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RLC PROTECTION RELAY

A high performance protection relay for capacitor banks and harmonic filter circuits

A comprehensive, numeric protection relay, featuring:


Compact draw-out design Panel or 19 inch rack mounting Four configurable measuring elements Five configurable output relays One self-supervision output relay An RS232 or RS485 serial data port option

For technical capability, back up and support, contact STRIKE Technologies

P O Box 1810 Halfway House, 1685 Gauteng Republic of South Africa Tel.: +27 11 315-0815

987 Richards Drive Halfway House Gauteng Republic of South Africa Fax.: +27 11 315-2559

E-Mail:strike@global.co.za

RLC RELAY COMPREHENSIVE, ECONOMICAL AND EASYTOUSE

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OPERATING AND INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR THE RLC RELAY

These instructions do not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment, nor to provide for every possible contingency to be met during installation, operation and maintenance. Should further information be required, or should particular issues arise that are not covered sufficiently for the purchasers purpose, the matter should be referred to:

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RLC RELAY
DOCUMENT HISTORY REVISION 01.26.09.97 DATE 26 September 1997 DESCRIPTION First issue

______________________________________________________________________________ APPROVALS:

_____________________ Managing Director

_____________________ Development Manager

_____________________ Project Manager

______________________________________________________________________________ OPERATING AND INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR THE RLC RELAY FOR PROTECTION OF CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUITS

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SAFETY SYMBOL LEGEND

WARNING

Draws attention to an operating procedure, practice, condition or statement, which, if not strictly observed, could result in injury or death.

CAUTION

Draws attention to an essential operating procedure, practice or statement, which, if not observed, could result in damage to, or destruction of, equipment.

NOTE

Draws attention to an essential operating or maintenance procedure, or statement, that must be observed.

WARNING

This equipment is potentially hazardous in respect of electrical shock or electrical burn. Only personnel, who are adequately trained and thoroughly familiar with the RLC Relay, and these instructions, should install, operate or maintain this equipment. To minimize the hazard of electrical shock or burn, the user should adhere to approved protection and safety procedures.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 2 INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................................12 OVERVIEW OF THE RLC RELAY .......................................................................................................13 2.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................13 2.2 APPLICATION.....................................................................................................................................13 2.3 PROTECTIVE FUNCTIONS PROVIDED BY THE RLC RELAY..................................................13 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 Peak repetitive overvoltage protection (Refer to Fig. 21) ............................................................13 Thermal overcurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21) .......................................................................14 Fundamental frequency star point unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 22).................................15 Fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 24)............................................................................................................................16 2.3.5 2.3.6 2.3.7 2.3.8 2.3.9 Fundamental frequency line current unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 23) .............................16 Fundamental frequency earth fault protection (Refer to Fig.23)..................................................17 Fundamental frequency overvoltage and overcurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21)....................17 Fundamental frequency undercurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21).............................................18 Breaker fail protection (Refer to Fig. 21) .....................................................................................18

2.3.10 Capacitor bank re-switching protection (Refer to Fig 23)............................................................18 2.4 MEASURING AND PROTECTION ELEMENTS..............................................................................................19 2.5 RELAY OUTPUTS .....................................................................................................................................20 2.6 CONTACT FORMS ....................................................................................................................................20 2.7 AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY ....................................................................................................................20 2.8 LED INDICATORS ...................................................................................................................................21

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2.9 LCD DISPLAY .........................................................................................................................................21 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 3 HOUSING AND TERMINALS .................................................................................................................22 KEYPAD ..............................................................................................................................................22 DIGITAL INPUT....................................................................................................................................22 TEST FACILITIES .................................................................................................................................23 SERIAL DATA INPUT / OUTPUT PORT ...................................................................................................23 PC BASED SOFTWARE PACKAGE.........................................................................................................24 AVAILABLE TYPES ..............................................................................................................................24 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ..............................................................................................................26 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ..............................................................................................................26 SETTABLE PARAMETERS AND SETTING RANGES .................................................................................26 DIMENSIONS AND CUT-OUT DETAILS ..................................................................................................26 TERMINAL DIAGRAM AND CONNECTIONS ...........................................................................................26

RLC RELAY HARDWARE DETAILS...................................................................................................27 3.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................27 3.2 NOMENCLATURE AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS.........................27 3.3 ENCLOSURE AND DRAW-OUT UNIT............................................................................................27 3.4 TERMINALS ........................................................................................................................................28 3.5 MEASURING ELEMENTS.................................................................................................................28 3.6 RELAY OUTPUTS...............................................................................................................................29

KEYPAD OPERATIONS.........................................................................................................................30 4.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................30 4.2 ACCESSING THE NORMAL OPERATION SCREEN DISPLAYS................................................30

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4.3 ACCESSING THE MAIN MENU FUNCTION .................................................................................30 4.4 EXECUTING ANY MAIN MENU OR SUB-MENU FUNCTIONS ................................................33 4.5 REVERTING BACK FROM THE MAIN MENU FUNCTIONS TO THE DEFAULT NORMAL OPERATION SCREEN DISPLAY ...................................................................................33 4.6 ACCESS PARAMETER SETUP MENU (OPTIONAL PASSWORD PROTECTION) ................................33 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 Setting of ELEMENT variables ................................................................................................35 Setting of OTHER variables......................................................................................................35 The COMPENSATE functions.....................................................................................................36

4.7 ACCESS OUTPUT RELAY MENU (OPTIONAL PASSWORD PROTECTION).......................................38 4.8 RUN DIAGNOSTIC TEST SEQUENCE............................................................................................40 4.9 BROWSE TRIP HISTORY LIST..............................................................................................................43 4.10 4.11 4.12 5 ACCESS SERIAL PORT OPTIONS (OPTIONAL PASSWORD PROTECTION) .........................................44 ACCESS PASSWORD SETUP MENU................................................................................................45 ACCESS MODE SETUP SELECTOR ...................................................................................................46

DISPLAY ANNUNCIATION AND SCREEN NAVIGATION.............................................................48 5.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................48 5.2 THE LCD SCREEN DISPLAYS DURING NORMAL OPERATION..............................................48 5.2.1 5.2.2 Normal Mode ................................................................................................................................49 H CONFIGURATION MODE normal operation screen displays...........................................51

5.3 THE LED INDICATORS .....................................................................................................................52 5.4 THE LCD SCREEN DISPLAY DURING OVERLOAD OR FAULT CONDITION.......................52 5.5 THE LCD POST-TRIP FAULT ANNUNCIATION AND TRIP HISTORY SCREEN DISPLAYS .53

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INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................................56 6.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................56 6.2 UNPACKING, STORAGE AND HANDLING ..................................................................................56 6.3 MOUNTING .........................................................................................................................................57 6.4 WIRING ................................................................................................................................................57 6.4.1 6.4.2 6.4.3 6.4.4 6.4.5 Auxiliary Power Supply................................................................................................................58 Current Transformer Circuits........................................................................................................58 Output Relay Circuits....................................................................................................................59 Digital Input ..................................................................................................................................60 Earth Connection...........................................................................................................................60

6.5 NOISE ISOLATION.............................................................................................................................61 7 STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTIONS FOR INSTALLING, CONFIGURING, TESTING AND PUTTING INTO SERVICE ...........................................................................................................62 7.1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................62 7.2 STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTIONS......................................................................................................62 8 TROUBLE SHOOTING ...........................................................................................................................66

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TABLE OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1: FRONT VIEW AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS .........................67 FIGURE 2: REAR VIEW AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS............................68 FIGURE 3: DIMENSIOINS AND CUTOUT DETAILS ...............................................................................69 FIGURE 4: TERMINAL AND CONNECTION DIAGRAM ........................................................................70 FIGURE 5: ELEMENT RATED CURRENT CONFIGURATION DIAGRAM ..........................................71 FIGURE 6: OUTPUT RELAY CONTACT FORM CONFIGURATION DIAGRAM ................................72 FIGURE 7: PEAK REPETITIVE OVERVOLTAGE vs TIME TRIP CURVES ..........................................73 FIGURE 8: THERMAL OVERLOAD VS TRIP TIME CURVE FOR VARIOUS PRIOR THERMAL LOADING CONDITIONS..........................................................................................................74 FIGURE 9: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 1 - PROTECTION OF A SINGLE STAR OR DELTA CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS.................................................................................................................................75 FIGURE 10: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 2 - PROTECTION OF A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS........................76 FIGURE 11: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 3: PROTECTION OF AN H CONFIGURATION SINGLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS .................................................................................................................................77 FIGURE 12: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 4 - PROTECTION OF A HIGH PASS FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK ............................................78

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FIGURE 13: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 5 - PROTECTION OF A C TYPE HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED MAIN CAPACITOR BANK, A FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY TUNING SUBSIDIARY CAPACITOR BANK, FILTER REACTORS AND FILTER RESISTORS..................................................................................79 FIGURE 14: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 6 - PROTECTION OF A C TYPE HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH AN H CONFIGURATION MAIN CAPACITOR BANK, A FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY TUNING SUBSIDIARY CAPACITOR BANK, AND STAR CONNECTED FILTER REACTORS AND RESISTORS.............................................80 FIGURE 15: TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR THE PROTECTION OF A SERIES TUNED HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR ...................................................81 FIGURE 16: TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR THE PROTECTION OF AN H CONFIGURATION MODE CAPACITOR BANK WITH DAMPING REACTORS .............82 FIGURE 17: ELEMENT FAILURE ON INTERNALLY OR EXTERNALLY FUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (DOUBLE STAR)...........................................................................................................83 FIGURE 18: ELEMENT FAILURE ON UNFUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (DOUBLE STAR) ................84 FIGURE 19: ELEMENT FAILURE ON INTERNALLY OR EXTERNALLY FUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (H CONFIGURATION)..............................................................................................85 FIGURE 20: ELEMENT FAILURE ON UNFUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (H CONFIGURATION) ...86 FIGURE 21: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENTS 1, 2 AND 3 (NORMAL MODE)...............................87 FIGURE 22: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENT 4 (NORMAL MODE)..................................................88 FIGURE 23: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENT 5 (NORMAL MODE)..................................................89 FIGURE 24: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENTS 2, 3 AND 4 (H CONFIGURATION MODE) .......90 FIGURE 25: EFFECT OF PEAK REPETITIVE OVER VOLTAGE RESET TIMER, vc>reset:xt, DURING INTERMITTANT PEAK REPETITIVE OVER VOLTAGES..................................................91

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FIGURE 26: CONFIGURATION OF OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5 (NORMAL MODE) ........................92 FIGURE 27: CONFIGURATION OF OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5 (H CONFIGURATION MODE) .93

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TABLE OF APPENDICES
APPENDIX 1: NOMENCLATURE AND DEFINITIONS............................................................................94 APPENDIX 2: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS.......................................................................................103 APPENDIX 3: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................104 APPENDIX 4: SETTABLE PARAMETERS AND SETTING RANGES ..................................................106 APPENDIX 5: COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD ..................................................................................109 APPENDIX 6: FAULT REPORT..................................................................................................................115 APPENDIX 7: DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS......................................................................................................122 APPENDIX 8: NORMAL MODE CALCULATION OF CHECKSUMS FOR OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5...............................................................................................................123 APPENDIX 9: H CONFIGURATION MODE CALCULATION OF CHECKSUMS FOR OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5..............................................................................................................124 APPENDIX 10: DEFAULT HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ON DELIVERY:..125 APPENDIX 11: INJECTION TESTING.......................................................................................................128 APPENDIX 12: SETTING EXAMPLE 1 .....................................................................................................129 APPENDIX 13: SETTING EXAMPLE 2 .....................................................................................................133 APPENDIX 14: CALCULATION OF THE REACTOR HEATING AND COOLING TIME CONSTANT () ...................................................................................................................138 APPENDIX 15: MENU NAVIGATION CHART (NORMAL MODE)......................................................139 APPENDIX 16: MENU NAVIGATION CHART (H CONFIGURATION MODE) ..............................140

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INTRODUCTION
This manual contains an overview and specification of the RLC Relay for the protection of capacitor banks and harmonic filter circuits, as well as detailed installation, setting up, operating, commissioning and maintenance instructions. As further enhancements are developed, this manual will be expanded and revised to include full details of these options. The user of this manual should have a prior knowledge of capacitor banks and harmonic filter circuits, power system protection, power system measurements, and power system safety procedures. Before installing, setting up or operating the RLC Relay, the user should study the applicable sections of this manual, taking particular note of WARNINGS, CAUTIONS and NOTES included for personnel and equipment protection. Before attempting to trouble-shoot the equipment, the user should thoroughly understand the entire manual. For trouble-shooting and commissioning the following equipment is required: Digital multi-meter with clip-on current tong for measuring 1A or 5A current transformer (CT) secondaries A single phase primary or secondary injection test set.

Due to the nature of the RLC Relay, it is not recommended that the user should attempt repairs other than the removal and replacement of the drawout unit, which houses all electrical and electronic parts. Refer to Section 8 for further details. Faulty RLC Relays should be returned to STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd for testing, and if necessary, for repair or replacement of faulty parts, re-calibration and re-testing.

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2 2.1

OVERVIEW OF THE RLC RELAY INTRODUCTION


The RLC Relay is a numeric, microprocessor based, integrated, and multi-function relay for the comprehensive protection of medium voltage and high voltage capacitor banks and harmonic filter circuits. In many aspects, the relay is user configurable to cater for a wide range of applications and relay settings and to minimize the number of different relay models. In this way the RLC Relay provides flexibility of application, while remaining both economical and easy-to-use.

2.2

APPLICATION
The RLC Relay provides comprehensive protection for the capacitive, inductive and resistive elements of three phase medium voltage and high voltage shunt capacitor banks and harmonic filter circuits. The capacitor banks may have a single star, double star, delta or H CONFIGURATION, with internally fused, externally fused or unfused capacitor units. The RLC Relay prevents unnecessary trip-outs, only operating when absolutely necessary to protect the capacitor bank from damage due to fundamental and harmonic overcurrent and overvoltage conditions, and thereby preventing unnecessary financial losses and other detrimental consequences due to a trip out of the capacitor bank. In addition, after a system fault or equipment failure, the RLC Relay trips the associated circuit breaker timeously, to ensure maximum personnel safety, and to minimize further equipment and other consequential damage.

2.3

PROTECTIVE FUNCTIONS PROVIDED BY THE RLC RELAY

2.3.1 Peak repetitive overvoltage protection (Refer to Fig. 21)


The dielectric of a capacitor bank is stressed by the peak repetitive voltage applied to the capacitor bank. According to the standards, a capacitor bank must be able to withstand a rms sinusoidal voltage of 110% of its rated voltage at rated frequency for extended periods. Thus a capacitor can withstand a peak repetitive voltage of 1,1 2 UN for extended periods. For peak repetitive voltages above this value, an inverse time capacitor temporary overvoltage withstand curve defines the time the capacitor can withstand the peak repetitive voltage before failure. This curve has been derived from the relevant ANSI and IEC recommendations. In service the peak repetitive voltage is determined by the actual fundamental frequency voltage applied to the capacitor, as well as any harmonic voltages superimposed on the fundamental.

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Filter reactors in series with the capacitor bank cause the fundamental frequency voltage at the capacitor bank terminals to be higher than the fundamental frequency supply voltage. Also, harmonic currents flowing in the capacitor bank cause harmonic voltages superimposed on the fundamental voltage, which further increases the peak repetitive voltage applied to the capacitor bank. For each phase, the RLC Relay determines the peak repetitive capacitor voltage, vc, using advanced digital signal processing techniques, by integrating the measured line current waveform, to give a signal representing the voltage waveform applied to the capacitor bank. The peak repetitive voltage of this signal, vc, is then extracted, and compared to an adjustable low-set peak repetitive voltage withstand threshold, vc>. For calculated peak repetitive voltages above this threshold, a starter signal, vc> start, is output, and the inverse time ANSI capacitor temporary overvoltage withstand curve defines the time before the lowset peak repetitive overvoltage trip signal, vc>trip, is output. In addition, vc is compared to an adjustable high-set threshold, vc>>, with an associated adjustable definite timer, vc>>:xt, to provide a high-set trip output, vc>>trip, if the associated threshold is exceeded for the definite time set.

2.3.2 Thermal overcurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21)


The connections and current paths within a capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit are stressed thermally by the total rms heating current, Irms, including both the fundamental and harmonic components, flowing in these connections and current paths. According to the standards, a capacitor bank, and the capacitor units making up the bank, must be rated to withstand continuously a rms current of 130% of rated current. For currents above this threshold, the resulting temperature rise may cause damage to the capacitor bank and capacitor units. Similarly, each of the other elements making up the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit, including the circuit breaker, feed cable, series damping or filter reactors, and filter resistors, also have an associated continuous rms heating current limit, above which excessive temperature rise and damage may occur. For each phase, the RLC Relay protects a capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit from excess rms current stressing, by modeling the thermal response of the circuit to the rms heating current, Irms. Using advanced digital signal processing techniques; Irms is continuously calculated from the measured line currents. A first order exponential thermal model and associated adjustable heating / cooling time constant, , is then used to continuously calculate the thermal current response, Ith, to the rms heating current, Irms. This parameter, Irms as well as Ith are then continuously compared to an adjustable threshold, Ith>, which is set as the lowest continuous rms heating current rating of the series elements making up the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit. When Irms exceeds the threshold, Ith>, the thermal overload starter signal, Ith>start, is output, When Ith exceeds the threshold, Ith>, the thermal overload trip signal, Ith>trip, is output.

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NOTE
Irms reflects the instantaneous value of the Irms heating current, while Ith lags Irms depending on as set.

2.3.3 Fundamental frequency star point unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 22)
In a double star connected capacitor bank, the failure of internal capacitor elements, and the subsequent blowing of internal capacitor element fuses or external capacitor unit fuses, is detected by sensitive monitoring of the star point unbalance current flowing between the two star points. Capacitor banks may be designed to operate for extended periods with a certain number of blown internal or external fuses. However, once a certain number of fuses have blown, the increase in voltage across the healthy elements dictates that the capacitor bank should be immediately disconnected to avoid further progressive element failures and catastrophic damage. Even though efforts may be taken to balance a double star connected capacitor bank, by optimum selection and positioning of the capacitor units making up the bank, the tolerance in capacitance is such that a natural fundamental frequency star point unbalance current flows under normal conditions. The RLC Relay measures the star point unbalance current and calculates the fundamental frequency component, Iub. This is then compensated, in magnitude and phase angle, to zero, to enable further changes, in both magnitude and phase angle, Iub, from the initial uncompensated value, to be determined. The magnitude of Iub is a measure of the change in capacitance in any leg of a double star capacitor bank arrangement, whereas the phase angle of Iub indicates the leg in which the change in capacitance has occurred. The magnitude of Iub is continuously compared to an adjustable low-set threshold, Iub>, and high-set threshold, Iub>>, each with an associated adjustable definite timer, Iub:xt and Iub>>:xt. For Iub greater than Iub>, a starter signal, Iub>start, is output. In addition, low-set and high-set trip signals, Iub>trip and Iub>>trip, are output, if the associated thresholds are exceeded for the definite times set. The advantage of star point unbalance protection is that, unlike line current unbalance, the magnitude and phase angle of Iub is not influenced by unbalanced supply voltage conditions. Therefore the sensitivity of star point unbalance current measurement can be much higher than line current unbalance measurement, without spurious tripping caused by unbalanced supply voltages. This sensitivity is often essential for adequate protection of larger capacitor banks with both internal, external and unfused capacitor arrangements. In addition, the star point unbalance protection function provided by the RLC Relay indicates

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the leg of the double star bank in which the change in capacitance has occurred. This is particularly convenient for larger capacitor banks with internally fused or unfused capacitor arrangements, to speed up the identification of faulty capacitor units.

2.3.4 Fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 24)
Similarly, but in an alternative user-configurable operating mode, the RLC Relay provides fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection only. This provides sensitive unbalance protection independently for each phase of a capacitor bank. For each phase of an H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank, the changes in magnitudes and phase angles aIub, bIub and cIub are calculated from the initial natural fundamental frequency star point unbalance currents, aIub, bIub and cIub, by digital signal processing of the three measured H CONFIGURATION unbalance currents. The magnitudes of aIub, bIub and cIub are continuously compared to adjustable lowset thresholds aIub>, bIub> and cIub>, and high-set thresholds aIub>>, bIub>> and cIub>> respectively. Each of the low-set thresholds and high-set thresholds has an associated adjustable low set and high-set definite timer, namely aIub>:xt, bIub>:xt and cIub>:xt and aIub>>:xt, bIub>>:xt and cIub>>:xt. For aIub, bIub and cIub greater than aIub>, bIub> and cIub> respectively, the corresponding starter signal, aIub>start, bIub>start and cIub>start, is output. In addition, low-set trip signals aIub>trip, bIub>trip and cIub>trip, and high-set trip signals aIub>>trip, bIub>>trip and cIub>>trip, are output, if the associated thresholds are exceeded for the definite times set. The advantage of H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection is that, similar to star point unbalance protection, the magnitudes and phase angles of aIub, bIub and cIub are not influenced by unbalanced supply voltage conditions. Therefore the sensitivity of H CONFIGURATION unbalance current measurement can be much higher than line current unbalance measurement, without spurious tripping caused by unbalanced supply voltages. In addition, this sensitive unbalance protection is now provided independently for each phase of the capacitor bank, thus making it possible to immediately and independently identify the phase and branch in which a change in capacitance has occurred. This is particularly convenient for larger capacitor banks with internally fused or unfused capacitor arrangements, to speed up the identification of faulty capacitor units.

2.3.5 Fundamental frequency line current unbalance protection (Refer to Fig. 23)
The monitoring of fundamental frequency line current unbalance provides a means of detecting changes in impedance resulting from failures and faults within the capacitive, inductive and resistive elements of a capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit. These faults or failures invariably result in an unbalance in the fundamental frequency component of the line currents.

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The RLC Relay calculates the fundamental frequency line current unbalance, Ilub, from the fundamental frequency components of the three phase line currents. Ilub is continuously compared with two adjustable thresholds, Ilub> and Ilub>>, each with an associated adjustable definite timer, Ilub>:xt and Ilub>>:xt. For Ilub greater than Ilub>, a starter signal, Ilub>start, is output. In addition, low-set and high-set trip signals, Ilub>trip and Ilub>>trip, are output if the associated thresholds are exceeded for the definite times set. The sensitivity of line current unbalance protection is limited by the effect of supply voltage unbalance on the line currents. Nevertheless, line current unbalance protection is useful as back-up protection to star point unbalance protection, as well as for early detection of filter resistor and reactor faults, and for early detection of capacitor element failures in smaller capacitor banks, in single star or delta connected arrangements, where star point unbalance protection is not provided.

2.3.6 Fundamental frequency earth fault protection (Refer to Fig.23)


The RLC Relay calculates the fundamental frequency residual or earth fault current, Io, as the magnitude of the vector sum of the three fundamental frequency components of the three phase line currents. Io is compared with two adjustable thresholds, Io> and lo>>, each with an associated adjustable definite timer, Io>:xt and Io>>:xt. For Io greater than Io>, a starter signal, Io>start, is output. In addition, low-set and high-set trip signals, Io>trip and Io>>trip, are output if the associated thresholds are exceeded for the definite times set.

2.3.7 Fundamental frequency overvoltage and overcurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21)
For each phase, the RLC Relay calculates the fundamental frequency component, I1, of the line current. I1 is continuously compared with two adjustable thresholds, I1> and I1>>, each with an associated adjustable definite timer, I1>:xt and I1>>:xt. For I1 greater than I1>, a starter signal, I1>start, is output. In addition, low-set and high-set trip signals, I1>trip and I1>>trip, are output if the associated thresholds are exceeded for the definite times set. In the absence of any equipment failures or system faults, the fundamental frequency line currents flowing in a shunt connected capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit is proportional to the fundamental frequency supply voltage. The low-set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold is typically set a little higher than the current that would flow at the maximum system voltage, e.g. at say 107,5% of nominal, with a fairly long definite time setting of, say 300 seconds. This protects the capacitor bank/harmonic filter circuit from an abnormally high supply voltage, in excess of the declared maximum system voltage. A fundamental frequency line current much higher than that which would normally flow at the maximum system voltage, indicates a catastrophic phase-to-phase, three phase or phase-to-earth fault, or major equipment failure, requiring immediate disconnection of the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit. Therefore the high-set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold is typically set at, say 150% of nominal, with a definite time delay setting of zero (no intentional delay).

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2.3.8 Fundamental frequency undercurrent protection (Refer to Fig. 21)


If the mains power supply should fail, while the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker is on, then it is prudent to trip the capacitor bank / filter circuit breaker. After restoration of the mains supply, the capacitor bank can then be re-energized under controlled conditions, after the system load has been re-established. In certain cases this can help to avoid over correction and excessive system voltage rise, due to load rejection during the mains power dip. For each phase, the RLC Relay calculates I1, the fundamental frequency component of the line current. I1 is continuously compared with an adjustable undercurrent threshold, I1<, and associated adjustable definite timer, I1<:xt. With the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker on, if the mains power supply fails, as indicated by a drop in I1 below I1< for longer than the definite time set, then the undercurrent trip signal, I1<trip, is output.

2.3.9 Breaker fail protection (Refer to Fig. 21)


If I1 remains above 10% of rated In, for longer than the adjustable definite time, Bfail1<:xt, after a trip output signal has been given by the RLC Relay (regardless of the digital input), then this indicates a major failure of the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker, and the breaker fail signal, Bfail1, is output. In addition to the above, if I1 remains above 10% of rated In, for longer than the adjustable definite time, Bfail2<:xt, after the breaker switches off (digital input indicates the breaker open/close status), then this indicates a major failure of the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker, and the breaker fail signal, Bfail2, is output. Both signals can be used trip to an upstream breaker.

2.3.10 Capacitor bank re-switching protection (Refer to Fig 23)


When a capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker switches off for any reason, it should not be re-energized until the capacitor bank has discharged, to prevent severe and stressful voltage and current transients due to the application of mains supply voltage onto a charged capacitor bank. In most cases, after de-energization, discharge resistors built into the capacitor units will discharge the stored capacitor voltage to less than 50 V within 5 minutes of de-energization. Alternatively, external rapid discharge chokes may be fitted for faster discharge. The RLC Relay provides the necessary logic, and a breaker enable output signal, Bena, to inhibit the re-energization of the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker, for an adjustable definite time, Bena:xt, since de-energization. Bena is normally at logic 1 (high), goes to logic 0 (low) when the circuit breaker switches off, and reverts to logic 1 (high) a definite time (typically set as 5 minutes) thereafter.

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2.4 Measuring and protection elements


Four dual 1A/5A current measuring elements are provided within the RLC Relay. Elements 1,2 and 3 are normally used to measure the three phase line currents of the capacitor bank and series reactors, via three line current transformers, with 1A or 5A secondaries. In addition, where applicable, elements 1, 2 and 3 of a separate RLC Relay may be used to measure the three phase line currents of the filter resistors, via three resistor line current transformers, with 1A or 5A secondaries. Element 4 is normally used to measure the star point unbalance current of a three phase, double star connected capacitor bank, via a star point unbalance current transformer, with a 1A or 5A secondary, connected between the two star points. The functionality, settings, and binary output signals of elements 1, 2 and 3 are identical, and provide peak repetitive overvoltage protection, thermal overcurrent protection, fundamental frequency overvoltage and overcurrent protection, fundamental frequency undercurrent protection, and breaker fail protection. The functionality of element 4 provides fundamental frequency star point unbalance protection for a double star connected capacitor bank. In addition, from the three phase fundamental frequency line current vectors, calculated by elements 1, 2 and 3, a software element 5 further calculates and provides fundamental frequency earth fault protection and fundamental frequency line unbalance current protection. Furthermore, software element 5 provides discharge timer logic to inhibit the re-energization of the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit breaker, for an adjustable definite time after de-energization. In an alternative user-configurable operating mode, the RLC Relay provides fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection only. This provides sensitive unbalance protection independently for each phase of a capacitor bank. In this mode, element 1 measure the a phase line current of the capacitor bank (as a reference phase), while elements 2, 3 and 4 measure the H CONFIGURATION unbalance currents of phases a, b and c, respectively. Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 3.5 for further details.

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2.5 Relay outputs


The RLC Relay has six relay outputs. The functionality of output relays 1 to 5 is user configurable. The user may program the relay contacts to be latching or non-latching and the output relays to be normally energized or normally de-energized during the power-up healthy condition. In addition, the user may direct any of the binary output signals of elements 1 to 5 to output relays 1 to 5. Output relay 6 is the self-supervision relay for the RLC Relay, and its functionality is not user configurable. Output relay 6 is energized in the power-up, normal condition, and de-energizes on loss of auxiliary power supply, or on failure of the RLC Relay internal power supply, microprocessor hardware, software or memory. Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 3.6 for further details.

2.6 Contact forms


Output relays 1 to 6 each have one changeover (form C) contact. As default, output relays 1 to 6 are supplied with the normally open (relay de-energized) contacts wired to the terminal block. However, the user may easily change any or all of the contacts of output relays 1 to 6 wired to the terminal block to be normally closed, as required by the application. (The full changeover contact of an output relay cannot be wired to the terminal block, only the N/O or N/C contact.) Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 3.6 for further details.

2.7

Auxiliary power supply


A high efficiency, low loss, wide range ac/dc auxiliary power supply is provided within the RLC Relay. Special care has been taken to minimize the overall standing load of the RLC Relay on the dc station batteries or ac busbar voltage transformers. The RLC Relay caters for auxiliary supply voltages of nominal values between 30 V and 250 V ac/dc. Other power supply voltages may be available. Please consult STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd for further details. Refer to Appendix 3 for further details.

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2.8 LED indicators


Three LED indicators are provided on the front panel of the RLC Relay: Green LED: POWER ON / HEALTHY This indicates that the auxiliary power supply is on, and the self-supervision output relay is energized, indicating that the protection relay is healthy. Yellow LED: ALARM This indicates that one (or more) of the starter binary output signals of elements 1 to 5 is at logic 1 (high), and that the protection relay may trip if the fault condition persists. Red LED: TRIP This indicates that a trip condition has occurred that has not yet been reset and / or acknowledged.

Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 5.3 for further details.

2.9 LCD display


A two line, 16 character, full alpha-numeric, back-lit, Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) is provided on the front panel of the RLC Relay for the following purposes: During normal relay operation the display of various measured and calculated parameters, together with the low-set thresholds associated with these parameters, for elements 1 to 5, including the peak repetitive capacitor voltages, the rms heating line currents, the thermal response line currents, the fundamental frequency components of the line currents, the fundamental frequency star point unbalance current, the fundamental frequency line current unbalance, and the fundamental frequency residual (earth fault) current. After a relay trip condition annunciation of all the fault conditions after a trip, including the value of the fault currents and voltages at the instant of trip, and the relay trip time after commencement of the fault condition. During relay configuration and normal relay operation display of the current and voltage thresholds and timer settings for each element, and display of each output relay configuration and checksum. During relay configuration interactive configuration of the protection relay. During testing of the protection relay interactive self-testing of the protection relay. In the event of the RLC Relay failure annunciation of any protection relay hardware, software or memory failures detected during self-testing of the RLC Relay, by displaying the relevant error codes. Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 5 for further details.

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2.10 Housing and terminals


The RLC Relay is housed in a draw-out chassis within a fixed case. This housing is particularly suitable for both flush mounting and 19 inch rack mounting. The cases are designed for use indoors, in tropical climates, and are designed to withstand shock, vibration and the ingress of dust and moisture. A terminal block, with 28 recessed terminals, is provided on the fixed case. Standard screw terminals, or fast-on connectors, can be used, for external connections. Withdrawing the protection relay module automatically short-circuits the current transformer terminals. Two phosphor bronze earth continuity strips are riveted to the draw-out chassis and make contact with the earth strips in the fixed case. Refer to Section 3.3 and 3.4 for further details.

2.11 Keypad
A five-button keypad is provided on the front panel of the RLC Relay for the following purposes: Interactive configuration of the protection relay Acknowledgement and resetting of trip conditions Hardware diagnostic testing

Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 4 for further details.

2.12 Digital input


The RLC Relay is provided with an optically isolated, binary (on / off), voltage input channel, to receive an external contact signal. Any voltage from 24 250 V ac/dc applied to this input channel will cause the digital input to be on (logic 1). Depending on the RLC Relay configuration the digital input can be used either as: A breaker on (Bon) signal from a normally open auxiliary contact on the associated circuit breaker, to signal whether the breaker is open or closed. This signal is used by the undercurrent protection, breaker fail protection and discharge timer logic functions of the RLC Relay.

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or a remote reset signal from a normally open reset push button, to acknowledge a trip condition and / or reset any latched trip relays after a fault trip. Refer to Appendix 3 and Section 4.6.2 for further details.

2.13 Test facilities


While the RLC Relay is in service, it continuously performs various self-testing functions, and if any errors or failures are detected, the corresponding error code(s) will be displayed, and the self-supervision output relay will de-energize, to signal the malfunction. These self-tests include tests of the processors, RAM, EPROM and EEPROM. In addition, a further set of hardware diagnostic tests may be performed on the RLC Relay by the user, to test and check the functionality of the digital input, relay outputs, keypad, LCD display and LEDs. Refer to Section 4.8 for further details.

2.14 Serial data input / output port


The RLC Relay is provided with an RS232 or RS485 serial data port for data communications between an intelligent host device and the RLC Relay. The RS232 port enables point-to-point communications between a host and a single RLC Relay, either directly over a distance of about 10m, or via MODEM. The RS485 port enables multipoint communications between a host and up to 32 RLC Relays, multi-dropped on a 2 wire fieldbus, over a distance of about 1km. The serial data port is used for the following purposes: Downloading to the RLC Relay of a set-up, including all threshold settings, timer settings and output relay configuration settings for the RLC Relay. Uploading from the RLC Relay of the set-up currently active within the RLC Relay. Uploading from the RLC Relay of alarm and trip annunciation messages, including the value of the fault currents and voltages at the instant of trip, and the relay trip time after commencement of the fault condition, for the last five trip sessions. The uploading from the RLC Relay of various instantaneous parameters, measured and calculated by the relay during normal operation, including the peak repetitive capacitor voltages, the rms heating line currents, the thermal response line currents, the fundamental frequency components of the line currents, the fundamental frequency star point unbalance current, the fundamental frequency line current unbalance, and the fundamental frequency residual (earth fault) current.

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Other functions, such as remote acknowledgement/resetting of trip conditions and compensation of residual unbalances.

2.15 PC based software package


A WINDOWS based software package is available for the RLC Relay to exploit its communications facilities. This software package enables the user to create, edit, save, open and print any number of the RLC Relay set-up files on a PC, and to download or upload a set-up file to or from the RLC Relay, either directly or via MODEM. In addition, all the other facilities and functions of the serial data port, as detailed above, can be exploited using this software package.

2.16 Available types


Due to the user configurable and flexible nature of the RLC Relay, the model options are minimized. This reduces stockholding requirements, minimizes lead times and reduces spares requirements. When ordering the RLC Relay it is not necessary to know the final output relay functionality and contact form, or the rated currents (1A or 5A) of measuring elements 1 to 4.

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RLC Relay types:

NOTE Not all the RLC Relay types may be in production or available at short notice. Please contact STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd for further details and to obtain a confirmed delivery date.

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2.17 General characteristics


Refer to Appendix 2 for the general characteristics of the RLC Relay.

2.18 Technical specifications


Refer to Appendix 3 for the Technical specifications of the RLC Relay.

2.19 Settable parameters and setting ranges


Refer to Appendix 4 for the settable parameters and setting ranges of the RLC Relay.

2.20 Dimensions and cut-out details


Refer to Fig. 3 for dimensions and cutout details of the RLC Relay.

2.21 Terminal diagram and connections


Refer to Fig. 4 for the terminal and connection diagram applicable to the RLC Relay.

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3 3.1

RLC RELAY HARDWARE DETAILS INTRODUCTION


This section provides various hardware and mechanical details of the RLC Relay relevant to the user. These include various mechanical details as well as various details relating to configuration by the user of the measuring element rated currents (1A or 5A), and the output relay contact forms (normally open or normally closed).

3.2

NOMENCLATURE AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS


Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 for front and rear views of the RLC Relay and for identification of external components.

3.3

ENCLOSURE AND DRAW-OUT UNIT


The RLC Relay is housed in a draw-out chassis within a fixed case. This housing is particularly suitable for both flush mounting or 19 inch rack mounting. The cases are designed for use in tropical climates, and are designed to withstand shock, vibration and the ingress of dust and moisture. Two phosphor bronze earth continuity strips are riveted to the draw-out chassis and make contact with the earthing strips in the fixed case. In order to remove the draw-out chassis, unscrew by a quarter turn the bottom catch of the removable front cover and remove. Then firmly and slowly pull the draw-out handle on the front fascia plate to remove the draw-out chassis of the RLC Relay. In order to insert the draw-out chassis into the fixed case carefully align the guide rails on the draw-out chassis with the corners of the fixed case. Then firmly and slowly push the handle on the front fascia plate to insert the draw-out chassis into the fixed case. When the chassis is almost fully inserted, an extra resistance will be felt as the moving contacts on the draw-out chassis mate with the fixed contacts of the fixed case. At this point, press the handle very firmly to fully insert the draw-out chassis. Then replace the front cover by hooking the top catch over the clip on the fixed case. Align the front cover and refasten the bottom catch by a quarter turn.

CAUTION The RLC Relay incorporates static sensitive devices. However the electronic circuits are well protected by the fixed metal case. Therefore do not withdraw the draw-out chassis unnecessarily. Refer to Section 6.2 for further details on handling of the draw-out chassis when removed from the fixed case.

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3.4

TERMINALS
A terminal block, with 28 recessed terminals, are provided on the fixed case. Standard M4 screw terminals, or fast-on connectors, can be used on the terminal block for connections to the protection relay. Removing the draw-out chassis from the fixed case automatically short circuits the current transformer field terminals, before breaking contact with the draw-out chassis, and ensures that the current transformer circuits are not open circuited during and after removal. Refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 4 for details of the terminal layout and terminal connection diagram.

3.5 MEASURING ELEMENTS


Four user configurable dual 1A/5A current measuring elements are provided within the RLC Relay. As default, the RLC Relay is supplied with each measuring element pre-configured for a 5A nominal rated current (In = 5A). However the user may easily change any or all elements to have a 1A nominal rated current, as required by the application. To do this, withdraw the draw-out chassis from the fixed case as detailed in Section 3.3, taking note of the handling requirements of Section 6.2. Then, referring to Fig. 5, identify the 1A and 5A selection links for elements 1, 2, 3 and 4, on the Analog / Power supply printed circuit board. Move the link to the desired position for each element, to select a rated current of 1A or 5A for each element.

WARNING Extremely hazardous high voltages can appear across the CT secondaries if the CT secondary current is open circuited. Therefore carefully ensure that the selection links are properly in place for each measuring element before re-inserting the drawout chassis into the fixed case, otherwise the CT circuits will be open circuited as the draw-out chassis is inserted.

CAUTION Be absolutely sure that the rated currents selected for each element correspond to the CT secondary rated current.

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NOTE After changing the rated current selection terminals for one or more elements, be sure to change the rating plate details of the RLC Relay to reflect the changed nominal rated current, In, for the affected elements.

3.6 RELAY OUTPUTS


The RLC Relay has six relay outputs. The power up normal state of output relays #1 to #5 is user configurable i.e. normally energized or normally de-energized. The reset state of output relays #1 to #5 are also user configurable i.e. self reset or hand reset (latched). Output relay #6 is the RLC Relay self-supervision relay, and is energized in the power-up normal condition, and de-generizes on loss of auxiliary power supply, or on failure of the RLC Relay internal power supply, microprocessor hardware, software or memory. Output relays #1 to #6 have one-changeover contact each. As default the RLC Relays are supplied with the normally open contacts wired to the terminal block. However the user may easily change any or all of the output contacts of output relays #1 to #6 wired to the terminal block to be normally closed, as required by the application. To change the contact forms of output relays #1 to #6, withdraw the draw-out chassis from the fixed case as detailed in Section 3.3, taking note of the handling requirements of Section 6.2. Then, referring to Fig. 6, identify the output relay contact form selection links for relays #1 to #6. Move the links to the desired position for each output relay contact, to select a contact form of N/O or N/C for each output relay contact.

WARNING Be absolutely sure that the contact forms selected for the output relay contacts are correct for the application, and that the links are properly in place for each output relay contact before re-inserting the draw-out chassis into the fixed case, otherwise the desired protection may not be provided. Confirm that the contact forms selected are correct by performing the diagnostic test function.

Refer to Section 4.4 and Section 4.7 for further details.

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4 4.1

KEYPAD OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION


This section provides details of user keypad operations and the interactive relay screen displays, when executing the various relay functions, including: Accessing the normal operation screen displays Executing any main menu or sub-menu functions Reverting back from the main menu functions to the default normal operation screen display Access PARAMETER SETUP menu Setting of element variables Setting of OTHER variables Compensating of unbalance currents Access output relay menu Run DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence Browse TRIP HISTORY list Access SERIAL PORT options Access PASSWORD SETUP menu Access MODE SETUP selector

4.2

ACCESSING THE NORMAL OPERATION SCREEN DISPLAYS


After power-up, pressing the , , , keys allows the user to access all the normal operation screen displays. Refer also to section 6.2 for further details.

4.3

ACCESSING THE MAIN MENU FUNCTION


During normal relay operation, press the & keys simultaneously for 5 seconds. Any trip condition must first be cleared before the operator can access the main menu. If a trip occurred while the operator is busy in the setup or any other menu, the trip condition will be logged and on returning from the menu, the trip display will activate.

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If the RLC Relay password code has not been changed from the default code (000000), then the user will now have access to the main menu, and the first of the main menu functions will be displayed. However if the user has changed the default password code to any number other than 000000, then at this point the following screen will be displayed:

Type Password 000000 Pressing the or key moves the cursor to the left or right. Pressing the or key increments or decrements the digit at the cursor. Therefore using the , , , keys, the correct password code can be entered by the user. Once the correct password has been entered, press the red ACCEPT key to return to the main menu.

NOTE Only the correct password code will allow access to the settable parameters in the sub menus.

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Pressing the or key will scroll through the other main menu functions as shown: MAIN MENU FUNCTION KEYPAD OPERATION Press or key

Access PARAMETER SETUP menu

Access OUTPUT RELAY menu

Press or key

Run DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence

Press or key

Browse TRIP HISTORY list

Press or key

Access SERIAL PORT options

Press or key

Access PASSWORD SETUP menu

Press or key

Access MODE SETUP selector

Press or key

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4.4

EXECUTING ANY MAIN MENU OR SUB-MENU FUNCTIONS


After selecting and displaying the desired main or sub-menu function as detailed in Section 4.3 using the or key will select the desired main or sub-menu function. Then press the key to access the selected function.

4.5

REVERTING BACK FROM THE MAIN MENU FUNCTIONS TO THE DEFAULT NORMAL OPERATION SCREEN DISPLAY
When any one of the main menu function screen displays is being shown (refer to Section 4.3) the user can revert back to the default normal operation screen display by pressing the and keys simultaneously.

4.6

ACCESS PARAMETER SETUP MENU (Optional password protection)


From the main menu, select the Access PARAMETER SETUP menu using the or keys (Refer to Section 4.3). Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4). The first of the PARAMETER SETUP sub-menu functions will be displayed. Pressing the or key will scroll through the other sub-menu functions, which depending on the operation mode of the RLC Relay, will be displayed as follows:

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NORMAL MODE OPERATION Press or key

H CONFIGURATION OPERATION Press or key

Set ELEMENT 1, 2, 3 variables

Set ELEMENT 2, 3, 4 variables

Set ELEMENT 4 variables

Press or key

COMPENSATE for aIub

Press or key

Set ELEMENT 5 variables

Press or key

COMPENSATE for bIub

Press or key

Set OTHER functions

Press or key

COMPENSATE for cIub

Press or key

COMPENSATE for star unbalance

Press or key

To execute any of the above sub-menu functions, select the desired sub-menu function using the or key, and then execute using the key. After accessing any of the parameter set-up functions and making any element setting, other setting or compensation of the unbalance currents, press the red ACCEPT key to revert back to the main menu. The user will be presented with 3 choices: Resume Save Cancel

Press the or key to select one of the above.

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If Resume is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will return the relay to the set-up mode, to allow the user to further modify the set-up parameters. If Save is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will save the new settings and change the old settings to the new settings, and return to the main menu. If Cancel is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will abort and return to the main menu without saving the new settings or changing the old settings to the new settings (ie. the new settings will be discarded).

NOTE It should be noted that while the RLC Relay is in the set-up mode, all the protective functions are still active and thus full protection is still provided, using the previously saved set-up parameters.

4.6.1 Setting of ELEMENT variables


After selecting any of the Set ELEMENT (1, 2, 3, or 4) Variables functions, press the key to access the relevant elements variables. Then press or to scroll through the list of element variables. Once the desired element variable is displayed, press the or key to increment or decrement the setting value. When set as desired press the or key to select the next element variable. Proceed as previous until all the element variables have been set as desired. Refer to Appendix 4 for a complete list of settable element variables and the relevant setting ranges. To disable an element variable, scroll the setting value until the mnemonic changes to N/A (not available). When all the element variables have been set as desired, press the red ACCEPT button to revert back to the PARAMETER SET UP sub-menu.

4.6.2 Setting of OTHER variables


After selecting Set OTHER functions, press the key to access a list of the four OTHER settings. Pressing the or key scrolls through these four OTHER setting variables. When the selected OTHER variable is being displayed, pressing the or key increments or decrements the setting value or scrolls through the available setting options.

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The four OTHER setting variables are: The functionality of the digital input to the RLC Relay. This can be either Disabled if the digital input is not being used, or set as a Breaker on, Bon, signal or as a RemoteReset. The breaker fail timer, Bfail1 can be set from 0.05 to 2 seconds to provide breaker fail protection if a trip has occurred and the fault condition has not been removed within the Bfail1 timer setting. The breaker fail timer, Bfail2 can be set from 0.05 to 2 seconds to provide breaker fail protection. If the digital input is used to detect the open/close status of a breaker and the input shows the breaker is open and the I1 current has not fallen below 10% of In trip signal will be generated. The breaker enable timer, Bena:xt, can be set from 0 to 600 seconds to provide capacitor bank re-switching protection when the digital input is set as a Breaker on, Bon, signal. This function may be disabled if desired.

When the OTHER variables have been set as desired, press the red ACCEPT button to revert back to the PARAMETER SETUP sub-menu.

4.6.3 The COMPENSATE functions


Compensation of the star point unbalance current, or the H CONFIGURATION unbalance currents, should only be done after the relevant capacitor bank or filter circuit is in service. The RLC Relay measures the fundamental frequency star point unbalance current or the H CONFIGURATION unbalance currents, depending on the mode settings. The natural unbalance currents (which flow as a result of normal capacitance tolerances) can be compensated, in magnitude and phase angle, to zero. This enables any further changes, in both magnitude and phase angle, Iub, from the initial uncompensated value, to be determined. After selecting and displaying the COMPENSATE function press the key to execute. At this point the compensation vector is displayed. When the unbalance current is uncompensated the compensation vector is the null vector as shown below:

comp. 0%

vector 0.0

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When the unbalance circuit is compensated the compensation vector is typically shown as:

comp. 2%

vector 32.3

After compensation, the compensation vector has the same magnitude as the initial measured fundamental frequency unbalance current at the instant of compensation, but has the opposite polarity (i.e. is 180 out of phase). Pressing the key then displays the calculated unbalance current either in absolute terms, (if uncompensated) or in relative terms, Iub, if compensated. Iub 2% 112.3 Compensate? No Pressing the or key toggles between No and Yes. When No is selected, pressing the red ACCEPT key again, reverts back to the PARAMETER SETUP sub-menu. If Yes is selected, pressing the red ACCEPT key again, executes the COMPENSATION function. Immediately after compensation Iub will always be the null vector. However, after compensation any subsequent change in capacitance will cause Iub to assume a non-zero magnitude and some phase angle ranging from 0 to 360. The magnitude of Iub is a measure of the change in capacitance in any leg of the double star or H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank arrangement. The phase angle of Iub indicates he leg in which the change in capacitance has occurred. (Refer to Fig. 17 to Fig. 20). Pressing the key again displays Uncompensate No Pressing the or key toggles between No and Yes.

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When No is selected, pressing the red ACCEPT key again reverts back to the PARAMETER SETUP sub-menu. If Yes is selected, pressing the red ACCEPT key again, executes the UNCOMPENSATE function and reverts to the previous Compensate? display.

4.7

ACCESS OUTPUT RELAY MENU (Optional Password Protection)


From the main menu, select the Access OUTPUT RELAY menu using the or key (Refer to Section 4.3). Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4). Pressing the or key now scrolls a cursor back or forward through a series of setting options and screens. At each cursor position, the user can select the relevant setting options to be 0 or 1, using the or key. These setting options are used to configure each of the output relays #1 to #5 in terms of: whether a software output signal is directed (select 1) or not directed (select 0) to output relays #1 to #5.

Example: Relay : I1>>trip #12345 11000 The I1>>trip software output signal is directed to operate relay #1 and #2

whether output relays #1 to #5 energize (select 1) or de-energize (select 0) to trip.

Example: Energise To trip #12345 11000 Output relay #1 and #2 energize to trip and relays #3 to #5 de-energize to trip

whether output relays #1 to #5 latch on tripping (Select 1), or are self-resetting (Select 0).

Example : Latch On trip #12345 11000 Output relay #1 and #2 latch on tripping, and relays #3 to #5 are self-resetting

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after setting all of the output relay options, pressing the key displays the relay checksums, calculated for the particular output relay settings selected for relays #1 to #5.

Example: Relay #2 Checksum 200002

For each possible configuration of output relay #1, #2, #3, #4, and #5 a unique 6 digit hexadecimal check sum is calculated by the RLC Relay as shown in Appendix 8 and Appendix 9. By comparing the check-sums calculated by the RLC Relay, with the correct checksums calculated by the user for the desired output relay configuration, the user can confirm that the relay has been configured correctly. After configuring the output relays and viewing the check-sums to verify that they have been configured correctly, press the red ACCEPT key to revert back to the main menu. The user will be presented with 3 choices: Resume Save Cancel

Press the or key to select one of the above. If Resume is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will return the relay to the set-up mode, to allow the user to further modify the set-up parameters. If Save is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will save the new settings and change the old settings to the new settings, and return to the main menu. If Cancel is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will abort and return to the main menu without saving the new settings or changing the old settings to the new settings (ie. the new settings will be discarded).

NOTE It should be noted that while the RLC Relay is in the set-up mode, all the protective functions are still active and thus full protection is still provided, using the previously saved set-up parameters.

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4.8

RUN DIAGNOSTIC TEST SEQUENCE


On application of auxiliary supply voltage, and at regular intervals during normal operation, the RLC Relay performs a number of diagnostic checks of the: EEPROM Calibration factors Configuration set-up EPROM RAM Processors

Any errors detected will cause the RLC Relay to suspend protective functions, de-energize the self-supervision relay and display an error message as detailed in Appendix 7. In addition, during commissioning, while in normal service, or in the test laboratory, a series of diagnostic tests may be performed by the user. These tests enable the user to check: The serial number The software version The production pre-test status The LCD screen The LEDs The digital input The output relays

It is deemed unnecessary to do a specific test of the RLC Relay keypad, because the operation of the keypad is implicitly checked by the user in performing this series of diagnostic tests. All protective functions are fully operational while performing the above series of diagnostic tests, except during the testing of the output relays.

NOTE Also, testing of the output relays while the RLC Relay is in normal service, with the associated circuit breaker energized, may cause the breaker to trip. This is because the output relays sequentially energize for 1 second during the output relay test.

Therefore, before performing the output relay test, the user is given the option to skip this test.

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From the main menu, select the Run DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence using the or keys (Refer to Section 4.3) then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4) Pressing the or key now scrolls through various diagnostic test screens as follows: Serial Number 97120045 Press the key

This screen enables the user to verify that the serial number embedded in the RLC Relay corresponds with that engraved on the fascia plate Press the key

Software Version 1.05 06-04-02

The first 3 digits indicate the software version number. The next 3 digits refer to changes made, to either the User Interface, the Protection software module, or the DSP code. Press the key

Pretest Code Passed

This screen shows the results of a series of factory tests by STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd prior to dispatch. The pre-test results are stored in EEPROM in the RLC Relay. If the above screen displays anything other than that shown above, this indicates a fault condition, and the RLC Relay should be returned at once to STRIKE. Technologies (Pty) Ltd.

gggggggggggggggg gggggggggggggggg

Press the key

This screen causes every pixel of the LCD display to operate, allowing the user to identify any faulty lines or segments on the LCD screen.

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Test: : LEDs (Check flashing)

Press the key

This screen enables the user to check that the LED indicators work by checking that they flash during this diagnostic test. Press the key

Test: : Input Input = OFF

This screen enables the user to check that the digital input is functional. When a voltage within the range 24 250 V ac/dc is applied to the digital input terminals, the above display should change from OFF to ON. Press the , , , key

Test Relays ? No CAUTION ! !

WARNING Performing the diagnostic test on the output relays, while the associated circuit breaker is energized may cause the circuit breaker to trip, with consequent system disruption. Therefore the greatest care should be exercised when performing this function under live conditions.
If the user wishes to skip the output relay test, simply press the or key to move back or forward through the other diagnostic tests. If the user wishes to perform the output relay tests, press the or key to toggle the No to Yes, then press the red ACCEPT key. A screen as shown below will be displayed:

Test Relay #1 No Press the or key to select the desired relay to test (relays #1 to #5).

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Then press the or key to toggle the No to Yes. Then press the red ACCEPT key. The selected output relay will then energize for 1 second. Press the or key to select the next relay to test. Repeat as above until all the relays have been tested. Then press the or key until the following screen is displayed: Return to MENU No Press the or key to toggle the No to Yes. Then press the red ACCEPT key. The first screen in the DIAGNOSTIC TEST MENU is now displayed again. Press the red ACCEPT key again to revert back to the main menu.

4.9 Browse TRIP HISTORY list


When the fault has been cleared after a trip event, a set of post-trip annunciation data is recorded in the TRIP HISTORY list. The TRIP HISTORY list records the post-trip annunciation data for the last 5 trip events, with No. 1 being the most recent. Refer to Section 5.5 for further details. From the main menu, select: Browse TRIP HISTORY list using the or keys (Refer to section 4.3). Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4). Pressing the or key now scrolls through the last 5 TRIP HISTORY lists. When the desired trip history (No. 1 to No. 5) is displayed, press the key to enter this list. Then press the or key to scroll through the post trip annunciation data for the particular TRIP HISTORY list selected.

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Then press the red ACCEPT key to revert back and enable the user to select another TRIP HISTORY. When all the desired TRIP HISTORY lists have been viewed, press the red ACCEPT key to revert back to the main menu.

4.10 Access SERIAL PORT options (Optional Password Protection)


From the main menu, select Access SERIAL PORT options using the or key (Refer to Section 4.3). Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4). Then press the or key to increment or decrement the baud rate of the SERIAL PORT as desired. Then press the red ACCEPT key to confirm the selected setting. The user will be presented with 3 choices: Resume Save Cancel

Press the or key to select one of the above. If Resume is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will return the relay to the set-up mode, to allow the user to further modify the set-up parameters. If Save is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will save the new settings and change the old settings to the new settings, and return to the main menu. If Cancel is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will abort and return to the main menu without saving the new settings or changing the old settings to the new settings (ie. the new settings will be discarded).

NOTE It should be noted that while the RLC Relay is in the set-up mode, all the protective functions are still active and thus full protection is still provided, using the previously saved set-up parameters.

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4.11 Access PASSWORD SETUP menu


This function is used to change the password code from the initial default password code (000000) on delivery, to a new user selectable password code. In addition this function is used to change the password code from when the user so wishes. In order to change the password code to a new password code, the user will have to know the existing password code, except when changing from the default password code, in which case the user may proceed directly. From the main menu, select Access PASSWORD SETUP menu using the or key (Refer to Section 4.3) Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4) The following screen will be displayed:

Old Password 000000 Press the or key to move the cursor, and press the or key to increment or decrement the selected digit. In this way the Old Password code is entered. When the correct Password code is displayed, press the red ACCEPT key to confirm. The following screen will be displayed:

New Password 000000

In a similar manner to that detailed above, set a New Password code. When the desired New Password code is displayed, press the red ACCEPT key to accept the New Password code. If an incorrect password is entered, pressing the red ACCEPT key will revert back to the main menu. The user now has the option to repeat this function.

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The user will be presented with 3 choices: Resume Save Cancel

Press the or key to select one of the above. If Resume is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will return the relay to the set-up mode, to allow the user to further modify the set-up parameters. If Save is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will save the new settings and change the old settings to the new settings, and return to the main menu. If Cancel is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will abort and return to the main menu without saving the new settings or changing the old settings to the new settings (ie. the new settings will be discarded).

NOTE It should be noted that while the RLC Relay is in the set-up mode, all the protective functions are still active and thus full protection is still provided, using the previously saved set-up parameters.

4.12 Access MODE SETUP selector


This function is used to select between Normal Mode and the H CONFIGURATION Mode. In general this selection will only be made once, during installation, to suit the application. On delivery the RLC Relay will be set to Normal Mode. When the mode is changed, the default normal running display changes, the compensation values reset, new DSP code is installed, all DSP start up values are reset, and the trip history list is cleared.

CAUTION Never change the mode of the RLC Relay while the relay is in service protecting a capacitor bank or filter circuit.

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All protective functions would be compromised and operation of the RLC Relay would be undefined for that particular installation because the default settings of the new mode could be irrelevant. The associated circuit breaker could trip which could cause severe system disruption. From the main menu, select Access MODE SETUP selector using the or key (Refer to Section 4.3) Then execute this function by pressing the key (Refer to Section 4.4). Then press the or key to select the desired mode. Then press the red ACCEPT key to confirm the selected mode. The user will be presented with 3 choices: Resume Save Cancel

Press the or key to select one of the above. If Resume is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will return the relay to the set-up mode, to allow the user to further modify the set-up parameters. If Save is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will save the new settings and change the old settings to the new settings, and return to the main menu. If Cancel is selected, then pressing the red ACCEPT key will abort and return to the main menu without saving the new settings or changing the old settings to the new settings (ie. the new settings will be discarded).

NOTE It should be noted that while the RLC Relay is in the set-up mode, all the protective functions are still active and thus full protection is still provided, using the previously saved set-up parameters.

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5 5.1

DISPLAY ANNUNCIATION AND SCREEN NAVIGATION INTRODUCTION


This section provides details of the display indications and annunciation provided on the RLC Relay during normal and fault conditions. These include: The LCD screen display during normal operation The LED indicators The LCD screen display during overload or fault conditions The LCD post trip fault annunciation and TRIP HISTORY screen displays

5.2

THE LCD SCREEN DISPLAYS DURING NORMAL OPERATION


After auxiliary power-up, and during normal operation, the LCD screen displays show the instantaneous values of various measured and calculated parameters of the RLC Relay. As delivered, the default LCD screen display during normal operation is the a, b & c phase peak repetitive capacitor voltage, vc.

Cap Voltage 82%

80%

vc 83%

The other LCD screen displays during normal operation may be accessed by pressing the , , , keys. This will scroll through the various other normal operation screen displays enabling the user to view the instantaneous values of the various measured and calculated parameters of the RLC Relay. If, after accessing any normal operation screen display, the , , , keys have not been pressed for a period of about 1 minute, the back lightning will switch off. The existing display becomes the Power-up default display. The various normal operation screen displays depend on the mode configured for the RLC Relay (i.e. Normal Mode or H CONFIGURATION MODE) and are shown hereafter:

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5.2.1 Normal Mode


TYPICAL NORMAL OPERATION SCREEN DISPLAY Phase a, b & c peak repetitive capacitor voltage, vc Press or key KEYPAD OPERATION

Cap voltage 82% 80%

vc 83%

Phase a, b & c fundamental frequency line currents, I1 Press or key

50Hz current 70% 71%

I1 69%

Phase a, b & c thermal line currents, Ith Press or key

Thermal 65% 68%

Ith 64%

Phase a, b & c rms line currents, Irms Press or key

RMS current 72% 74%

Irms 71%

Star point unbalance current and phase angle, Iub Press or key

Star unbalance 1% 60.0

or, if compensated Press or key

Star unbalance 1% 60.0

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Earth fault current, Io Press or key

Earth fault 0%

Io

Line unbalance current, Ilub Press or key

Line unbalance 1%

The phase peak maximum of the a, b & c repetitive capacitor overvoltage, vc, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

vc max vc>vcr

83% 90%

The phase peak maximum of the a, b & c fundamental frequency line currents, I1, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

I1 max I1>/In

71% 0.80

The phase peak maximum of the a, b & c thermal response line currents, Ith, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

Ith max Ith>/In

68% 70%

The star point unbalance current, Iub together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

Iub Iub>/In

1% 0.20

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The earth fault current, Io, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

Io Io>/In

0% 0.10

The line unbalance current, Ilub, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

Ilub Ilub>/In

1% 0.05

5.2.2 H CONFIGURATION MODE normal operation screen displays


Phase a, b & c unbalance currents, Iub. Press or key

aIub 1%

bIub 2%

cIub 1%

a Phase unbalance current and phase angle, aIu. Press or key

Unbalance 1%

aIub 0.0

b Phase unbalance current and phase angle, bIub. Press or key

Unbalance 2%

bIub 300.2

c Phase unbalance current and phase angle, cIub. Press or key

Unbalance 1%

cIub 60.4

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a Phase unbalance current, aIub, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

aIub aIub>/In

1% 0.20

b Phase unbalance current, bIub, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

bIub bIub>/In

2% 0.20

c Phase unbalance current, cIub, together with the associated low-set threshold. Press or key

cIub cIub>/In

1% 0.20

5.3

THE LED INDICATORS


The following three LED indicators are provided on the front panel of the RLC Relay: Green LED: POWER ON/HEALTHY This indicates that the auxiliary power supply is ON, and the self-supervision output relay is energized, indicating that the protection relay is healthy. Yellow LED: ALARM This indicates that one or more of the overcurrent starter software logic outputs of measuring elements 1,2 3 or 4 is high, and that the protection relay may trip if the fault condition persists. Red LED: TRIP This indicates that a trip condition has occurred that has not yet been acknowledged. Only when all the post trip fault annunciation screen displays have been acknowledged will this LED go off. (Refer to Appendix 1 : Trip session)

5.4

THE LCD SCREEN DISPLAY DURING OVERLOAD OR FAULT CONDITION


During an overload or fault condition the normal operation screens simply display the various measured and/or calculated parameters prevailing.

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5.5

THE LCD POST-TRIP FAULT ANNUNCIATION and TRIP HISTORY SCREEN DISPLAYS
POST-TRIP FAULT ANNUNCIATION SCREEN DISPLAYS The post-trip annunciation data for each trip event comprises up to 14 post-trip fault annunciation screens (for Normal Mode operation) or up to 6 post-trip fault annunciation screens (for H CONFIGURATION MODE operation). The set of post trip annunciation data for each trip event indicates which software trip signals were output during the trip event. The magnitude of parameter causing the corresponding software trip signal is recorded at the instant of output, as well as the time taken from the moment the relevant trip threshold was exceeded, until the software signal was output. In addition, in the case of the star-point or H CONFIGURATION MODE trip signals, the relevant phase angle of the unbalance current is recorded, to indicate in which leg of the capacitor bank, capacitor failure has occurred (Refer to Fig. 11 and 12). After a trip event, the first-up of the post-trip fault annunciation screens of the event is displayed on the LCD screen. Under normal circumstances, after a trip condition, an operator would investigate the trip condition, inspect the relevant RLC Relay, note and record the post trip annunciation screen display, and then acknowledge (i.e. reset) the relay post trip fault annunciation, by pressing the red ACCEPT key. At this point, the other trip conditions that may have occurred after the first-up trip condition, will be displayed. Again the user can acknowledge (i.e. reset) this indication, by pressing the red ACCEPT key. After all the post trip fault annunciation screens have been acknowledged, then the normal operation screen is displayed again. After investigating and rectifying the fault condition, the operator would normally only then re-energize the tripped circuit breaker, after which the normal operation screen would be displayed. If, however, the tripped circuit breaker is re-energized before the post trip fault annunciation screens have been acknowledged, then the post trip annunciation screens will continue to be displayed until they are acknowledged, as previously detailed, after which the normal operation screen, will be displayed. If a further fault condition were to occur, causing the circuit breaker to trip again, before the previous post trip fault annunciation screens have been acknowledged, then the previous fault trip annunciation data is replaced with the latest fault trip annunciation data.

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NOTE It is only possible to acknowledge a trip once the fault has been cleared, otherwise you will only be able to scroll through the post trip data.

TRIP HISTORY SCREEN DISPLAYS When the fault has been cleared after a trip event, a set of post-trip annunciation data is recorded in the TRIP HISTORY list. The TRIP HISTORY list records the post-trip annunciation data for the last 5 trip events, with No. 1 being the most recent. The complete TRIP HISTORY LIST comprising the post-trip annunciation data for the last 5 trip events can be accessed by the user with the RLC Relay in normal operation (Refer to Section 5.10). TYPICAL POST-TRIP FAULT ANNUNCIATION AND TRIP HISTORY DISPLAYS FOR NORMAL MODE

vc>trip

105% 1312s

Iub>trip 60.2

20% 10s

vc>>trip

542% 0.05s

Iub>>trip 60.2

40% 1s

I1>trip

110% 600s

Io>trip

11% 1s

I1>>trip

422% 0.05s

Io>>trip

82% 0.02s

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Ith>trip

125% 1810s

Ilub>>trip

5% 0.02s

Bfail

10% 0.10s

Ilub>>trip

8% 10s

TYPICAL POST-TRIP FAULT ANNUNCIATION AND TRIP HISTORY DISPLAYS FOR H CONFIGURATION MODE

aIub> 60.1

25% 10s

aIub>> 60.4

25% 1s

bIub> 120.0

24% 10s

bIub>> 121.0

40% 1s

cIub> 240.0

27% 10s

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6 6.1

INSTALLATION INTRODUCTION
This section provides details regarding unpacking, storage, handling, mounting, wiring and noise isolation of RLC Relays.

6.2

UNPACKING, STORAGE AND HANDLING


Upon receipt, the RLC Relay should be examined to ensure no obvious damage occurred during transit. Care must be taken when unpacking so that none of the parts are damaged. Check that the RLC Relay delivered corresponds with that ordered, particularly in respect of the rated auxiliary voltage. If the RLC Relay is not to be installed immediately upon receipt, it should be stored in a location free of dust and moisture in their original cartons. The allowable storage temperature range is -20C to +70C. The relays use components that are sensitive to electrostatic discharges. However, the electronic circuits are well protected by the fixed metal case of the RLC Relay. Therefore do not withdraw the draw-out chassis unnecessarily. However, when handling the draw-out module outside the fixed metal case, care should be taken to avoid contact with the electronic components and electrical connections. If removed from the case for storage and/or transport, the draw-out module should be placed in an anti-static bag. If it becomes necessary to withdraw the draw-out module, the following precautions should be taken: Before removing the draw-out module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment, by touching the fixed metal case. Handle the draw-out module by the metal fascia plate, frame or edges of the printed circuit boards. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit board tracks or connectors. If the equipment is to be passed to another person, first ensure you are both at the same electrostatic potential, such as, by shaking hands. Place the draw-out module on an anti-static surface, or on a conducting surface, which is at the same potential as you. Store or transport the draw-out module in an anti-static bag.

Further information on safe working procedures for electronic equipment can be found in the relevant national and international standards.

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6.3

MOUNTING
The RLC Relay can be mounted anywhere that meets the environmental specifications as detailed in Appendix 2, and in particular it should be mounted indoors, in a clean, dry atmosphere, out of direct sunlight, and free from excessive dust and vibration. Refer to Fig.3 for details of outline dimensions, cutout details and mounting holes.

CAUTION Heat producing devices must be located at sufficient distances to ensure that the maximum operating temperature of the RLC Relay is not exceeded. The RLC Relay is normally used as a flush mounted or 19 inch rack mounted instrument, for fitting on or within switchgear or relay panels. The relay should be mounted at a convenient height above floor level to facilitate optimum visibility and operator interaction.

CAUTION The mounting holes of the fixed metal casing of RLC Relay are accessible without removing the front cover and/or the draw-out module. Therefore it is strongly recommended that the draw-out module should remain protected by the fixed metal case during mounting and assembly of a RLC Relay into a panel or 19 inch rack (Refer to Section 6.2).

6.4

WIRING
All current transformer, auxiliary voltage, output relay and input signal wiring connects to a terminal block with 28 recessed terminals on the rear of the fixed casing. Standard screw terminals or fast-on connectors can be used on the terminal block for the external connections to the protection relay. Refer to Fig. 4 for a terminal and connection diagram showing terminal numbers.

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6.4.1 Auxiliary Power Supply


Connect the auxiliary power supply to terminals 5 and 7.

NOTE The auxiliary power supply is not polarity sensitive and can accept ac or dc input voltages.

CAUTION Check carefully, before energizing, that the auxiliary voltage is correct, and falls within the range indicated on the RLC Relay.

Refer to Fig. 9 to Fig. 16 for typical application drawings. Refer also to the connection diagram of Fig. 4.

WARNING Ensure that the auxiliary supply to the RLC Relay is adequately protected by means of fuses or miniature circuit breakers to suit the fault level and wire size used. High rupturing capacity fuses (2A) are recommended.

6.4.2 Current Transformer Circuits


Connect the current transformer connections for elements 1, 2, 3 and 4 to terminals 21 and 22, 23 and 24, 25 and 26 and 27 and 28, respectively. Refer to Fig. 9 to Fig. 16 for typical application drawings. Refer also to the connection diagram of Fig. 4.

CAUTION One side of each CT circuit should be earthed, and multiple earth connections and earth loops should be avoided.

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CAUTION Check carefully, before applying current transformer inputs, that the current transformer rated currents are correct and correspond with the nominal rated currents of the relevant measuring elements. Refer to Section 3.5 for details on how to configure the nominal rated current of an element for 1A or 5A.

Refer to Appendix 3 for the acceptable current range, the short-time overcurrent, and the VA burden of the measuring elements.

WARNING Extremely hazardous voltages can appear across the CT secondaries if the CT secondary current is open circuited. Do not attempt to connect, disconnect, service or insert other devices in the CT secondary current loops without positively switching off the primary circuit, and thus ensuring that the secondary current is zero.

The draw-out module of a RLC Relay may be safely withdrawn on-load, because withdrawing the draw-out module automatically short circuits the current transformer terminals, and prevents the possibility of CT open circuits during the process.

6.4.3 Output Relay Circuits


Connect the applicable output relay circuits to the terminals of output relays #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, and #6. Refer to Fig. 9 to Fig. 16 for typical application drawings. Refer also to the connection diagrams of Fig. 4.

CAUTION Check carefully before applying voltage to the output relay contacts that the loads and voltages to be applied are within the ratings of the relay contacts. Refer to Appendix 3 for the continuous thermal rating, the short time current rating, the making capacity, the breaking capacity, the maximum switching voltage and the maximum switching current of the output relays.

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WARNING Ensure that the voltages applied to the output relay contacts are adequately protected by means of fuses or miniature circuit breakers to suit the fault-level, wire size and contact rating.

6.4.4 Digital Input


If applicable, connect the digital input circuits to terminal numbers 9 and 11. Refer to Fig. 9 to Fig. 16 for typical application drawings. Refer to the connection diagrams of Fig. 4. The digital input terminals can accept ac or dc input voltages and are not polarity sensitive.

CAUTION Check carefully before applying voltage to the blocking input terminals that the voltage applied is correct and falls within the range detailed in Appendix 3.

WARNING Ensure that the voltage applied to the blocking input is adequately protected by means of fuses or miniature circuit breakers to suit the fault level and wire size used. High rupturing capacity fuses (2A) are recommended.

6.4.5 Earth Connection


It is recommended that a 4mm earth conductor be installed from the RLC Relay earth terminal to the panel earth bar. In addition, ensure that the panel is properly earthed in accordance with local regulations.

CAUTION In order for the RLC Relay not to be adversely affected by surges, transients and other electrical and electro-magnetic noise, it is essential that the relay is properly earthed as detailed above.

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WARNING For personnel safety it is essential that the RLC Relay is properly earthed as detailed above.

6.5 NOISE ISOLATION


Refer to Section 6.4.5. When properly connected and earthed, RLC Relays are highly tolerant of electrical and electro-magnetic noise. Refer to Appendix 2 for the withstand ability. However, as with other micro-processor based measurement and protection equipment, the RLC Relay must be installed, wired and located with some degree of concern for electrical and electro-magnetic noise which could cause erratic operation. The relay should be wired, mounted and isolated from sources of potential noise and disturbances in excess of those prescribed in Appendix 2. In extreme cases this may require that filters or surge suppressors be applied to electro-magnetic devices operating in close proximity to the RLC Relay. To avoid possible problems from electrical and electro-magnetic noise and disturbances, or if specific problems are experienced in this regard, obtain specialist advice regarding counter measures and solutions.

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7 7.1

STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTIONS FOR INSTALLING, CONFIGURING, TESTING AND PUTTING INTO SERVICE INTRODUCTION
This section provides step-by-step instructions for installing, configuration, testing and putting into service the RLC Relay. Please refer to the relevant sections of this manual for further details.

7.2

STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTIONS
1. Unpack the relay, and check for obvious damage. Check that the type supplied corresponds with that ordered, especially in respect of auxiliary voltage. If the nominal rated current of any measuring element is to be changed from the default value of 5A to 1A to suit the application, remove the front cover of the relay, withdraw the draw-out module and reconfigure the appropriate elements. Ensure that the rating plate details of the RLC Relay reflect the nominal rated currents of each element. 3. If the contact form (normally open or normally closed) of any of output relays #1, #2, #3, #4, #5 or #6 is to be changed from the default settings of normally open to normally closed, withdraw the draw-out module and reconfigure the appropriate contacts. Insert the draw-out module back into the fixed casing and affix the front cover of the relay. Mount the RLC Relay within a cut-out on the switchgear or relay panel, or within an appropriate 19 inch rack. Ensure that the fixed housing is securely screwed to the panel or 19 inch rack, using the mounting holes on the fixed housing. These are accessible from the front without removing the front cover of the relay. 6. 7. Wire the auxiliary power supply to the relay, (Do not apply voltage yet). Wire the current transformer circuits to the relay. (Do not apply current to the inputs yet.) Wire the appropriate output relay circuits to suit the application. (Do not apply voltage yet.) If applicable, wire the digital input circuits. (Do not apply voltage yet.)

2.

4.

5.

8.

9.

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10.

Measure the auxiliary power supply voltage, the voltages for the output relays and the voltage for the digital input. Confirm that these voltages are correct and within the acceptable range in accordance with the RLC Relay specifications. Only then apply these voltages to the RLC Relay. Measure the voltages at the terminals of the RLC Relay to confirm that the voltages at the relay terminals are correct. Check that with auxiliary power applied, the self-supervision relay #6 is energized and that its contacts are in the correct state.

11.

Check that the LCD screen of the RLC Relay is displaying the normal operation screen display, that the green POWER ON / HEALTHY LED is ON, and that the red ALARM and TRIP LEDs are off. Access the main menu. If the RLC Relay is to be used in the H CONFIGURATION MODE access the MODE SELECTION function and select this mode (the default mode on delivery is the NORMAL MODE). If the RLC Relay is to be configured for NORMAL mode: Configure the parameter settings for elements 1,2 and 3 to suit the application. Configure the parameter settings for element 4, to suit the application. Configure the parameter settings for element 5 to suit the application. Configure the OTHER settings to suit the application. ALTERNATIVELY If the RLC Relay is to be configured for the H CONFIGURATION MODE. Configure the parameter settings for elements 2, 3 and 4 to suit the application.

12. 13.

14.

15. 16. 17.

Save the parameter settings configured. From the main menu, access the OUTPUT RELAY SETUP function. Configure the functionality of output relays #1, #2, #3, #4, and #5 to suit the application. Check that the output relay check-sums are correct for the desired output relay configuration.

18.

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19.

Save the output relay functionality configured.

20.

From the main menu, access the DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence, and execute the diagnostic test. Confirm that all diagnostic tests produce satisfactory results. From the main menu, access the SERIAL PORT options, and select the appropriate baud rate for the serial port. Save the baud rate setting. Revert back to the normal running screen displays. Perform primary or secondary injection tests, to inject current into the secondary circuits and the RLC Relay current input terminals. Confirm that the normal running parameters displayed are correct, and that the protective functions are operational. Perform any other relevant commissioning checks and tests. Once any other commissioning tests associated with the complete installation are completed, and the associated circuit breaker is energized, check that the parameters displayed on the normal running screen are sensible and correct. Compensate the unbalance currents. Document all the commissioning tests and the RLC Relay settings carefully by filling in the Commissioning Test Record of Appendix 5.

21.

22. 23. 24.

25.

26. 27.

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28.

Whilst a RLC Relay is in service, the following functions may be performed on line: The normal operation screen displays may be accessed. The main menu may be accessed. The parameter set up menu may be accessed and any setting variables viewed or modified. The unbalance currents may be uncompensated or re-compensated. The output relay menu may be accessed and the configuration of any output relay may be viewed or modified. The diagnostic test sequence may be run. The trip history list may be browsed. The password set-up menu may be accessed in order to modify the password code.

CAUTION Performing any changes to element variable or other settings, changes to output relay configurations, or running the diagnostic test sequence to test the output relays, may cause the associated circuit breaker to trip. This could cause serious system disruption. Therefore the greatest care should be exercised when performing these functions on-line, and the user should have a thorough knowledge of this entire manual as well as the particular application and system. Never change the mode of the RLC Relay while the relay is in service protecting a capacitor bank or filter circuit. All protective functions would be compromised and operation of the RLC Relay would be undefined for that particular installation because the default settings of the new mode could be irrelevant. The associated circuit breaker could trip which could cause severe system disruption.

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TROUBLE SHOOTING
Before attempting to trouble-shoot the equipment, the user should thoroughly understand this entire manual, and should have a prior knowledge of power system protection, power system measurements, and power system safety procedures. The user should study carefully the applicable sections of this manual, taking particular note of WARNINGS, CAUTIONS and NOTES included for personnel and equipment protection. For trouble-shooting and commissioning, the following equipment is required: Digital multimeter with clip-on current tong for measuring 1A or 5A current transformer secondaries. A single phase primary or secondary injection test set to enable injection of the CT nominal rated secondary currents into the RLC Relay measuring elements.

Due to the nature of the RLC Relay, it is not recommended that the user should attempt repairs other than the removal and replacement of the draw-out unit which houses all electrical and electronic parts. If erroneous, inconsistent or nonsensical data is displayed on the RLC Relay, or if erratic faulty operation is experienced by the user, check the various points listed on the Fault Report Check List of Appendix 6. If the user has performed all the above checks, and is satisfied that no external or setting-up problems exist which are causing the problems experienced, then return the RLC Relay to STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd together with the Fault Report of Appendix 6, documenting the results of the Fault Report Check List, the details of the problem experienced, the RLC Relay front plate details, configuration set-up details, installation details, etc. The user may elect to withdraw the draw-out unit from the fixed case and send this to STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd for checking, repair, testing and calibration. In this case attention should be paid to the handling requirements, as detailed in Section 6.2.

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FIGURE 1: FRONT VIEW AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS

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FIGURE 2: REAR VIEW AND IDENTIFICATION OF EXTERNAL COMPONENTS

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FIGURE 3: DIMENSIOINS AND CUTOUT DETAILS

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FIGURE 4: TERMINAL AND CONNECTION DIAGRAM

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FIGURE 5: ELEMENT RATED CURRENT CONFIGURATION DIAGRAM

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FIGURE 6: OUTPUT RELAY CONTACT FORM CONFIGURATION DIAGRAM

FIGURE 7: PEAK REPETITIVE OVERVOLTAGE vs TIME TRIP CURVES

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

C I S N A

U N I O P E V R

T S

5 . 2

5 . 1

/ > c V

5 . 1 = : r c v

v / > c V

9 0 5 2 . 1 = : r c v

1 0 1

0 0 1

m i1 T ) s ( e 0 1

2 0 1

3 0 1 / > c V

8 . 0 = : r c v

2 .5

vc/vcr (p u )

V C > /V C R = 1 .5 1 .5 V C > /V C R = 1 .2 5 V C > /V C R = 1 .1 1


-1 0 1 2 3

V C > /V C R = 1 .0 V C > /V C R = 0 .9 V C > /V C R = 0 .8 10 10 10 Tim e (s) 10 10

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FIGURE 8: THERMAL OVERLOAD VS TRIP TIME CURVE FOR VARIOUS PRIOR THERMAL LOADING CONDITIONS

2.5 (seconds)

=1
Trip times for

1.5

0.5

Prior Thermal Loading: 0,0 . Ith>

0 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

0,70 . Ith> 0,80 . Ith> 0,85 . Ith> 0,90 . Ith> 0,95 . Ith>

3.5

Overload current : I / Ith> (pu)

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FIGURE 9: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 1 - PROTECTION OF A SINGLE STAR OR DELTA CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS

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FIGURE 10: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 2 - PROTECTION OF A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS

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FIGURE 11: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 3: PROTECTION OF AN H CONFIGURATION SINGLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK, WITH SERIES DAMPING OR FILTER REACTORS

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FIGURE 12: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 4 - PROTECTION OF A HIGH PASS FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED CAPACITOR BANK

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FIGURE 13: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 5 - PROTECTION OF A C TYPE HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR CONNECTED MAIN CAPACITOR BANK, A FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY TUNING SUBSIDIARY CAPACITOR BANK, FILTER REACTORS AND FILTER RESISTORS

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FIGURE 14: APPLICATION EXAMPLE 6 - PROTECTION OF A C TYPE HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH AN H CONFIGURATION MAIN CAPACITOR BANK, A FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY TUNING SUBSIDIARY CAPACITOR BANK, AND STAR CONNECTED FILTER REACTORS AND RESISTORS

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FIGURE 15: TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR THE PROTECTION OF A SERIES TUNED HARMONIC FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A DOUBLE STAR

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FIGURE 16: TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM FOR THE PROTECTION OF AN H CONFIGURATION MODE CAPACITOR BANK WITH DAMPING REACTORS

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FIGURE 17: ELEMENT FAILURE ON INTERNALLY OR EXTERNALLY FUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (DOUBLE STAR)

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FIGURE 18: ELEMENT FAILURE ON UNFUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (DOUBLE STAR)

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FIGURE 19: ELEMENT FAILURE ON INTERNALLY OR EXTERNALLY FUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (H CONFIGURATION)

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FIGURE 20: ELEMENT FAILURE ON UNFUSED CAPACITOR UNITS (H CONFIGURATION)

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FIGURE 21: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENTS 1, 2 AND 3 (NORMAL MODE)

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FIGURE 22: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENT 4 (NORMAL MODE)

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FIGURE 23: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENT 5 (NORMAL MODE)

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FIGURE 24: LOGIC DIAGRAM FOR ELEMENTS 2, 3 AND 4 (H CONFIGURATION MODE)

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FIGURE 25: EFFECT OF PEAK REPETITIVE OVER VOLTAGE RESET TIMER, vc>reset:xt, DURING INTERMITTANT PEAK REPETITIVE OVER VOLTAGES

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FIGURE 26: CONFIGURATION OF OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5 (NORMAL MODE)

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FIGURE 27: CONFIGURATION OF OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5 (H CONFIGURATION MODE)

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APPENDIX 1: NOMENCLATURE AND DEFINITIONS SYMBOL


1: 2: 3: 4: 5: Icr In Icr/In

DEFINITION
Element 1 Element 2 Element 3 Element 4 Element 5 The capacitor rated current. The current transformer nominal primary current. The capacitor rated current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The calculated capacitor peak repetitive voltage. The capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. The calculated capacitor peak repetitive voltage per unit of capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. The capacitor continuous peak repetitive withstand ability threshold. The capacitor continuous peak repetitive withstand ability threshold per unit of capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. Reset timer for overvoltage vc>/vcr timer The capacitor peak repetitive highset overvoltage threshold. The capacitor peak repetitive highset overvoltage threshold per unit of capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the capacitor highset overvoltage threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated capacitor peak repetitive voltage has exceeded the capacitor continuous peak repetitive voltage withstand ability threshold, and that the associated inverse timer is timing out.

vc vcr vc/vcr

vc> vc>/vcr

vc>reset vc>> vc>>/vcr

vc>>:xt

vc>start

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vc>trip

A software output signal indicating that the inverse timer associated with the capacitor continuous peak repetitive voltage withstand ability threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the capacitor peak repetitive highset overvoltage threshold has timed out. The calculated rms heating current. The rms heating current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The heating / cooling time constant for the calculation of the thermal response to the rms heating current. The calculated thermal current response to the rms heating current. The thermal response to the rms heating current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The thermal response overcurrent threshold. The thermal response overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. A software output signal indicating that the calculated rms heating current has exceeded the thermal response overcurrent threshold, and that in due course the calculated thermal response will exceed the thermal response overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated thermal response has exceeded the thermal response overcurrent threshold. The calculated fundamental frequency rms current. The calculated fundamental frequency rms current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The low set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold. The low set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold.

vc>>trip

Irms Irms/In

Ith Ith/In

Ith> Ith>/In

Ith>start

Ith>trip

I1 I1/In

I1> I1>/In

I1>:xt

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I1>> I1>>/In

The high set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold. The high set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated fundamental frequency rms current has exceeded the low set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold, and that the associated definite timer is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated uncompensated fundamental frequency rms star point unbalance current. The calculated uncompensated fundamental frequency rms star point unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The low set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold. The low set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold. The high set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold. The high set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated fundamental frequency rms star point unbalance current has exceeded the low set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold, and that the associated definite timer is timing out.

I1>>:xt

I1>start

I1>trip

I1>> trip

Iub

Iub/In

Iub> Iub>/In

Iub>:xt

Iub>> Iub>>/In

Iub>>:xt

Iub>start

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Iub>trip

A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency star point unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated compensated fundamental frequency rms star point unbalance current, i.e. the change in fundamental frequency rms current from the initial uncompensated fundamental frequency rms current at the instant of compensation. The calculated compensated fundamental frequency rms star point unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The calculated fundamental frequency line unbalance current. The calculated fundamental frequency line unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The low set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. The low set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. The high set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. The high set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated fundamental frequency line unbalance current has exceeded the low set fundamental frequency line unbalance overcurrent threshold, and that the associated definite timer is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency line unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out.

Iub>>trip

Iub

Iub/In
Ilub Ilub/In

Ilub> Ilub>/In

Ilub>:xt

Ilub>> Ilub>>/In

Ilub>>:xt

Ilub>start

Ilub>trip

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Ilub>>trip

A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency line unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated fundamental frequency earth fault current. The calculated fundamental frequency earth fault current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The low set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold. The low set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold. The high set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold. The high set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated fundamental frequency earth fault current has exceeded the low set fundamental frequency earth fault overcurrent threshold, and that the associated definite timer is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the low set fundamental frequency earth fault overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the definite timer associated with the high set fundamental frequency earth fault overcurrent threshold has timed out. The fundamental frequency undercurrent threshold. The fundamental frequency undercurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the fundamental frequency undercurrent threshold.

Io Io/In

Io> Io>/In

Io>:xt

Io>> Io>>/In

Io>>:xt

Io>start

Io>trip

Io>>trip

I1< I1</In

I1<:xt

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I1<trip

A software output signal indicating that while the circuit breaker feeding the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit was on, the fundamental frequency current dripped below the undercurrent threshold for a definite time, indicating a loss of supply voltage. An input signal indicating that the circuit breaker controlling the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit is on. A software output signal indicating that when a trip occurred, the fundamental frequency current remained above the undercurrent threshold for a definite time, indicating the failure of the circuit breaker to interrupt the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit current. A software output signal indicating that while the circuit breaker feeding the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit was off, the fundamental frequency current remained above the undercurrent threshold for a definite time, indicating the failure of the circuit breaker to interrupt the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit current. A software output signal that can be used to inhibit the switching on of the circuit breaker controlling the capacitor bank / harmonic filter circuit for a definite time after the circuit breaker switches off, to allow the capacitor bank to discharge before re-energization. This signal is normally at logic 1 (high), goes to logic 0 (low) when the circuit breaker switches off, and reverts to logic 1 (high) a definite time (typically set as 5 minutes) thereafter. The time multiplier for the definite timer associated with Bena logic. This timer is also referred to as the capacitor bank discharge timer. The calculated a phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current. The calculated a phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The a phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The a phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The a phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the a phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold.

Bon

Bfail1

Bfail2

Bena

Bena:xt

aIub

aIub/In

aIub>

aIub>/In

aIub>:xt

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aIub>>

The a phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The a phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The a phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the a phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated a phase fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current has exceeded the a phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold, and that the definite timer associated with the a phase is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the a phase definite timer associated with the a phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the a phase definite timer associated with the a phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated a phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current, i.e. the change in a phase fundamental frequency rms current from the initial a phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms current at the instant of compensation. The calculated a phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The calculated b phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current. The calculated b phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The b phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The b phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current.

aIub>>/In

aIub>>:xt

aIub>start

aIub>trip

aIub>>trip

aIub

aIub/In

bIub

bIub/In

bIub>

bIub>/In

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bIub>:xt

The b phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the b phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The b phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The b phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The b phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the b phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated b phase fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current has exceeded the b phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold, and that the associated b phase definite timer is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the b phase definite timer associated with the b phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the b phase definite timer associated with the b phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated b phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current, i.e. the change in b phase fundamental frequency rms current from the initial b phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms current at the instant of compensation. The calculated b phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The calculated c phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current. The calculated c phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The c phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold.

bIub>>

bIub>>/In

bIub>>:xt

bIub>start

bIub>trip

bIub>>trip

bIub

bIub/In

cIub

cIub/In

cIub>

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cIub>/In

The c phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The c phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the c phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The c phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. The c phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. The c phase time multiplier for the definite timer associated with the c phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold. A software output signal indicating that the calculated c phase fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current has exceeded the c phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold, and that the associated b phase definite timer is timing out. A software output signal indicating that the c phase definite timer associated with the c phase low set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. A software output signal indicating that the c phase definite timer associated with the c phase high set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance overcurrent threshold has timed out. The calculated c phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current, i.e. the change in c phase fundamental frequency rms current from the initial c phase uncompensated fundamental frequency rms current at the instant of compensation. The calculated c phase compensated fundamental frequency rms H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current per unit of current transformer nominal primary current. A trip session starts from the first active trip condition until the last trip condition has been cleared. The visible observation of this session is defined by the time when the trip LED lights up to the time when the alarm LED goes off. During this time the red ACCEPT key may be used to scroll through the different trips, but will not acknowledge any trip events that may have occured.

cIub>:xt

cIub>>

cIub>>/In

cIub>>:xt

cIub>start

cIub>trip

cIub>>trip

cIub

cIub/In

Trip session

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APPENDIX 2: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS


Applicable standard Operating temperature Storage temperature range Humidity Enclosure degree of protection Shock and bump IEC 255 -10 to +55C to IEC 68-2-2 -20 to +70C to IEC 68-2-2 4 days, 95% RH, with temperature cycled between +25C and + 45C, to IEC 68-2-3 IP50 (dust protected) to IEC 529 Shock: 15G, 3 pulses per direction, per axis. (total 18 times). Bump : 10G, 1000 pulses per direction, per axis (total 6000 times). To IEC 255-21-2 9,8ms (1G) constant frequency from 10 to 500 Hz per axis. To IEC 255-21-1 2kV rms 50Hz for 1 minute, from all terminals to case (earth), and between terminals of independent circuits. 1,5 kV rms across open contacts of output relays. To IEC 255-5 5kV peak, 1,2/50s waveshape, 0,5J energy content, 10 shots in each polarity, between all terminals and case (earth), and between terminals of independent circuits. To IEC 255-5 50M minimum at 500V dc, to IEC 255-5 2,5kV peak between independent circuits, and to case (earth). 1kV peak across terminals of the same circuit. To IEC 255-22-1 8kV discharge in air with cover in place. 4kV point contact discharge with cover removed. To IEC 255-22-2 Class 3 (2kV). To IEC 255-22-4 10V/m from 27 to 500Mhz, to IEC 255-22-3 To ENV 50141

Vibration Power frequency voltage withstand

Impulse voltage withstand

Insulation resistance Immunity to high frequency disturbances (1MHz burst disturbance test) Immunity to electrostatic discharges (Electrostatic discharge test) Immunity to fast transient bursts (Fast transient burst test) Immunity to high frequency electromagnetic fields Conducted disturbances induced by radio-frequency fields immunity test Immunity to high frequency electromagnetic field (Pulse modulated, simulation of the effect of cell phones) Conducted emissions Radiated emissions Nett Mass Overall RLC Relay dimensions

To ENV 50204

To EN 50081-2, from 150kHz to 30MHz. To EN 50081-2, from 30kHz to 1000MHz. 3.1kg 103(w) x 177(h) x 248(d)

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APPENDIX 3: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Measuring elements Quantity Nominal rated current, In Continuous current Short time current Burden 1A Burden 5A Nominal rated voltage, Vx Operative range (dc) Operative range (ac) Burden with dc supply Burden with ac supply Quantity Contact form (per relay) Load Rated load Rated carry current Max. operating voltage Max. operating current Max. switching power Min. permissible load Quantity Function Isolation Type Response time Quantity Function Type Quantity Type Screen Size Character height Quantity Type Function 4 1A / 5A 3A / 15A 100A for 1s/300A for 1s <50m <20m 30 - 250V ac/dc 24 - 300V dc 40 - 250V ac <14W with all relays and back-light ON <24VA with all relays and back-light ON Alarm/trip relays: 5 Self-supervision relay: 1 1 changeover contact (form C), user configurable as N/O or N/C Inductive load: Resistive load: (cos = 0,4 L/R = 7 ms) (cos = 1) 5A at 250 VAC: 3,5A at 250 VAC: 5A at 30 VDC 2,5A at 30 VDC 5A 380VAC, 125 VDC 5A 1,250 VA, 150W 875 VA, 75W 100mA at 5 VDC 1 Circuit breaker ON/OFF signal, via breaker auxiliary contact. Optically isolated 24 250V ac/dc voltage input 10ms 5 , , , , and ACCEPT (red) Miniature spring loaded manual pushbuttons 1 Back-lit Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), with full alphanumeric character set 16 character x 2 line 4mm 3 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Green : POWER ON / HEALTHY Yellow : ALARM Red : TRIP 1 Optically isolated RS232 or RS485

Auxiliary power supply

Output relays

Digital input channel

Pushbuttons

Display

Indicators

Serial data port

Quantity Isolation Type

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

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Protection

Normal Functions

Peak repetitive overvoltage protection Thermal overcurrent protection Fundamental frequency star point unbalance protection Fundamental frequency line current unbalance protection Fundamental frequency overvoltage and overcurrent protection Fundamental frequency undercurrent protection Breaker fail protection Discharge timer protection Fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION capacitor bank unbalance protection

H CONFIGURATION Functions

Parameter I1, Ilub Io Iub Iub vc Ith

Level 0.25In to 10In 0.05In to 10In 0.1In to 2In 0.1In to 2In 0.25Vn to 10Vn 0.25In to 10In 1fn to 5fn 5fn to 25fn

ACCURACY Measurement error (25C) 2% 3% 2% 2 2% +2% +5%

Trip time error 2% + (10 to 40)ms 3% + (10 to 40)ms 2% + (10 to 40)ms 660ms 4% + (10 to 40)ms 5% + 1s

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APPENDIX 4: SETTABLE PARAMETERS AND SETTING RANGES


PARAMETER
Icr/In vc>/vcr vc>>/vcr vc>>:xt vc>reset:xt Ith>/In

DESCRIPTION
The capacitor rated current per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current, The low-set peak repetitive voltage threshold per unit of capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. The high-set peak repetitive voltage threshold per unit of capacitor rated peak repetitive voltage. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the high-set peak repetitive voltage threshold. Reset timer for overvoltage vc>/vcr timer The thermal response overcurrent threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The heating / cooling time constant (in seconds) for the calculation of the thermal current response to the rms heating current The low-set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the low-set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold. The high-set fundamental frequency overcurrent threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the high-set fundamental frequency undercurrent threshold. The low-set fundamental frequency undercurrent threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the low-set fundamental frequency star point unbalance current threshold. The low-set fundamental frequency star point unbalance current threshold, per unit of star point unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the low-set fundamental frequency star point unbalance current threshold. The high-set fundamental frequency star point unbalance current threshold, per unit of star point unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the high-set fundamental frequency star point unbalance current threshold. The low-set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the low-set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold.

SETTING RANGE
0,25 to 1,50 0,80 to 1,50 0,80 to 1,50 1,6 to 10,0 0,00 to 1,00 1,1 to 10,0 1 to 60 0,25 to 1,50 6 to 120 130 to 7200 0,25 to 1,50

SETTING RESOLUTION
0,01 0,01 0,01 0,1 0,01 0,1 1 0,01 1 10 0,01

I1>/In

I1>:xt I1>>/In

1 to 120 130 to 1200 0,5 to 10,0

1 10 0,1

I1>>:xt I1</In

0,00 to 1,00 1,1 to 10,0 0,10 to 1,00

0,01 0,1 0,01

I1<:xt

0,1 to 10,0

0,1

Iub>/In

0,05 to 1,00

0,01

Iub>:xt

0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,05 to 2,00

0,1 1 0,01

Iub>>/In

Iub>>:xt

0,0 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,05 to 1,00

0,1 1 0,01

Io>/In

Io>:xt

0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60

0,01 1

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Io>>/In

Io>>:xt

Ilub>/In

Ilub>:xt

Ilub>>/In

Ilub>>:xt

Bfail1:xt

Bfail2:xt Bena:xt Bon

The high-set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the high-set fundamental frequency earth fault current threshold. The low-set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the low-set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. The high-set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold per unit of line current transformer nominal primary current. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the high-set fundamental frequency line unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the breaker fail detection after a trip, in the event that the fault has not been cleared by the breaker. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the breaker fail detection and the Bon input signal. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the breaker enable / capacitor bank discharge timer logic. Multi-function opto-isolated digital input

0,05 to 1,00 1,1 to 10,0 0,0 to 10,0

0,01 0,1 0,1

0,05 to 1,00

0,01

0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,01 to 1,00

0,1 1 0,01

0,0 to 10,0

0,1 1 0,01

0,05 to 2,0

0,05 to 2,0 1 to 60 70 to 600 Breaker-Bon OR Remote Reset OR Disabled 0,05 to 1,00

0,01 1 10

aIub>/In

bIub>/In

cIub>/In

aIub>>/In

bIub>>/In

cIub>>/In

The a phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The b phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The c phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The a phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The b phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current. The c phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold per unit of unbalance current transformer nominal primary current.

0,01

0,05 to 1,00

0,01

0,05 to 1,00

0,01

0,05 to 2,00

0,01

0,05 to 2,00

0,01

0,05 to 2,00

0,01

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aIub>:xt

The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the a phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the b phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the c phase low-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the a phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the b phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold. The definite timer setting (in seconds) associated with the c phase high-set fundamental frequency H CONFIGURATION MODE unbalance current threshold.

0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60

0,1 1

bIub>:xt

0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,1 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,0 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,0 to 10,0 11 to 60 0,0 to 10,0 11 to 60

0,1 1 0,1 1 0,1 1 0,1 1 0,1 1

cIub>:xt

aIub>>:xt

bIub>>:xt

cIub>>:xt

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APPENDIX 5: COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD


SITE: End User Address/Site Substation, Switchboard and Circuit: ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Contact : Phone : Phone : Fax : E-Mail : ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ Contact Phone Phone Fax E-Mail : : : : : _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________

Element Ratio Burden Class Voltage

1 ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

CT DETAILS: 2 ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

3 ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

4 ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

Name : Signature : Company : Phone : Fax : Date :

COMMISSIONED BY: ________________________________ Address : ________________________________ ______________________________________________ ________________________________ ______________________________________________ ________________________________ ______________________________________________ ________________________________ ______________________________________________ ________________________________ ______________________________________________

Model Version Serial Number Rated current, In Rated frequency, fn Auxiliary voltage

: : : 1: 2: : :

RLC FRONT PLATE INFORMATION: ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _____________ A 3: ____________ A _____________ A 4: ____________ A _________________________________ Hz _________________________________ V

RLC CONFIGURATION SETTINGS HARDWARE: Element Nominal Rated Current configuration (1A/5A): Element 1: _____________________ A Element 3: _____________________ Element 2: _____________________ A Element 4: _____________________ Output Relay Contact Form configuration (NO/NC) in auxiliary power off condition: Relay #1: _____________________ Relay #4: Relay #2: _____________________ Relay #5: Relay #3: _____________________ Relay #6:

A A

_____________________ _____________________ _____________________

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RLC RELAY CONFIGURATION SETTINGS SOFTWARE: NORMAL MODE: Element 4: Iub>/In ___________ Iub>:xt ___________ Iub>>/In ___________ Iub>>:xt ___________

Elements 1, 2 and 3: Icr/In ___________ vc>/vcr ___________ vc>>/vcr ___________ vc>>:xt ___________ vc>reset:xt ___________ Ith>/In ___________ Element 5: ___________ Io>/In ___________ Io>:xt I1>In ___________ Io>>/In I1>:xt ___________ Io>>:xt I1>>/In ___________ Ilub/In I1>>:xt ___________ Ilub:xt I1</In ___________ Ilub/In I1<:xt ___________ Ilub:xt Bfail1:xt ___________ Bfail2:xt ___________ Bena:xt Function selected for digital input :

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

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Software outputs directed to output relays: Relay # vc>start vc>trip vc>>trip I1>start I1>trip I1>>trip Ith>start Ith>trip I1<trip Iub>start Iub>trip Iub>>trip Io>start Io>trip Io>>trip Ilub>start Ilub>trip Ilub>>trip Bfail1 Bfail2 Bena Energize to trip Latch on trip Relay Checksums 1 _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 2 _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 3 _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 4 _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 5 _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________

_________ _________ _________ _________ _________

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H-CONFIGURATION MODE Elements 2, 3 and 4 aIub>In ___________ bIub>/In ___________ aIub>:xt ___________ bIub>:xt ___________ aIub>>/In ___________ bIub>>/In ___________ aIub>>:xt ___________ bIub>>:xt ___________ Software outputs directed to output relays Relay # 1 2 3 aIub>start __________ __________ __________ aIub>trip __________ __________ __________ aIub>>trip __________ __________ __________ bIub>start __________ __________ __________ bIub>trip __________ __________ __________ bIub>>trip __________ __________ __________ cIub>start __________ __________ __________ cIub>trip __________ __________ __________ cIub>>trip __________ __________ __________ Energize to __________ __________ __________ trip __________ __________ __________ Latch on trip __________ __________ __________ Relay Checksums: _________ _________ _________

cIub>/In cIub>:xt cIub>>/In cIub>>:xt

_______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ 5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

4 __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ _________

DIAGNOSTIC TEST FUNCTION: Serial Number Software Version Pretest Code LCD display test LED test Breaker on signal input test Relay test: Relay #1 Relay #2 Relay #3 Relay #4 Relay #5 : : : : : : : : : : : __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

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PRIMARY / SECONDARY INJECTION TEST RESULTS (Refer to Appendix 11)

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COMMISSIONING CHECKLIST Check for obvious physical damage Check configuration of element rated currents Check rating plate reflects correct element rated currents Check configuration of output relay contact forms Check mounting of relay Check auxiliary power supply wiring Check auxiliary power supply voltage at relay terminals Check CT details and ratios Check CT wiring Check output relay voltage at relay terminals Check output relay wiring Check breaker on input signal voltage at relay terminals Check breaker on input signal wiring Check and record running screen displays Configure elements 1, 2, 3 ,4 and 5 Configure output relays #1, #2 ,#3, #4 and #5 Ensure the actual output relay check-sums correspond with the theoretical checksums Record the complete protection relay configuration after saving the final configuration Execute the diagnostic test function and record the results Check correct operation of LED indicators Check correct operation of post trip annunciation and resetting functions Check output relays are tripping the circuit breaker, and other output relay functions Check operation of self-supervision relay Perform primary or secondary injection tests at CT terminals Check that each CT is connected to the correct element After energizing the associated circuit breaker, note the running displays and confirm that they are correct. Ensure the relays front cover is fitted

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

: : Yes/No : Yes/No

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APPENDIX 6: FAULT REPORT

Date: _________________

TO:

FROM:

STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd


POSTAL ADDRESS: P O Box 1810 Halfway House, 1685 Gauteng Province Republic of South Africa PHYSICAL ADDRESS: 987 Richards Drive Halfway House, 1685 Gauteng Province Republic of South Africa PHONE FAX ATTENTION : : : +27 11 315-0815 +27 11 315-2559 Service/Repair

______________________________________ POSTAL ADDRESS: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ PHYSICAL ADDRESS: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ PHONE FAX ATTENTION : : : __________________ __________________ __________________

SITE: End User Address/Site: Substation, Switchboard and Circuit: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Contact Phone Fax : : : __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ Contact Phone Fax : : : __________________________ __________________________ __________________________

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RLC RELAY FRONT PLATE INFORMATION: Model Version Serial Number Rated current, In Rated frequency, fn Auxiliary voltage : : : 1: 2: : : _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ______________ A 3: _____________ A ______________ A 4: _____________ A ______________ Hz ______________ V

DETAILS OF PROBLEM EXPERIENCED: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

DETAILS OF RLC RELAY CONFIGURATION SETTINGS HARDWARE: Element nominal rated current configuration: Element 1: ________________ A Element 3: _________________ A Element 2: ________________ A Element 4: _________________ A Output relay contact form configuration (in auxiliary power off condition): Relay #1: _______________________ Relay #4: __________________________ Relay #2: _______________________ Relay #5: __________________________ Relay #3: _______________________ Relay #6: __________________________

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RLC RELAY CONFIGURATION SETTINGS: NORMAL MODE: Elements 1, 2 and 3: Icr/In __________ vc>/vcr __________ vc>>/vcr __________ vc>>:xt __________ vc>reset:xt __________ Ith>In __________ __________ I1>/In __________ I1>:xt __________ I1>>/In __________ I1>>:xt __________ I1</In __________ I1<:xt __________ Bfail1:xt __________ Bfail2:xt __________ Bena:xt __________ Function selected for digital input: ___________________________ Software outputs directed to output relays: Relay # vc>start vc>trip vc>>trip I1>start I1>trip I1>>trip Ith>start Ith>trip I1<trip Iub>start Iub>trip Iub>>trip Io>start Io>trip Io>>trip Ilub>start Ilub>trip Ilub>>trip 1 __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ 2 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 3 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 4 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ Element 4: Iub>/In Iub>:xt Iub>>/In Iub>>:xt Element 5 Io>/In Io>:xt Io>>/In Io>>:xt Ilub/In Ilub:xt Ilub/In Ilub:xt

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

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Bfail1 Bfail2 Bena Energize to trip Latch on trip Relay Checksums

__________ __________ __________ __________ __________ _________

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

___________ __________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

___________ __________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

___________ __________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

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H-CONFIGURATION MODE: Elements 2, 3 and 4 aIub>In ___________ bIub>/In aIub>:xt ___________ bIub>:xt aIub>>/In ___________ bIub>>/In aIub>>:xt ___________ bIub>>:xt Software outputs directed to output relays Relay # 1 2 aIub>start ___________ ___________ aIub>trip ___________ ___________ aIub>>trip ___________ ___________ aIub>start ___________ ___________ aIub>trip ___________ ___________ bIub>>trip ___________ ___________ cIub>start ___________ ___________ cIub>trip ___________ ___________ cIub>>trip ___________ ___________ Energize to trip ___________ ___________ Latch on trip ___________ ___________ Relay Check sums: ___________ ___________

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 3 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

cIub>/In cIub>:xt cIub>>/In cIub>>:xt 4 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

Serial Number Software Version Pretest Code LCD display test LED test Breaker on signal input test Relay test: Relay #1 Relay #2 Relay #3 Relay #4 Relay #5

DIAGNOSTIC TEST FUNCTION: : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________ : __________________________________________________

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PRIMARY / SECONDARY INJECTION TEST RESULTS (Refer to Appendix 11)

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FAULT REPORT CHECKLIST Check for obvious physical damage Check configuration of element rated currents Check rating plate reflects correct element rated currents Check configuration of output relay contact forms Check mounting of relay Check auxiliary power supply wiring Check auxiliary power supply voltage at relay terminals Check and record the CT ratios and ratings Check CT wiring Check output relay voltage at relay terminals Check output relay wiring Check breaker on input signal voltage at relay terminals Check breaker on input signal wiring Check and record running screen displays Check and record configuration of elements 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Check and record configuration of relays #1, #2, #3, #4 and #5 Check and record the checksums of relays #1, #2, #3, #4, and #5 Execute the diagnostic test function and record the results Check the correct operation of LED indicators Check the correct operation of the post trip fault annunciation and resetting functions Check the output relays are tripping the circuit breaker, and the other output relay functions Check the operation of the self-supervision relay Perform primary or secondary injection tests at the CT terminals Check that each CT is connected to the correct element

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

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APPENDIX 7: DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS


On application of auxiliary supply voltage to a RLC Relay, and at regular intervals during normal operation, the relay performs a number of self-test diagnostic functions. Any errors detected will cause the RLC Relay to suspend all protective functions, continuously toggle the self-supervision relay at approximately 1 second intervals and display an error message as follows: ONLINE DIAGNOSTICS: RLC MESSAGE DISPLAY EPROM error EEPROM error RAM error DSP stopped ERROR DESCRIPTION EPROM checksum Serial EEPROM checksum RAM failure DSP watchdog failure

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APPENDIX 8: NORMAL MODE CALCULATION OF CHECKSUMS FOR OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5

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APPENDIX 9: H CONFIGURATION MODE CALCULATION OF CHECKSUMS FOR OUTPUT RELAYS #1 TO #5

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APPENDIX 10: DEFAULT HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ON DELIVERY:


Element Element Element Element 1 2 3 4 5 5 5 5 A A A A Relay Relay Relay Relay Relay #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 N/O N/O N/O N/O N/O

NORMAL MODE: Elements 1, 2 and 3: Icr/In vc>/vcr vc>>/vcr vc>>:xt vc>reset:xt Ith>In Element 4: Iub>/In Iub>:xt Iub>>/In Iub>>:xt Element 5 Io>/In Io>:xt Io>>/In Io>>:xt Ilub/In Ilub:xt Ilub/In Ilub:xt

1,0 1,1 3,0 0,0 60 1,0 60 I1>/In 1,1 I1>:xt 600 I1>>/In 1,5 I1>>:xt 0,0 I1</In 0,2 I1<:xt 0,2 Bfail1:xt 0,1 Bfail2:xt 0,1 Bena:xt 300 Function selected for digital input: Disabled Software outputs directed to output relays: Relay # vc>start vc>trip vc>>trip I1>start I1>trip I1>>trip Ith>start Ith>trip I1<trip Iub>start 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0,5 10,0 1,0 1,0

0,1 1,0 0,3 0,0 0,05 10,0 0,10 1,0

3 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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Iub>trip Iub>>trip Io>start Io>trip Io>>trip Ilub>start Ilub>trip Ilub>>trip Bfail1 Bfail2 Bena Energize to trip Latch on trip Relay Check sums:

1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 491402

1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 001042

0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 36CB23

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 000006

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 00001B

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PLEASE NOTE: THE RLC RELAY IS DELIVERED CONFIGURED FOR NORMAL MODE. THE FOLLOWING H CONFIGURATION DEFAULT SETTINGS WILL BECOME ACTIVE ONLY IF THE USER CHANGES THE RLC RELAY TO H CONFIGURATION MODE.
H-CONFIGURATION MODE: Elements 2, 3 and 4 aIub>In aIub>:xt aIub>>/In aIub>>:xt 0,5 10,0 1,0 1,0 bIub>/In bIub>:xt bIub>>/In bIub>>:xt 0,5 10,0 1,0 1,0 cIub>/In cIub>:xt cIub>>/In cIub>>:xt 0,5 10,0 1,0 1,0

Software outputs directed to output relays Relay # aIub>start aIub>trip aIub>>trip bIub>start bIub>trip bIub>>trip cIub>start cIub>trip cIub>>trip Energize to trip Latch on trip Relay Check sums: 1
1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0

2
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

3
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0

4
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0

5
0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1

492

202

042

00A

127

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APPENDIX 11: INJECTION TESTING


The RLC Relay is a complex device with many sophisticated protective functions. It is beyond the scope of this manual to fully detail how to comprehensively injection test the RLC Relay. However the following points should be noted. Ideally to properly test the RLC Relay, one would require a 3 phase secondary injection test set with the ability to inject not only mains frequency currents, but also complex 3 phase waveforms with harmonic currents superimposed or the fundamental currents. In this way one can properly test and confirm the peak repetitive overvoltage protective functions, the rms thermal overcurrent protective functions, and the mains frequency current protective functions including the star or H CONFIGURATION unbalance, line unbalance, earth fault, fundamental frequency over and under current, breaker fail and breaker enable timer. Contact STRIKE Technologies (Pty) Ltd for further details on their VERITY 3 phase secondary current and voltage injection test set, which is capable of performing such tests. Often the user will only have access to a single phase current injection test set. In this case the user should preferably test each element separately, one protective function at a time, with all other protective functions disabled. If testing several protective functions and/or elements simultaneously, the following must be kept in mind: The earth fault current Io is derived mathematically as the vector summation of the phase currents of elements 1, 2 and 3. Therefore the earth fault protective function should be tested by injecting 1/3 of the desired earth fault current into elements 1, 2 and 3 connected in series. This will generally avoid the other protective functions, including the line unbalance current protective function, from operating before the earth fault protective function. In order to test the line unbalance current function, inject a low magnitude single phase current into elements 1 and 2 (or elements 2 and 3) connected in series but with opposite polarities. This will avoid the earth fault protective function from operating. In order to test the overcurrent, undercurrent and thermal current, protective functions of elements 1, 2 and 3, disable the earth fault protective function and inject a single phase current into elements 1, 2 and 3 connected in series. This will avoid both the earth fault and the line unbalance current protective functions from operating. Alternatively disable both the earth fault and the line unbalance current protection functions. This will enable elements 1, 2 and 3 to be tested individually, without all 3 elements connected in series. Without the ability to inject harmonic currents superimposed onto the fundamental current, the peak repetitive overvoltage protective function of element 1, 2 and 3 can be easily tested by disabling all other protective functions, and injecting a sinusoidal current into element 1, 2 or 3. It is suggested that Icr/In = 1 and vc>/vcr = 1,1 should be set. In this case, when a sinusoidal current equal to In is injected (1A or 5A rms) then the calculated peak repetitive voltage vc/vcr should be 1p.u. The vc>starter should operate for injected currents above 1,1In. Trip times for currents above the threshold (1,1In) may be checked against the inverse time curve of Fig. 8.

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APPENDIX 12: SETTING EXAMPLE 1


Single star capacitor bank on a 6,6kV 3 phase 50Hz system. Refer to Fig. 9 System Earthing Switch Line CTs Cable Damping reactors Capacitor bank : : : : : : : 6,6kV + 7,5%, 3 phase, 50Hz, 20kA fault level Earth fault current limited to 300A by Neutral Earthing Resistor 400A fused vacuum contactor with 160A current limiting fuses 75/5A 50mm XLPE 80H per phase 60A rms continuous current rating Single star arrangement Rated output: 600 kvar Rated voltage and frequency: 7,2kV 50Hz Rated current Icr = 600/( 7,2 3 ) = 48,1A I1 at 6,6kV = (6,6/7,2)52,5 = 48,11 = 44,1A

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SETTINGS: = = = = = = = I1>/In = I1>:xt = I1>>/In = I1>>:xt = I1</In = I1<:xt = Bfail1:xt = Bfail2:xt = Bena:xt = Function selected for digital input: Iub>/In = Iub>:xt = Iub>>/In = Iub>>:xt = Io>/In = Io>:xt = Io>>/In = Io>>:xt = Ilub>/In = Ilub>:xt = Ilub>>/In = Ilub>>:xt = Icr/In vc>/vcr vc>>/vcr vc>>:xt vc>reset:xt Ith>/In 48,11/75=0,64 1,1 3,0 0 30s 60/75=0,8 600s 1,148,2/75=0,71 600s 1,548,2/75=0,96 0 0,248,2/75=0,13 0,2s 0,1s 0,1s 300s Breaker-Bon N/A 0,1s N/A 0,1s 0,248,2/75=0,13 0 N/A 0 0,0548,2/75=0,03 2s 0,148,2/75=0,06 0,2s (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26) (27) (28)

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NOTES ON SETTINGS: (1) (2) Capacitor rated current in p.u. of line CT primary current. Capacitors made to IEC can withstand 110% of rated voltage for extended periods of time, and this would be the normal setting in practically all cases. With reference to Fig.7, it can be seen that for vc/vcr greater than 3,0 the peak repetitive overvoltage withstand curve is undefined and therefore for capacitor overvoltages above this value it is considered appropriate to trip with a definite time delay. The associated definite delay is set at 0 (No intentional time delay). Refer to Fig.25 to see the effect of vc>reset:xt. The thermal overcurrent threshold should be set as the lowest continuous rms current rating of the series circuit. (i.e. in this example the damping reactor current rating is the lowest of that of the fuses, contactor, cable, damping reactors and capacitor bank.) (7) Refer to Appendix 14 for some guidance of the heating/cooling time constant of air-cored reactors. The time constant is the time taken for the reactors to reach 63% of their final temperature, for a step change in current from 0 to 100%. (i.e. the first order exponential time constant of the device.) (8) For a system having a maximum system voltage of 107,5% of nominal, a low set fundamental frequency overvoltage/overcurrent limit of 110% is considered appropriate. Above this value the associated definite timer will start timing out. A value of 600s for this definite timer is considered appropriate to allow any automatic tap-changers to operate in the case of extended fundamental frequency system overvoltages (which in time causes fundamental frequency overcurrent in the capacitor circuit). A fundamental frequency overcurrent above 150% of nominal would indicate a catastrophic failure of some kind requiring immediate tripping. Therefore the associated definite time delay is set to 0 (no intentional delay). Any undercurrent threshold significantly below nominal is appropriate.

(3)

(4) (5) (6)

(9)

(10)

(11) (12)

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(13)

The undercurrent definite timer is set as 0,2s or any appropriate low value to avoid spurious trip outs. The breaker fail timer is set as 0,1s or any appropriate low value to avoid spurious breaker fail signal output. The breaker enable timer is set to enable breaker re-energization 300s (5min) after de-energization to allow the capacitor to discharge before switching on again. Setting the digital input to Breaker-Bon allows the breaker enable re-switching timer and the undercurrent protection function to be used. These parameters are disabled because star point unbalance protection is not provided (capacitor bank has a single star or delta configuration). Because the thresholds are disabled the timer setting is irrelevant. The fundamental frequency earth fault threshold is set to any suitable low value below the 300A maximum earth fault current (as limited by the Neutral Earthing Resistor). The definite time delay is set to 0 (no intentional delay). Because the low set earth fault threshold definite time delay is set to 0, the high set threshold is disabled. Because the high-set threshold is disabled, the timer setting is irrelevant. The low set line unbalance current threshold should be set as low as possible whilst avoiding spurious trip outs due to normal system line voltage unbalance. A line unbalance current of 5% of nominal capacitor current is considered suitable. The definite timer associated with the above is set at 2s to avoid trip out on short term unbalance disturbance. The high set line unbalance current threshold is set as 10% of nominal capacitor current. The definite timer associated with the above is set as 0,2s.

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17) (20)

(21)

(22) (23)

(24) (25)

(26)

(27)

(28)

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

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APPENDIX 13: SETTING EXAMPLE 2


20Mvar third harmonic series tuned filter with a double star capacitor bank on a 33kV 3 ph 50Hz system. Refer to Fig. 10 System Earthing Switch Line CTs Cable Filter Filter reactors : : : : : : : 33kV + 5%, 3 phase, 50Hz, 20kA fault level Solidly earthed 630A SF6 circuit breaker 500/5A 185mm XLPE Output at 33kV 50Hz:20Mvar (lead) Tuned frequency:145Hz Inductance: 20,6mH per phase Rated currents: I1 = 385A I2 = 30A I3 = 90A I4 = 25A I5 = 30A I7 = 20A I11 = 10A I13 = 5A Irms = 13
n =1

( In )

= 400A

Capacitor bank

Unbalance CT

Double star configuration Rated capacitance: 58,464 F per phase Rated output: 37,193Mvar Rated voltage and frequency: 45kV 50Hz Rated current Icr = 37,193 106/( 3 45000) I1 at 33kV = 20 106/( 3 33000) Star point unbalance alarm current: 4A Star point unbalance trip current: 8A 20/1A

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

Page 134 of 140

SETTINGS: = = = = = = = I1>/In = I1>:xt = I1>>/In = I1>>:xt = I1</In = I1<:xt = Bfail1:xt = Bfail2:xt = Bena:xt = Function selected for digital input: Iub>/In = Iub>:xt = Iub>>/In = Iub>>:xt = Io>/In = Io>:xt = Io>>/In = Io>>:xt = Ilub>/In = Ilub>:xt = Ilub>>/In = Ilub>>:xt = Icr/In vc>/vcr vc>>/vcr vc>>:xt vc>reset:xt Ith>/In 477/500=0,95 1,1 3,0 0 30s 400/500=0,8 1200s 1,075350/500=0,81 600s 1,5350/500=1,05 0 0,2350/500=0,14 0,2s 0,1s 0,1s 300s Breaker-Bon 4/20=0,2 10s 8/20=0,4 2s 0,2350/500=0,14 0 N/A 0 0,05350/500=0,04 2s 0,1350/500=0,07 0,2s (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26) (27) (28)

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

Page 135 of 140

NOTES ON SETTINGS: (1) (2) Capacitor rated current in p.u. of line CT primary current. Capacitors made to IEC can withstand 110% of rated voltage for extended periods of time. With reference to Fig.7, it can be seen that for vc/vcr greater than 3,0 the peak repetitive overvoltage withstand curve is undefined and therefore for capacitor overvoltages above this value it is considered necessary to trip with a definite time delay. The definite time delay should be set as low as possible, preferably with no intentional delay. Refer to Fig.25 to see the effect of vc>reset:xt. The thermal overcurrent threshold should be set as the lowest continuous rms current rating of the series circuit. (i.e. in this example the filter reactor current rating is the lowest of that of the breaker, cable, filter reactors and capacitor bank.) (7) Refer to Appendix 14 for some guidance of the heating/cooling time constant of air-core filter reactors. The time constant is the time taken for the reactors to reach 63% of their final temperature, for a step change in current from 0 to 100%. (i.e. the first order exponential time constant of the device.) (8) For a system having a maximum system voltage of 105% of nominal, a low set fundamental frequency overvoltage/overcurrent limit of 107,5% is considered appropriate. Above this value the associated definite timer will start timing out. A value of 600s for this definite timer is considered appropriate to allow any automatic tap-changers to operate in the case of extended fundamental frequency system overvoltages (which in time causes fundamental frequency overcurrents in the capacitor/filter circuit). A fundamental frequency overcurrent above 150% of nominal would indicate a catastrophic failure of some kind requiring immediate tripping. Therefore the associated definite time delay is set to 0 (no intentional delay). Any undercurrent threshold significantly below nominal current is appropriate.

(3)

(4)

(5) (6)

(9)

(10)

(11) (12)

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

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(13)

The undercurrent definite timer is set as 0,2s or any appropriate low value to avoid spurious trip outs. The breaker fail timer is set as 0,1s or any appropriate low value to avoid spurious breaker fail signal output. The breaker enable timer is set to enable breaker re-energization 300s (5min) after de-energization to allow the capacitor to discharge before switching on again. Setting the digital input to Breaker-Bon allows the breaker enable re-switching timer and the undercurrent protection function to be used. The star point unbalance alarm current is set in p.u. of the star point unbalance CT primary current. The star point alarm current level should be provided by the capacitor unit and bank designer/manufacturer as it is determined by the specific capacitor unit and capacitor bank design (internally fused, externally fused, internal element configuration, external capacitor unit interconnections, etc.). The definite timer associated with the above is set as 10s to avoid alarms on short term unbalance disturbances. The star point unbalance trip current is set in p.u. of the star pt unbalance CT primary current. The star point trip current level should be provided by the capacitor unit and bank designer/manufacturer. The definite timer associated with the above is set as 2s to avoid spurious trips on short term unbalance disturbances. Also this timer should not be set less than 1s due to the response time of the calculation of the phase angle of the unbalance current, if the phase angle of this unbalance current is of interest to the user after a trip out. The fundamental frequency earth fault threshold is set to any suitably low value below the expected earth fault current (as limited by the system and earth fault zero sequence impedance. The definite time delay is set to 0 (no intentional delay). Because the low set earth fault threshold definite time delay is set to 0, the high-set threshold is disabled. Because the high-set threshold is disabled, the timer setting is irrelevant.

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

(21)

(22) (23)

(24)

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

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(25)

The low-set line unbalance current threshold should be set as low as possible whilst avoiding spurious trip outs due to normal system line voltage unbalance. A line unbalance current of 5% of nominal capacitor current is considered suitable. The definite timer associated with the above is set at 2s to avoid trip out on short term unbalance disturbances. The high-set line unbalance current threshold is set as 10% of nominal capacitor current. The definite time associated with the above is set as 0,2s

(26)

(27)

(28)

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

Page 138 of 140

APPENDIX 14: CALCULATION OF THE REACTOR HEATING AND COOLING TIME CONSTANT ()

The correct heating and cooling time constant of a damping or filter reactor should normally be obtained from the reactor manufacturer. The formula below is considered accurate for reactor coils manufactured by Haefely-Trench Austria, but may give default results in the absence of any other information.

= C1 * M/A
Where: C1 Constant of convection and radiation and heat capacity C1=100 for single layer coils C1 = 76 for multi layer coils m A Mass of winding (Aluminium and insulation) Surface for convection and radiation [kg] [m]

For single layer coil : A = (D1 + D2) * Hw *


D1 + D 2 For double layer coil : A = * * Hw * 2,5 2 D1 + D 2 For n layer coil : A = * * Hw * n 2

D1.Inner diameter D2 Outer diameter HwWinding height

[m] [m] [m]


D2

Hw

D1

Terminal

Any normal operating Display

Access PARAMETER SETUP menu

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

APPENDIX 15: MENU NAVIGATION CHART (NORMAL MODE)

Set ELEMENT 1,2,3 variables

Icr/In = 1.00 Range=0.25-1.50


Access SERIAL PORT options Access PASSWORD SETUP menu Access MODE SETUP selector

for 5 seconds

Access OUTPUT RELAY menu

Run DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence

Browse TRIP HISTORY list


Set BAUD RATE to 2400 ACCEPT key New Password 000000 Select MODE H-BRIDGE


Old Password 000000 Select MODE NORMAL SELECT ACTION Resume History Trip History Trip History Trip History Trip History ACCEPT key ACCEPT key


No 2 No 3 No 4 No 5

Trip


History No Trips Trip No 2 History No Trips Trip No 3 History No Trips Trip No 4 History No Trips Trip No 5 Test : Input Input = OFF Test Relays? Yes CAUTION!! ACCEPT key

No 1

Trip No 1

History No Trips


Pretest Code Passed Test : LEDs (Check flashing)

Serial Number 97010012

Software Version 1.05 06-04-02


#12345 00000 #12345 00000 Relay : I1<trip #12345 00000 Relay : Iub>start #12345 00000 Relay : Iub>trip #12345 00000 Relay : #12345 Iub>>trip 00000 Relay : I1>start #12345 00000 Relay : I1>trip #12345 00000 Relay : I1>>trip #12345 00000

Test Relay #1 No

Test Relay #2 No

Test Relay #3 No

Test Relay #4 No

Test Relay #5 No

Return to MENU Yes

ACCEPT key

Serial Number 97010012

ACCEPT key

Relay : vc/start

#12345 00000

Relay : vc>trip

#12345 00000

Relay : vc>>trip

Relay : Ith>start

#12345 00000

Relay : Ith>trip

Relay : Io>start Relay : B ena COMPENSATE for star unbalance ACCEPT key #12345 00000 Energise to trip #12345 00000 Latch on trip #12345 00000 Relay#1 Checksum 000002 ACCEPT key

#12345 00000

Relay : Io>trip

#12345 00000

Relay : Io>>trip

#12345 00000

Relay : #12345 I1ub>start 00000

Relay : #12345 I1ub>trip 00000

Relay : #12345 I1ub>>trip 00000

Relay : #12345 B fail 1 00000

Relay : #12345 B fail 2 00000

SELECT ACTION Resume SELECT ACTION Resume

ACCEPT key ACCEPT key

Set ELEMENT 4 variables

Set ELEMENT 5 variables

Set OTHER functions


comp. 0% Bfail1:xt =N/A Range=0.05-2.0 Bfail2:xt = N/A Range=0.05-2.0 B ena:xt = N/A Range=1-600 B ena:xt = N/A Range=1-600 vector 0.0 Iub 0% 0.0 Compensate? No Uncompensate No

INPUT function Remote Reset

ACCEPT key

INPUT function Disabled

Io>>/In = N/A Range=0.05-10.0 Io>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-10.0 I1ub>/In = N/A Range=0.01-1.0

INPUT function Breaker-Bon I1ub>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0 ACCEPT key Set ELEMENT 1,2,3 variables

Io>/In = N/A Range=0.05-1.0

Io>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0

I1ub>>/In = N/A Range=0.01-1.0 Iub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-60.0

I1ub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-10.0

I1ub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-10.0

Iub>/In = 0.97 Range=0.05-1.0

Iub>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0

Iub>>/In = N/A Range=0.05-2.0

vc>/vcr = N/A Range=0.8-1.50

vc>>/vcr = N/A Range=0.8-10.0

vc>>:xt = 0.00 Range=0.0-10.0

vc>reset:xt = 1 Range=1-60

Ith>/In = N/A Range=0.25-1.50 I1</In = N/A Range=0.1-1.00

= 6 Range=6-7200


I1>>:xt = 0.00 Range=0.0-10.0

Page 139 of 140

I1>/In = N/A Range=0.25-1.50

I1>:xt = 1 Range=1-1200

I1>>/In = N/A Range=0.5-10.0

I1<:xt = 2.0 Range=0.1-10.0

Any normal operating Display

Access PARAMETER SETUP menu

RLC RELAY (Rev.01.26.09.97)

Set ELEMENT 2,3,4 variables

APPENDIX 16: MENU NAVIGATION CHART (H CONFIGURATION MODE)

aIub>/In = N/A Range=0.05-1.0


Access SERIAL PORT options Access PASSWORD SETUP menu Access MODE SETUP selector

for 5 seconds

Access OUTPUT RELAY menu

Run DIAGNOSTIC TEST sequence

Browse TRIP HISTORY list


Set BAUD RATE to 2400 ACCEPT key New Password 000000 Select MODE H-BRIDGE


Old Password 000000 Select MODE NORMAL SELECT ACTION Resume Trip History Trip History Trip History Trip History ACCEPT key ACCEPT key


No 2 No 3 No 4 No 5

Trip History


Trip History No 2 No Trips Trip History No 3 No Trips Trip History No 4 No Trips Trip History No 5 No Trips Test : Input Input = OFF Test Relays? Yes CAUTION!! ACCEPT key

No 1

Trip History No 1 No Trips


Pretest Code Passed Test : LEDs (Check flashing)

Serial Number 97010012

Software Version 1.05 06-04-02


Relay : #12345 bIub>start 00000 Energise #12345 to trip 11111 Latch on trip #12345 00000 Relay#1 Checksum 000002 ACCEPT key Relay : #12345 bIub>trip 00000 Relay : #12345 bIub>>trip 00000

Test Relay #1 No

Test Relay #2 No

Test Relay #3 No

Test Relay #4 No

Test Relay #5 No

Return to MENU Yes

ACCEPT key

Serial Number 97010012

ACCEPT key

Relay : #12345 aIub>start 00000 Relay : #12345 cIub>>trip 00000

Relay : #12345 aIub>trip 00000

Relay : #12345 aIub>>trip 00000

Relay : #12345 cIub>start 00000

Relay : #12345 cIub>trip 00000

SELECT ACTION Resume

ACCEPT key

COMPENSATE for aIub

COMPENSATE for bIub

COMPENSATE for cIub

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? No Uncompensate No ACCEPT key Set ELEMENT 2,3,4 variables

comp. 0%

vector 0.0

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? Yes

Uncompensate Yes

ACCEPT key comp. 0% vector 0.0

ACCEPT key

comp. 0%

vector 0.0

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? No

Uncompensate No

ACCEPT key

Set ELEMENT 2,3,4 variables

ACCEPT key ACCEPT key comp. 0%

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? Yes

Uncompensate Yes

ACCEPT key comp. 0%

vector 0.0

ACCEPT key

ACCEPT key

SELECT ACTION Cancel

ACCEPT key

comp. 0%

vector 0.0

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? No

Uncompensate No

Set ELEMENT 2,3,4 variables


bIub>/In = N/A Range=0.05-1.0 bIub>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0 cIub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-60.0 bIub>>:In = N/A Range=0.05-2.0 ACCEPT key

aIub>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0

Page 140 of 140


cIub>>/In = N/A Range=0.05-2.0

bIub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-60.0

cIub 0% 0.0 Compensate? Yes

aIub>>/In = N/A Range=0.05-2.0

cIub>/In = N/A Range=0.05-1.0

Uncompensate Yes

vector 0.0

ACCEPT key

aIub>>:xt = 0.0 Range=0.0-60.0

cIub>:xt = 0.1 Range=0.1-60.0

Set ELEMENT 2,3,4 variables