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General Studies : General Science (Animal Kingdom) (38-A): Diversity in Living Organisms | UPSCPORTAL Free Online Coaching for IAS Exam 2013

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General Studies : General Science (Animal Kingdom) (38-A): Diversity in Living Organisms


Submitted by staff on Mon, 2012-12-10 13:13

Course Chapter

CSAT Paper-1

General Science

Common Methods of Preserving Food in our Homes

Chemical method : salt and edible oils are the common chemical generally used. Sodium benzoate and sodium metabisulphite are common preservatives. These are also used in the James and squashes to check their spoilage. Preservation by sugar : Sugar reduces the moisture context which inhibits the growth of bacteria which spoil food. Use of oil and vinegar prevents spoilage of pickles


Some Common Plant Disease Caused by Microorganisms

Plant disease Citrus canker Rust of wheat Microorganisms Mode of Transmission Bacteria Fungi Air Air, seeds insect



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Recent posts Yellow vein mosaic of bhindi Virus

Some Common Human Disease Caused by Micro Organisms

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Human disease

Causative microorganisms

Mode of transmission Air Air Air/contact Air/Water water/food/water

Preventive measure Keep the patient in complete isolation. Keep the person belonging of the patient away from those of others Vaccination at suitable age. Maintain personal hygiene and good sanitary habits. consumed properly

Tuberculosis Bacteria Measles Virus

Chicken pox Virus Polio Cholera Virus Bacteria,1



General Studies : General Science (Animal Kingdom) (38-A): Diversity in Living Organisms | UPSCPORTAL Free Online Coaching for IAS Exam 2013
Typhoid Bacteria cooked food and boiled drinking water vaccination Water Mosquito Drink boiled drinking water vaccination. Spray insecticides and control breeding of mosquito

Hepatitis B Malaria

Virus Protozoa


Camels have long legs which help to keep their bodies away from the heat of the Sand. They excrete small amount of urine, their dung is dry and they do not sweat. Since Camels lose very little water from their bodies, they can live for many days without water. Fish have slippery scales on their bodies. These scales protect the fish and also help in easy movements through water. The presence of specific features of certain habits, which enable a plant or an animal to live in its Surroundings, is called adaptation. There are some sea animals like squids and octopus, which do not have this streamlined become bacteria cannot live in such an environment. Pasteurized milk : the milk is heated to about 70oc for 15 to 30 seconds and then suddenly chilled and stored. This process was discovered by lowise Pasteur. It is called pasteurisation shape. These animals have gills to help them use oxygen dissolved in water. There are some sea animals like dolphins and whales that do not have gills. They breathe in air through nostrils or blowholes that are located on the upper parts of their heads. This allows them to breathe in air when they swim near the surface of water. They can stay inside the water for a long time without breathing. They come out to the surface from time to time, to breathe in air. When we breathe out, the air moves from inside out body to outside. Breathing is part of a process called respiration. In respiration, some of the oxygen of the air we breathe, in used by the living body. We breathe out the Carbon dioxide produced in this process.

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