Sie sind auf Seite 1von 6

ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN (J.T.) – MODULE 2

c.

Case hardening

1. In

a

pair

of

gears,

is

the

plane

d. Soaking

10. What happens to a drill if the operating speed is too fast?

perpendicular to the axial plane and tangent to the pitch

a.

Drill will crack

surface.

b.

Drill will become overheated and will bend

a.

Pitch

c.

Drill will become overheated and will be drawn

b.

Pitch plane

from the steel

c. Pitch circle

d.

Drill will become very dull and wear dust

d. Pitch point

11. Which of the following is not a structural steel class?

2.

The phenomenon of continuous stretching under load

a.

Low carbon steel

even if the stress is less than the yield point:

b.

Stainless steel

a.

Elasticity

c.

Medium carbon steel

b.

Ductility

d.

Tool and die steel

c. Plasticity

d. Creep

12. The section modulus of a rectangle of base “b” and height “h” about its base is:

3.

The machinery operation whereby done with the work

a.

bh 2 /6

accurately fastened has a reciprocating (forward and

b.

bh 3 /3

backward) motion and the tool head is stationary.

c.

bh 2 /12

a.

Shaping

d.

bh 3 /12

b.

Planing

13. A material that should be avoided in constructing wood

c.

Turning

pattern:

d.

Reaming

a.

Sap wood

4.

Finding the resultant of two or more forces is called:

b.

Kiln dried wood

a. Coplanar forces

c.

Heart wood

b. Non-coplanar

d.

Core portion of wood

c. Couple

d. Composition

14. The gradual chemical reaction by other substance such that metal is converted to an oxide or other compounds:

5.

The capacity of metal to withstand load without breaking

a.

Corrosion

is:

b.

Cheaping

a.

Strength

c.

Rusting

b.

Stress

d.

Weathering

c.

Elasticity

Strain

15. The center of gravity of a solid pyramid or cone with a

d.

total height of H is:

6.

Outstanding safety record contributes to:

a.

¼ H

a.

High productivity and quality of work

b.

3/5 H

b.

Outstanding performance that expects reward from

c.

1/3 H

 

management.

d.

½ H

 

c.

Confidence in foremen’s ability to perform well.

16. Which do not belong to foundry or metal casting shop?

d.

Pride and enthusiasm to one-self.

a.

Shake-out machine

7.

A

type

of

coupling

that allows slight amount of

b.

Molding machine

torsional/angular

flexibility due to introduction with

c.

Coremaking

some elastic material cylindrically wrapped around the

d.

Forging machine

bolts in the flange.

17. What is the property of a material which resists force

a.

Simple elastic bonded coupling

 

acting to pull the material apart?

b.

Elastic-material bushed coupling

a.

Shear strength

c.

Elastic-material bonded coupling

b.

Tensile strength

d.

All of these

 

c.

Torsional strength

8. a

In

uniformly

loaded

beam,

the

maximum

vertical

d.

Compressive strength

shearing force occurs

18. The reciprocal of diametral pitch equivalent to the ratio

a.

At the center

of pitch diameter to the number of teeth:

b.

At the section of maximum moment

a.

Lead

c.

At beam bottom fiber

b.

Clearance

d.

At either end support

c.

Module

9. Copper and most of its alloys can be hardened by:

d.

Involute

a.

Patenting

19. What is the difference between brass and bronze?

b.

Cold working

1

a.

Brass is composed of copper and zinc while bronze

c. Spur gear

is composed of copper and tin.

d. Helical gear

b.

Brass is composed of copper and zinc while bronze is basically copper and tin plus non-ferrous alloy such as manganese, aluminium and chromium.

28. The hardness of helical and herringbone gear teeth after heat treatment is 210 to 300 Brinell Hardness, for gear and pinion is at:

c.

Bronze is reddish in color while brass is a mixture of

a.

360 Brinell min

copper and antimony.

b.

400 Brinell max

d.

Bronze is mostly an alloy of copper and tin while

c.

340 – 360 normally

brass is a mixture of copper and antimony.

d.

All of the above

20. The first derivative with respect to velocity of kinetic

29. The

path

of

contact

in

involute

gears

where

the

energy is:

force/power

is

actually

transmitted.

It

is

a

straight

a.

Power

imaginary

line

passing

through

the

pitch

point

and

b.

Energy

tangent to the base circle.

 

c.

Momentum

a.

Principle reference plane

 

d.

None of these

b.

Pitch point

 

21. The arbitrary modification by removing a small portion of

c.

Front angle

a

tooth material at the tip of the gear tooth is called:

d.

Line of action

 

a.

Tip removal

30. What is the difference between a shaper and a planer?

b.

Tip undercut

a.

The tool of the shaper moves while on the planer is

c.

Tip relief

stationary.

d.

Pressure angle cut

b.

The shaper can perform slotting operation while the

The shaper handles large pieces while the planar

22. Types of V-belt to use in a driving pulley with speed of 360 rpm and transmitting 5 hp:

c.

planer cannot.

a.

Type C belts

handles only small pieces.

b.

Type B belts

d.

The

tool

of the shaper moves in reciprocating

c.

Type A belts

motion while the tool in the planar moves in rotary

d.

Type D belts

motion.

23. What type of gears that can transmit power at an angle?

31. What is the metal characteristics to withstand forces that

a.

Helical gear

cause twisting?

b.

Worm gear

a.

Torsional strength

c.

Bevel gear

b.

Modulus of elasticity

d.

Herringbone gear

c.

Twisting moment

24. liquid metal:

A

d.

Elasticity

a.

Mercury

32. In greater quantity this element is harmful to the ferrous

b.

Lead

metal:

c.

Zinc

a.

Sulphur

d.

Aluminium

b.

Silicon

25. An object thrown upward will return to earth with a

c.

Zinc

magnitude of the terminal velocity equal to:

d.

Aluminium

a.

Zero

33. To prevent leakage in dynamic seal:

b.

One-half of the initial velocity

 

a.

Gaskets

c.

Twice the initial velocity

 

b.

Seals

d.

The initial velocity

 

c.

Felts

26. Used

in

conjunction

with

circular

cross sectional

d.

Packings

members to retain oil and prevent dirt, foreign particles,

34. It has molybdenum alloy except:

moisture and to permit pressure differential between

a.

SAE 43xx

exterior and interior of the applied part:

b.

SAE 41xx

a.

Seal

c.

SAE 6xxx

b.

Gasket

d.

SAE 2xxx

c.

Safety shield

35. A type of gear tooth cut inside a cylinder or ring:

d.

Packing

a.

Rack gear

27. Commonly used in parallel-shaft transmission especially

b.

Ring gear

when a smooth, continuous section is essential as in high

c.

Miter gear

speed drives up to 12,000 fpm:

d.

Internal gear

a.

Bevel gear

36. Flexible

material

used to seal

pressurized

fluids,

b.

Herringbone gear

normally under dynamic condition:

 

2

a. Nylon

b. Seal

b. Lube oil is not pressurized

c. There is no lube oil

c.

Teflon

d. Bearing is lightly loaded

d.

Packing

46. One of the following materials is unsuitable as a bearing:

37. Cast alloy steel for very high temperature application:

a. Teflon

a.

Manganese-nickel steel castings

b.

Low carbon steel

b.

High-chrome steel castings

c. Cast iron

c.

Chrome-nickel steel castings

d. Nylon

d.

High manganese casting

38. What heat treatment process can cast steel materials of

47. Safety features that must be placed and maintained at machine, blacksmith, welding and foundry shop.

high chrome, high manganese, etc. type of steel be

a.

b.

Safety goggle

subjected for the purpose of machining process?

Walkaway guide

a.

Annealing

c.

Safety notices in markings

b.

Tempering

d.

All of these

c. Normalizing

d. Quenching

39. Galvanized steel plate is a plate coated with:

a.

b.

c. Zinc

d. Manganese

Aluminium

Tin

40. Major component of bronze casting:

a.

b.

c.

d. Lead

Copper

Manganese

Zinc

41. Split pulley or pulley made of separate sections bolted

48. The angle, at the base cylinder of an involute gear, that the tooth makes with the gear axis:

a. Base helix angle

b.

c.

d. Arc of approach

Pressure angle Arc of recess

49. A kind of thread that is generally used:

a. UNEC

b.

c.

UNEF

d.

UNC

UNF

50. Which is not the generally used standard

a. ASTM

together at the rim, the maximum speed should be

b.

SAE

limited to about

% of the maximum speed of solid

c.

IPS

pulley.

d.

AISI

a.

65 to 75%

51. Alloy steel known for its resistance to corrosion, abrasion

b.

45 to 50%

and wear that is usually ideal for mill grinding of ore in

c.

55 to 60%

cement

and concentrator application. It is usually

d.

80 to 90%

combined

with

molybdenum

to increase the depth

42. Fillet radius in machine parts is usually introduced to:

hardening:

 

a.

Improve the look of the parts.

a.

Manganese chromium steel

b.

Reduce concentration of stress and extend the life

b.

Chromium molybdenum steel

of parts.

c.

Chrome-nickel-moly steel

c.

To avoid obstruction.

d.

Manganese-moly steel

d.

Necessary to lessen casting weights.

43. Type of bolt commonly used in the construction that is

52. Commonly utilized/cheapest shaft material available in the market with carbon content of 0.28 to 0.34%C.

threaded in both ends:

a.

SAE 4132

a.

Stud bolts

b.

SAE 4320

b.

Acme threaded bolts

c.

SAE 1030

c.

Square threaded bolts

d.

SAE 4130

d.

Hex bolts

53. In a pair of gears it is the plane that contains the two

44. Heating of the metal to a temperature above the critical

slowly usually in the

temperature

and

then

cooling

axis, in single gear, it may be any plane containing the axis and the given point.

furnace

to

reduce

the hardness and improve

a.

Axial plane

machinability is called:

b.

Pitch plane

a.

Annealing

c.

Normal plane

b.

Tempering

d.

All of the above

c.

Normalizing

 

54. Accident prevention is:

d.

Quenching

a. An association of employers, organization and

45. A hydrostatic bearing is one which:

individuals

a. The lube oil is supplied under pressure

b. A job of a safety director

3

 

c.

The

foreman’s

responsibility

just

as

much

as

a.

SAE 1060

 

production

 

b.

SAE 1117

 

d.

The responsibility of top management

 

c.

SAE 1030

55.

Heating of metal above the critical temperature and then

d.

SAE 1020

cooling

slowly

usually in

the

furnace

to

reduce

the

64. A circle bounding the bottoms of the teeth:

hardness and improve the machinability is called:

a.

Addendum circle

a.

Normalizing

b.

Addendum cylinder

b.

Annealing

c.

Pitch circle

c.

Tempering

d.

Dedendum circle

d.

Quenching

65. A unit deformation is called:

56.

A type of welding whereby a wire or powder from the

a.

Torsion

nozzle of

a spray

gun

is fused by

a gas flame, arc

or

b.

Strain

plasma jet and the molten particles are projected in a

c.

Stress

form of a spray by means of compressed air or gas.

d.

Shear

a.

Electro-slug welding

Electro-beam welding

66. An oil storage roof formed to approximately a spherical

b.

surface, supported only at its periphery:

c.

Plasma-arc welding

a.

Self-supporting umbrella roof

d.

Metal spray welding

b.

Self-supporting cone roof

57. Killed steel is very much associated with:

c.

Self-supporting

a.

Manganese

d.

Supporting cone roof

b.

Sulphur

67. Test sometimes referred to as an upsetting test:

c.

Phosphorous

a.

Bend

d.

Silicon

b.

Flaring

58. The concave portion of the tooth profile where it joins

c.

Flange

the bottom of the tooth space.

d.

Crush

a.

Fillet curve

Fillet

68. An oil storage roof formed to approximately the surface

b.

of a right cone, supported only at its periphery:

c.

Undercut

a.

Self-supported umbrella roof

d.

Plane

b.

Self-supported dome roof

59. The length of arc between the two sides of a gear tooth

c.

Supported cone roof

on the pitch circle:

d.

Self-supporting cone roof

a.

Circular thickness

 

69. Have the same thermal and minimum film thickness

b.

Axial plane

 

limitation as sleeve bearing:

c.

Helix angle

 

a.

Ball bearing

d.

Chordal angle

 

b.

Roller bearing

60. It is hardening treatment whereby a cast metal is being

c.

Thrust bearing

heated

to

a

very

high

temperature

then suddenly

d.

Oil whip

subjected to rapid cooling to improve hardenability or wear resistance is called:

70. Test is designed primarily for application to electric- welded tubing for detection of lack of penetration or

a.

Normalizing

overlaps from flash removal in the weld:

b.

Tempering

a.

Buttweld

c.

Quenching

b.

Paste

d.

Annealing

c.

Lap weld

61. To reduce cost in the manufacturing of large worm gears

a.

Alloyed aluminium rim with cast iron spider.

d.

Double butt weld

the materials to utilize:

71. Is a form of correction that develop on a highly localized areas on a metal surface:

b.

Bronze rim with cast steel spider.

a.

Crevice

c.

All of these

b.

Erosion

d.

Cast iron rim with bronze spider.

c.

Galvanic

62. The differential of the shear equation is which one of the

a.

Bending moment of the beam.

d.

Apitting

following:

72. The deterioration of organic coating characterized as completely:

b.

Load of the beam.

a.

Chalking

c.

Tensile strength of the beam.

b.

Rusting

d.

Slope of the elastic curve.

c.

Checking

63. SAE steel that responds to heat treatment:

d.

Fritting

4

73.

74.

A gear is one which is 90 deg that is become a plane:

a.

b.

c.

d. Spiral bevel gear

A machine used for testing of very thin steel or surface layers:

the pitch cone has

Angular gear

Crown gear

Miter gear

82. The corrosion of iron or iron-base-alloys:

a. Rusting

b.

c.

d.

Crazing

Chalking

Fritting

83. The ratio of stress to the corresponding strain below the proportional limit

a. Stress-strain diagram

 

a. Charpy test

b. Gage method

b.

Izod test

c.

Modulus of elasticity

c.

Description

d.

Tensile strength

d.

Rockwell superficial

84. A fillet weld whose size is equal to the thickness of the

75.

A

cone formed by elements which are perpendicular to

thinner joint member:

the elements of the pitch cone at the large end:

a.

Butt weld

a.

Cone distance

b.

Tack weld

b.

Back cone

c.

Lap weld

c.

Root cone

d.

Full-fillet weld

d. Cone center

76. The temperature above which the alloy is liquid and will run:

a.

b.

c.

d. Liquidus

Melting point

Flow point

Pour point

77. A weld made to hold the parts of a weldment in proper

alignment until the final welds are made:

85. A bevel gear of the same size mounted on a shafts at 90 deg:

a. Crown gear

b.

c.

d.

Spur gear

Angular gears

Miter gears

86. Gearing in which the motion or power that is transmitted

friction between the surface in

depends

contact:

upon

the

a.

Butt weld

a.

Bevel cones

b.

Tack weld

b.

Spur friction wheels

c. Fillet weld

c.

Evans friction cones

d. Full fillet weld

d.

Friction gearing

78. Is used to enable milling machine to take climb milling cuts:

a. Helical driving mechanism

87. Wheels are sometimes used for the transmission of high

power when an approximately constant velocity ratio is desired:

b.

Spindle

a.

Bevel cones

c. Read out

b.

Friction gearing

d. Backlash eliminator

c.

Spur friction wheels

79. The total amount of permanent extension of the gage

d.

Evans friction cones

length measured after the specimen has fractured and is expressed as percentage increase of the original gage

88. A corrosion occurs within the or adjacent to a crevice formed by contact with another piece of the same or

length:

another metal:

a.

Elongation

 

a.

Pitting

b.

Strain

b.

Galvanic

c.

Stress

c.

Erosion

d.

Elastic limit

d.

Crevice

80. refers to any layer or deposit of extraneous material on

It

a

heat-transfer surface:

 

89. A weld of approximately trtiangular cross-section that join two surface at approximately right angles as in lap

a.

Low line

 

joint, tee-joint, corner joint:

b.

Pressure drop

 

a.

Single welded lap joint

c.

Fouling

b.

Fillet weld

d.

Scaling

c.

Tack weld

81. Steels

containing

large

amounts

of

mild

nickel

and

d.

Butt weld

chromium:

90. An alloy of tin, copper, antimony, or sometimes lead:

a.

Carbon steel

a.

Gold

b.

Stainless steel

b.

Babbitt

c.

Alloy steel

c.

Aluminium

d.

Cast steel

d.

Cast iron

5

91. A

weld

place

in

a

groove

between

two

abutting

a.

Cycloidal gears

members:

 

b.

Helical gears

a.

Full-fillet weld

 

c.

Spur gears

b.

Tack weld

 

d.

Toothed gears

c.

Butt weld

 

d.

Fillet weld

 

-

End -

92. A test for pipe used for coiling in sizes 2 inches:

a.

b.

c.

d.

Flaring

Crush

Flange

Bend

93. The follower reciprocates or oscillates in a plane parallel

to the axis of rotation:

a.

Cam curves

b.

Cylindrical cam

c.

Tangential cam

d.

Radial cam

94. Strength

that is of a stress intensity

determined by considering the maximum test load to act over the original area of the test specimens:

of

a

material

a.

Yield point

b.

Ultimate strength

 

c.

Breaking strength

d.

Elastic limit

95. follower

The

reciprocates

or

oscillates

in

a

plane

perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the cam:

a.

Cam curves

b.

Cylindrical cam

c.

Tangential cam

d.

Radial cam

96. Impacts of reciprocating motion to a single-point cutting tool:

a.

Dividing head

b.

Slotting attachment

c.

Circular pitch

d.

Circular milling attachment

97. A joint between two overlapping members in which the

member is welded with a fillet

overlapped edge of one weld:

a.

A single welded lap joint

b.

Double-welded lap joint

c.

A single-welded lap joint with backing

d.

Tack weld

98. Weld-metal impact specimen shall be taken across the weld face substantially parallel to and within:

a.

b.

c.

d.

¾ in

1/32 in

¼ in

1/16 in

99. The maximum stress which is reached during a tension test:

a.

Stress

b.

Elasticity

c.

Strain

d.

Tensile strength

100.If gears cannot connect parallel shafts, they are called:

6