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Energy
Energy prices
Table 1: Half-yearly electricity and gas prices, second half of year, 2009-2011
(EUR per kWh)

EU-27
Euro area (5)
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom
Norway
Montenegro
Croatia
FYR of Macedonia
Turkey

Electricity prices
Gas prices
Households (1)
Industry (2)
Households (3)
Industry (4)
2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009
0.164 0.173 0.184 0.103 0.105 0.112 0.053 0.057 0.064 0.030
0.173 0.182 0.193 0.106 0.109 0.118 0.058 0.064 0.071 0.032
0.186 0.197 0.212 0.108 0.105 0.115 0.052 0.060 0.073 0.031
0.082 0.083 0.087 0.064 0.066 0.067 0.035 0.043 0.047 0.021
0.139 0.139 0.147 0.112 0.108 0.108 0.047 0.052 0.060 0.027
0.255 0.271 0.298 0.093 0.096 0.093 0.096 0.108 0.109 0.049
0.229 0.244 0.253 0.113 0.119 0.124 0.059 0.057 0.064 0.035
0.092 0.100 0.104 0.065 0.073 0.075 0.036 0.040 0.044 0.023
0.186 0.188 0.209 0.118 0.113 0.129 0.055 0.053 0.062 0.026
0.103 0.121 0.124 0.094 0.103 0.111
:
:
:
:
0.168 0.185 0.209 0.112 0.109 0.116 0.054 0.054 0.054 0.027
0.121 0.135 0.142 0.065 0.072 0.081 0.058 0.058 0.065 0.032
0.200 0.192 0.207 0.137 0.144 0.167 0.053 0.079 0.088 0.028
0.164 0.202 0.241 0.149 0.173 0.211
0.105 0.105 0.134 0.089 0.091 0.110 0.038 0.041 0.046 0.028
0.093 0.122 0.122 0.079 0.105 0.104 0.041 0.045 0.054 0.027
0.188 0.175 0.166 0.116 0.102 0.100 0.046 0.047 0.058 0.036
0.166 0.157 0.155 0.130 0.105 0.100 0.048 0.055 0.057 0.036
0.151 0.170 0.170 0.129 0.180 0.180
0.184 0.170 0.184 0.111 0.103 0.094 0.067 0.071 0.074 0.037
0.191 0.193 0.197
:
:
: 0.062 0.060 0.072
:
0.129 0.138 0.135 0.093 0.099 0.094 0.046 0.051 0.050 0.030
0.159 0.167 0.188 0.094 0.092 0.101 0.060 0.063 0.074 0.026
0.098 0.105 0.109 0.083 0.081 0.080 0.027 0.028 0.028 0.021
0.134 0.143 0.149 0.096 0.101 0.096 0.054 0.067 0.079 0.035
0.156 0.164 0.171 0.140 0.120 0.126 0.048 0.045 0.051 0.032
0.129 0.137 0.137 0.068 0.068 0.075
:
:
: 0.029
0.165 0.196 0.204 0.069 0.084 0.083 0.094 0.106 0.117 0.045
0.141 0.145 0.158 0.101 0.100 0.104 0.043 0.042 0.052 0.022
0.156 0.191 0.187 0.080 0.094 0.091
:
:
:
:
:
: 0.085
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.116 0.115 0.115 0.090 0.090 0.089 0.033 0.038 0.037 0.027
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.118 0.137 0.115 0.079 0.092 0.076 0.031 0.034 0.029 0.023

(1) Annual consumption: 2 500 kWh < consumption < 5 000 kWh.
(2) Annual consumption: 500 MWh < consumption < 2 000 MWh; excluding VAT
(3) Annual consumption: 5 600 kWh < consumption < 56 000 kWh (between 20 and 200 GJ).
(4) Annual consumption: 2 778 MWh < consumption < 27 778 MWh (between 10 000 and 100 000 GJ); excluding VAT.
(5) EA-16, 2009 and 2010.
Source: Eurostat (online data codes: nrg_pc_204, nrg_pc_205, nrg_pc_202 and nrg_pc_203)

Bookmarks:
http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052780_QID_-47C28E6E_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;PROD
http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052782_QID_304A7573_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;PRODU

http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052776_QID_2C9F7659_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;PRODU
http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052778_QID_3E35EE8_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;PRODU

Gas prices
Industry (4)
2010 2011
0.034 0.038
0.036 0.040
0.030 0.033
0.030 0.032
0.036 0.035
0.063 0.065
0.044 0.050
0.028 0.031
0.032 0.040
:
:
0.029 0.033
0.035 0.038
0.030 0.035
0.032 0.033
0.034 0.043
0.042 0.050
0.036 0.044
0.033 0.034
:
:
0.033 0.032
0.033 0.038
0.022 0.025
0.043 0.052
0.037 0.041
0.033 0.046
0.048 0.056
0.023 0.028
:
:
:
:
0.039 0.043
: 0.046
0.025 0.021

0 GJ); excluding VAT.

STOP

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&rankName8=GEO_1_2_0_1&pprRK=FIRST&pprSO=PROTOCOL&ppcRK=FIRST&ppcSO=ASC&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=tru
&rankName8=GEO_1_2_0_1&pprRK=FIRST&pprSO=PROTOCOL&ppcRK=FIRST&ppcSO=ASC&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=tru

cSO=ASC&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rLShi=32:33,33:32&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=ROLLING&
h=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=ROLLING&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23.%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23

Ch=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=ROLLING&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23.%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23
Ch=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=ROLLING&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23.%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23

ai=false&time_mode=ROLLING&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23.%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23
3%2C%23%23%23

23%2C%23%23%23
23%2C%23%23%23

EU-27 (2)
Euro area (2)
Denmark
Germany
Cyprus
Belgium
Spain
Ireland
Italy
Sweden
Austria
Portugal
Netherlands
Slovakia
Malta
Luxembourg
United Kingdom
Finland
Hungary
Slovenia
Czech Republic
France
Poland
Latvia
Greece
Lithuania
Romania
Estonia
Bulgaria
Norway
Croatia
Turkey
Montenegro
(1) Annual consumption: 2 500 kWh < consumption < 5 000 kWh.
(2) Provisional.

Energy
Energy prices
Table 2: Composition of electricity prices for household consumers, second half 2011 (1)
(EUR per kWh)

EU-27
Euro area
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom
Norway
Croatia
Turkey

Total
price
0.184
0.193
0.212
0.087
0.147
0.298
0.253
0.104
0.209
0.124
0.209
0.142
0.208
0.241
0.134
0.122
0.166
0.155
0.170
0.184
0.197
0.135
0.188
0.109
0.149
0.171
0.137
0.204
0.158
0.187
0.115
0.115

Energy and
supply
:
:
0.076
0.042
0.046
0.068
0.081
0.032
0.115
0.073
0.093
:
0.099
0.167
0.054
0.049
0.071
:
0.140
0.078
0.080
0.057
0.063
0.032
0.061
0.065
0.058
0.064
0.117
0.054
0.055
0.063

Network
costs
:
:
0.084
0.030
0.075
0.064
0.059
0.045
0.060
0.028
0.076
:
0.044
0.036
0.056
0.052
0.072
:
0.022
0.056
0.064
0.048
0.044
0.050
0.054
0.074
0.045
0.070
0.033
0.082
0.038
0.029

(1) Annual consumption: 2 500 kWh < consumption < 5 000 kWh; data are currently unavailable online.
Source: Eurostat

Non-recoverable
taxes and levies
:
:
0.052
0.015
0.026
0.166
0.114
0.028
0.033
0.024
0.041
:
0.066
0.038
0.024
0.021
0.023
:
0.009
0.050
0.052
0.030
0.081
0.026
0.034
0.032
0.034
0.071
0.008
0.052
0.022
0.023

STOP

Malta
Cyprus
United Kingdom
Greece
Italy (2)
Ireland
Portugal
Bulgaria
Netherlands
Germany
Finland
Austria
Spain
Poland
Slovenia
Denmark
Luxembourg (2)
Latvia
Lithuania
Sweden
Belgium
Slovakia
Estonia
Romania
Czech Republic
Turkey
Croatia
Norway
(1) Annual consumption: 2 500 kWh < consumption < 5 000 kWh; France and Hungary,
not available; data are currently unavailable online.
(2) Provisional.

EU-27
Euro area
Cyprus
Malta
Italy
Ireland
Slovakia
Germany
Spain
Belgium
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
United Kingdom
Lithuania
Portugal
Luxembourg
Hungary
Slovenia
Poland
Netherlands
Denmark
Sweden
France
Romania
Estonia
Finland
Bulgaria
Norway
Croatia
Turkey
(1) Annual consumption: 500 MWh < consumption < 2 000 MWh; excluding VAT; Austria, not available.
(2) Provisional.

Energy
Energy prices
Table 3: Composition of electricity prices for industrial consumers, second half 2011 (1)
(EUR per kWh)

EU-27
Euro area
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom
Norway
Croatia
Turkey

Total
price
0.112
0.118
0.115
0.067
0.108
0.093
0.124
0.075
0.129
0.111
0.116
0.081
0.167
0.211
0.110
0.104
0.100
0.100
0.180
0.094
:
0.094
0.101
0.080
0.096
0.126
0.075
0.083
0.104
0.091
0.089
0.076

Energy and
supply
:
:
0.068
0.051
0.071
0.046
0.066
0.032
0.091
0.081
0.077
:
0.098
0.179
0.067
0.049
0.071
:
0.158
0.063
:
0.060
0.059
0.052
0.067
0.060
0.050
0.055
0.074
0.042
0.053
0.060

Network
costs
:
:
0.033
0.015
0.036
0.035
0.024
0.033
0.035
0.017
0.033
:
0.024
0.025
0.043
0.054
0.025
:
0.022
0.020
:
0.030
0.031
0.028
0.022
0.062
0.018
0.027
0.026
0.034
0.036
0.013

(1) Annual consumption: 500 MWh < consumption < 2 000 MWh; excluding VAT; data are currently unavailable online.
Source: Eurostat

Non-recoverable
taxes and levies
:
:
0.013
0.001
0.001
0.012
0.034
0.010
0.003
0.013
0.006
:
0.046
0.007
0.000
0.000
0.004
:
0.000
0.011
:
0.005
0.012
0.000
0.008
0.004
0.007
0.001
0.005
0.014
0.001
0.002

e currently unavailable online.


STOP

Malta
Cyprus
Greece
Italy (2)
Bulgaria
Netherlands
Slovenia
United Kingdom
Luxembourg (2)
Finland
Germany
Ireland
Spain
Belgium
Poland
Sweden
Czech Republic
Portugal
Romania
Latvia
Denmark
Slovakia
Estonia
Lithuania
Turkey (2)
Croatia
Norway
(1) Annual consumption: 500 MWh < consumption < 2 000 MWh; excluding VAT;
France, Hungary and Austria, not available; data are currently unavailable online.
(2) Provisional.

Netherlands
Portugal
Belgium
Austria
France
Germany
Ireland
Czech Republic
Luxembourg
Hungary
Spain
Lithuania
United Kingdom
Slovakia
Poland
Bulgaria

START

Bookmark:
http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052776_QID_-5DE37F15_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;TAX,L,X,1;GEO,L

Luxembourg
Finland
Hungary
Lithuania
Slovakia
Ireland
Portugal
France
Italy
Czech Republic
Netherlands
Latvia
Belgium
Spain
Bulgaria
Poland

START

Bookmark:
http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-052778_QID_-2A736769_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;TAX,L,X,1;GEO,L,

Energy
Energy prices
Figure 7: Consumer prices of petroleum products, EU-27, 2005-2012 (1)
(EUR per litre)

Euro-super 95
Automotive gas oil
LPG motor fuel
START

S1-2005
1.18
1.05
0.48

S2-2005
1.18
1.05
0.58

S1-2006
1.28
1.11
0.53

S2-2006
1.17
1.05
0.57

S1-2007
1.32
1.11
0.56

S2-2007
1.31
1.22
0.64

S1-2008
1.46
1.44
0.64

S2-2008
1.02
1.00
0.54

(1) Weighted average; inclusive of taxes and duties; reference periods refer to the end of each semester.
Source: Oil bulletin, Directorate-General for Energy, European Commission

1.75
1.50
1.25
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.25
0.00
S12005

S22005

S12006

S22006

S12007

S22007

S12008

S22008

S12009

S22009

Euro-super 95
Automotive gas oil
LPG motor fuel

S12010

S22010

S12011

S22011

S12012

S22012

S1-2009
1.22
1.04
0.48

STOP

S22012

S2-2009
1.20
1.05
0.54

S1-2010
1.37
1.21
0.58

S2-2010
1.41
1.26
0.69

S1-2011
1.47
1.35
0.67

S2-2011
1.50
1.43
0.68

S1-2012
1.56
1.42
0.70

S2-2012
1.56
1.46
0.76

Energy
Energy prices
Table 4: Consumer prices of petroleum products, end of second half 2012 (1)
(EUR per litre)

EU-27 (1)
Euro area (1)
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

Euro-super 95
Without taxes
At-theand duties
pump price
0.67
1.56
0.68
1.58
0.67
1.56
0.69
1.27
0.65
1.39
0.73
1.64
0.66
1.56
0.66
1.30
0.74
1.66
0.68
1.68
0.67
1.37
0.66
1.50
0.71
1.75
0.72
1.27
0.71
1.38
0.70
1.37
0.68
1.32
0.68
1.41
0.80
1.50
0.69
1.73
0.64
1.39
0.68
1.33
0.69
1.57
0.66
1.25
0.65
1.48
0.68
1.50
0.69
1.61
0.66
1.63
0.64
1.63

Automotive gas oil


Without taxes
At-theand duties
pump price
0.74
1.46
0.74
1.43
0.73
1.40
0.75
1.29
0.75
1.42
0.76
1.44
0.72
1.41
0.73
1.35
0.78
1.58
0.81
1.42
0.74
1.34
0.71
1.35
0.79
1.70
0.81
1.34
0.77
1.37
0.78
1.31
0.72
1.22
0.75
1.46
0.79
1.38
0.76
1.45
0.72
1.38
0.75
1.35
0.78
1.41
0.77
1.33
0.72
1.39
0.79
1.43
0.79
1.54
0.76
1.62
0.72
1.73

(1) Weighted average.


Source: Oil bulletin, Directorate-General for Energy, European Commission

LPG motor fuel


Without taxes
and duties
0.51
0.58
0.61
0.50
0.52
:
0.58
0.56
:
:
0.59
0.68
0.58
:
0.38
0.41
0.57
0.60
:
0.58
:
0.43
0.60
0.48
0.61
0.52
:
:
:

LPG motor fuel


At-thepump price
0.76
0.85
0.74
0.71
0.72
:
0.80
0.76
:
:
0.75
0.88
0.88
:
0.62
0.69
0.67
0.87
:
0.81
:
0.66
0.82
0.68
0.83
0.74
:
:
:

STOP