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Location: The country known as Egypt is officially called the Arab Republic of Egypt. It is situated in the north-east of Africa.

It lies primarily between latitudes 22 and 32N & longitudes 25 and 35E. At 1,001,450 square kilometers, it is the world's 30th-largest country. Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. Egypt is a transcontinental country; it possesses a land bridge between Africa and Asia, crossed by a navigable waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean. Language: Almost 98% of the population speaks Egyptian-Arabic, a dialect of the Modern Standard Arabic. It is also the most important Arabic spoken since Egypt produces most of the Arab films, tvseries and music. There are some minorities which speak Nubian, Berber and Coptic. English and French are widely understood due to the fact that it is taught in classes. Current Economic Status: Egypt's economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, exports of natural gas, and tourism; there are also more than three million Egyptians working abroad. Egypt is intersected by the Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Despite the relatively high levels of economic growth over the past few years, living conditions for the average Egyptian remain poor. Most important representative: Egypt is known for beginning the earliest administrative and legislative codes in history. Throughout its history, human civilizations offered the most advanced form of governance and management. The Pharaonic civilization laid the groundwork of governance and management. Khedive Ismail is the most important representative since back in 1866 he established the Advisory Council of Representatives. That Council was the first with representative functions. It included the standing order of rules and procedures of the council, the election system, candidate eligibility requirements and Assembly legislative terms.

Literature Representative: Literature is an important cultural element in the life of Egypt. Egyptian novelists and poets were among the first to experiment with modern styles of Arabic literature, and has developed widely throughout the Middle East. The first modern Egyptian novel Zaynab by Muhammad Husayn Haykal was published in 1913. Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz was the first Arabiclanguage writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Egyptian women writers include Nawal El Saadawi, well known for her feminist activism, and Alifa Rifaat who also writes about women and tradition. Vernacular poetry is perhaps the most popular literary genre among Egyptians, represented by the works of Ahmed Fouad Negm(Fagumi), Salah Jaheen and Abdel Rahman elAbnudi.

Food: Thousands of years ago, ancient Egyptians left evidence of their love for food. Well-preserved wall paintings and carvings have been discovered on tombs and temples, depicting large feasts and a variety of foods. Many of these ancient foods are still eaten in Egyptian households today. Peas, beans, cucumbers, dates, figs, and grapes were popular fruits and vegetables in ancient times. Wheat and barley, ancient staple crops, were used to make bread and beer. Fish and poultry were also popular. In the Egyptian diet, bread carries a lot of importance. Eaten with almost every meal, the rural or working class Egyptian meal will often consist of beans and bread. Some of the most popular dishes in Egypt are: Ful Medammes - This common Egyptian favorite is made of mashed fava beans that are served with a sauce of olive oil, onion, garlic, chopped parsley and lemon juice. Koshary - This is a traditional Egyptian dish that is made up of brown chickpeas, macaroni, and rice. It is topped with garlic, vinegar and tomato sauce that is spicy. Kishk - This favorite is actually pudding made out of yogurt or milk and flour. Additional seasonings might include boiled chicken, chicken broth or fried onions.

Egyptian farmers grew a rich variety of crops, including grains, cotton,barsim (clover), legumes, fruits, and vegetables, thanks to the warm climate, plentiful water along the Nile, and exceptionally fertile soil. Egypt mostly grows cotton, rice, wheat, corn, sugar cane, sugar beets,
onions, and beans.