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System Architecture

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Objectives
Upon completion of this module students will know the following:
Shelf components Mechanical concept LED indications Specifications

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Access Systems

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Product Highlights

Point to Multipoint connection Based on WiMAX forums standards 802.16e ready. Non Line-of-Sight (NLOS) coverage End-to-end Quality of Service (QoS) Adaptive Modulation Technology High throughput Long distance Various types of CPE Advanced management application ver. 08-09-01

For detailed information about the next slides Please refer to the: BreezeMAX TDD Modular Base Station System Manual
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Base Station Shelf Architecture


Base Station Antenna (BS-ANT-dg-p/3.3-3.8) BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) sector #1 sector #2 sector #3 BMAX-CPEODU-PROSE-ff BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) sector #4 sector #5 sector #6 CPE Antenna (ANT-g) ALVR-VG-1DnV-C Ethernet 10/100 Mbps BMAX-CPEODU-PRO SA-ff BMAX-CPE-IDU-1D (indoor) ALVR-VG-1DnV-C PC hub / switch

PC

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor)

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

BMAX-CPE-IDU-NG-4D1W (indoor) 802.11g PC PC All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

PC PC Indoor

PC

BMAX-CPE-Si-E/U-ff Hub / Switch / Gateway

Base Station Shelf Indoor ver. 08-09-01


(BMAX-BS-SH)

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (indoor)

ALVR-VG1DnV-C

Wireless

PC Indoor Alvarion Training Services

PC

PC

Base Station Chassis (Shelf)

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

An 8U + 1U high cPCI (compact Peripheral Component Interconnect) shelf


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Designed for installation in a 19 or ETSI (23) rack Has a total of nine double Euro (6U high) slots, for AUs and NPUs, and six single Euro (3U high) slots, for PIUs and PSUs All the modules are hot swappable, and high availability can be provided through multiple redundancy schemes
Base Station Shelf

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

The Base Station chassis contains an air convection and ventilation fan tray (Air Ventilation Unit)
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Air Ventilation Unit (AVU)

2U high 10 brush-less fans, where 9 fans are sufficient for cooling a fully loaded chassis Failure is indicated by both the front panel LEDs and a trap that is sent to the management system
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The chassis may operate with the hotswappable fan tray extracted for up 10 to minutes Redundancy 9 + 1
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AVU

Air Ventilation Unit (AVU)


1 2 3

AVU 1 2 PWR LED Module handle Green - AVU power is OK Red - 12 VDC power failure When lit (and PWR LED is Green) - one or more of the fans failed When lit (and PWR LED is Red) - 12 VDC power failure Mounting screws
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No

Label

Function

3 4
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ALRM LED -

Network Processing Unit (NPU)

NPUs

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(NPU) serves as the heart of the base station Connectivity via a 100/1000 BaseT Management port 10/100 BaseT Traffic classification and connection establishment Data switching & forwarding Service Level Agreements management Base station overall management Serial port for monitor connection

10

Network Processing Unit (NPU)


The NPU should be inserted to slot number 5 NPU Redundancy (future release) 1 +1 Master / slave schema one card active ,one updating.

NPUs

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Network Processing Unit (NPU)


1 No Label PWR LED MASTER LED GPS/SYNC LED DATA connector MGMT connector GPS/SYNC IN connector ALARM IN connector Function Card handle Green - NPU power is OK Red - NPU power failure When lit - the NPU is the primary (master) NPU Off - GPS/IF clock synchronization is disabled Green - GPS/IF clock is synchronization enabled RJ-45 used to connect the NPU to the backbone RJ-45 used to connect the NPU to the Out-Of-Band management network Connection to a GPS Adapter 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 7 6 4 5 2 3

NPUs

1 2 3

14 13 12

8 9 10
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For future use 11 Card handle Card handle lock 10 9

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12

Network Processing Unit (NPU)


1 No Label HOT SWAP LED MON connector RESET button ALARM OUT connector GPS/SYNC OUT connector Function When lit - the hot swap circuit is active and the card can be safely removed 3 pin low profile connector used for accessing and debugging the NPU via the monitoring program Used to perform hardware reset to the AU-IDU For future use 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 7 6 4 5 2 3

NPUs

11

12

13

14

15

For future use MGMT port activity LED when blinking - Ethernet activity at the management port MGMT port integrity LED when lit Ethernet physical layer is OK DATA port activity LED when blinking - Ethernet activity at the data port 14 13 12 11 10 9 8
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16

17

18

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Network Processing Unit (NPU)


1

No NPUs 19

Label EXT ALRM LED BST ALRM LED ALRM LED -

Function MGMT port integrity LED when lit - Ethernet physical layer is OK For future use

23 22 21 20 19 18 17 6 7 16 15 4 5 2 3

20

21

When lit - failure in one (or more) BS modules When lit - NPU failure Card handle lock

22 23

14 13 12 11 10
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14

Access Unit (AU)

IF Tx 240 MHz and Rx 140 MHz Contains the MAC and modem
AUs AUs

Responsible for wireless network connection establishment Bandwidth management Four 3.5/5 MHz PHY channels Connects to the AU-ODUs via Intermediate Frequency (IF) cables Carrying full duplex data, control and management signals 64 MHz synchronization reference clock 14 MHz channel for management Supports up to 510 SUs
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Power (-48 VDC)

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Access Unit (AU)


Two types of AU-IDU
Four Channels-HP:

standard AU-IDU for BreezeMAX TDD systems. supports high currents up to 3.5 A of -54 VDC power supply from the PIU
Four Channels-HP-4M:

AU card for the 4Motion mobile WiMAX solution, hardware-ready for migration to the mobile WiMAX compatible
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Access Unit (AU)


AU-IDU Redundancy (future release) Redundancy scheme 6 +1
AUs AUs

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17

Access Unit (AU)


1 No 1 2 Label PWR LED Function Card handle Green - AU-IDU power supply is OK Red - AU-IDU power supply failed Off - AU-IDU is not powered Off No IDU Transmission Green IDU Transmission OK Off - No downlink IP activity Green (blinking) - Downlink IP activity Green - ODU power is OK Red - ODU power failure TNC connector for the IF cable connection to the ODU1 - 4 When lit - IDU to ODU communication failure For Future Use When lit - at least one SU is connected Off - AU-IDU is OK Red - AU-IDU Failure 11 10 9 8 7 7 4 5 6 5 6 7 5 6 7 5 6 12
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2 3

AUs

AUs
3 WACT LED

IP LED PWR LED (ODU1- 4) ODU (1- 4) connector Alarm LED (ODU1- 4) SP WLINK LED ALARM

5 6 7 8 9 10

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Base Station Shelf Components


1

No 11

Label HOT SWAP LED RESET button

Function When lit - the hot swap circuit is active and the card can be safely removed Used to perform hardware reset to the AU-IDU AUs
10 9 8 7 7 4 5 6 5 6 7 5 6 7 5 6 12 11
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2 3

12

AUs

1
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19

Power Interface Unit (PIU)

DC power source (48 VDC) Filters and stabilizes the base station input power Protects from power problems such as over voltage, surge pulses, reverse polarity connection and short circuits Chassis contains two slots for an optional 1+1 PIU redundancy Regular PIU support: 35A current High power PIU
PIUs Regular PIU

Up to 8 ODU 58A current Up to 20 ODU

High power PIU

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20

Power Interface Unit (PIU)


In order to use the power cord with the high power PIU The wires should be shortcut as illustrated

PIU AU-IDU-4C

AU-IDU-4C

High Power

Regular

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

GND -48V RTN

AU-IDU-4C

Base Station Shelf Indoor ver. 08-09-01


(BMAX-BS-SH)

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AU-IDU-4C

21

Power Interface Unit (PIU)


7 No Label Function Green - PIU power is OK Red - PIU power input is out of range or PIU card is damaged When lit - the hot swap circuit is active and the card can be safely removed Card handle lock Card handle -48 VDC connector When lit - the PIU is the master PIU Mounting screw 5 2 6 MASTER LED 4
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PWR LED HOT SWAP LED -

6 1

3 4 5

PIUs

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Power Interface Unit (PIU)

PIU Redundancy 1+ 1

PIUs

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23

Power Supply Unit (PSU)

A 48 VDC power supply unit Each Base Station chassis can contain up to four PSU modules providing N+1 redundancy configurations The following table provides the installation requirements for the PSU
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PSUs

PSUs

Number of AU-IDUs

Minimum Required Number of PSUs 1 2

1-2 3-6

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Power Supply Unit (PSU)

No 1 2 3

Label ALARM LED PWR LED

Function Mounting screw Card handle Card handle lock When lit - power input is out of range or PSU is damaged or PSU is inhabited by NPU When lit - PIU power is OK

PSUs

PSUs

4 2 3

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Base Station Shelf Components


PSUs
PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

AUs

NPUs

AUs

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007 AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

PIUs

PSUs

Backbone Backbone

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(R)

AVU

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(BMAX-BS-SH)

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Base Station Redundancy Summary

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

The following redundancy schemes are supported by the base station chassis:
Network Processing Unit (NPU) 1+1 Redundancy is currently not supported Power Supply Unit (PSU) Power Interface Unit (PIU) N+1 1+1
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Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

Access Unit (AU) 6+1 Redundancy is currently not supported Air Ventilation Unit (AVU) 1 (built-in)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

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Global Positioning System

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

The GPS is required to avoid any inter-site (between BS) interferences In a TDD system
The F/B ratio of the SUs is preventing the other base station from interfering There is only one frequency for receive and transmit. If the base stations are not synchronized, when BS#1 transmit and BS#2 receives, the transmission of BS#1 interferes with the transmission of SU2
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100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

The synchronization between the base stations is done using GPS and same UL/DL ratio within the network

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (outdoor)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

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Global Positioning System

1 PPS Connected Base Station - 30 dB due to F/B


DL Fram e

1 PPS

DL e Fram

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UL frame

29

Global Positioning System


The GPS clock required is 1 PPS (Pulse Per Second) with an accuracy of 10e-11 and maximum jitter of 100ns The GPS system transmits two streams of information: PPS - Pulse Per Second a stream of pulses separated by 1 second PPS ID a number identifying the PPS, in terms of microsecond elapsed from January 1 2000, until the respective PPS pulse
BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor) BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

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Global Positioning System

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

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Calculations are executed every PPS Shifts between the GPS clock and Base Station clock are compensated by using an on-going algorithm Indoor or outdoor installed GPS unit Synchronized to at least 4 satellites There is one type of GPS, Outdoor GPS receiver - AQUTIME-2000 (Trimble) GPS Adapter connects the GPS unit to the NPU Chaining is supported on release 4.2 only for microBS

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

31

Global Positioning System

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

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(BMAX-BS-SH)

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12 VDC power source, supplied by the NPU via the GPS Adapter The RS-422 interface allows installation at distances up to 100meters/328 feet Hold-Over capabilities in case of poor (less than 2) satellite detection (default Hold-Over time 30min) After Hold-Over time (user defined) AUs operation can continue normally or stop TX operation (user defined)

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

32

GPS Adapter Unit

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

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The GPS Adapter is powered by 12 VDC supplied by the NPU The GPS Adapter is installed in a 1U high panel (the same panel that is used for the ODU Power Feeders) The GPS select switches state should be: ODU ON; IDU and INT OFF

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

33

GPS Adapter Unit


1
PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

6 7

Backbone Backbone

No 1

Label PWR

Function Off - Power input failure Green - 12 VDC power supply from NPU is OK Blinking Green - 1PPS signal from GPS Receiver is detected Red - 1PPS signal is not detected Green - indicates that the selected GPS Receiver is ODU (Outdoor) Off - ODU GPS Receiver is not selected

Router

(R)

1PPS

Active GPS ODU

BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

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34

GPS Adapter Unit


1
PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU

6 7

Backbone Backbone

No 4

Label Active GPS - IDU Active GPS - INT INT CLOCK BMAX Interface GPS Select
BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

Function Green - indicates that the selected GPS Receiver is IDU (Indoor) Off - IDU GPS Receiver is not selected For future use
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Router

(R)

AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

5 6 7 8

For future use J1 Connector Connects the adapter box to NPUs GPS connector 3 On/Off switches to manually select the connected GPS type (up on, down off)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

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GPS Adapter Unit


1 2 4

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C

No
NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU

Label Internal- GPS-ANT IDU GPS ODU GPS Ground Screw

Function For future use Used to connect indoor installed GPS unit, control channel and 1PPS signal
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Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

1 2 3 4

AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Used to connect all outdoor installed GPS unit via RS-422 interface Ground cable connection to the unit

BMAX-GPS-IGA (indoor)

BMAX-GPS-OGR (Outdoor)

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(BMAX-BS-SH)

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Access Unit Outdoor Unit High Power

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-HP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Half Duplex multi-carrier radio unit Connects to an external antenna High transmit power and low noise figure Supports bandwidth up to 10Mhz Output power (at antenna port):
New - 3.3a GHz 32 1 dBm (range of 24 - 32 dBm) New - 3.3b GHz 33 1 dBm (range of 24 - 33 dBm) 2.xGHz - 36 1 dBm (range of 30 - 36 dBm) 3.4 - 3.6GHz - 34 1 dBm (range of 24 - 34 dBm)
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Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

37

Access Unit Outdoor Unit High Power

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-HP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Band 2.3 (WCS) 2.3 (WCS) Extended 2.3 2.5A 2.5B 3.3A 3.3B 3.4A 3.4B 3.5A 3.5B 3.6B

Frequency Range 2305 - 2315, 2350 236O 2305 2317, 2348 - 2360 2300-2360 MHz 2496-2602 MHz 2590-2690 MHz 3300-3355 MHz 3345-3400 MHz 3399.5-3455 MHz 3445-3500 MHz 3500-3555 MHz 3545-3600 MHz 3650-3700MHz

Resolution 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz 125Khz
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Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

125Khz

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Access Unit Outdoor Unit High Power


8
PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-HP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1

1 2

7 6

3 4

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

No 1 2 3 4 5

Label ETH LED PWR LED ALARM LED IF Connector

Function When lit - at least one SU is associated When lit - AU-ODU power is OK When lit - AU-ODU failure TNC connector for the IF cable connection to the AU-IDU N-Type connector to connect the antenna

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AU-IDU-4C

39

Access Unit Outdoor Unit High Power


8
PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-HP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1

1 2

7 6

3 4

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

No 6

Label BAND Sticker

Function A sticker indicating the band of the AU-ODU (either A or B) Impermeability test screw, for internal use only. Opening of this screw may impair the sealing of the unit against moisture and humidity Grounding screw

7 8

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AU-IDU-4C

40

Power Feeder

PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-PWR-FEED PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1 BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor)

sector #1

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

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The ODU Power Feeder is used to provide power (-48 VDC) to the AU-ODU-HP It transfers transparently all signals between the AU-IDU and the ODU, while injecting DCpower received from an external source Each ODU Power Feeder unit can serve up to four High Power ODUs Up to three ODU Power Feeder units can be installed in a 1U high Power Feeder panel

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

41

Power Feeder
1
PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-PWR-FEED PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1 BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor)

sector #1

6 5

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

1 2 3 4

IDU 1 - 4 ODU PWR 1 - 4 LED

Connection to ODU connectors of AU-IDUs/Micro Base Station When lit (Green) - AU-ODU-HP is connected and powered When lit (Red) - Power output problem (short or overload) Grounding screw

-48 VDC connector

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AU-IDU-4C

No

Label

Function

42

Power Feeder
1
PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-PWR-FEED PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor) sector #1 BMAX-BST-AU-ODUHP-TDD-F.X-B (outdoor)

sector #1

6 5

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

5 6

ODU 1 - 4 PWR

Connections to IF connectors of AU-ODU-HP units When lit - ODU Power feeder power is OK

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AU-IDU-4C

No

Label

Function

43

Access Unit Antenna

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) sector #1

Sectorial antenna (Dual Slant)


Azimuth Beam-Width 90 Elevation Beam-Width 8 2

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Backbone Backbone

Gain 15.5 dBi Frequency 2.3 - 2.7 GHz N-Type Connector


50 impedance
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Router

(R)

Polarization of each antenna is 45deg from the vertical center:


Port 1: +45deg from the center Port 2: -45deg from the center

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

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Polarization between the antenna is crossed (90deg) which provides isolation of more than 25dB
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IF Cable

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) sector #1

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

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All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

Connects the AU-ODU to the AU-IDU/Micro Base Station Carrying both signals and power The maximum permitted attenuation of the IF cable at applicable frequencies depend on its screening effectiveness and its maximum permitted DC resistance (further information are provided in the Base Station User Manual) Recommended to use Cable AU-ODU-HP double shielded cables LMR-195 30m Cables recommended by LMR-240 60m Alvarion and their LMR-400 150m maximum length

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

45

IF Cable

PIU AU-IDU-4C PIU AU-IDU-4C BMAX-BST-AUODU-ff (outdoor) sector #1

100 / 1000 Mbps Ethernet switch

PSU AU-IDU-4C NPU NPU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C PSU AU-IDU-4C Base Station Shelf

The IF cable carries


Full duplex data Control and management signals Power (-48 VDC) 64 MHz synchronization reference clock from the IDU to the ODU IF Frequencies Tx: 240 MHz Rx: 140 MHz IDU-ODU service channel at 14 MHz serves for bi-directional control, status and management signaling

Backbone Backbone

Router

(R)

Indoor ver. 08-09-01

(BMAX-BS-SH)

Alvarion Training Services

All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

46

Single Channel per AU, No Diversity

Served Sector

ver. 07-06-10 08-09-01

Alvarion Training Services

All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

This is the basic configuration Each AU-IDU connects to one ODU Serving a single sector with a directional antenna

47

Multiple Channels per AU, No Diversity


Up to 4 channels per AUIDU can be used to cover several sectors one ODU per sector 4 sectors of 90each with frequency reuse 1 or AU-IDU share a common MAC and modem
ODU-1 Sector 1 ODU-2 Sector 2 ODU-3 Sector 3 ODU-4 Sector 4

ODU-1 Sector 1 ODU-2 Sector 2 ODU-3 Sector 3 ODU-4 Sector 4

ver. 07-06-10 08-09-01

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48

2nd Order Diversity


One sector Space diversity Two AU-ODU Channels 1,2 Same frequency and transmit power Same AU-IDU share a common MAC and modem

ODU-1 Sector 1 ODU-2 Sector 1

ver. 07-06-10 08-09-01

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All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

49

4th Order Diversity


Single sector Single AU-IDU with 4 ODUs Space and polarization ODU-1 diversities Sector 1 Using dual polarization ODU-2 slant antennas Sector 1 Channels 1 and 2 form ODU-3 Sector 2 one pair ODU-4 Channels 3 and 4 form Sector 2 one pair Same frequency and transmit power are set for all four ODUs Common MAC and modem

ver. 07-06-10 08-09-01

Alvarion Training Services

All Rights Reserved Alvarion 2007

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