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Power Electronics, Question bank, Unit 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49.

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What is Power Electronics? What is a SCR? Define break over voltage of SCR. Draw the two transistor model of a SCR and mention its applications. Draw the VI characteristics of a SCR and mark important points. What is meant by latching current & holding current? Draw the two transistor analogy of a SCR Mention the various firing circuits for SCR? If the latching current in the circuit is 5mA. Obtain the minimum width of the gating pulse required to properly turn on the SCR What is a Triac? Draw the volt-ampere characteristic of a Triac. Why Triac not popular compared to SCR? .Distinguish between SCR and TRIAC. Draw the construction, equivalent circuit and symbol of Triac. What is power MOSFET? Explain the importance of threshold voltage in gate circuit Draw the circuit model of power MOSFET in active and ohmic region List the driving circuits for power MOSFETS What is the common method used for di / dt protection? Compare the transistor and thyristor 20 What is an IGBT? 21What are the types of IGBT? What are the advantages of IGBTs? List the applications of IGBTs. Why IGBT is very popular now a day? What are the different methods to turn on the thyristor? IGBT is a voltage controlled device. Why? Power MOSFET is a voltage controlled device. Why? Power BJT is a current controlled device. Why? What is the relation between A and ? What are the different types of power MOSFET? How can a thyristor turned off? What is a snubber circuit? What losses occur in a thyristor during working conditions? Define hard-driving or over-driving? Define circuit turn off time? Why circuit turn off time should be greater than the thyristor turn-off time? What is the turn-off time for converter grade SCRs and inverter grade SCRs? What are the advantages of GTO over SCR? What are the factors that influence the reverse recovery current of a power diode? Why MOSFETs are not preferred for low frequency applications? What is reverse recovery time? What is the difference between power diode and signal diode? In triacs which of the mode the sensitivity of gate is high. Define Power electronics. Draw the general system for electric power conversion. Draw the basic power electronic system. Two major desirable characteristics of power semiconductor devices The Ideal Switch- characteristics

Unit 2
1. 2. 3. What is a controlled rectifier? Define delay angle or firing angle. Define the effect of freewheeling diode.

Power Electronics, Question bank, Page 2 of 6 4. Mention application of phase controlled rectifier 5. Mention two functions of freewheeling diode 6. Draw the power circuit diagram of half controlled thyristor rectifier. 7. What is the difference between symmetric and asymmetric semiconductor configuration? 8. Compare continuous and discontinuous conduction 9. Explain about the two quadrant operation? 10. Define form factor and ripple factor 11. Explain the inversion mode of fully controlled bridge rectifier? 12. Define the input power factor 13. Mention the effect of source inductance in converters. 14. Compare single phase converter and three phase converter 15. Express the average output voltage of 3 semi converter 16. Compare half controlled and fully controlled rectifier 17. Why is circulating current mode prepared over non - circulating current mode in dual converter? 18. Draw the variation of output voltage as a function of firing angle. 19. What is meant by phase controlled rectifier? 20. Mention some of the applications of controlled rectifier? 21. What is the function of freewheeling diodes in controlled rectifier? 22. What are the advantages of freewheeling diodes in a controlled in a controlled rectifier? 23. What is meant by delay angle? 24. What are the advantages of single phase bridge converter over single phase mid-point Converter? 25. What is commutation angle or overlap angle? 26. What are the different methods of firing circuits for line commutated converter? 27. Give an expression for average voltage of single phase semiconverters? 28. What is meant by input power factor in controlled rectifier? 29. What are the advantages of six pulse converter? 30. What is meant by commutation? 31. What are the types of commutation? 32. What is meant by natural commutation? 33. What is meant by forced commutation? 34. What is the displacement factor? 35. What is the turns-ratio of a transformer? 36. What is the difference between rectifier and converters? 37. What are the performance parameters of a rectifier? 38. What is the purpose of the form factor of the rectifier? 39. Give the classifications of Single-phase rectifier. 40. Explain the Operation of fully controlled converter in the Inverting Mode 41. Applications of controlled rectifier 42. What are the most important operation modes of the UPS? 43. Applications of boost rectifier applications 44. Applications of Line-commutated Rectifiers

Unit 3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. What is meant by time ratio (duty cycle) of a DC chopper? What is the effect of load inductance on the load current waveforms in the case of DC chopper? What is PWM voltage control of output of a chopper? Differentiate between single quadrant and two quadrant and two quadrant DC chopper. What is the principle of on-off control? What is the principle of step - up DC chopper? What is the function of free wheeling diode in a chopper? Which power electronic circuits is DC equivalent of transformer? What are the applications of DC Chopper? What are the advantages of DC choppers? What are the disadvantages of frequency modulated chopper? What is Time ratio control? Why thyristor are not preferred for inverter and choppers? What is meant by step down and step up chopper? Write down the expression for average output voltage for step down chopper.

Power Electronics, Question bank, 16. What is meant by duty cycle? 17. What are the two types of control strategies? 18. What are the two types of TRC? 19. Compare between linear & switched mode regulator. 20. Write advantages of buck-boost regulator? 21. Write the disadvantages of boost regulator 22. Write the expression of Imax, Imin 23. Write the expression of p.u. ripple current. 24. Write the output voltage expression of step up\step down chopper. 25. Write the output voltage expression of step up chopper. 26. What is meant by dc chopper? 27. What are the applications of dc chopper? 28. What are the applications of dc chopper? 29. What is meant by step-up and step-down chopper? 30. Write down the expression for average output voltage for step down chopper? 31. Write down the expression for average output voltage for step up chopper? 32. What is meant by duty-cycle? 33. What are the two types of control strategies? 34. What is meant by TRC? 35. What are the two types of TRC? 36. What is meant by FM control in a dc chopper? 37. What is meant by PWM control in dc chopper? 38. Write down the expression for the average output voltage for step down and step up chopper? 39. What are the different types of chopper with respect to commutation process? 40. What is meant by voltage commutation? 41. What is meant by current commutation? 42. What is meant by load commutation? 43. What are the advantages of current commutated chopper? 44. What are the advantages of load commutated chopper? 45. What are the disadvantages of load commutated chopper? 46. What is SMPS? 47. What are the functions of dcdc converters? 48. What are the classifications of dc to dc converters? 49. What are the Advantages of PWM Converters? 50. What is the disadvantage of PWM Converters? 51. Applications of DCDC Converters

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Unit 4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. How the output frequency is varied in the case of an inverter? What are the Advantages of PWM inverters? State the necessity of return current diodes in inverter. State one application for series inverter. Mention the advantages of current source inverter over voltage source inverter. How to change the output voltage of a square wave inverter? What is the necessity of isolation between power circuit and control circuit? What are the difference between return current diodes and freewheeling diodes? 10 What are the difference between VSI and CSI? What are the limitations of series inverter? Define harmonic distortion factor? What is the difference between voltage commutation and current commutation. What is the necessity of PWM within an inverter? What are the methods of voltage control in Inverters? What type of Inverter load requires feedback diodes? How is third harmonic eliminated at the output of single-phase bridges inverter? How does a thyristor commutate in series inverters? What is the order of output frequencies of series inverters? What is meant by line commutated inverter?

Power Electronics, Question bank, 20. Mention any one demerit of a current source inverter. 21. How do you select SCR for inverter? 22. What is the function of feedback diodes in bridge inverter? 23. What is the simplest method of eliminating 3rd harmonic in a 3- inverter? 24. List the advantages and disadvantages of transistor inverter over thyristor inverter. 25. State and explain the merits and demerits of CSI over VSI. 26. What is meant by total harmonic distortion (THD)? 27. What is meant by lowest order harmonic (LOH)? 28. What are the various methods of harmonic control? 29. What is meant by inverter? 30. What are the applications of an inverter? 31. What are the main classifications of inverter? 32. Why thyristors are not preferred for inverters? 33. How output frequency is varied in case of a thyristor? 34. Give two advantages of CSI? 35. What is the main drawback of a single phase half bridge inverter? 36. Why diodes should be connected in ant parallel with the thyristors in inverter circuits? 37. What types of inverters require feedback diodes? 38. What is meant a series inverter? 39. What is the condition to be satisfied in the selection of L and C in a series inverter? 40. What is meant a parallel inverter? 41. What are the applications of a series inverter? 42. How is the inverter circuit classified based on commutation circuitry? 43. What is meant by McMurray inverter? 44. What are the applications of a CSI? 45. What is meant by PWM control? 46. What are the advantages of PWM control? 47. What are the disadvantages of the harmonics present in the inverter system? 48. What are the methods of reduction of harmonic content? 49. What are the disadvantages of PWM control? 50. Compare CSI and VSI? 51. What are the advantages of Single-phase and three-phase VSI? 52. Space-vector (SV)-based Modulating Techniques 53. Regeneration and motoring in Inverters 54. Selective Harmonic Elimination in Three-phase CSIs

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Unit 5
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. What is an AC voltage regulator? What are the two types of control normally used in AC voltage controller? What is the difference between on-off control and phase angle control? Why is half wave AC voltage regulator not used? Draw the circuit diagram of single-phase half wave AC voltage controller. Draw the circuit diagram of single phase full wave AC voltage regulator. Which method of commutation is used in AC voltage regulators? Define duty cycle of AC voltage controller. Explain the term sequence control of ac voltage regulators. What are the advantages of sequence control of AC voltage regulators? Name some applications of AC regulator. What is a Cycloconverters? List the applications of cycloconverter. List the advantages of cycloconverters. List the disadvantages of cycloconverters. What are the factors affecting the harmonics in cycloconverters? Why the output frequency of a cycloconverter is significantly lower than the input frequency? What is a matrix converter? What are the advantages of matrix converters? What are the bottlenecks of matrix converters? What are types of control of matrix converters?

Power Electronics, Question bank, Page 5 of 6 22. Differentiate step-down cycloconverter and step-up cycloconverter. 23. Classify Cycloconverters. 24. Draw the circuit diagram of three phases to single phase bridge configuration of cycloconverter. 25. Explain the purpose of IGR in cycloconverter. 26. What is meant by blocked group operation? 27. What does ac voltage controller mean? 28. What are the applications of ac voltage controllers? 29. What are the advantages of ac voltage controllers? 30. What are the disadvantages of ac voltage controllers? 31. What are the two methods of control in ac voltage controllers? 32. What is the difference between ON-OFF control and phase control? 33. What is the advantage of ON-OFF control? 34. What is the disadvantage of ON-OFF control? 35. What is the duty cycle in ON-OFF control method? 36. What is meant by unidirectional or half-wave ac voltage controller? 37. What are the disadvantages of unidirectional or half-wave ac voltage controller? 38. What is meant by bidirectional or half-wave ac voltage controller? 39. What is the control range of firing angle in ac voltage controller with RL load? 40. What type of gating signal is used in single phase ac voltage controller with RL load? 41. What are the disadvantages of continuous gating signal? 42. What is meant by high frequency carrier gating? 43. What is meant by sequence control of ac voltage regulators? 44. What are the advantages of sequence control of ac voltage regulators? 45. What is meant by cyclo-converter? 46. What are the two types of cyclo-converters? 47. What is meant by step-up cyclo-converters? 48. What is meant by step-down cyclo-converters? 49. What are the applications of cyclo-converter? 50. What is meant by positive converter group in a cycloconverter? 51. What is meant by negative converter group in a cycloconverter? 52. Applications of AC Voltage Controllers 53. Applications of Cycloconverter 54. Applications of Matrix Converters 55. Static VAR Generation with Cycloconverter 56. What are the advantages of Matrix converter-fed adjustable speed drives (ASDs)? PART-B (16 MARKS) UNIT-1-POWER SEMI-CONDUCTOR DEVICES 1. Explain in detail about structure, operation and characteristics of SCR? 2. Explain in detail about structure, operation and characteristics of TRIAC? 3. Explain in detail about structure, operation and characteristics of Power Transistor? 4. Explain in detail about structure, operation and characteristics of MOSFET? 5. Explain in detail about structure, operation and characteristics of IGBT? 6. With a neat diagram discuss about driver and snubber circuits for MOSFET? 7. What is turn-on and turn-off characteristics and switching losses of MOSFET? Explain? 8. Explain the transient characteristics of IGBT and explain it? 9. Explain the driver circuit and protection circuits for MOSFET? 10. Describe the various methods of thyristor turn-on? UNIT-II PHASE CONTROLLED CONVERTERS 1. Discuss the operation of single phase half controlled rectifier supplying RL load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage 2. Discuss the operation of single phase full controlled rectifier supplying RL load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage? 3. Discuss the operation of single phase fully controlled rectifier supplying R load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage? 4. Discuss the operation of three phase half controlled rectifier supplying RL load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage? 5. Discuss the operation of three phase fully controlled rectifier supplying R load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage?

Power Electronics, Question bank, Page 6 of 6 6. Discuss the operation of three phase fully controlled rectifier supplying RL load with neat waveforms. Also derive the expression for the average output voltage? 7. Explain about the effect of source inductance, distortion and displacement factor of fully controlled converter? 8. With a neat diagram explain about the AC voltage controllers? 9. A single phase bridge rectifier has a purely resistive load R=10 , the peak supply voltage Vm=170 v, and the supply frequency f=60HZ.Determine the average output voltage of rectifier if the source inductance is negligible? 10. A three phase bridge rectifier is required to supply an average voltage of Vdc=750v at a ripple-free current of Idc=9000A.The primary and secondary of the transformer are connected in Y. Determine the voltage and current ratings of diodes and transformer? UNIT-III DC TO DC CONVERTER 1. Explain in detail about step up and step down choppers? 2. Discuss about time ratio and current limit control? 3. With neat diagram explain the working of buck switching mode regulator? 4. With neat diagram explain the working of boost switching mode regulator? 5. With neat diagram explain the working of buck-boost switching mode regulator? 6. With neat diagram explain the working of cuk switching mode regulator? 7. Explain in detail about resonant switching based SMPS? 8. Describe the working of four quadrant chopper? 9. Explain the working of current commutated chopper with aid of circuit diagram and necessary waveforms. Derive an expression for its output voltage 10. Explain the working of voltage commutated chopper with aid of circuit diagram and necessary waveforms. Derive an expression for its output voltage? UNIT-IV INVERTERS 1. Describe the operation of series inverter with aid of diagrams. Describe an expression for output frequency, current and voltages. What are the disadvantages of Basic series inverter? 2. State different methods of voltage control inverters. Describe about PWM control in Inverter? 3. Explain the operation of 3 bridge inverter for 180 degree mode of operation with aid of relevant phase and line voltage waveforms? 4. Explain the operation of 3 bridge inverter for 120 degree mode of operation with aid 5. Of relevant phase and line voltage waveforms? 6. Draw the circuit diagram of 1 auto sequential commutated current source inverter 7. And explain its operation with equivalent circuits for different modes and necessary Waveforms? 8. Draw the circuit diagram of 1 capacitor commutated current source inverter 9. And explain its operation with equivalent circuits for different modes and necessary 10. Waveforms? 11. The single phase half bridge inverter has resistive load of R=10 ohm and be input Voltage is 220v. Determine RMS output voltage, average value RMS current and output power? 12. The single phase full bridge inverter of resistive load R=2.4ohm and dc input voltage is 48v. 13. Determine RMS output voltage at the fundamental frequency, output power. And the total harmonic distortion? 14. What is PWM? Explain the various techniques involved in it? 15. A three phase inverter is supplied from 600v source. For a star connected resistive load of 15ohm/phase. Find the RMS load current, load power and the thyristor ratings for 120 and 180 degree conduction? UNIT-V AC TO AC CONVERTERS 1. Explain the operation of multistage control of AC voltage controllers with neat 2. Diagram? 3. Explain the operation of 1 AC voltage controller with RL loads? 4. Explain the operation of sequence control of AC voltage controller? 5. Explain the operation of 1 sinusoidal AC voltage controller? 6. Explain the operation of single-phase cycloconverter with neat diagram? 7. Explain the operation of three-phase cycloconverter with neat diagram? 8. Explain the operation of matrix converter with necessary diagram? 9. (A) What are the effects of load inductance on the performance of ac voltage controllers? 10. (B) What are the advantages and disadvantages of bidirectional controllers? 11. The load of an ac voltage controller is resistive with R=1.5ohm. The input voltage is Vs=120v(rms), 60HZ.Plot the PF against the delay angle for single space half-wave and full-wave controllers. 12. For a 1 voltage controller, feedi ng a resistive load, draw the waveforms of source voltage, gating signals, output voltage and voltage across the SCR. Describe the working with reference to waveforms drawn.