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PRESTRESSED CONCRETE ASSIGNMENT 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of prestressed concrete? 2. What is meant by partial prestressing?

Why partial prestressing is preferred? Why are non-prestressed reinforcement used in pre-prestressed concrete? 3. Why are high strength concrete and high tensile steel used in prestressed concrete member? 4. A prestressed concrete rectangular beam 300mm wide and 800mm deep is subjected to an effective pre-stress of 2400kN. The shape of the tendon is parabolic such that the center of gravity of the tendon is at 200mm above soffit at center span whereas at ends the center of gravity of the cable is at 400mm above soffit of the beam. The beam has a simply supported span of 8m and is subjected to a uniformly distributed load of 50kN/m. Find the resulting short term deflection at the center of the beam. Take Ec= 4104MPa. 5. i) What is strain-compatibility method? Outline the various step followed in computing flexural strength of prestressed concrete sections. ii) A pre-tensioned concrete T- section having a flange width of 1200mm and flange thickness of 150mm, depth and thickness of web respectively being 1500 mm and 300mm is prestressed by 4700mm2 of high tensile steel located at an effective depth of 1600mm. If fckis 40N/mm2 and fp= 1600N/mm2. Estimate the ultimate flexural strength of the flanged section. 6. A rectangular concrete beam 250 mm wide by 300 mm deep is prestressed by a force of 540 kN through a straight tendon placed 90mm above soffit throughout the 3m span of the beam section which is subjected to a concentrated load of 68 kN at the center span. Determine the location of the pressure line at the center span, quarter span and at support sections of the beam and sketch the position of the pressure line in the beam. Neglect the self-weight of the beam. 7. A prestressed concrete beam of rectangular section 120 mm 300 mm supports a uniformly distributed load of 4kN/m over the entire effective span of 6m. The beam is concentrically prestressed by a straight cable carrying a force of 180 kN. Compute the resultant stresses at the mid-span beam section using the internal resisting couple method. The self-weight of the beam may be neglected. 8. i) Explain the terms (any two) :- a) End block b) Anchorage zone c) Bursting tension with reference to post-tensioned prestressed members. ii)A prestressed concrete pile, 250mm x 250 mm cross-section, contains 60 pre-tensioned wires each of 2 mm diameter. The wires are initially tensioned on the pre-stressing bed with a total force of 300kN. Calculate the final stress in concrete and the percentage loss of stress in steel after all losses, given that: Es = 210 kN/mm2, Ec = 32kN/mm2. Shortening due to creep = 30106. Relaxation of steel = 2% of initial stress

Total shrinkage = 200106 per unit length 9. A prestressed concrete beam 100mm wide and 250mm deep is required to support an ultimate shear force of 60 kN. The compressive prestress at centroidal axis is 5N/mm2. The characteristic cube strength of concrete is 40N/mm2. The cover to tension reinforcement is 50mm. The characteristic tensile strength of available steel to be used in stirrups is 250N/mm 2. Design suitable transverse reinforcements at the support section of the prestressed beam following the relevant Indian Standard code recommendations. 10. a) Briefly outline the Magnels method of computing the horizontal and transverse stresses in end blocks subjected to concentrated force from anchorage. b) A Freyssinet anchorage of area of 12100 mm2 carrying 12 wires 7 mm diameter, stressed to 950 N/mm2 is embedded concentrically in the web of an I-section beam at the ends. The thickness of the web is 225 mm. Evaluate the maximum tensile stress and the bursting tensile force in the end block using Rowes method. Design the reinforcement for the end block. 11. An unsymmetrical I section beam supports an imposed load of 2kN/m over a span of 8 m. The sectional details are top flange 300 mm wide and 60 mm thick; bottom flange 100mm wide and 60mm thick; thickness of web 80mm; overall depth of the beam 400mm. The beam is to be prestressed by an effective prestressing force of 100kN is located at 50mm from the soffit of the beam. Estimate the stresses at the centre of span section of the beam for the following load conditions: a) Prestress + Self weight b) Prestress + Self weight + Live load c) If the modulus of rupture of concrete is 5N/mm2, determine the load factor against cracking. 12. A two-span continuous prestressed concrete beam has a rectangular cross-section of width 100 mm and depth 300 mm. Each span of the beam is 10m. The beam is prestressed with an effective force of 360 kN provided through cable parallel to the axis of the beam and located at 100 mm from soffit. (a) Determine the secondary and resultant moment at the central support (b) Calculate the resultant stresses at top and bottom of the beam section at the central support, if the beam is subjected to an imposed load of 1.5kN/m. Assume the unit weight of concrete as 24kN/m3. (c) Locate the resultant line of thrust through the beam 13. A composite prestressed concrete beam comprising of 480 mm x 50 mm cast-in-situ flange and 120mm x240 mm precast stem prestressed with an initial prestressing force of 230kN applied through tendons placed 80mm above soffit. Loss in pre-stress may be assumed to be 15%. The beam is to support an imposed load of 4kN/m in addition to its self- weight over a span of 6m. Determine the resultant stresses in the beam for various stages of loading if the beam is(i) Propped (ii)un-propped. 14. A post-tensioned prestressed concrete beam of rectangular cross-section 400mm wide by 550mm deep, is subjected to a torsional moment of 46.6 kNm, shear force of 66.6 kN and

a bending moment of 166.6 kNm due to the service loads. Depending on the service load requirements, the beam section is prestressed with an effective prestressing force of 500kN at an eccentricity of 150mm, provided through 12.5 mm strands having crosssectional area 506mm2 with an ultimate tensile strength of 1820 N/mm2. The cube strength of concrete is 40 N/mm2. Design suitable longitudinal and transverse reinforcement in the beam using IS: 1343-1980 code recommendations based on the skew bending approach. Assume reasonable data if required. 15. A post-tensioned prestressed beam of a rectangular section 250mm wide is to be designed for an imposed load of 12kN/m, uniformly distributed on a span of 12m. The stress in the concrete must not exceed 17N/mm2 in compression or 1.4N/mm2in tension and the losses of prestress assumed to be 15 percent. Calculate a) the minimum possible depth of beam and b) for the section provided, the minimum prestressing force and corresponding eccentricity. c) Check the results by Magnels graphical method. 16. A prestressing force of 250 kN is transmitted through a distribution plate 120mm wide and 120mm deep, the centre of which is located at 100mm from bottom of an end block having asection 120mm wide and 300 mm deep. Evaluate the position and magnitude of the maximumtensile stress on horizontal section passing through the centre of the distribution plate using themethods of a) Magnel b) Rowe and c) IS code method. Find the area of the steel necessary to resist the large tensile force resulting from any of these methods. Yield stress in steel= 260 N/mm2.The required datas are given below in Table 16.1. Table 16.1: Co-efficient of Stresses in End-blocks (Magnel) Distance from far end, x/h 0 0.20 0.30 0.50 1.00 K1 K2 K3

20.00 2.560 -1.960 -5.000 0

-2.000 1.280 1.960 2.000 0

0.000 2.048 2.058 1.250 0