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The Works

OF

LORD BYRON.

C

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//,//„„,,

The Works

OF

LORD BYRON.

A NEW, REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION,

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS.

Letters and Journals.

EDITED BY

Vol. III.

ROWLAND E. PROTHERO, M.A., M.V.O.,

FORMERLY FELLOW OF ALL SOULS COLLEGE, OXFORD.

42798

(SECOND IMPRESSION.)

*

'

.

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>

•>

LONDON JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

NEW YORK: CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS.

1904.

:••:

••

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• •* •*••«

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,

*

.• *•

PREFACE.

Between January, 1814, and November, 18 16, Halleck's

American edition of Byron's Works (1849), hitherto the

most complete collection, prints 115 letters.

To this

number the present edition adds 118.

Of the 233 letters contained in the text of Volume III.,

146 have been

collated with

the

originals.

In

this

number are included all the new letters, with the ex-

ception of those to Miss Milbanke.

There remain 87 letters, the originals of which have

not been obtained.

These are the letters to Moore (49),

Leigh Hunt (11), Miss Milbanke (6), Ashe (1), Meri-

vale (1), Dallas (1), Hodgson (2), [Reynolds] (1), Cowell

(1),

Nathan (2),

Dibdin

(3),

Taylor (2),

Drury (1),

Sotheby (2), Hogg (1), the Countess of

(1), Lady

Byron (1), Madame de Stael (1).

All these letters, with

the exception of those to Miss Milbanke, have been

previously published.

The

15

letters, or extracts from letters, from Byron

to Miss Milbanke, given in the text or in Appendix III.,

are printed, for the first time, from copies made by the

Earl of Lovelace.

VI

PREFACE.

In the Appendix to Chapter XII. the sources of the

letters and documents bearing on the

indicated.

separation are

The letters from Hogg (Appendix II.), Leigh Hunt

(Appendix V.),

Jane Clairmont

the originals.

Walter Scott

(Appendix

VI.),

and

(Appendix VII.),

are

printed from

R. E. PROTHERO.

April 10, 1S99.

LIST OF LETTERS.

380.

•*

Vlll

LIST OF LETTERS.

IX

PAGB

449.

Undated.

45°-

Undated.

May 9.

May 18.

453-

May 23.

454-

May 29.

455-

May 31.

456.

June 9.

457-

Undated.

458.

Undated.

459-

June 11

June 14

  • 461. June 14

 

June 18

463-

June 21

464.

June 24

465-

June 24

  • 466. June 27

  • 467. July 8.

  • 468. Undated.

 

July 11

  • 470. July is

  • 471. July 17

  • 472. July 18

473-

July 18

474-

July 19

475-

July 23

476.

Undated

477-

July 24

478.

July 28

479-

July

3 1

  • 480. Aug. 2

  • 481. Aug.

3-

  • 482. Aug.

3-

483-

Aug.

3-

484.

Aug.

4-

485-

Aug.

5-

  • 486. Aug.

12.

  • 487. Aug. 13.

  • 488. Aug. 27.

  • 489. Sept. 2.

To Thomas Moore

..

>>

  • 451. To the Hon. Augusta Leigh

  • 452. To Thomas Moore To the Countess of Jersey To

Thomas Moore

To Samuel Rogers

To James Wedderburn Webster ....

  • 460. To Thomas Moore

To John Murray

To John Murray

To Samuel Rogers

To Thomas Moore

To John Hanson

To John Murray

 

To John Hanson

To John Murray

»

»

,»

»

To John

Hanson

To John Murray

To Thomas Moore

To John Murray

 

To Thomas Moore

 

»

To John Murray

 

»»

  • 462. To the Hon. Augusta Leigh To the Hon. Augusta Leigh ...

...

  • 469. To Charles Hanson

82

83

84

84

84

85

86

87

89

91

91

92

95

96

98

99

-99

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

107

107

109

J 09

no

"2

112

113

114

115

117

121

122

123

125

127

127

  • 490. Sept. 7.

131

 

LIST OF LETTERS.

 
 

TAGE

  • 491. To John Hanson

Sept. 11

133

  • 492. To Thomas Moore

Sept. 15

134

493-

Sept. 15

136

494-

Sept. 16

To Miss Milbanke

137

495-

Sept. 18

To John Hanson

137

496.

Sept. 20

To Thomas Moore

138

497-

Sept. 24

To John Hanson

14°

498.

Sept. 28

Hi

499-

Oct. 1.

J 42

Oct. 5.

  • 500. ,

 

143

  • 501. To the Countess of

Oct. 5.

144

  • 502. To Miss Milbanke

Oct. 7.

146

503-

Oct. 7-

To Thomas Moore

146

5°4-

Oct. 14

To Miss Milbanke

151

S05-

Oct. 14

To Thomas Moore

152

506.

Oct. 15,

To Leigh Hunt

 

153

507-

Oct. 16

To Miss Milbanke

154

508.

Oct. 1

To Henry Drury

154

509-

Oct. 19

To Francis Hodgson

155

  • 510. To Miss Milbanke

Oct. 20

157

5"-

Oct. 21

To John Hanson

158

  • 512. To Miss Milbanke

Oct. 22

159

513-

Oct. 22

To John Cowell

 

160

Oct. 24

To John Hanson

161

515-

Oct. 25

l62

516.

Dec. 14

To Thomas Moore

163

517-

Dec. 31

To John Murray

164

 

1815.

518.

Jan. 6.

To John Murray

165

5*9-

Jan. 6.

>)

,,

166

  • 520. To Isaac Nathan

Jan.

167

  • 521. To Thomas Moore

Jan. 10.

168

  • 522.

Jan. 19.

,,

170

523-

Jan. 26.

To

Hay

173

524.

Feb. 2.

To Thomas Moore

175

525-

Feb. 2.

To John Murray

177

526.

Feb. 4.

To Thomas Moore

177

  • 527- Feb. 10.

178

  • 528. Feb. 22.

179

  • 529. March 2.

181

LIST OF LETTERS.

XI

March 8.

  • 530. To Thomas Moore

531.

March 27.

,,

March 31.

  • 532. To Samuel Taylor Coleridge

533.

534.

April 9.

April 23.

To John Murray

To Thomas Moore

535.

536.

May 21.

Undated.

To John Murray

  • 537. To Leigh Hunt

May-June 1.

538.

June 12.

To Thomas Moore

539.

540.

541.

July 7.

July 18.

Undated.

To

To Thomas Dibdin

542.

543.

Undated.

July 23.

To John Taylor

,,

544.

Aug. 26.

To John Murray

  • 545. To the Hon. Mrs. George Lamb

Sept. 3.

546.

Sept. 15.

To William Sotheby

547.

548.

549.

Sept. 25.

Sept. 25.

Sept. 25.

To John Taylor

To John

Murray

550.

551.

552.

553.

Sept. 27.

,,

,,

Sept. 23 [28].

To Thomas Dibdin

Oct.

7.

To Leigh Hunt

Oct. 15.

,,

554.

Oct. 22.

  • 555. To Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Oct. 27.

556.

Oct. 28.

To Thomas Moore

  • 557. To Leigh Hunt

Sept. -Oct. 30.

558.

Oct. 31.

To Thomas Moore

559.

560.

561.

562.

563.

564.

565.

Nov. 4.

Nov. 4.

Nov. 4.

Undated.

Nov. 14.

Dec. 25.

Undated.

,,

To John Murray

,,

To Leigh Hunt

To John Murray

To Leigh Hunt

566.

567.

568.

569.

Jan.

3.

Jan. 5.

Jan. 20.

Jan. 21.

1816.

To John Murray

To Thomas Moore

To Samuel Rogers

To John Murray

.

.

PAGE

.

183

186

190

193

194

198

199

199

201

207

211

212

213

213

215

215

216

217

220

221

222

224

224

225

226

228

230

238

242

243

245

246

247

249

250

250

251

252

255

256

xu

LIST OF LETTERS.

570.

Jan. 22.

S7i.

Jan. 23.

572.

Jan. 29.

573-

Feb. 3.

574-

Feb. 8.

575-

Feb. 16.

576.

Feb. 20.

577-

Feb. 26.

578.

Feb. 29.

579-

March I.

580.

March 6.

581.

March 8.

582.

March 22.

583-

March 25.

584-

Undated.

585-

March 29.

586.

March 30.

587-

April 2.

588.

April 2.

589-

April 2.

590.

April 6.

59i.

Undated.

592-

April 15.

593-

April 15.

594-

Undated

595-

April 24.

596.

April 25.

597-

May i.

598.

June 27.

599-

July 22.

  • 600. July 29.

 

Aug. 25.

  • 602. Aug. 28.

  • 603. Aug. 28.

 

Sept. 8.

  • 605. Sept. 29.

  • 606. Sept. 30.

 

Oct. 5.

  • 608. Oct. 5.

  • 609. Oct. 9.

610.

Oct. 15.

  • 611. Nov. 1.

612

Nov. 6.

To John Murray To Samuel Rogers

To Leigh Hunt

To John Murray

To Samuel Rogers

To John Murray

»

»

To Leigh Hunt

To Thomas Moore

To James Hogg

To John Murray

To Thomas Moore

To John Murray

To Samuel Rogers

To John Murray

 

»

To Lady Byron

To John Murray

To Isaac Nathan

.........

To the Hon. Augusta Leigh

To John Hanson

To the Hon. Augusta Leigh

To John Murray "

>

To Samuel Rogers

  • 601. To Madame De Stael To John Hanson To John Murray

  • 604. To the Hon. Augusta Leigh To John Murray

  • 607. ,

To Thomas Moore

257

257

258

260

261

262

263

264

266

268

270

272

275

275

276

276

277

278

278

279

279

280

281

282

283

283

285

330

333

337

340

343

344

345

347

365

367

369

371

373

374

379

380

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER

IX.

The Corsair

and Ode to Napoleon

Buonaparte ...

X.

Lara—Engagement to Miss Milbanke ...

XI.

Married Life Drury Lane Manage-

ment ...

XII.

Birth of Ada Byron The Siege of

PAGE

I

79

165

Corinth and Parisina The Separa-

XIV

CONTENTS.

1 6.

17-

18.

Lady Byron to the Hon. Augusta Leigh.

59

19.

20.

21.

22.

23-

24.

25-

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

3

1 -

32.

33-

34-

35-

36.

37-

38.

39-

40.

41.

42.

43-

44.

45-

46.

47-

48.

49.

CONTENTS.

XV

  • 51. Lord Holland to Lord Byron.

March 3

...

  • 52. Dr. Lushington to Lord Holland.

March 3

...

  • 53. Lord Byron to John Hanson.

March 4 ...

...

  • 54. The Hon. Augusta Leigh to John Hanson. March 5

55. Statement by Mrs. Fletcher

...

...

...

  • 56. The Hon. Augusta Leigh to John Hanson. March 7

  • 57. Lord Byron to the Hon. Augusta Leigh ...

  • 58. The Hon. Augusta Leigh to Lord Byron

...

...

  • 59. Lady Byron to the Hon. Augusta Leigh ...

60.

Lord Byron to John Hanson.

March 9 ...

...

...

61.

Reference to Sir Samuel Shepherd

  • 62. John Hanson to Sir Samuel Romilly.

...

...

March 18 ...

63.

64.

Lord Byron to John Hanson.

,,

,,

to

,,

,,

March 19

March 21

...

...

65.

Award of Sir Samuel Shepherd.

March 27

...

  • 66. Lady Byron to the Hon. Augusta Leigh ...

...

67.

to

,,

March 26

68.

69.

70.

to

March 27

,,

,,

to the Hon. Mrs. George Lamb. April 1

John Cam Hobhouse to John Hanson.

April 13 ...

71.

72.

73.

Lord Byron to John Hanson.

April 17 ...

...

Lady Byron to the Hon. Augusta Leigh.

Lord Byron's Statement.

Aug. 9, 1817

Sept. 21

...

...

PAGE

317

318

320

320

320

321

322

322

322

322

323

324

325

325

325

326

326

326

327

327

328

328

329

CHAPTER

XIII. Switzerland—Childe Harol d, Canto III.

Prisoner of Chillon—Manfred ...

XIV. Simplon—Milan—Verona

...

...

Appendix I.

"Hibernicus," and "Perry's Paris

Letter"

...

...

...

II. Three Letters from James Hogg,

the Ettrick Shepherd III. Correspondence with Miss Mil-

...

banke, 1813-14

...

...

1. To Miss Milbanke.

2.

,,

,,

>t

Aug.

25, 1813

Sept. 6

...

Sept. 26

...

...

...

...

...

...

330

373

388

392

397

397

399

401

404

4°5

XVI

CONTENTS.

  • 6. To Miss Milbanke.

Nov. 29

...

...

...

7.

,,

Feb. 19, 1814

...

...

  • 8. March 3

,,

...

...

...

  • 9.

 

March 15

...

...

...

Appendix IV. Sir Walter

Scott's Recollec-

 

tions of Byron

...

...

 

V.

Letters from Leigh Hunt

...

 

VI.

Byron, Scott, and Mrs. Henry SlDDONS

...

...

...

VII. Letters of Jane Clairmont to

 

Byron

...

...

...

 

VIII.

Stendhal's Account of Byron at

IX.

Milan A Fragment of a Novel by Byron

...

...

...

PAGE

406

408

408

409

410

416

424

427

438

446

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

Anna Isabella Milbanke, Lady

Byron,

from a Miniature by Charles Hayter,

in the

Possession

of the

Earl of

Lovelace John Murray, from a Painting by H. W.

...

...

...

...

Frontispiece

PlCKERSGILL, R.A., IN THE POSSESSION OF

John Murray, Esq. The Hon. Augusta Ada Byron,

...

...

...

after-

Toface p. 122

wards Countess of Lovelace, from a

Miniature in the Possession of the Earl of Lovelace

...

...

...

John Cam Hobhouse, afterwards

Lord

252

Broughton de Gyfford, from a Minia-

ture by Sir Wm. J. Newton, in the Possession of his Daughter, the Lady Dorchester ...

...

...

...

,,

,,

350

THE

LETTERS OF LORD BYRON.

CHAPTER IX.

January, 1814

May, 18 14.

the corsair and ode to napoleon buonaparte.

  • 380. To John Murray.

Sunday, Jan. 2, 1814.

Dear Sir,

Excuse this dirty paper

it is the pen-

ultimate half-sheet of a quire.

and the L dn .

C/irou., which

Thanks for your books

I return.

The Corsair is

copied, and now at Lord H[ollan]d's; but I wish Mr.

Gifford to have it to-night.

Mr. D[alla]s is very perverse ; so that I have offended

both him and you, when I really meaned to do good, at

least to one, and certainly not to annoy either. 1

But I

I. Byron gave the copyright of The Corsair (begun December

18, finished December 31, 1813, and published in

to Dallas, who thus describes the manner of the gift

"

February, 1814)

"

On the 28th of December, I called in the

Byron, whom I found composing The Corsair.

morning

on Lord

He had been

"working upon it but a

"had written.

" mind I will.'

"

few days, and he read me the portion he

great

After some observations, he said, 'I have a

He then added, that he should finish it soon, and

asked me to accept of the copyright.

I was much surprised.

"He had, before he was aware of the value of his works, declared

VOL. III.

B

  • 2 THE CORSAIR AND ODE TO NAPOLEON.

[CHAP. IX.

shall manage him, I hope.

I am pretty confident of the

tale itself; but one cannot be sure.

H., it shall be sent.

If I get it from Lord

Yours ever, etc.,

B.

381. To John Murray.

[Jan. 1814.]

I will answer your letter this evening ; in the mean

time, it may be sufficient to say, that there was no inten-

tion on my part to annoy you, but merely to serve Dallas, and also to rescue myself from a possible imputation that

/had other objects than fame in writing so frequently.

Whenever I avail myself of any profit arising from my

pen, depend upon it, it is

not for my own convenience ;

at least it never has been so, and I hope never will.

"that he never would take money for them, and that I should have

"

the whole advantage of all he wrote.

This declaration became

" morally void when the question was about thousands, instead of

"a few hundreds; and I perfectly agree with the admired and

"admirable author of Waverley, that 'the wise and good accept

" not gifts which are made in heat of blood, and which may

"be after repented of.' "and observed it to him.

"

'

I felt this on the sale of Childe Harold,

The copyright of The

Giaour and The

Bride 0/

Abydos remained undisposed of, though the poems were

"selling rapidly, nor had I the slightest notion that he would ever

"again give me a copyright.

But as he continued in the resolution

"of not appropriating the sale of his works to his own use, I did

"not scruple to accept that of The Corsair, and I thanked him.

" He asked me to call and hear the portions read as he wrote them.

"

I went every morning, and was astonished at the

rapidity of his

"composition.

He gave me the poem complete on New Year's

"Day,

1814,

saying, that my acceptance of it gave him

great

"pleasure, and that I was fully at liberty to publish it with any

"

bookseller I pleased, independent of the profit." It was this liberty to take the poem to any publisher which

alarmed Murray, who had in 1812 sent Dallas money to release him

from the custody of the bailiffs, and was not on good terms with him.

1814.]

EVERY COMMA AN OBLIGATION.

3

P.S.

I

shall answer this

evening, I thank you for your expressions of

and will set all

right about Dallas.

personal regard which I can assure you I do not lightly

value.

  • 382. To John Murray.

1S14, Jan.

Dear Sir,

If you will look over the loose MSS.

(not Tlie

Corsair MS.) I think you will find there is

another stanza in the song which

I

have inserted

in

Canto 1st ; if so copy, and send it in its right place to

the press with the proof I am now correcting.

Yours truly,

B.

P.S.

You recollect this song was sent some time ago

for Childe Harold.

Correct the punctuation of this by

Mr. G[ifford]'s proof

this must be for

the

press

because I have added and altered.

There were some

sad printer's blunders "

"

"

"

lovely

"

for

"

lonely

" "

life-

less

for

listless," etc., etc.

I wish one could find one

infallible printer.

I shall send the Deds to Mr. Moore

to-morrow

and if I do not insert one of them, depend

upon it you shall have it in a note.

I

shall state my

intentions, your exquisite tory reasons, and

my gentle

compliance.

383.— To John Murray.

1814, Jan. 4.

Dear Sir,

From Mr. G[ifford] every comma is an

obligation for which thank him in my name and behalf.

I am at a loss to guess to what

"

"

retnarks

he alludes

  • 4 THE CORSAIR AND ODE TO NAPOLEON.

[CHAP. IX.

in the note which I retain ; none were in any of y

e

proofs,

and the MS. you sent y e printers without shewing it to

me since.

They are (if any) probably there.

But pray

explain this to Mr. G., and tell him that, of course, I

should have attended to them, and will now if I can find them.

Yours ever,

B N

.

384. To Thomas Ashe.

January 5, 1814.

Sir, When you accuse a stranger of neglect, you

forget that it is possible business or absence from London

may have interfered to delay his answer, as has actually

occurred in

the present

instance.

But

to

the point.

What is the sum you think will be of service to you?

I am willing to do what I can to extricate you from your

situation.

Your first scheme 1 I was considering ;

but

your own impatience appears to have rendered it abor-

tive, if not irretrievable.

I will deposit in Mr. Murray's

hands (with his consent) the sum you mentioned, to be

advanced for the time at ten pounds per month.

P.S.

I write in the greatest hurry, which may make

my letter a little abrupt ; but, as I said before, I have no

wish to distress your feelings.

I. Ashe's first intention had been to go out as a settler to Botany

Bay.

In a letter to John Murray, dated January 21, 1814, and

addressed from the Rainbow Coffee-house, Covent Garden, Ashe

applies for his money.

"I am engaged," he says,

"on a Work

"which will occupy me for about a Month.

After that period I

"shall be happy to assist in any Literary Undertaking of which you may have the Conduct. Although reduced to the State of Beggar

"

"in the Streets, there is no department of Literature, no range of

"Science, but what my pen has visited with Success."

(See also

i8i4-]

merivale's poem.

5

385. To J. H. Merivale. 1

My dear Merivale,

I have

January, 18 14.

redde Roncesvaux

with very great pleasure, and (if I were so disposed) see

very little room for criticism.

lines in one of the last cantos,

There is a choice of two

"

I think

Live and pro-

"tect" better, because "Oh who?" implies a doubt of

Roland's power or inclination.

I would allow the

but

that point you yourself must determine on

I mean the

doubt as to where to place a part of the Poem, whether

between the actions or no.

Only if you wish to have all

the success you deserve, never listen to friends, and

as I

am not the least troublesome of the number

least of all

to me.

  • I hope you will be out soon.

March, sir, March is

t