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DILATATION AND CURRETAGE Vaginal Speculum Ovum Forcep

Hank Dilator

Vaginal Retractor

Curette

Tenaculum

NSVD Thumb Forcep Tissue Forcep

Metzenbaum Scissors

Mayo Scissors

Needle Holder

Straight Forcep

Uterine Curette a surgical instrument that has a scoop, ring, or loop at the tip and is used in performing curettage Ovum Forcep Ovum forceps are commonly used to remove placental fragments inside the uterus. It is also used as a hemostat or a clamping instrument. Vaginal Speculum a bivalved instrument, with two blades used to hold open the vaginal opening for inspection of the vaginal cavity. Hank Dilator uterine dilators of solid metal construction. Tenaculum A tenaculum is a surgical instrument, usually classified as a type of forceps. It consists of a slender sharppointed hook attached to a handle and is used mainly in surgery for seizing and holding parts, such as blood vessels, cervix and uterus during insertion of an intrauterine device. Vaginal Retractor is an instrument that can actively separate the edges of the vagina, or can hold back underlying tissues, so to provide access into or exposure of the inner parts of the female reproductive system Metzenbaum are surgical scissors designed for cutting delicate tissue. The scissors come in variable lengths and have a relatively long shank-to-blade ratio. They are constructed of tungsten carbide and blades can be curved or straight. The blade tips are blunt. Mayo are used for cutting heavy fascia and sutures. Thumb Forcep Thumb forceps are commonly held between the thumb and two or three fingers of one hand, with the top end resting on the first dorsal interosseous muscle (see dorsal interossei of the hand) at the base of the thumb and index finger. Spring tension at one end holds the grasping ends apart until pressure is applied. This allows one to quickly and easily grasp small objects or tissue to move and release it or to grasp and hold tissue with easily variable pressure. Thumb forceps are used to hold tissue in place when applying sutures, to gently move tissues out of the way during exploratory surgery and to move dressings or draping without using the hands or fingers. Thumb forceps can have smooth tips, cross-hatched tips or serrated tips (often called 'mouse's teeth'). Common arrangements of teeth are 12 (two teeth on one side meshing with a single tooth on the other), 77 and 99. Serrated forceps are used on tissue; counter-intuitively, teeth will damage tissue less than a

smooth surface (you can grasp with less overall pressure). Smooth or cross-hatched forceps are used to move dressings, remove sutures and similar tasks. Tissue forcep Interdigitating teeth hold tissue without slipping. Used to hold skin or dense tissue. Needle holder A needle holder, also called needle driver, is a surgical instrument, similar to a hemostat, used by doctors and surgeons to hold asuturing needle for closing wounds during suturing and surgical procedures.

Straight Forcep Straight forcep or simply called hemostat is primarily used to clamp a bleeding vessel. It is commonly used in both surgery and emergency medicine to control bleeding, especially from a torn blood vessel, until the bleeding can be repaired by stitches or other surgical techniques. It is also used in clamping catheters like urinary catheter as well as in chest tubings. Aside from medical use, it is also been used in some other purposes just like in gripping an earring before piercing the skin and clipping teeny letters.