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Original Title: CE432 L15 BeamDesign Shear

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Shear stress: = VQ / Ib

Shear Buckling

http://www.lusas.com/case/bridge/critical_buckling_analysis.html

Shear Stiffeners

The three zones

SCM Chapter G

Cv is the parameter that accounts for slenderness Aw is the area of the web

Finding kv

Try this

Solution

Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners, A992 steel, bent about its major j axis (strong ( g axis shear). )

Vn = 0.6 (50 ksi)[(15.7)(0.25)] ksi)[(15.7)(0.25)] Cv Vn = 117.75 Cv h/t h/ tw = 56.8 > 2.24*sqrt 2.24*sqrt(29000 (29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) )= 53.6 Use SCM G2.1(b)

Continued

kv = 5; (h/t (h/tw < 260) h/t h/ tw = 56.8 < 1.10 1.10*sqrt 1.10*sqrt sqrt(5*29000 sqrt(5 (5*29000 (5 29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) ) = 59.2 Cv = 1.0 Vn = 118 kips

Answer:

Try this

Solution

Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners, A992 steel, bent about its minor axis ( (weak axis shear). )

Compute Aw

Aw = 2 (5.5)(0.345) = 3.795 in2 bf/2tf = 7.97 Plastic Limit = 1.10*sqrt 1.10*sqrt(1.2*29000/50) (1.2*29000/50) = 29 Cv = 1 Vn = 0.6 (50 ksi) ksi) (3.795 in2) (1) = 114 k

Check Slenderness

Compute Vn

More Shear

Round HSS

Deflections are not Safety Related

Deflection Behavior

This was covered in the prerequisite material (mechanics of materials) Beam deflections are computed taking into account span, load distribution, cross sectional geometry, material stiffness, and support conditions. See SCM Beam Table 3 3-23 (pg 3 3-211) for some useful beam tables.

Actual Deflections

Allowable Deflections

Compute using methods of structural mechanics. The ASCE 7 load combinations DO NOT APPLY.

SCM L3

We are interested in ACTUAL deflections so the LRFD load combinations dont make sense in this context For load combinations, use what makes sense for the application

Other Considerations

Try this

Solution

Find the lightest W section that will cause deflections to be less that L/360 when a 36 ft long g simply p y supported pp beam is subject to a uniform live load of 2.5 k/ft.

max = (5wL4)/(384EIx) < L/360 Ix > (1800wL3)/(384E) Ix > 2,715 in4 See Ix table (SCM Table 3 3-3, pg 33-20) W27x84

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