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MiCOM P145
Feeder Management Relay

MiCOM P145 feeder management relay provides an integrated solution for the complete protection, control and monitoring of overhead lines and underground cables from distribution to transmission voltage levels. With a wide range of protection functions and relay flexibility, it is suitable for application on varied network requirements from solidly grounded systems to the more specialized petersen coil grounded system requirements. A customizable user interface and programmable graphical scheme logic provides simple and flexible application. The integrated user function keys and tri-color programmable LEDS provide a cost effective solution for full feeder scheme applications. Simply combine the relay with a P891 (trip/close module) and P991(test block) in a frame and a complete 19" rack mounted feeder scheme is engineered. Use the function keys to replace control scheme switches and save on engineering time and wiring costs. With optional High Speed - High Break contacts, the high break performance ensures no burn-out of contacts during normal operation or situations such as breaker failure, or defective CB auxiliary contacts. The need for external electromechanical trip relays can be reduced/removed bytransferring the high rating and durability duties into the MiCOM device thus giving further application and cost benefits. Numerous integrated communication protocols, including IEC 61850, provides interfacing to almost any Substation Automation System or SCADA systems. Development is continuous to ensure compatibility with the latest protocol enhancements. A range of hardware interfaces are available for easy integration into any new or legacy system.

Customer Benefits 1A & 5A in same relay Wide auxiliary supply voltage range Programmable Function Keys Flexible LED indication Option of multiple communication protocol and interfaces, including IEC 61850 High break output contact capability internal to main protection no reliance on auxiliary devices


The MiCOM P145 relay offers integral overcurrent and earth-fault protection as well as numerous protection functions. It is suitable for application on solidly grounded, impedance grounded, Petersen coil grounded and isolated systems.

> Full Scheme Application

The relay is especially suitable where a complete scheme solution is required and comprises function keys for integral scheme control functionality. The application shows the P145 combined with the P891 and P991 to provide a complete feeder scheme solution. The P891 provides relay independent tripping and closing functionality where required. This functionality can also be integrated with the P145 to make use of relay functions such as check synchronising or autoreclosing.

Protection Functions Overview ANSI 50/51/67 50N/51N/67N 67N 67W YN 64 SenRefPDIF IEC 61850 OcpPTOC /RDIR EfdPTOC /EfmPTOC SenEftPTOC SenEftPTOC FEATURE Directional / non-directional, instantaneous / time delayed phase overcurrent (4 stage) Directional / non-directional, instantaneous / time delayed, measured earth fault (4 stage) Sensitive directional earthfault (SEF/ I Cos , I Sin ) Wattmetric earthfault Neutral admittance protection Restricted earthfault Blocked overcurrent Selective overcurrent Cold load pick-up 51V 46 49 37P / 37N 27 59 59N 47 81U 81O 81R BC 50BF VTS CTS 49SR 79 25 RREC RSYN FnkGGIO LedGGIO OptGGIO RlyGGIO RBRF VtpPhsPTUV VtpPhsPTOV VtpResPTOV NgvPTOV PTUF PTOF PFRC NgcPTOC ThmPTTR Voltage controlled overcurrent Directional / non-directional negative sequence overcurrent (4 stage) RMS thermal overload (single / dual time constant) Phase and neutral undercurrent Under voltage (2 stage) Over voltage (2 stage) Residual over voltage (Neutral displacement) (2 stage) Negative sequence overvoltage Under frequency (4 stage) Over frequency (2 stage) Rate of Change of Frequency Protection (4 stage) Broken conductor (open jumper) Circuit breaker failure (1/3 pole initiation) Voltage transformer supervision (1, 2 & 3 phase fuse failure detection) Current transformer supervision Silicon rectifier overload protection 4 shot three pole auto reclose Check synchronising (2 stage) + System Split Function Keys Programmable LEDs (tri-color) Digital inputs (maximum) * Output relays (maximum) (Hi Break-Hi Speed options) * Front communication port (RS232) Rear communication port (Kbus/RS485) Rear communication port (RS485/Optic/Ethernet) Second rear communication port (RS232/RS485) Time synchronisation port (IRIG B modulated/un-modulated) * Please note that there is a maximum on the I/O combination P145

10 18 32 32

Option Option Option


In addition to the wide range of protection functions listed in the table, the P145 has the following integral measurement, control, monitoring, post fault analysis and self-diagnostic functions.

+ Close T 2 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 P991 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 SEF Shorting Bars N C B A Trip P145

+ Trip 52A 52B P891

> Measurement of all instantaneous &

integrated values

Va Vb Vc
Close PB Input CB Closed



2 2 2 1 + Trip 1 8 8 8 9 8 9

> Circuit breaker control, status &

condition monitoring.

> > > > > > >

Trip circuit and coil supervision 4 alternative setting groups Programmable Function Keys Control inputs Fault locator Programmable scheme logic Programmable allocation of digital inputs and outputs

Trip PB

Input CB Open

> Sequence of event recording > Comprehensive disturbance recording

(waveform capture)

Typical P145 Scheme application

> User configurable LEDs (tri-color) > Local and remote communication ports > Multiple communication protocol and
interface options

> > > >

Time synchronisation Fully customizable menu texts Multi level password protection Power-up diagnostics and continuous self-monitoring of relay.


IEC 61850

2nd Remote comm. port

Remote comm. port Self monitoring

Local Communication

Fault records Measurements

Disturbance Record

Vref I V IE sen


50N/ 51N

67/ 67N

67N/67W /64




37P/ 37N




27/ 59


81U/81O /81R








Function Keys

Binary Input / output

always available optional

Feeder management P145

(Description of ANSI code nos. see Function Overview)

Reduce engineering and wiring costs with this single box feeder management relay

Protection functions are autonomous and can be individually configured or disabled to suit a particular application.

A voltage controlled overcurrent function can be enabled on the first two stages of the main phase overcurrent elements. Voltage controlled overcurrent provides back-up protection for remote phase faults whilst remaining insensitive to load. The directionality of the ground fault elements is provided by either residual voltage or negative sequence voltage polarising.

IEC/UK curves TMS = 1

1000 100

IEEE/US curves TD = 7

> Negative Sequence Overcurrent

Four independent stages are available and each stage may be selected as non-directional or directional (forward/reverse). All stages have definite time delayed characteristics and two of the stages may also be independently set to IDMT tripping characteristic. Directionality is achieved with negative sequence voltage polarising.
IEEE MI IEEE VI US CO2 US CO8 IEEE EI 1 10 Current (Multiples of Is) 100

100 Operating time (s) 10 Operating time (s) UK LTI IEC SI 1 RECT IEC VI IEC EI 0.1 1 10 Current (Multiples of Is) 100 0.1 1


> Sensitive Earth Fault

A separate four stage sensitive ground fault element is provided and is selected as non-directional or directional.(forward or reverse). Directionality of the element is provided by the residual voltage polarising. As an alternative, a directional I cos characteristic can be used for Petersen coil ground fault protection using the sensitive ground fault input. A directional I sin characteristic is also available for protection of insulated systems.

Choice of IDMT characteristics

> Phase Overcurrent

Four independent stages are available for each phase overcurrent element and the two ground fault elements. The first ground-fault element operates from measured quantities and the second element operates from derived quantities calculated from the three phase currents. Each stage may be selected as non-directional or directional (forward/reverse). All stages have definite time delayed characteristics and two of the stages may also be independently set to IDMT tripping characteristic. The IDMT stages have a programmable reset timer for grading electro-mechanical, to reduce autoreclose dead times and to reduce clearance times where intermittent faults occur.

> Neutral Admittance Protection

Three single stage elements are provided for nondirectional over-admittance, non-directional/directional over-conductance and non-directional/directional oversusceptance.

> Restricted Earth Fault

Restricted earth fault protection is provided for protection of transformer winding against ground faults and may be configured as either high impedance or low impedance biased differential.


Operate K2 Restrain

K1 0% to 20% K2 0% to 150%

REF biased differential characteristics

I s1 I s2

0.08 to 1. 0I n 0.10 to 1. 5I n

I s1


I s2



Use MICOM P145 for rapid and selective clearance of system faults.

> RMS Thermal Overload

Thermal overload protection provides both alarm and trip stages. The thermal element may be set with either a single time constant characteristic for the protection of cables or dry transformers, or a dual time constant characteristic to protect oil filled transformers. In the event of loss of auxiliary supply, the thermal state is stored in non-volatile memory.

> Check Synchronism

An adaptive two stage check synchronism function is available for use in conjunction with automatic or manual (re)closure. This function also provides advanced signal indication of system conditions and can for example be used in situations where slip frequency and phase angle for synchro check changes under certain system conditions.

> Under/Overvoltage
Under/overvoltage protection may be configured to operate from either phase-phase or phase-neutral quantities. Two independent stages with definite time elements are available and one of the stages can also be configured as an inverse characteristic.

> Circuit Breaker Failure Protection

Two stage circuit breaker failure protection may be used for tripping upstream circuit breakers and retripping of the local circuit breaker if required. The circuit breaker failure logic may also be initiated from a single pole condition from external devices if required.

> Residual Overvoltage

Residual overvoltage protection is available for detecting ground faults in high impedance grounded or isolated systems. The neutral voltage is derived from the three phase voltage inputs. Two independent measuring elements with definite time characteristics are available, one of the elements can also be configured to have an inverse characteristic. Negative sequence overvoltage protection provides either a tripping or an interlocking function, upon detection of unbalanced supply voltages

> Voltage Transformer Supervision

Voltage transformer supervision is provided to detect loss of one, two or three VT signals, providing indication and inhibition of voltage dependent protection elements. An optically isolated input may also be configured to initiate the voltage transformer supervision alarm and blocking when used with MCBs or other external forms of voltage transformer supervision.

> Current Transformer Supervision

Current transformer supervision is provided to detect loss of phase CT signals and inhibit the operation of current dependent protection elements.

> Under/Over Frequency

Two independent definite time stages of over frequency and four of under frequency are provided. A time delayed rate of change of frequency element is provided and can be used to accelerate load shedding during severe system disturbances.

> Autoreclose
The P145 provide three-pole multi-shot autoreclosing. The user may select a single, two, three or four shot autoreclose cycle, with independently settable dead times and reclaim time. Autoreclose can be initiated from the internal protection elements or from external protection via an opto input. Advanced features include live line working and sequence co-ordination.

0 Check Sync Stage 1 Limits V BUS Live Volts

Check Sync Stage 2 Limits

Nominal Volts

Rotating Vector

V LINE Dead Volts

Adaptive Check Sync functionality

180 System Split Limits


> Programmable Scheme Logic
Programmable scheme logic allows the user to customize the protection and control functions. It is also used to programme the functionality of the optically isolated inputs, relay outputs and LED indications. The programmable scheme logic comprises of gate logic and general purpose timers. The gate logic includes OR, AND and majority gate functions, with the ability to invert the inputs and outputs, and provide feedback. The programmable scheme logic is configured using the graphical MiCOM S1 PC based support software.

> Circuit Breaker Control

Circuit breaker control is available from the front panel user interface, optically isolated inputs and remotely via the substation communications. Blocking of Circuit breaker control can also be done via the function keys when programmed in PSL.

> Indication
Eighteen tri -color LEDs are available for user programming. The LED colors (red, green or yellow) are driven via digital databus signals in PSL and can be programmed to indicate up to four conditions/states for example. Off- Not in service, Red- CB closed, Green-CB open, Yellow-CB not healthy

> Function Keys

Ten function keys are available for implementing scheme control functionality. The function keys operate in two modes, normal and toggled, and activate associated signals in PSL that can easily be used to customize the application. The following examples illustrate how scheme functionality can easily be implemented for use with the function keys. Remote CB control enable/disable Auto-reclose enable/disable Sensitive earth fault enable/disable Auto-reclose lockout reset

Each function key has an associated tri-color LED (red, green, yellow) allowing for clear indication of the associated function's state.

Programmable scheme logic editor (MiCOM S1) indicating function key application.


Supervision of the trip circuit in both circuit breaker open and closed states can be realised using the optically isolated inputs and programmable scheme logic.

Two communication ports are available as standard; a rear port providing remote communications and a front port providing local communications. The front RS232 port has been designed for use with MiCOM S1, which fully supports functions within the relay by providing the ability to programme the settings off-line, configure the programmable scheme logic, extract and view event, disturbance and fault records, view the measurement information dynamically and perform control functions. The default remote communications are based on RS485 voltage levels. Any of the protocols listed below can be chosen at the time of ordering.


An alarm will be generated if there is a discrepancy between the open and closed auxiliary contacts of the circuit breaker.


The broken conductor protection detects unbalanced conditions caused by broken conductors, maloperation of single phase of switchgear or by single phasing conditions. It operates on the ratio of I2 to I1.

> > > > >

Courier / K-bus (optic interface also available) Modbus (optic interface also available) IEC60870-5-103 (optic interface also available) DNP 3.0 (optic interface also available) IEC 61850 (over 100 Mbit/s fiber/copper Ethernet)


The circuit breaker condition monitoring features include: Monitoring the number of breaker trip operations Recording the sum of the broken current quantity IX, 1.0 x 2.0 Monitoring the breaker operating time Fault frequency counter IEC 61850 is available when the optional Ethernet port is ordered. IEC 61850 offers high-speed data exchange, peer-to-peer communication, reporting, disturbance record extraction and time synchronization. An optional second rear courier communications port is available which may be configured as RS232, RS485 or K-Bus.

SCADA Interface

Master Clock (GPS)

Modem (remote access) IRIG-B port SCADA Interface P145

EAI232 (local access) Px30 Px20 Px20

Mx20 Px30

Integration of P145 into a substation control system

P145 provides up-to-date versatile communication options.


>> KCEG 140 - First numerical feeder relay launched in 1990

and over 20000 units sold.

>> MODN launched in 1998 and over 2000 sold units. >> P14x MiCOM series introduced in 1999.

Worldwide application, with over 10000 units delivered.

>> Introduction of phase II hardware of MiCOM P14x in 2002. >> Addition of UCA2 protocol and ethernet port in 2004 >> Addtion of IEC 61850 protocol in 2006

AREVA T&D Worldwide Contact Centre: Tel.: +44 (0) 1785 250 070

Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for information purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in it. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.

AUTOMATION-L3-P145-BR-07.06-1421-GB - - AREVA - 2006. AREVA, the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA. MiCOM is a registered trademark of AREVA. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. - 389191982 RCS PARIS - Printed in France - SONOVISION-ITEP