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SOUTH SEED-LPDH COLLEGE

Name:

Group:

Camacho, Christina R. Gazzingan, Vanessa Pastrana, Mary Rose Grp 1A BSMT 2B

EXPERIMENT #3 Measuring Lengths I. Objectives To obtain manipulative skills in measuring the acceleration of a moving object especially of a metal ball rolling down an inclined plane. To be familiar with the formulas that is needed in computing for acceleration. To emphasize precisions on the observed data from the experiment. To determine the possible factors that will result to errors in doing the experiment. To correlate the knowledge in significant figures in giving a report of the measured and calculated data. II. Materials Inclined plane Small metal ball Meter Stick Digital watch that indicates number of seconds Iron stand Clamp

III.

Procedure 1) Set up the inclined plane at an angle just enough to let the ball roll down in 4 seconds. 2) Place the metal ball at the top of the plane and let it roll down freely. Watch its motion carefully. Is there an increase in its velocity as it goes down the plane? 3) Repeat step 2 and determine the location of the ball at the end of 1.0 second, 2.0 seconds, and 3.0 seconds. Mark these points. 4) Make several trials until you are sure that the position of the ball is marked correctly at the end of each time interval. 5) Measure the total displacement of the ball after 1s,2s, and 3s. compute the acceleration using equation 1. 6) Determine the velocity of the ball at the end of each second using equation 2. Is the motion of the ball uniform accelerated?

IV.

Data and Results Y= Height= 0.14 m X= Length= 1 m A= g sin = 9.8 m/s2 (sin 7.97) = 1.35 m/s2 Theoretical acceleration =1.35 m/s2 Average experimental acceleration = 1.19 m/s2 % Error = 11.85 % Time interval t (s) 1 2 3 Total Displacement d (m) .95 m 1.9 m 2.75 m Acceleration a (m/s2) 1.90 m/s2 .97 m/s2 .69 m/s2 Velocity v (m/s) .95 m/s .97 m/s .97 m/s tan = y/x = 7.97

V= 2.75 m/ 3s =.97 m/s

4. T= 1s d= .95 m A= 2D/t2 V=2(.95)m/ 1s2 = 1.9 m/s2 5. T= 2s d= 1.9 m A= 2D/t2 V=2(1.9)m/ 1s2

= .97 m/s2 6. T= 3s d= 2.75 m A= 2D/t2 V=2(2.75)m/ 1s2 = .69 m/s2

Application

1. Can an objects speed increase if its acceleration decreases? Explain. Yes. As the speed increase the time needed for the acceleration is getting longer. This gives to the result of having a decreasing acceleration.

2. Can an object have constant velocity and still have a varying speed? Explain.

YES, since velocity is a vector quantity and speed is a scalar quantity, velocity has something speed does not: DIRECTION. Thus, an object can travel at the same speed but has a changing direction of movement, and therefore a changing velocity. For instance, a ball on a string moving in a circle at the same speed is constantly changing its velocity, which results in its path of motion.
3. A jumbo jet starting from rest needs to attain a speed of 350 km/h on the runway to take off. Can this plane use a 1 km long if it is to accelerate at the rate of 2.67 m/s2?

GIVEN: D= 1 km = 1000 m A= 2.67 m/s2 Vf= 350 km/ h = 97.22 m/s Solution: Vf2= Vi2 + 2AD Vf2= 0 + 2(2.67 m/s2)(1000 m) = (5.34 m/s2)(1000 m) Vf2 = 5 340 m2/s2 Vf = 5 340 m2/s2

Vf= 103.34 m/s or 372.02 km/h Therefore: The jumbo jet will be able to attain a speed of 350 km/h on the runway to take off if it has a 1 km displacement and an acceleration of 2.67 m/s2.
V. Data Analysis In the activity the acceleration, velocity and displacement of the rolling metal ball in an inclined plane was determined. We were able to calculate them precisely through the given formula. Acceleration is the change of velocity over a period of time the moving object has covered. Velocity is the speed of a moving object with direction. Thus it is said to be a vector quantity, which means it has a magnitude and a direction. While speed is simply the magnitude of a moving object disregarding its direction. The metal ball rolls in an inclined plane which also shows a right angle that gives us the x and y components which was also used in determining the theoretical acceleration of the metal ball to check on with the error at the latter activity. Factors of errors were also sited such as the surface of the inclined plane and the surface of the table. These rise to a greater percentage error since we cannot actually measure the exact distance the ball traveled due to the curved surface of the table that causes the ball to jump everytime it hits a curve. VI. Conclusion At the end of the experiment, we obtain scheming skills of calculating the accelaration of a rolling metal ball in linear motion. Using the given formula and the data we were able to compute for the acceleration. Acceleration of the rolling metal depends on the velocity of the ball as well as with the time it takes to achieve that certain velocity. The vertical and the horizontal distance also varies and affects the velocity of the rolling thus giving us the theoretical acceleration. We also learned that the surface of the linear ground also benefits with the acceleration, the smoother the surface the faster the velocity and acceleration, the more rough it is, it will lead to an increasing velocity yet decreasing acceleration.