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Broadcast of anime in Panamas national television between 1974 - 2000.

by: Rolando Jos Rodrguez De Len

University of Panama 2009 i

Index
Sources................................................................................................................................ 1 Objectives........................................................................................................................... 2 Limitations......................................................................................................................... 2 Anime not listed................................................................................................................ 4 Presence of new anime per channel.............................................................................. 5 Re-runs of anime............................................................................................................... 7 Ads on TV Gua and Tele Gua...................................................................................... 9 Anime broadcasted per channel.................................................................................... 11 TVN Channel 2.......................................................................................................... 12 TVN Channel 4.......................................................................................................... 17 TVN Channel 5.......................................................................................................... 22 TVN Channel 13........................................................................................................ 25 TVN Channel 21........................................................................................................ 33 Chronological appearances of anime in Panama. ....................................................... 34 Adenndum.......................................................................................................................... 49 SCN Channels 8 and 10................................................................................................... 50 Bibliography....................................................................................................................... 53

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Sources
This research is based on the written information compiled from the following Panamanian sources: Magazines TV Guia: Tele Guia: July 1976 - December 2000 January, May, November and December 1983. January 1984. August 1974 - June 1976 June - August 1974 June - August 1974 June - August 1974

Newspapers

La Estrella de Panama El Matutino El Panama America La Critica

The research covered magazines and newspapers, but only La Estrella de Panama posted the TV listings until August 1974. All newspapers were checked again from the period of June to August 1974, but the information wasnt available. This research covers the five national TV stations that worked under this 26 years period. The Addendum includes the information from SCN TV station from the AFRTS (Armed Forces Radio and Television Service), and why its not included with the national TV stations. The stations included, in chronological order are: Channel 2 TVN: Televisora Nacional, started transmissions in 1961 to the present. Channel 4 RPC: Radio Programas Continentales, started transmissions in 1960. Channel 5 (Panavision 1985-1987; Telecinco 1989) FETV 1990: This closed and opened three times, being the last one FETV (Fundacion para la Educacion en Television), a station subsidized by the Catholic Church that started transmission in 1990. Channel 13 Telemetro: Started transmissions in 1981. Channel 21 RCM: Started transmissions in 1999. On 1996 Corporacin Medcom was formed and it took over Channel 13 and Channel 4.

Objectives
With this research my goal was to obtain a list of anime broadcasted in Panama with

the earliest possible dates. This type of research could help trace a road-map of the arrival of Japanese animation to this continent. As far as my research goes I did not find any works on the subject of anime broadcasts on open television, only a sociological work written by Argentinian Prof. Vanina Papalini on the subject of sociology1.

Limitations
Some TV guides and Tele guides where available at the Ernesto J. Castillero National Library, the Simon Bolivar University Library and the Social Communicationss Faculty Library but nothing pertaining to the year 1984. Both magazines had copies of the month of January available. TV stations named their cartoons time slot with generic names, making it impossible to know what cartoons where showed. Some ads in the magazines announced the anime to be featured and it is the only reference available. These time slots vary from 2 to 3 hours depending on the channel and were presented between 8:00 and 11:00 a.m. and 2:00 to 5:00 p.m. Every channel used different names as can be seen in the chart below. 1991 is the worst year for this trend making it almost impossible to find information about the series transmitted. Generic names of the time slots (per channel) Cartones animados, Comicas, Carnaval de cartones. Dibujos animados, Tira infantil, Comicas, Festival Canal 4 (RPC) de Cartones. Infantiles de Panavision, Infantiles, Clasicos Canal 5 (Panavisin, Telecinco, FETV) infantiles, Comicas, Super comicas dominicales. Cmicas Matutinas, Fantasa Juvenil, Fantasia Canal 13 (Telemetro) Juvenil matutina. Canal 21 (RCM) Tira juvenil, Mega tardes. Canal 2 (TVN)
1. Anime. Mundos tecnolgicos, animacin japonesa e imaginario social. La Crujia Editores

There is also a chart of animations that wasnt available in magazines or newspapers, but a few of those interviewed and myself have recollections of this. The list also includes animations for which I was unable to find an initial date of transmission. Names of the series are in Spanish, just as they it were presented on television. For a better understanding I have included the names in romaji in the charts, and kanji in the chronology. I interviewed the person in charge of the programming at each of the TV stations regarding the programming, and their answers where as follows: Channel 2 TVN: It only had the programing from 2005 to the present. Channel 4 RPC: Had information from recent years never specified which ones, nor would allow access to it. Channel 5 FETV: Shared the information from 1992 to the present, it was disorganized and where mostly contracts and donations list of series. Channel 13 Telemetro: Had information from 1998 to the present, but didnt allow access to it. Channel 21 RCM: Didnt have any information.

Anime not listed


A small number of series were missed in this research, due to the fact that it is almost

impossible to assign a specific date to them. This list is made of those remembered by the interviewed and myself and is not included in the formal list since it was impossible to find any written information. Name in Panama Astroboy Meteoro Ninja Kamui El agente S5 Capitn Centella Japanese name Tetsuwan Atom Match go go go Ninpu Kamui gaiden Sukaiyzu 5 Seigi wo Aisuru hito gekko kamen Year created 1963 1967 1969 1971 1972 Explanation
Remembered by most of the interviewed on a previous dated. Remembered by most of the interviewed and myself on a previous dated. Not listed, but remembered by most of the interviewed. Not listed, but remembered by most of the interviewed and myself. Remembered by most of the interviewed and myself on a previous dated.

Presence of new anime per channel


134 new anime* series were shown in Panama between the years 1974-2000, being

Channel 13 being the one that broadcasted more even though it was at least 20 years younger than Channels 2 and 4, Channel 21 on the other hand just presented one new anime, but it started broadcasting on the year 2000, the last one in this research. Channel 2 Channel 4 Channel 5 Channel 13 Channel 21

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47

25

Fig. 3: Total amount of new anime transmitted from 1974 until 2000.

On figure 4 you can se the amount of series broadcasted by channel on a yearly basis.

The years 1984 and 1991 are blanc because it was impossible to find information about the shows presented, and what little was available didnt show any new series.

*By new anime Im referring to the series broadcast for the first time on Television and not on the date created or presented by any of the Tv stations.

Fig. 4 New anime series broadcasted between 1974 - 2000.

Canal 2

Canal 4

Canal 13

Canal 5

Canal 21

10

6
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

1 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

1988

1989

1990

Channel 2

Channel 4

Channel 13

Channel 5

Channel 21

Re-runs of anime
Another trend for television companies were the re-runs of series in the same or other channels that showed it for the first time. It could take months or years to see these repetitions but the most famous anime in Panama where seen many times and at least in three of the five national channels. In the chart on the right is the list of series that jumped from one channel to another. The numbers in red represents the order of appearance. Re-runs on the same channel are not shown. When comparing the new series against the re-runs by channel it becomes clear that the channels that started broadcasting after the opening of Channel 13 (Telemetro), used more series previously seen, maybe due to betting on anime that people remembered and felt fond of or because of the cheaper price to acquire. Name in Spanish Almendrita ngel rbegas Astroboy Aventuras en Oz Candy candy Capitn Centella Capitn Futuro Conan: El nio del futuro Cuentos de la Selva Dartanias Don quijote Doraemon El Galctico El Gladiador El Justiciero El nio binico El Rey Arturo El Vengador Fbulas del bosque Huckleberry Finn Kimba Laura, la nia de la pradera La casa voladora La mquina del tiempo La pequea Sirenita La ranita de metan La reina de los mil aos Las aventuras de pinocho Leo, el rey len Marino y la patrulla ocenica Mazinger Z Meteoro Mujercitas Yam yam y el genio 7

TV CHANNEL 2 4 5 13 21 1 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 2 1 3 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1

The two of the first three channels in Panama (4 and 13) had a vast majority of new series aired, the contrast is evident with channel 2 and the late arrivals (5 and 21) in which the amount of repetitions from other channels got really close or even surpassed the amount of new series.

First time Channel TVN Channel 2 RPC Channel 4 FETV Channel 5 Telemetro Channel 13 RCM Channel 21 New series Repetitions 25 47 8 53 1 17 5 11 5 3

Re-runs

Ads on TV Gua and Tele Gua


A few ads in the magazines where helpful to find out about a few series that where shown, but its names and schedule were missing in the generic names. Included is an ad for Sandybell (Haro! Sandiberu, 1981) on its Panavision del Itsmo and Telecinco runs. Also theres an ad announcing the Apolon (UFO Senshi Daiapolon, 1976) series with an image of Super magnetron (Magnerobo ga-keen, 1979).

Fig. 8: Scan of an ad in TV Gua (January 1983) which reads: During 1983 the little ones, who preferred us, will have a wonderful time with the new animations, that in full color will bring healthy entertainment: Laura, la pequea nia de la pradera; Cuentos de la mancha; El rey Arturo; Daitan; Gundam; Ideon; Apolon; Conan: Are some of the children series that Telemreto will offer to irs little friends in the slot Fantasia Juvenil from Monday trough Friday at 4:30 p.m. and Tesoro Familiar Sundays at 6:00 p.m.

Fig. 9: Scan of an ad in TV Gua (April 1990) which reads: A new hero arrives and itll be your favorite: Dartanias, space adventures, full of danger and action, defending justice and good, dont miss it on Channel 13 in Fantasa Juvenil.

Fig. 10: Scan of an ad in Tele Gua (January 1983) which reads: Telemetro, Channel 13, the station for the whole family will continue to please the most demanding of all audiences: the little ones! For them we bring new animated series full of color and action, among them: Laura, la nia de la pradera; Cuentos de la mancha; El rey Arturo; Daitan; Gundam; Ideon; Apolon.

Fig. 11: Two ads of the anime series Sandybell, from September 1986 and May 1989. You can see the name of the channels in each, Panavisin and Telecinco, now FETV.

Fig. 12: Scan of an ad in TV Gua (February 1983) which reads: Impressive cartoon with the beauty of the future in each chapter. Avenging and Agile, Apolon fight for good and justice. Get transported to the wonderful world of the future with Apolon, the new cartoon that will be broadcasted by your channel... 13 Mondays on FANTASIA JUVENIL.

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Anime broadcasted per channel.


The range of colors used are the same for every channel in order to facilitate the comprehension of the information presented, and is as follows:

Series broadcasted for the first time. Series broadcasted first on another channel. Series broadcasted by two other channels before. One anime was about to finish and another one to start. No time reference, was an ad on TV Gua or Tele Gua.

11

TVN Channel 2.
Name in Panama Ket pepito, el nio lobo Year created 1963

Japanese name kami shnen ken

Time slot Thu. 3:00 p.m. Fri. 3:00 p.m.

Date transmitted February - July 1981 July - December 1980 January - December 1981 January - October 1982 April - June 1980 January 1984 December 1983 February - November 1985 January 1981 June - December 1981 January 1982 December 1974 January - February 1975 March - April 1975 August - December 1975 August - December 1977 January - July 1978 January - December 1981 January - December 1981 May - August 1982 September - December 1982 January - February 1983 March - October 1983 March 1990 July - August 1990 June 1990 September - December 1990 January 1991

Guerra entre planetas

Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman

1972

Fri. 4:30 p.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Sat. 5:30 p.m. Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. 3:00 p.m. Wed. 4:30 p.m.

Las aventuras de Pepero

Andes shnen pepero no boken

1975

Marino y la patrulla ocenica

Kaitei shnen Marine

1969

Wed. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 4:00 p.m. Mon. 3:30 p.m. Thu. 4:00 p.m. Thu. 5:00 p.m. Mon. 4:30 p.m. Fri. 11:00 a.m. Tue. 5:00 p.m. Thu. 6:00 p.m. Sat. and Sun. 11:30 a.m.

El Capitn Raimar

Uch kaizoku Kyaputen Hrokku

1978

12

Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Honey, honey Hani, hani no suteki na bken 1966 Fri. 4:00 p.m. Fri. 4:00 p.m. Sun. 4:00 p.m. Sat. 4:30 p.m. 1966 Thu. 4:00 p.m. Wed. 2:00 p.m. Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. 5:00 p.m. Tue. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 3:30 p.m. Mon. a Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. a Fri. 3:30 p.m. Fri. 4:00 p.m. Thu. 3:30 p.m. Thu. 4:00 p.m. Thu. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 5:00 p.m.

Leo, el len

Jungle taitei susume leo

May 1986 December 1986 April - June 1980 January 1984 December 1988 February - August 1989 May 1989 June - November 1989 July - December 1978 August 1986 March 1986 December 1986 January - July 1987 August - October 1987 June - August 1986 January - April 1986 September - November 1986 May - December 1987 October - December 1987 January - April 1988 May - July 1988 November 1987 December 1987 June 1988

Meteoro

Match go go go

1967

Mujercitas Los Robinson suizos La magia de Titila

Wakakusa no yon Shimai Kazoku Robinson hyoruki fushigina shima no furne Tongari boushi no memoru

1981

1981

1984

Las aventuras de Duke Flint

UFO Robo gurendaiz

1975

La casa voladora El justiciero Los Gatos Samurai Almendrita

Tondera hausu no daiboken Guroiz X Kyattou Ninden teyandee Oyayubi hime monogatari

1982 1976 1990 1992

Mon. to Sat. January - April 1988 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Wed. July 1988 5:00 p.m. Tue. 3:30 p.m. November - December 1987 Tue. 4:00 p.m. January - April 1988 Tue. 4:30 p.m. May - July 1988 Mon, Wed. and September - December Fri. 9:00 a.m. 1993 Mon. to Fri. April - July 1993 3:30 p.m. Sun. 9:00 a.m. February - May 1994 Sun. 10:00 a.m. June - July 1994 13

La leyenda de Blanca nieves La leyenda del zorro Calendarman Zenki

Shirayuki hime no densetsu Kaiketsu zorro Yattodetaman Kishin dooji zenki

1994 1996 1981 1995

Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

October 1995 June - September 1996 September - October 1996 April - June 1998 July - December 1998 January - March 1999 April - May 1999 July 1999 August - September 1999 January 2000 April - June 1999 June - September 1998 January - March 1999

Las guerreras mgicas

Mah kishi (majikku naito) reisu

1994

Defensor virtuoso Corazn Corazn

Bch Fait Ai no gakko kuore monogatari

1995 1981

Mon, Wed. and Fri. 2:30 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 2:30 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 2:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 2:30 p.m. Mon. 6:00 a.m.

Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:30 p.m.

Pokemon

Poketto monsut

1997

Maxbot Arbegas Bob en una botella La mquina del tiempo

Yamato Takeru Kosoku denjin arubegasu Hakushon daimaou Taimu toraburu tondekeman!

1994 1983 1969 1989

Mon, Wed. and August - December 1999 Fri. 2:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. January - May 2000 2:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. June - December 2000 3:30 p.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. May - July 2000 Sat. 10:00 a.m. August - December 2000 Sat. 9:30 a.m. January - June 1999 Sun. 9:30 a.m. June - November 1999 Sat. 6:00 a.m. January - April 2000 Mon. to Fri. June 1994 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. November - December 1993 10:00 a.m. Tue. 3:30 p.m. September 1995 Mon. 3:30 p.m. October 1995

14

La reina de los mil aos Capitn Centella Angel

Shin taketori monogatari sennen joou Seigi wo Aisuru hito gekko kamen Hana no ko lunlun

1981

1972 1979

Capitn Futuro

Captain Future

1978

Las aventuras de pinocho

Kashi no ki mokku

1972

Kimba

Jungle taitei

1965

Astroboy El Gladiador El Vengador

Tetsuwan atom Daik mary gaikingu Kotetsu jiigu

1963 1976 1975

November - December 1995 January - July 1996 Thu. 3:30 p.m. September 1995 Wed. 3:30 p.m. October 1995 Mon. to Fri. October - December 1992 8:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. March - May 1993 9:00 a.m. Tue. and Thu. December 1995 3:30 p.m. August 1997 Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:30 p.m. October 1997 July - December 1998 Sat. 5:30 a.m. January 1999 January 1986 Thu. 4:30 p.m. March - December 1986 January - June 1987 Sat. 10:30 a.m. June - October 1980 Sat. 9:00 a.m. January - February 1981 Sat. 8:00 a.m. February - April 1982 Sat. 8:00 a.m. February - April 1982 July - December 1980 Fri. 4:00 p.m. March 1986 January 1979 Thu. 4:00 p.m. May - December 1986 January - August 1987 Thu. 3:30 p.m. September 1987 March - September 1995 Mon. to Fri. November - December 1995 8:30 a.m. January - February 1996 Mon, Wed. to August - November 1996 Fri. 9:00 a.m. Tue. 8:30 a.m. August - September 1996 Fri. 4:30 p.m. January - February 1986 Mon. to Fri. June - August 1993 9:00 a.m. Tue. and Thu. September - December 9:00 a.m. 1993 Sun. 8:00 a.m. 15

Mon. to Fri. 10:00 a.m.

February 1995

Dartanias, el robot del futuro El libro de la selva El Galctico

Mirai robo daltanias Janguru bukku shonen mogun Esu Efu saiyuki stajing Entaku no kishi monogatari: Moero s

1979 1989 1978

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Tue. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m.

July 1994 September - October 1994 October - December 1996 December 1995 March - July 1996 October 1997 August - December 1997 August - September 1996 November - December 1997 January 1998 January - March 1998 May 1998 July - December 1998 January - March 1999

El rey Arturo

1979

Mazinger Z mastin

Mazinger Z

1972

Mon. and Wed. 3:30 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:00 p.m. Sat. 6:00 a.m.

16

RPC Channel 4
Name in Panama Year created 1963 1975 1977

Japanese name Tetsujin 28-go Wampaku omukashi kumu kumu Arrow Emburemu guran puri no taka Check individual names. Haha wo tazunete sanzeri Mah no mako-chan Goku no daiboken Kurenai Sanshiro Umi no triton Check individual names. Uch Ace Ysei shonen papii

Time slot Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 10:15 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m.

Date transmitted October - December 1975 January - May 1976 February - April 1981 February - May 1981 June - July 1981 February - December 1981 January - March 1982 May - September 1982 January 1981 October - 1977 January - April 1975 August 1975 November 1975 September 1975 October 1975 October y December 1975 November 1975 September - November 1974

El hombre de acero Kum Kum Gran Prix Gran Prix// Mako la sirena enamorada Marco Mako, la sirena enamorada El invencible Go-ku Sam el rey del judo Tritn Tritn // El As del espacio El As del espacio El prncipe planeta El enmascarado espacial

1976

Wed. 7:00 p.m. Mon, Tue, Thu and Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m.

1970

1967 1969 1972

1965 1965

Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m.

Ysei kamen

1966

17

Astroboy Kimba el Leoncito blanco Las aventuras de pinocho

Tetsuwan atom

1963

Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Thu. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Wed. 7:00 p.m.

December - 1977 January - May 1978 July 1978 January - April 1976 November - December 1978 January - October 1979

Jungle taitei

1965

Kashi no ki mokku

1972

Aguilas del espacio El escuadrn arcoiris Sawamura Robin interplanetario

Tosho Daimosu Rainbow sentai robin Kick no oni Uch patororu hoppa

1978 1966 1970 1965

Candy Candy

Kiyandei kiyandei

1976

Mazinger Z mastin El nio bionico Huckleberry Finn Nave espacial

Mazinger Z Jetter mars Hakkuruberri no bken Uch senkan Yamato

1972 1977 1976 1974

El hada chapie

Mah tsukai chappy

1972

Mon. to Fri. February - March 1982 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. September - October 1981 9:00 a.m. Mon, Tue, Thu November - December 1978 and Fri. January 1979 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. August - December 1979 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. October 1979 4:30 p.m. November - December 1979 Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. February - March 1980 January 1981 November - December 1979 Wed. 7:30 p.m. January - November 1980 May - December 1982 Mon. to Fri. January - February 1983 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. June - December 1980 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. January - March 1980 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. January 1980 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. May - July 1980 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. November 1980 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. July 1981 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. August - November 1981 3:30 p.m.

18

El hada chapie//Los secretos de Julie El oso Jackie El oso Jackie// Candy candy Los secretos de Julie

Check individual names. Shiton dobutsuki kuma no ko jacky Check individual names. Himitsu no akko-chan 1969 1977

Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Wed. 7:30 p.m. Wed. 7:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m.

December - 1981 September - December 1981 January - March 1982 April 1982 January - July 1982 September - December 1982 March - 1983 April - August 1983 December - 1983 September - December 1982 March - April 1983 May - June 1983 March - May 1983 January - March 1985 April - June 1985 July - August 1985 July - August 1978 November - December 1978 January - October 1979 March - May 1985 April 1988 January - April 1975

La princesa Sally

Mahtsukai Sally

1966

Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon, Wed, and Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Wed. 7:30 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 5:00 p.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. 19

Las aventuras del gato csmico Kid Monstruo Adis Josefina El mundo mgico de Gigi Lalabel la nia mgica Fbulas del bosque Heidi Escuadrn 2086 La ranita de metan Yam Yam y el genio

Doraemon Kaibutsu-kun Kujira no hosefiina Mah no purinsesu minky momo Mah shjo lalabel Yama Nezumi Rokky Chakku Alpusu no shj haiji Kagaku kyujotai tekunoboij Kerokko demetan Hakushon daimaou

1979 1968 1979 1982

1980 1973 1974 1982 1973 1969

Sandy y sus Koalas Grupo especial gorila La mquina del tiempo Aventuras en Oz El despertar Cuentos de la selva Poli Rockero

Fushigi na koara burinkii Ak dai sakusen suranguru Taimu toraburu tondekeman! Oz no mahou tsukai Kojika monogatari Janguru bukku shonen mogun Mirai keisatsu urashiman

1984 1983 1989 1984 1983 1989 1983

Sun. 8:00 a.m. Mon. to Thu. 10:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Sun. 8:30 a.m.

November - December 1992 January - December 1993 February - July 1993 May - July 1993 October 1992 September - December 1990 January 1991 January - April 1994 September - December 1993 January - April 1994 June - October 1995 December 2000 December 2000 February - April 1988 January - February 1986 August 1993 August - October 1993 September - October 1993 December 1995 January - June 1996 August 1996 July 1996

PASTICHE: Voltron, el 1. Hyakuj defensor del goraion. universo 2. Kikou kantai Dairugger XV. Slam Dunk Suramu Danku Shin Seiki Evangelio Evangelion Marino y Kaitei shnen la patrulla Marine ocenica Conan: El Mirai shonen nio del Konan futuro

1. 1981 2. 1982 1993 1995 1969 1978

Mon. to Fri. 10:00 a.m. Tue. 7:00 p.m. Tue. 7:30 p.m. Sat. 11:30 a.m. Mon. to Thu. Fri. and Sat. 9:30 a.m. Fri. 9:30 a.m.

La pequea sirenita

Ningyo hime marina no boken

1991

Sat. 10:30 a.m. Sat. 11:00 a.m.

20

El rey Arturo El jinete sable

Entaku no kishi monogatari: Moero s Seijshi bisumaraku

1979

Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 10:30 a.m.

January 1994 March 1994 November 1993 March - May 1996

1984

21

FETV Channel 5
Name in Panama La princesa de los mil aos Year created 1981

Japanese name Shin taketori monogatari sennen joju

Time slot Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

Date transmitted May 1987 September 1986 October - December 1987 January 1988 February - March 1988 April 1990 April 1992 February - March 1989 February 1989 April 1989 October - December 1992 April 1995 June - September 1995 February - August 1996 January - June 1996 July 1996 August - December 1997 March - May 1998 January - October 1996 August - December 1997 January - April 1998 October - December 1996 January - February 1997 September - November 1995 April - September 1996 May 1997 July - October 1998

Sandy Bell

Haro! Sandiberu

1981

Thu. 5:00 p.m. Thu. 5:05 p.m. Wed. and Sun. 11:00 a.m. Thu. and Sun. 6:00 p.m. Tue. 3:00 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 5:00 p.m. Sun. 11:00 a.m. Fri. 5:00 p.m. Sat. 5:00 p.m. Thu. 2:30 p.m. Tue. 5:30 p.m. Tue. 2:30 p.m. Sun. 11:30 a.m. Sun. 11:00 a.m. Fri. 3:00 p.m. Sun. 11:00 a.m. Sun. 11:30 a.m. Tue. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Thu. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 3:00 p.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Sun. 11:30 a.m. 22

Superlibro

Anime oyako gekijo

1981

Calimero y Valeriano Sherlock Holmes El principito

Calimero Mietantei Hmusu Hoshi no ojisama puchi purinsu Torappu ikka monogatari Onegai! Samia don Jungle taitei susume leo Oyayubi hime monogatari

1992 1984

1978

La novicia rebelde El duende mgico Leo, el rey len Almendrita

1991

1985

1966 1992

Don Quijote Laura, la pequea nia de la pradera El estanque arcoiris

Zukkoke naito Don de la mancha Sgen no shjo Lra

1980 1975

Thu. 3:00 p.m. Sun. 11:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Fri. 6:00 p.m. Wed. 5:00 p.m. Mon. 3:00 p.m. Mon. 6:00 p.m. Mon. 5:00 p.m. Sat. 3:00 p.m. Sat. 3:30 p.m.

July - December 1996 May - August 1996 December 1996 January - February 1994 June - October 1994 October - December 1996 January - March 1994 April - December 1994 August 1995 September 1995 December 1995 June - September 1992 May 1994 October 1987 December 1987 January 1988 February - March 1988 June - December 1989 January - February 1985 January 1984 June - December 1989 June - August 2000 September - December 1992 February - May 1993 April - August 1991 April 1991 August - December 1995 October - November 1995 September - December 1996 January - February 1997 April - June 1997

Kerokko demetan

1973

El mago de Oz La casa voladora

Oz no mah tsukai Tondera hausu no daiboken

1984

1982

Sun. 11:00 a.m. Sun. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:35 p.m. Sat. 4:00 p.m. Sat. 1:00 p.m. Thu. 4:00 p.m. Sat. 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 6:00 p.m. Wed. 6:00 p.m. Mon. 6:00 p.m. Mon. and Fri. 6:00 p.m. Tue. 3:30 p.m. Thu. 3:30 p.m. Sun. 11:30 a.m. Sun. 11:00 a.m. 23

Mazinger Z mastin

Mazinger Z

1972

El nio bionico Huckleberry Finn El libro de la selva Kimba

Jetter mars Hakkuruberri no bken Janguru bukku shonen mogun Jungle taitei

1977 1976 1989 1965

Fbulas del verde bosque

Yama Nezumi Rokky Chakku

1973

Fbulas del verde bosque // La novicia rebelde

Check individual names.

Sun. 11:00 a.m. Tue. 2:30 p.m.

July 1997 August - November 1996 January - February 1997 April 1999 February - March 1999

Angel

Hana no ko lunlun

1979

Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m.

24

Telemetro Channel 13
Name in Panama Capitn Futuro Year created

Japanese name

Time slot

Date transmitted November 1981, showed on 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25. December 1981, showed on 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25. November 1981, showed on 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 y 23. December 1981, showed on 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25. January - March 1987 November 1981, showed on 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 y 7. December 1981, showed on 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25. June - July 1994 May 1996 May - June 1998 July - December 2000 September - November 1982 April - December 1982 January - March 1983 April 1987 May 1987

Captain Future

1978

Mon. to Sun. 5:00 p.m.

Angel

Hana no ko lunlun

1979

Mon. to Sun. 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m.

Mon. to Sun. 5:00 p.m. La pequea Lulu Little lulu chitchai namaka 1976 Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Sper magnetrn La abeja Maya Magnerobo Ga-keen Mitsubachi mya no boken 1976 Sun. 6:30 p.m. Sun. 6:00 p.m. Mon. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m.

1975

25

Series included: 1. El Galctico (Esu Efu saiyuki stajing) 2. El Gladiador (Daik mary gaikingu) 3. Super magnetrn (Magnerobo ga-keen) 4. El Vengador (Kotetsu jiigu) Ie naki ko Seigi wo Aisuru hito gekko kamen Uch kbo bl noa

November 1981, showed on 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 y 30.

Festival de Robots*

1. 1978 2. 1976 3. 1979 4. 1975

Mon. to Sun. 5:00 p.m.

December 1981, showed on 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25.

Remi Capitn Centella Blue Noah

1977 1972 1979

Sun. 6:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Sun. 6:30 p.m. Sun. 6:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. (Ad on TV Gua) Mon. to Sat. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon, Wed. y Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Sat. 10:30 a.m. Tue. and Thu. 5:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 5:00 p.m.

April - August 1982 September - November 1982 December - 1982 January - June 1983 January - May 1985 March - April 1988 1983 May - July 1987 November - December 1994 August 1987 March - April 1988 June - July 1997 November - December 1997 January 1998 March - April 1988 May - June 1988

El rey Arturo

Entaku no kishi monogatari: Moero s Tom sawyer no boken PASTICHE: 1. Cho jiku ysai makurosu 2. Kik sski mosupiida 3. Cho jiku kidan Sazan kurosu Kosoko denjin Albegus

1979

Tom Sawyer

1980

Robotech

1. 1982 2. 1983 3. 1984

Arbegas

1983

26

La pequea sirenita Joven Robin Hood Isla del tesoro

Ningyo hime marina no boken Robin huddo no daiboken Takarajima

1991

Mon. to Fri. 10:30 a.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Fri. 3:30 p.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 10:00 a.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Sat. 10:30 a.m. Sun. 1:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m.

April 1993 September - December 1994 February - May 1995 August - October 1995 December 1996 February - July 1995 December 1998 May 1994 November - December 1995 May - October 1997 June 1996 August - December 1995 January - February 1996 September - December 1996 February - May 1995 July - August 1996 January 1996 February - September 1996 March - September 1996 July 1998 September 1998 January - February 1996 September - October 1997 August - November 1996 August 1997

1990

1978

Sabrina Liga de Dragon

Fsen shjo tempuru-chan Doragon riigu

1977

1993

Caballeros del zodiaco

Seitshi seiya (Seinto Seiya)

1986

Zero y el dragn

Doragon bru

1986

Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Sun. 3:30 p.m.

27

Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Goleadores Gru FH (Fiirudohant) 1994 Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Sun. 1:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 1:30 p.m. Sat. 11:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon, Wed, and Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Sat. 11:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon, Wed, and Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

March - April 1996 October - December 1996 July - August 1998 January - May 1997 August 1997 August - December 1997 November - December 1997 January 1998 February 1998 March - May 1998 July - December 1998 March 1998 January - December 1999 January - September 2000 January - May 1997 February - May 1998 July - August 1999 June - July 1997 November - December 1997 January 1998 October - November 1996 December 1996 May - July 1999 January - March 1997 August - December 1997 January - February 1998 April 1999

Dragon ball

Doragon bru

1986

Ninja Robots

Ninja sensei tobikage

1985

Teknoman

Uch nokishi tekkaman burdo

1992

Sailor Moon

Bishjo senshi Sr mn

1992

28

Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Sailor Moon S Bishjo senshi Sr mn S 1994 Mon, Wed, and Fri. 3:00 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 3:00 p.m. Tue. and Thu. 4:30 p.m. 1980 Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon, Tue, Wed, and Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Sat. 8:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 8:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. 29

July - August 1998 October - December 1998 September 1998 August - November 1999 January 1999 February 1999 March 1999 May - July 1999 February - March 1997 May 1997 April 1997 December 1998 August 1997 December 1997 January 1998 February - June 1998 February 1999 March - August 1998 September - December 1998 October - December 1998 January 1999 February 1999

Sailor Moon R

Bishjo senshi Sr mn R

1993

El nuevo hombre de acero Robotech // Zero y el dragon Samurai Warriors

Taiy no shisha Tetsujin 28-go

Check individual names. Yoroiden samurai trooper

1988

Thunder jets Button nose Honey bee hutch

Ginga sengoku gunyuuden rai Yume no hoshi botan nzu Konchu monogatari minashigo hatchi Ruroni Kenshin: Meiji kenkaku romantan

1994 1985 1970

Samurai X

1996

Cobra

Subsu adobench kobura

1982

Mon. 3:00 p.m. Mon. and Fri. 3:30 p.m. Tue, Wed, and Thu. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

December 1998 January 1999 January 1999 July - December 1998 February - December 1999 August - December 2000 October - December 2000 January 2000 February - July 2000

Dragon Ball Z

Doragon Bru Z

1989

PASTICHE: 1. Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman II. Eagle Riders 2. Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman F (Fuait). Star pitcher Samurai Jaiantsu

Dragon Ball Z // Samurai X

Check individual names.

Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

1. 1978 2. 1979

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Sun. 9:00 a.m. Mon, Wed. and Fri. 3:30 p.m.

September - November 1998 December 1999 January - March 2000 February 1999 March - June 1999 July - December 1999 January - December 2000 March - August 1998 April - July 2000 August 2000 December 2000 July 1989

1973

Slayers

Sureiyzu

1995

Ranma 1/2 BtX Caza fantasmas mikami Digimon El jinete sable

Ranma 1/2 BtX

1989 1996

GS Mikami Digimon adobench Seijuushi Bismarck

1993 1999 1984

30

Muteki kjin daitn 3 Kidou senshi Gundam gundan Densetsu kyoshin Ideon Ideon UFO Senshi Apolon Daiapolon Zukkoke naito Don Quijote Don de la mancha Conan: El Mirai shonen nio del Konan futuro Laura, la pequea Shougen no shoujo nia de la Laura pradera Daitan

Dartanias, el robot del futuro

Mirai robo daltanias

1979 1978 1979 1980 1976 1980 1978 Mon. to Sat. 9:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 10:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 4:30 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Tue. 3:00 p.m. Mon. 3:30 p.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. (Ad on magazine)

April 1990

January 1983

January 1983

1975

September - October 1987 August - December 1994 April - June 1995 July 1995 July - August 1998 October - December 1998 January 1999 September 1998 February - May 1995 February - April 1996 September 1999 October - December 1999

Super campeones

Kyaputen Tsubasa

1983

Candy Candy Meteoro Speed Racer The Speed Racer Classic Speed Racer

Kiyandei kiyandei

1976

Match go go go

1967

Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m.

31

Mujercitas

Wakakusa no yon Shimai

1981

Doraemon, el gato csmico

Mon. to Fri. 10:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 9:30 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. 10:00 a.m. Mon. to Fri. 3:00 p.m.

January 1994 February - March 1994 May - June 1995 January - March 1997 September - October 2000 November 1981, se present los das 6, 8, 9, 11, 12 y 14. December 1981, se present los das 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 y 25. December 1986

Doraemon

1979

Fbulas del bosque

Yama Nezumi Rokky Chakku

1973

Mon. to Sun. 5:00 p.m. Mon. a Sat. 9:00 a.m.

32

RCM Channel 21
Name in Panama Gladiadores del espacio El justiciero Conan: El nio del futuro Capitn Centella Year created 1982 1976 1978 1972

Japanese name Gingarepp bakushing Groizer-X Mirai shonen Konan Seigi wo Aisuru hito gekko kamen

Time slot Sun. 7:00 a.m. Sun. 7:30 a.m. Sat. 8:00 a.m. Sat. 7:00 a.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Sat. 7:30 a.m.

Date transmitted September - November 2000 September - November 2000 September 2000 October - November 2000 September 2000 October - November 2000

33

Chronological appearances of anime in Panama.


The chronological order is made of the first pass only, not re-runs or second presentations, for a better understanding, the name is included in romanji. Names followed by a double / include another name used for the same series in a later presentation.

Marino y la patrulla ocenica (1969) Kaitei shnen Marine El Enmascarado espacial (1966) Ysei kamen

1974

Sam el rey del judo (1969) Kurenai sanshiro

1975

Yam yam y el genio // Bob en una botella (1969) Hakushon Daima Triton (1972) Umi no triton El As del espacio (1965) Uch Ace El prncipe planeta (1965) Ysei shonen papii El hombre de acero (1963) Tetsujin 28-go 34

Kimba (1965) Jungle taitei El Invencible Go-ku (1967) Goku no daiboken Astroboy (1963) Tetsuwan atom Fbulas del bosque (1973) Yama nezumi Rokky Chakku Leo el len (1966) Jungle taitei susume leo Aguilas del espacio (1978) Tosho Daimosu Las aventuras de Pinocho (1972) Kashi no ki mokku Heidi (1974) Alpusu no shj haiji

1976

1977

1978

35

El Escuadrn arco iris (1966) Rainbow sentai robin Sawamura (1970) Kick no oni Robin interplanetario (1965) Uch patororu hoppa Candy Candy (1976) Kiyandei Kiyandei El nio bionico (1977) Jetters mars Huckleberry Finn (1976) Hakkuruberri no bken Guerra entre planetas (1972) Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman Nave espacial (1974) Uch senkan Yamato Mazinger Z mastin (1972) Z Mazinger Z

1979

1980

36

Mako, la sirena enamorada (1970) Mah no mako-chan Las aventuras de Pepero (1975) Andes shnen pepero no boken Kum Kum (1975) Wampaku omukashi kumu kumu Gran Prix (1977) Arrow Emburemu guran puri no taka Ket pepito, el nio lobo (1963) kami shonen ken El Hada Chapie (1972) Mahou tsukai chappy El Oso jackie (1977) Shiton dobutsuki kuma no ko jacky La pequea Lulu (1976) Little lulu chitchai namaka Angel (1979) Hana no ko lunlun Capitn Futuro (1978) Captain future

1981

37

El Galctico (1978) Esu Efu saiyuki stajing El Gladiador (1976) Daik mary gaikingu Sper Magnetron (1976) Magnerobo ga-keen El Vengador (1975) Kotetsu jigu Marco (1976) Haha o tazunete sanzan ri La abeja Maya (1975) Mitsubachi mya no boken Remi (1977) Ie naki ko El Capitn Raimar (1978) Uch kaizoku kyaputen Harokku Las aventuras del gato csmico (1979) Doraemon La princesa Sally (1966) Mahtsukai Sally 1982

38

Los secretos de Julie (1969) Himitsu no akko-chan Capitn Centella (1972) Seigi wo aisuru hito gekko kamen Adis Josefina (1979) Kujira no hosefiina Kid Monstruo (1968) Kaibutsu-kun El rey Arturo (1979) Entaku no kishi monogatari: Moero s Conan: el nio del futuro (1978) Mirai shone konan Gundam (1979) Kid senshi gondamu Ideon (1980) Densetsu kyoshin Ideon Apolon (1976) UFO Senshi daiapolon Daitan (1978) Muteki kjin daitn 3 1983

39

Don Quijote (1980) Zukkoke naito - Don de la mancha Laura, la pequea nia de la pradera (1975) Sgen no shjo Lra El mundo mgico de Gigi (1982) Mah no purinsesu minky momo Blue Noah (1979) Uch kbo bl noa Lalabel la nia mgica (1980) Mah shjo lalabel Escuadrn 2086 (1982) Kagaku kyujotai tekunoboij Los Robinson suizos (1981) Kazoku Robinson hyoruki fushigina shima no furne Honey, honey (1966) Hani, hani no suteki na bouken Mujercitas (1981) Wakakusa monogatari yori wakakusa no yon shimai Meteoro // Speed Racer / The speed Racer / Classic Speed Racer (1967) Match go go go 1986 1985

40

Sandy Bell (1981) Haro! Sandiberu La reina de los mil aos (1981) Shin taketori monogatari sennen jo Tom Sawyer (1980) Tomu Soya no boken La magia de titila (1984) Tongari bshi no memoru La casa voladora (1982) Tondera hausu no daiboken Las aventuras de Duke Flint (1975) UFO Robo gurendaiz Robotech Cho jiku ysai makurosu (1982) Kik sski mosupiida (1983) Ch jik kidan Sazan Kurosu (1984) Arbegas (1983) Kosoku denjin arubegasu La ranita de metan // El estanque Arcoiris (1973) Kerokko demetan 1988 1987

41

El jinete sable (1984) Seijshi bisumaraku Superlibro (1981) Anime oyako gekijo El despertar (1983) Kojika monogatari Dartanias, el robot del futuro (1983) Mirai robo daltanias Aventuras en Oz // El mago de Oz (1984) Oz no Mah tsukai Sandy y sus Koalas (1984) Fushigi na koara burinkii Grupo especial Gorila (1983) Ak dai sakusen suranguru Los gatos samurai (1990) Kyatt ninden teyand La mquina del tiempo (1989) Taimu toraburu tondekeman!

1989

1990

1992

1993

42

Aventuras de la pequea sirenita // La pequea sirenita (1991) Ningyo hime marina no boken El Justiciero (1976) Guroiz X Poli Rockero (1983) Mirai keisatsu urashiman Almendrita (1992) Oyayubi hime monogatari Sabrina (1977) Fsen shjo tempuru-chan Sper campeones (1983) Kyaputen Tsubasa Cuentos de la selva (1989) Janguru bukku shonen mguri Joven Robn Hood (1990) Robin huddo no daiboken Isla del tesoro (1978) Takarajima Calimero y Valeriano (1992) Calimero 1995 1994

43

Voltron, el defensor del universo (1981) Hyakuj goraion Sherlock Holmes (1984) Mietantei Hmusu Caballeros del Zodiaco (1986) <> Seitshi seiya (Seinto Seiya) La leyenda de Blanca Nieves (1994) Shirayuki hime no densetsu Zero el dragn // Dragon Ball (1986) Doragon Bru El principito (1978) Hoshi no ojisama puchi purinsu La novicia rebelde (1991) Torappu ikka monogatari Goleadores (1994) FH[] Gru FH (Fiirudohant) La leyenda del Zorro (1996) Kaiketsu zorro Calendarman (1981) Yattodetaman 1996

44

Sailor moon (1992) Bishjo senshi Sr mn El duende mgico (1985) Onegai! Samia Don Liga de dragn (1993) Doragon riigu Ninja robots (1985) Ninja sensi tobikage El nuevo hombre de acero (1980) 28 Taiy no shisha Tetsujin 28-go 2 Teknoman (1992) Uch nokishi tekkaman burdo Samurai Warriors (1988) Yoroiden samurai torp Ciudades de Oro (1982) Taiyo no ko Esteban Thunder jets (1994) Ginga sengoku gunyden rai Button nose (1985) Yume no hoshi botan nzu 1998 1997

45

Zenki (1995) ZENKI Kishin dji zenki Honey bee hutch (1970) Konchu monogatari minashigo hatchi Eagle riders II Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman II (1978) F < > Kagaku ninja-tai gatchaman F (Fuait) (1979) Samurai X (1996) Ruroni Kenshin: Meiji kenkaku romantan Cobra (1982) Subsu adobench kobura Sailor moon S (1994) S Bishjo senshi Sr mn S Corazn, Corazn (1981) Ai no gakko kuore monogatari Sailor moon R (1993) R Bishjo senshi Sr mn R Maxbot (1994) Yamato Takeru Slayers (1995) Sureiyzu 46 1999

Defensor Virtuoso (1995) Bch Fait Dragon Ball Z (1989) Doragon Bru Z Las guerreras mgicas (1994) [] Mah kishi (majikku naito) reisu Btx (1996) Btx Pokemon (1997) Poketto monsut Star Pitcher (1973) Samurai Jaiantsu Ranma 1/2 (1989) 1/2 Ranma 1/2: nett-hen Caza fantasmas Mikami (1993) GS GS Mikami Gladiadores del espacio (1982) Gingarepp bakushing Slam Dunk (1993) Suramu Danku 2000

47

Evangelio (1995) Shin Seiki evangelion Digimon (1999) Digimon adobench

48

Adenndum

49

SCN Channels 8 and 10


Channel 8 and 10 SCN (Southern Command Network) were part of the American Armed Forces Radio and Television Stations (AFRTS). Programming was the same on both channels, channel 8 transmitted in the pacific and 10 in the Atlantic. It began broadcasting in 1959 in english and its main public was the armed forces stationed in the former Canal Zone, but its signal reached the cities of Panama and Colon. Since, the language was not spanish (Language of the Republic by constitution, Art. 7) and the main target where the soldiers, and not the panamanian civilians; for these reasons I did not consider it a national channel and its information is not tabulated with the rest of the channels. There are only two series broadcasted by SCN that were not seen in national television, Danguard Ace (Wakusei robo dangdo A, 1977) and Choppy and the princess (Ribbon no Kishi, 1967), this one translated in other countries as Las aventuras de Choppy y la princesa o La princesa caballero. Name in Panama Kum kum Year created 1975

Japanese name Wampaku omukashi kumu kumu

Time slot Sat. 11:45 a.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Sat. 10:35 a.m. Sat. 9:35 a.m. Sun. 12:35 m.d. Sun. 12:10 m.d.

Date transmitted July - August 1978 September 1979 October - November 1979 December 1979 January 1980 February - March 1980 April - May 1980 June 1980 August 1980 July 1980 December 1980 January 1981 February 1981 March 1981 April - June 1981 July 1981

Battle of the planets

Kagaku Ninja-Tai Gatchaman

1978

Sat. 10:25 a.m. Sat. 10:40 a.m. Sat. 8:50 a.m. Sat. 8:45 a.m. Sat. 9:05 a.m. Sat. 9:25 a.m. Sat. 9:20 a.m. Sat. 10:15 a.m. 50

Choppy and the princess

Ribbon no Kishi

1967

Tue. 7:20 a.m. Tue. 7:25 a.m. Fri. 3:15 p.m. Fri. 3:20 p.m. Sat. 8:45 a.m. Sat. 9:10 a.m. Sat. 8:25 a.m.

Fables of the green forest

Yama Nezumi Rocky Chuck

1973

Sat. 9:40 a.m. Sat. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 9:20 a.m. Sat. 9:35 a.m. Sun. 8:45 a.m. Sun. 8:30 a.m. Sun. 8:10 a.m. Sun. 8:20 a.m. Sun. 8:05 a.m. Sun. 7:45 a.m. Sun. 8:45 a.m. Sun. 8:00 a.m. Sun. 8:20 a.m. Sun. 8:15 a.m. Sat. 9:35 a.m. Sun. 8:10 a.m. Sun. 9:10 a.m. Sun. 8:30 a.m. Sun. 8:45 a.m. Sun. 8:35 a.m. Sun. 9:15 a.m. Sat. 8:45 a.m. Sat. 7:35 a.m.

The Space Keteers

Esu Efu saiyuki stajing

1978

Speed Racer

Match go go go

1967

Gaiking

Daik mary gaikingu

1976

Danguard Ace Thunderbirds 2086

Wakusei robo dangdo A Kagaku kyujotai tekunoboij

September 1981 October 1981 November 1981 December 1981 January - February 1982 October 1981 November 1981 December 1981 January 1982 June - July 1982 February - March 1982 April - May 1982 August - September 1982 June - July 1982 August - September 1982 October 1982 June - July 1982 August - September 1982 October - November 1982 December 1982 January 1983 February 1983 March 1983 May 1983 April 1983 November 1982 December 1982 January 1983 February 1983 March 1983 April 1983 November - December 1983 January 1985

1977 1983

51

Sat. 8:00 a.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Star Blazers Uchuu senkan Yamato 1974 Sat. 9:00 a.m. Sat. 9:15 a.m. Sat. 9:05 a.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Sat. 9:10 a.m. Sat. 9:15 a.m. Sat. 8:50 a.m. Sat. 8:40 a.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Sat. 8:05 a.m. Sat. 9:35 a.m. Sat. 9:34 a.m. Sat. 9:05 a.m. Sat. 9:06 a.m. Sat. 8:15 a.m. Sat. 9:05 a.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Tue. 4:02 p.m. Tue. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 4:00 p.m. Tue. 3:55 p.m. Sat. 8:30 a.m. Sat. 8:45 a.m. Thu. 8:50 a.m. Wed. 5:10 p.m. Wed. 5:35 p.m. Thu. 5:35 p.m. Sat. 10:00 a.m. Jueves 3:00 p.m.

Grandizer

UFO Robo gurendaiz PASTICHE: 1. Hyakuj goraion 2. Kikou kantai Dairugger XV Mazinger Z

1975

Voltron

1. 1981 2. 1982 1972

Tranzor Z

Robotech

PASTICHE: 1. Cho jiku ysai macross 2. Kik sski mosupiida 3. Cho jiku kidan Sazan kurosu

1. 1982 2. 1983 3. 1984

Little Prince Heidi

Hoshi no ojisama puchi purinsu Alpusu no shj haiji

January 1983 February 1983 March 1983 August 1983 April - May 1983 June 1983 July 1983 September 1983 May 1983 June 1983 July 1983 August 1983 September 1983 March - April 1985 May 1985 June 1985 July 1985 August 1985 August - October 1986 October 1986 November 1986 December 1986 January - February 1987 March - May 1987 February - March 1989 April 1989 May - June 1989 June 1990 July 1990 May - June 1991 February - April 1988 February - March 1989

1978 1974

52

Bibliography
Newspapers El Matutino El Panam-Amrica La Critica La Estrella de Panam Magazines TV Gua July - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December January - December Tele Gua January May November December January 1983. 1983. 1983. 1983. 1984. 53 1976. 1977. 1978. 1979. 1980. 1981. 1982. 1983. 1984. 1985. 1986. 1987. 1988. 1989. 1990. 1991. 1992. 1993. 1994. 1995. 1996. 1997. 1998. 1999. 2000. August 1974. August 1974. August 1974. August - December 1974. January - December 1975. January - June 1976.

Books Clements, Jonathan & McCarthy, Helen. The anime encyclopedia: A guide to japanese animation since 1917 [Revised & Expanded edition]. Stone Bridge Press. Berkeley. CA. 2006 Interviews Ing. Alfonso A. Ballard Ing. Daniel Barcenas Lic. Ricardo Chong Mgtra. Iana Quadri Eng. Plinio V. Porcell Arq. Guillermo Meza Arq. Eduardo Prez Miriam Sierra Gaubeca Carlos A. Morant

54