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3: 19 ZEPHANIAH / 5 26

no lo nger need yo u bear the disgrace of it."


I am tak ing ac tion here a nd now 19
aga inst yo ur o ppressors .
Mi4:6
When that time co mes I will rescue th e lame,
and gathe r t he strays,
and I will win them praise a nd reno wn
when I restore their fo rtu nes. I
When that t imes co mes, I will be yo ur gu ide, 20
when that time comes, m I will ga ther you in;
I will give you praise and renown
among all the peoples of the earth
when I restore your for tunes under your own eyes,
says Yahweh. H AGGA I
The movement to rebuild the Temp le
1 1 In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, " the Z e 4.:6-10
word of Yahweh was addressed through the prophet Hagga i to Zerubbabel
so n of Shca ltiel, high commissioner of Judah, a nd to Jos hua son of Jehozadak , Zc 3:1-9
2 the high pr iest, as follows, ·'Yahweh Sabaoth says th is, "T his people says:
3 T he time has not yet come" to reb uild the Te mple of Ya hweh . •(And the word
4 of Yah weh was ad d ressed throug h the pro phet Hagg ai , as follows:) -Is this a
time for yo u to live in your pane lled houses, when this House lies in ruins? 2 S 7:2
5 So now, Ya hweh Sa baot h says this: Reflect ca refully how thin gs have gone
Ho4:3 -t-
6 for you . •Yo u have sown much a nd har vested litt le; you eat bu t never have
eno ugh, d rink but never have your fill, put on clot hes but do not feel warm . The
8 wage earner gets his wages only to put the m in a purse ridd led with holes . -So go to
o
<t
:x:
/ the hill co unt ry.' fetch wood, a nd rebuild the House: I shall then take pleasu re
7 in it, a nd be glor ified there, says Yahweh . • Yahwe h Sabaoth says this : Reflect
9 car efully how thi ngs have gone for you . -The abundance you expected
proved to be" litt le. When you brought the harvest in, my breat h spoilt it. And U
w
why?- it is Ya hweh Sa baoth who speaks. Because while my House lies in ruins N
Lv 26:19 -20
10 you a re busy with yo ur own , each o ne of you .• T hat is why the sky has with held
l i the rain ' a nd the earth withheld its yield. ·1 have ca lled do wn dro ught on land
a nd hills, o n wheat, on new wine, on oil a nd on all the produce of the grou nd, .,j

~
. <t
on man and beast a nd all their lab ours." , ::;;
12 Now Zcrubba bcl son of Shealtiel, Joshua son of Jehozadak, th e high priest,
a nd a ll th e rem nan t/ of t he people, paid attention to t he voice of Ya hweh their
G od a nd to the wo rds of th e prophet Haggai, Ya hweh havin g sen t him to them .' ~
13 And the peop le were filled with fear before Yahweh. • Hagga i, the messe nger of ::;;
Ya hweh, passed on the message of Yahwe h to t he people, as follows, 'I am ....
14 with yo u- it is Ya hweh who spea ks' . -A nd Ya hweh ro used the spi rit of
Zerub ba bel so n of Shealtiel, high co mmissioner of Jud ah , the sp irit of Joshua II'
son of Jehozad a k, the high pr iest, a nd the spir it of all the remnant of the peo ple ; ~
and t hey ca me a nd set to work o n the Temple 01' Ya hweh Sabaoth the ir God.
Zc 8:9
15 T his was o n the twenty-four th day of t he sixth mon th.

The glory that is to eome to the Temple


In the seco nd yea r of King Da rius, 2 o n the twenty- first day of the seventh
mon th ," the wo rd of Ya hweh was addressed thro ugh the prophet Haggai,
I a. A ug ust 520. f. In Hg and Zc " he re m nan t of the peop le' me ans
b. ' ha s nor yet co me' G ree k. VlIIR.: He br . u nin te l- t he fa ithf ul gro uped ro un d Je r usa le m . Cf. Is 4 :3 r .
ligible. R. Lit. 'a s Ya hw e h had se nt him to th em ' G reek;
c . Pr oba bly t he h ill co u n t ry of J uda h. 'a s Ya hweh t hei r God h ad sent h im Hcbr.
3 k. ' m isfo r tu ne ' corr .: ' t hey were' He br . 'no longer d . Lit. 'a nd it was ' Gr eek , Sv r. , Taru. : ' a nd behold' 2 a. Oc tober 520. the la st day of the feas t of
I. 'whe n r re store thei r for tu nes ' corr. : ' thei r sha me '
nee d you bear ' Followi ng G reek , Svr .. Ta ra. : 'a bu rd e n Hebr. Hebr . T nber nac fes.
on her ' Hebr. e. ' t he ra i n' T aru.: 'the de w ' H cb r.
m . Lit. 'at t hai ti me ' corr . : 'a t the time' Hebr .
2.:2 HA(~GA I 15 28 15 2 9 HAGG A I 2:23

as fo llo ws, -Yo u a re to spea k to Zerubba bel son of Shea ltiel, the h igh 1
co mm issioner o f Juda h, to Jo shua so n of Je hoza da k, t he high pri est , a nd to a ll h
En :U O- i 3
Tb 14:5 the remna nt of the peo nle. Say this, -" W ho is there left am on g yo u that saw
this Te m ple in its former glo ry? And how do es it loo k to yo u no w? Do es it
seem no thing to you ? • But ta ke courage now, Ze ru bba bel-c-it is Ya hwe h who 4
spea ks. C ourage, High Pries t J oshu a so n of Je ho zad a k ! C ou rage, all you peo ple
o f the count ry!-it is Ya hweh who spea ks , To work! I am with yo u- -it is
Ya hweh Sabaot h who spea ks -> a nd my spirit remains among yo u. Do no t
.e Heb 12:26
be afraid ! • Fo r Ya hweh Sa bao th says th is: ;\ littl e while no w! and r a m go ing
to sh ake th e heaven s and the earth, th e sea and the dry lan d .' · 1 will shake a ll
ls 60 :7· 11
the na tio ns and t he treasures of all the na tions sha ll flow in ," a nd I will fill this
Te m ple wit h glory. sa ys Ya hweh Sa baoth. • Mine is th e silver, m ine the go ld!
Tb 13:16 ;
14:5 - it is Ya hweh Sabaoth who speaks. -T he new glor y of th is Tem ple is going to
sur pass the old, says Ya hwe h Sabao th, a nd in this place I will give peace-i t is
Ya hweh Sa bao th who spea ks ." ' "

The prophet consults the prie sts


On the twenty-fo u rth day of the ninth mont h, in the secon d yea r of Da rlu s,« 10
the word of Ya hwe h was addressed to the prophet Hagga i as follow s, · ' Ya hweh 11
Sa baot h sa ys this: As k the pr iests fo r a decision o n this qu esti o n, · " If a ma n 12
ca rries co nsec rat ed mea t in the fold of his gow n a nd with this fold tou ch es
bre ad, bro th, wine, o r food of a ny kind , does suc h food beco me ho ly?" • T he
pr iests a nswered, ' N o, it does no t' . • Hagga i then sa id , 'I f a man ma de unclean 13
Lv 22:4-7
by contac t with a corpse tou ches a ny of this, does it becom e unclea n ?' T he
priests answered, ' Yes, it d ocs' .' • Ha ggai then spo ke o ut. 'It is th e sa me with 14
th is peo ple,' he sa id ' the sa me with this nati on as I see it- it is Ya hweh who
spea ks-- the sa me with eve rything th ey turn their ha nds to ;; a nd what they o ffer
her e- is uncl ean .'

A promise of agricultura l prosper ity no


Zc 8:9
'Reflect ca ref ully fro m to day o nwa rds. Before o ne sto ne had been lai d o n 15
ow
Ho4:3 1
anot her in th e sa nctua ry o f Ya hweh, -wha t state were yo u in? A man wou ld 16 N
co me to a twenty-mea sure hea p a nd there wou ld be te n ; he wou ld co me to a vat
A m 4:6 1-
rfl to d raw fifty meas ures a nd there wo uld be twenty." ·1 struck with blight a nd 17
mi ldew a nd ha il everything you turn ed your hands to . A nd still you wo uld not ...:s
) ret urn to me "- it is Ya hwe h who spea ks. • Reflect ca refully fr om today o nwa rds 18 §
(fro m the twenty-fo ur t h day of the ninth mon th , fro m the day th e foun dat io n
of the sa nctua ry o f Ya hweh was la id, think ca refully)!' . if gra in is still sho rt 19 2 b. 'a l l" G reek. T his acc usa tion , co nt ras ting wtth 2:1-9 in its severit y.
in the barn, a nd if vine a nd fig tree, po megran ate a nd olive, still bear no fru it. " c. He br. here mserts a gloss. a bsent from G reek may po ssibly be direc ted aga inst t he Samaritans .
' T his is t he cove nan t (co r r .) which I made wit h you cf. Eli" 4:1· 5. ~
F ro m to day o nwa rds 1 intend to bless yo u.' when you wen t out of Egypt'. 1. G reek ad ds 'be ca use of their Quickly won ga ins, :;;
d. He br . adds 'soon '. they will su ffer for their labours, a nd you hated those
The promise to Z erubbabel e. For Ha gga i. G od is t he sole master of history. dis pe nsin g justice a t the city ga te' (d . Am 5:10).
W hile the prophe t is foret ellin g the d isas ter, cr. Am S: m. T his passa ge, which co mpletes 1:1· 1S, sho uld
On the twe nty- fo urt h day of the mo nt h the word o f Ya hwe h wa s add ressed 20 18 + ; 8:9 + . which is to introd uce the ne w era . the perha ps be read a fter 1:1Sa.
n . ' W ha t sta te were you in ?' G reek . ' A man I(
wor ld is at peace under the ru le of Dari us . Th e immine nt ,-t
a seco nd time to Haggai , as foll ows, · 'S pea k to Zerubba bel, the high corn rni s- 21 world wide ca tast ro phe and t he reb uild ing of the (lit. 't hey') woul d co me' cor r. : ' He wo uld come' Heb r. ;
sio ner of J uda h. Say this. " l a m goi ng to sha ke the hea vens and the earth . • 1 will 22 Temple will herald t he messia nic a ge. ' You wo uld co me ' G reek. Af ter 'vat' . Hebr. add s
e. Th e Vu lg . tran slati on a lludes to the Mess ia h ' press' ,
overturn the thro nes o f kingd oms and destroy the power of the kings of the 'A nd the Desired of a ll nat ion s will co me '; hence the o. ' I struc k' corr .: II struck you' H eb r. 'A nd . . .
natio ns. I will overthrow th e cha rio ts a nd the ir c ha riote ers; horses and their litu rgical use of thi s [ext dur ing Advent. to me ' Greek.
g . T he Tem ple, cf. 2 S 7: 13 -t- , has becom e a foca l p . A pa rtly ina ccurate gloss, d. 1:15.
riders will be bro ug ht down ; the y sha ll fall,' each to the swo rd o f his fellow. point of t he messian ic hope. as for Ezekiel. And in q . W e inser t 'is short ' . 'and If still' G reek .
Z c 6: 12-13
W hen that day co mcs-it is Ya hweh Sa bao th who spea ks- l will ta ke ' yo u, 23 fac t it was in this secon d Temple, resto red by Herod , r , ' kings ' G ree k; 'k ingdo ms' Heb r. ' they shall
that Christ ta ught. Gr eek adds 'a nd peace of sou l, fall ' corr.
Zerub ba bel so n o f S hea ltie l, my scrvant- it is Ya hweh Sa baoth wh o spea ks- to save all those who la id the foun d a tions for the s. T he expression implies elec tion 10 a not a ble
Jr 22:24
a nd make yo u like a s igne t ring.' Fo r I have ch ose n you -it is Ya hweh Sa ba orh rebuil d ing of this Te mple'. fun ctio n in t he history of sa lvat ion. T hus Yahweh
h. December 520, ' ta kes' Ab ra ha m. Jos 24:3, t he Levites, Nb 3:J2.
who sp eak s." David. 2 S 7:8. Zerubba bel. a successor of Dav id. is
i , ' U ncleanness' is apparen tly more co nta gious tha n
holin ess. Le. from the ritua l poin t of view. now asso cia ted with tr ad ition al royal messianism ,
I. l.e. the harvests. cr. 2 S 7:t + : Is 7: 14 + , a nd th e messiani c expecta tion
k . Worship continued on the site of t he Tem ple. ta kes sha pe abo ut his person . Cf. Zc 6:12.
where the a ltar of holocausts had been reb uil t since 538. t . T he signe t ri ng, used for the sea ling of doc uments
Ha gga i point s the lesso n fro m the ruling of v. 13: the or le iters, I K 2 1:8, was kep t ca refully hun g from the
nation is unclean . and its sacr ificial offer ings a re too. neck, G n 38:18. or worn on the finger, J r 22:24.