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AS/APR 2009/BIO120

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE COURSE CODE EXAMINATION TIME

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY BIO120 APRIL 2009 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. This question paper consists of two (2) parts : PART A (20 Questions) PART B (7 Questions)

2.

Answer ALL questions from all two (2) parts. i) Answer PART A in the Objective Answer Sheet. ii) Answer PART B in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the invigilator.

4.

Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of: i) ii) iii) the Question Paper an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty an Objective Answer Sheet - provided by the Faculty

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO


This examination paper consists of 8 printed pages
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AS/APR 2009/BIO120

PART A

1.

Which branch of biology is concerned with the study of heredity? A. B. C. D. Cytology Taxonomy Genetics Physiology

2.

Several closely related genus might be assigned to the next higher taxonomic level called A. B. C. D. species. phylum. class. family.

3.

The botanist who devised a taxonomic system that used morphological features as the primary criteria for classifying organisms was A. B. C. D. Charles Darwin. Carolus Linnaeus. John Armstrong. Louis Pasteur.

4.

A structure made up of a group of cells of similar shape and function is called a/an A. B. C. D. tissue. organ. organ system. organelle.

5.

All scientific process which involve the use of scientific method almost always begin with a/an A. B. C. D. hypothesis. observation. data collection. conclusion.

6.

A scientist will always use inductive reasoning in order to come up with a A. B. C. D. classification. theory. hypothesis. conclusion.

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7.

Why is it important that every experiment must include a control group? A. B. C. D. The control group provides a reserve of experimental subjects. The control group is required for the development of an "if... then" statement. The control group is the group that the researcher is in control of; it is the group in which the researcher predetermines the nature of the results. Without a control group, there is no basis for knowing if a particular result is due to the variable being tested or to some other factor.

8.

Which of the subatomic particles contributes almost no weight to an atom? A. B. C. D. Protons in the electron shells. Electrons in the nucleus. Neutrons in the nucleus. Electrons at various energy levels.

9.

When the sharing of electrons between two atoms is not equal then the bond formed between the two atoms is called A. B. C. D. ionic bond. van der Waals forces. polar covalent bond. nonpolar covalent bond.

10.

Which of these properties of water cannot be attributed to hydrogen bonding between water molecules? A. B. C. D. Water molecules are cohesive. Water is a solvent for many molecules. Water stabilizes temperature inside and outside the cell. Ice floats on liquid water.

11.

Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and proteins are all synthesized from monomers by A. B. C. D. hydration. condensation. carboxylation. dehydration.

12.

A change in a protein's three dimensional shape or conformation due to disruption of hydrogen bonds, disulphide bridges, and ionic bonds is termed A. B. C. D. hydrolysis. stabilisation. renaturation. denaturation.

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13.

Of the following functions, the major purpose of RNA is to A. B. C. D. act as a pattern in the synthesis of protein. transmit genetic information to the offspring. function in the synthesis of protein. make a copy of itself, thus ensuring genetic continuity.

14.

Which of the following are nitrogen bases of the pyrimidine type? A. B. C. D. Thymine and cytosine Thymine and adenine Guanine and thymine Adenine and guanine

15.

Which of these organelles is found in both eukaryote and prokaryote cells? A. B. C. D. Ribosome Centriole Nucleolus Mitochondrion

16.

Which of the following is the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum? A. B. C. D. Breaking down old and used organelles. Synthesizing phospholipids and cholesterol. Transporting proteins produced by ribosomes. Attaching carbohydrates to proteins forming glycoproteins.

17.

Which of the following organelles is the origin of the other membranes in the cell? A. B. C. D. Nucleus Vacuole Lysosome Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

18.

Integral proteins A. B. C. D. are loosely bound to the double layer. are not mobile within the double layer. are usually trans-membranous proteins. lack tertiary structure.

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19.

What membrane-surface molecules are thought to be most important for cells to recognize each other? A. B. C. D. Cholesterol Glycoprotein Phospholipids Integral protein

20.

Which of the following is a characteristic feature of a carrier protein in a plasma membrane? A. B. C. D. It works against diffusion. It requires energy to function. It is a peripheral protein. It exhibits a specificity for a particular type of molecule.

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PARTB

QUESTION 1 a) Give five branches in Biology and define each one of them. (5 marks) b) Biology is the study of living organisms. List any five characteristics that define living organisms. (5 marks)

QUESTION 2 a) Draw a flow chart showing the process of science beginning with observation and ending in conclusion. (3 marks) Give an example of a case study to show the above process. (7 marks)

b)

QUESTION 3 a) Define taxonomy. (2 marks) b) State the sequence of taxa in biological classification starting with KINGDOM. (3 marks) c) d) Which nomenclature system is used by scientists to name an organism? (1 mark) What is the language used in the above system? (1 mark) e) State the scientific name for the human. (3 marks)

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QUESTION 4 a) Draw simple diagrams to show the effect of the following solutions on both animal and plant cells. i) ii) iii) b) In isotonic solution (2 marks) In hypotonic solution (2 marks) In hypertonic solution (2 marks) For a heavily perspiring athlete, what type of drink should be taken to replace the water loss in his body? Explain your answer. (4 marks)

QUESTION 5 a) Water is a polar molecule. Explain this statement. (2 marks) b) Maltose is formed from the condensation of two a-glucose molecules. What are the monomers for sucrose and lactose? (2 marks) What is the importance of phospholipids? (2 marks) d) Explain how amino acids are joined to form a polypeptide. (2 marks) e) State the importance of DNA. (2 marks)

c)

QUESTION 6 Explain the structure and state one function for each organelle below. a) Mitochondrion (3 marks) b) Golgi body (3 marks) c) Endoplasmic reticulum (4 marks)

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QUESTION 7 Describe any five processes by which substances move across the cell membrane. (10 marks)

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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