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NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING

MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III

Trainer: Chandramouli R

NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R
NUTS & BOLTS of PATENTING MPCT 202/MPMC 202 Unit III Trainer: Chandramouli R

Indian Patents unravelled

Invention & scope of patent

Patentability of invention
Procedure for filing Patent Application
Drafting the specification for Patent Application
Exclusive Marketing Rights
Compulsory License.
Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.

 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.
 Exclusive Marketing Rights  Compulsory License.  Forms & Fees for Patent filing and maintenance.

Invention?

Indian patent act (amendment) 2002 define the term invention is:

“A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application.”

the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of
the term invention is: “A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of

“Inventive step” is the feature that makes the invention non-obvious to a person skilled in the art.
Capable of industrial application” means an invention should have commercial value in the market.

in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial
in the art.  “ Capable of industrial application ” means an invention should have commercial

“Obviousness

or

lack

of

inventive step” must be judged having regard to what was publicly known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the priority date of the claim.

known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the
known or publicly used in India or what was published in India or elsewhere before the

What is a patent?

A patent is a monopoly right to a person who has invented a new and useful article or it is an improvement of an existing article or a new process of making an article.
Essential ingredients of patent are:

Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness,

 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .

Sufficiency of description.

 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .
 Essential ingredients of patent are: Novelty, Inventive Step, Lack of Obviousness, Sufficiency of description .

A patent is not granted for an idea or principle as such, but it is granted for some article or the process of making the same article.

The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the renewal fees at every succeeding year.

article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the
article.  The term of every patent is 20 years and it maintain by paying the

Why one should go for patent???

Prevention against leaking of the invention through workmen of inventor.

Prevent secret exploitation of invention by the competitor.
On obtaining patent the

patentee

can

lawfully

of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.

enforce against infringers.

of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.
of invention by the competitor.  On obtaining patent the patentee can lawfully enforce against infringers.

Patentee can get monetary reward by granting licenses to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent & get the tax benefit.

to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &
to others, or by cross-licensing or, by assigning the patent, or, by donating the patent &

Types of Patent

1. Ordinary patent application

2. Patent of addition

3. International application by PCT route or by Conventional route.

1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by
1. Ordinary patent application 2. Patent of addition 3. International application by PCT route or by

What are NOT inventions

Invention which is frivolous or claiming obvious or contrary to well-established natural laws;
Primary or intended use or commercial use of any invention is contrary to law or morality or injurious to health of human, animal or plant life or environment;
Mere discovery of a scientific principle or formulation of an abstract theory;
Mere discovery of new property or new use of known substance or mere use of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or employ new reactant.

of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or
of known process, machine or apparatus is not invention, however known process forms new product or

A substance obtained by a mere admixture resulting only in the aggregation of the properties of the components thereof or a process producing such substance.

Mere

arrangement

or

rearrangement

or

duplication of known devices;

thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known
thereof or a process producing such substance.  Mere arrangement or rearrangement or duplication of known

Any process for the medicinal, surgical, curative, prophylactic, diagnostic, therapeutic or other treatment of human beings or any process for a similar treatment for animal to make them free of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.

A method of agriculture or horticulture.

of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method
of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.  A method

Plants and animals in whole or any part thereof as seeds, varieties and species and essential biological processes for the production or propagation of plants and animals.

A mathematical or business method or a computer program per se or algorithms

or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program
or propagation of plants and animals.  A mathematical or business method or a computer program

A presentation of information;

Topography of integrated circuits;
Any literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work or any other aesthetical creation including cinematographic works and television productions;
An invention is traditional knowledge or is an aggregation or duplication of known properties of traditionally known component/s;
Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method of playing any game.

of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method
of traditionally known component/s;  Scheme / rule / method of performing mental act or method

Inventions which are not patentable:

An invention relating to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act.

to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s

©markpatent.org

21 st August, 2004.

to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s
to atomic energy is not patentable invention as per the Indian patent act. ©markpatent.org 21 s

Inventions which are not patentable

An invention claiming substances intended for use, or capable of being used, as food or as medicine or drug or Invention claiming to substances prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.

prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
prepared or produced by chemical processes including alloys, optical glass, semi-conductors and inter-metallic compounds.

Patentable Inventions

Patentable Inventions  Invention claiming for the method or processes of manufacture of substances being used

Invention claiming for the method or processes of manufacture of substances being used as food or drug or medicine or
Invention claiming chemical processes for the production of alloys, optical glass, semi- conductors and inter-metallic compounds.
Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc.

©markpatent.org

21 st August, 2004

 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004
 Product (substance) which is non pharmaceutical-ex: machine, device etc. ©markpatent.org 21 s t August, 2004

“Chemical processes” includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.

Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.

includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.
includes biochemical, biotechnological and microbiological process.  Process for Micro-organisms are also patentable.

Mail Box Patent Application

Invention claiming on pharmaceutical products or substances are treated as mail-box application till 31 st December 2004.
Mail box application will not be examined until 31 st December 2004.

 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21

©markpatent.org

21 st August, 2004.

 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21
 Mail box application will not be examined until 31 s t December 2004. ©markpatent.org 21

Product

application will be examined only on filing the request within 48 months from the date of patent application or within 12 months after 31 st December 2004, whichever is later. On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.

(Mail-Box)

patent

is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.
is later.  On failure of filing request for examination, the patent will treated as abandoned.

Provisional Patent Application

An applicant may file a provisional specification containing incomplete & general description of the invention.
No need to file claims.
Objective of it is to fix the priority date
Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing provisional specification.

 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing
 Complete specification is to be filed within 12+3 (15 months) from the date of filing

Patent Application accompanying complete specification

Should begin with title of invention;
Prior Art in relation to the present invention;
Full & particular description of the invention, its operation or use and method of performing;
Claim/claims
Abstract
Drawings if necessary

invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if
invention, its operation or use and method of performing;  Claim/claims  Abstract  Drawings if

FORM - 2

THE PATENTS ACT, 1970

(39 of 1970)

COMPLETE SPECIFICATION

[SECTION 10; RULE 13]

1. Title of Invention

2. Name of Applicant

(a)

(b)

Address of Applicant

(c)

Nationality: Indian.

The following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention

following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is

and the manner in which it is to be performed.

following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is
following specification particularly describes the nature of this invention and the manner in which it is

The present invention relates to a novel process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acidesters

using active methylene compounds and N,N dimethyl formamide-dimethyl sulfate complex.

Substituted propenoic aid esters, especially amino-substituted derivatives like B-amino acrylic acid

esters are significantly important in the synthesis of quinolones (JP 02215749, 1990; Leibigs Ann. Chem. 29-37,

1987).

Nalidixic acid was the first quinolone introduced to clinical practice, and is still in use for treatment of

urinary tract infections caused by gram-negative pathogens.

Since the introduction have been made in the antibacterial spectrum and spectrum and potency of

quinolones Additionally, newer quinolones are well absorbed and distributed throughout the body making them

useful for the treatment of a variety of systemic infections including those of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal

tract, the ear, nose, and throat, sexually transmitted diseases and bone infections (Kirk-Othmer, Encyclopedia of

diseases and bone infections (Kirk-Othmer, Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 4 t h Edition, 1991, Vol. 2,855).

Chemical Technology, 4 th Edition, 1991, Vol. 2,855). Alongwith the increase in the importance of quinolones as

an antibacterial agent, the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their

synthesis also gained importance

the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also
the synthesis of quinolones and the intermediates like B-amino acid esters used for their synthesis also

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART:

There are various methods for the preparation of the useful B-amino acrylic aid esters.

U S Patent No. 4,772,722 (Englaender et al, 1988) discloses a method for the preparation of 3 amino

acrylic acid esters by reacting an alkali salt of a beta hydroxy acrylic acid ester with an amine salt.

U S Patent No.5,030,747 (Blank et al 1991)s discloses a method of preparation of beta amino acrylic acid

esters by reaction of beta hydroxy acrylic acid ester alkali metal salts with ammonium salts in an aprotic organic

solvent, or in an aprotic organic solvent in admixture with aprotic organic solvent miscible with the aprotic

solvent, to give high 90% yield of the reaction product comprared to 75% yield of the Englaender method (U S

Patent No.4,772,711).

The starting alkali salt of beta hydroxy acrylic acid ester for both the above methods of US Patent

Nos.4,772,711 and 5,030,747 is obtained from carbon monoxide, alcoholate and acetic acid esters in a pressure

reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires high pressure apparatus.

acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires
acid esters in a pressure reaction requiring 20 to 50 bar. Thus, both these methods requires

In the process described in Tetrahedron letters, 4061, 1976 and Liebigs Annalen Der Chemie Vol.

1980, No.7,991, highly toxic iron pentacarbonyl is used in the reaction of methyl acrylate with t-

butoxy bis (dimethylamino) methane. Moreover, there is polymerization of acrylic acid ester, which

makes the reaction product more difficult to isolate, and is a disadvantage of the process.

B-Dimethyl amino acrylic acid ester is also obtained by the reaction of t-butoxy bis

(dimethylamino) methane with ethyl acetate at 1700C (Chemische Berichte 2709, 104,1971). The

process has to be carried out in a sealed tube and high pressures are attained at the end of avolatile

reaction. It is also known, that when methoxy bis (dimethylamino) methane is reacted with ethyl

bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International

67,10,1978).

with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).
with ethyl bytyrate, no reaction product is obtained at all (Organic Preparation Proceedings, International 67,10,1978).

US Patent No.5,466,192 (Kraus et al, 1995) discloses a method for production of B-

amino acrylic acid esters by reacting acetic acid esters with amino acid esters at 0.5 to 10 bar

(preferably 1 to 5 bar) and 50-700C (preferably 80 0 C to 150 0 C) in an aprotic polar solvent.

Apart from the high temperature and pressure required by the process, the amino acid esters

are costly.

The above described methods are both cumbersome and costly. Hence there arose a

need to develop a facile, novel scheme to prepare substituted propenoic acid esters.

THE FIELD OF INVENTION:

The object of the invention is to provide for a safe, economical, facile route for the

preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters. The present invention provides a process for

the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1.

provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3

CH3

CH3

N H
N
H
H O
H
O
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3

OR

provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3

Wherein R is C1-C4 alkyl group,

Said process comprises, reacting an activemethylene compound of the general formula II,

COOR1 COOR2
COOR1
COOR2

wherein R1 is Na+ or K+ and R2 is C1-C4 alkyl group, with, N,N-dimethyl amino methoxymethylium

methyl sulfate of formula III:

N

N

CH3

OCH3

CH3 OCH3
N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3

(-)O

S

O

OCH3

CH3

(+)

O

H

sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in

in the presence of a solvent.

sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in
sulfate of formula III: N CH3 OCH3 (-)O S O OCH3 CH3 (+) O H in

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION:

The synthetic utility, of B-amino acrylic acid esters is ever increasing, as mentioned

earlier, in the examples of quinolones, which are marketed worldwide. To make such

products more economical, it is necessary to find a commercially viable and safe route. In

literature, there are various methods of reported for the synthesis of B-amino acrylic acid

esters as described above. However, the risks involved in the process are high due to high

temperatures and/or pressures involved, hazards of reactant and product costs, all of which

demand for a new route.

The present invention relates to a cost effective and safe process. The present

invention provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of

formula (I):

CH3

H

OR O
OR
O
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H

N

CH3

N CH3
N CH3
N CH3

H

provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H
provides a process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of formula (I): CH3 H

wherein R is C1-C4 alkyl group, by reacting active methylene compounds of general formula (II):

reacting active methylene compounds of general formula (II): COOR1 COOR2 wherein R1 is Na+ or K+

COOR1

COOR2

wherein R1 is Na+ or K+ and R2 is C1-C4 alkyl group, with N, N-dimethyl formamide- dimethylsulfate

complex of general formula (III):

 

CH3

O

N

OCH3

(-)O

S

OCH3

  CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O
  CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O
  CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O

CH3

(+)

O

H

The R2 group of the active methylene compound of general formula (II) used in the present invention is preferably methyl or ethyl.

The active methylene compound is preferably cooled before the reaction, to a temperature

is preferably cooled before the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around

range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between compounds II and III

the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between
the reaction, to a temperature range of 5-200C and preferably to around 100C. The reaction between

N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate (III) was prepared according to literature procedure

(Organic synthesis, collective Vol V).

The reaction according to the process of the invention may be represented by the following scheme:

N

CH3

CH3 OCH3 -O +
CH3
OCH3
-O
+

H

Solvent

S

O

OCH3 O
OCH3
O

+

be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
COOR1 COOR2
COOR1
COOR2
H COOR2 H
H
COOR2
H
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O

CH3

be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O

N

CH3

be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O
be represented by the following scheme: N CH3 CH3 OCH3 -O + H Solvent S O

Ethylene dichloride is preferably used as solvent, but benzene, toluene or chloroform can

also be used.

According to the reaction scheme, methyl alkali malonate, such as methyl potassium

malonate (II) was treated with N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate (III) to

give 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino). Methyl ester. (E) in 68% yield.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1: Preparation of methyl potassium malonate by using dimethyl malonate.

A 20 lit. round bottom flask was charged with 3 lit. of methanol under nitrogen. To it

was added 2 Kg. of dimethylmalonate and it was cooled to 0-200C, preferably to 100C. To

this cooled solution, methanolic potassium hydroxide solution (prepared by the slow

addition of 960 gm. of potassium hydroxide in 3 lit. of methanol under nitrogen) was added.

hydroxide in 3 lit. of methanol under nitrogen) was added. The reacton mixture was stirred for

The reacton mixture was stirred for 5-10 hr., preferably 7 hr. The reaction mixture was then

cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which separated out was filtered to

The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which
The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0-100C, preferably 50C for 30 min. The solid which

EXAMPLE 2: Preparation of methyl potassium malonate by using diethyl malonate.

A 1 lit. round bottom flask was charged with 150 ml of methanol under nitrogen. To it

was added 100 gm. of diethyl malonate and it was cooled to 0-150C, preferably to 100C. To

this cooled solution, methanolic potassium hydroxide solution (prepared by the slow

addition of 40 gm. of potassium hydroxide in 150 ml. of methanol under nitrogen) was

added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 7 hr. The reaction mixture was then cooled to

50C for 30 min. The solid which separated out was filtered to give 85 gm. of methyl

malonate.

Similarly, methyl sodium malonate was also prepared, using the above procedures.

EXAMPLE 3: Preparation of 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), methyl ester, (E).

In a 20 lit. round bottom flask, 1.98 kg. of methyl potassium malonate in 8 lit. of

ethylene dichloride was added. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5-20 0 C, preferably to

10 0 C, and 3.2 kg. of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added

N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise, under nitrogen. The temperature was raised to 20

dropwise, under nitrogen. The temperature was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it

was added 2 lit. of 2% aq. Sodium hydroxide solution and

was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2
was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 2

stirred for 10 min. The organic layer was separated, dried over sodium sulfate and

concentrated under reduced pressure to give the product. It was further washed by hexane to

give 1.325Kg. of pure, dry 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino)-, ethyl ester, (E). m.p.:44-

46 0 C.

IR: 3803, 1735, 1620, 1544 cm-1

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200MHz)delta : 7.43(d, 1H, J=12.86 Hz), 4.51 (d,1H,J=12.87 Hz),

3.66 (s, 3H), 2.88(s, 6H)

Mass: 129(95%), 114(24%), 98(100%) and 82(11%).

2-Propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using

sodium salt of malonate.

methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t

©markpatent.org

21 st August, 2004.

methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t
methyl ester, (E) was also prepared by using sodium salt of malonate. ©markpatent.org 21 s t

EXAMPLE 4: preparation of ethyl potassium malonate by using dimethyl malonate.

A 250 ml. round bottom flask was charged with 40 ml. of ethanol under nitrogen. To it

was added 20 gm. of dimethylmalonate and it was cooled to 0-15 0 C, preferably to 10 0 C. To

this cooled solution, ethanolic potassium hydroxide solution (prepared by slow addition of

9.9 gm. of potassium hydroxide in 30 ml. of ethanol under nitrogen) was added. The reaction

mixture was stirred for 7 hr. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 50C for 30 min. The

solid which separated out was filtered to give 15 gm. of ethyl potassium malonate.

EXAMPLE 5: Preparation of 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester, (E).

In a 250 ml round bottom flask 10 gm. of ethyl potassium malonate in 40 ml. of

ethylene dichloride was added. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5-20 0 C, preferably to

10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added

dropwise under nitrogen.

to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise
to 10 0 C, and 16 gm of N, N-dimethylamino methoxymethylium methyl sulfate was added dropwise

The temperature was raised to 20 0 C and maintained for 6 hrs. To it was added 10 ml of

2% aq. Sodium hydroxide solution and stirred for 10 min. The organic layer was separated,

dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the

product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester, (E).

under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,
under reduced pressure to give 5.5 gm of the product i.e. 2-propenoic acid, 3-(dimethylamino), ethyl ester,

I/WE CLAIM:

1. A process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1.

CH3

substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3 CH3 N H H O OR wherein

CH3

N

H
H
H
H

O

propenoic acid esters of general formula 1. CH3 CH3 N H H O OR wherein R

OR

wherein R is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group,

said process comprises,

reacting an active methylene compound of the general formula II

COOR1
COOR1

COOR1

COOR2

Wherein R 1 is Na + or K + and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with,

N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate of formula III

+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
+ and R 2 is C 1 -C 4 alkyl group, with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate
CH3 N CH3 (+)
CH3
N
CH3
(+)

H

OCH3

(-)O

O S O
O
S
O

OCH3

in the presence of a solvent.

2. The process as claimed in claim 1 wherein said R 2 is methyl or ethyl.

3. The process as claimed in claim 2, wherein said solvent is selected form the group consisting of ethylene dichloride, benzene, toluene or chloroform.

4. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein methyl potassium malonate or ethyl potassium malonate of formula II is cooled to a range of 5-20 0 C, before reacting with the compound of formula III.

5. The process as claimed in claim 3, wherein methyl potassium malonate or ethyl potassium malonate of formula II is cooled form 9 0 C to 11 0 C before reacting with the compound of formula III.

6. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the said reaction is carried out in an inert atmosphere.

7. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the said reaction is carried out at a temperature of about 10 0 C to 30 0 C.

8. The process for the preparation of substituted propenoic acid esters of general formula 1 as claimed herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings.

herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.

Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.

herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.
herein descriged with foregoing description, examples and drawings. Name & sign of applicant or –patent agent.

The

substituted

invention

is

ABSTRACT

for a cost effective

and safe process for the preparation of

propenoic acid esters of general formula (I) in good yields

CH3

CH3 N
CH3
N

H

H OR O
H
OR
O

Wherein R is C1-C4 alkyl group,

Which comprises reacting an active methylene compound with,

N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.

an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.
an active methylene compound with, N, N-dimethylaminomethoxymethylium methyl sulfate in the presence of a solvent.

Name of Applicant Patent Application No.

Complete Specification

Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1

CH3

CH3 H

H

N OR

N

N OR
N OR
N OR
N OR

OR

CH3

H

O

FIG.-1

(Name & Signature of Applicant/ Patent Agent)

Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (
Total Sheet: 3 Sheet No. : 1 CH3 H N OR CH3 H O FIG.-1 (

Name of Applicant Patent Application No. :

Complete specification

Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2

COOR1Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR2 FIG.2 ( Name

COOR2Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 FIG.2 ( Name

FIG.2

(Name of Applicant/ Patent Agent)

Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (
Application No. : Complete specification Total Sheet :3 Sheet No. : 2 COOR1 COOR2 FIG.2 (

Name of Applicant:

Patent Application No.:

Complete Specification

Total Sheet :3 Sheet No.:3

 

CH3

O

N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3

N

N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3
N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3

OCH3

(-)O

S

OCH3

CH3

(+)

O

H

FIG.3

(Name of Applicant/ Patent Agent)

No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of
No.:3   CH3 O N OCH3 (-)O S OCH3 CH3 (+) O H FIG.3 (Name of

Examination of Patent

Patent

Application

on

method

or

procedure

of

manufacturing substance will be examined only after the request filed to the patent office within 48 months

from the date of patent application or within 12

of patent

amendment act 2002, whichever is later.

months

from

date

of

commencement

date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months
date of patent application or within 12 of patent amendment act 2002, whichever is later. months

Patent Of Addition

A patent application for any improvement or modification of an invention described in complete specification of the main patent application filed.
Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired.
No renewal fees is payable.

 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 
 Patent of addition is valid till the main application exists or do not expired. 

Divisional Patent Application

One patent application disclosing more than one invention of the same concept, then, on request made to the controller, the application is divided or splitted;
The date of application of the divisional application will the date of main patent application.

divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of
divided or splitted;  The date of application of the divisional application will the date of

Exclusive Marketing Rights (EMR)

Patent applications filed in India or in other convention country on or after 1-1-1995, for product patents for invention relating to medicine and drug are not examined till the end of December 2004.
Till that time, such product patents are allowed to make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the article in India.

make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the
make separate applications for exclusive marketing rights to sell or market or distribute or import the

Grant for EMR is for five years until the patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.

EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals.

patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural
patent is granted or rejected whichever is shorter.  EMR is applicable to pharmaceuticals and agricultural

Compulsory License

At any time after the expiration of three years from the date of the sealing of a patent, any person interested may make an application to the controller for grant of compulsory license.
The grounds of this license: non working of invention.
Under Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of patents.

Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of
Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of
Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of
Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of
Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of
Central Government’s declaration, compulsory license should be granted in respect of any patent or class of