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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

GLOBAL INDEX OF

RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM

Press Release
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Contact Details For further details please contact: Dr. Ijaz Shafi Gilani: Ms. Rushna Shahid: Irene Zuettel Email: gilani@gallup.com.pk (Mobile) (Landline) Email: rushna.shahid@gallup.com.pk (Mobile) (Landline) Email: jirene.zuettel@gallup-international.com +92-307-5440148 +92-51-2655630 +92-307-5440148 +92-51-2655630

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Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Global Index of

RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM
Only a minority of the world, mostly concentrated in China and Western Europe, claims to be atheists.
Global Distribution of Self-perceptions: Religious: 59% Not Religious: 23% Atheists: 13%

Zurich, 27 July 2012 — We have no opinion polling data prior to the 20th century, but according to the latest global poll released by WIN-Gallup International, a world-wide network of leading opinion pollsters, atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century. Only 13% say they are atheists. They are mostly concentrated in East Asia where 47% of the Chinese and 31% of the Japanese say they are atheists; and Western Europe, 14% of whose population says the same. Elsewhere sizeable majorities claim to be religious; the global average is 59%. Another sizeable group claims to be “not-religious” but stops short of defining itself as “atheist”. Their global average is 23%. The WIN-Gallup International ‘Religiosity and Atheism Index’ which measures global self-perceptions on beliefs is based on interviews with more than 50,000 men and women selected from 57 countries across the globe in five continents. The survey also provides trend data for shifts in attitudes since 2005. A world-wide poll conducted by WIN-Gallup International, a network of the world’s top most independent pollsters, asked exactly the same question in 57 countries across the globe:

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Question: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious persons or a convinced atheist? In response to this 59% of the world said that they think of themselves as religious person, 23% think of themselves as not religious whereas 13% think of themselves as convinced atheists. TOP 10 ATHEIST POPULATIONS: The top ten Atheist populations are the following:
Percent saying they think of themselves as convinced atheists:
Countries China Japan Czech Republic France Korea, Rep (South) Germany Netherlands Austria Iceland Australia Ireland (11 countries because of 4 tying in at 10%)
A religious person Not a religious person A convinced atheist Don’t know / no response

14% 16% 20% 37% 52% 51% 43% 42% 57% 37% 47%

30% 31% 48% 34% 31% 33% 42% 43% 31% 48% 44%

47% 31% 30% 29% 15% 15% 14% 10% 10% 10% 10%

9% 23% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 5% 2% 5% 0%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

TOP 10 RELIGIOUS POPULATIONS: The top 10 religious populations are as following:
Percent saying they think of themselves as religious person:
Countries Ghana Nigeria Armenia Fiji Macedonia Romania Iraq Kenya Peru Brazil
A religious person Not a religious person A convinced atheist Don’t know / no response

96% 93% 92% 92% 90% 89% 88% 88% 86% 85%

2% 4% 3% 5% 8% 6% 9% 9% 8% 13%

0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 3% 1%

1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 3% 3% 1% 3% 1%

INTERESTING VARIATIONS AMONG THE BELIEVERS: The proportion among believers who say ‘I see myself as religious’ is higher among Christians compared to Muslims and Jewish populations. Hindus score the highest. AMONG BELIEVERS* SHARE OF ‘I AM RELIGIOUS’ AND ‘NOT-RELIGIOUS’
Religions Christians (all denominations) Muslims Jews Hindus ‘I am Religious’ 81% 74% 38% 82% Not Religious 16% 20% 54% 12%

* Those who claim to belong to the respective faiths identified below

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

RELIGIOSITY IS HIGHER AMONG THE POOR: People in bottom income groups are 17% more religious than those in top income groups. It is interesting that Religiosity declines as worldly prosperity of individuals rises. While the results for nations as a whole are mixed, individual respondents within a country show a revealing pattern. If citizens of each of the 57 countries are grouped into five groups, from the relatively poor to relatively rich in their own countries, the richer you get, the less religious you define yourself. Percent of Population describing itself as RELIGIOUS
Bottom Quintile (LOW INCOME) Medium-Low Quintile Medium Quintile Medium-High Quintile High Quintile (HIGH INCOME) 66% 65% 56% 51% 49%

RELIGIOSITY IS LOWER AMONG COLLEGE EDUCATED: College educated are 16% less religious than those without secondary education. The same pattern is applicable to formal Educational Attainment. As formal educational attainment rises, fewer self-describe themselves to be religious: Percent of Population describing itself as RELIGIOUS
Less than Secondary Education Secondary Education Higher Education 68% 61% 52%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

TRENDS SINCE 2005: Religiosity drops by 9%, while atheism rises by 3%. There is a notable decline across the globe in self-description of being religious. WIN-Gallup International had carried out exactly the same poll seven years ago in 2005. The global average of the 39 countries polled in both waves shows Religiosity Index dropped by 9% during these seven years. Most of the shift is not drifting from their faith, but claiming to be ‘not religious’ while remaini ng within the faith. There is however a rise of 3% in atheism as well (see table 3, 4 ahead) TEN COUNTRIES EXPERIENCING NOTABLE DECLINE IN RELIGIOSITY SINCE 2005
Drop in Religiosity Index

Country Global Average Vietnam Switzerland France South Africa Iceland Ecuador United States Canada Austria Germany

2005 77% 53% 71% 58% 83% 74% 85% 73% 58% 52% 60%

2012 68% 30% 50% 37% 64% 57% 70% 60% 46% 42% 51%

% change in Religiosity -9% -23% -21% -21% -19% -17% -15% -13% -12% -10% -9%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

The poll was conducted by the oldest and the largest network of opinion pollsters affiliated with WIN-Gallup International in 57 countries covering more than 73% of the world’s population.

Commentary

by

Jean-Marc

Leger

(President WIN-Gallup

International, the network which runs the Annual barometer of opinions since 1977) “Despite the immense impact of technology and an emphasis on worldly affairs, the 21st century overwhelmingly espouses a religious faith and atheism is in a minority. It would be wonderful if we had data from a hundred years ago to compare with. Unfortunately there were no global opinion polls at the time. We take pride in saying that with rising number of global polls on social issues, our future generations will be less handicapped in such analyses” Methodology: The global barometer of hope and despair is an annual tradition initiated by and designed under the chairmanship of Dr. George Gallup in 1977. It is conducted every year since then. This year it was carried out by associates of WIN-Gallup International in 57 countries around the world. Sample Size and Mode of Field Work: A total of 51,927 persons were interviewed globally. In each country a national probability sample of around 1000 men and women was interviewed either face to face (35 countries; n=33,890), via telephone (11 countries; n=7,661) or online (11 countries; n=10,376). Details are attached. The field work was conducted during November 2011- January 2012. In general the

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

error margin for surveys of this kind is +3-5% at 95% confidence level. Weighting: The global average has been computed according to the share of the covered adult population of the surveyed countries.

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

List of Tables and Figures (see Ahead)
Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Table 6: Table 7: Table 8: Appendix: Global Religiosity Index, 2012 Global Atheism Index, 2012 Trend in Religiosity Index, 2005-12 Trend in Atheism Index, 2005-12 Religiosity Index and National Income Complete Results to Question, country by country Complete Results to Question, Region-wise Complete Results to Question, by selected Demographics Summary Chart on Methods and List of Countries (p.10) (p.11) (p.12) (p.13) (p.14) (p.15-16) (p.17-19) (p.20-21) (p.22-24)

What is the Religiosity and Atheism Index?

The Religiosity Index represents the percentage of the population who self-describe themselves as ‘a religious person’ in the question worded as: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious persons or a convinced atheist? Atheism Index represents the percentage of population who selfdescribe themselves as convinced atheists in the Question reported above.

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 Table 1

GLOBAL RELIGIOSITY INDEX FOR 2012
(Rank ordered from ‘High’ to ‘Low’)
Ghana Nigeria 96 93 92 92 90 89 88 88 86 85 84 84 83 83 83 82 81 81 81 79 79 77 75 75 73 72 71 70 69 67 65 64 64 60 59 59 57 55 53 52 52 51 50 47 46 44 43 42 38 37 37 30 29 23 20 16 14

National populations who are more inclined to say they are religious

Armenia Fiji Macedonia Romania Iraq Kenya Peru Brazil Georgia Pakistan Afghanistan Moldova Colombia Cameroon Malaysia India Poland South Sudan Uzbekistan Serbia Tunisia Saudi Arabia Italy Argentina Ukraine Ecuador Lithuania Bosnia and Herzegovina Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza) Lebanon South Africa United States Belgium Bulgaria Iceland Russian Federation Finland Korea, Rep (South) Spain Germany Switzerland Ireland Canada Azerbaijan Netherlands Austria Hong Kong France Australia Vietnam

National populations who are less inclined to say they are religious

Sweden Turkey Czech Republic Japan China

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 Table 2

GLOBAL ATHEISM INDEX FOR 2012
(Rank ordered from ‘High’ to ‘Low’)
China Japan 47 31 30 29 15 15 14 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 7 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

National populations who are more inclined to say they are atheists

Czech Republic France Korea, Rep (South) Germany Netherlands Austria Iceland Australia Ireland Canada Spain Switzerland Hong Kong Sweden Belgium Italy Argentina Russian Federation Finland South Sudan Saudi Arabia Moldova United States Poland South Africa Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza) Bosnia and Herzegovina Ukraine Colombia Cameroon India Peru Serbia Armenia Bulgaria Pakistan Ecuador Kenya Lebanon Uzbekistan Turkey Lithuania Romania Macedonia Brazil Fiji Nigeria Georgia Tunisia Azerbaijan Iraq Malaysia Ghana Afghanistan Vietnam

National populations who are less inclined to say they are atheists

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Table 3

TREND IN RELIGIOSITY INDEX AMONG 39 COUNTRIES SURVEYED IN BOTH WAVES
(2005 - 2012)
Country (Rank order by 2012, High to low) Global Average Ghana Nigeria Macedonia Romania Kenya Peru Pakistan Moldova Colombia Cameroon Malaysia India Poland Serbia Italy Argentina Ukraine Ecuador Lithuania Bosnia and Herzegovina South Africa United States Bulgaria Iceland Russian Federation Finland Korea, Rep (South) Spain Germany Switzerland Canada Netherlands Austria Hong Kong France Vietnam Turkey Czech Republic Japan 2005 77% 96% 94% 85% 85% 89% 84% 78% 78% 83% 86% 77% 87% 85% 72% 72% 80% 70% 85% 75% 74% 83% 73% 63% 74% 57% 51% 58% 55% 60% 71% 58% 42% 52% 58% 53% 22% 17% 2012 68% 96% 93% 90% 89% 88% 86% 84% 83% 83% 82% 81% 81% 81% 77% 73% 72% 71% 70% 69% 67% 64% 60% 59% 57% 55% 53% 52% 52% 51% 50% 46% 43% 42% 37% 30% 20% 16% % change in Religiosity -9% 0% -1% 5% 4% -1% 2% 6% 5% 0% -4% 4% -6% -4% 5% 1% -8% 1% -15% -6% -7% -19% -13% -4% -17% -2% 2% -6% -3% -9% -21% -12% 1% -10% -21% -23% -2% -1%

Note on Turkey and Hong Kong: Both Turkey and Hong Kong show notable change since 2005. These changes are not from a faith to atheism but a shift from selfdescription of being ‘Religious’ to ‘Not Religious’. We have requested researchers in both countries to investigate reasons which might explain this extra-ordinary shift.

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Table 4

TRENDS IN ATHEISM INDEX AMONG 39 COUNTRIES SURVEYED IN BOTH WAVES
(2005 - 2012)
Country (Rank order by 2012, High to low) Global Average Japan Czech Republic France Korea, Rep (South) Germany Netherlands Austria Iceland Canada Spain Switzerland Hong Kong Italy Argentina Russian Federation Finland Moldova United States Poland South Africa Bosnia and Herzegovina Ukraine Colombia Cameroon India Peru Serbia Bulgaria Pakistan Ecuador Kenya Turkey Lithuania Romania Macedonia Nigeria Malaysia Ghana Vietnam 2005 4% 23% 20% 14% 11% 10% 7% 10% 6% 6% 10% 7% 6% 2% 4% 7% 2% 1% 2% 1% 9% 4% 3% 5% 4% 2% 4% 5% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 3% 1% 4% 0% 1% 2012 7% 31% 30% 29% 15% 15% 14% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 8% 7% 6% 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% % change in Atheism 3% 8% 10% 15% 4% 5% 7% 0% 4% 3% -1% 2% 2% 5% 2% -1% 3% 4% 3% 3% -5% -1% 0% -2% -1% 1% -1% -3% 1% 1% 2% -1% 0% -2% 0% -4% 0% -1%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012
Table/Figure 5

RELIGIOSITY INDEX AND NATIONAL INCOME

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Table 6

GLOBAL RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM INDEX FOR 2012
(Detailed Table)
Question: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious persons or a convinced atheist?

Percent of Respondents Global Average* Countries in alphabetical order
Afghanistan Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada China Colombia Czech Republic Ecuador Fiji Finland France Georgia Germany Ghana Hong Kong Iceland India Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Korea, Rep (South) Lebanon Lithuania Macedonia Malaysia Moldova Netherlands Nigeria Pakistan Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza) Peru Poland Romania 51927
Sample Size Unweighted N

59%
A religious person

23%
Not a religious person

13%
A convinced atheist

5%
Don’t know / no response

1031 1002 500 1040 1003 510 528 1000 2002 997 504 1003 500 606 1000 400 1020 984 1671 1000 502 1505 500 852 1091 1000 1001 987 1200 1000 1524 500 1025 1209 520 1086 505 1049 2705 626 1207 520 1050

83% 72% 92% 37% 42% 44% 59% 67% 85% 59% 82% 46% 14% 83% 20% 70% 92% 53% 37% 84% 51% 96% 38% 57% 81% 88% 47% 73% 16% 88% 52% 64% 69% 90% 81% 83% 43% 93% 84% 65% 86% 81% 89%

15% 19% 3% 48% 43% 51% 26% 25% 13% 28% 14% 40% 30% 12% 48% 27% 5% 38% 34% 12% 33% 2% 51% 31% 13% 9% 44% 15% 31% 9% 31% 33% 22% 8% 13% 5% 42% 4% 8% 29% 8% 9% 6%

0% 7% 2% 10% 10% 0% 8% 4% 1% 2% 3% 9% 47% 3% 30% 2% 1% 6% 29% 1% 15% 0% 9% 10% 3% 0% 10% 8% 31% 2% 15% 2% 1% 1% 0% 5% 14% 1% 2% 4% 3% 5% 1%

2% 1% 2% 5% 5% 5% 7% 4% 1% 12% 1% 5% 9% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 1% 3% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 3% 0% 4% 23% 1% 2% 2% 7% 1% 6% 7% 2% 2% 6% 2% 3% 6% 3%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 Russian Federation 1000 55% 26% 6% 13% Saudi Arabia 502 75% 19% 5% 1% Serbia 1037 77% 16% 3% 4% South Africa 200 64% 28% 4% 5% South Sudan 1020 79% 10% 6% 5% Spain 1146 52% 38% 9% 1% Sweden 501 29% 50% 8% 12% Switzerland 507 50% 38% 9% 4% Tunisia 503 75% 22% 0% 2% Turkey 1031 23% 73% 2% 2% Ukraine 1013 71% 20% 3% 6% United States 1002 60% 30% 5% 5% Uzbekistan 500 79% 16% 2% 3% Vietnam 500 30% 65% 0% 5% Note 1: Global Average is weighted according to Weighting Scheme explained in the Methods Chapter 2: In some cases the total may not add up to 100 or mismatch with earlier tables to the extent of 1%. Please ignore this, as it is due to round off error.
Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Table 7

GLOBAL RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM INDEX: REGION-WISE
(Detailed Table)
Question: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious persons or a convinced atheist?

Percent of Respondents Global Average
51927 59% 23% 13% 5%

REGIONAL CLASSIFICATION
Sample Size Unweighted N
A religious person Not a religious person A convinced atheist Don’t know / no response

All Regions North America Latin America Western Europe Eastern Europe Africa Arab World West Asia South Asia East Asia North Asia G-7 United States of America Canada Germany France Italy Japan BRIC Brazil Russian Federation India China Other G-20 Argentina Korea Turkey Australia South Africa Saudi Arabia Global Flash- Points Iraq Afghanistan Pakistan

51927 2005 5217 11227 12437 5278 3131 5777 1091 1020 4744 6365 1002 1003 502 1671 987 1200 4593 2002 1000 1091 500 5299 1002 1524 1031 1040 200 502 5362 1000 1031 2705

59% 57% 84% 51% 66% 89% 77% 64% 83% 39% 17% 48% 60% 46% 51% 37% 73% 16% 60% 85% 55% 81% 14% 46% 72% 52% 23% 37% 64% 75% 83% 88% 83% 84%

23% 33% 13% 32% 21% 7% 18% 30% 11% 57% 30% 30% 30% 40% 33% 34% 15% 31% 18% 13% 26% 13% 30% 45% 19% 31% 73% 48% 28% 19% 9% 9% 15% 8%

13% 6% 2% 14% 5% 2% 2% 3% 3% 0% 42% 14% 5% 9% 15% 29% 8% 31% 17% 1% 6% 3% 47% 7% 7% 15% 2% 10% 4% 5% 3% 0% 0% 2%

5% 5% 1% 3% 8% 2% 2% 4% 3% 4% 11% 7% 5% 5% 1% 1% 4% 23% 5% 1% 13% 3% 9% 3% 1% 2% 2% 5% 5% 1% 4% 3% 2% 6%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 Palestine Emerging and other Nations in Asia and Latin America Malaysia Hong Kong Vietnam Peru Ecuador Colombia Fiji Emerging and other Nations in Western Europe Spain Sweden Finland Iceland Austria Switzerland Belgium Netherlands Ireland Lebanon Emerging and other Nations in Eastern Europe Poland Romania Czech Republic Bulgaria Bosnia and Herzegovina Macedonia Serbia Moldova CIS/ Former Soviet Union Ukraine Lithuania Armenia Azerbaijan Uzbekistan Georgia Africa Nigeria Kenya Tunisia Ghana 626 4753 65% 29% 43% 4% 1% 2%

52%

4%

520 500 500 1207 400 606 1020 7527

81% 38% 30% 86% 70% 83% 92% 48%

13% 51% 65% 8% 27% 12% 5% 39%

0% 9% 0% 3% 2% 3% 1% 10%

6% 2% 5% 3% 2% 2% 2% 3%

1146 501 984 852 1003 507 528 505 1001 500 7899

52% 29% 53% 57% 42% 50% 59% 43% 47% 64% 71%

38% 50% 38% 31% 43% 38% 26% 42% 44% 33% 18%

9% 8% 6% 10% 10% 9% 8% 14% 10% 2% 7%

1% 12% 3% 2% 5% 4% 7% 2% 0% 2%

4% 6% 3% 2% 12% 4% 1% 4% 7% 5% 6% 7% 2% 5% 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1%

520 1050 1000 997 1000 1209 1037 1086 4548 1013 1025 500 510 500 1000 5581 1049 1000 503 1505

81% 89% 20% 59% 67% 90% 77% 83% 74% 71% 69% 92% 44% 79% 84% 90% 93% 88% 75% 96%

9% 6% 48% 28% 25% 8% 16% 5% 19% 20% 22% 3% 51% 16% 12% 6% 4% 9% 22% 2%

5% 1% 30% 2% 4% 1% 3% 5% 2% 3% 1% 2% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 0%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 Cameroon 504 82% 14% 3% South Sudan 1020 79% 10% 6% Note: Global Average is weighted according to Weighting Scheme explained in the Methods Chapter 1% 5%

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Table 8

GLOBAL RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM INDEX: DEMOGRAPHIC GROUP-WISE
(Detailed Table)
Question: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious persons or a convinced atheist?

Percent of Respondents Global Average
51927
Sample Size Unweighted N

59%
A religious person

23%
Not a religious person

13%
A convinced atheist

5%
Don’t know / no response

Gender-wise Male Female Age-wise Under 30 30-50 51-65 +65 DK/NR Monthly Household Income-wise Low (Bottom quintile/20%) Medium low (Second quintile/20%) Medium (Third quintile/20%) Medium high (Fourth quintile/20%) High (Top quintile/20%) Refused/Don't know/no answer Education-wise No education/ only basic education Secondary school High level education (e.g. university) NR Religions-wise Roman Catholic Russian or Eastern Orthodox Protestant Other Christian Hindu Muslim

51927 26154 25773 50907 15030 20451 10222 5138 66 49907 9226 10100 10239 7223 6014 7105 50907 11279 24387 15081 160 48036 11495 7659 5334 3242 974 10505

59% 60% 57% 59% 60% 59% 53% 66% 77% 59% 66% 65% 56% 51% 49% 68% 59% 68% 61% 52% 59% 61% 81% 78% 83% 80% 82% 74%

23% 23% 23% 23% 22% 22% 27% 22% 9% 23% 21% 21% 23% 24% 27% 19% 23% 20% 23% 24% 9% 22% 16% 17% 14% 16% 12% 20%

13% 12% 14% 13% 12% 14% 14% 8% 7% 13% 7% 9% 15% 20% 19% 6% 13% 7% 10% 19% 9% 12% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 3%

5% 5% 6% 5% 5% 5% 6% 4% 7% 5% 6% 5% 5% 5% 5% 6% 5% 5% 6% 5% 23% 5% 2% 4% 2% 3% 3% 3%

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012 38% 54% 2% Jewish 106 97% 2% 0% Buddhist 725 76% 17% 3% Other 1234 3 % 47 % 45 % Nothing 5940 22% 18% 7% Refuse/ NA 822 Note: Global Average is weighted according to Weighting Scheme explained in the Methods Chapter 6% 1% 4% 6% 52%

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012

Summary Chart on Methods
Country Afghanistan Argentina Armenia Austria Australia Azerbaijan Belgium Bosnia Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada China Colombia Czech Republic Denmark Ecuador Egypt Fiji Finland France Georgia Germany Ghana Hong Kong Iceland India Contact Matthew Warshaw Gerardo TuñónCorti Aram Navasardyan Ingrid Lusk Peter Kenny Ashraf Hajiyev DetournayArther Aida HadziavdicBegovic Eduardo Azevedo Mila Grigorova Yaptie Placide Sarah Weill Zhou Xin Jaime Arteaga Jan Trojacek Roger Elsted Nancy Cordova Laila Guindy Tim Wilson Jari Pajunen Céline Bracq Merab Pachulia Johannes Huxoll Femi Laoye Christy Szeto Sigrún Drífa Jónsdóttir YashwantDeshmukh E-mail Matthew.Warshaw@acsorsurveys.com g.tunon@ibopeinteligencia.com.ar ama@netsys.am i.lusk@gallup.at Peter.Kenny@cbr.com.au Ashraf.Hajiyev@siar.az Adetournay@dedicated.be AIDA.HADZIAVDIC@MIB.BA Eduardo.azevedo@ibope.com.br m.grigorova@gallup-bbss.com Pyaptie@-africa.com sweill@legermarketing.com zhouxin@comrc.com.cn jarteaga@cnccol.com trojacek@mareco.cz roger.elsted@dma-research.com Nancy.cordova@cedatos.com laila.guindy@rada.com.eg tim@tebbuttresearch.com jari.pajunen@taloustutkimus.fi celine.bracq@bva.fr mpachulia@gorbi.com johannes.huxoll@tns-emnid.com olaoye@rms-africa.com christy.szeto@csg-worldwide.com sigrun.drifa.jonsdottir@capacent.i s yashwant@teamcvoter.com Company ACSOR-Surveys IBOPE Inteligencia S.A. MPG Osterreichisches Gallup Institute Colmar Brunton Research SIAR Research and Consulting Group Dedicated Research MARECO INDEX BOSNIA IBOPE Inteligência BBSS Gallup International TNSRMS Cameroun Leger Marketing CRC-Research Center, Ltd CNC Mareco s.r.o. DMA/Research CEDATOS RADA Research & Public Relations Co. Tebbutt Research Taloustutkimus Oy BVA Georgian Opinion Research Business International (GORBI) TNS Emnid TNS RMS Ghana Consumer Search Group Capacent Gallup CVoter News Services Pvt. Ltd. Mode Face to face Telephone Telephone Face to face Online Face to face Telephone Telephone Face to face Face to face Face to face Online Online Online Face to face Online Face to face Face to face Face to face Face to face Online Face to face Telephone Face to face Telephone Online Telephone National National Urban National National National Urban Urban National National National National National Urban National National Sample Type National Urban Data weighted? Yes No Size 1,031 1002 Fieldwork Dates Nov 25 - Dec 2 Nov 7-Nov 17

National
National National Urban National National

No
Yes Yes No Yes No

500
1003 1040 510 528 1000 2002 997 504 1003 500 606 1000 506 400 1000 1020 984 1671 1000 502 1505 500 852 1091

Dec 22-Dec26
Nov16-Dec 7 Dec 12 - Dec 13 Dec 2 - Dec 12 Nov 29-Dec 10 Nov 10 - Nov 18 Dec 08 -Dec12 Nov 4 - Nov 10 Oct29 - Nov 5 Nov 22-Nov 29 Nov 28 - Dec 8 Dec 1-Dec 6 Nov 16-Nov 28 Dec 02 – Dec 08 Nov, 2011 Nov 04 – Nov 13 Dec 16-Dec 20 Nov 6 - Nov 21 Dec 2-Dec 3-Dec 4 Dec 10-Dec19 9-Dec Nov 7-Nov 22 Nov 24 - Dec 11 Nov 24 - Dec 2 Dec 3 - Dec 10

National
National

No
Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012
Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Lebanon Lithuania Macedonia Malaysia Moldova Netherlands Nigeria Pakistan Palestine Perú Poland Romania Russia Saudi Arab Serbia South Africa South Korea
South Sudan

Munqith Dagher Sinead Mooney / Roisin O’Coineen Paolo Colombo Hisako Kumada Margit Cleveland SelimSaad Renata Ševcovienė Kalina Medarovska Kho Chai Kiat Ivanisheva Natalya Imre van Rooijen Josiah Kimanzi Fatima, Idrees (Ms.) Nabil Kukali Gustavo Yrala Grzegorz Dąbrowski Lucian Rotariu Ivanisheva Natalya Mohammed M. Aayed Petar Krstic Patson Gasura, Diana Nyarirangwe & Florence Ndanga Hyunjeong Jung
Margit Cleveland

munqith_daghir@iiacss.org sinead.mooney@redcresearch.ie / roisin.ocoineen@redcresearch.ie paolo.colombo@doxa.it kumada@nrc.co.jp

IIACSS RED C Research & Marketing Ltd Doxa Nippon Research Center, Ltd. Infinite Insight

Face to face Online Face to face Self Administered Face to face Telephone Face to face Face to face Face to face Face to face Telephone Face to face Face to face Face to face Face to face Face to face Face to face Online Telephone Face to face Face to face Face to face
Face to face

Urban National National National National National National National National National National Urban National National National Urban National Urban Urban National National National
National

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Yes

1000 1001 987 1200 1,000 500 1025 1209 520 1086 505 1,049 2705 626 1207 520 1050 1000 502 1037 200 1,524
1,020

Nov 20 - Dec 2 Dec 2-Dec 11 Nov 21-Dec 4 Nov 2 - Nov 14 Oct 26 - Nov 05 Nov, 2011 Dec 05-Dec12 Nov 18 - Nov 27 Nov 2 - Nov 30 Nov 30 - Dec 12 Nov 14-Nov 21 Nov 4-Nov 31 Dec 27 - Dec 3 Nov 29 - Dec 8 Dec 8 - Dec 10 Dec 30 – Jan 5 Nov 26-Dec 5 Dec 25 - Dec 28 Nov, 2011 Nov 3-Nov 8 Dec 2 - Dec 6 Nov 18-Dec 6
Nov 5 - Dec 6

margit@infiniteinsight.net s.saad@reachmass.com renata.sevcoviene@rait.lt kalina@brima.com.mk Chaikiat.kho@tnsglobal.com Ivanisheva.N@romir.ru i.van.rooijen@marketresponse.nl jkimanzi@rms-africa.com fatima.idrees@gallup.com.pk dr.kukali@pcpo.org gyrala@datum.com.pe grzegorz.dabrowski@mareco.pl lucian.rotariu@csop.ro Ivanisheva.N@romir.ru m.aayed@parc-ksa.com petar.krstic@tnsmediumgallup.co. rs patson@topliners.co.za, diana@topliners.co.za & Florence@topliners.co.za hjujung@gallup.co.kr
margit@infiniteinsight.net

REACH S.A.L RAIT Ltd. BRIMA TNS RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL Romir Market Response TNS RMS Nigeria Gallup Pakistan Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO) Datum Internacional S.A. Mareco Polska T.N.S. C.S.O.P Romir PAN ARAB RESEARCH CENTER (PARC) TNS Medium Gallup Topline Research Solutions (TRS) Gallup Korea
Infinite Insight

Spain Sweden Switzerland Tunisia Turkey Ukraine USA Uzbekistan

Carlos Clavero / Luciano Miguel Johan Lilliecreutz Barbara Schumacher Nabil Belaam Derya Değerli / Esra Dalgıç Ivanisheva Natalya Cindy Kaminski Ivanisheva Natalya

carlos.clavero@institutodym.es / luciano.miguel@institutodym.es

Instituto DYM

Face to face Online Face to face Face to face Telephone Face to face online Face to face

National National National National National National National Urban

Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No

1146 501 507 503 1031 1,013 1002 500

Nov 17-Dec 6 Nov 9-Nov 11 Nov 23 - Dec 5 Nov 24-Dec 2 Dec 6 - Dec 12 Nov 22 - Dec 4 Nov 22-Nov 29 Nov 16-Dec 6

CMA Research AB johan.lilliecreutz@cmaresearch.se Barbara.schumacher@isopublic.c ISOPUBLIC AG h EMRHOD emrhod@gnet.tn INTERNATIONAL d.degerli@barem.com.tr Barem Research /e.dalgic@barem.com.tr Ivanisheva.N@romir.ru Romir ckaminski@trig-us.com TRiG Ivanisheva.N@romir.ru Romir

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WIN-Gallup International GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM - 2012
Vietnam Summary: 12Tran Nguyen My Dung Total Countries: 59 Mode of Interview: dung_tnm@irl-hcm.com.vn Indochina Research Limited Face to face National Yes 500 Nov 1 - Nov 09

34-

Coverage: Field Work Dates:

(n=51,927) a. Fact to Face: Countries 35 (n=33,890) b. Telephone: Countries 11 (n=7,661) c. Online: Countries 11 (n=10,376) National: Countries 45 (n=43,214) Urban only: Countries 12 (n=8,713) November 2011 – January, 2012

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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For more details : Rushna Shahid Assisting Gallup International Opinion Research Group Tele: +92-51-2655630 Fax: +92-51-2655632 Email: rushna.shahid@gallup.com.pk Irene Zuettel Gallup International Zurich Tele: +41 (0) 44 806 6650 Fax : +41 (0) 44 806 6660 Email:jirene.zuettel@gallup-international.com

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see website: www.Gallup-international.com

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