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Design of Distillation Col

Short Cut Method


Prof. S. Basu Dept of Chem Eng. IIT Delhi web.iitd.ac.in/~sbasu/

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Column Selection

Step VI

Step VII

LIQUID FUGACITY COEFFICIENT - ESTIMATED FROM EQBM. LIQUID FUGACITY COEFFICIENT -STATE ESTIMATED FROM EQBM. STATE

Fenske

w.r.t.

No of moles of saturated liq. produced per mole of feed on the feed tray

D i/HK

B i/HK

feed T

N=M+P

ay

Multi-Comp. Distillation Design Short-Cut Method Example Problem


A liquid feed of 100 mol/h at the boiling point is fed to distillation column at 405.3 kPa and is to be fractionated so that 95 % of the npentane (B) is recovered in the distillate and 95 % of the n-hexane (C) in the bottoms. The feed composition is as follows: n-butane (XA = 0.40), n-pentane (XB = 0.25), n-hexane (XC = 0.20), n-heptane (XD = 0.15). Calculate the following: 1. Moles per hour and composition of distillate and bottoms 2. Top and bottom temperature of tower 3. Minimum no. of stages for total reflux and distribution of other components in the distillate and bottoms 4. Minimum reflux ratio and number of theoretical stages at R = 1.3 Rm 5. Location of feed tray [K values is supplied]

Com

Rigorous Calculation
Design of Distillation Col Prof. S. Basu IIT Delhi web.iitd.ac.in/~sbasu/

MESH EQUATIONS
M MATERIAL BALANCES E EQUILIBRIUM EQUATION S SUMMATION EQUATION H ENTHALPY OR ENERGY BALANCES

i components - C j no. of stages - N

Methods for solving MESH equations


Boiling point method Sum rate method

M- eqn

Generation of TDM
X

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H eqn.

(Use M- eqn + E / S eqn summed over all stages and comp.)

H eqn and Total Material Balance

V2

Convergence criteria

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