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Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Measurement report UMTS and LTE


Measurement report 3G Two types of Measurement reporting is possible in 3G 1. Periodic 2. Event triggered Measurement reporting parameters for both Periodic and Event triggered are set through system information. Measurement report is send by the UE if a specific condition fulfilled. To set the reporting condition, parameters are set in the system information 11 for idle state and system information 12 for connected state. If the parameters are not set in system information, it could be send through Measurement control. Following are the different measurement reporting that UE can Perform:1. Intra-frequency measurements: Parameter: - CPICH Ec/No, CPICH RSCP, pathloss Event 1a: A Primary CPICH enters the reporting range Event 1b: A Primary CPICH leaves the reporting range Event 1c: A non-active primary CPICH becomes better than an active primary CPICH Event 1d: Change of best cell Event 1e: A Primary CPICH becomes better than an absolute threshold Event 1f: A Primary CPICH becomes worse than an absolute threshold

2. Inter-frequency measurements: Parameter :- CPICH Ec/No, CPICH RSCP Event 2a: Change of best frequency Event 2b: The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is below a certain threshold and the estimated quality of a non-used frequency is above a certain threshold. Event 2c: The estimated quality of a non-used frequency is above a certain threshold Event 2d: The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is below a certain

threshold Event 2e: The estimated quality of a non-used frequency is below a certain threshold Event 2f: The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is above a certain threshold

3. Inter-RAT measurements: Parameter: - GSM carrier RSSI Event 3a: The estimated quality of the currently used UTRAN frequency is below a certain threshold and the estimated quality of the other system is above a certain threshold. Event 3b: The estimated quality of other system is below a certain threshold Event 3c: The estimated quality of other system is above a certain threshold Event 3d: Change of best cell in other system 4. Traffic Volume Measurements Parameter: - total buffer occupancy (BO) of RLC buffer, average of BOs, variance of BOs Event 4a: Transport Channel Traffic Volume becomes larger than an absolute threshold Event 4b: Transport Channel Traffic Volume becomes smaller than an absolute threshold

5. Quality measurements: Parameter: - BLER (transport channel block error rate) Event 5a: A predefined number of bad CRCs are exceeded 6. UE internal measurements: Parameter: - UTRA carrier RRSI (intra or interfrequency), UE Transmitted power, UE Rx-Tx Time difference Event 6a: The UE Tx power becomes larger than an absolute threshold Event 6b: The UE Tx power becomes less than an absolute threshold Event 6c: The UE Tx power reaches its minimum value

Event 6d: The UE Tx power reaches its maximum value Event 6e: The UE RSSI reaches the UE's dynamic receiver range Event 6f: (FDD) The UE Rx-Tx time difference for a RL included in the active set becomes larger than an absolute threshold (1.28 Mcps TDD): The time difference indicated by TADV becomes larger than an absolute threshold Event 6g: The UE Rx-Tx time difference for a RL included in the active set becomes less than an absolute threshold 7. Positioning measurements: Parameter: - UE GPS timing, Synchronization measurements SFN-SFN, SFNCFN, GSM carrier observed time difference Event 7a: The UE position changes more than an absolute threshold Event 7b: SFN-SFN measurement changes more than an absolute threshold Event 7c: GPS time and SFN time have drifted apart more than an absolute threshold Event 7d: GANSS time and SFN time have drifted apart more than an absolute threshold Measurement reports in LTE 1. Event A1 (Serving becomes better than threshold) 2. Event A2 (Serving becomes worse than threshold) 3. Event A3 (Neighbor becomes offset better than serving) 4. Event A4 (Neighbor becomes better than threshold) 5. Event A5 (Serving becomes worse than threshold1 and neighbor becomes better than threshold2) 6. Event B1 (Inter RAT neighbor becomes better than threshold) 7. Event B2 (Serving becomes worse than threshold1 and inter RAT neighbor becomes better than threshold2)

Measurement report UMTS and LTE comparison


LTE Measurement Events and Description Event A1 - Serving becomes better than threshold UMTS Measurement Events and Description e2f - The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is above a certain threshold Comments In LTE this may be used to stop looking for a cell on a different frequency or technology, as e2f is used in UMTS. In LTE this may be used to

Event A2 - Serving

e2d - The estimated quality of

becomes worse than threshold

the currently used frequency is start looking for a cell on a below a certain threshold different frequency or technology, as e2d is used in UMTS. Event A3 - Neighbor e1a - A Primary CPICH enters This comparison is a bit of becomes offset better the reporting range a stretch. The reason I than serving have equated them is because in both cases a neighbor should be considered for a handover, either soft or hard depending on the technology. Event A4 - Neighbor e1e - A Primary CPICH becomes better than becomes better than an threshold absolute threshold Event A5 - Serving e2b - The estimated quality of This comparison is good for becomes worse than the currently used frequency is saying that the current cell threshold1 and neighbor below a certain threshold and is below an absolute becomes better than the estimated quality of a non- threshold and the new cell threshold2 used frequency is above a is above a threshold. This certain threshold would mean that the current cell is not good enough and the new one is good, which is a good reason to do a hard handover (in either technology). Event B1 - Inter RAT e3c - The estimated quality of neighbor becomes better other system is above a than threshold certain threshold Event B2 - Serving e3a - The estimated quality of This comparison is good for becomes worse than the currently used UTRAN saying that the current cell threshold1 and inter RAT frequency is below a certain is below an absolute neighbor becomes better threshold and the estimated threshold and the new cell than threshold2 quality of the other system is on a different technology is above a certain threshold above a threshold. This would mean that the current cell is not good enough and the new one is good, which is a good reason to do a hard handover to the new technology.
Posted by Wireless at 10:47 PM

s UEs have become smarter and the air interface more complex, the need for more detailed communication between the UE and the network has increased dramatically. The UE has become the eyes and the ears of the radio access network. Its main goal is to find the best cell and maximize performance with that cell.

To help the UE accomplish this, the eNodeB gathers several pieces of information from the UE and then adjusts its downlink transmissions accordingly. The UE tells the network what cells it can see and how strong it can see them, its current channel conditions, the current state of its memory buffer, which antennas should be transmitting in the downlink, how many different transmission streams can be supported simultaneously, acknowledgements when data is received successfully, and any other information that the network wants to know. This is the first in a series of blogs on these different types of UE feedback. This blog will focus on the measurement report. The measurement report is the mechanism used by the UE to tell the network whatever results have been requested. Typically, these are measurements of the surrounding cells. They can also include requested measurements of block error rate, transmit power and other UE-based parameters. The UE learns the requested information using a measurement configuration. When a UE is in RRC-CONNECTED mode, this measurement configuration is provided to the UE by means of dedicated signaling; typically using the RRCConnectionReconfiguration message. The measurement configuration provided to the UE includes the following parameters: 1. Measurement Objects: the objects on which the UE shall perform the measurements; i.e. frequencies and cells. In other words: who should the UE measure? These include intra- and inter- frequency neighbors, IRAT UMTS neighbors, IRAT GSM neighbors and IRAT CDMA2000 HRPD and 1xRTT neighbors. Reporting Configurations: the criteria used by the UE to trigger the transmission of a measurement report and the quantities that the UE includes in the report. In other words: when should the UE send a report? This trigger can either be periodical or event-based. Measurement Identities: an identifier that links one measurement object with one reporting configuration. In other words: the UE needs to keep track of the objects to be measured and their specific triggers. The measurement identity is used as a reference number in the measurement report. Quantity configurations: the measurement quantities and associated filtering used for all event evaluation and related reporting per Radio Access Technology. Measurement gaps: periods of time that the UE may use to perform measurements while in connected mode.

2.

3.

4. 5.

The UE maintains a single measurement object list, a single reporting configuration list and a single measurement identities list. Any measurement object can be linked to any reporting configuration of the same RAT type. As mentioned earlier, a report can be event-triggered or periodical. An event-based measurement report will be transmitted when the criteria for any of the following events have been met: A1: Serving Cell becomes better than a defined threshold A2: Serving Cell becomes worse than a defined threshold A3: Neighbor cell becomes some offset better than the primary cell A4: Neighbor cell becomes better than a defined threshold A5: Primary cell becomes worse than a defined threshold and a neighbor becomes better than a second threshold A6: Neighbor cell becomes some offset better than the serving cell B1: Inter-RAT neighbor becomes better a defined threshold B2: Primary cell becomes worse than a defined threshold and inter-RAT neighbor becomes better than a second threshold Periodical measurement reports are sent based on the reporting configuration. For instance, it could be configured that the UE report its transmit power every 2 seconds or its transport channel block error rate every second. This is operator-specific.

We have discussed the vehicle used by the UE to tell the network what it can see as well as other operatorconfigured parameters. Another piece of information that the network needs to be successful is some indication of the channel conditions at the UE. This will help the network adapt its downlink transmission to match the UEs capability at that time. These channel quality indicators or CQIs will be the subject of the next blog in this series. Source: LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol specification (3GPP TS 36.331 version 10.5.0 Release 10)

1. Re: Need E-nodeB LTE KPI Definition


Can everybody please help, i have need this one urgent. Thanks for share
2. 2011-09-22, 01:22 AM#3

zlobster

Member Join Date 2010-10-30 Location Nether Realms Posts 86

Reputation: 31

Re: Need E-nodeB LTE KPI Definition


Can everybody please help, i have need this one urgent. Thanks for share
You mean statistics and couters or just specific KPIs? Since sometimes some forget to add rep, let me encourage you to do so! I'll add rep to anyone who add rep to me. :) Respect! There's no such thing as a 'dropped call'. There's only 'handover-to-idle'.
3. 2011-09-22, 01:35 AM#4 Originally Posted by RNP/O

RNP/O

BannedUser

Reputation: 36

Join Date 2011-09-18 Posts 39

Re: Need E-nodeB LTE KPI Definition


You mean statistics and couters or just specific KPIs?
Dear Brother. I mean fomulla how to calculate KPI like -RRC Setup Success Rate (All) -RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) -ERAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) -ERAB Setup Success Rate (all) -Call Drop Rate (All) -Intra-frequency Inter-eNB Handover Out Success Rate -Inter-frequency Handover Out Success Rate -Handover In Success Rate -Service Downlink Average Throughput -Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) and other so many .............. Thanks
4. 2011-09-22, 01:59 AM#5 Originally Posted by zlobster

zlobster

Member Join Date 2010-10-30 Location Nether Realms Posts 86

Reputation: 31

Re: Need E-nodeB LTE KPI Definition


Dear Brother. I mean fomulla how to calculate KPI like -RRC Setup Success Rate (All) -RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) -ERAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) -ERAB Setup Success Rate (all) -Call Drop Rate (All) -Intra-frequency Inter-eNB Handover Out Success Rate -Inter-frequency Handover Out Success Rate -Handover In Success Rate -Service Downlink Average Throughput -Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) and other so many ..............
Originally Posted by RNP/O

Thanks
Okay. Got HedEx? (cough) [Only registered and activate