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Clustering Management

Microsoft IT Camps - Virtualization

Numerous Management Options

Failover Cluster Manager

Command Line (Cluster.exe) WMI

PowerShell (2008 R2)


OpsMgr / MOM


Integrated Tool Experience

Virtual Machine Density

1,000 VMs per Cluster supported Deploy across any number of nodes
Allocate spare capacity to support a node failure

384 VM per node limit 512 VP per node limit

12:1 virtual processors per logical

Planning Considerations
Hardware Limits
CPU Memory Network IO Storage IO

Hyper-V Limits Reserve Capacity

Servers in a Clustered Virtual Machine

App-V 4.5+ Azure VM Role BizTalk Server 2004+ Commerce Server 2007 SP2+ Dynamics AX 2009+ Dynamics CRM 4.0+ Dynamics GP 10.0+ Dynamics NAV 2009+ Essential Business Server 2008+ Exchange Server 2007 SP1+ Forefront Client Security Forefront Endpoint Protection 2010+ Forefront Identity Manager 2010+ Forefront Security for Exchange SP1+ Forefront Security for SharePoint SP1+ Host Integration Server 2006+ HPC Server 2008+ Identity Lifecycle Manager 2007 FP1+ Intelligent Application Gateway 2007 SP2+ Internet Security and Acceleration Server Lync Server 2010+ Office Groove Server 2007 SP1+ Office PerformancePoint Server 2007 SP2+ Office Project Server 2007 SP1+ Office SharePoint Server 2007 SP1+ Office Web Apps Opalis Integration Server 6.2.2+ Operations Manager 2005 Search Server 2008+ SharePoint Services 3.0 SP1 SQL Server 2005+ SC Configuration Manager 2007 SP1+ SC Data Protection Manager 2007+ SC Essentials 2007 SP1+ SC Operations Manager 2007+ SC Service Manager 2010+ SC Virtual Machine Manager 2008+ Systems Management Server 2003 SP3+ Visual Studio Team System 2008+ Web Server 2008 Windows Server 2003 SP2+ Windows Server Update Services 3.0 SP1+

Quick Migration
Quick Migrate
Save State of VMs

Hyper-V only VM has some downtime

Copy state & bring online


Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV)

Data over any network

Coordinator Node


Every node can access storage


1 LUN : Many VMs

Live Migration
Entire VM memory copied
Live Migrate

Hyper-V only VM has no downtime

Memory content is copied to new server


May be additional incremental data copies until data on both nodes is essentially identical


Live Migration Client directed to

Session state is maintained No reconnections necessary Clients stay connected to VM

new host

ARP redirects clients to new node Old VM deleted after success



VM Health Monitoring
Cluster Heartbeat setting property Enable VM heartbeat setting (disabled by default)
Requires Integration Components (ICs) installed

Health check for VM OS from host

User-Mode Hangs System Crashes



Refresh VM Configuration
Make configuration changes through Failover Cluster Manager or VMM
Hyper-V Manager is not cluster aware, changes will be lost

Refresh virtual machine configuration

Looks for any changes to VM or Cluster configuration Update-ClusterVirtualMachineConfiguration

Ensures VM on correct CSV disk with updated paths

Checks live migration compatibility

Several other checks performed

Delay Startup of Low Priority VMs

Cluster Auto-Start property Mark groups as lower priority Enables the most important VM to start first Group property Enabled by default Disabled VMs needs manual restart to recover after a crash Scenarios VM prioritization Allow important VMs to start first Disable failover for VMs

Keep VMs on the Same Host

Cluster Persistent Mode property HA Service or Application will return to original owner Better VM distribution after cold start Enabled by default for VM groups Disabled by default for other groups Scenarios Starting VMs on the same host Better VM distribution on start Avoid overwhelming host on start

Distribute VMs Across Hosts

Cluster AntiAffinityClassNames property
Groups with same AACN try to avoid moving to same node

Enables VM distribution across host nodes Better utilization of host OS resources Failover behavior on large clusters: KB 299631 Scenarios
Keep similar VMs off the same host
Guest cluster nodes DCs or infrastructure servers

Separate tenets

PowerShell Support
Provides automation Improved Manageability
Run Validate Easily Create Clusters & HA Roles Generate Dependency Reports Built-in Help (Get-Help Cluster) Create VMs: Add-ClusterVirtualMachineRole Quick migration: Move-ClusterGroup Live migration: Move-ClusterVirtualMachineRole Add a disk to CSV: Add-ClusterSharedVolume Move CSV disk: Move-ClusterSharedVolume Update VM Configuration: Update-ClusterVirtualMachineConfiguration

Hyper-V Integration

Server Core, Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 & RSAT Client Replaces cluster.exe as the CLI tool

Live migration and quick migration provide VM mobility across cluster nodes Cluster properties can control VM placement