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COHESIVE DEVICES

Task 1
Read the short story below.

The election is coming. I hope I will be elected. People should vote for me
as I have better qualification to be a leader. As a leader, leadership skills
are important. I will bring my sexy wife with me during the campaign. She
has the killer body curve of Kim Kardashian. Her smile is worth RM10 million,
which is double the amount I spent on bribing the people to vote for me.
I love Justin Beiber. I dream about him every day and night just like I used
to drink about spending quality time with my wife. He was so amazing in
my dreams. Actually the term 'she' is more appropriate for Justin due to his
feminine side. I can imagine when she is dancing and at the same time
shaking like Hyuna in Gangnam style. I always try to love my wife more; I try
and try but she is more amazing. I hope that Justin Beiber will appear on
election day.

NOTES
Cohesive Devices
I.

Lexical Cohesion
a. Direct repetition
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b. Word families
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c. Synonyms
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d. Antonyms
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e. Substitution with one/ones
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II.

Grammatical Cohesion
a. Reference: pronouns, articles
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b. Substitution of clause elements using so, not, do/does/did, etc.
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c. Ellipsis of clause elements
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d. Conjuncts (linkers)
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e. Comparatives
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f. Tense
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III.

Rhetorical Cohesion
a. Question answer
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b. Parallelism
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Task 2
Focusing on the sentences in bold, analyse the use of cohesive devices in the short
story below.
Once upon a time, there was an elephant in a zoo. The elephants
name is Jumbo

(1)

. Jumbo is a male. Jumbo is black

(2)

. Jumbos cage is beside

a tigers cage. Tiger and Jumbo are best friends. Dumbo is the name of the tiger.
Jumbo has a crush on Dumbo. However, Dumbo doesnt realize about his
feeling

(3)

. Furthermore, there was a third party in the relationship

Bimbo the crocodile. It is a complicated relationship

(4)

. Its

(5)

. Bimbo thinks he is

the king of the zoo. Bimbo is ready to do whatever it takes to get Jumbo. But Annie
the giraffe likes Dumbo.
Then, upon finding out the monkey business going on, the zookeeper set fire
to the zoo. The monkeys in the zoo heard the news; they decided to help set the
fire. This is what should have been done a long time ago they said. The result
was devastating but Jumbo survived and he suffered third-degree burns
(6)

. So, he decided to go for a plastic surgery. No one ever knew that from the

beginning of the story, Jumbo actually suffered from a mental disorder. Jumbo hates
everyone. Deep in Jumbos heart, he is actually hoping for a normal relationship.
Unfortunately, he didnt make it through the plastic surgery. He died.
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Task 3

Identify the cohesive devices used in the advertisement below.