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Name: Native American Culture and Resistance Towards US Expansion Class/Subject: 8th Grade Social Studies: American History

Reconstruction to Present Date: 7 November 2011 Student Objectives/Student Outcomes: - The students should leave this lesson with a fuller understanding of the Native American plight and culture during the period of US Expansion into Native American lands during the 19th century. - The students should learn to identify the differences between historical fact and interpretation through the examples of the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the Sand Creek Massacre.

Content Standards: - 16.A.3b: Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources. - 16.A.3c: Identify the differences between historical fact and interpretation - 16.D.3a(US): Describe characteristics of different kinds of communities in various sections of America during the colonial/frontier periods and the 19th century.

Materials/Resources/Technology: -Textbook, PowerPoint, Projector, Computer, Worksheets

Teachers Goals:
-We hope to maintain the discipline of the classroom throughout the lesson. -We want to minimize down time during the lesson.


2-4 Minutes

Start of Class: The teacher will ask the students to raise their hands in response to the following question: What do you guys know about Native American culture during this period of US Expansion we have been studying? The teacher will let 3-4 students answer and then move on.

1 Minute

Introduction of Lesson: The teacher will explain that todays lesson will cover the topic of Native American culture during the US Expansion of the 19th century.

44-45 Minutes

Lesson Instruction: The teacher will start off the lesson with a brief video clip on the topic (PUT EXACT CLIP HERE). (This should last about 2-4 minutes) Next, the teacher will divide the class into two groups. The first group will read a sheet with excerpts of primary sources from the white settlers perspective on the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the Sand Creek Massacre. The other group will read primary source excerpts on the same topics written from the Native American perspective. After 2-3 minutes of reading, the groups will spend 5-8 minutes discussing the sources amongst themselves. (This should last about 11 minutes) The class will then come together for a discussion on the events based on the varying perspectives. The teacher will ask the following questions to facilitate the discussion: What is your reaction to the white perspective? To the Native American perspective? Why do you think these viewpoints differ? Which group, if either, do you feel is at a greater disadvantage? (This should last about 10 minutes) The teacher will show the students a short PowerPoint displaying quotes and pictures that cover the terms and names from the chapter (Sand Creek Massacre, Sitting Bull, George A. Custer, Battle of the Little Bighorn, Dawes Act, and Wounded Knee Massacre.) (7-9 minutes) The students will be given the remainder of the period to read pages 78 through 85 in the textbook. They will be expected to complete the reading study guide for participation points by the next class. (last 10 minutes)

Assessments/Checks for Understanding: The teacher will use the students responses during the discussion as well as the reading study guides as an assessment on how well the students grasped the material.

Closure/Wrap-Up/Review: The end of class PowerPoint will help the teacher wrap up the material by providing sources and definitions for the terms the students will encounter in the readings.