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EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE A&P I SPRING 2013 Match the following to their function: A) Synthetase enzymes B) Messenger RNA

A C) ATP D) Ribosomal RNA E) Transfer RNA Match the following to the events that occur: A) Late prophase B) Anaphase C) Telophase D) Early prophase E) Metaphase Match the following to where they are found and their function: A) Tight junctions B) Desmosomes C) Gap junctions Matching Questions Tissue pictures to tissue and/or function Match the following to locations: A) Serous membrane B) Endothelium C) Mucous membrane D) Cutaneous

Match the following to where and when found: A) Mesenchyme B) Hyaline cartilage C) Reticular tissue D) Elastic cartilage Match the regeneration capacity of the following tissues: A) Weak regenerative ability B) Moderate regenerative ability C) Regenerates extremely well D) Virtually no functional regenerative ability E) Moderate regenerative ability. Match the following to their function in skin: A) Keratin B) Merkel disc C) Cornified keratinocytes D) Keratinocytes E) Epidermal dendritic cells Match the following to their description/definition: A) Erythemia B) Jaundice C) Addisons disease D) Pallor E) Cyanosis

Fill-in-the-Blank/Short Answer Questions 1) The RNA that has an anticodon and attaches to a specific amino acid is ________ RNA. 2) Water may move through membrane pores constructed by transmembrane proteins called Know the phases of the cell and what occurs in each When chromatin condenses it wraps around what proteins? 6) ________ are hollow tubes made of spherical protein subunits called tubulins. 7) Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in the ________. 8) Two very important second messengers used in the G protein-linked receptor mechanism are cyclic AMP and ________. 9) The most common extracellular ion is ________. 10) The process of discharging particles from inside a cell to the outside is called ________. 11) A red blood cell would swell if its surrounding solution were ________. 12) A ________ is a channel between cells. 13) ________ tissue forms the framework for the lamina propria of mucous membranes. 14) describe cardiac tissue 15) ________ muscle cells are multinucleated. 16) ________ live in the lacunae of cartilage. 17) The uppermost layer of skin is composed of what tissue type? 18) Kidney tubules are composed of ________ epithelium. 19) All epithelial tissue rests upon a(n) ________ composed of connective tissue. 20) The white crescent portion of the nail is called the ________. 21) The layer of the epidermis immediately under the stratum lucidum in thick skin is the stratum ________. 22) The ________ are the small muscles located in the dermis that cause goose bumps. 23) ________ burns injure the epidermis and the upper regions of the dermis.
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24) ________ are pigment-producing cells in the epidermis. 25) The only place you will find stratum ________ is in the skin that covers the palms, fingertips, and soles of the feet. 26) The dermis is composed of the reticular and ________ layers. 27) Describe two important functions of the Golgi apparatus. 28) Why can we say that a cell without a nucleus will ultimately die? 29) What forces maintain a steady state "resting" membrane potential? 30) Briefly describe the glycocalyx and its functions. 31) In all living cells hydrostatic and osmotic pressures exist. Define these pressures and explain how they are used in the concept of tonicity of the cell. 32) Other than the nucleus, which organelle has its own DNA? 33) Macrophage-like cells are found in many different tissues, and may have specific names that reflect their location or specializations. What is the one functional characteristic common to all macrophage-like cells? 34) How are the products of free ribosomes different from membrane-bound ribosomes? 35) How are peroxisomes different from lysosomes? 36) Briefly name the subphases of interphase and tell what they do. 37) Why can we say that cells are protein factories? 38) What are cell exons and introns? 39) Since mature adipocytes do not divide, how can adults gain weight? 40) Tendon tears or breaks are difficult to repair both physiologically and surgically. Why? 41) How is blood unique among connective tissues? 42) Explain what is meant by epithelial tissue being avascular but innervated. 43) Without macrophages, wound healing is delayed. Why? 44) Describe local clinical signs and symptoms of the inflammatory stage of wound healing. 45) What are six of the functions of the epidermis? 46) Name the layers of the epidermis in order from the surface down. 47) Why is profuse sweating on a hot day good, and yet a potential problem? 47) Robert, a surfer, has a mole that has changed its shape and size. His doctor, applying the ABCD(E) rule, diagnosed a melanoma. What do the letters ABCD(E) represent? Please be aware that this exam includes Chapter 5 material that we would have covered last Tuesday. This study guide is almost exactly from the exam!!! Exam 4 will be entirely scantron a take home that you will get before spring break. We will NOT cover the material on Exam 4 in lecture. I WILL answer questions related to the material before the end of the semester. You are responsible for reading the chapters and asking questions to ensure you understand the material.

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