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Welcome to 9500 MPR (Microwave Packet Radio) ETSI R4.0 Description Section 1 Product Overview Module

Welcome to 9500 MPR (Microwave Packet Radio) ETSI

R4.0 Description

Section 1

Product Overview

Module 1

Introduction

Module 2

Architecture

Section 2

Functional Description

Module 1

MSS Hardware Architecture

Module 2

ODU300 Hardware Architecture

Module 3

MPT-HC Hardware Architecture

Module 4

MPT-HC V2 Hardware Architecture

Module 5

MPT-MC Hardware Architecture

Module 6

MPT-GC

Module 7

Protection

Section 3

Terms

Module 1

Acronyms

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Page 3

Welcome to 9500 MPR (Microwave Packet Radio) ETSI R4.0 Description Upon completion of this course,
Welcome to 9500 MPR (Microwave Packet Radio) ETSI
R4.0 Description
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:
Describe the basic concepts of the 9500 MPR including:
• Product placement
• System architecture
• Functional description including:
- Component Architecture including:
MSS-8/4/1c
ODU300
MPT-HC
MPT-HC V2/MPT-XP
MPT-MC
MPT-GC
- Component Protection

Your feedback is appreciated! Please feel free to Email your comments to:

training.feedback@alcatel-lucent.com

Please include the following training reference in your email:

TWT42017 Edition 3.0

Thank you!

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Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0 Section 1 · Module 1 ·

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Document History

 

Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

3.4

2012-06-14

AL University

First edition

4.0

2012-07-30

AL University

Updated for release 4.0

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Page 1 Understanding the 9500MPR Innovations 7 1.1 Classification of the New Generation Products 8
Page
1
Understanding the 9500MPR Innovations
7
1.1 Classification of the New Generation Products
8
1.2 Classification of the New Generation Products
9
1.3 Presentation
10
1.4 Multiservice Aggregation Layer
13
1.5 Service Awareness
14
1.6 Packet Node
15
1.7 Service-driven Packet Adaptive Modulation
16
1.8 Power Consumption Reduction
17
1.9 Hybrid or Packet Mode: for Efficient Data Transport
18
2
MPR in New Market Segments
21
2.1 The Most Effective Solution
22
2.2 MPR-e Enabling Zero-Footprint Microwave Configurations
24
2.3 MPR in Last Mile
25
2.4 LTE and Full Ethernet 3G Ready
26
2.5 PDH/SDH Network to Packet Transport Network Evolution
27
2.6 MPR addresses All Microwave Applications in Aggregation
28
2.7 MPR addresses Metro Ring/Partial Mesh Application
29
3
System Description
31
3.1 Alcatel-Lucent 9500 Microwave Packet Radio
32
3.2 9500 MPR System Family
33
3.3 9500 MPR Key Features
35
3.4 9500 MPR Node
37

3.5

9500 MPR Terminal

46

4

Radio Configuration

51

4.1

Radio Configuration

52

5 System Configuration

53

5.1

Example of System configurations

54

6

Management Systems

59

6.1

Network Management

60

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Notes: • Multiservice aggregation layer - the capacity to use Ethernet as a common transmission

Notes:

Multiservice aggregation layer - the capacity to use Ethernet as a common transmission layer to transport any kind of traffic, independently by the type of interface. Ethernet becomes the convergence layer.

Service awareness - traffic handling and quality management, queuing traffic according to the type of service assigned, independently by the type of interface

Packet node - no service aggregation limits with all traffic aggregated in packets, in term of: capacity, type of service requirements and type of interface

Service-driven adaptive modulation- fully exploit the air bandwidth in its entirety by changing modulation scheme according to the propagation availability and allocate transport capacity, discriminating traffic by different services, only possible in a packet-based environment

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Notes: • 9500 MPR aggregates and carries over a COMMON PACKET LAYER : TDM 2G,

Notes:

9500 MPR aggregates and carries over a COMMON PACKET LAYER: TDM 2G, 3G, LTE and IP/Ethernet. This allows sharing of common packet transmission infrastructures, regardless of the nature of carried traffic.

Due to the nature of Ethernet, each service can be discriminated based on several parameters like quality of service.

Mapping different access technologies over Ethernet is achieved by standardized protocols like circuit emulation and pseudo-wire.

R99 - original standard for UMTS WCDMA based networks

HSDPA (High Speed Data Packet Access) - add on to R99/UMTS networks which adds a shared high speed downlink packet channel

ISAM (Indexed Sequential Access Method) - a method for indexing data for fast retrieval

UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System 3 rd generation mobile cellular technology for GSM- based networks.

WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) interface standard found in 3G mobile telecommunications networks.

WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) - telecommunications protocol that provides fixed and mobile Internet access

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Notes: • Service awareness means the ability to discriminate the different traffic types carried over

Notes:

Service awareness means the ability to discriminate the different traffic types carried over the converged Ethernet stream. Our traffic flow can be composed of E1, E3, STM-1, ATM, DS1, DS3, and/or IP/Eth, coming from different sources, and therefore having different requirements. For instance, DS1 or ATM traffic from a 3G base station can carry voice (high priority, real time service) and data (lower priority and possibly non real time with high variability load, such as internet browsing, music download or video streaming).

Service awareness is what allows identifying the traffic types, and in the case of non real time variable bit rate one, optimize the band with overbooking of the radio scarce resource.

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Notes: • 9500 MPR offers a SINGLE PACKET MATRIX able to switch, aggregate and handle

Notes:

9500 MPR offers a SINGLE PACKET MATRIX able to switch, aggregate and handle any of the possible incoming traffic types with virtually no capacity limits (up to 10 GB/s).

Note: The TDM can be also E3.

The MSS can also provide Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) and metallic uplinks.

Packets can be transported over Ethernet or PDH in any direction, avoiding service aggregation bottlenecks in terms of capacity, service types and interface types.

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Notes: • Traffic with high priority will always have bandwidth available, like voice (deterministic approach)

Notes:

Traffic with high priority will always have bandwidth available, like voice (deterministic approach)

Broadband traffic is discriminated by QoS dynamically, with modulation scheme changes driven by propagation conditions.

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Notes : This true packet product is not based on TDM (circuit-based) technology, so it

Notes:

This true packet product is not based on TDM (circuit-based) technology, so it efficiently transports multimedia traffic by handling packets natively while still supporting legacy TDM. It also adapts packets to the air conditions and quality required by different service types. This product improves packet aggregation, increases bandwidth, and optimizes Ethernet connectivity.

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Notes: DSL Digital Subscriber Line E1 2.048 Mb/s interface E3 34 Mb/s interface Eth Ethernet

Notes:

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

E1

2.048 Mb/s interface

E3

34 Mb/s interface

Eth

Ethernet

GigE

Gigabit Ethernet

IMA

Inverse Multiplexing over ATM

MPLS

Multiprotocol Label Switching

PDH

Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

T1

1.544 Mb/s interface

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Notes: • Extended 9500 MPR packet transport family to cover last mile access MSS-1c Low

Notes:

Extended 9500 MPR packet transport family to cover last mile access MSS-1c

Low cost, ½ rack length, Very low power consumption, MW radio protection, Hybrid & Packet operational modes

Multipurpose ODU the MPT; to cover all MW applications under a single platform

Zero foot print for Ethernet applications, common to all MSS platform, enables integrated solution for MPLS metro network

Introducing 9500 MPR-e stand-alone “full outdoor”

Existing compatibility with 9500 MXC

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Notes: • CAC (Call Admission Control) - prevents oversubscription of VoIP networks. It is used

Notes:

CAC (Call Admission Control) - prevents oversubscription of VoIP networks. It is used in the call set-up phase and applies to real-time media traffic as opposed to data traffic.

CBR Constant Bit Rate

DWRR (Deficit Weighted Round Robin) - is a scheduling method for packets of variable size. A maximum packet size number is subtracted from the packet length, and packets that exceed that number are held back until the next visit of the scheduler.

HPQ (High Preempt Queue)

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Notes: • IMA (Inverse Multiplexing over ATM) - a standardized technology used to transport ATM

Notes:

IMA (Inverse Multiplexing over ATM) - a standardized technology used to transport ATM traffic over a bundle of T1 or E1 cables where a stream of Asynchronous Transfer Mode cells is spread over multiple physical links.

Backward compatibility with hybrid installed base

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Notes: • 9500 MPR in the stand alone (zero-footprint) architecture is built by only one

Notes:

9500 MPR in the stand alone (zero-footprint) architecture is built by only one unit for Ethernet applications:

Outdoor Unit.

Outdoor Unit is connected to the MPLS metro networks equipment with one coaxial cable for the power supply and one Ethernet optical or electrical cable (with MPT).

9500 MPR in the split mount architecture is built by two separate units:

MSS (Microwave Service Switch): indoor unit for split mount and stand alone configurations (Ethernet uplink)

Outdoor Unit.

MSS and Outdoor Unit are connected with a single standard coaxial cable (with ODU300) or with one coaxial cable for the power supply and one Ethernet optical or electrical cable (with MPT).

Up to 6 ODU300 can be connected to an MSS-8

Up to 2 ODU300 can be connected to an MSS-4

Up to 18 MPT can be connected to an MSS-8. Up to 8 can be powered directly by the MSS-8 shelf.

Up to 14 MPT can be connected to an MSS-4

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Notes: • Link Aggregation groups a set of ports so that two network nodes can

Notes:

Link Aggregation groups a set of ports so that two network nodes can be interconnected using multiple links to increase link capacity and availability between them.

When aggregated, two or more physical links operate as a single logical link with a traffic capacity that is the sum of the individual link capacities.

This doubling, tripling or quadrupling of capacity is relevant where more capacity is required than can be provided on one physical link.

Link aggregation also provides redundancy between the aggregated links. If a link fails, its traffic is redirected onto the remaining link, or links.

If the remaining link or links do not have the capacity needed to avoid a traffic bottleneck, appropriate QoS settings are used to prioritize traffic so that all high priority traffic continues to get through.

The Link Aggregation is performed according to 802.3ad and can be applied to Radio ports and to User Ethernet ports.

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Notes: • The 9500 MPR Node supports up to 18 RF links for operation on

Notes:

The 9500 MPR Node supports up to 18 RF links for operation on the same or different frequency bands using the MSS-8.

The ODU for each link is connected to a plug-in card inside the site aggregator.

Other plug-in cards provide line interface access (TDM and native IP), management, and so on.

9500 MPR Node supports a mix of non-protected and protected or diversity operation for single link, repeater or star radio configurations.

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Notes: Microwave Service Switch - 4/8 (MSS-4 / MSS-8) Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights

Notes:

Microwave Service Switch - 4/8 (MSS-4 / MSS-8)

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Notes: Supports unprotected or protected links Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

Notes:

Supports unprotected or protected links

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Notes: Supports unprotected or protected links Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

Notes:

Supports unprotected or protected links

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Notes: • 32E1/DS1 card : provides the external interfaces for up to 32xE1/T1 tributaries, manages

Notes:

32E1/DS1 card: provides the external interfaces for up to 32xE1/T1 tributaries, manages the encapsulation/reconstruction of PDH data to/from standard Ethernet packets and sends/receives standard Ethernet packets to/from both Core-E modules.

ASAP card: provides external interfaces to transport 16xE1 ATM traffic, with E1/IMA physical layer, in an MPR

network. ATM traffic is transported within MPR network as "special" Ethernet traffic. This traffic is managed by the MPR using RFC 4717 (IETF ATM PseudoWire EdgetoEdgeeEmulation, PWE3) with N-1 encapsulation format.

AUX card: provides the external interfaces for Service Channels access and Housekeeping alarms.

STM-1 card: provides the external interfaces for up to 2 electrical or optical STM-1 signals, manages the encapsulation/reconstruction of SDH data to/from standard Ethernet packets and sends/receives standard Ethernet packets to/from both Core-E modules.

EAS Peripheral (P8ETH) card: provides access for customer Ethernet traffic and supports the following traffic external interfaces:

4xEthernet 10/100/1000 Base-T

4xEthernet SFP 4x1000 Base-X optical, Base-T, or Copper Cable access directly available on the EAS module. Interfaces can be 1000BASE-LX (GbE LX 10 km) or 1000BASE-SX (GbE SX 550 m) or 1000BASE- CX (GbE CX 25 m)

Modem 300: this unit is used to interface the ODU300. It sends/receives standard Ethernet packets to/from

both Core-E modules, manages the radio frame (on Ethernet packet form) generation/termination, the interface to/from the alternate Radio module (for RPS management), the cable interface functions to ODU; it contains the logic for the EPS Core-E protection, the RPS logic.

MPT access card (with PFoE): this unit is used to interface the MPT. PFoE (Power Feed over Ethernet) is used to carry the power supply to the MPT-HC through an electrical Ethernet traffic connector.

The optional +24 Vdc/-48 Vdc Converter unit (to be installed in transport slot 4, 6 or 8 of MSS-8 can be used to power the MSS for +24 Vdc office applications.

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Notes: To manage more directions the “ Stacking configuration ” can be realized by installing

Notes:

To manage more directions the “Stacking configuration” can be realized by installing up to 3 MSS, interconnected through the Ethernet ports in the Core-E module. In the example of Figure are shown two interconnected MSS.

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Notes: • With the Core protection max. 3 MSS can be interconnected as shown in

Notes:

With the Core protection max. 3 MSS can be interconnected as shown in figure.

To implement this configuration the LOS alarm on the Ethernet ports must be enabled as switching criterion of the Core protection. To enable this alarm the “Ethernet LOS Criteria” feature has to be enabled.

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Notes: • The 9500 MPR Terminal supports up to 2 RF links for operation on

Notes:

The 9500 MPR Terminal supports up to 2 RF links for operation on the same or different frequency bands using the MSS-1c Unit.

The ODU for each link is connected to MSS-1c Unit inside the site aggregator.

9500 MPR Terminal supports non-protected and protected or diversity operation for single link radio configurations.

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Notes: Microwave Service Switch - 1 Terminal (MSS-1c) Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Notes:

Microwave Service Switch - 1 Terminal (MSS-1c)

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Notes: MSS-1c Characteristics : • 10xE1 or 16xE1/T1 depending on the hardware variant (hybrid “

Notes:

MSS-1c Characteristics:

10xE1 or 16xE1/T1 depending on the hardware variant (hybrid “TDMtoTDM” and Packet Mode “TDMtoETH”)

4 GEthernet user ports

Up to 2 MPT 1+0

1+1

repeater configurations

L2 switch

QoS (IEEE 802.1p)

Diffserv

VLAN management

SynchE

Housekeeping

2 ports for TMN chaining

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Notes: • (*) Two variants of MSS-1c are available: • MSS-1c providing 10E1 and 4

Notes:

(*) Two variants of MSS-1c are available:

MSS-1c providing 10E1 and 4 User Ethernet ports

MSS-1c 16E1 providing 16E1/T1 and 4 User Ethernet ports. This version is HW ready to manage up to 2 STM-1 frames (instead of 2 Ethernet ports) not supported by the current SW Release

MSS-1c platform:

symmetrical Cross-connection function

able to manage different radio directions

add-drop tributaries in case of local PDH/Ethernet accesses

2 x Electrical GbEth + 2 x Optical GbEth

Peripherals

10 x E1 or 16 x E1/T1 local access function (2 x Sub-D 37 pins)

MPT Access function (to MPT)

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • E1/T1 local access function: provides the external interfaces for up to 16xE1/T1 tributaries,

Notes:

E1/T1 local access function: provides the external interfaces for up to 16xE1/T1 tributaries, manages the encapsulation/reconstruction of PDH data to/from standard Ethernet packets and sends/receives standard Ethernet packets to/from Ethernet Switch.

MPT access function: this function is used to interface the Microwave Packet Transport (MPT). The interface to the MPT is a standard GbEth interface (electrical or optical). It sends/receives standard Ethernet packets to/from Ethernet Switch.

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Notes: • The 1+1 configuration with MPT-MC does not require any interconnection cable between the

Notes:

The 1+1 configuration with MPT-MC does not require any interconnection cable between the two ODUs.

The 1+1 configuration with MPT-HC, MPT-HC V2, MPT-XP, or 9558HC can be implemented with or without an interconnection cable between the two ODUs.

In 1+1 configuration the 2 ODUs must be of the same types.

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Notes: • Providing a single managed network reduce the operational expenditure of a network directly

Notes:

Providing a single managed network reduce the operational expenditure of a network directly improving the margin in the P&L of an Operator.

Alcatel-Lucent offers a unified management system capable to manage the entire access and transport network under a single Network Management Suite: the 1350 OMS.

9500 MPR together with all other Microwave and Optical transmission Network Element is fully integrated into 1350 OMS Network Management System providing all the tools required to operate the network.

9500 MPR can also be managed by Alcatel-Lucent 5620 SAM.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: 9500 MPR can be managed: • by Alcatel-Lucent 1350 OMS Network Management System, •

Notes:

9500 MPR can be managed:

by Alcatel-Lucent 1350 OMS Network Management System,

by Alcatel-Lucent 5620 SAM.

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Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0 Section 1 · Module 2 ·

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Document History

 

Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

3.4

2012-07-01

AL University

First edition

4.0

2012-09-15

AL University

Updated for release 4.0

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Page 1 MSS Architecture 7 1.1 Flash Cards with Licenses 8 1.2 MSS-ODU300 cable (Interfaces
Page
1
MSS Architecture
7
1.1 Flash Cards with Licenses
8
1.2 MSS-ODU300 cable (Interfaces and Traffic)
9
1.3 MPT
10
1.4 MSS-MPT Cable (Interfaces and Traffic)
11
1.4.1 MPT-HC connectivity
12
1.4.2 MPT-HCV2 connectivity
15
1.4.3 MPT-MC connectivity
19
2
MPR-e/MSS-1c Architecture
23
2.1
MSS-1c
24
2.2
ODUs
26
2.3
MSS-MPT Cable (Interfaces and Traffic)
27
2.3.1 MPT-HC Connectivity
28
2.3.2 MPT-HC V2 Connectivity (1+0 configuration)
30
2.3.3 MPT-HC V2 Connectivity (1+0 XPIC configuration)
32
2.4 MPT-HC V2 Electrical Interface with Power Injector
33
2.5 MPT-HC V2 Optical Interface
34
2.5.1
MPT-MC connectivity
35
3
Traffic Profiles
37
3.1 Managed Services and profiles
38
3.2 Traffic profiles
44
3.3 TDM2TDM
48
3.4 TDM2Eth
50
 

3.5

SDH2SDH

52

3.6

ATM Traffic Management

54

3.7

ETH2ETH

57

3.8

Ethernet Traffic Management

58

4

Traffic Management

61

4.1 QoS Overview

62

4.2 QoS Configuration Overview

64

5

LAG (Link Aggregation Group)

71

5.1

LAG overview

72

5.1.1

Link aggregation on Radio ports (Radio LAG)

73

5.2 L1 LAG

74

5.3 L2 LAG

77

5.4 L2 Ethernet LAG

79

6

Synchronization

83

6.1

Synchronization

84

6.2

Clock Source Selection and Distribution

89

6.3

Differential/Adaptative clock recovery

90

6.4

Synchronization Interface

93

6.5

Synchronization Interface

94

7

Cross-connections

99

7.1 Cross-Connections

100

7.2 TDM2TDM Mode

101

7.3 TDM2Eth Mode

102

7.4 Cross-connection

103

8

MPR Management

105

8.1 9500 MPR Management

106

8.2 MPR IP addresses

107

8.3 TMN communication channels

109

8.4 TMN interfaces (9500 MPR Node)

110

8.5 LCT Connection

111

8.6 MPR Capability IP Parameters

112

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Notes: • A single 50 ohm coaxial cable connects a ODU300 Radio Interface to its

Notes:

A single 50 ohm coaxial cable connects a ODU300 Radio Interface to its ODU. The max. cable length is up to 150 m. ODU cable, connectors and grounding kits are separately provided.

The ODU cable carries DC power (-48 Vdc) for the ODU and five signals:

Tx telemetry

Rx telemetry

Reference signal to synchronize the ODU IQ Mod/Demod oscillator

311 MHz IQ modulated signal from the ODU300 Radio Interface (transmit IF)

126 MHz IQ modulated signals from the ODU (receive IF)

Signal extracting and merging is carried out in N-Plexers within the ODU300 Radio Interface and ODU.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • MPT-HC V2 is similar to MPT-HC from architecture standpoint and can be used

Notes:

MPT-HC V2 is similar to MPT-HC from architecture standpoint and can be used as spare part of the MPT-HC. The differences are:

MPT-HC V2 can be natively Ethernet powered through a proprietary PFoE (or as alternative by using two cables, one coaxial cable for the Power Supply and one optical cable for the Ethernet Traffic (as MPT-HC).

MPT-HC V2 is XPIC-ready (by the installation of a dedicated module).

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes : • Electrical connection - (for MPT-MC, MPT-HC and MPT-HCV2) • One cable connect

Notes:

Electrical connection - (for MPT-MC, MPT-HC and MPT-HCV2)

One cable connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT.

This cable is an electrical Gigabit Ethernet cable with Power Feed over Ethernet (Not for MPT-HC).

The max cable length for electrical Ethernet connection is 100 m.

Optical connection = (only for MPT-HC and MPT-HCV2)

Two cables connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT.

One cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the -48 V power supply to the MPT-HC/MPT-HC V2.

The second cable is an optical Gigabit Ethernet cable.

The max cable length for optical Ethernet connection is 350 m.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • MPT Access Card PoE 2x Coax connection (power feed in case of Optical

Notes:

MPT Access Card PoE

Notes: • MPT Access Card PoE 2x Coax connection (power feed in case of Optical connection)
Notes: • MPT Access Card PoE 2x Coax connection (power feed in case of Optical connection)
Notes: • MPT Access Card PoE 2x Coax connection (power feed in case of Optical connection)

2x Coax connection

(power feed in case of Optical connection)

2x SFP ports for optical connection option

2 MPT per MPT Access Card

2x 1000BaseT port with Power over CAT5e cable (Electrical connectivity Data+Power over a single CAT cable)

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: Pigtail : N-RJ45 two wires Transition Connector. Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Notes:

Pigtail: N-RJ45 two wires Transition Connector.

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Notes: MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power

Notes:

MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • One electrical Ethernet cable connects an MPT Access unit in the MSS to

Notes:

One electrical Ethernet cable connects an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC V2 (the MPT Access unit provides the PFoE).

The max cable length is 100 m.

The Ethernet electrical cable is provided with connectors to be mounted on site with the specific RJ45 tool

(1AD160490001).

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Notes: • Two cables connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC

Notes:

Two cables connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC V2:

One cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2:

for length lower or equal to 100 m the power cable can be CAT5E cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2 . The Ethernet electrical cable is provided with connectors to be mounted on site with the specific RJ45 tool (1AD160490001);

for length higher than 100m, the cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT- HC V2

Note: In case of length lower than 100m and presence in the field of 1 coaxial already installed and free it is recommended to use the coax cable to minimize the installation effort.

The second cable is an Ethernet optical cable.

The Ethernet optical cable is preassembled and available in different lengths (up to 450 m).

Note: A special cord adapter must be connected to the coaxial cable on the MPT-HC V2.

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Notes: • Two cables connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC

Notes:

Two cables connect an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC V2:

One cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2:

for length lower or equal to 100 m the power cable can be CAT5E cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2 . The Ethernet electrical cable is provided with connectors to be mounted on site with the specific RJ45 tool (1AD160490001);

for length higher than 100m, the cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT- HC V2

Note: In case of length lower than 100m and presence in the field of 1 coaxial already installed and free it is recommended to use the coax cable to minimize the installation effort.

The second cable is an Ethernet optical cable.

The Ethernet optical cable is preassembled and available in different lengths (up to 350 m).

Note: A special cord adapter must be connected to the coaxial cable on the MPT-HC V2.

Note: MPT-HC V2 must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

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Notes: • Two cables connect the MPT: • one optical cable connected to port#5 or

Notes:

Two cables connect the MPT:

one optical cable connected to port#5 or port #6 of the Core-E unit

a coaxial cable connected to the station battery to provide the power supply.

MPT-HC V2 must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • Both injectors include: • Powering of two MPT • Lightning protection • DC

Notes:

Both injectors include:

Powering of two MPT

Lightning protection

DC protection

LEDs for power output

Power Injector plug-in

Power Injector box

for power output Power Injector plug-in Power Injector box Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
for power output Power Injector plug-in Power Injector box Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

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Notes: The MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer

Notes:

The MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • (*) Two variants of MSS-1c are available: • MSS-1c providing 10E1 and 4

Notes:

(*) Two variants of MSS-1c are available:

MSS-1c providing 10E1 and 4 User ethernet ports

MSS-1c 16E1/T1 providing 16E1/T1 and 4 User Ethernet ports. MSS-1c platform:

symmetrical cross-connection function

able to manage different radio directions

add-drop tributaries in case of local PDH/Ethernet accesses

2 x Electrical GbEth + 2 x Optical GbEth Peripherals

10 x E1 or 16 x E1/T1 local access function (2 x Sub-D 37 pins)

MPT Access function (to MPT)

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • MPT-HC V2 is similar to MPT-HC from architecture standpoint and can be used

Notes:

MPT-HC V2 is similar to MPT-HC from architecture standpoint and can be used as spare part of the MPT-HC. The differences are:

MPT-HC V2 can be natively Ethernet powered through a proprietary PFoE (or as alternative by using two cables, one coaxial cable for the Power Supply and one optical cable for the Ethernet Traffic (as MPT-HC).

MPT-HC V2 is XPIC-ready (by the installation of a dedicated module).

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes : • By using the optional DC Extractor, installed close to the MPT-HC, the

Notes:

By using the optional DC Extractor, installed close to the MPT-HC, the interconnection between the MSS and the MPT-HC can be made with a single electrical Ethernet cable by using the Power Feed over Ethernet (Ethernet traffic and Power Supply on the same cable).

The DC Extractor then separates the Power Supply from the Ethernet traffic, which are separately send to the MPT-HC.

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Notes: • One electrical Ethernet cable connects an MPT Access unit in the MSS to

Notes:

One electrical Ethernet cable connects an MPT Access unit in the MSS to its MPT-HC V2 (the MPT Access unit provides the PFoE).

The max cable length is 100 m.

The Ethernet electrical cable is provided with connectors to be mounted on site with the specific RJ45 tool

(1AD160490001).

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Notes: • Two cables connect an MSS-1c to its MPT-HC V2: • One cable is

Notes:

Two cables connect an MSS-1c to its MPT-HC V2:

One cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2:

for length lower or equal to 100 m the power cable can be CAT5E cable to send the power supply to the MPT-HC V2 . The Ethernet electrical cable is provided with connectors to be mounted on site with the specific RJ45 tool (1AD160490001);

for length higher than 100m, the cable is a 50 ohm coaxial cable to send the power supply to the MPT- HC V2

In case of length lower than 100m and presence in the field of 1 coaxial already installed and free it is recommended to use the coax cable to minimize the installation effort.

The second cable is an Ethernet optical cable.

The Ethernet optical cable is preassembled and available in different lengths (up to 350 m).

A special cord adapter must be connected to the coaxial cable on the MPT-HC V2.

MPT-HC V2 must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: Two MPT-HC V2 are installed and connected to the power injector, and interconnected through

Notes:

Two MPT-HC V2 are installed and connected to the power injector, and interconnected through the XPIC and RPS cables.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes : • If MPT-HC V2 final installation will be in optical on the pole

Notes:

If MPT-HC V2 final installation will be in optical on the pole mounting don't insert SFP module, use a simple Ethernet cable connected to the RJ45 port for provisioning phase.

Verify on the PC, that the MCT application has been installed.

Configure the PC network card interface.

Launch the MCT by double clicking on file MctStarter.jar, located under the path created by the operator during the local copy and under \\WebEML MPR TCO

4.4\9500MCT_V02.0X.XX\MctStarter.jar

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Notes : MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer

Notes:

MPT-HC must be connected to a fuse or a breaker on a customer power distribution box. The recommended value is 3 Amps.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • TDM to TDM – This is the typical service associated to a traditional

Notes:

TDM to TDM This is the typical service associated to a traditional TDM network in which E1/T1 traffic is transported, switched and terminated inside a MPR network.

TDM to ETH This is the service allowing the TDM traffic to be aggregated and output in a single ETH stream. On this service specific algorithms are applied in order the E1/T1 is transported, switched and provided to an external ETH network in standard format (MEF-8).

SDH to SDH This is the typical service associated to a traditional SDH transport network. STM-

1 traffic is transparently transported, switched and terminated inside a MPR network.

ETH to ETH (ETSI) DATA (ANSI) This is not a real CES due to the native IP architecture of MPR. Ethernet traffic is directly managed by the L2 switch on the Core board, thanks to the auto- learning algorithm, VLANs etc.

ATM to ATM (ETSI) This profile allows the management of the ATM services inside a 9500 MPR network. E1s IMA/ATM are terminated/reconstructed at the borders of the 9500 MPR cloud; encapsulation/extraction of ATM streams into/from ATM PW packets is performed according to RFC 4717.

ATM to ETH (ETSI) This profile allows the ATM service to be terminated and encapsulated into an Ethernet stream towards an IP/MPLS Core Network.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

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Notes: • Definition : This service identifies a flow inside MPR network, in which E1/T1

Notes:

Definition: This service identifies a flow inside MPR network, in which E1/T1 is transported, switched and terminated.

Application: Typical microwave 2G backhauling application, in which E1/T1s are terminated before entering into aggregation network.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • Definition : E1/T1 TDM input signals are packetized according to MEF8 standard; E1/T1s

Notes:

Definition: E1/T1 TDM input signals are packetized according to MEF8 standard; E1/T1s are transported, switched and provided to an external ETH network in standard format (MEF-8).

Application: Typical microwave 2G backhauling application, in which E1/T1s are terminated before entering into aggregation network, where aggregation network is a packet network. E1/T1s are not terminated at the end of the microwave backhauling and an end-to-end circuit emulation services could be established between 9500 MPR and the service router in front of BSC/RNC

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • Definition : This service identifies a flow inside MPR network, in which STM-1

Notes:

Definition: This service identifies a flow inside MPR network, in which STM-1 is transparently transported, switched and terminated.

Application: Typical microwave transport application.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes: • Definition : Ethernet traffic is transported and switched automatically by the standard auto-

Notes:

Definition: Ethernet traffic is transported and switched automatically by the standard auto- learning algorithm of the built-in MPR 10 Gbit Ethernet switch.

Application: Typical microwave 3G backhauling/WiMax application, in which transport of Ethernet packets coming from base stations is requested.

Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

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Notes : • TDM2TDM and TDM2ETH profiles are managed in compliancy with Metro Ethernet Forum

Notes:

TDM2TDM and TDM2ETH profiles are managed in compliancy with Metro Ethernet Forum specifications MEF 8- Implementation Agreement for the Emulation of PDH Circuits over Metro Ethernet Networks

Same behavior than PDH/SDH transmission devices (QoS)

Reduced impact of the “packetization” overhead

Same Radio performances than PDH/SDH devices

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Notes: Case 1 for E1/T1 (TDM2TDM over MPR network) • The E1/T1 stream is inserted

Notes:

Case

1

for E1/T1 (TDM2TDM over MPR network)

The E1/T1 stream is inserted in Node 1 and extracted in Node 2. In this case the two IWFs used to packetize the traffic for the Ethernet switch in the Core-E module are both internal to the 9500 MPR network. The Circuit Emulation Service is TDM2TDM in Node 1 and Node 2. The Cross connections are PDH-Radio type.

Case

1

for STM-1 (SDH2SDH)

The STM-1 stream is inserted in Node 1 and extracted in Node 2. In this case the two IWFs used to packetize the traffic for the Ethernet switch in the Core-E module are both internal to the 9500 MPR network. The Circuit Emulation Service is SDH2SDH in Node 1 and Node 2. The Cross connections are SDH-Radio type.

Case

2

(TDM2Eth)

The E1/T1 stream is inserted in Node 1 and extracted in Node 2. One IWF is inside the 9500 MPR, the second IWF is external to the 9500 MPR-E network. The Circuit Emulation Service is TDM2ETH in Node 1 and Node 2. The Cross connections are PDH-Radio type in Node 1 and Radio-Eth type in Node 2.

Case

3

(TDM2Eth)

The E1/T1 stream is inserted/extracted in Node 1. One IWF is inside the 9500 MPR, but the second IWF is external to the 9500 MPR network. The Circuit Emulation Service is TDM2ETH in Node 1 and Node 2. The Cross connections to be implemented are PDH-Eth type in Node 1.

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Notes: Cases 4 and 5 (ETH2ETH) • In these cases Ethernet packets enter Node 1

Notes:

Cases

4

and

5 (ETH2ETH)

In these cases Ethernet packets enter Node 1 and are extracted in Node 2. In case 4 the Ethernet packets encapsulate the E1 stream; in case 5 the packets are native Ethernet packets. None of the IWFs belongs to the 9500 MPR network. The Circuit Emulation Service is ETH2ETH in Node 1 and Node 2. No Cross connections must be implemented. The path is automatically implemented with the standard auto-learning algorithm of the 9500 MPR Ethernet switch.

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Notes: Case 6 for E1/T1 (TDM2TDM over Ethernet) • The E1/T1 stream is inserted in

Notes:

Case

6

for E1/T1 (TDM2TDM over Ethernet)

The E1/T1 stream is inserted in Node 1 and extracted in Node 2. In this case the two IWFs used to packetize the traffic for the Ethernet switch in the Core-E module are both internal to the 9500 MPR network. The Circuit Emulation Service is TDM2TDM in Node 1 and Node 2. The Cross connections are PDH-Eth type.

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Notes: • Flow Id present (user defined) • intermediate node configuration (E1/T1 provisioning): • node

Notes:

Flow Id present (user defined)

intermediate node configuration (E1/T1 provisioning):

node by node (building Cross-connection tables based on Flow Id)

bandwidth guaranteed (according to QoS Highest Queue Priority association) no flooding-autolearning necessary

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Notes: • ECID = Emulated Circuit Identifier • IWF = Inter-Working Function Copyright © 2012

Notes:

ECID = Emulated Circuit Identifier

IWF = Inter-Working Function

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Notes: • Flow Id present (user defined) • all the parameters must be configured compliant

Notes:

Flow Id present (user defined)

all the parameters must be configured compliant with the MEF8 standard

adaptive or differential clock recovery supported

bandwidth guaranteed (according to QoS Highest Queue Priority association) destination MAC added before going into whole network (MEF8 compliant)

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Notes: • ECID = Emulated Circuit Identifier Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition

Notes:

ECID = Emulated Circuit Identifier

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Notes: • Flow Id present (user defined) • If there are intermediate nodes in each

Notes:

Flow Id present (user defined)

If there are intermediate nodes in each node build the Cross-connection tables based on Flow Id.

Bandwidth guaranteed (according to QoS Highest Queue Priority association)

No flooding-autolearning necessary

Both the IWFs belong to 9500 MPR-E and the packets are not supposed to exit the 9500 MPR-E network.

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• In figure is shown a more detailed block diagram of the ASAP unit in

In figure is shown a more detailed block diagram of the ASAP unit in Ingress.

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Notes: • Any packet belonging to an Eth2Eth TDM flow is treated as any other

Notes:

Any packet belonging to an Eth2Eth TDM flow is treated as any other Ethernet packet with the only exception of giving it an higher priority based on the MEF 8 Ethertype.

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Notes: • The table summarizes the actions taken for specific reserved multicast addresses. Frames identified

Notes:

The table summarizes the actions taken for specific reserved multicast addresses. Frames identified with these destination addresses are handled uniquely since they are designed for Layer 2 Control Protocols.

The actions taken by the system can be:

Discard - The system discards all ingress Ethernet frames and must not generate any egress Ether-net

Frame carrying the reserved multicast address.

Forward - The system accepts all ingress Ethernet frames as standard multicast frames and for-wards them accordingly.

Peer - The system acts as a peer of the connected device in the operation of the relevant Layer 2 Control Protocol.

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Notes: • 9500MPR uses a Connection Admission Control (CAC) for committed services and two schedulers

Notes:

9500MPR uses a Connection Admission Control (CAC) for committed services and two schedulers in series (on Core embedded L2 switch and on Radio peripheral)

The two schedulers need to jointly interoperate to guarantee determistic behavior of the services

The QoS function inside 9500 MPR-E is the result of a distributed implementation in the switch in the Core-E unit and Radio Interface unit. Both those QoS functions are properly configured in order to get the wished behavior on Ethernet flows that will be transmitted towards the Radio.

The QoS configuration is the same for all the involved units:

Core-E

EAS

Modem unit (to interface the ODU300)

MPT-HC/MPT-HC V2/MPT-XP/MPT-MC

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Notes: • In the figure is shown an overview of the QoS implementation inside the

Notes:

In the figure is shown an overview of the QoS implementation inside the Core-E unit and Modem unit which is used to interface the ODU300.

The QoS feature provides eight internal queues to support different traffic priorities. The QoS function can assign the packet to one of the eight egress transmit queues.

Queue 8 is assigned to TDM2TDM traffic (fixed assignment)

Queue 7 is assigned to TDM2Eth traffic (fixed assignment)

Queue 6 is assigned to TMN (fixed assignment)

Queues 1 to 5 are assigned to Ethernet traffic according to the information inside the packet as 802.1p field or DiffServ field.

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Notes: • In case the configuration of radio interfaces changes from 1+0 to 1+1, the

Notes:

In case the configuration of radio interfaces changes from 1+0 to 1+1, the Radio QoS of Spare interface takes the queue sizes of the Radio QoS of Main interface. The previous configuration of queue sizes of the Radio QoS of Spare interface is lost.

In case of the configuration of radio interfaces changes from 1+1 to 1+0, the Radio QoS of Main interface maintains the previous configuration of queue sizes, while the Spare interface takes the default queue sizes according to the configured Modem Profile.

When a radio port is added to the L1 LAG port, all custom QoS and queue size configuration is

lost.

When a radio port is removed from a L1 LAG port, the NE QoS settings are applied to the radio port. The queue sizes are set to the default values.

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Notes: • In order to give an estimation of the maximum delay, that an Ethernet

Notes:

In order to give an estimation of the maximum delay, that an Ethernet frame can experience when entering the specific queue in case of congestion of radio interface, the WebEML shows a read-only value, which is the queue size configured by the operator converted in a time value (msec).

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Notes: The weights can be changed, from the WebEML user interface. Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent.

Notes:

The weights can be changed, from the WebEML user interface.

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Notes: It is recommended to forward the jumbo frame only in the queue Q1 (lower

Notes:

It is recommended to forward the jumbo frame only in the queue Q1 (lower priority).

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Notes: • In this example, user traffic is split up into radio channels. Main advantages:

Notes:

In this example, user traffic is split up into radio channels. Main advantages:

Throughput. The overall radio Ethernet throughput is more than 1 Gbit/sec (4 x 350 Mbit/s, being this the value for 256QAM@56 MHz)

Protection. In case of a failure of one of the three channels, all the traffic is redirected on the remaining link (with a throughput of around 0.35 Gbit/sec). The discarded or dropped traffic is the one with lower priority: high priority traffic is still running on the remaining active channels.

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Notes: • In Layer1 Link Aggregation, the Distributor performs a packet-based traffic distribution over multiple

Notes:

In Layer1 Link Aggregation, the Distributor performs a packet-based traffic distribution over multiple links regardless of the content of the packets.

The Distributor takes into account the number of bytes sent over a specific link and loads links according to the available bandwidth. As a consequence, Layer1 Link Aggregation allows a traffic load balancing independently of traffic content. Since the distribution does not depend on Layer2 or Layer3 header content, this kind of Link Aggregation is called Layer1 (i.e., associated to the physical layer).

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Notes: The following radio configurations are supported: • 1+0 MPT-HC connected to P8ETH SFP port

Notes:

The following radio configurations are supported:

1+0 MPT-HC connected to P8ETH SFP port

1+0 MPT-HL connected to P8ETH SFP port

1+1 MPT-HL connected to P8ETH SFP port

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Notes: Radio L2 LAG ports configured in Active/Standby mode are NOT recommended in this release

Notes:

Radio L2 LAG ports configured in Active/Standby mode are NOT recommended in this release of the 9500 MPR.

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Notes: One MPT per MPT plug-in. Copyright © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved. Edition 3.0

Notes:

One MPT per MPT plug-in.

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Notes: The Ethernet ports involved in a LAG cannot be used as TMN In-band interface.

Notes:

The Ethernet ports involved in a LAG cannot be used as TMN In-band interface.

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Notes: After a user Ethernet port has been added to an Ethernet L2 LAG port,

Notes:

After a user Ethernet port has been added to an Ethernet L2 LAG port, the following user Ethernet port parameters may not be modified:

Link Capacity (10, 100, 1000 Mbps)

Duplex Mode

VLAN 802.1Q port priority

VLAN 802.1Q port filter mode

Auto Negotiation Enabled/Disabled

Disable the port

Synchronous Ethernet Operation Mode

SynchE Master/Slave (electrical only)

SSM support

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This page is left blank intentionally

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Notes : With MSS-1c and with MPR-e the SSM are transparency forwarded in most of

Notes:

With MSS-1c and with MPR-e the SSM are transparency forwarded in most of the configurations.

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Notes: • On the radio channel, a 9500 MPR transfers the reference clock to an

Notes:

On the radio channel, a 9500 MPR transfers the reference clock to an adjacent MPR device through the radio carrier frequency at physical layer.

This method offers two main advantages:

No bandwith is consumed for the synchronization distribution,

Total immunity to the network load.

End-to-end scenarios where time-of-day/phase alignment are requested are fully supported, as 1588 PTP v2 is carried transparently by MPR across the microwave backhauling network.

Both for Hybrid and Packet working modes, the Clock can be received at hand-off or delivered at the cell site. Synch-Eth, E1, PDH and BITS clock modes are available.

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Notes: • The availability of the Clock in the Network represents the most common scenario,

Notes:

The availability of the Clock in the Network represents the most common scenario, characterized by a time source available at the ingress of the microwave backhauling network, derived from the primary reference clock.

Synchronization (frequency) is delivered to the cell site using any of the options available on MPR, depending on the operator’s need. Worth repeating ingress and egress methods can be mixed (i.e. Synch-Eth at the ingress, E1/T1 at the egress) via a simple configuration.

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Notes: • 9500 MPR has an embedded reference clock which is distributed to each board

Notes:

9500 MPR has an embedded reference clock which is distributed to each board of the network element.

Such clock is generated in the Clock Reference Unit (CRU) of the core unit (controller).

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Notes: • Differential: used in case of clock distribution on the whole network. It’s more

Notes:

Differential: used in case of clock distribution on the whole network. It’s more reliable than Adaptive; also used in TDM2TDM traffic (MPR to MPR).

Adaptive: simpler network, but performances depends on the PDV (Packet Delay Variation) in the Network.

Always used when the reference clock isn’t distributed on the whole network.

Node Timing: this feature (called either “network clock re-timing” or “node timing” or, according to G. 8261 wording, “network-synchronous operation for service clock”) introduces an additional possibility to recover E1 clock.

Node timing is a way to recover TDM clock quite popular in the industry of service routers and site aggregator boxes. This feature inside the 9500 MPR platform is adding interworking capabilities with third parties service routers and circuit emulations gateway.

In node-timing working mode, all the E1s are re-sampled with the network element clock. This means that, as also reported in G8261, this method does not preserve the service timing (E1 clock).

Recovered E1 clock is according to G. 823 synchronization masks.

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Notes: • In meshed networks (rings) do not close the synchronization configuration. • If the

Notes:

In meshed networks (rings) do not close the synchronization configuration.

If the NODE TIMING is enabled, the CT still propose the possible selection between ACR and DCR: in this specific case, the meaning of this option is not related to the clock recovery algorithms but rather to the MRF8 frame format.

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Notes: • Differential clock recovery • Common reference clock IS available at both Ends. •

Notes:

Differential clock recovery

Common reference clock IS available at both Ends.

IWF system, at RX side, generate output clock based on RTP TimeStamps which are sent together with each Fragments.

Adaptative clock recovery

Common reference clock is NOT available at both Ends.

IWF system, at RX side, generate output clock based on data arrival rate: TDM clock is slowly adjusted to maintain the average fill level of a jitter buffer at its midpoint.

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Notes: • Each Module will mute its own Synchronization clock in case of Fail Alarm.

Notes:

Each Module will mute its own Synchronization clock in case of Fail Alarm.

For each available sync source, the CRU detects the signal Degrade Alarm on each available sync source. Such Signal Degrade alarm raises also in case of muted (missing) clock.

The Signal Degrade Alarm relevant to the selected Synchronization Source, or the relevant Card Fail, causes the switching of the Synchronization Source.

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