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# TUTORIAL SHEET -1

Q1) Point charges 1 mC and -2mC are located at (3.2,-1) and (-1,-1, 4) respectively. Calculate electric force on a -10 nC charge located at (0, 3, 1) and electric field at that point. Q2) Point charges 5nC and -2nC are located at (2, 0, 4) and (-3, 0, 5) respectively. a) Determine the force on 1nC point charge located at (1,-3, 7). b) Find electric field E at (1,-3, 7). Q3) Two charges Q1=2C and Q2=5C are located at (-3,7,-4) and (2,4,-1) respectively. Determine the force on Q2 due to Q1 and force on Q1 due to Q2. Q4) A point charge Q=10nC is at the origin in free space. Find electric field at P(1,0,1).Also find electric flux density at P.
2 Q5) If electric flux density D is given by D = [(2 y + z )a x + 4 xya y + xa z ] C / m 2 .Find volume charge density at (0,0,0)and (-1,0,4).

Q6) Find the potential and volume charge density at P(0.5,1.5,1) in free space given the potential field a) V = 2 x 2 y 2 z 2 volts b) V=6z volts c) V= 5(2r 2 7) coscos volts d) V=3x-y volts Q7) Let D = 2 z 2 a +cos 2 a z .Evaluate a) D.ds
S

b) Ddv
V

over the region defined by 0 5,1 z 1,0 2 . Q8) electric field is given 2 D = 2 ( z + 1) cos a ( z + 1) sin a + cos a z C/m a) Find charge density b) Calculate charge enclosed by volume 0<<2, 0<</2,0<z<4. c) Confirm gauss law by finding the net flux through the surface of volume in b.
2

In

certain

region

the

by

Q9) In free space V = x 2 y ( z + 3) volts. Find a) E at (3, 4, -6) b) the charge within the cube 0<x, y ,z<1.

TUTORIAL SHEET -2

Q1) Find the total charge inside each of the volume indicated 2 0.1 x sin y,0 y 1,1 x 2,3 z 3.6 a) V = 10 z e b) V = 4 xyz 2 ,0 2,0 / 2,0 z 3 Q2) In Free space let Q1=10nC be at P1(0,-4,0) and Q2=20nC be at P2(0,0,4). a) Find E at the origin. b) Where should a 30nC point charge be located so that E is zero at the origin. Q3) A point charge QA=1C is at A(0,0,1) and QB=-1C is at B (0,0,-1). Find E r, E and E at P (1,2,3). nC/m 2 in free space. D = a r Q4. Let a) Find E at r=0.2m b) find total charge with in sphere r=0.2m. pC/m2 in free space. D = y 2 z 3 a x + 2 xyz 3 a y + 3 xy 2 z 2 a z Q5. Let a) Find total electric flux passing the surface defined by x=3, 0 y 2 , 0 z 1 in the direction away from origin. b) Find | E | at P (3, 2, 1). c) Find the total charge enclosed in an incremental sphere having radius of 2 m centered at P (3, 2, 1). Q6. If = 0 and V= 8x2yz find a) V at P(2,-1,3) b) v at P c) E at P. d) Does V satisfy Laplaces equation? Q7. A homogenous dielectric ( r = 2.5 ) fills region 1( x 0 ) while region-2( x 0 ) is a free space. a) If D1=12ax -10ay+4az nC/m2 find D2 and 2 b) if E2=12 volt/m and 2 =600 find E1 and 1. Take 1 and 2 as the angles which E1 and E2 makes with normal to the interface. Q8) The vector magnetic potential A due to direct current in a conductor in free space is given by A = ( x 2 + y 2 )a z Wb/m2.Determine the magnetic filed produced by current element at (1,2,3).
20( xa x + ya y ) Q9) A certain magnetic field intensity is given by H = A/m in free space. x2 + y2

r 3

## c) Find A (x, y, z) if Ax =Ay = 0 and Az = 0 at P(1,1,1). Q10) In a certain conducting region

H = yz ( x 2 + y 2 )a x y 2 xza y + 4 x 2 y 2 a z A/m.

a) Determine J at (5,2,-3) 1,0 <y, z<2. b) Find current passing through x = c) Show that B = 0.

TUTORIAL SHEET -3
Q1) Given the magnetic flux density B = 6 cos 10 6 t sin 0.01xa z mT. Find a) the magnetic flux passing through the surface defined z=0,0<x<20m,0<y<3m at t=1microseconds. by

b)

The value of closed line integral of E around the perimeter of the surface specified above at t=1microseconds.

Q2) In free space E = 20 cos( wt 50 x)a y V/m calculate a) JD , displacement current density b) H i.e Magnetic field c) B i.e Magnetic flux Density d) , frequency of elctromagnetic field wave. Q3) material of infinite extent with 9 = 2 10 F / m, =1.25 10 H / m, and =0.Let E = 400 cos(10 t kz ) a y V/m. If all the fields vary sinusoidally use maxwells equation to find D, B, H and k.
10 5

Assume

homogenous

Q4) A certain material has =0 and r=1.If E = 800 sin(10 6 t 0.01z ) a y V/m. Make use of the maxwells equation to find a) r b) H ( z , t ) Q5) In free space E = 20 cos(t 50 x)a y V/m. Calculate a) JD b)H c)
7 Q6) In air E = sin cos(6 10 t r )a V/m. Find and H. r Q7) In a charge free region for which =0, = r and = , H = 5 cos(1011 t 4 y ) a z A/m. Find a) J D and D b) r

Q8) In a certain Region with =0,= and = 6.25 the magnetic field of wave is 8 H = 0.6 cos x cos10 ta z A / m . Find and corresponding E using Maxwells equation. Q9) In free space
H = (sin a + 2 cos a ) cos(4 10 6 t ) A/m. Find JD and E.

r

## Find corresponding E in terms of r and .

TUTORIAL SHEET -4
1. The radiation resistance of an antenna is 80 ohm and loss resistance is 10ohm.What is the Directivity, if the power gain is 20? 2. Calculate the radiation Resistance of /20 dipole in free space.

3. Calculate the maximum Effective aperture of an antenna which is operating at wavelength of two meters and a directivity of 100. 4. Find out radiation resistance of l/8 wire dipole in free space. 5. An antenna has a loss resistance 10ohm, power gain of 20 and directivity of 22.Calculate its radiation resistance. 6. Calculate the maximum effective aperture of microwave antenna which has Directivity of 900. 7. Two vertically oriented half wave dipoles are spaced 1.5 apart to form an array .Calculate half power bandwidth of the major lobes of the array in horizontal plane, for the following two cases, when the dipoles are fed with: 8. a)equal and in phase current (broadside array) and 9. b)equal current but with a phase difference of 540 between the two current(End fire Array) 10. In the radiation pattern of a 3 element array of isotropic radiators equally spaced at distances l/4; it is required to place a null at an angle 33.56 degree of the endfire direction .Calculate the progressive phase shifts to be applied to the elements. Also calculate the angle at which the mail beam is placed for this phase distribution.

TUTORIAL SHEET -5
1. Calculate the radiation resistance of / 10 wire dipole in free space. 2. A maximum current carried by / 40 antenna is 125 amp. Calculate the power radiated by this antenna and its radiation resistance.

3. In Hertzian dipole, the radiation and induction fields have equal amplitude at distance. Justify the statement. 4. The power radiated from the dipole antenna is maximum at right angle to the axis of the antenna. 5. Explain the effective length of an antenna as a radiator of electromagnetic energy. 6. Drive an expression for the vector potential Az at a point P located at a large distance r from a half wave dipole placed along the Z- axis. 7. What do you mean by the radiation resistance of an antenna? What is the nature of the current distribution in a base fed half wave vertical antenna erected just above a perfect earth? 8. Calculate efficiency and total resistance of / 16 dipole antenna if the loss resistance is 1.8. 9. The total resistance of an antenna having effective height of 62 meters is 48.5. The rms current of antenna is 40 amperes at 550 kHz. Calculate: I. Radiation resistance of antenna II. III. Radiation power from this antenna Efficiency of antenna

## 10. Show that the directivity of isotropic antenna is unity.

TUTORIAL SHEET -6
1. Compute the effective length of a half wave dipole. 2. Establish that

where the terms have their usual meaning. 3. Show that the effective area and effective length of an antenna are related by . 4. The power delivered to an isotropic radiator is 1KW and antenna efficiency is 90%. Find the electric field intensity at a distance of 100 km. 5. A directional antenna has an effective radiated power of 1.1kW, when it is fed with a terminal input power of 90 watts. The radiation resistance is 74 at resonance and the measured antenna current is 1.088 amp rms. Find a) The antenna efficiency b) The antenna power loss c) The directive gain in decibels over an isotropic radiator. 6. What is Radiation Resistance of an antenna? Show that the radiation resistance of Half Wave dipole is 73ohms. 7. A transmitting antenna with an effective height of 100 meters has a current at the base 100 amperes (rms) at the frequency of 300 KHz. a) Find the Field strength at a distance of 10Km. b) Find the Power Radiated.

TUTORIAL SHEET -7
1. The electric field in free space is given by E = 50 cos(108 t + x)a y V/m a. Find the direction of wave propagation. b. Calculate and time it takes to travel a distance of /2. c. Sketch the wave at 0, T/4& T/2 sec.

30 at a particular frequency. 2. A lossy dielectric has an intrinsic impedance of 20 If at that frequency, the plane wave propagating through the dielectric has the magnetic field component

H= 10e-x cos ( t x/2) ay A/m Find E and . Determine the skin depth and wave polarization. 3. In a lossless medium for which = 60, r =1 and H= - 0.1cos ( t-z)ax +0.5 sin ( t-z) ay A/m. Calculate r, and E. 4. In free space (z 0), a plane with H = 10 cos (10 8t-x) ax mA/m is incident normally on a lossless medium ( = 2 , = 8 ) in region (z 0). Determine the reflected wave Hr Er and the transmitted wave Ht, Et. 5. The plane wave E = 50 sin (t - 5 x ) a y V/m in a lossless medium ( = 4 , = ) encounters a lossy medium( = , = , = 0.1mho / m ) normal to x-axis at x=0. Find (a) Reflection and transmission coefficient (b) E r and H r (c) E t and H t 6. A lossy dielectric is characterized by r = 2.5, r = 4 and =10 -3 MHz. Let E s = 20 e y z a x V/m then find (a) attenuation constant (b) Phase constant (c) Wave velocity u (d) Wavelength (e) Intrinsic impedance (f) H s (g) E (2,3,4,10ns) mho/m at 10

7. A uniform plane wave in free space is propagation in the -ay direction at a frequency of 10 MHz. If E = 400cos t ax V/m at y=0.write expressions for (a) E (x,y,z,t) (b) E s(x,y,z) (c) H s(x,y,z) (d) H (x,y,z,t) 8. A plane wave propagating through a medium with r = 8, r = 2 has E =0.5e-z/3 sin(108 t- z)ax V/m. Determine (a) (b)Loss tangent (c) wave impedance

(d) wave velocity (e) H field 9. The magnetic field component of a plane wave in a lossless dielectric is H=30 sin (2 108t-5x)az mA/m (a) If r =1 find r (b) Calculate the wavelength and wave velocity (c) Determine the polarization of wave. (d) Find the corresponding electric field component. (e) Find displacement current density. 10. In a certain medium E=10 cos(2 107t- x)(ay+ az) V/m If =50 , = 2 and = 0 find and H.

TUTORIAL SHEET -8
1. Calculate the maximum Aperture of a /2 (Half wave) Antenna. 2. Calculate the Effective length of an Antenna. Given Rr= 73 ohms, Ae(max)= 0.13 ^2 and =120. 3. Calculate the maximum effective aperture of an antenna which is operating at a wavelength 0f 2 meters and has a directivity of 100.

4. Calculate the gain of an Antenna with a circular aperture of diameter 3 meters at a frequency of 5 GHz. 5. A thin dipole antenna is /15 long. If its loss resistance is 1.5 ohms, find radiation resistance and the efficiency. 6. Calculate the radiation resistance of an antenna which is radiating 1000 watts and drawing a current of 5 amps. 7. Calculate the FBR (Front to Back) ratio of an antenna in DB which radiates 3 KW in its most optimum direction and 500 Watts in the Opposite direction. 8. An antenna has loss resistance 10 ohms, power gain of 20 and directivity 22. Calculate its radiation resistance. 9. Find the gain, Beamwidth and capture area for a parabolic antenna with a 6 meters diameter dish and dipole feed at a frequency of 10 GHz. 10. The Noise figure of an amplifier at room temperature (T=290 K) is 0.2 DB. Find the equivalent temperature.

TUTORIAL SHEET -9
1. Calculate the radiation resistance of 2. A maximum current carried by wire dipole in free space. antenna is 125 amp. Calculate the power

radiated by this antenna and its radiation resistance. 3. In Hertzian dipole, the radiation and induction fields have equal amplitude at distance. Justify the statement. 4. The power radiated from the dipole antenna is maximum at right angle to the axis of the antenna. 5. Explain the effective length of an antenna as a radiator of electromagnetic energy. 6. Drive an expression for the vector potential Az at a point P located at a large distance r from a half wave dipole placed along the Z- axis. 7. What do you mean by the radiation resistance of an antenna? What is the nature of the current distribution in a base fed half wave vertical antenna erected just above a perfect earth? 8. Calculate effeciency and total resistance of is 1.8. 9. The total resistance of an atenna having effective height of 62 metres is 48.5. The rms current of antenna is 40 amp. at 550 kHz. Calculate: a) Radiation resistance of antenna b) Radiation power from this antenna c) Efficiency of antenna 10. Show that the directivity of isotropic antenna is unity. dipole antenna if the loss resistance

## TUTORIAL SHEET -10

1. Compute the effective length of a half wave dipole. 2. Establish that Where the terms have their usual meaning. 3. Show that the effective area and effective length of an antenna are related by . 4. The power delivered to an isotropic radiator is 1KW and antenna effeiciency is 90%. Find the electric field intensity at a distance of 100 km. 5. A directional antenna has an effective radiated power of 1.1kW, when it is fed with a terminal input power of 90 watts. The radiation resistance is 74 at resonance and the measured antenna current is 1.088 amp rms. Find a) The antenna efficiency b) The antenna power loss c) The directive gain in decibels over an isotropic radiator. 6. (a) What is Radiation Resistance of an antenna ? (b) Show that the radiation resistance of Half Wave dipole is 73ohms. 7. A transmitting antenna with an effective height of 100 meters has a current at the base 8. 100 amp(rms) at the frequency of 300KHz. 9. Find the Field strength at a distance of 10Km. 10. Find the Power Radiated.