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Lessons of management From


Submitted by: MRINAL GAUTAM IMBA, 4TH sem.


Introduction Management Guidelines from the Bhagwath Gita Management lessons from Bhagwath Gita Utilisation of Available Resources Attitudes towards work Work commitment and efficiency Development of Human Resource Motivation Taking responsibility Leadership Leadership by example Chaos and emerging leadership

Management Shlokas from Bhagwath Gita

Introduction: Gita and management

Management is not a new concept. It has been into existence from ancient times, from how we managed to establish our human civilization to winning of the world war, and further continuing today. Management has become a part and parcel of everyday life, be it at home, in the office or factory and in Government. In all organizations, where a group of human beings assemble for a common purpose, management principles come into play through the management of resources, finance and planning, priorities, policies and practice. Management is a systematic way of carrying out activities in any field of human effort. Management is the art of getting things done through others by the process of planning, leading, directing & controlling with effective and efficient utilization of resources. It is the act of managing. The Holy Gita is the essence of the Vedas, Upanishads. It is a universal scripture applicable to people of all temperaments and for all times. It is a book with sublime thoughts and practical instructions on Yoga, Devotion, Vedanta and Action. It is profound in thought and sublime in heights of vision. It brings peace and solace to souls that are afflicted by the three fires of mortal existence, namely, afflictions caused by ones own body (disease etc.), those caused by beings around one (e.g. wild animals, snakes etc.), and those caused by the gods (natural disasters, earth-quakes, floods etc.). One of the greatest contributions of India to the world is Holy Gita which is considered to be the first revelations from God. The management lessons in this holy book were brought in to light of the world by divine Maharshi Mahesh Yogi and the spiritual philosophy by Sr. Srila

Prabhupada Swami and humanism by Sai Baba. Maharishi calls the Bhagavad-Gita the essence of Vedic Literature and a complete guide to practical life. It provides all that is needed to raise the consciousness of man to the highest possible level. Maharishi reveals the deep, universal truths of life that speak to the needs and aspirations of everyone. To motivate him the Bhagavad Gita is preached in the battle field of Kurukshetra by Lord Krishna to Arjuna as a counselling to do his duty while multitudes of men stood by waiting. It has got all the management tactics to achieve the mental equilibrium and to overcome any crisis situation. The Bhagavad Gita can be experienced as a powerful catalyst for transformation. Bhagavad gita means song of the Spirit, song of the Lord. The Holy Gita has become a secret driving force behind the enfoldment of one's life. In the days of doubt this divine book will support all spiritual searches. This divine book will contribute to self-reflection, finer feeling and deepen one's inner process. Then life in the world can become a real education dynamic, full and joyfulno matter what the circumstance. May the wisdom of loving consciousness ever guide us on our journey. What makes the Holy Gita a practical psychology of transformation is that it offers us the tools to connect with our deepest intangible essence and we must learn to participate in the battle of life with right knowledge.

Management Guidelines from the Bhagwath Gita:

There is an important distinction between effectiveness and efficiency in managing. Effectiveness is doing the right things and Efficiency is doing things right. The general principles of effective management can be applied in every fields the differences being mainly in the application than in principles. Again, effective management is not limited in its application only to business or industrial enterprises but to all organisations where the aim is to reach a given goal through a Chief Executive or a Manager with the help of a group of workers. The Manager's functions can be briefly summed up as under: Forming a vision and planning the strategy to realise such vision. Cultivating the art of leadership. Establishing the institutional excellence and building an innovative organisation. Development of human resource. Team building and teamwork. Delegation, motivation, and communication and, Reviewing performance and taking corrective steps whenever called for.

Thus Management is a process in search of excellence to align people and get them committed to work for a common goal to the maximum social benefit. The critical question in every Manager's mind is how to be effective in his job. The answer to this fundamental question is found in the Bhagavad Gita. The modern management concepts like vision, leadership, motivation, excellence in work, achieving goals, meaning of work, attitude towards work, nature of individual, decision making, planning etc., are all discussed in the Bhagavad Gita with a sharp insight analysis. It may be noted that while Western design on management deals with the problems at superficial, material, external and peripheral levels, the ideas contained in the Bhagavad Gita tackle the issues from the grass roots level of human thinking because once the basic thinking of man is improved it will automatically enhance the quality of his actions and their results.

Management lessons from Bhagwath Gita:

Utilisation of Available Resources The first lesson in the management science is to choose wisely and utilise optimally the scarce resources if one has to succeed in his venture. Before the Mahabharata War, Duryodhana chose Sri Krishna's large army for his help while Arjuna selected Sri Krishna's wisdom for his support. This episode gives us a clue as to who is an Effective Manager.

Attitudes towards work Develop the Visionary Perspective in the work we do and develop a Sense of larger Vision in Ones Work for the Common Good Three stone-cutters were engaged in erecting a temple. An HRD Consultant asked them what they were doing. The response of the three workers to this innocent-looking question is illuminating. 'I am a poor man. I have to maintain my family. I am making a living here,' said the first stone-cutter with a dejected face.

'Well, I work because I want to show that I am the best stone-cutter in the country,' said the second one with a sense of pride. 'Oh, I want to build the most beautiful temple in the country,' said the third one with a visionary gleam. Their jobs were identical but their perspectives were different. What the Gita tells us is to develop the visionary perspective in the work we do. It tells us to develop a sense of larger vision in our work for the common good.

Work commitment and efficiency A popular verse of the Gita advises detachment from the fruits or results of actions performed in the course of one's duty. Being dedicated work has to mean working for the sake of work, generating excellence for its own sake. If we are always calculating the date of promotion or the rate of commission before putting in our efforts, then such work is not detached. It is not generating excellence for its own sake but working only for the extrinsic reward that may (or may not) result. Working only with an eye to the anticipated benefits, means that the quality of performance of the current job or duty suffers - through mental agitation of anxiety for the future. In fact, the way the world works means that events do not always respond positively to our mental agitation of anxiety for the future. In fact, the way the world works means that events do not always respond positively to our calculations and hence expected fruits may not always be forthcoming. So, the Gita tells us not to mortgage present commitment to an uncertain future.

Development of Human Resource DAIVI WORK CULTURE Fearlessness, Purity, Self-Control Straightforwardness, Self-Denial Absence of Fault-finding, Absence of Greed, Gentleness Modesty, Absence of Envy and Pride

ASURI WORK CULTURE Egoism, Delusion, Desire-centric Improper Performance

Motivation Desire to Act For Satisfaction

Strong Motivation Intense and Stable desire to act Self-Driven Not influenced by External conditions

Motivation self and self-transcendence It has been presumed for many years that satisfying lower order needs of workers - adequate food, clothing and shelter, etc. are key factors in motivation. However, it is a common experience that the dissatisfaction of the clerk and of the Director is identical - only their scales and composition vary. It should be true that once the lower-order needs are more than satisfied, the Director should have little problem in optimising his contribution to the organisation and society. But more often than not, it does not happen like that. (The eagle soars high but keeps its eyes firmly fixed on the dead animal below.) On the contrary, a lowly paid schoolteacher, or a self-employed artisan, may well demonstrate higher levels of self-actualisation despite poorer satisfaction of their lower-order needs.

Taking responsibility We are responsible for our actions and we need to raise ourselves by our own efforts. Outside help should not be depended upon Blaming others and the environment for our failures is something which needs to be shunned by us. Errors and mistakes made are stepping stones to success and one needs to strive to perform without worrying about failure.


-----SRI KRISHNA Self-ExcellenceBhagavadh Gita talks about the meaning of life and its purpose. Its talks about the what a human being finally attains self- realization, and how Karma plays an important role in shaping up our lives Leader Must Also Be AVisionary Realising the vision Seeking the wave forward

Leadership by example YADYADAA CHARATI SHRESHTAH TATTADEVAITARO JANAH SAHYAT PRAMAANAM KURUTE LOKASTADANU VARTATE. How behaves the best of men so behave the rest of men His example, they will show Saying He did so! We do so! People follow the example of the best leaders. The behaviour, conduct and practice of the leaders influence the behaviour of people. Therefore people at leadership have great responsibility and duty to behave in the best manner. They have to set examples and standards, so that the members of their team are inspired in the right direction. Thus inspired they will take the path of the best conduct and achievement and will become responsible leaders in their own right. A good leader assists the development of more good leaders. On the other hand, when people in leading positions behave in unfit or improper manner the people observing them will take up their incorrect practices and also openly express that they are just following the examples set by the leader. So the leaders have to do their best to receive the same. Excellence begets more excellence. LEADERSHIP IS SHOWING THE WAY BY ONE'S OWN EXAMPLE.


Whenever wherever the right is harmed Whenever whereever the wrong has formed When wrong is up and right is down Then, Bharata! I come on my own. When right is down and wrong is up, it is chaos. During chaos, order is destroyed and disorder is on the rise and rise. During chaos a responsible leader emerges on his own initiative. During chaos nobody delegates but one person takes up total responsibility to remove the wrong and re-establish right. This, he does on his own initiative. Thus during chaos an emerging leader is self-created. Once responsible leadership emerges all the positive forces will rally round it and gain strength rapidly. Initiative is the key in chaos. IN CHAOS A LEADER EMERGES THROUGH TAKING RESPONSIBILITY