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EuCARD-PRE-2012-004

European Coordination for Accelerator Research and Development

PUBLICATION

Beam-beam simulations: dynamical effects and beam-beam limit for LEP3


Ohmi, K (KEK, Tsukuba, Japan)
07 December 2012

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission under the FP7 Research Infrastructures project EuCARD, grant agreement no. 227579.

This work is part of EuCARD Work Package 4: AccNet: Accelerator Science Networks.

The electronic version of this EuCARD Publication is available via the EuCARD web site <http://cern.ch/eucard> or on the CERN Document Server at the following URL : <http://cds.cern.ch/record/1498115

EuCARD-PRE-2012-004

Beam-beam simulations: dynamical effects and beam-beam limit for LEP3


K. Ohmi KEK-ACCEL 4 Dec, 2012

Parameters of LEP3 given by F. Zimmermann

Parameters of TLEP-H given by F. Zimmermann

3D beam-beam interaction

Strong-strong

!y=1mm, "z=2.3(LEP3)-1.7(TLEP-h)mm. For "z>!y, the beam-beam force varies signicantly along the bunch length.

A bunch is divided into several slices which contain many macro-particles.

Collision is calculated slice by slice.


drift between slices
s

Nsl,

exp :

1 V0 ,+ (s,i ),i (+ , s,i )V0,+ (s,i )s

i=1

V0 (s) V0 (s, 0) = S exp :


0

H0 ds : =
i=

Nsl,+
exp :

1 exp : V0 , (s+,j )+,j ( , s+,j )V0, (s+,j )s :

2 p2 x,i + py,i s: , 2

j =1

3D symplectic integrator for sliceby-slice collision

! Potential

is calculated at sf and sb. ! Potential is interpolated to si between sf and sb.


sf sf

sb si !Since the interaction depends on z, energy kick should be taken into account d!/dz. !We repeat the same procedure exchanging particle and slice.

si

sb

Potential and linear kick of he slice-by-slice collision


KEKB case K.Ohmi et al., PRST7,104401 (2004)

ky = 2 (s)/ y 2 = py /x

j (s) = j (sb ) +

j (sf ) j (sb ) (s sb ) sf sb

potential is interpolated. potential at center of slice, BAD method

j (s) = j (sc )

Convergence for the slice number


Interpolation All particles in i-th slice are kicked by cp

By M. Tawada

KEKB case

Simulation

! Radiation

damping rate

LEP3 !xy/T0=0.036, !s/T0=0.043 ! TLEP-H !xy/T0=0.013, !s/T0=0.00875

! Track

particles 1000 turns (2000 turns for half ring), >10x T0/!xy. ! Target luminosity per collision

LEP3 L=2.675x1033 cm-2s-1 ! TLEP-H L=6.125x1032 cm-2s-1

! Nmacrop=1,000,000

nzslice=16
8

Simulation I (rst trial)


y

# =0.52, # =0.58 Comparison between IP=1 and 2.


Expect Lgeo~2.675x1033
Short term behavior
Linit=Lgeo

#x=0.52, #y=0.58 IP=1 IP=2

Beam size

Dynamic beta

First impression of the simulation results

Dynamic beta works well for IP=1 in this

operating point, (0.52,0.58), but does not for IP=2. This is reasonable result.

Luminosity for IP=1 is not very good. Usually this

operating point showed higher luminosity than target one in KEKB.

Vertical beam size increases in short time. Large synchrotron tune affects.

Systematic study: Tune scan

IP=2, # =0.52, scan # Head-tail type of coherent motion appear


y y

#y>0.8.

Incoherent # ~0.75 ?

Lgeo~2.675x1033

Tune scan II
y x

IP=2, # =0.58 (0.29x2), scan #


Lgeo~2.675x1033

Coherent motion appears at #y>0.8

Slight upper of integer


Lgeo~2.675x1033

Best Luminosity,
but lower than deisgn. #x

Bunch population and specic luminosity

L=2.6x1033 cm-2s-1 is achieved at Ne=1.1x1012.

Lgeo~2.675x1033

TLEP-H

# =0.58 (0.29x2), scan #


y

16

TLEP-H
! Design luminosity 6.1x1032 is reachable. ! Better

result than LEP3. ! "s is lower than LEP3.

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Synchrotron tune (LEP3)

! Luminosity

degradation at large synchrotron tune is seen.


y

# =0.02, # =0.19
IP=2

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Summary

! Beam-beam

simulations has been performed for LEP3 and TLEP-H. ! Rough tune scan was done. ! To achieve the design luminosity in LEP3, 10% more bunch population is necessary at least. TLEP-H can achieve the design. ! The large synchrotron tune degrades the luminosity performance.

The treatment of synchrotron motion and z dependence of the beam-beam force should be checked.

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Choice of operating point

! ("x,"y)=(0.51,

0.55-0.59) is the best for dynamic beta in horizontal and integrability in vertical in every e+e- colliders with single IP. ! ("x,"y)=(0.02, 0.10-0.18) for 2IP. The horizontal tune may not be acceptable.

! Luminosity

dependence in tune space is shown in this presentation. (No strategy for optimization now.)
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