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Electrical Safety Standards for LV/MV/HV (Part-1)

March 22, 2013

Electrical Safety Standards for LV/MV/HV (on photo Indonesia's state energy giant - High Voltage Switchyard)

Content
1. Standard: Western Power Company

. Standard: New Zealand Electrical Code

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. Standard: ETSA Utilities

. Standard: UK Power Networks EI 02-0019

1. Standard: Western Power Company


Water Safely Clearance on Electrical Fires
Voltage Minimum distances between a nozzle producing a fog stream of fresh water and a live conductor Up to 750 V 750 V to 15 KV 15 KV to 230 KV 1.5 Meter 4.0 Meter 5.0 Meter

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Minimum
plant.

for Authorized Person

This is the minimum distance that must be maintained by a person, vehicle or mobile

Voltage Up to 1 KV 1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV 11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV

Distance (minimum) 0.7 Meter 0.7 Meter 0.7 Meter 0.7 Meter 1.0 Meter 1.0 Meter 1.2 Meter 1.8 Meter 3.0 Meter

Minimum Approach Distance for Ordinary Person


Voltage Distance (min) Up to 1 KV 1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV 11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter

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33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV

3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.5 Meter 6.0 Meter

Minimum Approach Distance for Vehicle and Plant for Ordinary Person
Voltage Distance (min) Mobile Plant Up to 1 KV 1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV 11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 6.0 Meter Vehicle 0.6 Meter 0.9 Meter 0.9 Meter 0.9 Meter 0.9 Meter 2.1 Meter 2.1 Meter 2.9 Meter 3.4 Meter

2. Standard: New Zealand Electrical Code


Min. Safe Distance between Buildings and
Voltage Pole Tower

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11 kV to 33 kV 33 kV to 66 kV 66 kV and Above

2 Meter 6 Meter 8 Meter

2 Meter 6 Meter 8 Meter

Min. Safe Distance for excavation near Overhead Line


Description of Clearance From Pole (Min) From Tower (min) Excavation in land more than 750mm depth Excavation in land up to750mm depth Excavation in land up to 300mm depth Construction near 11KV to 33KV Line Construction near 33KV to 66KV Line Construction near 66KV and more Wire Fence near 1KV to 66KV Line Wire Fence near 66KV and more 2.2 Meter 5 Meter 2.2 Meter 5 Meter 8 Meter 12 Meter 6 Meter 9 Meter 2.2 Meter 6 Meter 2.2 to 5 Meter 2.2 Meter 6 to12 Meter 6 Meter 8 Meter 12 Meter

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Min. Safe Distance for Tower Carin near Electrical Tower


Description of Clearance Mobile Carin movement Tower Carin movement Carin movement Moving Activity above height of Tower Hedge Cutter movement 4.0 Meter Distance (Min) 4.0 Meter 4.0 Meter 4.0 Meter 4.0 Meter

Min. Safe Vertical Distance above Railway Track


Description of Clearance Earthed conductors Stay wires Conductors up to 33 kV Conductors above 33 kV to 220 kV Conductors above 220 kV. 8 Meter Distance (Min) 5.5 Meter 5.5 Meter 6.5 Meter 7.5 Meter

Min. Distance between two


High Voltage High Distance

on Same Supports

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Circuit

Voltage Circuit

between circuits (min)

Up to 33 KV Up to 33 KV

Up to 1KV More than 1KV

1.0 Meter 1.2 Meter

33 KV to 110 KV 33 KV to 110 KV More than 110 KV

Up to 1KV

1.5 Meter

More than 1KV All

2.0 Meter

2.5 Meter

Min. Distance between two Conductors on Different Supports


High Voltage Circuit Up to 1 KV 1 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 110 KV More than 220 KV 0.6 Meter 1.2 Meter 1.8 Meter 2.4 Meter 2.8 Meter Distance (min)

Min. Safety Distance from Electrical Apparatuses

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Description of Clearance Passage In front of Metal-Clad Switchgear (UP to HV) Passage In rear or side of Metal-Clad Switchgear (UP to HV) Passage at any side of Metal-Clad Switch gear containing Bare conductor (UP to HV)

Distance (min) 1.0 Meter wide 2.5 Height 1.0 Meter wide 2.2 Height 0.8 Meter wide 2.2 Height

Min. Approach Distance for Non-Competent Person near exposed Live Parts
Voltage Below 110 kV 220 kV and above Distance (min) 4.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

Min. Approach Distance for Competent Person near exposed Live Parts
Voltage Below 1 kV 11 kV 22 kV 33 kV 66 kV 110 kV Distance (min) 0.5 Meter 1.5 Meter 2.0 Meter 2.5 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.0 Meter

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220 kV and above

6.0 Meter

3. Standard: ETSA Utilities


Vertical Clearances between Services
Service Common Pipe Gas Pipe Sewer Pipe Water Pipe LV Cable 0.100 Meter 0.200 Meter 0.300 Meter 0.600 Meter HV Cable 0.100 Meter 0.200 Meter 0.300 Meter 0.600 Meter

Horizontal Clearances between Services


Service Common Pipe Gas Pipe Sewer Pipe Water Pipe LV Cable 0.100 Meter 0.200 Meter 1.0 Meter 0.600 Meter HV Cable 0.100 Meter 0.200 Meter 1.0 Meter 0.600 Meter

4. Standard: UK Power Networks EI 02-0019


Cable Installation Depths

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Voltage Low Voltage

Area Footways, grass verges or private property Carriageways (including road crossings) Normal agricultural land (not deep ploughing) Agricultural land subject to deep ploughing

Depth (min) 0.450 Meter

0.600 Meter

1.0 Meter

1.2 Meter

11 KV to 20 KV

Footways, grass verges or private property Carriageways (including road crossings) Normal agricultural land (not deep ploughing) Agricultural land subject to deep ploughing

0.600 Meter

0.750 Meter

1.0 Meter

1.2 Meter

33 KV to 132 KV

Footways, grass verges or private property Carriageways (including road crossings) Normal agricultural land (not deep ploughing) Agricultural land subject to deep ploughing

0.9 Meter

0.9 Meter

1.0 Meter

1.2 Meter

Auxiliary Multi-core & Multi-pair Cables

Footways, grass verges or private property Carriageways (including road crossings) Normal agricultural land (not deep ploughing)

0.450 Meter

0.600 Meter

1.0 Meter

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Agricultural land subject to deep ploughing On Cable Ladder for LV to HV The Horizontal clearance between cables on cable ladders

1.2 Meter

2X Dia of Cable of Largest Cable or min 150 mm

The clearance from a supporting wall The vertical clearance between cables is greater If the number of cables > 4, they are to be installed in a horizontal

20 mm 150 mm

Minimum Approach Distance of Crane or Moving Part from Live Conductor


Voltage Without Safety Observation Un insulated portions Up to 1KV 11 KV 22 KV 33 KV 66 KV 132 KV 220 KV 2 Meter 2 Meter 2.4 Meter 2.4 Meter 2.8 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.8 Meter 1.0 Meter 1.4 Meter 2 Meter 2 Meter 2 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.8 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 6.0 Meter Insulated portions For ordinary Person

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330 KV 500 KV

6.0 Meter 8.0 Meter

6.0 Meter 8.0 Meter

6.0 Meter 8.0 Meter

Minimum Fixed Clearances for Electrical Apparatus (Isolation Points)


Voltage Fixed Clearance Up to 11Kv 11KV to 33KV 33KV to 66KV 66KV to 132KV 0.320 Meter 0.320 Meter 0.630 Meter 1.1 Meter

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