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Small and Medium AC Motors General Information

Large AC

Small and Medium Industrial Motors


PRODUCT ABBREVIATIONS
XT = Extra Tough EM = E-Master (EPAct compliant) EMT = E-Master, Extra Tough XE = Premium Efcient XEC = Premium Efcient Mill & Chemical XEX = Premium Efcient, Extra Tough XP = Explosion Proof E-Z KLEEN Plus = White Washdown IP56

Inverter Duty AC Motors

AGENCY APPROVALS / CERTIFICATIONS / DEFINITIONS This catalog identies each model as it relates to any applicable CSA efciency standard. These efciency standards are as follows:
* Blank = No standard applies * EPAct = Government mandated efciencies * Premium = Highest efciency where EPAct or NEMA Premium do not apply * NEMA Premium = NEMA nominal efciency listing that exceeds EPAct

Canadian Standards Association is the clearinghouse and coordinating body for standards activity on a national level. Products covered by CSA are either Certied or Labeled depending on the standards involved.

NEMA PREMIUM/CEE
RPM AC Inverter Duty

CSA NRTL/C MARK

The Consortium for Energy Efciency (CEE) a non-prot, public-benet corporation helps nd ways that consumers, businesses and manufacturers can save energy. CEE members include electric and gas utilities, public interest groups, research and development organizations, state energy ofces and regional programs. Both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are major partners.
NEMA Premium/ CEE Efciency Table HP RPM Efciency 3600 86.5 89.5 89.5 88.5 89.5 89.5 90.2 91.7 91 90.2 91.7 91 91 92.4 91.7 91 93 91.7 91.7 93.6 93 91.7 93.6 93 200 150 125 100 75 60 50 40 NEMA Premium/ CEE Efciency Table HP RPM Efciency 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 3600 1800 1200 92.4 94.1 94.1 93 94.5 94.1 93.6 95 94.5 93.6 95.4 94.5 94.1 95.4 95 95 95.4 95 95 95.8 95.8 95.4 96.2 95.8

Hazardous Location Report: LR 6771, LR 19467, LR 46877, LR 53258, LR60344 Ordinary Location Report: LR 7861, LR 40567, LR52580, LR 62409 This monogram indicates the product complies with both USA (UL) and CSA standards. This marking should be accepted by all localities in the USA and Canada. Division II atmosphere is normally not explosive, but under unusual conditions can become explosive. Reliance has a dened Division II product line and received CSA certication on the following: 180T - 449T AC 1080T - 9600 AC 169AT - 1610AT DC 7MG - 80MG The standard Division II enclosure is TEFC-XT. However, other enclosures are available. Consult the Motor Technical Reference (MTR) on the Web at http://www.reliance.com/mtr for more information.

RPM XL Small DC Motors

1800 1200 3600

1800 1200 3600

7.5

1800 1200 3600

10

1800 1200 3600

C390

RPM III Medium DC Motors

15

1800 1200 3600

C390 is the Canadian efciency equivalent of EPAct. File number: EEV79350 Requires at least an EPAct electrical design motor to meet C390.

20

1800 1200 3600

25

1800 1200 3600

30

1800 1200

General Information

CEE coordinates market research, facilitates the exchange of information and provides interface with national manufacturers, such as Reliance Electric by establishing specications for energy-efcient products and services. The tables above can be used to determine which Reliance Electric motors meet or exceed the NEMA Premium/CEE specications.

M-264

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information CENELEC


The European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization denes compliance standards for CE mark required on motors shipping to Europe. This mark signies the motor complies with all applicable European Directives. REL-4496-001 (Kings Mountain DC Motors) REL-0296-001 (AC Induction Motors) REL-4596-001 (Gainesville DC Motors) For hazardous locations in Europe or for ATEX certication or EX mark or ame proof enclosure, contact your local Rockwell Automation sales representative.

ISO 9000 Certication

Large AC

Reliance Electrics continued commitment to quality and worldwide acceptance is evidenced by the Madison, IN, Athens, GA, Gainesville, GA, Kings Mountain, NC and Stratford, Ontario motor plants certication to the ISO 9001 international quality standard. Many of Reliances other locations are also ISO 9000 certied. Please contact your local Reliance representative for additional information on the ISO 9000 standards and Reliance compliance.

NEC

National Electrical Code is an ASA Standard NFPA-70 sponsored by the National Fire Protection Association for the purpose of safeguarding persons and buildings from electrical hazard arising from the use of electricity for light, heat, power, and other purposes.

Inverter Duty AC Motors

Compliance Certication (CC049A and CC019A) Numbers

NEMA

This symbol and certication numbers indicate that certain Reliance Electric model numbers meet or exceed the energy efciency requirements contained in title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 431 (10 CFR Part 431), Energy Conservation Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment and Part C of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 6311 et seq. Reliance motors covered by the certication (Emaster , EM and premium efcient, XE) are footnoted in the catalog with CC049A and CC019A compliance certication numbers.

National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Standards are voluntary standards that represent general practices in the industry. They dene a product, process or procedure with reference to nomenclature, composition, construction, dimensions, tolerances, operating characteristics, performance, quality, rating and testing. Specically, they cover such matters as frame sizes, torque classications, and basis of rating.

RPM AC Inverter Duty

NRCAN Natural Resources Canada

Basic guidelines:
1-200 hp (.75-150 kw) Open, Enclosed, or Explosion Proof 2, 4, or 6 pole (single speed) Continuous duty Squirrel cage rotor (NEMA) or cage rotor (IEC) Foot mounted, including foot mounted with anges or detachable feet NEMA T frame or IEC metric equivalent NEMA Design A or B, IEC Design N 60 hz 230 or 460 volt or both These are general guidelines and not intended to be used as the nal determination of compliance. For specic questions pertaining to this compliance, please contact your Rockwell Automation sales representative.

For Canadian customers, NRCAN regulations require registration and energy efciency reporting of certain 1-200HP and 0.75-150KW rated motors. The following Reliance website address will lead to the NRCAN website and Reliance forms for both NEMA and IEC motors as well as UMI codes. The address is www.reliance.com/mtr/ orgreg.htm. Just click on NRCAN from the column on the left side of this website page.

UL & UR

RPM XL Small DC Motors

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. is chartered as a non-prot organization to establish, maintain, and operate laboratories for the examination and testing of devices, systems, and materials. The UL presently publishes more than 250 Standards for Safety for materials, devices, constructions and methods. UL also undertakes numerous research projects in areas of safety.

Frames/Description 48 - 140T 182T - 9500 AC 180AT - 500AT DC Thermal Protectors Motor Components Insulation Materials Conduit Boxes Hermetic

Environment Hazardous Hazardous Hazardous Recognized Recognized Recognized Hazardous Recognized

File Number E6881 E10822 E10822 E22031 E54825 E39972 E30225, E40711 SA5484 RPM III Medium DC Motors

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers is a Technical Organization that publishes various recommended practices, which have been adopted as Industry Standards. Recommended practices do not require approval action or special testing. Reliance Electric may furnish specialized equipment in accordance with this specication.

Division I atmosphere is considered potentially explosive under normal conditions. For hazardous locations in Europe or for ATEX certication or EX mark or ame proof enclosure, contact your local Rockwell Automation sales representative.
General Information

M-265

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information


Large AC Inverter Duty AC Motors

Temperature Codes (T Codes)

NEC requires explosion-proof motors to indicate the maximum operating surface temperature. A T Code is used as the temperature identication value and it is taken from the National Electric Code. The T Code is based on the minimum ignition temperature of the substances to be found in the hazardous location. (Ignition temperature is when substance will start to burn or explode) The code, when marked on a motor nameplate, represents the highest temperature that could be obtained on the motor surface under any normal or abnormal operating conditions including locked rotor, single phasing or overloading, and is chosen to be below the ignition temperature of the substance in the hazardous area. The T Code designations apply to motors and other types of electrical equipment subject to hazardous location classication. For further information, consult the Motor Technical Reference (MTR) on the Web at http:// www.reliance.com/mtr.

CANCELLATION CHARGES Non-Stock Motors


RPM AC Inverter Duty

A minimum charge of $100 will apply to any order cancellation. Cancellation charges for orders received and entered on the manufacturing facility will be determined based on cost incurred. Completion of order includes consideration of the following: order edit and acknowledgment capacity allocation engineering and specication material commitment (raw, nished, and purchased) Completion progress to be determined by producing plant customer service.

Stock Motors

No cancellation charges are incurred if order is cancelled prior to shipment. Motor is returnable or order may be cancelled for a restocking/ cancellation charge of $100 plus 10% of the net motor price.

RPM XL Small DC Motors General Information RPM III Medium DC Motors

FREIGHT POLICY
For complete information, refer to appropriate discount sheet. (MA 2002-2, RAPS-527-3, RAPS-528-3, RAPS-529-4, RAPS-530-3)

M-266

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information LIMITED WARRANTY POLICY


All RELIANCE Brand Products are warranted against defects in workmanship and materials. Most are covered for 12 months from date of installation or 18 months from date of manufacture, whichever occurs rst. Some products carry a longer warranty period.
Warranty Period* Product Type Standard efcient motors E-Master motors (EPAct) Premium efcient motors (XE/XEX) 841 XL motors (IEEE-841) Large AC Motors Liberator DC Motors RPM AC & V*S Master Motors Standard Drives From Installation Date 12 months 12 months 24 months 48 months 12 months 24 months 12 months 24 months 12 months From Date of Manufacture 24 months 24 months 36 months 60 months 18 months 36 months 24 months 36 months 24 months Large AC

Rockwell Automation under either option shall have the right to require the Buyer to deliver the apparatus for this purpose to its designated service center or manufacturing facility and the Buyer shall pay all charges for in-bound and out-bound transportation and for services of any kind, diagnostic or otherwise, excepting only direct and actual costs of apparatus repair or replacement as provided above. Rockwell Automation is not responsible for incidental or consequential charges to include, but not limited to, removal, installation, downtime, etc. This limited warranty does not apply to normal wear items or any product which has been subject to misuse, misapplication, neglect (including without limitation, inadequate maintenance or failure on the part of the Buyer to ensure proper storage), accident or improper installation, modication, adjustment, or repair. This constitutes Rockwell Automations only warranty in connection with this sale. THE ABOVE WARRANTIES ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES WHETHER EXPRESSED, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE, OR PERFORMANCE OR APPLICATION WARRANTIES, AND EXTEND ONLY TO CUSTOMERS PURCHASING FROM SELLER OR ITS APPOINTED DISTRIBUTOR. No employee, agent, dealer or other person is authorized to give any warranties on behalf of Rockwell Automation nor to assume for Rockwell Automation any other liability in connection with any of its Products, unless otherwise agreed in writing by Rockwell Automations Headquarters.

Inverter Duty AC Motors

*Whichever warranty period occurs rst If within the warranty period, Rockwell Automation receives from the Buyer written notice of any alleged defects in any such Product and if the apparatus is not found to be in conformity with this warranty (the Buyer having provided Rockwell Automation a reasonable opportunity to perform any appropriate tests thereon) Rockwell Automation will, at its option, either repair the same or supply a replacement therefor.

RPM AC Inverter Duty RPM XL Small DC Motors RPM III Medium DC Motors General Information

M-267

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information


Large AC

Motor Selection and Application


Safety
Totally Enclosed Air-Over - Exterior surface cooled by a ventilating means external to the motor. Customer must provide sufcient air ow to cool motor. Additional protection for motors used in extremely dirty or humid conditions is offered by Reliance mill and chemical duty (XT) features.

The use of electric motors, like that of all other utilization of concentrated power, is potentially hazardous. The degree of hazard can be greatly reduced by proper design, selection, installation and use, but hazards cannot be completely eliminated.
Inverter Duty AC Motors

Some of the factors that must be considered for the safe application of motors are as follows: 1. Enclosure 2. Service conditions 3. Proper matching of the motor to the load 4. Proper sizing and connection to an inverter by qualied technicians Information on these factors is presented in this section.

(IP) Classication of Enclosures

The classication system consists of the letters IP (Ingress protection) followed by two numbers. The rst number indicates the degree of protection against entry of solid material into the enclosure. The second number indicates the degree of protection against entry of liquids.
Table 1: Degree of protection against solid material and personal injury indicated by the 1st numberal Numberal Denition No special protection of persons against accidental or inadvertent contact 0 with live or moving parts or against the ingress of solid material Protection against accidental inadvertent contact with live or moving parts 1 by large surface of a body such as a hand or similar object exceeding 50 mm Protection against accidental or inadvertent contact with live or moving 2 parts by a nger or similar object exceeding 12 mm Entry prevented of tools, wires or other solid objects of a diameter or thick3 ness greater than 2.5 mm Entry prevented of wires, strips or solid objects of a diameter or thickness 4 greater than 1.0 mm Complete protection against contact with live or moving parts inside the 5 enclosure. The entry of dust is not totally prevented, but dust cannot enter in sufcient quantity to interfere with the satisfactory operation of the motor No ingress of dust. Per IEC 34-5 this degree of protection is not applicable 6 to rotating equipment such as motors and generators but applicable to electrical enclosures Table 2: Degree of protection of motors against the harmful ingress of water by the 2nd numberal Numberal Denition 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 No special protection Vertically falling drops Drops falling at any angle up to 15 off of vertical Spray at any angle up to 60 off of vertical Splashed from any direction Projected by nozzle from any direction has no harmful effect Water from heavy seas or projected from powerful water jets has no harmful effect Entry of water in a harmful quantity is prevented when the unit is immersed in water under stated conditions of pressure and time Immersed under water specied pressure for an indenite time

Enclosure
RPM AC Inverter Duty RPM XL Small DC Motors RPM III Medium DC Motors

The selection of the proper enclosure is vital to the successful safe operation of AC motors. Machine performance and life can be materially reduced by using an enclosure inappropriate for the application. The customer must recognize the specic environmental conditions and specify the correct enclosure. Reliance Electric can provide application assistance, but must depend on the customer to provide accurate information on the operating conditions. Reliance Electric offers motors in the following enclosures: Open Drip-Proof Totally Enclosed (Non-Ventilated, Fan Cooled, Air Over) Explosion Proof Dust Ignition Proof

Open Drip-Proof Motor (ODP)

An ODP motor is an open machine having all openings limited in size to prevent accidental contact with hazardous parts. Internal parts are protected from drip, splash and falling objects on all horizontal and vertical mounted motors. ODP motors are suitable for general industrial use in indoor locations with relatively clean atmospheres.

Totally Enclosed Motor

A totally enclosed motor is one so enclosed as to prevent the free exchange of air between the inside and the outside of the case but not sufciently enclosed to be termed air-tight. Totally enclosed motors are suitable for use in dusty dirty locations and in humid environments. Totally Enclosed Non-Ventilated - Not equipped for cooling by means external to the enclosing parts. Generally limited to low horsepower ratings or short-time rated motors. Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled - Exterior surface cooled by external fan on motor shaft. Motor cooling is dependent on motor speed.

Example - IP54 is met by adding XT features to any totally enclosed motor. TEFC-XT, TEFC-XEC and TEFC-XEX all meet the requirements of IP-54.

General Information

M-268

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information Abbreviations for Enclosure Types
DPG - Drip-Proof Guarded DPG-FV - Drip-Proof Guarded - Force Vent DPSV - Drip-Proof, Separately Vented FC - Fan Cooled FCXP - Fan Cooled, Explosion Proof IP-22 - Open Drip-Proof (IEC Standard) IP-23 - Splash Proof (IEC Standard) IP-44 - Totally Enclosed (IEC Standard) IP-54 - Splash Proof (IEC Standard) IP-55 - Washdown (IEC Standard) NV - Non-Ventilated NVXP - Non-Ventilated, Explosion Proof ODP - Open Drip-Proof SPG - Splash Proof Guarded TEAO - Totally Enclosed, Air Over TEBC - Totally Enclosed, Blower Cooled TEDC-AA - Totally Enclosed, Dual Cooled, Air to Air TEDC-AW - Totally Enclosed, Dual Cooled, Air to Water TEFC - Totally Enclosed, Fan Cooled TENV - Totally Enclosed, Non-Ventilated WPI - Weather Protected, Type I WPII - Weather Protected, Type II

ATTENTION: Misapplication of a motor in a hazardous environment can cause a re or an explosion and result in serious injury. Only the end user and/or insurance underwriter are qualied to identify the appropriate class(es), group(s), division and temperature code. Reliance Personnel should not render any assistance in identifying the type of environment

Large AC Inverter Duty AC Motors

For hazardous locations in Europe or for ATEX certication or EX mark or ame proof enclosure, contact your local Rockwell Automation sales representative.

Service Conditions

Standard motors listed in this catalog are designed to operate under the following service conditions. Service conditions exceeding these conditions may require special motor selection or re-rating of standard motors. Altitude - Sea Level to 3300 feet. Ambient Temperature - -25 C to 40 C. Mounting - The standard motors listed in this catalog are either foot mounted or have a C-face as indicated on the price pages. The motor must be mounted on a rigid mounting surface for satisfactory operation. Installation - Motor must be in areas or in supplementary enclosures which do not seriously interfere with the ventilation of the motor.

RPM AC Inverter Duty

Explosion Proof and Dust Ignition Proof Motors For Hazardous Locations

Power Supply

Explosion Proof - An Explosion Proof motor is a totally enclosed machine designed to operate safely in an environment in which ammable gas or vapor is present. This is accomplished by limiting the external surface temperature of the motor below the ignition temperature of the hazardous gas or vapor surrounding the motor. Hence it is very important that the end user order a motor with the proper temperature code. Also the enclosure is designed to contain an explosion on the inside of the motor which may be caused by arcing, sparking, or abnormal heat. A ame caused by such an explosion will not propagate the motor ts and ignite the gas or vapor surrounding the motor. An explosion proof motor is suitable for operation in Class I hazardous environment. Dust Ignition Proof - A Dust Ignition Proof motor is a totally enclosed machine designed to operate safely in a ammable dust environment. The motor enclosure prevents the admittance of dust inside the motor. Also the motor is designed to operate cool enough so as not to ignite any dust which might accumulate on the external surface of the motor. Should the motor become blanketed with dust and reduce its normal cooling, winding thermostats will take the motor off line before the motors external surface temperature reaches the ignition temperature of the hazardous dust. A dust-ignition-proof motor is suitable for operation in a Class II hazardous location. The specic dust or gas present in the hazardous location is identied by the group listing for each Class. Certain Reliance Electric AC motors are listed for use in Class I Groups C and D and Class II Groups E, F and G locations depending on the horsepower rating, frame size and enclosure as indicated on the price pages. The user customer is responsible for insuring that the proper UL listed motor is used in a specic hazardous location.

Phase - Motors are designed for either single-phase or three-phase operation as indicated on the price pages. Single-phase motors may be operated on one-phase of a three-phase power supply with the rated voltage. Operation of a three-phase motor on a single-phase supply will result in motor damage.

RPM XL Small DC Motors

Voltage

Single Phase Motors - standard voltages are 115/230. Three Phase Motors - standard voltage are 190/380, 200, 200/400, 230/460, 208-230/460, 460 and 575 as indicated on the price pages. Specic Denite Purpose motors may have other voltages indicated. Motors rated at 230 or 230/460 volts will operate on a 208 volt supply except that starting and peak running torques at 208 volts will be 20-25% less than at the 230 volt rating. Motors nameplated 208230/460 will operate satisfactorily at 208 volts. Voltage Variation - In accordance with NEMA standards, Reliance motors will operate with +10% variation in rated voltage with rated frequency. Performance within this voltage variation will not necessarily be in accordance with performance at rated voltage. Dual Voltage Motors are easily reconnectable by referring to the information on the motor nameplate. Frequency - Motors are designed for operation on 50 or 60 Hz as specied on the price pages. Many motors designed for operation on 60 Hz power may be operated on 50 Hz power of a lower voltage rating with resulting decrease in speed and horsepower. Refer to Reliance Electric for details. In accordance with NEMA standards Reliance Motors will operate with +5% variation in rated frequency with rated voltage. Performance with this frequency variation will not necessarily be in accordance with performance at rated frequency.

RPM III Medium DC Motors General Information

M-269

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information


Large AC

Insulation Class & Temperature Rise

Motor Insulation systems are classied by the maximum total temperature at which the system can be operated without adversely affecting design life. This maximum total temperature has three components. Ambient Temperature = The temperature of the atmosphere in which the motor is operated. 40 C is considered a standard for design purposes.

Torque/NEMA Design Classes

The full load torque of a motor is expressed as follows: Full load torque (ft. lbs) = HP x 5250 Full load speed (rpm)

Inverter Duty AC Motors

Temperature Rise = The number of degrees which the insulated motor windings heat up during motor operation Hot Spot Allowance= The value that takes into account the additional temperature variations within the inaccessible spots of a motor winding. these spots are located in the stator slots or coil heads. 10 C is considered a standard for design purposes. Four classes of insulation systems are used in motors. In general, the temperature values are as follows:
Insulation Class A B F H Max Total Temperature @ 1.0 sf 105 C 130 C 155 C 180 C = = = = Components of Max Total Temp. Temperature Hot Spot Ambient Rise Allowance 40 C 55 C 10 C 40 C 40 C 40 C 80 C 105 C 130 C 10 C 10 C 10 C

Since different loads present different torque requirements at starting (breakaway), minimum (pull-up), breakdown (pull-out) and full load, the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has dened four standard design classes A,B,C and D of squirrel cage polyphase induction motors. These design classes are summarized in Table I.
Table I. Characteristics of NEMA design classes for squirrel-cage polyphase induction motors NEMA Starting Starting Breakdown Full Load Typical Applications Design Torque Current Torque Slip A Normal High High Low Mach. Tools, Fans B C D Normal High Very High Normal Normal Low Normal Normal Normal Normal High General Industrial Loaded Compressor, Loaded Conveyor Punch Press or Hoists

RPM AC Inverter Duty

The general torque/speed relationship with the four torque points dened is shown in Figure 1. The NEMA design class is indicated on each price page in this catalog. Most motors are Design B with a few Design A, C & D. For motors having different characteristics than listed, contact Reliance Electric.

Speed/Slip

The synchronous speed of an AC motor is as follows Synchronous Speed (rpm) = 120 x Power Supply Frequency (HZ) Number of Poles

Proper Matching of the Motors to the Load


RPM XL Small DC Motors

General information on the torque/speed characteristics of the various NEMA design classes is given under TORQUE/NEMA DESIGN CLASSES on the following page. The equipment manufacturer and/or user is responsible for selecting the correct motor rating to drive the load.

The number of poles is a function of motor design. Standard 60 Hz motors are available with synchronous speeds of 3600, 1800, 1200 or 900 rpm. The actual operating speed of an AC induction motor is determined by the synchronous speed and the slip. Slip is the difference between the speed of the rotating magnetic eld (which is always synchronous) and the rotor speed. Slip generally increases with an increase in motor torque; therefore, actual operating speed generally decreases with an increase in the driven load torque. Figure 1- General Speed/Torque relationship for squirrel-cage polyphase induction motors. Motor torque is dened at four points as shown. 1. Breakaway or starting 2. Minimum or pull-up 3. Breakdown or pull-out 4. Full load

RPM III Medium DC Motors

General Information

Service Factor

The service factor of a motor is a multiplier which, when applied to the rated horsepower, indicates a permissible horsepower loading which may be carried under the conditions specied for the service factor.

M-270

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information

Evaluating Motor Efciency


ANALYZE, COMPARE AND CALCULATE YOUR ENERGY SAVINGS
The graphs below show how the Duty Master XE motor efciency and watts loss curves compare to standard industrial averages. The table below shows the results of these comparisons in terms of annual energy savings. As you can see, a 150 HP XE motor could save you $2,831 a year in power costs over standard 150 HP designs, based on electrical costs of $.08 per kilowatt hour and 7200 hours of full load operation per year. The table also shows comparable savings for other motors in the XE motor line. Your actual savings may vary, depending on the electrical rates, load conditions and annual operating hours of your application. In the long term, the decision to invest in an energy efcient Duty Master XE motor depends on the energy savings it can provide. Actual energy savings depend upon many variables including operating hours, cost of power, duty cycles, and line voltages to name a few. Tax rates and the future cost of money will also inuence the decision.

Large AC

Motor Efciency

Inverter Duty AC Motors

Motor Watts Loss


4-pole, 1800 RPM TEFC Designs

However, a very simple energy savings calculation can be made to estimate the yearly energy savings with an XE motor.

Simple Energy Savings Calculation

This simple payback analysis will assume constant full load operation. Note that this calculation ignores the effects of taxes and the time value of money. Later, well take partial load and variable duty cycles into account. Information you need to know. HP = Motor full load horsepower

RPM AC Inverter Duty

Annual Savings

Hrs/Yr = Number of hours per year the motor is in operation $/KWH = Cost of electricity in dollars per kilowatt hour XE Eff = XE motor efciency STD Eff = Standard motor efciency If actual motor efciency is unknown, a Reliance sales engineer can help you estimate standard motor efciencies. First, calculate the kilowatts saved by using the XE motor: Kilowatts Saved = HP x.746
RPM XL Small DC Motors

Based on $.08 per kilowatt hour, 7200 hours of full load operation per year. Duty Master XE TEFC Motors and Industry Averages - 4-pole, 1800 RPM Designs.
HP 1 1 1/2 2 3 5 7 1/2 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300 XE NOMINAL EFF. 86.5 87.5 87.5 89.5 90.2 91.7 91.7 92.4 93 93.6 93.6 94.1 94.5 95 95.4 95.4 95.8 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.5 IND. AVE. EFF. 76.5 78.5 80.8 79.9 83.1 83.8 85 86.5 87.5 88 88.1 89.4 90.4 90.3 90.8 91.6 91.8 92.3 93.3 93.6 93.8 WATTS SAVED 113 147 141 300 353 575 641 826 1008 1268 1493 1667 1790 2452 2971 3244 4241 4915 4821 5385 6676 MONEY SAVED $65 84 81 173 204 331 369 476 581 730 860 960 1,031 1,413 1,711 1,869 2,443 2,831 2,777 3,102 3,845

1 STDEFF

1 XEEFF

Then, calculate the yearly energy savings: Yearly Savings = Kilowatts Saved x Hrs/Yr x $/KWH

RPM III Medium DC Motors General Information

M-271

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information


Large AC

Example
Assume that a 25 horsepower motor is going to operate for three 8-hour shifts per day, on a 6-day work week, for 50 weeks per year. Thus, total hours per year are 7200. Also, assume the cost of electricity at $.08 per kilowatt hour. The savings, using the XE motor with an efciency of 93%, compared to the 88% which is the industry average for a standard efcient motor, is calculated as follows Kilowatts Saved = HP x .746

Useful Formulas
Electrical
Single Phase Three Phase Amperes when horsepower HP x 746 HP x 746 is known E x Eff x pf 1.73 x E x Eff x pf Amperes when kilowatts are Kw x 1000 Kw x 1000 known E x pf 1.73 x E x pf Kva x 1000 Kva x 1000 Amperes when kva are known E 1.73 x E I x E x pf 1.73 x I x E x pf Kilowatts 1000 1000 IxE 1.73 x I x E Kva 1000 1000 Horsepower = I x E x Eff x pf 1.73 x I x E x Eff x pf (Output) 746 746 I = Amperes: E = Volts; Eff = Efciency; pf = Power factor; Kva = Kilovolt-amperes; Kw = Kilowatts To Find Alternating Current

1 STDEFF 1 .880

1 XEEFF 1 .930

Inverter Duty AC Motors

= 25 x .746

= 1.139 Kilowatts Saved Yearly Savings = Kilowatts Saved x Hrs/Yr x $/KWH = 1.139 x 7200 x .08 = $656.36

HP/Torque/Speed
For Rotary Objects Torque in Lb. ft =
HP x 5250 rpm Torque x rpm 5250

HP=

RPM AC Inverter Duty

n this case, the yearly savings is $656.36. In other words, if you wanted a one-year payback on your investment, you could afford to spend $656 more for the XE energy efcient motor than for a standard efcient motor.

For Objects In Linear Motion HP =


FV 33,000

Where F = Force (lbs.) V = Velocity (FPM)

Duty Cycles

Speed
RPM=
120 Frequency No. of Poles

RPM XL Small DC Motors

Many people question the energy savings of partial load or variable duty cycle applications. The energy saving equations are the same. However, when evaluating a partial load operation, remember to use the horsepower, efciency, and appropriate hours of operation at the desired load point. A variable duty cycle calculation is simply the summation of several partial load calculations.

Inertia Loads
t= t=
WK2 x rpm 308 x T WK x rpm 308 x T
2

Additional Savings

WK2 = Inertia in lb. ft2 t = accelerating time in sec. T = Avg. accelerating torque lb. ft

RPM III Medium DC Motors

This payback analysis also does not take into account many additional savings you should consider. Longer motor life as a result of cooler operating temperatures Additional cost savings from improved power factor Improved partial load efciencies of the XE motor Improved reliability with a more forgiving electrical design Quieter operation Greater exibility for use on adjustable frequency power supplies This is why so many companies specify Reliance Duty Master XE energy efcient motors for all their applications.

Inertia reected to motor = Load inertia

Load rpm Motor rpm

Temperature Conversion - Centigrade/ Fahrenheit


C -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 F -22 -4 14 32 50 68 86 104 C 50 55 60 70 75 80 85 90 F 122 131 140 158 167 176 185 194 C 95 100 110 115 130 150 180 200 F 203 212 230 239 266 302 356 392

Temp.. F = (9/5 Temp. C) +32 Temp. C = 5/9 (Temp. F - 32

General Information

M-272

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information

Industrial AC Motors Capabilities(5)


General Purpose Motors PRODUCT NAME SABRE (TEFC & ODP) Frames 56 to 140T 180T to 215T 254T to 286T 180T to 215T 254T to 365T 404T to 449T EPAct Efciency PRODUCT NAME Extra Tough (XT) (EPACT) Torque Max (EPACT) Automotive Duty Open Drip Proof (EPACT) Brake Motor (EPACT) Variable Freq. Brake Motor (EPACT) Frames 56 to 140T 180T to 445T 447T to 449T 56 180T to 449T Premium Efcient Motors Frames 56 to 140T 180T to 210T 250T to 445T 447T to 449T 180T to 449T 180T to 445T VT 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz VT 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz VT 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz CT 15 to 60 HZ 30 to 60 Hz 30 to 60 Hz 30 to 60 Hz 30 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 HZ CT 15 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 HZ 6 to 60 HZ 30 to 60 Hz CT 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 Hz 30 to 60 Hz* 30 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 Hz (see note 3) (see note 3) NOTES (see note 4) (see note 1) (see note 1)

Large AC

CALIBRE

Inverter Duty AC Motors

NOTES (see note 4) (see notes 2 & 6) (see note 6) (see note 6) NOTES

PRODUCT NAME Totally Enclosed (XE) Extra Tough (XEX) Exceeds IEEE841(841XL) Mining Industry Motor Open Drip Proof (XE) Automotive Duty (XE) 661XL Variable Freq. Brake Motor (XE) Vertical P-Base (XEX) XE TENV Classic

RPM AC Inverter Duty

* NOTE: CT speed range is good for motor sizes up to: 350HP - 2 pole, 300HP - 4 pole, and 200HP - 6 pole. Other Motor Products PRODUCT NAME EZ Kleen Plus (EZ+) Variable Freq. Washdown Brake Motor (EZ+) High Cycle Brake Motor Metre 1 Synchronous Permanent Magnet Synchronous Reluctance RPMAC, Vector Motor, Vector Washdown Motor Low Voltage Inverter Duty Explosion Proof Inverter Duty Submersible Ultra Kleen Frames 56 to 140T 180 to 256T 56 to 140T D80 to D280M 56,140T,180T 56 to 140T 56 to 180T 56 to 140T 56 to 140T 180 to 440 VT 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 0 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz CT 15 to 60 Hz 30 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 Hz 15 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 0 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz 6 to 60 Hz N/A TENV or TEBC NOTES (see note 4) (see note 1) RPM XL Small DC Motors

Application Information

RPM III Medium DC Motors

These motors exceed the insulation requirements described in NEMA MG1-1998, Part 31, Section IV, for Denite Purpose, Inverter-Fed Polyphase motors. Notes: 3. CT: 6 to 60 Hz with fan change. Fan change not available on non1. Specic motor ratings may in fact be capable of greater frequency NAFTA motors. range for Constant Torque applications. If required, contact Rockwell Automation Sales Engineers representing DODGE and Reliance 4. CT: TEFC 15-60 Hz, TENV 6-60 Hz Electric brands of products. 5. Products may not be available in all frame sizes shown 2. CT:30-60 Hz with fan change. Fan change not available on non6. SABRE stock 575V are not suitable for use on inverter. Use XE NAFTA motors. motors or EM. Proper installation of the inverter and motor with the drive tuned to the motor for a specic application is critical to maintaining optimal equipment performance. Personnel trained in the operation and commissioning of inverters should be utilized so that operating parameters (such as power lead lengths, and voltage at the motor terminals) and all applicable electrical codes and regulations are considered. In most applications, Reliance recommends the use of voltage lter devices (such as Allen Bradleys Terminator) which will limit any potentially damaging voltage spikes.

General Information

M-273

General Information

RPM III Medium DC Motors

RPM XL Small DC Motors

RPM AC Inverter Duty

Inverter Duty AC Motors

Large AC

M-274

Small and Medium AC Motors General Information