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Warehousing

Warehousing

Warehousing
Warehousing
Function Storage in Transit Inventory Economic – Consolidation & Break Bulk – Assortment –

Function

Storage in Transit Inventory

Economic

Consolidation & Break Bulk

Assortment

Postponement

Stockpiling

Reverse Logistics

Service

- Spot Stocking - Full Line Stocking - Product Support - Market Presence

Stockpiling – Reverse Logistics Service - Spot Stocking - Full Line Stocking - Product Support -
Stockpiling – Reverse Logistics Service - Spot Stocking - Full Line Stocking - Product Support -
Consolidation & Break Bulk
Consolidation & Break Bulk
Consolidation & Break Bulk  Reduce Transportation Cost by using warehouse capability to increase shipment
Consolidation & Break Bulk  Reduce Transportation Cost by using warehouse capability to increase shipment

Reduce Transportation Cost by using warehouse capability to increase shipment economic of scale

Consolidation, warehouse receives materials from number of sources which combined into a large single shipment

to a specific destination

Break-Bulk, operator receives a single large shipment and arrange for delivery

to multiple destination

 Break-Bulk, operator receives a single large shipment and arrange for delivery to multiple destination
 Break-Bulk, operator receives a single large shipment and arrange for delivery to multiple destination
Consolidation Plant A Consolidation Plant B Warehouse Plant C X Y Z

Consolidation

Consolidation Plant A Consolidation Plant B Warehouse Plant C X Y Z
Plant A Consolidation Plant B Warehouse Plant C
Plant A
Consolidation
Plant B
Warehouse
Plant C
X Y Z
X
Y Z
Break-Bulk Customer X Break-Bulk Warehouse Plant A Customer Y Customer Z
Break-Bulk Customer X Break-Bulk Warehouse Plant A Customer Y Customer Z
Break-Bulk
Break-Bulk

Customer X

Break-Bulk Warehouse
Break-Bulk
Warehouse
Break-Bulk Customer X Break-Bulk Warehouse Plant A Customer Y Customer Z
Break-Bulk Customer X Break-Bulk Warehouse Plant A Customer Y Customer Z

Plant A

Customer Y

Customer Z

Assortment Reconfigure freight as it flows from origin to destination Cross Docking Mixing Assembly

Assortment

Reconfigure freight as it flows from origin to destination

Cross Docking

Mixing

Assembly

Assortment Reconfigure freight as it flows from origin to destination Cross Docking Mixing Assembly
Cross-Dock Combine inventory from multiple origins into an assortment for specific customer Plant A Plant
Cross-Dock
Cross-Dock

Combine inventory from multiple origins into an assortment for specific customer

Plant A

Plant A Plant B Plant C

Plant B

Plant A Plant B Plant C

Plant C

Distribution

Warehouse

Customer X

assortment for specific customer Plant A Plant B Plant C Distribution Warehouse Customer X Customer Y

Customer Y

Customer Z

Mixing Customer W Plant A Plant B Plant C Transit Mixing Point Product D A
Mixing
Mixing
Mixing Customer W Plant A Plant B Plant C Transit Mixing Point Product D A B

Customer W

Plant A

Plant A Plant B Plant C

Plant B

Plant A Plant B Plant C

Plant C

Transit Mixing

Point

Product D

A

B

C

D

Customer X

 

A

B

C

D

Customer Y

A

B

C

Customer Z

A

B

Assembly

Procure inventory from multiple Vendor to support manufacturing operations

Vendor A

Vendor B

Vendor C

Lead Supplier

Warehouse

Assy. Plant

to support manufacturing operations Vendor A Vendor B Vendor C Lead Supplier Warehouse Assy. Plant
10 Postponement Warehouse postpone commitment to final product configuration by completing final packaging,

10

Postponement

Warehouse postpone commitment to final

product configuration by completing

final packaging, labeling, and light manufacturing

Reduced Risk

Lower Inventory

product configuration by completing final packaging, labeling, and light manufacturing Reduced Risk Lower Inventory
product configuration by completing final packaging, labeling, and light manufacturing Reduced Risk Lower Inventory
11 Stockpiling Accommodate seasonal production or demand Buffer Stock

11

Stockpiling

Accommodate seasonal production or demand

Buffer Stock

11 Stockpiling Accommodate seasonal production or demand Buffer Stock
11 Stockpiling Accommodate seasonal production or demand Buffer Stock
12 Reverse Logistics Perform physical work related to product recall, reclamation, disposal of overstock and

12

Reverse Logistics

Perform physical work related to product recall, reclamation, disposal of overstock and damage inventory

Control

Regular

physical work related to product recall, reclamation, disposal of overstock and damage inventory Control Regular
physical work related to product recall, reclamation, disposal of overstock and damage inventory Control Regular
13 Service Establishing warehouse to service a specific market area - Spot Stocking - Full

13

Service

Establishing warehouse to service a specific

market area

- Spot Stocking

- Full Line Stocking - Product Support

- Market Presence

to service a specific market area - Spot Stocking - Full Line Stocking - Product Support
to service a specific market area - Spot Stocking - Full Line Stocking - Product Support
14 Spot Stocking  Spot Stocked in a Local Market Warehouse in Anticipation of Responding

14

Spot Stocking

Spot Stocked in a Local Market Warehouse in Anticipation of Responding to Customer Need

During the Critical Sales Period Rather Than

Maintaining Inventory in a Warehouse Year- round

Use temporarily Warehouse for Time Limited Period

Rather Than Maintaining Inventory in a Warehouse Year- round  Use temporarily Warehouse for Time Limited
Rather Than Maintaining Inventory in a Warehouse Year- round  Use temporarily Warehouse for Time Limited
15 Full Line Stocking  Warehouse can provide one-stop shopping capability for goods from multiple

15

Full Line Stocking

Warehouse can provide one-stop shopping capability for goods from multiple manufacturers

Use Permanent Warehouse for Unlimited Time Period

one-stop shopping capability for goods from multiple manufacturers  Use Permanent Warehouse for Unlimited Time Period
one-stop shopping capability for goods from multiple manufacturers  Use Permanent Warehouse for Unlimited Time Period
16 Production Support  Stock Inventory to Support Manufacturing Operation  Support Warehouse Containing an

16

Production Support

Stock Inventory to Support Manufacturing Operation

Support Warehouse Containing an Inventory of Processed Materials, Components and Subassembly

Operation  Support Warehouse Containing an Inventory of Processed Materials, Components and Subassembly
Operation  Support Warehouse Containing an Inventory of Processed Materials, Components and Subassembly
17 Market Presence  Respond faster to customer needs  Increase Market Share and Profitability

17

Market Presence

Respond faster to customer needs

Increase Market Share and Profitability

17 Market Presence  Respond faster to customer needs  Increase Market Share and Profitability
17 Market Presence  Respond faster to customer needs  Increase Market Share and Profitability
18 Warehouse Operation The objective is to efficiently receive inventory, possible store it until required

18

Warehouse Operation

The objective is to efficiently receive

inventory, possible store it until required

by the market, assembly it into complete orders, and initiate movement to customer

Handling

Receiving In Storage Handling

Shipping

Storage

- Active - Extended

to customer Handling   Receiving In Storage Handling  Shipping Storage - Active - Extended
to customer Handling   Receiving In Storage Handling  Shipping Storage - Active - Extended

19

Warehouse Ownership

Private

Public

Contract

19 Warehouse Ownership Private Public Contract
20 Warehouse Size  Min = SSL + Q  Max = SS L+T +

20

Warehouse Size

Min = SSL

+ Q

Max = SSL+T + Q

20 Warehouse Size  Min = SSL + Q  Max = SS L+T + Q
20 Warehouse Size  Min = SSL + Q  Max = SS L+T + Q

Flow of Goods in Warehouse

Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping

Receiving

Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping

Holding

Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping

Picking

Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping

Shipping

Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Receiving Holding Picking Shipping
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Holding Picking Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding
Flow of Goods in Warehouse Holding Picking Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding Picking Batch

Flow of Goods in Warehouse

Holding Picking
Holding
Picking

Receiving

Receiving

Holding

Picking

Receiving Holding
Receiving
Holding

Picking

Batch Forming
Batch Forming
Warehouse Holding Picking Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding Picking Batch Forming Packaging Shipping

Packaging

Warehouse Holding Picking Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding Picking Batch Forming Packaging Shipping

Shipping

Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding Picking Batch Forming Packaging Shipping
Receiving Receiving Holding Picking Receiving Holding Picking Batch Forming Packaging Shipping
Storage Media  Physical Characteristics of Goods in Stock – Solid Goods: Stack, Rack, Drawers

Storage Media

Storage Media  Physical Characteristics of Goods in Stock – Solid Goods: Stack, Rack, Drawers 
Storage Media  Physical Characteristics of Goods in Stock – Solid Goods: Stack, Rack, Drawers 

Physical Characteristics of Goods in Stock Solid Goods: Stack, Rack, Drawers Number of items of each product in a customer order

of Goods in Stock – Solid Goods: Stack, Rack, Drawers  Number of items of each
24 Storage Plan Receiving Dock Low Volume High Volume Low Volume Shipping Dock
24
Storage Plan
Receiving Dock
Low Volume
High Volume
Low Volume
Shipping Dock
Storage/Retrieval Transport 1. • 2. • • Picker to Product System A team of human

Storage/Retrieval Transport

Storage/Retrieval Transport 1. • 2. • • Picker to Product System A team of human order
1. • 2. • •
1.
2.

Picker to Product System

A team of human order pickers, traveling to storage location

Product to Picker System

An automated device, delivering items to stationary order pickers

AS/RS

to storage location Product to Picker System An automated device, delivering items to stationary order pickers
Block Stacking System
Block Stacking System
Block Stacking System
Block Stacking System
Block Stacking System
Block Stacking System
Item Retrieval by Trolley y x
Item Retrieval by Trolley y x
Item Retrieval by Trolley
Item Retrieval by Trolley
y
y
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x

Item Retrieval by Trolley y x
A/R Machine Central aisle Side aisle
A/R Machine
Central aisle
Side aisle
Item Storage and Retrieval By AS/RS and Belt Conveyor Side aisle
Item Storage and Retrieval By AS/RS
and Belt Conveyor
Side aisle
Location and Site Services Criteria Operating Cost

Location and Site

Services

Criteria

Operating Cost

Location and Site Services Criteria Operating Cost
Faktor Lokasi 1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri
Faktor Lokasi 1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri
Faktor Lokasi
Faktor Lokasi
Faktor Lokasi 1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri COST

1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku

Jasa

Fragile

Berat

1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri COST

SERVICES

1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri COST

Semen

Kertas

Agro Industri

1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri COST

COST

Faktor Lokasi 1. Pasar Dan Bahan Baku Jasa Fragile Berat SERVICES Semen Kertas Agro Industri COST
Faktor Lokasi . . . 2. Tangible . Transportasi Tenaga Kerja Energi Tanah . Insentif
Faktor Lokasi . . . 2. Tangible . Transportasi Tenaga Kerja Energi Tanah . Insentif
Faktor Lokasi
Faktor Lokasi
. . .
.
.
.

2. Tangible . Transportasi

Tenaga Kerja

Energi

Tanah

. Insentif

. Utilitas . Biaya Konstruksi . Pajak . Bahan Penolong

. Dll

Transportasi Tenaga Kerja Energi Tanah . Insentif . Utilitas . Biaya Konstruksi . Pajak . Bahan
Faktor Lokasi – Iklim – – – – – – Dll 3. Intangible Peraturan Stabilitas
Faktor Lokasi – Iklim – – – – – – Dll 3. Intangible Peraturan Stabilitas
Faktor Lokasi
Faktor Lokasi
– Iklim – – – – – – Dll
Iklim
Dll

3. Intangible

Peraturan

Stabilitas Politik

Kemudahan Ekspansi Budaya Polusi

Iklim – – – – – – Dll 3. Intangible Peraturan Stabilitas Politik Kemudahan Ekspansi Budaya
Regional
Regional

Tahapan Pemilihan Lokasi

Regional Tahapan Pemilihan Lokasi Makro Community Site Mikro
Regional Tahapan Pemilihan Lokasi Makro Community Site Mikro

Makro

Community

Site

Mikro

Regional Tahapan Pemilihan Lokasi Makro Community Site Mikro
Metoda Pemilihan      Gravitasi BEP Transportasi Point Rating Simulasi

Metoda Pemilihan

Metoda Pemilihan      Gravitasi BEP Transportasi Point Rating Simulasi

Gravitasi BEP Transportasi Point Rating Simulasi

Metoda Pemilihan      Gravitasi BEP Transportasi Point Rating Simulasi
Metoda Pemilihan      Gravitasi BEP Transportasi Point Rating Simulasi
Metoda Gravitasi  Minimasi Ongkos Transportasi  Faktor Faktor Lain Tetap (Sama Untuk Semua Pilihan
Metoda Gravitasi  Minimasi Ongkos Transportasi  Faktor Faktor Lain Tetap (Sama Untuk Semua Pilihan

Metoda Gravitasi

Minimasi Ongkos Transportasi Faktor Faktor Lain Tetap (Sama Untuk Semua Pilihan Lokasi) Menggunakan Koordinat Cartesian Sebagai Basis

 Faktor Faktor Lain Tetap (Sama Untuk Semua Pilihan Lokasi)  Menggunakan Koordinat Cartesian Sebagai Basis
 Faktor Faktor Lain Tetap (Sama Untuk Semua Pilihan Lokasi)  Menggunakan Koordinat Cartesian Sebagai Basis
Formula Metoda Gravitasi J =  Ti Bi Ji /  Ti Bi Dimana: T

Formula Metoda Gravitasi

Formula Metoda Gravitasi J =  Ti Bi Ji /  Ti Bi Dimana: T i
Formula Metoda Gravitasi J =  Ti Bi Ji /  Ti Bi Dimana: T i

J = Ti Bi Ji /Ti Bi

Dimana:

Ti : Biaya Transport Dari Tiap Titik i Ke Lokasi (Rp/satuan /Km)

Bi : Berat Yang Diangkut Dari / Ke Lokasi i

Ji : Koordinat Dari Titik i

Tiap Titik i Ke Lokasi (Rp/satuan /Km ) B i : Berat Yang Diangkut Dari /
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi Data pasar A : 10 ton; 5000/ton/km B : 2 ton; 8000/ton/km
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi Data pasar A : 10 ton; 5000/ton/km B : 2 ton; 8000/ton/km
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi

Data pasar A : 10 ton; 5000/ton/km B : 2 ton; 8000/ton/km C : 8 ton ; 4000/ton/km Koordinat:

A (13, 22) ; B (95,84) ; C (118,41)

B : 2 ton; 8000/ton/km C : 8 ton ; 4000/ton/km Koordinat: – – – –
B : 2 ton; 8000/ton/km C : 8 ton ; 4000/ton/km Koordinat: – – – –
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi  Jx = (5x10x13) + ( 8x2x95) + ( 4x8x118) (5x10) +
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi  Jx = (5x10x13) + ( 8x2x95) + ( 4x8x118) (5x10) +
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi
Contoh Metoda Gravitasi

Jx = (5x10x13) + ( 8x2x95) + ( 4x8x118) (5x10) + ( 8x2) + ( 4x8) = 91,3 KM

JY = (5x10x22) + ( 8x2x84) + ( 4x8x41) (5x10) + ( 8x2) + ( 4x8)

= 38,3 KM

(5x10) + ( 8x2) + ( 4x8) = 91,3 KM  JY = (5x10x22) + (
(5x10) + ( 8x2) + ( 4x8) = 91,3 KM  JY = (5x10x22) + (
Metoda BEP • Faktor Yang Lain Tetap ( Sama ) • Fix Cost Dan Variable

Metoda BEP

Faktor Yang Lain Tetap ( Sama )

Fix Cost Dan Variable Cost Berbeda

A

B

Metoda BEP • Faktor Yang Lain Tetap ( Sama ) • Fix Cost Dan Variable Cost
Metoda BEP Total Cost Lokasi A = Total Cost Lokasi B F A + Q.

Metoda BEP

Metoda BEP Total Cost Lokasi A = Total Cost Lokasi B F A + Q. V
Metoda BEP Total Cost Lokasi A = Total Cost Lokasi B F A + Q. V

Total Cost Lokasi A = Total Cost Lokasi B

FA + Q. VA

= FB + Q.VB

Q = (FA - FB )/ (VB - VA )

Metoda BEP Total Cost Lokasi A = Total Cost Lokasi B F A + Q. V
Metoda Transportasi  Multi Lokasi  Faktor Lain Sama Kecuali Ongkos Transport
Metoda Transportasi
Metoda Transportasi
Metoda Transportasi  Multi Lokasi  Faktor Lain Sama Kecuali Ongkos Transport
Metoda Transportasi  Multi Lokasi  Faktor Lain Sama Kecuali Ongkos Transport

Multi Lokasi Faktor Lain Sama Kecuali Ongkos Transport

Metoda Transportasi  Multi Lokasi  Faktor Lain Sama Kecuali Ongkos Transport
Metoda Point Rating  Menggabungkan Faktor Tangible & Faktor Intangible  Menggunakan Pendekatan Kwalitatif Dan

Metoda Point Rating

Metoda Point Rating  Menggabungkan Faktor Tangible & Faktor Intangible  Menggunakan Pendekatan Kwalitatif Dan
Metoda Point Rating  Menggabungkan Faktor Tangible & Faktor Intangible  Menggunakan Pendekatan Kwalitatif Dan

Menggabungkan Faktor Tangible & Faktor Intangible Menggunakan Pendekatan Kwalitatif Dan Kwantitatif

Rating  Menggabungkan Faktor Tangible & Faktor Intangible  Menggunakan Pendekatan Kwalitatif Dan Kwantitatif
Prosedur       Identifikasikan Faktor Yang Relevan Tentukan Bobot Setiap Faktor
Prosedur       Identifikasikan Faktor Yang Relevan Tentukan Bobot Setiap Faktor
Prosedur
Prosedur
Prosedur       Identifikasikan Faktor Yang Relevan Tentukan Bobot Setiap Faktor Tentukan

Identifikasikan Faktor Yang Relevan Tentukan Bobot Setiap Faktor

Tentukan Rating Faktor Pada Setiap Lokasi

Hitung Bobot Score Pada Setiap Lokasi Untuk Setiap Faktor Jumlahkan Bobot Skor Pada Setiap Lokasi Pilih Lokasi Yang Memiliki Skor Tertinggi

Pada Setiap Lokasi Untuk Setiap Faktor Jumlahkan Bobot Skor Pada Setiap Lokasi Pilih Lokasi Yang Memiliki
Pada Setiap Lokasi Untuk Setiap Faktor Jumlahkan Bobot Skor Pada Setiap Lokasi Pilih Lokasi Yang Memiliki
Contoh
Contoh
Contoh
Contoh
Contoh
Contoh

Warehouse Design

Warehouse Design Criteria Services Cost

Criteria

Services

Cost

Warehouse Design Criteria Services Cost
Warehouse Cost      Receiving Cost Holding Inventory Cost Retrieving Cost Assembling
Warehouse Cost      Receiving Cost Holding Inventory Cost Retrieving Cost Assembling
Warehouse Cost
Warehouse Cost
Warehouse Cost      Receiving Cost Holding Inventory Cost Retrieving Cost Assembling to

Receiving Cost Holding Inventory Cost Retrieving Cost Assembling to customer order Cost Shipping Cost

   Receiving Cost Holding Inventory Cost Retrieving Cost Assembling to customer order Cost Shipping
Factors To Be Considered  Physical characteristics of products  Number of items in stock
Factors To Be Considered  Physical characteristics of products  Number of items in stock
Factors To Be Considered
Factors To Be Considered
Factors To Be Considered  Physical characteristics of products  Number of items in stock 

Physical characteristics of products Number of items in stock Rate of storage and retrieval request

 Physical characteristics of products  Number of items in stock  Rate of storage and
Warehouse Design 1. 2. 3. 4. Determining the capacity: length, width and height Locating and

Warehouse Design

Warehouse Design 1. 2. 3. 4. Determining the capacity: length, width and height Locating and sizing:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Determining the capacity: length, width and height Locating and sizing: receiving, shipping and storage zones (including number of I/O port, number, length and width of the aisles of storage zone and the orientation of stack/racks/drawers)

Selecting the storage medium

Selecting the storage/retrieval transport mechanism

orientation of stack/racks/drawers) Selecting the storage medium Selecting the storage/retrieval transport mechanism
orientation of stack/racks/drawers) Selecting the storage medium Selecting the storage/retrieval transport mechanism
50 Basic Warehouse Design Receiving Area Bulk Storage Area Rack Storage Area Order Picking Area
50
Basic Warehouse Design
Receiving Area
Bulk Storage
Area
Rack Storage
Area
Order Picking Area
Packaging or Unitizing Area
Staging Area

Selecting The Storage/Retrieval

Physical Characteristics of goods Packaging at the arrival Composition of out going lots

Stack

Rack

Drawers

Characteristics of goods  Packaging at the arrival  Composition of out going lots Stack Rack
Characteristics of goods  Packaging at the arrival  Composition of out going lots Stack Rack
Sizing Receiving &Shipping The Number of Truck Dock ND d t Q T ND =
Sizing Receiving &Shipping
Sizing Receiving &Shipping

The Number of Truck Dock

ND

d

t

Q

T

ND = [dt/QT]

: Number of Dock Truck

: Daily demand from all order

: Average time required to load/unload a truck : Truck Capacity

: Daily time available to load/unload a truck

order : Average time required to load/unload a truck : Truck Capacity : Daily time available
order : Average time required to load/unload a truck : Truck Capacity : Daily time available
Example Average daily demand is 27.000 units, outgoing shipment are performed by trucks, with capacity
Example Average daily demand is 27.000 units, outgoing shipment are performed by trucks, with capacity

Example

Average daily demand is 27.000 units, outgoing

shipment are performed by trucks, with capacity

equal to 850 units. Average time to load a truck is 280 minutes and 15 working hours are available every day

Number of dock truck:

ND = [d.t/Q.T]

ND = [27.000x280/850x(15x60)]

ND

= 10

hours are available every day Number of dock truck: N D = [d.t/Q.T] ND = [27.000x280/850x(15x60)]
hours are available every day Number of dock truck: N D = [d.t/Q.T] ND = [27.000x280/850x(15x60)]
Storage Policy – – –   –   1. Dedicated Storage policy: Product

Storage Policy

Storage Policy – – –   –   1. Dedicated Storage policy: Product is
– – –   –  

1. Dedicated Storage policy:

Product is assigned at pre-established set position Easy to implement but causes an under utilization

2. Random Storage policy:

Product allocation is decided dynamically on the basis of:

Current warehouse occupation Future arrival and request-forecast

Allow a higher utilization of space but requires:

Each item be automatically identified Update database of current position of all items

of space but requires: Each item be automatically identified Update database of current position of all
Storage Policy 3. Class Based Storage policy: – – Product are divided into a number
Storage Policy 3. Class Based Storage policy: – – Product are divided into a number

Storage Policy

3. Class Based Storage policy:

Product are divided into a number of

categories according to their demand

Each category is associated with asset of zones where the goods are stored according to random storage policy

demand Each category is associated with asset of zones where the goods are stored according to
demand Each category is associated with asset of zones where the goods are stored according to
Sizing of Storage Area  Dedicated Storage policy: n MD = ∑ max I j
Sizing of Storage Area
Sizing of Storage Area

Dedicated Storage policy:

n

MD = max Ij(t)

MD

j=1

: Number of required storage location

Ij(t) : Inventory level of item j at time t

n

: Number of item

Random Storage policy:

Mr = maxIj(t) MD

level of item j at time t  n : Number of item Random Storage policy:
level of item j at time t  n : Number of item Random Storage policy:
Example of Storage Area  Product A B Lot 500 200 Safety Stock 100 80
Example of Storage Area  Product A B Lot 500 200 Safety Stock 100 80

Example of Storage Area

Product

A

B

Lot

500

200

Safety Stock

100

80

Dedicated Storage policy:

MD = max Ij(t)

= 600 +280 = 880

Random Storage policy:

Mr = maxIj(t) MD

= 600 + 180 = 780

MD = ∑ max Ij(t)  = 600 +280 = 880 Random Storage policy: Mr =
MD = ∑ max Ij(t)  = 600 +280 = 880 Random Storage policy: Mr =
Length and Width of Storage Length: Width : Dimana: L x = ( a x

Length and Width of Storage

Length and Width of Storage Length: Width : Dimana: L x = ( a x +
Length and Width of Storage Length: Width : Dimana: L x = ( a x +

Length:

Width :

Dimana:

Lx = ( ax + ½ wx )nx

Ly = ( ay ny +

wy )

ax : Occupation of a unit load along the direction of x ay : Occupation of a unit load along the direction of y wx: Width of side aisle along the direction of x wy: Width of side aisle along the direction of y

nx: number of storage location along the direction of x ny: number of storage location along the direction of y

of y n x: number of storage location along the direction of x n y: number
A Traditional Storage Zone W x W y L x L y
A Traditional Storage Zone W x W y L x L y
A Traditional Storage Zone
A Traditional Storage Zone
A Traditional Storage Zone W x W y L x L y

Wx

W x W y

Wy

W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y
W x W y L x L y

L x

W x W y L x L y

L y

A Traditional Storage Zone W x W y L x L y
Model of Sizing The Storage Zone Minimize: 1  n  w  y y
Model of Sizing The Storage Zone
Minimize:
1
n
w
y
y
y
x
w
  n
x
x
2
v
2 v
Subject to:
n
n n
m
x
y
z
n
n
0 , integer
x
y
Determining nx and ny  Number of Storage Location Along Y Direction 2 m 
Determining nx and ny
 Number of Storage Location Along Y Direction
2 m
 
x
1 2 w
x
n' 
y
 n
y
z
 Number of Storage Location Along X Direction
m
y
n' 
x
2
n
 
z
x
1
2 w
x
n  n '
and
n  n '
x
x
y
y
n'  x 2 n    z x 1 2 w  x 
Example Berapa ukuran luas gudang untuk menampung produk A 1. 2. 3. 4. dan B
Example Berapa ukuran luas gudang untuk menampung produk A 1. 2. 3. 4. dan B
Example
Example

Berapa ukuran luas gudang untuk menampung produk A

1.

2.

3.

4.

dan B diatas jika:

Jika setiap pallet produk A dan B memiliki dimensi yang sama dan memerlukan 1.05x1.05 m2 area.

Barang akan diletakkan diatas rak dimana setiap raknya

terdiri atas 4 tingkat.

Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m

Cara penempatan barang dengan menggunakan random

policy

tingkat. Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m Cara penempatan barang dengan
tingkat. Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m Cara penempatan barang dengan
Example 780  1.05 n ' x   6.05 3.5 2   4
Example
780
1.05
n
' x 
 6.05
3.5
2
 
4
1.05
2
3.5
2
780
1.05
2
n
' y 
 32.25
1.05
4
Example • n x = 6 and n y = 33 • Length: L x
Example • n x = 6 and n y = 33 • Length: L x

Example

nx = 6 and ny = 33

Length: Lx = ( ax + ½ wx )nx

= ( 1.05 +(3.5/2))x6

= 16.8 m

Width : Ly = ( ay nx + wy )

= (1.05x33+4)

= 39.65 m

x + ½ w x )n x = ( 1.05 +(3.5/2))x6 = 16.8 m • Width
x + ½ w x )n x = ( 1.05 +(3.5/2))x6 = 16.8 m • Width
Case  Suatu sistem logistik terdiri atas satu unit produksi, satu depot dan 10 agen.

Case

Suatu sistem logistik terdiri atas satu unit produksi, satu depot dan 10 agen. Unit produksi berkapasitas 100.000 unit per tahun, ongkos set up sebesar Rp.25.000.000/set up dan ongkos simpan pada eselon produksi sebesar Rp. 20.000/unit/tahun,

simpan pada eselon produksi sebesar Rp. 20.000/unit/tahun, waktu pengiriman barang dari unit produksi ke depot 1
simpan pada eselon produksi sebesar Rp. 20.000/unit/tahun, waktu pengiriman barang dari unit produksi ke depot 1

waktu pengiriman barang dari unit produksi ke

depot 1 bulan sedangkan dari depot ke rertailer ditunjukkan pada tabel berikut. Ongkos pemesanan dari depot ke unit produksi sebesar Rp 1000.000/pesan, dan ongkos transport dari unit

produksi ke depot sebesar Rp. 50.000/unit,

sedangkan ongkos simpan pada eselon depot sebesar Rp.40.000/unit/tahun. Adapun data pada agen ditunjukkan pada tabel berikut

Data Pada Agen Agen A j j Rp/Psn 1 50000 2 40000 3 30000 4

Data Pada Agen

Agen

A j

j

Rp/Psn

1 50000

2 40000

3 30000

4 60000

5 75000

6 65000

7 70000

8 60000

9 55000

70000

10

H j

B j

D j

S j

L dj

Rp/unit/thn Rp/unit

unit/thn

unit/thn

thn

4000

50000

5000

500

0.05

6000

50000

4000

400

0.03

8000

35000

4500

500

0.10

10000

40000

5000

500

0.10

12000

40000

6000

600

0.05

8000

30000

5500

550

0.05

10000

40000

6000

600

0.10

8000

45000

5000

500

0.05

12000

50000

4000

400

0.05

8000

40000

5000

500

0.03

C dj

Rp/unit

9500

8000

9000

8000

6000

6000

9000

6000

6000

5000

5000 500 0.03 C d j Rp/unit 9500 8000 9000 8000 6000 6000 9000 6000 6000
5000 500 0.03 C d j Rp/unit 9500 8000 9000 8000 6000 6000 9000 6000 6000
Berapa ukuran luas gudang di unit produksi, depot dan setiap agen: 1. Jika setiap pallet

Berapa ukuran luas gudang di unit produksi, depot dan setiap agen:

1. Jika setiap pallet produk memiliki dimensi yang sama dan

2.

3.

4.

memerlukan 1.2x1.2 m2 area.

Barang akan diletakkan diatas rak dimana setiap raknya

terdiri atas 3 tingkat.

Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m

Cara penempatan barang dengan menggunakan random

policy

tingkat. Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m Cara penempatan barang dengan
tingkat. Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m Cara penempatan barang dengan
tingkat. Lebar gang utama adalah 4 m dan gang lainnya 3,5 m Cara penempatan barang dengan