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Form 5 Chapter 2 : Electricity

No. Key Words


1 2 3 4 5 6 Circuit External Circuit Internal Circuit Direction of current Current 1 Ampere

7 1 Coloumb Electric Field Lines/ Electric lines of force 9 Potential Difference 10 Electric Field Electrical potential 11 Difference 8 12 Ohm's Law 13 Resistance 14 Critical temperature 15 Superconductor 16 Electrical Circuit 17 Series Circuit 18 Parallel Circuit 19 Effective Resistor 20 Internal Resistance 21 Electromotive force 22 Terminal potential Difference

23 Lost Volts 24 Power 25 Power rating

Form 5 Chapter 2 : Electricity


Definition
A closed loop through which charges flow continuously The path taken by the charges outside the cell or battery The path taken by the charges within the cell or battery The direction in which a positive charge would travel Rate of flow of electric charges The charge which is flowing at the rate of 1 coulomb per second The charge which passes any point in a circuit when a steady current of 1 ampere is flowing in 1 second The path that would be taken by a positive test charge placed in the electric field Drives a current through a conductor A region which electric force acts on a particle with an electric charge Work done in moving a unit charge between two points in an electric field The electric current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across the ends of the conductor if the temperature and other physical conditions remains the same Ratio of potential difference across the conductor to the current flowing/ ability of the conductor to resist the flow of an electric current through it The temperature when a metal conductor's resistance is 0 Conductors that resistance will become 0 at the critical temperature A complete path along which electric current can flow A circuit where components are connected end to end consecutively so as to provide a single path for the current to flow through all the components A circuit where the components are placed side by side and their corresponding ends are joined together A single resistor that replaces 2 or more resistor in series or parallel and yet has the same effect on the circuit by allowing the same amount of current to flow in the circuit Resistance within the cell or battery itself The work done by a source driving 1 coulomb of charge around a complete circuit (external and internal) Work done by a source in driving 1 coulomb of charge through the external resistor Work done by a source in driving 1 coulomb of charge through the cell (internal resistance) Rate of transfer of electrical energy The rate at which a appliance consumes electrical energy