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Dakrtih Hydropower Project Package DT-02-TBD Volume 2: Specifications

Bidding Documents

DIVISION 05: ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS Section 05.01 Section 05.02 Section 05.03 Section 05.04 Section 05.05 Section 05.06 Section 05.07 Section 05.08 Section 05.09 Section 05.10 Section 05.11 Section 05.12 Section 05.13 Section 05.14 Section 05.15 Section 05.16 Basic electrical requirements 13.8 kV Isolated Phase Bus duct (IPB) Medium voltage switchgear Auxiliary transformers AC low voltage distribution system DC distribution system Stand-by diesel generator Clock system Control, protection and monitoring equipment Cables, wiring and raceways Lighting and Socket Outlet System Ventilation and air conditioning System Fire alarm and fire fighting System Telecommunication System Grounding and lightning protection System Water measuring System

CC1

October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

Dakrtih Hydropower Project Package DT-02-TBD Volume 2: Specifications

Bidding Documents

CC1

October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

Dakrtih Hydropower Project Package DT-02TBD Volume 2: Specifications

Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.01 - BASIC ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

1. 1.1

GENERAL WORK INCLUDED This section specifies general requirements applicable to all electrical equipment and control system to be supplied in accordance with Package DT-02TBD, unless different requirements are specified in the subsequent sections. Any work related to other packages, the Contractor of this package must provide requirements of design, input calculations to other contractors. The embedded parts in conformity with suitable technology must be manufactured and erected by the Contractor of this Package and approved by the Employer (e.g.: static and dynamic load of moment, underground and in-wall pipeline, cable, ventilation and etc)

1.2 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.2.1 General All items of equipment shall be designed giving due consideration to the most recent technical advances. They shall include the necessary back-up facilities to ensure reliable execution of the services specified not only during normal operating periods but also in the event of faults. The aesthetic aspect of the equipment shall be studied with particular care in order to be sure that it blends in with the general architecture of the works. 1.2.2 Safety systems Generally speaking, the installations shall be designed and manufactured with a view to achieving the highest possible level of safety with regard to both operating personnel and equipment, while at the same time affording access to the equipment without danger for inspection and maintenance purposes. In this respect, all components of medium-voltage circuits shall be protected from any possible accidental contact by means of solid or metal panels, latticed panel being only permissible to allow ventilation. These panels shall be provided with key-operated locks and shall be made difficult to dismantle; three keys shall be supplied for the locks. Low-voltage circuits shall be installed in such a manner that no live component comes within normal reach. 1.2.3 Interlocking (1) Provision shall be made for all necessary interlocking systems to prevent potential accidental operations. (2) Cells shall be designed in the following manner: (a) Door opening shall be mechanically linked to the position of the switch and control gear so that internal access to the compartment concerned shall be possible only if all the devices therein are disconnected and if this compartment is physically separated from neighbouring compartments possibly containing live devices. (b) A cylinder lock and three keys shall be supplied by the Contractor for all cabinets or cubicles. (3) Electrical devices shall be interlocked mechanically, electrically or by means of keys, thereby making it impossible to operate a device until all other devices on the same circuit are in a configuration allowing such operation.
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(4) A general panel shall give details of all these instructions, and for this purpose shall include an explicit diagram. (5) All these instructions shall be submitted for the prior approval of the Employer. 1.2.4 Dismantlability The equipment shall be designed so that any item or part of the equipment can be easily dismantled for maintenance, possible repairs or handling. Dismantling and maintenance of any or all parts of electrical equipment shall be made as simple as possible, without any need to interrupt the operation of neighbouring equipment. 1.2.5 Interchangeability - Standardisation With a view to standardising the equipment installed and reducing the number of spare parts, the Contractor shall as far as possible minimise the number of appliance ratings used by including the maximum number of standard electrical and mechanical components. Interchangeability of electrical appliances of equivalent rating shall also apply to their auxiliary contacts. If certain modifications are made to the equipment during manufacture or erection, these modifications must be approved by the Employer and, in this case, shall be applied to all the appliances of the same type. 1.2.6 Markings (1) The various components of the electrical installations: appliances, conductors, cables, etc. shall be given material markings and rating plates giving information on their nature and the section to which they belong. (2) Marking standards shall be submitted for the Employer prior approval. They shall be based on the following rules: (a) All marking and labels shall be in English, clearly readable and indelible. (b) Markings on diagrams shall be designed to make such diagrams easier to read and understand and to indicate the exact location of appliances and terminals which may have to be inspected, especially for troubleshooting purposes. (c) The material markings used must enable the corresponding components of the installation to be located rapidly and without ambiguity both on the diagram and in the actual installation. (3) Markings shall be given on: (a) the main installation centres such as the machine room, control room, outdoor substation, etc., (b) items of the installation which form functional assemblies or subassemblies, such as parts of boards or cubicles allocated to a section, distribution boxes, cells, isolated switchgear and control gear cabinets, (c) main appliances (turbine, transformers, etc.), (d) secondary appliances (relays, switchgear, control gear, etc.), (e) intermediate wiring terminals, connections and conductors, (f) cables. (4) Unless indicated to the contrary, the markings of the main installation centres shown on the diagrams do not need to be materialised in the actual installation. (5) The "installation components" must be very clearly identified by means of their complete composite marking with, in addition, an indication for identifying the section to which they belong. (6) "Common items" must be identified by their functional markings with, in addition, a clear indication of their nature wherever possible.
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(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12) (13)

(14)

The main appliances shall be provided with their functional marking with indication of the section to which they belong and, where needed, the diagram sheet number on which they are fully represented. If necessary, they must also be provided with a rating plate clearly indicating their nature and exact function. This will be the case, for example, for contactors or circuit-breakers on the auxiliaries distribution board. Devices which are fixed to panels and are back connected shall be identified both at the front and at the back of the panel. This will be the case, for example, for push buttons, switches, etc. Secondary appliances are always provided with their functional identification mark. In addition, they are identified as follow: (a) With their position maker if they are fitted inside an installation component and the main installation centre marker if they are installed alone. (b) With the sheet number of the diagram on which they are fully represented. Terminal strips are identified by means of the lower-case letter used on the diagrams for identifying the terminals in the strip. In a given installation component, terminal strip identification marks follow in order from top to bottom if they are horizontal, and from top to bottom and left to right if they are vertical; Intermediate wiring terminals are identified only by their order number on the terminal strip from 01 to 99. Each end of all cables is marked with an indelible label showing its number and an indication of the section to which the cable belongs. Each end of each conductor shall be provided with: (a) the terminal number (appliance terminal, or intermediate wiring terminal) to which the conductor is connected, (b) terminal tags arranged so that markings are easy to read. The choice of marking systems and marking fastening systems whether, dependent, independent or composite, shall be the subject of discussion between the Employer and the Contractor.

1.3

DESIGN CRITERIA In his dimensional design calculations, the Manufacturer shall allow for the most adverse conditions to be withstood by the structures, whether in normal operation or during manufacture, transport or erection. All parts shall be made with a sufficient safety coefficient to stand up to alternating forces, vibration, electrodynamic forces induced by short-circuit currents under the most adverse conditions as well as to the corresponding temperature rise until tripping of protection systems. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES GENERAL (1) The degree of protection of motors and enclosures (boards, cubicles, cabinets, etc.) within which electrical equipment is to be installed, shall be as follows: (a) IP 31 for indoor LV equipment in air conditioned rooms; (b) IP 44 for indoor equipment; (c) IP 55 for outdoor equipment. (2) All mechanical and electrical equipment installed both indoors and outdoors shall be designed to resist the effects of atmospheric agents and specified climatic conditions in total safety.

2. 2.1

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(3) In view of the particularly severe climatic conditions, the equipment shall be subjected to "tropicalisation" treatment. All steel parts will be cadmium plated and passivated. Insulating parts will be made from anticreeper and antimould products. (4) All electrical equipment components subject to normal or accidental wear shall be provided with removable parts for easy or economical replacement, if possible without requiring the total replacement of the components concerned. (5) All assembly bolts and screws shall be locked after tightening. (6) These bolts and screws shall be effectively protected from corrosion by cadmium plating, sherardisation or by any other process approved by the Employer. (7) The ISO metric system shall be adopted for all threads. 2.2 CORROSION PROTECTION 2.2.1 General (1) All electrical equipment shall be given factory protection against the corrosive effects of atmospheric agents and the sun's ultra-violet rays. During equipment handling operations both in the workshop and during transport and erection, the Contractor shall, insofar as possible, take all precautions to avoid damaging or blemishing the protective coatings already applied. (2) The Contractor shall be responsible for touching up work where necessary and, in extreme cases, may be required to replace cubicles or boards with damaged paintwork. (3) Regardless of the place where protective coatings are applied or repairs made, the Contractor shall bear the cost of all facilities required. (4) Corrosion protection systems shall be selected considering the shipment, site storage and final use conditions. In particular, all equipment shall be given marine protection. 2.2.2 Protection of cubicles and boards (1) Frames and outer partitions shall be made of galvanised steel plate protected by: (a) An epoxy coating for frames, rear panels and end panels. (b) Oven-fired glycerophthalic paint for front panels. (2) Internal partitions made of steel shall be treated in the same way or galvanised. Aluminium partitions may be left unprinted. 2.2.3 Protection of motors Machines shall be protected by a three-coat system, including two chromate primers and a polyurethane lacquer top coat. Rotors shall be protected by an epoxy or polyurethane varnish; rating plates shall be made of stainless steel. 2.2.4 Protection of transformers Both the inside and outside of metallic parts shall be corrosion protected. Prior to painting, the surfaces shall be treated either chemically or mechanically. The chemical treatment shall consist of dipping the pieces into a cleaning mixture then, after rinsing, by dipping the pieces into bichromate of zinc. The mechanical treatment shall consist of shot-blasting plus a coat of bichromate of zinc if the surface cannot be painted immediately after the shot-blasting. Exterior surfaces shall be protected with one coat of chromate of zinc primer and two coats of glycerophtalic paint. Interior surfaces shall be protected with one coat of chromate of zinc primer. 2.3 ACCESSORY ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 2.3.1 Voltages to be used
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2.3.2

2.3.3

2.3.4

2.3.5

2.3.6

The low voltage, AC equipment shall operate at: (1) 400 V three phase 10%. (2) 230 V single phase 10% at frequency of 50 Hz 2 Hz. If another voltage is required for certain special items of equipment, the Contractor shall provide the necessary transformers. The low voltage DC equipment shall operate at rated voltages of 220V. All low voltage equipment shall be submitted to a minimum test voltage of 2000 V for a period of one minute (electronic equipment shall be disconnected during the test). Contactors (1) All contactors shall conform to the IEC standards and recommendations. (2) Their nominal ratings shall be chosen 20% above the highest service currents. (3) Under no circumstances shall the contactor operation in any way disturb or affect other relays installed on the same chassis. (4) Thermal or thermo-magnetic protection relays shall be installed on every phase; they shall be temperature compensated and shall include a single phase protection. In addition to the auxiliary contacts necessary for normal operation of the installation, each contactor shall be provided with a block of at least two extra instantaneous contacts (opening + closing). Circuit breakers (1) The installation of all AC and DC circuit-breakers shall comply with the IEC standards. (2) The circuit-breakers shall be of the fast operating type with manual closing and automatic tripping. They shall be provided with thermo-magnetic relays on each line phase. (3) Suitably calibrated high breaking capacity fuses or other limiting devices shall provide a back-up protection when the capacity of the circuit-breakers is insufficient to break short circuits. Protection and auxiliary relays (1) The relays shall be of the 'plug-in' type. They shall be protected by a sealed cover and shall be mounted in a cubicle, on a relay chassis preferably made of aluminium or folded steel plate. (2) The protection relays shall be carefully installed so that they shall not be affected by shocks or vibrations. The protection relays shall have their adjustment devices on their front face and each relay shall be supplied with a corresponding calibration curve. (3) The auxiliary relays shall be of the electro-magnetic coil type, AC supplied at 230 V or DC supplied at 220 V. (4) The making and breaking capacity of the contacts shall not be less than 2 A at 230 V (resistive load and AC supply) and 0.6 A at 220 V (inductive load and DC supply). (5) The auxiliary relays function must be able to satisfactorily when the voltage variation is +10% and -20% of the rated supply voltage. Change-over switches and push buttons (1) The change-over switches and push buttons shall be of the normal enclosure type, unless otherwise stated in the specifications. The minimum rated current shall be 10 A. (2) All isolating switches and push buttons shall have an engraved metal indicator ring describing their function. Fault annunciators - signal lamps (1) Fault or operating mode signal boxes shall be of the multiple type consisting of a series of rectangular windows placed side by side both horizontally and vertically. Each box shall be fitted with one or several lamps and a translucent cover engraved with the corresponding function.
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(2) Each signal box assembly shall have at least two boxes in reserve. All external connections shall be of the screw terminal type. All signal lamps shall be able to withstand a voltage 15% greater than the rated voltage. (3) The fault signalling sequence shall be the following: (a) When a fault occurs, the lamp flashes (signal stored) and the audible alarm starts up. (b) The horn stops when the acknowledgment button is depressed. (c) When the 'Reset' button is depressed: (i) if the fault persists, the fault signal lamp changes from a flashing light to remain permanently lit, (ii) if the fault has disappeared, the signal lamp goes off (regardless of whether it was flashing or permanently lit). 2.3.7 Terminal blocks (1) In general, the connection of the control and monitoring circuits to the different items of equipment, such as the indicators, recorders, relays, signal boxes, etc. shall be made with screwed fork-clip connections. (2) The electrical boards, panels, cabinets, cubicles or chassis mountings shall have terminal blocks grouped in one or several rows, located in an easily accessible place. The terminal blocks for external circuits shall be located in the low voltage compartment of each board, panel, cabinet and cubicle. (3) The terminal blocks shall be of the screw type and shall be made of insulating materials mounted on special steel supports. The parts of terminal blocks of different voltage ratings shall be separated by insulated compartments. The distance between any two adjacent terminals shall not be less than 6 mm. As far as possible terminals with isolator switches will be used. (4) No more than one conductor shall be connected to any one terminal, the terminals being bridge connected for parallel connection. Each terminal block shall have approximately 10% spare terminals. For the purpose of connection the cable end shall be fitted with crimped terminals. 2.3.8 Low voltage equipment cabinets, boards and panels (1) All boards, panels, cabinets and cubicles shall be of the enclosed, dust and vermin-proof type. When installed outdoors or in humid places, they shall be designed to be weatherproof and be galvanised or zinc-plated. In order to avoid oxidation caused by condensation, resistance heaters with thermostat shall be provided. (2) The access doors shall be lockable from the outside although it shall always be possible to open them from the inside. (3) A corrosion resistant metal name plate, with an engraved description of the panel, shall be fixed to the top of the front face. The inscriptions shall be in English. (4) The busbars shall be made of copper and marked with conventional colours. Copper cables shall be used for the internal wiring. All cable wires shall have end-lugs and shall be connected by one side only to the terminal block. (5) Glands will be used for all cable inlets into the panels. The diameter of cable glands shall be determined as a function of the outside diameter of the cable. The gland plate shall be drilled only at the time of installation of the gland. (6) The front panels shall house the indicators, measuring instrument, recorder push buttons, control switches and the signal lamps and fault signal boxes. (7) All equipment placed on the outside of the panels shall be of the built-in type, of standard dimensions, connected from behind. 2.3.9 Motors
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(1) Electric motors shall comply with the recommendations of IEC standards 34-1 to 34-9, 72-1 and 72-2. (2) The motors shall be capable of starting under a voltage 10% below the rated voltage. (3) Motor windings shall be Class B insulated. (4) The motors shall be designed (as per IEC recommendations 34-1): (a) For the gate: intermittent periodic duty time (S3). (b) For handling equipment: intermittent periodic duty time with electric braking (S5). (c) For pumps, fans, compressors and other equipment: continuous running duty type (S1). (5) Vibration: The maximum values of RMS velocity at design operating speed shall not exceed the 1.8 mm/s criterion of VDI 2056 Group K. The following class will be chosen: (a) N (normal) for machines up to a shaft height of 225 mm. (b) R (reduced) for machines of shaft height between 225 and 315 mm and, by extension, above a shaft height of 315 mm. Once installed, the uncoupled machine shall not be subjected to vibration in excess of these tolerances. (6) The permissible noise levels will be measured in dBA. They shall be expressed in sound pressure and measured in accordance with French standard NF C 51-111 (or equivalent). (7) Manufacture - Design: (a) Frame: Motor frames and end plates shall be made of cast metal or of thick welded plate and shall be provided with: (i) Lifting hooks for machines weighing more than 50 kg. (ii) An ISO threaded terminal of 8 mm minimum diameter for connection to the earthing circuit; this terminal shall be located on a fastening lug, on the opposite side to the coupling or, if applicable, on the fastening plate. Provision shall be made for one or more condensation water drain holes in the bottom of the frame or bearings. (b) Bearing blocks: Ball bearings with prestressing springs shall be used in preference to roller bearings. The bearings shall be guaranteed for 30 000 hours of operation without incident at the rated speed of the machine. Lubrication shall be preferably by grease, and shall not require grease replacement during the guaranteed period of operation. (c) Cooling: The motors shall be of the self-cooling type with shaft-mounted fan. The cooling air shall be directed towards the coupling side (fan mounted on the opposite side to the coupling). (d) Terminal box: The Contractor shall provide terminal boxes which shall be adapted to the types of cable powering the motor. The boxes shall have the same degree of protection as that of the motor. The terminals shall be clearly marked. One earthing terminal shall be provided. (e) Windings: Windings shall be made of annealed copper. (8) Each motor will be provided with a corrosion free nameplate marked with the following motor characteristics:
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(a)Name of manufacturer, (b)Type, serial number and manufacturing number. (c)Rated power and frequency (in Hz), (d) Speed under load (in rpm). (e)Rated voltage in volts according to star or delta connection. (f) Full-load or no-load current according to star or delta connection. (g) Rated power factor (cos ). (h)Insulation class and degree of protection. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION WORKSHOP ERECTION PROCEDURES Except where otherwise approved by the Employer, each machine, device, appliance and assembly shall be completely erected in the Contractor's workshops, with each part marked in order to be sure of correct assembly during site erection. All possible adjustments shall be made in the workshop thereby minimising those required on site. Erected assemblies shall be submitted for the Employer's inspection. SITE ERECTION PROCEDURES (1) Foundation blocks, steel reinforcement for concrete, concrete slabs, pipe ducts, cable ducts and temporary erection blocks shall be covered under Work: Civil work. (2) The Contractor shall be responsible for installation of the equipment on the foundations; all necessary adjustments and levelling operations for proper seating of the equipment shall be carried out by the Contractor before final stage concreting.

3.2

CC1

October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.02

Dakrtih Hydropower Project Package DT-02TBD Volume 2: Specifications

Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.02 - 13.8 KV ISOLATED PHASE BUS DUCT (IPB)

1. 1.1

GENERAL SCOPE OF WORK The present specifications cover all works concerning to the Isolated Phase Bus duct (IPB) and associated equipment such as seal-off bushings and bus duct supports. The IPB shall be provided for the following connections on both units: Main circuits: generator main transformer (including connection and supply from Stator output bar in generator pit to porcelain of transformer, partition, joint bolt, and soft connection bus-bar) Branch circuits for excitation transformers (including connection and supply from isolated bus duct to the input of equipment inclusive soft connection bus-bar) Each generator neutral side output to its associated neutral point cubicle (including connection and supply from Stator neutral output bar in generator pit to isolated bus duct and neutral cabinet of generator).

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade. (2) Division 03 : Generator units (3) Division 06 : Power transformer and 220kV switchgears 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS Each phase conductor of the IPB shall be enclosed by an individual metal housing separated from adjacent conductor housings by an air space. In order to prevent the entrance of damp and dusty air from outside and to clear any risk of condensation, the IPB shall be pressurized using the compressed air of the powerhouse through air dryer and dust filter. Safety valves to limit overpressure and compensation of leakages system to maintain nominal pressure shall be provided. Seal-off bushings shall be provided at the entrance of bus ducts. Connections between 13.8kV equipment (such as excitation transformers..) and seal-off bushings shall be provided. Connections shall be of the flexible type, all contact surface shall be silver plated and connections shall be security bolted.

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Standards The equipment shall be in accordance with IEC standards, especially: (1) IEC 298 : AC metal-enclosed switchgear and control-gear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV. (2) IEC 694 : Common specifications for high voltage switchgear and controlgear standards.
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IEC 273 : Characteristics of indoor and outdoor post insulators for systems with nominal voltages greater than 1000 V. 1.4.2 Design criteria The optimal dimensions of IPB (main busbar and tee-off busbars) shall be determined on the basis of the following parameters: (1) Rated voltage : 13.8 kV. (2) Voltage level for equipments : 17.5 kV. (3) Rated frequency : 50 Hz (4) Rated current : 2000 A for main circuits. : 1000 A for branched circuits. : 2000 A for neutral circuits (5) Rated short time withstand current : 50 kA/3s (6) Rated peak withstand current : 125 kA (7) Impulse withstand voltage (peak) : 95 kV (8) Power frequency withstand voltage : 38 kV 1.4.3 Workshop tests (1) Type tests The following type tests shall be carried out by the Manufacturer, according to IEC standards: (a)Dielectric tests, (b)Temperature rise tests, (c)Short-time and peak withstand current tests, (2) Routine tests according to IEC standards : (a)Power frequency voltage withstand tests, (b)Air tightness test, 1.5 SUBMITTALS The Manufacturer shall submit for the Employers approval: (1) Electrical and mechanical design calculation notes of the IPB (main bus-bar and tee-off bus-bars), (2) IPB supporting structures calculations note including grounding method of IPB. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

(3)

2.

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Bus enclosure The bus enclosure shall be circular, made of aluminium and shall have a degree of protection equal to or better than IP67. The design of bus duct enclosure shall be such that it will withstand the internal and external pressures resulting from normal operating conditions, electro-dynamic force by short circuit currents, conduction current on enclosure by short circuit, adverse weather conditions. Under normal operating conditions, the temperature of enclosure shall not exceed 65C. The inside of bus enclosure shall be painted with a matt paint of black colour, to facilitate efficient heat dissipation. The enclosure shall be suitable for connections with generator terminals, generator circuit breakers, main transformers and excitation transformer. Flexible expansion joints or rubber bellow joints for the bus enclosure shall be provided wherever deemed necessary by the Contractor.
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2.1.2

2.1.3

2.1.4

2.1.5

2.1.6

The bus ducting shall be equipped with removable covers at all necessary points for inspection and maintenance purposes. Bus conductor The conductor shall be of the circular form, made of high quality electrolytic aluminium, not less than 99.5% pure and covered by a coat of matt black paint to facilitate heat dissipation. The bus conductor shall be designed to carry the rated current under normal site operating conditions without exceeding a temperature of 90 C. Adjacent sections of the bus conductors shall be welded to provide an efficient, electrically continuous and mechanically strong connection: (1) Welded rigid joints shall be of highest quality done as per recognised methods of welding practice. Suitable aluminium connectors shall be provided wherever the bus section changes. (2) Welded expansion joints: flexible aluminium connectors welded to the busbars shall be provided wherever deemed necessary. Bus support insulators (1) Within the bus duct, the bus shall be mounted and supported on insulators made of porcelain or epoxy resin. They shall be mounted on resilient flanges provided in the bus enclosure. (2) The insulators shall have sufficient mechanical strength to withstand the forces due to subtransient short circuit currents. Seal-off bushings Each phase of the bus duct shall be equipped wherever necessary with baffles or seal-off bushings to prevent interchange of air at different temperatures as well as infiltration of dust. The seal-off bushings shall be flanged type. The seal-off bushing insulator shall be of epoxy or porcelain. The bushings shall be designed for thermal expansion/contraction due to temperature differential. The seal-off bushing insulator shall withstand the maximum short circuit forces under fault conditions. Bus duct support The supporting structures for the bus duct shall be fabricated from standard steel sections and shall be hot dip galvanized after fabrication. The structures shall be located in such a way that easy access shall be provided at the connecting points. The supporting structures shall be designed to withstand the dead weight of the bus duct, the short circuit forces under maximum fault conditions and forces due to seismic acceleration. Miscellaneous Aluminium wall-sealing plates as well as gaskets shall be supplied in order to seal the space not occupied by the enclosures in the wall opening and to separate the indoor and outdoor ambient.

2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Spare parts (1) Bus support insulators (3 of each type), (2) Seal-off bushings (1 of each type), (3) Sleeve for seal-off bushings (1 of each type), (4) Flexible connectors (2 of each type), (5) 1 set of the different types of gaskets and rubber bellows, (6) 2 insulating device for enclosure,
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(7) 1 live contact air pressure gauge , 1 thermometer, 1 pressure valve, 2.2.2 Special tools The following special tools shall be include in the supply : (1) Reinforced aluminium ring (2 of each type), (2) 1 set of contact grease, (3) Electro-dynamic key, (4) 2 stainless steel brush, (5) 6 silicone tubes, (6) 2 band-it tools. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION Each supporting structure shall be securely connected at two points to the earthing system. All enclosures shall be electrically connected at their ends in order to realise a metallic body. This body shall be connected at one point to the earthing system in order to avoid circulating loops. Insulated pads shall be supplied in order to insulate the IPB from the supporting structures. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL Dielectric tests shall be performed on site. Apparatuses to perform these tests shall be included in the supply.

3.2

CC1

October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.03

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Section 05.03 - MEDIUM VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR 1. 1.1 GENERAL WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the following: (1) The 13.8 kV generator output switchgear assembly. The 22kV powerhouse switchgear from 22KV dis-connector input, connection terminal and lightning protection of 22kV connection line (agreement with lightning connector of 22kV connection line package). From the last post of 22kV connection line if connected by 22kV high voltage connection cable. 22kV switchgears for intake and spillway from22kV dis-connector input, connection terminal, connection wire and lightning protection of 22kV connection line (agreement with lightning connector of 22kV connection line package) From the last post of 22kV connection line if connected by 22kV high voltage connection cable.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (2) Section 05.10 : Cables, wiring and raceways (3) Section 05.04 : Auxiliary transformer 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade. (2) Section 05.02 : 13.8kV isolated phabe bus duct (3) Section 05.09 : Control, protection and monitoring equipment. (4) Division 06 : Power transformer and 220kV switchgear 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 13.8kV generator output switchgear assembly Each generator output assembly switchgear shall consist of indoor-type, air-insulated, selfcontainted, self-supporting cubicles including all internal busbars, accessories and necessary measuring, namely: (1) One aluminium hermetic enclosure containing input generator circuit breaker , earth switch, voltage and current transformers and voltage transformer. Outgoing main circuit dis-connector, voltage transformer and earth switch. Main circuit dis-connector and earth switch will be controlled by remote motor. . (2) One set of load break switch (LBS) with fuse, earthing switch and current transformers. (3) A cubicle housing lighning arresters and surge capacitors. (4) One set of generator neutral connection including flat copper bar, enclosed busduct, current transformers. (5) One set of neutral cabinet housing one single phase disconnector, grounding transformer and one secondary resistor. Main characteristics
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(a) Generator circuit breaker GCB i) Type : Three - pole, using SF6 gas ii) Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii) Rated frequency : 50Hz iv) Rated current : 2000 A v) Rated short-time withstand current (3 sec) : 50 kA vi) Rated short-circuiting making current : 125 kA vii) Rated control voltage : 220 V A.C/D.C viii) Operating time : 2 cycles ix) Withstanding impulse voltage : 95 kV x) Power frequency voltage : 38 kV xi) Operating sequence for GCB : "CO - 30 min - CO" xii) Auxiliary switches (rating/number) : 220VDC/10A 4NO + 4NC (b) Disconnector for main circuits i) Type : Three - pole, ii) Rated service voltage : 17.5 kV iii) Rated frequency : 50Hz iv) Rated current : 2000 A v) Rated short time breaking current : 50 kA vi) Rated control voltage : 220 V A.C/D.C vii) Operating mechanism(type/motor rated voltage) : Motor operated 380/220V AC. viii) Auxiliary switches : (rating/number-min) : 250 V D.C/10A,12NO+12NC (c) Current transformers for neutral circuits i) Type : Single phase, four cores, toroidal, dry type for installation in enclosed busducts (IPB). ii) Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii) Rated current (primary/secondary) : 2000/1 A iv) Burden : 30 VA v) Accuracy class and saturation factor : 5P20 for protection (d) Current transformers for generator main circuits i) Type : Single phase, five cores, toroidal, dry type ii) Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii) Rated current (primary/secondary) : 2000/1 A iv) Burden : 30 VA v) Accuracy class and saturation factor : 5P20 for protection, 0.2 for meas. (e) Load break switch with fuse (LBFCO) i) Type : three pole, using SF6 gas ii) Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii) Rated frequency : 50Hz iv) Rated current : 630 A v) Rated withstanding short current : 25 kA/40KA vi) Rated peak withstanding current : 100 kA
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vii) Control voltage : 220VAC/DC viii) High voltage fuse : Transformer capacity of 1000KVA ix) Impulse withstanding voltage : 95 kV x) Power frequency withstanding voltage : 38 kV (f) Current transformers for service voltage transformer i. Type : Single phase, three cores, epoxy resin moulded type ii. Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii. Rated current (primary/secondary) : Decided by the Contractor iv. Burden : 30 VA v. Accuracy class and saturation factor : 5P20 for protection., 0.5 for measurement (g) Current transformers for excitation voltage transformer i. Type : Single phase, two cores, epoxy resin moulded type ii. Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii. Rated current (primary/secondary) : Decided by the Contractor iv. Burden : 30 VA v. Accuracy class and saturation factor : 5P20 for protection. (h) Voltage transformers i. Type : Three phase, two cores, epoxy resin moulded type ii. Rated voltage : 17.5 kV iii. Voltage ratio :13.8:3/0.11:3/0.11:3 KV iv. Burden : 30 VA v. Accuracy class 5P20 for protection secondary winding 1 : 0.2 secondary winding 2 (i) Generator neutral earthing equipment i. Type ii. Rated voltage iii. Voltage ratio iv. Time and Rated power (j) Surge facilities (a) Rated parameter 1.3.2 22kV powerhouse switchgear assembly The 22 kV distributrion switchgear shall be of indoor type, air insulated, self-contained, selfsupporting cubicles including all busbars, accessories, necessary measuring instruments, switchgear controller, all the switches, indicating lamps, relays and displays necessary for the overall supervision and control of the feeder arranged on a legible mimic diagram representing the electrical system single line diagram. 22 kV circuit breakers will be of SF6 type.
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: 3P : Single phase, epoxy resin moulded type : not be less than 18kV : 13.8:0.24 kV : Decided by the Contractor : 13.8kV, Contractor 130nF, Decided by the

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The 22 kV distribution switchgear shall include: 1. one withdrawable disconector unit and one set of earthing switches and surge arresters for ST3 auxiliary transformer. (a) rated current : 630 A (b) rated voltage : 24 kV (c) rated frequency : 50Hz (d) short time withstand current 1s : 40KA (e) Peak withstand current amplitude : 63kA (f) control voltage : 220V AC/DC 2. one set of SF6 circuit breaker can be used for ST3 auxiliary transformer (g) rated current : 630 A (h) rated voltage : 24 kV (i) rated frequency : 50Hz (j) short time withstand current 3s : 25 kA/40KA (k) Peak withstand current amplitude : 63kA (l) control voltage : 220V AC/DC (m)Surge withstand voltage : 125kV (n) Power withstand frequency voltage : 50kV (o) Protection level of cabinet (IEC 60529) : IP4X 1.3.3 22kV switchgear for intake and spillway (a) Lighting arresters shall be of outdoor use, pole mounted, explosion proof, zinc oxide gapless type. The rating shall be as follow: Rated voltage : 18kV Max.continuous operating voltage (line to ground) : not less than 13.9kV Nominal discharge current : 10kA Residual voltage : not less than 2.8 Accessories: necessary terminal connection, grounding terminal, other necessary accessories shall be provided for the lighting arresters mounted on the pole. (b) Load break switch with fuse (LBFCO) Type three poles, using SF6 gas Rated voltage : 24kV Rate current : 400A Rate short time withstand current : 20kA/25kA Control voltage : 220V AC/DC Rated duration of short circuit : 1 sec 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Standards The equipment shall be in accordance with IEC standards, especially: (1) IEC 44-1 : Instrument transformers Part1: Current transformers. (2) IEC 51 : Direct indicating analogue electrical measuring instruments and their accessories.
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: Alternating current disconnectors and earthing switches. : Measuring voltage transformer section 1: Voltage transformer : High voltage switches. : High voltage fuses. : AC metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV. (8) IEC 420 : High voltage alternating current switch-fuse combinations. (9) IEC 99-1 and 99-4: Surge arresters (10) IEC 60376: SF6 gas 1.4.2 Design criteria The service voltages, rated insulation voltages and corresponding test voltages as well as rated short time withstand current are indicated in 1.3. 1.4.3 Workshop tests (1) Type tests For each specified test, the Contractor may submit a certificate notifying the tests carried out on identical equipment. In the event that such certificates are not available or are rejected, the specified type tests would be carried out at the Manufacturer's expense. (a) Prefabricated boards and cubicles. One item of each type of equipment shall be subjected to a type test as per relevant IEC standard, (b) Separate appliances. A separate appliance of each type and of each rating will be subjected to a type test in accordance with applicable IEC standards and, in particular standards listed in 1.4.1. (2) Individual tests: Each prefabricated and equipped assembly and each appliance supplied separately will be subjected to individual tests as specified below: (a) Boards and cubicles. Individual tests according to relevant IEC standard including interchangeability checks on draw-out appliances; (b) Separate appliances. Each appliance shall be subjected to a routine test according to the applicable IEC standard. 2. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Prefabricated assemblies Assemblies consisting of metal-enclosed medium-voltage switchgear and control gear shall comply with the requirement of the relevant IEC standard. The Contractor shall supply the supporting structure made by galvalnized steel if nesseccary for installations. 2.1.2 Cubicles The high-voltage switchgear and control gear shall be mounted in prefabricated protected metal cubicles for indoor installation (degree of protection: IP 31). All cubicles shall have the same presentation in order to form a complete board. Separate compartments shall be provided in each cubicle for the cable inlets. Each cubicle shall be completely assembled in the factory, entirely wired and ready for connection to the power and control cables. The cubicles shall be fitted with neon lights indicating when bus live; neons shall derive supply from bushings. 2.1.3 Cubicle internal busbars
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(3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

IEC 129 IEC 44-2 IEC 265 IEC 265 IEC 298

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The set of busbars and associated connections shall be placed in a compartment apart from the switchgear and control gear and closed by a bolted panel. The busbar conductors shall be fitted on insulated supports and shall be properly spaced in relation to the insulation distance. The set of busbars, the connections and the supports shall be of an approved model and shall be designed to resist the specified short-circuits for three seconds. The busbars and connector parts shall be tinned or silvered at each connection point. The resistance of any portion of conductor including a connection shall not be greater than the resistance of an equivalent portion of conductor without a connection. 2.1.4 Circuit-breakers (1) Type Circuit-breakers shall be of the three-pole type with sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) as the breaking medium, and shall comply with the connection to IPB. The circuit-breakers shall be equipped with a spring-loaded energy accumulation operating mechanism that can be manually or electrically reset. The operating mechanism shall be designed to fulfil the following functions: (a) Arming of tripping mechanism by motor or emergency crank. (b) Automatic resetting of mechanism after closing. (c) Manual closing by push-button and electrical closing by solenoid (for remote control). (d) Manual opening by push-button and electrical opening by trip coil (for remote control). (e) Local indication of the circuit-breaker status and tripping spring. (f) Remote indication of circuit-breaker status by auxiliary contacts. In addition, the circuit-breakers shall be equipped with the following accessories: (a) Anti-hunting relays. (b) Operating counter. (2) Performance The circuit-breakers shall have a breaking short circuit current corresponding to the following three-phase short-circuit currents (ref. to 10.3). 2.1.5 Switches Switches shall be of the three-pole type with sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) as the breaking medium, and shall comply with the relevant IEC standard. The switches shall be equipped with a spring-loaded energy accumulation operating mechanism that can be manually or electrically reset. The operating mechanism shall be designed to fulfil the following functions: (a) Arming of tripping mechanism by motor or emergency crank. (b) Automatic resetting of mechanism after closing. (c) Manual closing by push-button and electrical closing (for remote control). (d) Manual opening by push-button and electrical opening (for remote control). (e) Local indication of the switch position and tripping spring. (f) Remote indication of switch position by auxiliary contacts. The switches shall be equipped with an operating counter. Switches shall be associated with a high-break fuses. The operation of a fuse-link shall cause the switch to open. 2.1.6 Instrument transformers (1) General
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Instrument transformers shall be of the dry-insulated type. They will be very largely dimensioned to ensure measurement accuracy, taking into account the consumption of appliances to be supplied, circuit losses and possible connection of additional appliances. (2) Current transformers Current transformers shall comply with the relevant IEC standard. Measuring instruments and protective relays shall be separately supplied by different current transformer windings. (3) Voltage transformers Voltage transformers shall comply with the relevant IEC standard. Depending on the standards used by the Manufacturer, the voltage transformers may be of the single or dual insulated pole type; the rated secondary voltage shall be 110V. Voltage transformers shall be protected by upline HCR fuses and downline circuit breakers. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Spare parts (1) 1 set of main contacts of each type. (2) 2 sets of auxiliary contacts of each type. (3) 1 set of opening and closing coils of each type. (4) 1 resetting motor of each type. (5) 1 protection relay of each type. (6) 1 set of springs of each type. (7) 2 current transformers of each type. (8) 1 voltage transformer of each type (9) 1 SF6 pressure gauge of each type. (10) 1 set of gas contacts of each type. (11) 1 ste of 3 high voltage fuses for each type 2.2.2 Special Tools A set of accessories shall be furnished with each board. The set of accessories shall include: (1) Operating accessories for the various appliances. (2) Accessories that may be required for removing and shifting appliances. (3) Standard operating and safety equipment for the safety and information of personnel, according to the location and use of the room containing the board. (4) A test plug of each type (current, voltage). (5) One set of special tools. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION FIELD QUALITY CONTROL Before energising, the following inspection and checking procedures will be carried out on the equipment: (1) Checking tightness of connections. (2) Insulation resistance measurement. (3) Operating tests.
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CC1

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.04

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Section 05.04 1. 1.1 GENERAL

- AUXILIARY TRANSFORMERS

WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the indoor and outdoor transformers and associated equipment for supplying the auxiliary circuits of the scheme namely: (1) 2 x 1000 kVA dry transformers, 13.8/0.4kV for supplying powerplant auxiliaries (2) 1 x 1000 kVA oil transformer, 22/0.4kV for emergency supplying powerplant auxiliaries. (3) 1 x 160 kVA oil transformer, 22/0.4kV for supplying intake . (4) 1 x 160 kVA oil transformer, 22/0.4kV for supplying spillway.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (3) Section 05.02 : 17.5kV Isolated phase bus duct (4) Section 05.03 : Medium voltage switchgears (5) Section 05.05 : AC low voltage distribution system 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade. 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS Main characteristics of auxiliary transformers: Main characteristics 13.8kV/0.4 kV 22 /0.4kV 22 /0.4kV (ST1 and ST2) (ST3) (ST4) Type Indoor, cast resin Indoor ,oil-type Outdoor,oil-type dry-type Rated power 1000 kVA 1000 kVA 100 kVA Rated frequency 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz Number of phases 3 3 3 HV rating 13.8 kV 22 kV 22 kV LV rating (at no load) 0.4-0.23 kV 0.4-0.23kV 0.4-0.23kV Vector group symbol Dyn 11 Dyn 11 Dyn 11 Cooling method AN ONAN ONAN Impedance voltage at rated current 8% 8% 6% Range of tappings on HV side 2 x 2.5% 2 x 2.5% 2 x 2.5% Rated impulse withstand voltages (kV) _ HV winding 95 kV 125 kV 125 kV _ LV winding 3 kV 3 kV 3 kV
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Power frequency voltages (kV) _ HV winding _ LV winding Type of tap changing Insulation class

withstand 38 kV 3 kV Off load F 50 kV 3 kV Off load B 50 kV 3 kV Off load B

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Reference standards (1) Standard IEC 76 : Power transformers (2) Standard IEC 85 : Thermal evaluation and classification of electrical insulation (3) Standard IEC 616 : Terminal and tapping markings for power transformers 1.4.2 Design criteria (1) Service conditions: The transformers shall be designed for continuous operation at the site conditions specified in Division 01. (2) Operating voltage - Insulation voltages: Nominal operating voltage 22 kV 24 125 50 13.8 kV 17.5 95 38 400 V 600 3000 230 V 600 3000

Highest voltage for equipment Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage Rated short duration power frequency withstand voltage 1.4.3 Workshop tests The workshop tests on the transformers shall be according to 1.5

IEC 76.

SUBMITTALS The Contractor shall submit for the Employers approval the load calculations for auxiliaries. For this purpose, the Employer will provide to the Contractor the capacity of the equipment supplied under other Contract (if any). GUARANTEE Should the measured values of characteristics be outside the values of characteristics indicated in Clause 1.3 with due allowance for tolerance according to IEC recommendation, the transformer will be considered as unsatisfactory and rejected. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

1.6

2.

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Cores Cores shall be of laminated construction. It shall consist of high permeability cold roller grain oriented steel sheets of low hysteresis coefficient and with low losses. 2.1.2 Windings The windings shall be made of electrolytic grade copper. 2.1.3 Protection relay of transformers Dry transformers shall be protected by 2-stage windings temperature probes. 2.1.4 Neutral terminal
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Neutral terminal of low voltage winding of each transformer shall be grounded. 2.1.5 Accessories and instruments For each transformer, the supply shall also include the following accessories: (1) lifting hooks or travel rollers, (2) earthing terminals, (3) rating plate with winding diagram. 2.2 3. 3.1 3.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS One protection relay of each type. EXECUTION ERECTION Transformers shall be installed in metal sheet housing - Protection of enclosure IP315. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL The following tests shall be carried out on site: (1) measurement of insulation resistance, (2) checking phase rotation, (3) checking of good operation of protection equipment, (4) measurement of temperature rise.

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October 2007

Division 05- Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.05

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Section 05.05 1. 1.1 GENERAL

- AC LOW VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the following low voltage AC distribution systems at powerhouse, switchyard, intake and spillway: (1) For the powerhouse: a) one hot standby board b) one main distribution board. c) two unit auxiliaries boards. d) two general services boards. e) 400 V local cubicles, (2) For the switchyard: a) one main distribution board, b) 400 V local cubicles, (3) For the spillway: a) 1 main distribution board, b) 3 spillway gate local cubicles, (4) For the intake: a) b) 1 main distribution board. 400 V local cubicles,

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (3) Section 05.04 : Auxiliary transformer (4) Section 05.07 : Stand-by diesel generator (5) Section 05.10 : Cables, wiring and raceways 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade. 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 System description A. At Powerhouse The adopted solution is shown on diagram and includes the following equipment: (1)The main distribution board (MDB-1) shall consist of single busbar system divided into two sections by a normally open coupling circuit breaker. Two sections shall be supplied from unit auxiliary transformers 13.8/0.4 kV ST1 and ST2 respectively . (2)The hot standby board (MDB-2) shall be fed from the 22/0.4kV auxiliary transformer ST3. The transformer ST3 shall be connected to the 22kV local ditribution line through the income cubicle with SF6 circuit-breaker and surge arrestor.
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(3)Essential switchboard (DB-1) fed via three separate circuits from one or the orther section of the main distribution board or from diesel-generator. Non-essential switchboard (DB-2) fed via two separate circuits from one or the orther section of the main distribution board. Motor control center boards (MCC-1 and MCC-2) fed via two separate circuits from section respectively of the main distribution board or from essential switchboard . B. At Switchyard The adopted solution is shown on diagram and includes the following equipment: (1)220kV switchyard auxiliary switchboard (DB-3) fed via three separate circuits from one or the orther section of the main distribution board (MDB-1) or from DB-1. (2)Local control boards. C. At Intake and spillway The adopted solution is shown on diagram and includes the following equipment: (1) One main distribution board taken from low voltage side of stepping down transformer (ST4/ST5) for power supply of intake/spillway load, which is determined by Contractor. The local control boards, gantry cranes and lighting systems shall be fed from main distribution boards. The transformer ST4, ST5 shall be supplied from the 22kV local ditribution line (see Section 05.10) (2) Local control boards. 1.3.2 Main characteristics of equipment A. At Powerhouse (1) Main distribution board (MDB-1) (a) Type : 3-phase + neutral, single busbars divided into sections by a bus couplers (b) Rated voltage : 400 V (c) Rated frequency : 50 Hz (d) Rated current : 3000 A . (e) Rated short time withstand current : 25 kA (f) Power frequency withstand voltage : 2500 V (1 min). (g) Control Voltage : 220V.D.C (h) Protection degree of cubicles : IP 43 (2) Hot standby board (MDB-2). (a) Type : 3-phase + neutral, single busbars (b) Rated voltage : 400 V (c) Rated frequency : 50 Hz (d) Rated current : 3000 A . (e) Rated short time withstand current : 25 kA (f) Power frequency withstand voltage :2500 V (1 min). (g) Control Voltage : 220V.D.C (h) Protection degree of cubicles : IP 43 (3) 0.4kV distribution boards (a) Type : 3-phase + neutral, single busbars (b) Rated voltage : 400 V (c) Rated frequency : 50 Hz (d) Rated current : 800 A and 400 A.
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(e) Rated short time withstand current : 25 kA (f) Power frequency withstand voltage : 2500 V (1 min). (g) Control Voltage : 220V.D.C (h) Protection degree of cubicles : IP 43 B. At Intake and spillway (1) Main distribution boards (a) Type : 3-phase + neutral, single busbars (b) Rated voltage : 400 V (c) Rated frequency : 50 Hz (d) Rated current : 250 A . (e) Rated short time withatand current : 12.5 kA (f) Power frequency withstand voltage :2500 V (1 min). (g) Control Voltage : 220V AC (h) Protection degree of cubicles : IP 43 1.3.3 Operating principles A. At Powerhouse When both two units being in operation, the all loads of power station and switchyard shall be fed from unit auxiliary transformer ST1 and ST2 via two sections of the main distribution board (MDB-1). The transformer ST1 or ST2 should be operated as backup each other in case of ST1 or ST2 failure. In case of loss one of the transformers shall switch-off the input circuit breaker and switch-on a coupling circuit breaker, the all loads of power station and switchyard shall be fed corresponding from unit auxiliary transformer ST1 or ST2. The transformer ST3 should be operated as back up of ST1 or ST2. In the event of two unit auxiliary transformers ST1 and ST2 being shut down, the two sections of MDB-1 shall be switched on to the hot standby board (MDB-2) and auxiliaries shall be supply from the local distribution line through 22/0.4kV auxiliary transformer ST3. In the event of outage on the 220kV voltage network, the essential switchboard are supplied automatically from the stand by diesel generator. In this case, non-essential auxiliaries are switched off. As soon as supply is restored, the standby diesel generator circuit-breaker is opened and normal service breakers are closed. In order to avoid paralleling, an interlock shall prevent both supplies being connected to hot standby board at the same time. The source changeover system shall be initiated automatically or manually depending on the mode selected via an Auto/Manual selector switch. B. At Intake and spillway Under normal operational conditions, the main distribution boards shall be received power from stepping down transformer ST4. The main distribution boards shall supply power for local control board of spillway gates, gantry crane and lighting system. In case of stepping down transformer is switched off, the main distribution board is automatically switched to stand by diesel generator. As soon as supply is restored, the standby diesel generator circuit-breaker is opened and normal service breakers are closed.
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In order to avoid paralleling, an interlock shall prevent the various incoming breakers from being closed simultaneously. The DC distribution system for intake and spillway control and consumer shall be also supplied under this Contract. 1.3.4 General description of the distribution boards Unless specifically indicated to the contrary, each distribution board shall be supplied fully equipped for power supply, protection, control, measurement and monitoring of all the circuits and devices to which it is connected. In particular, they shall include: (1) One set of change-over circuit-breakers for automatic changing over supplies from one section to another controlled in local and control centre. (2) Power circuits equipped with circuit-breakers, each of the circuits being carefully rated in relation to the equipment powered. (3) Auxiliary control, protecting, monitoring and measuring instruments required to meet the operating conditions (in conformity with interface) specified or defined by the Manufacturer responsible for supplying the equipment concerned. (4) Monitoring and power circuit terminal connection plates, including terminal strips reserved for remote control, telemetering or remote indication circuits. (5) Spare circuits equipped as indicated on the drawings. 1.3.5 General description of local control cubicles Each local control cubicle shall be supplied fully equipped for power supply, protection, control and monitoring of all the circuits and devices to which it is connected. In particular, they shall include: (1) One incoming circuit breakers. (2) Power circuits equipped with circuit-breakers or contactors with a fused isolator depending on the case, each of the circuits being carefully rated in relation to the equipment powered. (3) Auxiliary control, protecting, monitoring and measuring instruments required to meet the operating conditions (in conformity with interface) specified or defined by the Manufacturer responsible for supplying the equipment concerned. In particular, each motor feeder will be equipped with : (a) an ammeter with motor scale, (b) an operating time counter. (4) Monitoring and power circuit terminal connection plates, including terminal strips reserved for remote control, telemetering or remote indication circuits. 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Reference standards The equipment will comply with the requirements of IEC standards in force and, in particular, with the following standards: (1) IEC 44 : Instrument transformers (current transformers) (2) IEC 51 : Direct indicating analogue electrical measuring instruments and their accessories (3) IEC 269 : Low voltage fuses (4) IEC 364 : Electrical installation of buildings (5) IEC 439 : Low voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies (6) IEC 529 : Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
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IEC 947-2 : Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 2: Circuit-breakers IEC 947-3 : Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 3: Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse combination units (9) IEC 947-4 : Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 4: Contactors and motor starters (10) IEC 947-5 : Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 5: Control circuit devices and switching elements 1.4.2 Workshop tests (1) Type tests: A type test certificate for each type of circuit-breaker shall be submitted by the Contractor. (2) Routine tests: Each switchboard, cubicle and cabinet shall be subjected to routine tests after erection and wiring. These tests shall include as a minimum: (a) Dielectric strength test. (b) Operating test on each of the appliances. (c) Cable check on each appliance. (d) Interchangeability check for draw-out appliances. (e) Check of earthing circuit continuity. 2. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Circuit-breakers Main circuit breaker The main circuit-breakers shall be of air-break type manually and electrically operated in conformity with IEC 947-2 Specification as follows: Rated voltage 500 VAC Rated current 1600A Rated short circuit current at 1s 40kA and st 3s 25kA Largest short circuit (peak value) 90kA Arc chamber atmosphere: air Erection type: instruction manual, fix and stable locations for CB at operation, testing and repairing locations when it is dismounted from cabinet. Electrical contact type: static and dynamic contact type. This contact type may be dismounted for replacement and repair. Driven of electrical switchgear by program or manual. Source of high voltage motor is 220 VAC/VDC. Operating time of motor 20S. There must be two tripping coils for technology of protection and automatic tripping. Number of closing and opening without maintenance 5000 times Highest closing time 80mS Highest opening time 50 mS Automatic digital measurement and protection system

(7) (8)

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CB must be installed with electronic protection system which is programmed, supervised and network-connected for data transmission. It must be functional responsiveness of control, automation, protection, measurement and signal. Automatic control: Closing /opening by local and remote switch. Remote trip by other protection system. Having automatic function to close bidirectional standby source in conformity with technological requirements of the plants auxiliary system. Recording events, storing event data. Having available integral gate on CB in conformity with the interface of IEC 618540 for transmission of data by network such as: main parameters; CB status; closing an opening order, releasing event data; event data amplitude, phase and time event; CB maintenance information (number of closing and opening, overload, short circuit trip, operation and operation hour and etc). measurement of current, voltage, frequency, symmetric coefficient of phases. Protection part must have: Fast trip protection between phases. Overcurrent protection Single phase short circuit protection Overload protection Other CB must have control voltage circuit of 230VDC/5A (sent-out contact) Setting-up, inspecting protection data, carrying out by outside connecting PC The diesel generator breaker and bus section breakers by hand and their close coil shall be either battery supplied or spring operated. The distribution circuit breakers shall be of the disconnectable or fixed type depending of their rating. The outgoing secondary circuit-breakers (for power distribution to A. C. auxiliaries) shall be of the high-speed, current-limiting, trip-free type with manual closing mechanism. They shall be equipped with magneto-thermal tripping devices on each pole. 2.1.2 Contactors The number of different rating values shall be reduced to the absolute minimum in order to minimise the volume of spares to be held in store. The AC and DC coils shall be designed to allow satisfactory operation of the contactor for a voltage varying between +10% and -20% of the normal voltage and must be capable of remaining energised indefinitely at a voltage equal to 1.1 times the normal voltage. 2.1.3 Instrument transformers The instrument transformers shall be of the dry-insulation type with a rated insulation voltage of 1000V. Their rated load shall be sufficient to provide the required accuracy, giving due consideration to the power of the apparatus to be supplied (with a 10% margin), circuit losses and possible supply of additional apparatus. Transformers designed to power measuring instruments, indicators or recorders shall have a precision class of 1. Transformers designed to supply protective relays shall be compatible with the supplied relays. The overcurrent class of current transformers with a primary shall be co-ordinated with the maximum short-circuit current in the corresponding circuit. The current transformers of differential protections shall have an accuracy class X.
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The rated secondary currents of current transformers shall in all cases be 1 A The rated secondary voltages of voltage transformers shall in all cases be 110 Volts. 2.1.4 Switchboards load Cubicles The switchboard shall be of the prefabricated, modular construction type consisting of contiguous columns assembled together, each column being divided into compartments containing the switchgear and control gear fitted to draw-out carriages or rack modules. Switchboard construction shall have a minimum degree of protection of IP41. The main set of busbars shall be accessible by removing a cover plate. Each item of equipment with a front panel (transformer and standby generator incoming circuit-breakers) shall form an independent functional assembly, including: (1) A fixed cradle made up of a welded or bolted structure to which will be attached: (a) the bottom and side panels, (b) the ball-mounted slides carrying the moving part, (c) the insulation block including the fixed incoming and outgoing line contacts of the power circuit, (d) the draw-in, draw-out mechanism of the moving part, controlled from the front panel by means of a removable crank, (e) the fixed contacts of the monitoring circuit feeder. (2) The moving part, comprising the following main components: (a) the circuit-breaker with its accessories: plug-in contacts, magneto-thermal relays and their supply transformers, coils, slide contacts for the monitoring and signalling circuits, etc., (b) electrical control system, (c) the front panel protecting the operator while the moving part is being drawn out. The following items are fitted to this panel: (i) manual circuit-breaker control lever (ii) emergency tripping push button (iii) mechanical indicator showing the open or closed position of the circuit-breaker (3) The equipment will have three physical operating positions: (a) "plugged in" with power and monitoring contacts plugged in (b) "drawn out - Test" with power contacts drawn out and monitoring contact plugged in. (c) "drawn out" with power and monitoring contacts drawn out. (4) Relays are grouped together: On a fixed vertical strip for accommodating flush-mounted direct-reading measuring and monitoring instruments, ammeter, voltmeter, indicator lights, insulation controller, etc. or, On a removable slide-mounted drawer accommodating, in addition to the direct-reading instruments, the auxiliary servo relays or, inside a cabinet installed in place of the guard-mounted equipment if the relays are too voluminous. The auxiliary monitoring circuits shall be housed in a box in the front part of the board. Power and auxiliary connections are made from the rear of the column, in a compartment with a door, designed to facilitate connection operations. This compartment includes: (a) The connector strips of the power cables.
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(b) The connection terminal plates for the auxiliary circuits. (c) Where applicable, the current transformers shall be fitted to the connector strips. Supports shall be provided for clamping cables and outgoing lines in ducts or hoppers through the bottom. The transformer incoming line may be in the form of bars or cables through the top. In the event of a large number of large-section cables, provision shall be made for a cable duct at the rear of the switchboard. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Spare parts (1) One circuit-breaker resetting mechanism motor. (2) One coil of each type. (3) One circuit-breaker of each type and each rating. (4) One set of contactors of each rating. (5) Two auxiliary contact blocks for contactor. (6) Two complete sets of fuse cartridges of each rating. (7) Two complete sets of indicator lights. (8) One relay of each type. 2.2.2 Special tools (1) Carriage for handling the main circuit-breakers. (2) Complete set of operating and draw-out cranks and levers. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION Switchboards and cubicles will be installed in the places indicated on the drawings. Unless otherwise indicated, the switchboards and cubicles will be placed on the floor, on cable duct. Depending on conditions, switchboards and cubicles will be accessible from the front and rear or only from the front. Any change in layout must be submitted for the Employer prior approval. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL After erection and assembly of the equipment, further routine tests will be carried out on each switchboard and cubicle. The dielectric strength test will be replaced, however, by measurement of the insulation.

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October 2007

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DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

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Section 05.06

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Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.06 1. 1.1 GENERAL

- DC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the all equipment and circuits designed for the production and distribution of direct current in the powerhouse and intake: (1) A complete hermetic-type 220 V battery system comprising two batteries, two battery chargers and distribution switchboards and sub-switch boards for powerhouse. (2) Four AC-UPS systems comprising inverters and distribution switchboards for the powerhouse. (3) A complete hermetic-type 24V battery system comprising three batteries, three battery chargers and distribution switchboard for spillway. (4) A complete hermetic-type 24V battery system comprising one batteries, one battery chargers and distribution switchboard for intake.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Section 05.10 : Cables, wiring and raceways. (2) Section 05.05 : AC Distribution system. (3) Section 05.09 : Control, protection and monitoring system 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS The 220 VDC battery systems shall supply control and protection equipment and inverters, initial excitation system, operating mechanism of switchgears, telecommunication equipments. At powerhouse, under normal operation, one charger shall supply its associated battery and the load through an individual 220 VDC distribution panel. The second charger, if any will be provided as stand-by of the first one. At intake, the charger shall supply its associated battery and the load through an individual 24 VDC distribution panel. The AC-UPS system shall supply alarm systems, control processor and supervisory system. In case of failure of normal AC source, it shall be supplied from the 220 VDC distribution system. The battery system for powerhouse shall comprise 1x100% rated duty batteries and 1x100% rated battery chargers. Three charging modes shall be possible: (1) floating mode: under normal conditions; (2) equalization charge following main power cut lasting more than five minutes; (3) manual boost charge. The 220VDC and 24V DC systems shall be unearthed. The outgoing feeder circuits shall be individually protected by circuit-breakers. QUALITY ASSURANCE
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1.4.1 Reference standards (1) IEC 896 : Stationary Lead-acid batteries (2) IEC 478 : Stabilized power supplies, DC output (3) IEC 146 : General requirements and line commutated convertors The battery chargers proposed shall be of a model recommended by the battery suppliers. 1.4.2 Design criteria (1) 220 V battery system (a) Battery capacity should ensure feeding of constant demand in normal mode 1 hours discharge (emergency state), power-up of maximum load swing at the end of 1 hour discharge, as well as ensure initial excitement of hydrogenerator for its start-up in case of voltage loss in AC auxiliaries network. Nominal voltage 220V Minimum voltage: 198V Maximum voltage 242V At the end of the discharge period each battery shall be capable of performing: Power station: perform a restart of each generating unit, Switchyard: perform a sequential closing followed by a simultaneous tripping of each circuit breaker. (b) By preliminary estimation, 220Vcapacity battery should be not less than 1x800 Ah. for the powerhouse (2) AC-UPS units (a) UPSU is supplied from two voltage sources: alternating 380/220 VAC for working mode and 220 V DC for emergency mode. (b) UPS unit automatically without supply interruption switches over to DC standby power supply (from accumulator battery) in event of main power loss. Voltage deviation is in the range: -20%; +10%. 1.4.3 Factory tests (1) Routine tests: Testing of the charger-battery system is in manual and automatic modes. (2) Type tests: One or several elements of each battery shall be subjected to a discharge test up to the cut-off voltage, in order to check the guaranteed capacity. During the test, voltage, electrolyte density and temperature shall be recorded. 1.5 SUBMITTALS The Manufacturer shall submit for the Employer's approval his calculation notes for the dimensional design of the battery, charger and inverter as well as the ventilation system of the room according to applicable standards. He shall also submit the battery charge and discharge curves for various operating conditions. DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING The batteries shall be delivered dry with the necessary quantity of electrolyte for two complete fills of operation and standby battery unit. GUARANTEES (1) Batteries in powerhouse and 220kV switchyard: 2V single battery, completely hermetic type, operation life and capacity of the batteries under site conditions shall be guaranteed.
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(2) Battery charger: voltage regulation for the entire adjustment range shall be guaranteed. 2. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Batteries The batteries shall consist of cells of the valve regulated lead acid type, in completely closed, high-shock-resistant transparent plastics containers. The battery elements shall be assembled on steely battery racks, treated to resist electrolyte attack. The racks will be placed on insulators on the floor and, if necessary, shall include several stepped levels, the lowest level being at least 30 cm above floor level. The batteries shall be delivered complete with all necessary connection accessories, cables, cadmium-plated nuts and bolts, etc. 2.1.2 Battery chargers (1) Type and performance: (a) Static, thyristor-controlled type with automatic voltage and current limitation regulation system. (b) Voltage regulation : 1% for a supply voltage variation of 10%. (c) Current limitation : 60% to 105% of the rated current. (d) Power supply : 400 V 10% 50 Hz (e) Minimum output rating will be sufficient to recharge the battery from its end cell voltage to full charge in 8 hours in addition to supplying the average DC load. (2) Operating modes: Two modes: automatic and manual with changeover switch located inside the cubicle. (a) Automatic operation: (i) normal floating operation at constant voltage, (ii) after a main power cut lasting more than 5 minutes, automatic changeover to equalisation charge at constant voltage and adjustable time with automatic return to floating operation, (b) Manual boost charge at adjustable current with cut-out voltage limitation. When the battery is on manual boost charge the specific circuit breaker shall be opened in order to supply DC systems with the remaining charger. (3) Adjustments: (a) Floating voltage. (b) Equalisation voltage. (c) Charge current in manual mode. (4) Protection - Alarms - Signalling: (a) Protective devices on AC and DC sides, comprising individually mounted circuit-breakers. (b) Signalling: On/Off - Manual Charge - Boost Charge. (c) Alarm: Regulator fault with output for remote alarm. (d) Earth leakage indication and alarm (220 V systems only). (e) Low volt relay. (f) Instruments: DC voltmeter and ammeter. 2.1.3 Inverters Main characteristics:
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(1) Estimated rated output capacity : 9 kVA (at powerhouse) and 3.5 kVA (at Switchyard control building) (2) Power factor : 0.8 (3) AC power supply : 230 V 10% - 50 Hz 5% (4) DC power supply : 220 V +10% -20% (5) Output voltage : 230 V 5% - 50 Hz 1% (6) Harmonic distorsion : < 2% (7) Efficiency at rated load : 90% 2.1.4 Distribution switchboard Each battery and charger shall be associated with a separate free standing distribution board. Distribution board shall include: (1) Switchgear and control gear of the fixed (contactors) or base-mounted draw-out type (circuit-breakers) with front panel controls; (2) Instruments as indicated on the single line diagrams. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Spare parts (1) 8 spare cells for each battery, (2) 1 charge of electrolyte, (3) 2 set of diodes, thyristor, resistor for the battery charger, (4) 2 sets of printed circuit cards for the regulator, (5) 5 sets of cell connectors, (6) 1 incoming circuit breaker, (7) 2 outgoing circuit breaker, (8) 6 insulators, (9) 100% of fuses installed, (10) 100% of bulbs installed 2.2.2 Special tools A complete of all special tools and special equipment necessary for the operation, repair and maintenance of the supply, shall be include in the supply. The Contractor shall prepare a complete and detail list of all special tools to be included in order to meet this requirement. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION The battery, battery chargers and distribution board shall be located as per drawings. After installation and connection of all the equipment, the Contractor shall proceed with initial charging of the batteries in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The Contractor shall indicate the requirements of the batteries with respect to the room and its fittings, in particular: ventilation, lighting with switch, wall and floor lining, dimensions. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL After installation, the DC equipment shall be subject to the following inspection and test procedure: (1) Circuit insulation check. (2) Check of correct operation of the chargers. (3) Capacity measurement.
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(4) Check of correct operation of protection relays.

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PECC2

Section 05.07

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Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.07 1. 1.1 GENERAL

- STAND-BY DIESEL GENERATOR

WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the complete emergency power in working order, i.e., a back-up facility for supplying priority electricity consumers in the powerhouse and intake. The emergency power supply shall comprise the following: (1) One fully equipped generating set 400kVA at powerhouse, with its starting, cooling and exhaust systems. (2) One fully equipped generating set 50kVA at intake, with its starting, cooling and exhaust systems (3) All necessary electrical switchgears and control panels. (4) All pipe work and cabling to complete the installation (5) Fuel supply circuits and oi-stored equipments. (6) Combustion air and cooling air supply and exhaust circuits and equipments. (7) The local control and monitoring cubicles.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (3) Division 01 : General requirements (4) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (5) Section 05.05 : AC low voltage distribution system 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (4) Lot CWL : Civil works (5) Division 05 : Electrical equipment 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 General The engine shall be designed to start up automatically in the event of a general power failure. Once main voltage is restored, the engine shall be automatically shut down after a time lag of about 5 minutes. The emergency energy generating system shall include principally: (1) A diesel generating set and three-phase AC generator mounted on the same base with coupled radiator and fan. (2) A starting system. (3) A fuel supply system consisting of a main storage tank, daily consumption tank and transfer pumps. (4) A combustion and cooling air supply system consisting of a blower fan. (5) A combustion gas exhaust system including silencer. (6) A local control and monitoring cubicle for the generating and its ancillary equipment. 1.3.2 Operating principles
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The diesel generating set shall be designed to start up automatically in the event of a general power failure on the low voltage busbars of either hot stanby section and main sections of the main distribution board (MDB). Once main voltage is restored, the set shall be automatically shut down after a time lag of about 5 minutes. It shall be possible to start up the set manually for periodical checks. The starting and operation of the emergency diesel generator set shall be independent of any common auxiliary sources of the power station (air, water, DC and AC current) in order to be able to start the turbine-generator units in case of lack of all outside electrical sources (black start). 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Standards ISO standards for the diesel engines, especially : (1) ISO 3046-1 and 3046-3 : Reciprocating internal combustion engines Performances (2) ISO 8528: : Reciprocating internal combustion engine driven alternating current generating sets (3) BS 3351: : Specification for piping systems for petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants (4) IEC 34: : Rotating electrical machines (5) ISO 10816-1 : Mechanical vibrations IEC standards for the AC generator, especially IEC 34-1: Rotating electrical machines - Part 1: Rating and performance 1.4.2 Design criteria The diesel engine shall be capable of driving AC generator at full load with a 0.8 power factor. The engine shall be capable of supplying 10% overload for a period of 1 hour in every 12 hours of operation without overheating. 1.4.3 Workshop tests The complete generating set assembled in the workshop shall be subjected to type tests and routine tests according to applicable relevant standards. The tests shall include: (1) Acceptance tests for the engine and speed governing system as defined in relevant ISO standard; (2) Acceptance tests for the AC generator and voltage regulating system according to relevant IEC standard, including at least the following tests: (a) industrial frequency dielectric tests, (b) insulation resistance measurement, (c) short-circuit test and determination of reactances, (d) no-load test, (e) efficiency calculation, (f) testing of regulation system response to sudden load shedding at full load, (g) testing of stability when running in parallel with mains supply. (3) Vibration measurements as per ISO relevant standard. 1.5 SUBMITTALS (1) Characteristics of proposed equipment. (2) Overall dimensions and civil work guide drawings. (3) Installation drawings.
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(4) (5) 2.

Control diagrams. Test certificates.

PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Diesel engine (1) Type: The engine shall of the 4-stroke, compression ignition, with 12 cylinders in V-shape, fuel injected, heavy duty, industrial type and shall be natural aspirated, maximum speed 1500 rpm. The engine shall be of well-proven design, suited to the types of fuel available on site. The engine shall be coupled directly to the AC generator, with both machines being anchored to the same rigid metal block via shock-mounts. (2) Starting equipment: The engine shall be designed for cold starting by cranking motor. The starting system shall include a charger and a battery of sufficient capacity to allow six successive starts without recharging. The engine shall easily be started from cold, without the use of any special ignition devices, against full load. In the event of mains failure, the generator shall be capable of starting and then providing full rated power in 20 seconds. (3) Cooling system: The diesel engine shall be closed-circuit water cooled with coupled radiator and fan. Cooling and combustion air shall be drawn in from outside the generator room and blown by an axial fan slaved to operation of the set. The hot air shall be propulsed outside the generator room through an exhaust duct fitted with a hinged-flap outlet. (4) Exhaust system: The combustion gas exhaust system shall include a silencer with end flanges, drain plug and inspection cover. The silencer shall be of sufficient size to reduce the noise level to 70 dBA at a distance of 10 m. Exhaust pipes inside the generator room shall be lagged with a minimum thickness of 50 mm of glass wool, covered with an aluminium sheet envelope. (5) Fuel supply system: A complete fuel supply system shall be furnished, including in particular: (a) A daily fuel tank shall have sufficient capacity for at least eight (8) hours continuous operation of the engine at 110% full load. (b) Fuel transfer pumps comprising two electric pumps (one on standby) and a manual pump. (c) Pipework, pipe fittings, equipment and connection accessories. (6) Speed governor: The governor shall be of the Woodward or equivalent. The frequency shall be maintained at + 1%. 2.1.2 AC generator and excitation system (1) Type and capacity: The AC generator shall be of the synchronous, salient pole, air-cooled type.
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Characteristics are as follows: (a) Rated power

(b) Voltage (c) Frequency (d) Insulation class (e) Heating class (f) Protection of enclosure (2) Excitation and voltage regulator: The generator excitation system shall be of the rotating diode, brushless type, controlled by a static regulator. The generator-exciter-regulator set shall be totally self-contained and independent of any external source. The voltage regulator shall be capable of maintaining the output voltage within the limits defined hereunder: (a) + 5% of the rated voltage under steady conditions, (b) 15% on 100% load taking or shedding. 2.1.3 Control and monitoring equipment (1) Control and monitoring cubicle: A control cubicle shall be supplied and installed in the generator room (at powerhouse) and outdoor (at intake) . This cubicle shall be equipped with all necessary controlgear and switchgear for controlling and monitoring the generating set and its ancillary equipment and, in particular: (a) Electrical protective relays, (b) Automatic control relays, (c) Instruments, (d) Alarm and signalling equipment. (2) Description: The equipment supplied shall include: (a) 1 main circuit breaker, (b) Earthing system with an impedance, (c) Start-up monitoring equipment with start-up prevention and alarm in the event of: (i) low cooling water level, (ii) low battery voltage, (iii) low fuel tank level, (3) Operation monitoring equipment for shutting down the generator and tripping an alarm in the event of: (a) overload, (b) short-circuit, (c) low oil pressure, (d) overspeed, (e) high cooling water temperature, (f) high voltage, (g) low voltage,
CC1 October 2007

: 400kVA at powerhouse, 50kVA at intake (The Contractor shall be determined this power) : 400/230 V three-phase : 50 Hz, : F, : B, : IP 23.

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(4) Starting system for three successive starting attempts with alarm after the third unsuccessful attempt, (5) Signal box with flashing lights and horn, flashing light mode changing to steady mode after acknowledgement of each persistent fault; (6) Outputs available for transmitting the following information to the powerhouse Central control room: (a) set not available, (b) set has received start-up order, (c) set in operation, (d) set shut-down following fault, (7) Control and monitoring equipment for the fuel and auxiliary circuits with selector switches, forced operation control, operating and fault indicator lights. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 For the engine (1) One injection pump; (2) One set of cylinder liners; (3) Two pistons with compression rings ; (4) Two rocker arms; (5) Two sets of oil filters; (6) Two sets of air filters; (7) One set of belts; (8) Two sets of seals for oil, water and fuel circuits; (9) Two electronic cards of each type for the battery charger. 2.2.2 For the generator (1) One set of diodes; (2) One set of spare parts for the regulator; (3) Two electronic cards of each type for the regulator. 2.2.3 For the cubicle (1) One set of main contacts; (2) One coil of each type; (3) One auxiliary relay of each type; (4) One set of fuses, light bulbs, etc; (5) Two electronic cards of each type. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION The stand-by diesel generator shall be installed inside a building to be supplied under Civil work for power plant. The diesel building will be located near the powerhouse, control building and intake area. The diesel generator assembly shall be erected on a metal frame provided with an anti-vibration system. The noise level outside the diesel building shall not exceed 50 dB at 10 m. For this purpose, cooling system ducts shall be fitted with sound traps. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
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After erection and connection, the generating set shall be tested at maximum available load for a period of eight hours, recording the voltage, frequency, oil pressure and oil temperature.

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October 2007

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PECC2

Section 05.08

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Section 05.08 1. 1.1 GENERAL

- CLOCK SYSTEM

WORK INCLUDED The works covered by this section include the complete clock system and shall comprise the following items: (1) One master clock. (2) Digital clocks (direct reading). PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

2.

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1.Master clock The master clock will include: (1) an accuracy running: synchronized by satellite, (2) feeding of secondary clocks (one impulse per second and minute) even when the A.C. supply fails, (3) a dial with three hands (hours, minutes, seconds), (4) an interface with Distributed control system (DCS), (5) a switch for manual correction of secondary clock display, (6) monitoring and line current measuring components (regulating switch and testing terminals), (7) an internal power supply: Ni-Cd; battery/charger for 2 days autonomy of the master clock in case of A.C. power failure. 2.1.2 Digital secondary clocks (1) Hours and minutes display. (2) Approximate size: 250 x 100 mm. 2.1.3 Spare parts and special tools (1) 1 oscillator card; (2) 1 divider card; (3) 1 supply card; (4) 1 set of fuses; (5) 1 digital clock. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION The master clock shall be installed in the relay room of the powerhouse. Secondary digital clocks shall be installed at the following sites: (1) Elevation of 425.10: one on the workshop. (2) Elevation of 425.10: one in the hall of the ground floor administration building. (3) Elevation of 420.00: one in the hall of the power house (4) Elevation of 420.00: one on the front of operation desk in the central control room. (5) Elevation of 416.00: one in the AC station service cubicle room. (6) Elevation of 416.00: one in the generator hall. (7) Elevation of 416.00: one flush-mounted clock in each unit local control boards.
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(8) Elevation of 412.50: one between two generator pits. (9) One in the control board inside two turbine halls. 3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL After erection and connection, the clock system shall be tested in order to check the operation and synchronism of the clocks.

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October 2007

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Section 05.09

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Section 05.09 - CONTROL, PROTECTION AND MONITORING EQUIPMENT

1.

GENERAL

1.1 WORK INCLUDED 1.1.1 Scope of supply The present specifications cover all works concerning to the all equipment and circuits for control, protection, monitoring and supervision of the following: (1) Two generating units (turbines and generators), including unit power transformers and auxiliary transformers, (2) The 220 kV switchgear, (3) The 22 kV switchgears, (4) The powerhouse and switchyard auxiliary equipments, (5) The control and data acquisition system located in the Central Control Room and comprising : (a) Large screen (b) Operation desk and console (operator station) (c) Central processing unit (d) Communication buses (6) The generating unit control boards located near the units, including unit controller including connector and supply of control cable to speed governor and excitation automatic voltage adjustable cabinets (7) The unit protection and metering equipment including connector and supply of measurement cable, AC DC source to connector panels, signal converter, measurement equipment (except protection and measurement equipment supplied synchronously with the plant units). (8) The 220 kV switchgear control boards located in the switchyard control room including controller, (9) The 220 kV switchgear protection and metering equipment located in the switchyard control room including controller, (10) The synchronising panel located in the switchyard control building and central control room. (11) The auxiliary equipment and LV distribution controllers. (12) The Spillway equipment (including connector and supply of measurement cable, AC DC source to connector panels, signal converter, measurement equipment (except protection and measurement equipment supplied synchronously inside the oil pressure control units). (13) The Intake equipment (14) The hydraulic structure controller, located in the power plant relay room. (15) The whole of Dakrtih lower cascade Hydropower Project (including the units, auxiliary systems, switchyard,and hydraulic structure at the Intake) (16) Suitable connection equipment with Dak Nong substation protection control unit, with National Dispatching Center (A0) at Ha Noi and Central Regional Dispatching Center (A3) at Da Nang city. 1.2
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1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (3) Section 05.13 : Telecommunication system (4) Section 05.15 : Water measuring system 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade (2) Lot TL : Transmission line and substation feeder (3) Lot MEU-1 : Hydromechanical equipment (4) Division 02 : Turbine and auxiliaries (5) Division 03 : Generator units (6) Division 06 : Power transformer and 220kV switchgears 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 Operating philosophy Under normal operation, the Dakrtih lower cascade power plant and associated structures including 220kV switchyard shall be fully controlled from the within the Central control room located in the power house, which shall be permanently manned. Operating staff shall not however, be involved in information collection which shall be performed by the data acquisition system. The operators will switch the units, 220kV switchgears on and off and make the necessary adjustments by hand after the generators have been synchronised onto the network. The Dakrtih lower cascade Hydropower Project (HPP) will be operated by remote control from the Central control room in the Dakrtih lower cascade power plant The main following functions will be performed by the application software included in the computer: (1) Control and monitoring of the overall plant. (2) Communication with the local control systems via the data highway. (3) Control functions for joint control. (4) Optimisation/Calculation functions. (5) Data acquisition and processing. (6) Alarm handling and processing. (7) Event logging and reporting. (8) Assistance to maintenance and simulator for operation training. (9) Man-machine interface. (10) Daily, monthly, yearly reports must be generated automatically. (11) Device for back-up data (MO, CD, or the like) To provide the operator with an overview of the plant, a large screen with mimic diagram will be provided in the central control room. The switchyard equipments, the turbine-generator units, the station auxiliaries, and the hydraulic structures of both hydropower projects (Dakrtih lower and lower cascades) shall be shown on the mimic diagram.
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Synchronising shall be carried out from the synchronising panel located in the switchyard control building (220kV) and from the synchronising panel located at the unit control boards (13.8kV). A selector switch shall be provided to allow either automatic (normal operation) or manual synchronisation. Protection equipment will consist of digital type rack mounted relays. The fault sequences will be hard wired in addition to the fault sequences programmed in the controllers. Operation of the 220kV switchgear of Dakrtih lower cascade HPP will be also made from the control board of the switchyard control building and SCADA of the Central control room. Operation of the 13.8kV switchgear will be also made from the Unit control boards and SCADA of the Central control room. 1.3.2 Control system configuration It shall be a distributed control system (DCS) and those parts of DCS which fault will result in control system fail shall be in redundant configuration. The control, supervisory and data acquisition system shall be a four layer distributed control system (DCS) as indicated on the relevant bid drawing. The four levels of control are: (1) The Dispatching control level: central plant computer system located in the Dakrtih lower cascade HPP Central Control Room shall capable to duplex measurement, indication and control data exchange with both National Dispatching Center (A0) at Ha Noi and Central Regional Dispatching Center (A3) at Da Nang city in normal conditions and in fault situations. Communication shall take place with the IEC 60870-5-101 protocol and include enough information for obtaining a complete supervision and control of the units and 220kV switchgears of poth hydropower projects from the above Dispatching Centers as followings: (a) Signal sending to A0 and A3 : (i) Digital signals: Indication status of 220kV circuit breakers and disconnectors of line feeders and transformer feeders; generator circuit breaker GCB (2 bites signal), Indication status of 220kV earthing switches of line feeders and transformer feeders; generator circuit breaker GCB (1 or 2 bites signal), Action status of relay protection systems for 220kV line feeders and transformer feeders; generator unit relay protections. (ii) Measurement signals: Measurement signals of U, I, P, Q values for all 220kV line feeders, Measurement signals of U, I, P, Q values and step up transformer off load tap changer positions. Measurement signals of U, I, P, Q values for generator units, Measurement signals of U, f values for 220kV bus. Measurement signals of water levels at Intake and powerhouse. (b) Signal receiving from A0: Raise/lower pulse signals of power P of generator units. (c) Signal receiving from A3: Control signals of close/open of 220kV circuit breakers and disconnectors as well as 220kV step up transformer tap changer. The Plant control level: a central plant computer system located in the Central control room will support supervisory control, operators console (Human Machine Interface),
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data logging and management software, control functions etc. will carry out the functions for the overall control of the station. Remote control level for DakRtih lower cascade HPP : The remote control system in the Central control room at DakRtih lower cascade HPP for DakRtih lower cascade HPP shall be operated same as Plant control level for DakRtih lower cascade HPP. (3) The local control level (Local Control Board): separate programmable logic controllers will be provided for the different functional groups of the station, such as the generating units, the auxiliary equipment, the switchyard etc. to carry out control and supervisory functions. A local independent alarm panel will also be provided. (4) The testing and maintenance level: manual operation of individual equipment will be possible from local cabinets. 1.3.3 Operating conditions (1) General The system will allow the hydropower plant to be operated in different manners as follows: Normal operation which is centralised to the Central Control Room where the system will get the information and have the necessary control to perform a simple and reliable operation of the generating units, auxiliary systems, 220kV switchgears. As a back-up of the normal operation (the plant computer system or the communication network being faulty) or during special operations, it will be possible to operate the different parts of the station using the push buttons of the local control boards, via the controller, either in automatic mode or step by step, During testing and maintenance, it will be possible to operate the equipment from control cabinets of devices located close to the process equipment, even with the controller being faulty. A. Control mode selection For selection of control modes, selectors will be provided in the power station. On the local control level, each local control system will have its own control mode selector switch. These selectors will have three positions REMOTE/LOCAL AUTO/LOCAL: In LOCAL AUTO and LOCAL positions the particular functional group will be controlled from a local control board located at the same place as the switch. In LOCAL AUTO, the functions for automatic control will be used, while in the position LOCAL only manual control will be possible. In REMOTE position the control will be transferred to the Central Control Room level. In this position the operator will communicate with the control system via the video display units and the functional keyboard included in the system on the Main Computer System. B. Station control (Central Control Room) On the central control board a 2-position selector switch will permit to choose to control the power plant from either "DAKRTIH LOWER CASCADE" or "DISPATCH". The position "DISPATCH" will permit to control of Dakrtih hydropower scheme of both hydropower projects from the National Dispatching Center (A0) or Central Regional Dispatching Center (A3) overall SCADA. The position "DAKRTIH LOWER CASCADE" will permit to control of Dakrtih hydropower scheme of both hydropower projects from the Central control room at Dakrtih lower cascade HPP via a Distributed Control Systems (DCS) operator interface workstation.
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(2)

Generating units Start-up and shut-down of each unit shall be carried out either automatically from the central control room via the local unit controller or step by step from the unit local control boards. The controller of each generating unit will automatically drive the unit: Generation mode: from the "shut-down" to the "on-line" condition (when allowed), or from the "on line" (and supplying power) to the "shut-down" condition. Starting in black-out condition. Isolated load operation mode. Under normal conditions, coupling of the generating units shall be carried out via their coupling circuit breaker either automatically by synchroniser or manually from the synchronising panel located at the unit control boards. The automatic protection equipment shall be a hard-wired and shall work in parallel with the unit controller. Thus, in the event of an electrical or mechanical fault, both systems work in parallel. Four fault sequences shall be provided to cover the various faults which may arise on the equipment: (a) Emergency Stopping sequence This protection sequence will be initiated by the detection of serious trouble caused by electrical faults and emergency push-buttons. On each operation mode, the electrical protection signals will be transmitted to the unit controller and also to the main electrical and mechanical equipment of the unit. The turbine-generator unit will be automatically stopped as follows: (i) The generator circuit breaker will be immediately tripped, the deflectors, the nozzles and the turbine guard valve will simultaneously begin to close. (ii) Simultaneously with tripping of the generator circuit breaker, the field circuit breaker will be opened. (iii) As the mechanical braking system will operate at a slightly faster speed than for the normal stop. (b) Quick Stopping sequence This protection operation will be initiated by the detection of serious trouble caused by mechanical faults. The quick stop sequence will be as follows: (i) By operating the electromagnetic valve of the speed governor, giude valve will immediately begin to close. (ii) When no-load operation is detected by the specific power relay, the generator circuit breaker will be tripped and then the field circuit breaker will be opened consequently. (iii) The mechanical braking systems of the unit will operate in the same manner as for the normal stop. (c) Simplified stopping sequence In case of malfunction of the unit controller, initiated by the detection of "watch dog" signal, a hard-wired simplified stopping sequence will stop the unit. This simplified stopping sequence will stop the unit in the same manner as noted hereabove for the quick stopping sequence. (d) Slight Fault Alarm Slight faults will initiate only fault indications and audible alarms. No tripping.

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(4)

(5)

Main transformers and 220kV switchgears Control and monitoring of 220 kV switchgears and main transformers will be carried out from a mimic control panel located in the switchyard control building and SCADA located in the Central control room.. A relay panel shall be provided in the switchyard relay building for protection of the transmission line, busbars and power transformers, complete with all protection and auxiliary relays and the associated auxiliary equipment. Synchronising and coupling by means of the 220 kV line circuit breakers will be possible and will be carried out from the synchronising panel located in the switchyard control room. For each 220 kV circuit-breaker, a key-type selector switch shall be provided, allowing the following operation: (a) no synchronising (key free), (b) testing (key prisoner), (c) manual synchronising (key prisoner) ; as far as the generating units are concerned, they can start up until no-load speed, then the operator orders either automatic or manual synchronising using voltage and speed push buttons located near the unit circuit breaker switch. (d) automatic (key free); this position is only available for the generating units; the unit can start up and proceed as far as synchronisation. Only one key is used for all circuit-breakers; it is stored in a separated key hole located on the synchronising panel. Auxiliary equipment The main auxiliary equipment and the main LV distribution switchgear shall be controlled and monitored from the Central Control Room. Hydraulic structures A dedicated controller shall be in charge of the hydraulic structures indicated below together with the list of data to be collected by the controller for onward transmission to the control and data acquisition system: From the water intake, the RTU is connected to the Hydraulic stucture controller (connection diagram shall be described in section 05.14: Telecommunication system) : a) gate open, b) gate closed, c) closing. d) bulk fault. e) upstream pool level, f) trash-rack head losses high (alarm), g) Reservoir water level. h) Tunnel complete fill detector (alarm) From the spillway, the signal is connected by ADSS optical cable to the Control Center a) Spillway water level, b) Normal 22KV and 0,4KV power supply on, c) Opened sand discharge gate d) Closed sand discharge gate

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Reference standards


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The materials and equipment supplied under this section shall comply with the requirements of IEC publications 51.1 to 51.8, 145, 255-0 to 255-20, 387 and 521. In addition, the configuration of protection and control system for high voltage switchgear should be comply with regulation issued by Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) dated on 10/10/2003. 1.4.2 Design criteria In case of control voltage source fault, the unit shall be stopped following the emergency stop sequence. The circuit breakers shall include two tripping coils which shall be energised separately by the protection relays. The controllers and the plant computers will be supplied from the 220 VDC battery systems and AC UPS system respectively as specified under section 05.06. 1.4.3 Workshop tests (1) Type tests A type test certificate for each item of main equipment shall be submitted by the Manufacturer. (2) Routine tests Each board and cubicle shall be subject to routine tests. These tests will include as a minimum: (a) dielectric strength tests, (b) operating tests, (c) visual inspection, (d) check of earthing circuit continuity. (e) Factory acceptance tests (FAT) The Supervisory, control and data acquisition system shall be subject to FAT, to be witnessed by the Employer and/or the Client. FATs shall demonstrate as far as possible the correct operation of the system by simulation. The Contractor shall draw up and submit a FAT plan for the Employers approval. Three weeks notice of FAT dates shall be given to the Employer 1.5 SUBMITTALS The Contractor shall submit all necessary design documents including but not limited to: (1) operating logic diagrams, (2) general arrangement and layout drawings (3) electrical schematics (4) installation drawings, (5) instrument connection diagrams, (6) wiring and terminal diagrams, (7) comprehensive documentation on specified equipment. (8) FAT Plan SITE CONDITIONS The equipment shall be suitable for perfect operation under site conditions with the airconditioning equipment shutdown. The equipment shall be designed for perfect operation under voltage variations of plus 10 per cent and minus 20 per cent.
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Suitable protections shall be provided in order to protect the equipment against eventual over voltage due to thunder bolt. 2. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 MATERIALS 2.1.1 Relays 2.1.1.1 General These specifications describe the requirements of: Protective relays which are intended for protection of the equipment against damage during abnormal conditions. Special purpose relays which perform special functions, but are not classed as "Protective". These relays include, but are not restricted to, the following: reclosing, synchronising, lockout carrier or pilot wire relays. Auxiliary relays which operate in response to an external impulse to assist another relay or device in performance of a function. 2.1.1.2 Construction All the relays shall be tropicalised and shall be suitable for satisfactory operation under local conditions. All the relays shall be designed and constructed so that reasonable mechanical shocks or external vibrations do not operate or damage them. The protection relays for outgoing feeders and generators shall be provided with duplicate relay in the same panel as specified in drawings. The Contractor shall provide and supply to the Employer all application software which is diagnosing, setting, and downloading the data, including O&M document. A. Protective relays and special purpose relays: They shall be of the back-connected, dust proof, semi-flush, switchboard type, having a removable transparent cover, or with a transparent window and having provision for sealing. The protective relays shall be of the type which can be withdrawn from the front of panel without opening current transformer secondary circuits or requiring disconnection of the leads on the rear side of the panels. The draw-out modules shall be so arranged that it is not possible to cause inadvertent tripping of breakers either during the process of withdrawing the removable part or reinserting it. They shall be provided with test devices with panel mounting and shall be so arranged that the relay measuring circuit can be completely isolated for testing. Operation indicators with hand resetting devices shall be provided on phases and earth fault elements, apart from other elements when necessary. All adjustment controls shall be inaccessible until the case or the cover is removed. The values of the setting shall be clearly marked and shall be visible when the relay case is closed. The contact rating of protective relays for tripping breakers shall be 5 A for continuous rated current and 30 A for 1 second current. B. Auxiliary relays: They shall be fitted with amply-designed contacts and coils for the required duty. Auxiliary relays shall be mounted in a dust proof, back-connected case with a transparent cover and plug-in type terminals. C. Main technical characteristics: Type Programmable digital with microprocessor-base relays
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Rated frequency Rated input current Rated input voltage Rated auxiliary voltage Mounting arrangement Panel protection level Ambient temperature Rated humidity Manufacturer 2.1.1.3 220kV switchgear protections

50Hz 1A or 5A 110V 220VDC In control and protection cubicle IP41 +5C to +45C 95% Priority SIEMENS/ALSTOM/ABB/SEL

The protection of 220kV switchgear should include main and back-up protections with separate power supply (220 VDC). The protection of 220kV transmission line will be divided into two separate systems with separate power supply (220 VDC). The setting values of protection system for 220kV switchgear shall comply with operating and dispatching functions of power network. The protection of 220kV switchgear shall include but not be limited to the following protections: A. Protection or 220kV coupling feeder The relay will be intergrated with the functions 87BT, 50/51T, 27B. B. Protection of 220kV line feeders Main protection: the relay will be intergrated with the functions 87L, 67N, 50/51, 50/51N, 50BF, 85 and 74. Back-up protection: the relay will be intergrated with the functions 21/21N, 67N, 50/51, 50/51N, 50BF, 79/25, 27/59, 85 and 74. The protection relay 87L and 21/21N will be cordinated with terminated substation by OPGW link along 220kV tranmission line 2.1.1.4 Generator relays A. Electrical protection The protection of the unit shall be autonomous and selective. It should be divided into two separate systems with separate power supply (220 VDC). First and second system shall be designed to be equal and it shall be safe to operate the unit with only one of the systems in service. Each system shall activate separate trip coils on the circuit breakers. The two systems shall be assembled in separate control cabinets. The cabinets for unit protection will be located together with the unit controller and the field control cabinets. The table below gives the protection of generator, generator step-up transformer and unit auxiliary transformer to be included but not be limited between the two systems.

Type Generator G1,G2 Generator differential 100% stator earth fault Overexcitation (V/Hz)
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ANSI code System 1 87G 64S 24G x x x

System 2

x
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Rotor Over current protection 51R x Earth fault protection (90-95%) 59N x Overevoltage 59 x x Negative phase sequence 46 x x Overcurrent and under voltage 51/27 x x Loss of excitation 40 x x Reverse power 32P x x Minimum impedance generator 21 x x Rotor earth fault 64R x Overcurrent excitation 50/51E x Overload excitation 49E x Stator Overload protection 49G x x Under / overfrequency 81 x x Out of step protection 78 x x Breaker faulure 50BF x x Shaft current 38 x Step-up transformer T1, T2 Transformer differential 87T x Unit (generator transformer) differential 87GT x Earth fault protection on HV side 51N x x Overcurrent protection 50/51T x Overload protection 49T x Earth fault protection (90-95%) 59N x Overexcitation (V/Hz) 24T x x Breaker Failure 50BF x Type ANSI code System 1 System 2 Auxiliary transformer ST1, ST2 Overcurrent protection 50/51 x Restricted earth fault 51N x Overload protection 49 x In addition, the protection relay of step-up transformer such as temperature relay of oil and winding (26), pressure relay (63), Bucholtz relay for consevator and Off-LTC (96), oil level relay (71) should be furnished with transformer. Detailed requirements for some of the functions: Short circuits in the stator winding, neutral point and main terminals shall give instantaneous trip function by fault current down to 10 % of nominal current. Short circuits in the excitation system shall give instantaneous trip function for overcurrent down to 120% of the nominal excitation current. Earth fault in the rotor winding, sliprings and DC current supply. The protection shall trip by a resistance to earth of 1 5 kOhms and give warning by 5 25 kOhms. Short circuits in the transformer windings and terminals shall give instantaneous trip function by fault current down to 20% of nominal current. It is accepted that the protection of the main transformer can be a part of the generator system. B. Vibration Protection The generator shall have protection that detects mechanical vibrations and shall:
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Have bi-directional proximity transducers in all bearings. Be able to measure S- max (see VDI 2059). Have possibility to register normal shaft orbit curve for all load conditions. Have two limit values: warning and tripping. Have a function range of 0 - 500 m with maximum 10 m steps. Have possibility to output the raw measurement data, in order to do an analysis of the state. Have key phasor probe in connection with condition analysis. Be able to delay the warning signals up to 2 min, and tripping signals in the range 0,5-10,0 sec. 2.1.1.5 Synchronisation and coupling equipment (1) Type: Static, modular, 19" rack type apparatus including a synchroniser-coupler and voltage equaliser. The equipment shall include a voltage transformer in order to suit both voltages to be synchronized. This phasing VT shall be fitted with adequate taps. (2) Functions: Synchronisation of a turbine unit on the 13.8kV busbars by actuation of turbine speed control if not done by the speed governor. Equalisation of voltage of the AC generator to be coupled with the busbars voltage, by actuation of the voltage adjustment device. Generation of a coupling circuit-breaker closure command when the voltage, phase and speed conditions are satisfied. (3) Performance and adjustments: (i) The synchroniser shall operate cyclically with generation of pulses of duration proportional to the frequency difference and adjustable idle period. (ii) The voltage equaliser shall operate cyclically with generation of pulses of duration proportional to the voltage difference and idle time. (iii) Front panel adjustments (values given for guidance purposes) : speed limited to +1% to 10%, (iv) (v) circuit-breaker operating time from 0.05 to 0.5 s, pulse duration from 0.1 to 0.5 s. adjustment of zero point : +6% to Un, insensitivity : U: +0.5 to 10% Un, minimum pulse duration : 0.1 to 0.6 s. Coupling unit : a fail-safe operation shall be achieved using parallel operation of two independent measurement and command detectors in dual channel system. Signalling by LEDs : display of "Faster" and "Slower" commands (speed), display of "Rise" and "Fall" commands (voltage),

display of coupling commands. (4) Manual operation:


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Manual synchronising facilities shall be provided including differential voltmeter, doublefrequency meter, and synchronoscope mounted on a swivelling panel. 2.1.1.6 Automatic transient recording oscillograph The equipment shall be used to record the voltages and currents in each of the three phases of the line together with the zero sequence fault, as well as binary quantities consisting of relay contacts, breaker positions, etc. during and after system disturbances indicating also the memorised pre-fault values. The equipment shall be designed to operate satisfactorily when subjected to the effects of a severely hostile electrical environment such as interference signals arising from switching transients. The equipment shall withstand every condition specified for static relays in IEC60255. 2.1.1.7 Control boards A. Central Control room operator station The operator station at Dakrtih lower cascade Central control room shall consist of the following hardware: (1) Two control room computers, including 40 Gb disk and mass storage system with automatic back-up system. These computers will operate on a duty (master) and hot standby basis. In case of failure of the master computer, the second computer will automatically take control of the plant. The manufacturer shall provide and supply to the Employer all application software which is diagnosing, setting, and downloading the data, including O&M document. Especially, the DCS system shall be easy to notify to site at Engineer Workstation. The Contractor shall also supply the several laptop or note type computers plus link cables for the above purpose (2) Two monitors, 21 screen. The operator interface shall be structured in a hierarchical format : from each screen the operator can select a more detailed screen at the next level down or can move up to a higher level of overview. Each screen shall consist of a status bar, an alarm bar (displaying the last alarm), a button bar and a main graphic area. (3) Two standard keyboards for plant control. (4) One heavy duty report printer of the colour ink jet print type. (5) One alarm/data logging printers (A3 size). These equipment shall be installed on two desks, each suitable for two operators with sufficient place for paperwork. In front of the operator desks, the large screen shall be installed. On the large screen, the mimic diagrams of powerplant and 220kV switchgear of both plants shall be displayed with at least the following data: (i) Hour, (ii) Position (open and closed) of main circuit breakers, switches and disconnectors, (iii)Voltage, current, active and reactive power, unit ready to start, mechanical trip and electrical trip of each generator, (iv)Voltage, current, active and reactive power of each line, (v) Voltage of each busbar, (vi)HV side current of each main transformer and transformer tap position, (vii) Stand by diesel generator in operation. (viii) Water levels and turbine flows. B. Unit control boards
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These two boards (one per unit) shall house the unit controller, indicating instruments of the turbine and the generator, transducers, auxiliary relays and input/output terminals. All indicating instrument inputs shall be supplied by transducers (pressure, temperature, waterflow, position, etc.). The alarm and trip levels of temperature resistors shall be supervised by electronic apparatus. All the necessary switches for manual control, starting, stopping and adjusting of the unit shall be included. The boards and their equipment shall be designed to withstand the power plant ambient air temperature. C. 220kV switchyard control board The control board, of free-standing type, shall include the switchyard controller, all the switches, meters, indicating lamps, relays and displays necessary for the overall supervision and control of the switchyard arranged on a legible mimic diagram representing the electrical system single line diagram. The equipment shall be suitably positioned in relay room to facilitate easy and efficient operation in service. All equipment and apparatus shall be clearly labelled on the board in an approved manner. 2.1.1.8 Controllers A. General The control and monitoring of the plant will be implemented by programmable logical controllers in hot stand by configuration comprising: Rack redundancy, Power supply redundancy, CPU redundancy, Communication redundancy, Built-in self-diagnostics. This redundancy shall allow the system to continue operating in the event of a failure of parts of the system caused by one or more faults and shall allow: Detection of the failure of redundant modules, Location and indication of the faulty module, Deactivation of the faulty module, Replacement of the faulty module without powering the system down. Both CPU contain the same application programme. Each CPU shall execute independently all functions such as synchronisation, self test, transfer from Master to Standby (the first CPU to be run through the self-test routine shall assume the master function). The application programs structure shall be simple and clear, using standardise sections and subroutines. Program changes and program tests (block by block) shall be easy. The main tasks to be executed by the application programs are: Automatic Start-up/Shutdown of the units (including relevant sequencing and interlocking), Control and monitoring of auxiliaries, switchgears etc., Time sampling of the all digital inputs, Communication with the computers of the Central Control room.
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An Engineer programming station shall be supplied. It shall allow all programming and testing works. The test facilities include: simulation of the input signals (setting and blocking of input by means of simple pins on the front plates of the input cards), complete program test facilities (when in program test mode, the controller output commands to the process are blocked). Seven hot standby controllers shall be provided: Unit 1 controller Unit 2 controller Switchyard controller Mimic diagram controller Auxiliary equipment controller LV distribution controller Hydraulic structure controller B. Unit controllers: One controller shall be provided for each generating unit. Control facilities: automatic control, step-by-step control, manual control (individual control of the output commands). Sequence indicators: numerical indication of missing conditions required for start, numerical indication of sequence faults (number of missing conditions for the next control step), indication of actual sequence number and step number. Diagnostic routines for missing start conditions and sequence faults are included in the operating module for each unit. These are for step-by-step control of the units when troubleshooting problems. C. Other plant controllers: The main function of these controllers is to collect events to be recorded by the computers of the Ceneral control room, but they may be used for controlling parts of the power plant auxiliary equipment such as auxiliary transformers, LV main circuit-breakers, switchyard equipment etc. 2.1.1.9 Metering instruments, control switches and auxiliary devices A. Metering instruments: (1) Indicating instruments shall be flush-mounted and of the direct reading back-connected, dust proof switchboard type, having a removable transparent dust-tight window cover with non-reflective glass and with a dull black finish. (2) The normal size of instruments unless otherwise specified, shall be 96 mm x 96 mm. Scale plates shall have a permanent white finish with black graduation and numerals, and with the instrument transformer ratio for which the instrument has been graduated prominently marked. The zero adjuster shall be provided outside the instrument wherever applicable.

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(3) Volt - Amps - Watts and Vars meters shall be supplied from metering transducers having an output current of 0 to 20 mA or 4-20 mA for centre zero scale instruments. The transducer power supply shall be from the DC distribution system. (4) The accuracy of switchboard instruments, unless otherwise specifically stated, shall be class 0.2 and 0.5 and for ammeters, voltmeters, MWatt meters, and MVar meters. (5) The full scale values of ammeters for use with current transformers shall be 130% of transformer primary rating. (6) The full scale values of voltmeters shall be 120% of transformer primary value. (7) Frequency meter shall be self contained and its size shall be 144 x 144 mm. (8) The scale range shall be 45 to 55 Hz. The 50 Hz mark shall be at the 12 o'clock position on the scale. (9) The MWattmeters and MVarmeters shall have a full scale range corresponding to about 125 per cent of the rated power they shall measure. The watt-meters and varmeters shall have a centre zero scale. (10)A name plate written in English shall be attached to the instrument to indicate: rated values, specification number, manufacturer's name with country of origin, percentage error. (11) The energy meters shall be of the direct reading type with a minimum of 5 dials or digits calibrated in primary quantities with a suitable multiplier. They shall be provided with ratchets to prevent negative registration. (12) The registration errors of the energy meters for both unity and the 50 per cent lagging power factor shall not exceed those listed below when tested at rated voltage, frequency, temperature, and full load current, except if otherwise stated (13) One per cent at 10 to 50 per cent of the rated current and one half of one per cent at 50 to 150 per cent of the rated current. (14) One half of one per cent over a range of plus or minus 10 per cent of the rated voltage. (15) Four tenths of one per cent between 49 and 51 Hz. (16) One half of one per cent over a range of 20 to 40 degrees centigrade. (17) Power factor meter shall consist of a phase angle transducer and associated DC indicator with a power factor measuring range from 0.5 (lead) to 0.2 (lag). Its rated accuracy shall not exceed +1.5% of full-scale length. B. Control switches and auxiliary devices (1) Control switches for circuit-breakers and power-operated isolators shall be of the discrepancy type and shall be mounted integral with mimic diagrams. Circuit-breaker position shall be indicated by the position of the switch in relation to the mimic diagram. The switch shall continue the diagram line when showing "closed" and shall be at 90 to the line when showing "open". Positive location of switch in either of the indicating positions shall be provided. The switches shall be controlled by two separate motions, one shall be for selection and one for operation. To effect operation, the discrepancy control switch shall first be turned to the desired position. The discrepancy lamp shall light up but no audible alarm shall be given. Then the switches shall be pushed to effect operation and the light shall then go off. If the selection is to be abandoned without operation, the control switch shall be turned back to its original position. The direction of rotation shall be marked on the knob.
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(2) The annunciator units shall be of the multi-window type with individual alarm indicated by illumination of an inscribed transparent window. The dimension of the windows of the annunciator unit for trip functions shall be 65 x 30 mm minimum and those for other units shall not be less than 30 x 30 mm. (3) Each annunciator unit shall have its own "Acknowledge", "Reset" and "Test" push buttons. (4) The indicating lamps shall be provided for the supervision of DC supplies, annunciators, discrepancy and control switch indications. Except in the event of healthy trip (control/protection supply) indications they shall normally remain off and shall only light up on the appearance of a discrepancy, alarm or change in condition. Healthy trip indications shall be connected so as to give continuous supervision of the trip circuit and give an audible alarm. The supply supervision lamps shall be neon type. (5) Lamp test facilities shall be provided so that all indicating lamps on each panel can be tested simultaneously by operation of a common push button; under "test" the lamps shall flash and the audible alarm shall sound. (6) The lamp glasses shall be in standard colours. The colour shall be in the glass and not an applied coating and the different coloured glasses shall be replaceable. Suitable transparent synthetic materials may be used instead of glass. (7) Lamps shall be easily removed and replaced from the front of the panel by manual means. The lamp fittings shall allow adequate ventilation and shall not incorporate materials subject to deterioration under high ambient temperatures. The voltage rating of the lamps shall be at least 33 per cent higher than the nominal supply voltage to avoid frequent fusing. (8) The miniature circuit-breakers shall be double-pole with normally closed auxiliary contacts and suitable for surface mounting. They shall be of the plastic moulded type with arc chamber, overload and short circuit protections and terminal boards. The MCB's shall be rated for 10 Amps at the 220 V DC and 240 Volts AC system. The short circuit interrupting current shall be 10 kA. 2.1.1.10 Remote terminal unit (RTU) The RTU shall be provided to interface between telemetering and telecontrol equipment to transfer the requied data and commands The RTU shall consit of master terminal units, remote terminal units, input/output interfaces and other devices required for successful data transfer among the each project structure. The RTU shall be off proven design, modular in construction easily expansible to meet the changing needs for the electrical network 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Protective relays (1) One relay of each type. (2) One set of spare parts for each type of relay. (3) Two test plugs with cables for current circuits. (4) Two test plugs with cables for voltage circuit. 2.2.2 Programmable controllers (1) One set of spare parts for each type of controller including two electronic cards of each type. (2) Ribbons and paper for printer for one year operation. (3) Two printer. 2.2.3 Miscellaneous
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(1) (2) (3) (4) 3. 3.1

200% of indicator light bulbs of each type installed. 100% of fuses installed. 10% of auxiliary relays installed. Five lamp extractors.

EXECUTION ERECTION Switchboards and cubicles will be installed in the places indicated on the drawings. Unless otherwise indicated, the switchboards and cubicles shall be placed on the floor, on cable duct. Depending on circumstances, switchboards and cubicles shall be accessible from the front and rear or only from the front. Any change in layout shall be submitted for the Employer's prior approval.

3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL 3.2.1 Dry tests (1) Checking of circuit insulation. (2) Visual inspection of erection and connection of all items of equipment. (3) Checking of protective relays by injection on primary and on secondary of current and voltage transformers. All setting values of protection relays should be recommended by the Contractor and subject to approved by Load Dispatching Center. (4) Calibration of measuring systems. 3.2.2 Final tests (1) Operating tests

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October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.10

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Section 05.10 1. GENERAL

- CABLES, WIRING AND RACEWAYS

1.1 WORK INCLUDED 1.1.1 Scope of supply The present specifications cover all works concerning to the cables required for connection of equipments under this Lot, mainly: (1) 22kV power cables, low voltage power cables, control and monitoring cables, cable trays of powerhouse, switchyard, intake and spillway. (2) Power, control and monitoring cables between the powerhouse and the switchyard. (3) The 22kV connections from the 22 kV line end pole of 22kV local distribution line for construction to the 22kV HV insulator terminals of ST3 and ST4 auxiliary transformers. (4) This work shall concern cables of all types, of all duty voltages and cross-sections, as well as all supports, terminal boards, ducts and fastening and marking accessories. (5) The works covered by this section excludes telephone cables, lighting and sockets, isolated phase bus duct., which is included in the revelant sections. 1.2 RELATED WORK Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Division 05 : Powerplant Equipment (3) Division 06 : Power transformers and 220kV switchgears (4) 22kV local distribution line for construction. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS Connection to switchyard Cables for hard wired data and for buses internal communication network of supervisory system shall also be laid into duct along the cable duct between switchyard and powerhouse. In addition, the 400 V low voltage cable shall also be laid into this duct to supply the switchyard auxiliaries from the powerhouse. Connection to 22kV local distribution line The auxiliary transformer ST3 shall be supplied from 22 kV local overhead distribution line for contruction by 22 kV three-core cables laid into duct between the station transformer ST3 and the 22 kV line end pole near the powerhouse. The transformers ST4 at intake shall be supplied from 22 kV local overhead distribution line for contruction by bare coductors suspended on concrete poles.

1.3 1.3.0

1.3.1

1.3.2

Connection from 17.5kV LBS to auxiliary transformer The auxiliary transformers ST1 and ST2 shall be supplied from 13.8 kV Isolated phase bus duct by 22 kV single-core cables laid in cable tray between 17.5kV LBS cubicles to auxiliary transformers. 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Reference standards (1) IEC 227 : Polyvinyl chloride insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V (2) IEC 228 : Conductors of insulated cables
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(3) IEC 287 : Electric cables - Calculation of the current rating (4) IEC 502 : Extruded solid dielectric insulated power cables for rated voltages from 1 kV up to 30 kV 1.4.2 Design criteria (1) Duty voltage, specified voltage or rated voltage: (a) LV power cables: (i) duty voltage : 400 V (ii) rated voltage : 1000 V (b) LV monitoring cables: (i) duty voltage : <150 V, AC or DC (ii) rated voltage : 600 V (c) Medium voltage cables: (i) duty voltage : 22 kV AC (ii) rated voltage : 12.7 kV/24 kV (2) Design rules: The conductor core cross-section shall be determined according to the following criteria: (a) Permissible current under steady operating conditions, with necessary corrections for temperature conditions and laying conditions. (b) Permissible current under overload conditions. (c) Permissible current in the event of a short-circuit. (d) Permissible voltage drop in cable links : (i) Maximum 3% during steady operation, (ii) Maximum 10% during starting of motors. (e) Potential gradient for HV cables. (3) Minimum cross-sections of low voltage cables: (a) Power circuits : 2.5 mm (b) CT circuits : 4 mm (c) VT circuits : 6 mm (d) Monitoring circuits : 1.5 mm (4) Armouring: All AC and DC LV cables laid outside the power plant or structures, shall be protected from electromagnetic interference by steel armouring. The steel armour shall be linked to the earth system by a flexible copper connection welded to the armour. 1.4.3 Workshop tests (1) Cross-linked polyethylene insulated medium and high voltage cables: (a) Type test: Each 22 kV medium voltage cable shall be subjected to a type test as specified in IEC 502. The Contractor shall have the option of submitting a type test certificate concerning an identical cable. (b) Routine tests: The routine tests shall be carried out on cables in accordance with IEC 502. The Contractor shall have the option of submitting a type test certificate concerning an identical cable. (2) The test certificates shall be send to the Employer at his request. 1.5
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SUBMITTALS
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The Contractor shall submit for the Employer's approval his design notes for cable links together with all substantiating documents concerning design rules used. These design notes shall include, in particular: (1) Calculation of currents under steady operating conditions in relation to connected loads. (2) Calculation of fault currents under the most severe conditions. (3) Dimensional design of cables according to specified criteria. (4) Calculation of voltage drops. 1.6 DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING Cable ends shall be carefully covered to avoid damage during transport, storage and handling before installation. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

2.

2.1 MATERIALS 2.1.1 Conductors All conductors shall be made of stranded copper as per IEC standard 228. 2.1.2 Insulation All HV and LV power cables shall be insulated with cross linked polyethylene (XLPE). Outer sheath: All MV and LV power cables shall have a flame retardant, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) outer sheath. 2.1.3 Cable trays Cable trays and all associated accessories shall be made of hot-galvanised steel. Cable trays fitted outdoors shall, in addition, be protected by a coat of epoxy paint. 2.1.4 Earthing conductors Each MV and LV circuit shall include a suitably rated, separate earth conductor, run alongside the power cable, which shall have a PVC outer sheath. Earthing conductors shall be insulated with green PVC. 2.2 FABRICATION 2.2.1 22 kV cables (1) Stranded copper conductors. (2) Elastomer conductive shield. (3) Cross Link Polyethylene insulation. (4) Copper ribbon shield. (5) PVC sheath. 2.2.2 400-230V LV cables (1) Solid or stranded copper core. (2) Cross Link Polyethylene insulation. (3) Packing sheath. (4) PVC outer sheath. (5) One, two, three or four conductors. (6) Steel armour (where applicable). 2.2.3 LV monitoring cables (1) Stranded copper core. (2) PVC insulation. (3) Packing sheath.
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(4) PVC outer sheath. (5) Multiconductor. (6) Steel armour (where applicable). 2.2.4 Other cables Cables designed for low level links, instrumentation cables and binary or analogue data transmission cables shall be chosen in relation to the particular instructions of the equipment suppliers. As a general rule, they shall be of the telephone cable type, with individually shielded wires, with copper ribbon screen and PVC sheath. 2.2.5 Cable trays (1) Load resistance: Each tray shall be designed to support a minimum load of 30 kg per metre length and 60 mm highest width, with a minimum largest distance between supports of 1,8 metres. (2) Deflection: The cable tray deflection shall be less than 1% for the distance between supports. (3) Torsion: The lengthwise torsion shall be less than 3. (4) Spacing: (cable trench) For main cables, the interval between spacers shall not be greater than 340 mm and spacer width shall not be less than 15 mm. cable on trench must be clipped and the distance between clips is less than 1,5m. for cable in pit or vertical cable, the distance between clips is less than 0.8m. (5) Brackets: Support brackets shall be capable of withstanding the load specified in item 1 above, with a distance of 1.8 metres between supports. (6) Tees and crosses: Prefabricated parts shall be used. Edges shall be rounded to avoid damaging the cables. 2.2.6 Conduits (1) All conduits shall be sized in accordance with the number and total area of the cables that they contain including a 10% reserve. (2) All conduit runs shall be as straight as is practical considering major interference with other structures. (3) All bends and fittings shall have a radius which is larger than the minimum bending radius required by the size of the cables they contain (R10D). (4) DC and AC circuitry shall be separate. (5) Medium and low cable circuitshall be separated. (6) All exposed conduits shall be rigid aluminium or galvanised steel connected to earthing circuit. (7) All embedded conduit and fittings shall be either galvanised steel or plastic. 2.3 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.3.1 Cables (1) One length of each type of 22 kV cable (equal to the greatest length laid). (2) 5% of the total length laid for each type of cable with a cross-section less than or equal to 6 mm, including monitoring. 2.3.2 Special tools One complete set of tools for repairing a cable of each type.
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One complete set of tools for making end boxes of each type. 3. EXECUTION 3.1 ERECTION 3.1.1 Cables (1) General: As a general rule, cables shall be classified as follows: (a) Category 1: power cables with a voltage greater than 400 V. (b) Category 2: power cables with a voltage between 127 V and 400 V, including DC power cables (e.g. for field flashing). (c) Category 3: monitoring cables with a voltage between 24 and 127 V. (d) Category 4: instrumentation, measuring cables, etc. Cables of different categories shall, wherever possible, be laid separately. Cables connecting up to individual items of equipment may be laid either on individual supports or directly in tubing on walls or on metal structures. (2) Installation on cable trays: The cables shall be laid neatly, whether horizontally or vertically, avoiding cross-overs wherever possible and respecting the minimum bending radii specified by the supplier. The cables shall be attached to the cable trays at approximate intervals of two metres horizontally and one metre vertically as well as at bends using Rilsan clips or similar. Cables of different categories shall be laid on separate trays. When several trays are installed on top of one another, the arrangement on the different trays shall be as follows from the top to the bottom: (a) Category 4. (b) Category 3. (c) Category 2. (d) Category 1. Cables leading off from the traps shall be installed in cable ducts attached to the walls by clips, except for short upward or downward lengths not exceeding 500 mm. Cables of categories 1 and 2 shall be laid in a single layer and cables of categories 3 and 4 in several layers. (3) Single-core cables: Single-core cables shall be laid in trefoil and firmly fastened together and to the support by means of insulating clips or treated wood cable clamps. (4) Protection from shocks or sunshine: All cables likely to be exposed to shocks or to the sun's radiation must be protected by galvanised sheet screens. All cables crossing floors shall be protected by galvanised steel tubing or any other galvanised steel protection system at a minimum height of 1.50 m above floor level. (5) Buried cables: The cable trench shall be dug to a depth of 800 mm and shall be of sufficient width in relation to the diameter of the cables and their spacing. The bottom of the trench shall be carefully finished and covered with a 100 mm thick bed of sand before laying the cables. The cables shall be carefully laid straight, leaving a small amount of slack to avoid possible tension due to ground settlement. The cables shall be covered with a layer of sand of 10 cm minimum thickness and the trench will then be backfilled using the loose excavated material with prior screening if
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necessary to remove any materials likely to damage the cables. A cable warning system (plastic mesh or yellow tape) shall be placed not less than 20 cm above the cable. Non-armoured cables shall be provided with additional mechanical protection: rigid PVC tubing, prefabricated trough, cable tiles, etc. (6) Cables laid in concrete troughs: All the cables laid in troughs shall be supported by cable clamps or laid on trays and raised with respect to the floor of the trough. The Contractor shall be responsible for removing and reinstalling trough covering slabs as required during cable-laying operations. (7) Junctions: Each cable shall be laid in a single continuous length, unless the cable link length exceeds the standard cable manufacturing capacity. In such cases, junctions must be made using a non-soldered connector and according to the supplier's instructions. The junctions must be made only by experienced personnel, whose experience and qualifications shall have received the prior certification and approval of the Employer. (8) Cables passing through walls: After laying the cables, holes in walls must be filled in with cement or plaster to prevent the penetration of fire, air and dust. (9) Connections: Connections shall be made using an approved model of non-soldered connector. For low voltage cables, crimped cables lugs shall be used. For medium and high voltage cables, connections shall be made using indoor or outdoor cable ends of insulation class 24 kV according to the cable type. 3.1.2 Cable trays (1) Superposed trays: The minimum free vertical space between two horizontal trays shall be 250 mm. (2) Trays installed against walls: Provision shall be made for a 100 mm minimum distance to allow cables to be attached to the wall behind the tray end.. (3) Cutting: Trays shall be cut with a saw and saw barbs shall be removed. If trays are steel made, one coat zinc epoxy paint shall be applied on trays extremities. Oxyacetylene cutting shall not be permitted. (4) Distance between supports: The maximum distance between supports shall be 1,8 metres. (5) Earthing: Cable trays shall be connected to the general earth network. The trays supporting power cables shall include a separate earthing cable laid on the tray to which the other possible trays shall be earthed. Steel-copper connections shall be made by the use of appropriate connectors. (6) Conduits (a) All conduit ends shall be closed with caps, plugs, or blank discs during construction. (b) Conduit runs which cannot be provided with drainage shall be sealed with a sealing compound at each end after the cables are installed.
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Where applicable airtight sealing plugs, sealing bushings, or sealing compounds shall be used to seal around the cable to prevent transmission of air, moisture, and smoke from the conduit into the electrical housing enclosures. (d) All conduits shall be swabbed immediately before cables are pulled. (e) Unused conduits shall be closed by plugs. 3.1.3 Marking - Identification See Section C.05.01 Basic electrical requirements. 3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL (1) Insulation resistance measurements shall be carried out: (2) on each circuit for category 1 cable according to IEC 502 standard, (3) on each circuit for category 2 cables at 500 V for U < 380 V, (4) by sampling for categories 3 and 4 cables at 500 V.

(c)

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October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.11

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Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.11 - LIGHTING AND SOCKET OUTLET SYSTEM 1. 1.1 GENERAL WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the lighting and socket outlet system for the following structures: administration building, powerhouse, switchyard, intake, spillway, powerhouse perimeter and water prohibited areas in the powerhouse headrace and tailrace. The supply shall include: (1) Indoor and Outdoor normal lighting appliances and control system for all the above stuctures (2) Emergency lighting (3) Lighting and power outlet distribution board. (4) Portable appliances (5) 230 V single phase and 400 V three phase outlets (6) Cable and conduit

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements (2) Section 05.06 : AC low voltage distribution system (3) Section 05.10 : Cables, wiring and raceways 1.2.2 Co-ordination Supplies and works included under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade. (2) Lot MEU-1 : Hydromechanical equipment 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 Powerhouse (1) The lighting circuits shall be fed from the the AC auxiliary general services distribution boards installed at each structure. (2) In case of AC power failure, lighting shall be automatically supplied from the DC system supplied by DC distribution board installed in the powerhouse. (3) Normal indoor lighting circuit controls: contactor controlled either from subdistribution board at each floor or from control board in the central control room. (4) Normal outdoor lighting circuit controls: contactor controlled via photoelectric cell and manual override switch located in central control room (5) Installation: wall and ceiling-mounted, poles mounted around powerhouse. 1.3.2 Switchyard (1) The lighting circuits shall be fed from the lighting and small power distribution board installed in the switchyard control room. (2) In case of power failure lighting shall be automatically supplied from DC distribution board installed in the switchyard control room.
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1.3.3

1.3.4

1.3.5

1.3.6

(3) Normal outdoor lighting circuit controls: contactor controlled via photoelectric cell and manual override switch located in the switchyard control room. (4) Installation : wall and ceiling-mounted, substation structures mounted and poles mounted. Administration Building The electrical system including lighting, control system and power socket outlets for indoor installation of the Administration Building is fully described same as powerhouse. Intake (1) The lighting circuits shall be fed from the lighting and small power distribution board installed at the intake. (2) Normal outdoor lighting circuit controls: contactor controlled via photoelectric cell and manual override switch located at the intake. (3) Installation : on the poles around the intake area. Spillway (1) The lighting circuits shall be fed from the lighting and small power distribution board installed in the spillway control building . (2) Normal outdoor lighting circuit controls: contactor controlled via photoelectric cell and manual override switch located in the spillway control building. (3) Lightning installation : wall and ceiling-mounted, poles mounted around the spllway area and along the main dam. Power sockets (1) Suitably rated triphase and single socket outlets for powerhouse shall be installed as follows: (a) EL 406.00 and EL 409.00 (b) EL 412.50 (c) EL 416.00 (d) EL 420.00 (e) EL 425.10 (f) EL 428.90 (g) EL 432.20 (2) Suitably rated triphase and single socket outlets for Swithcyard control building and Spillway control room.

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Design criteria (1) The illumination levels that will be used as follows: Area Generator hall and loading bay Control room/ Unit control panels Switchgear battery charger rooms Equipment areas in general Offices Corridor/ Enclosed escape routes Non essential area Transformer compounds
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Average iliumination level (Lux) Normal Essential Emergency 150 50 0 500 200 200 150 50 0 150 0 0 300 0 0 100 50 50 100 0 0 50 0 0
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Diesel generator area Outdoor

100 30

100 0

50 0

(2) The indicated illumination values in lux shall be measured at 1 m above floor and calculated in relation to a depreciation factor of 1.4. (3) In a given room, the lighting will be as uniform as possible: the ratio between minimum and maximum values shall not be less than 0.7. (4) On the vertical face of control cubicle, the illumination level shall not be less than 75% of illumination level of room. (5) All luminaires shall be mounted in such position that glare is minimum; where necessary grids shall be fitted to the luminaires. (6) All outdoor luminaries and fittings shall be of watertight type. (7) The maximum voltage drop between the head of the circuits and the users shall be as follows: Lighting appliances: 3%. Socket outlets: 5%. 1.4.2 Workshop tests Distribution boards and cabinets shall be subjected to routine workshop tests. 1.5 SUBMITTALS The Contractor shall submit the following documents for the Employer's approval: Lighting calculation notes. Detailed manufacturer's technical leaflets for each item of equipment, including the photometric characteristics of the light fittings. Voltage drop calculations. Detailed drawings and schematic diagrams. (drawings of engineering, air conditioning and lighting of central control room) 2. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 LIGHT FITTINGS 2.1.1 Fluorescent tube light fittings (1) General: Switchstart lighting appliances with power factor correction cos 0.90. Standard 36 W tube. Rated service life: 1.800 hours minimum. (2) Open industrial reflectors: (a) White lacquer steel sheet casing containing electrical switchgear. (b) White lacquer steel sheet reflector with high reflecting capacity. (c) White lacquer steel sheet cut-off (or 'diffuser') screen. (d) Tube fittings: one or two 36 W tubes. (e) Enclosure protection index: IP 20. (3) Watertight industrial reflectors: (a) Glass-fibre reinforced polyester body. (b) Transparent Plexiglass trough with seal, fastened by non-removable hinged lock. (c) Tube fittings: one or two 36 W tubes. (d) Enclosure protection index: IP 54.
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(4) Watertight ceiling fittings with opal trough: (a) Glass-fibre reinforced polyester or lacquered steel plate body. (b) Rrapid-closing methyl methacrylate opal trough, with neoprene seal. (c) Tube fittings: one or two 36 W tubes. (d) Enclosure protection index: IP 563. (e) Ceiling mounted or pendant fitting. 2.1.2 Incandescent lamp light fittings (1) Industrial-type fixed lights for technical rooms: (a) Round or oval cast-iron body. (b) Tempered glass prismatic cover with seal. (c) Protective grating. (d) Enclosure protection index: IP 55. (e) Ceiling fitting or wall fitting. (2) Watertight fixed lights for damp rooms: (a) Double-insulated fixed lights with no external metal parts. (b) Body made of polypropylene or equivalent material. (c) Tempered-glass prismatic cover. (d) Enclosure protection index: IP 45. (3) Wall-mounted light fittings for sanitary blocks: (a) Double-insulated rectangular wall fittings with built-in insulation transformer and 20 VA socket outlet. (b) Body made of polypropylene or equivalent material. (c) Enclosure protection index: IP 42. 2.1.3 High pressure sodium lamp and mercury lamps fittings (1) Purblic-lighting type fitting with built-in switchgear. (2) Polypropylene or equivalent fairing. (3) Optics made of corrosion-proof treated aluminium. (4) Transparent methacrylate trough with neoprene seal. (5) Enclosure protection index: IP 55. (6) Fitted to lamp post socket or to end of tubular bracket (use for sodium lamp) (7) Circular or hexagonal section galvanised steel lamp posts. (8) Mercury lamps shall be fitted to steel structures of the roof . 2.1.4 Emergency lighting with rechargeable self-contained units (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Rechargeable self-contained unit. Ni-Cd battery with built-in charger. Glass-fibre reinforced polyester or lacquered steel plate body. Rrapid-closing methyl methacrylate opal trough, with neoprene seal. Tube fittings: one 36 W tubes. Enclosure protection index: IP 54. Ceiling mounted or pendant fitting. Installation: control room, relay room and machine room.

2.1.5 Self-contained potable emergency lighting units


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(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Rechargeable self-contained unit. Metal wall-mounted casing with carry handle. Ni-Cd battery with built-in charger. Drop-out switch. Lead with plug for connection to mains supply. Illumination: 160 lumens.

2.2 SOCKET OUTLETS 2.2.1 Oil treatment plant socket outlets Three-phase 400 V + E with plug top, suitably rated for oil treatment plants. Enclosure protection index: IP 67. Individually mounted or cabinet-mounted. 2.2.2 Socket outlets for office use 16A - single phase 230 V + E, surface mounted with ivory-colour plastic body. 2.2.3 Socket outlets for industrial premises (1) Three-phase 400 V + E with plug top, 20 A rating. Enclosure protection index: IP 54. Individually mounted or cabinet-mounted. (2) Single-phase 230 V + E with plug top, 20 A rating. Enclosure protection index: IP 54. Individually mounted or cabinet-mounted. 2.3 DISTRIBUTION PANEL 2.3.1 Construction (1) Every part of distribution panel: high grade materials, sufficient durable and easy to maintain, inspect and operate. (2) Cabinet: constructed with folded and weld steel plates not less than 1.6mm thick with front door. (3) Metal surface: anti-corrosive treatment and coat finishing. (4) Installation: wall mounted for indoor. 2.3.2 Electrical bus (1) Main bus: Copper with density < 155A/cm2, rigidly secured in place. (2) Separate neutral and earthing bar. (3) Neutral bus: insulated from cabinet, taped with terminal screw for each circuit. (4) Earthing bar: phosphor bronze stud with washer and nut. It shall be connected by flat copper strip of appropriate cross-section area to earthing terminal located at bottom and external to the panel. (5) Bus and circuit breaker shall be arranged so that any or all breaker can removed without disturbing any other breakers even if the bus is energized. 2.3.3 Circuit Breaker (1) Molded case and thermal type with quick-make and quick-break toggle mechanism for both manual and automatic operation. (2) In case of abnormal overload or short circuit on a branch circuit, the breaker shall open automatically.
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2.3.4 Switching devices Electromagnetic contactors for remote switching and automatic change over switches for DC power supply at the AC power drop shall be provided as shown on the drawings. 2.4 CABLES AND CONDUITS 2.4.1 400-230 LV cables All 400-230 V LV cables shall be made of: (1) Solid or stranded copper core. (2) Cross Link Polyethlene insulation. (3) Packing sheath. (4) PVC outer sheath. (5) One, two, three or four conductors. (6) Steel armour (where applicable). 2.4.2 Conduits (1) All conduits shall be sized in accordance with the number and total area of the cables that they contain including a 10% reserve. (2) All conduit runs shall be as straight as practical considering major interference with other structures. (3) All bends and fittings shall have a radius which is larger than the minimum bending radius required by the size of the cables they contain. (4) DC and AC circuitry shall be separate. (5) All exposed conduits shall be rigid aluminium or galvanized steel connected to earthing circuit. (6) All embedded conduit and fittings shall be either galvanized steel or plastic. (7) 5% of the total length laid shall be provided as spare for each type of cable of cross-section less than or equal to 6 mm. 2.5 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.5.1 Normal lighting appliances (1) 5% of the quantity of appliances of each type installed, with a minimum of one appliance. (2) One lamp post. (3) One wall bracket. (4) 20% of lamps, tubes of each type and each power rating. 2.5.2 Socket outlets (1) Five socket outlets of each type. (2) Ten 230 V + E, 20 A plugs. (3) Five 400 V + E, 20 A plugs. 3. EXECUTION 3.1 ERECTION 3.1.1 Cables D. Protection from shocks or sunshine: All cables likely to be exposed to shocks or to the sun's radiation must be protected by galvanised sheet screens. All cables crossing floors shall be protected by galvanised steel tubing or any other galvanised steel protection system at a minimum height of 1.50 m above floor level.
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E. Cables laid in concrete troughs: All the cables laid in troughs shall be supported by cable clamps or laid on trays and raised with respect to the floor of the trough. The Contractor shall be responsible for removing and reinstalling trough covering slabs as required during cable-laying operations. F. Junctions: Each cable shall be laid in a single continuous length, unless the cable link length exceeds the standard cable manufacturing capacity. In such cases, junctions must be made using a nonsoldered connector and according to the supplier's instructions. The junctions must be made only by experienced personnel, whose experience and qualifications will have received the prior certification and approval of the Employer. G. Cables passing through walls: After laying the cables, holes in walls must be fill in with cement or plaster to prevent the penetration of fire, air and dust. H. Connections: Connections shall be made using an approved model of non-soldered connector. The crimped cables lugs shall be used. 3.1.2 Conduits All conduit ends shall be closed with caps, plugs, or blank discs during construction. Conduit runs which cannot be provided with drainage shall be sealed with a sealing compound at each end after the cables are installed. Where applicable airtight sealing plugs, sealing bushings, or sealing compounds shall be used to seal around the cable to prevent transmission of air, moisture, and smoke from the conduit into the electrical housing enclosures. All conduits shall be swabbed immediately before cables are pulled. Unused conduits shall be closed by plugs. 3.2 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL After installation, the lighting and socket outlet circuits shall be subjected to the following inspection and test procedures: (1) Continuity of circuit conductors. (2) Continuity of protective conductors. (3) Insulation resistance. (4) Polarity. (5) Operation of protective devices. (6) Illumination measurements.

CC1

October 2007

Division 05 - Electrical Equipment

DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

Section 05.12

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Page 1 Bidding Documents

Section 05.12 - VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 1. 1.1 GENERAL WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the Ventilation and air conditioning system in each structure of the Project.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements. (2) Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements. (3) Section 05.13 : Fire alarm and fighting system. 1.2.2 Co-ordination Work under this section shall be co-ordinated with work covered by the following divisions: (1) Division 05 : Electrical equipments 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 General Ventilation of the powerhouse premises and facilities is designed for assimilation of heat excess released by process equipment in the premises, for dilution of noxious substances up to required concentration, and creation of comfortable and necessary technological conditions. Calculation of air exchange values for the premises is carried out with HPPs operational modes being taken into consideration. To ensure optimal parameters of indoor air quality in the premises, a separate air conditioning system is also envisaged. All systems shall be provided with the required equipment and starting valve even through they are not referred to in the description of scope of supplies. World wide practiced designation of the ventilation systems below are used in this Section: SAS01 Supply ventilation system with series numbers 1, 2, etc. SAE01 Exhaust ventilation system with series numbers 1, 2, etc. SAC01 Air conditioning system with series numbers 1, 2, etc. 1.3.2 Supply and exhaust ventilation system (1) Description and requirements Fresh air is supplied into air intake shaft located in powerhouse on the upstream side by SAS06 system at elevation +435.50. At the air intake of SAS06 system are equipped with meshes against insect. (a) Ventilation of machine hall, erection bay at elevation +416.00 and +425.10 Ventilation of machine hall, erection bay is designed for dilution of heat excess due to solar radiation through the windows and roof, heat emission from generator head covers, and exhaust air outflow from under floors through service hatch. Fresh air is taken naturally from air louvers mounted on the wall powerhouses right side
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(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)
CC1

Air exhaustion shall be effected by axial fans of SAE18 system mounted on downstream wall under the roof. Ventilation of electrical equipment rooms at elevation +416.00 Ventilation of electrical equipment rooms is designed for removal of heat excess released into the room. Fresh air is taken from air intake shaft by square inline centrifugal fans of SAS03, SAS04 system. And then, the air shall be distributed to the rooms through air ducts and air supply grilles. The air shall be removed from the rooms by square inline centrifugal fan of SAE17 system. The air shall be discharged through the air duct to elevation 425.10. A part of them outflow the machine hall by natural way through access doors. Ventilation of generator hall, electrical and mechanical equipment room at elevation +412.50 Ventilation of generator hall, electrical and mechanical equipment rooms is designed for removal of heat excess given of by process equipment and bus ducts. Fresh air is taken from air intake shaft by square inline centrifugal fan of SAS05 system. And then, the air shall be distributed through air ducts and air supply grilles. From generator hall and other rooms the air shall go up to the machine hall by natural way through openings and service hatch. Ventilation for oil storage at elevation +412.50 Supply air for oil storage room is taken from above SAS05 system. The air shall be removed from the room by square inline centrifugal fan of SAE19 system and discharged to elevation 425.10 All supply and exhaust air ducts at the entrance to these room are equipped with fire-retarding valves automatically operated in case of fire. Ventilation of central control room, control and protection cubicles room at elevation +420.00. Ventilation of central control room and cable room, substation control room and cable tunel, control and protection cubicles room is designed for creation of comfortable technological conditions. The sources of heat emission in the room include lighting devices, control and protection panels, and central control board and etc. Fresh air is taken from air intake shaft by square inline centrifugal fan with air filter of SAS01 system. And then, the air shall be distributed to the rooms through air ducts and air supply diffusers. The air is removed from the rooms by wall mounted type exhaust fans of SAE13, SAE14 system to corridor, and then exhausted by SAE15 system. Ventilation of communication room, low voltage equipments and DC cubicles room at elevation +420.00. Ventilation system is designed for removal of heat excess released into the rooms. Fresh air is taken from air intake shaft by square inline centrifugal fan of SAS02 system. And then, the air shall be distributed to the rooms through air ducts and air supply grilles. Air exhaustion for elevation +420.00 is carried out by square inline centrifugal fan of SAE15 system and discharged through air duct to elevation 425.10. Ventilation of battery room at elevation +420.00
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Ventilation of battery room is intended for creation of required temperature conditions, for long-term batteries exploitation. Fresh air into the room is supplied from SAS02 system. Supply air ducts at the entrance room are equipped with fire-retarding valves automatically operated in case of fire. The air shall be removed from the battery room by explosion proof square inline centrifugal fan of SAE16 system. The air shall be discharged through the air duct to elevation 425.10. (h) Ventilation of Addministration building The rooms of Administration building, including office rooms, conference rooms, canteen, are installed air conditioning system. The air is taken naturally through door openings. Wall mounted exhaust fans of SAE01to SAE10 system shall perform air exhaustion from all rooms of service building. (2) Data design Supply and exhaust air rates are determined separately for each room in compliance with purpose of the room and with requirements of equipment installed in there. (3) Components and performance characteristics of equipment All electric motors shall be of the high efficiency squirrel-cage induction type and comply with the relevant parts of IEC 60034. The motors shall be insulated IEC 60085 with Class F as the minimum insulation. Motor enclosures shall be in accordance with BS EN 60034-5 and the degree of protection shall be appropriate to the location in which the motors are operating and the environment indicated. Unless otherwise specified, motors shall be protected with enclosures to at least IP 44 for indoor and IP 55 for outdoor application. Power supply shall be 230/400V AC, 50Hz. Motors of 2.2 kW output or above shall be suitable for operation from three-phase supply. The synchronous speed of the motor shall not exceed 25 rev/s unless otherwise approved. Ventilation systems shall be controlled from the local control cubicles, which shall be equipped with all necessary control devices (push buttons, relays, indicators, etc.). A lot of cables for connection of all electrical devices shall be supplied. The supplied equipment shall be factory-tested at the manufacturing plant to be reflected in a certificate with attachment of the operating instructions. Packing of the ventilation system for transportation should prevent from mechanical damages and environmental impacts. Performance characteristics of the ventilation systems with designation parameters are given in Drawings. 1.3.3 Air conditioning system (1) Description and requirements The air conditioning systems to be supplied shall operate jointly with the air supply and exhaust systems for heat excesses removal with observation of the requirements for the equipment in service and air quality requirements. For central control room, control and protection cubicles room at elevation +420.00, the air conditioning system shall be multi-zone modular split type air conditioning system.
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For the rooms of service building, the air conditioning system shall be single split type air-conditioner consisting of an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. (2) Design data The required rates and capacity of the air conditioning system are determined separately for each room in accordance with a purpose of the room and equipment installed in there. (3) Components and performance characteristics of equipment Each air conditioning system shall be supplied completely with the required associated materials, steel wares, valves, instrumentation and automatic controls equipment. The supplied equipment shall be factory-tested at the manufacturing plant to be reflected in a certificate with attachment of the operating instructions. Packing of the ventilation system for transportation should prevent from mechanical damages and environmental impacts. Performance characteristics of air conditioning systems with designation parameter are given in Drawings. 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Codes and standards Following standards shall be used unless otherwise Vietnamese relevant standards dont exist: (1) Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS). (2) Heating, Air conditioning and Sanitary Standard in Japan (HASS). (3) ASHRAE (4) Other approved standards and codes. 1.4.2 Design criteria (1) External conditions The climatic site conditions are detailed in Volume 9. (2) Design conditions In addition to the Clause 1.3 above, the design conditions for the ventilation and air conditioning systems shall be as following: Room conditions Max. temperature, dry bulb 1.5 Air conditioning 26oC Ventilation 30oC

Max. relative humidity at max. temperature 65% 90% SUBMITTALS All pertinent technical documents as well as the design and detailed explanation of equipment and operation of the complete system shall be submitted to Employer for approval, in particular: (1) Layout drawings of equipment including list of equipments and materials, (2) Details of piping, (3) Fabrication details of ducts and detail layout, (4) Details of sleeves and opening for piping and ducting, (5) Details of supports, hangers, attachments and anchoring, (6) Details of vibration isolation, (7) Details of equipment foundation, (8) Detailed layout of electrical wiring and conducting,
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(9) (10) (11) (12) (13) 2.

Complete electrical connection and control diagrams, Test reports for all tests performed Maintenance operating instructions, Other drawings required by the Employer, Spare part list.

PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Ventilation system (1) Square inline centrifugal fan Square inline centrifugal fans shall be driven by electric motors through V-belt drives. Fan housing shall be square in shape. The unit shall be provided with belt guard and motor cover, which are made of galvanized steel, and vibration isolators. Vibration isolators for ceiling suspended units shall be spring or neoprene type. Duct collars shall be provided for easy mounting without the need for square to round duct transition. Motors shall be of the heavy-duty ball bearing type, closely matched to the fan load. Motors shall be mounted on the outside of the unit, isolated from the air-stream. Bearings shall be of the one piece, pillow block type with relubricated cast iron and zerk fittings. Bearings shall be capable of withstanding for long time and continuously operation. Drives shall be sized for a maximum of 150% of driven horsepower. The belt and pillow block ball bearings shall be protected from the air-stream by an enclosure. Fan housing shall be made of heavy gauge galvanized steel, and shall be fabricated by riveting or welding as not permit any leakage, vibration and deformation. A water drain outlet shall be provided at the lower portion of the housing. Fan housing shall have universal mounting brackets to accommodate horizontal or vertical installations. Unit side panels shall be removable for easy access for service and maintenance without the need to remove duct connections. Side panels can provide a 90-degree side discharge. Fan wheels shall be of the non-overloading centrifugal backward inclined type, constructed of aluminium or galvanized steel and containing a matching inlet venturi for optimum unit performance. Wheels shall have sufficient strength to withstand high-speed operation without deforming, and shall be well balanced both dynamically and statically to assure long life and quite operation with low noise and vibration. Fan shafts shall be made of substantial mild steel. Fan shaft shall be precision ground and polished, and shall have a first critical speed of a least 125% of the fans maximum operating speed. Side discharge kits (including panels, mounting collars, and necessary hardware) shall be provided exceptional adaptability for any installation, as well as avoiding the system effect of disrupted airflow when the ductwork has to take a 90-deegree turn. The units are manufactured under strict quality assurance standards to insure performance and years of maintenance free operation. The other necessary accessories shall be also provided such as: hanger, bracket, channel base with bolts and others. (2) Louvered penthouse supply fan
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(3)

(4)

(5)

Louvered penthouse supply fan is a roof mounted centrifugal supply fan designed to provide filtered outside air to buildings. The unit is a self-contained, completely weatherproof filtered supply fan package. This package includes backward curved fan, common fan/motor base, V-belt drive, and filters all enclosed in a louvered aluminium hood with aluminum top cap. A reinforcing rib in every louver extrusion gives additional strength to each louver. Hoods shall be louvered penthouses constructed of all aluminum welded structural framing and heavy alloy blade extrusions with mitered corners. Low profile cover is pitched to ensure water runoff. Roof curb cap shall be aluminum with support structure and fan constructed of steel. All units shall be equipped with re-usable aluminium filters. Fan housings shall have galvanized lock seam construction. Housings shall be suitably braced to minimize vibration or pulsation. Fan housings shall have spun, aerodynamically designed, inlet cones or inlet venturies for smooth airflow into the wheels. All fan wheels shall have wheel cones or shrouds, providing stable flow and high rigidity. Wheels shall be of the non-overloading type. Backward curved wheels shall be single thickness plate type, continuously welded to the rim and back plate. Blades shall be designed for maximum efficiency and quiet operation. All wheels shall be statically and dynamically balanced. The complete fan assembly shall be test balanced at the operating speed prior to shipment. Shafts shall be manufactured of AISI 1040 or 1045 cold rolled steel, accurately turned, ground, polished, and ring gauged for accuracy. Drive extensions shall be provided at both ends for mounting flexibility. Bearings shall be pillow block, heavy-duty, anti-friction, self-aligning, greases lubricated, ball or roller type. Each fans bearings shall be sized with a minimum average life, per AFBMA, in excess of 200,000 hours when operating at the maximum RPM. The necessary accessories shall be provided such as: fan inlet screens, bird screens, disconnect switches, roof curbs, vibration isolation units etc., shall be also provided. Axial flow fan Axial flow fans shall be of either the single-stage type or the multi-stage, central-rotating type with each impeller mounted on an independent motor. Impellers shall be of galvanized steel or aluminium alloy; the blades shall be secured to the hub or the blades and the hub shall be formed in one piece. The hub shall be keyed to a substantial mild steel shaft carried in two bearings and the whole statically balanced. Propeller fan Propeller fans and motors shall be supported on heavy metal frames designed for wall opening mounting. Motors shall have totally enclosed enclosures. Fan wheels less than 60 cm in diameter shall be directly connected to the motor. Impellers shall be of steel or aluminium; the blades shall be fastened to the hub or the blades and hub shall be formed in one piece. The bearings may be ball, roller, or sleeve type. Propeller fans shall be mounted diaphragm in a casing. Gravity damper and rain-hood shall be provided on the exterior side of wall. The tip speed of propeller fans shall, unless otherwise indicated, not exceed 20 m/s. Controls All air conditioning and mechanical ventilating equipment shall be controlled from local control panels.
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Control panels shall be house all starters, isolator, fuses, relays, controllers, contactors, time switches, instrumentation and associated equipment for the system they serve. Control panels shall indicate the following: On fault/trip conditions for all motor and electrical equipment, Control circuit fuse fail, Filter blocked,

High/low temperature, pressure and humidity alarms. Control panels shall be connected to the main supervisory system, and alarms shall also be monitored to the main control room. 2.1.2 Air conditioning system (1) Single split type air-conditioner Single split type air-conditioner shall consist of one indoor unit, one outdoor unit, refrigerant piping, drainage piping, power and control cables, remote controller and other accessories, etc. (a) Indoor Unit The indoor unit shall be of wall mounted type and consisting of following specified devices: Fan : Centrifugal fan. Cooling coil Air filter Drainage pump Casing (b) : Copper tube and aluminium fin. : Polypropylene. : Water head 0.6m or more. : Galvanized steel sheet and melamine backed paint. Refrigerant controller : Electronic expansion valve and capillary tube.

Diffuser : 2 or 4 directions diffuser with auto-swing. Outdoor Unit The outdoor unit shall be of floor type and consisting of following specified devices: Compressor : Inverter control compressor Coil Fan : Copper tube and aluminium fin : Propeller fan.

Refrigerant controller : Mechanical expansion valve. (2) Casing : Galvanized steel sheet and melamine backed paint. Multi-zone modular split type air conditioning system Multi-zone modular split type air conditioning system is a variable refrigerant volume (VRV) system. Each system shall consist of one air-cooled outdoor condensing unit connected to a group of indoor fan coil units in one single refrigerant circuit. The outdoor unit shall not comprise more than three compressors. For multi compressors outdoor unit, one shall be inverter control compressor. The inverter compressor shall be incorporated with a frequency inverter control to achieve the optimum flow of refrigerant in response to the actual load. The inverter shall be available for cooling only. (a) Indoor Unit
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The indoor unit shall be of ceiling mounted cassette or wall mounted type and consisting of following specified devices: Fan : Diffuser turbo fan, direct drive. Coil Air filter Drainage pump Housing Casing Air discharge grille (b) : Copper tube and aluminium fin. : Polypropylene frame and net. : Water head 0.6m or more. : Polypropylene. : Galvanized steel plate and melamine backed paint. : 4 way discharge outlets with auto-swing. Refrigerant controller : Electronic expansion valve and capillary tube.

Air suction grille : Polypropylene. Outdoor Unit The outdoor unit shall be of floor type and consisting of following specified devices: Compressor : Inverter control compressor. Coil Fan : Copper tube and aluminium fin : Propeller fan, direct drive.

Refrigerant controller : Electronic expansion valve. (3) Casing : Galvanized steel sheet and melamine backed paint. Refrigerant Piping (a) Copper tubing Refrigerant piping shall be deoxidised phosphorous seamless copper pipe. Joints shall be brazed except that joints on line lines 20mm and smaller may be flared. (b) Fittings for copper tubing Fittings for flare joints shall be standard forged-brass flare type with short-shank flare units. Fittings for brazed joints shall be wrought-copper or forged-brass sweat fittings. Cast sweat-type fitting shall not be allowed for brazed joints. (c) Pipe insulation Refrigerant piping line shall not be insulated until after the pipes have been proven tight under the required pressure test. The insulation material shall be fibrous glass, mineral fiber or heat resistant polyethylene foam. The insulation thickness shall be as recommended by manufacturer of the air-conditioning equipment. Exposed insulated piping in traffic area shall be fitted with a metal jacket to protect insulation. Drainage Piping Drainage piping shall be polyvinyl chlorine (PVC) pipe with internal diameter 25mm. Remote Controller For a single split type air conditioner, a wired or wireless remote controller shall be provided. For an advance multi-zone modular split type (VRV system), remote controller shall be of the liquid crystal display (LCD) type. The remote controllers shall have following appearance and functions: On-off switch for operational features.
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Operation mode selection and display: cool, fan, dry. Fan speed selection and display: 3 steps. Timer programming and display. Temperature setting and display. Room temperature display. Diffuser automatic swing: on/off. Filter change singe and reset. Self-diagnosis function and auto restart function. 2.1.3 Duct works (1) General Duct shall be constructed of galvanized steel sheets. Duct, unless otherwise approved, shall conform to the dimensions indicated and shall be straight and smooth on the inside, with joints neatly finished. All edges and lips shall be hammered down to leave a smooth interior duct finish. Ducts shall be so constructed and installed as to be completely free from vibration under all conditions of operation. Joints shall be made substantially airtight at all joint connections, grilles, registers, or diffusers. Ducts shall be securely supported by the building structures. Where supports are required between structural members, suitable intermediate metal framing shall be provided. During construction, openings in the air duct shall be covered with a suitable material to prevent dust from accumulating in the ducts. (2) Air duct Curved elbows shall have a centerline radius of not less than 1.5 times the width or diameter of the duct. Laps at the joints shall be made in direction of airflow. Transformations shall be made with sides pitched not to exceed a maximum of 20 degrees, and 40 degrees included angle for diverging airflow. Other details of duct construction, access doors, hangers, anchors and supports, duct joint, volume dampers, and hood construction shall be as indicated. Ducts and stiffeners shall be fabricated in accordance with the following table: Galvanized Sheet, Longer Side Bracing Gauge and (thickness) in of Duct in cm mm 26 (0.5) 15 40 None 25x25x3 mm girth angle reinforcing 24 (0.6) 41 75 spaced on 180cm max. centers 30x30x3 mm girth angle reinforcing 22 (0.8) 76 150 spaced on 90cm max. centers 40x40x3 mm girth angle reinforcing 20 (1.0) 151 225 spaced on 90cm max. centers 40x40x5 mm girth angle reinforcing 18 (1.2) 226 & over spaced on 180cm max. centers
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(3)

(4)

Notes: ducts with longer sides of 500 mm and over shall have angle flanged joint. Duct supports shall be not less than two steel hangers spaced one on each side of duct in accordance with the following table. Supports on the risers shall allow free vertical movement of the duct. Galvanized Sheet, Gauge and (thickness) in Max. bracing Angle support (mm) mm (cm) 26 (0.5) 25 x 25 x 3 300 24 (0.6) 25 x 25 x 3 300 22 (0.8) 30 x 30 x 3 300 20 (1.0) 40 x 40 x 3 300 18 (1.2) 40 x 40 x 5 300 Note: Hangers shall be steel rod 9mm in diameter. Air Deflectors Air deflectors shall be provided in all square elbows, duct-mounted supply outlets, takeoff of extension collars to supply outlets, and tap-in branch-takeoff connections. Air deflectors shall be factory fabricated and factory or field assembled units consisting of curved turning vanes or louver blades for uniform air distribution and change of direction with minimum turbulence and pressure loss. Diffusers, Registers and Grilles (a) General Diffusers, registers, and grilles shall be the approved products of a manufacturer regularly engaged in the manufacture of such products, and shall be factory fabricated of steel, aluminium or PVC depend on installed location, They shall distribute the specified quantity of air evenly over space intended, without causing noticeable drafts, or dead spots anywhere in the conditioned area. The Contractor shall be responsible for diffusion, spread, drop, and throw. If, according to the certified data of the manufacturer of the proposed units, if the sizes indicated will not perform satisfactorily, the units shall be reselected to perform quietly and effectively in accordance with the manufacturers approved recommendations. A schedule of all air inlets and outlets shall be submitted indicating location, types, specified air quantity neck or face velocity, sound power level values, pressure drop, throw and drop for registers, and maximum and minimum diffusion range for diffusers. Diffusers and registers shall be provided with an opposed-blade volume controller with accessible key operation unless otherwise indicated or, if standard with the manufacturer, an automatically controlled device. In order for the ceiling grilles and diffusers to match with the false ceiling layout pattern, the actual size of the grilles and diffusers shall be confirmed by the Employer before ordering. For all grilles and diffusers which are smaller than the ceiling tile on which they are installed, they shall be located in the centre of the ceiling tile. The exact location of the ceiling grilles and diffusers shall be coordinated with other services. The Contractor shall confirm the exact location with the Employer before works commence. (b) Diffusers Diffusers shall be round or square. Diffusers shall be provided with air deflector of the type indicated. Ceiling mounted units shall be installed with rims tight against ceiling whether flush, recessed or surface mounted.
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(5)

Sponge-rubber gasket shall be provided between ceiling and surface mounted diffusers. Suitable trim shall be provided for flush mounted diffusers. Duct collar connecting the duct to the diffuser shall be airtight and shall not interfere with the volume controller. (c) Registers Registers shall be four-way directional control type except that return and exhaust registers may be fixed horizontal or vertical louver type similar in appearance to the supply register face. Registers shall be provided with sponge-rubber gasket between flanges and wall or ceiling. Wall supply register shall be installed at the least 15cm below the ceiling, unless otherwise indicated. Return and exhaust registers shall be located 15 cm above the floor unless otherwise indicated. Four-way directional control may be achieved by grille face which can be rotated in four positions or by adjustment of horizontal and vertical. (d) Grilles Grilles shall be as specified herein for registers, without volume control damper. (e) Louvers Louvers blades shall be fabricated from aluminium or steel sheets, and shall be provided with frame of structural shapes. Blades shall be accurately fitted and firmly secured to frames. Edges of louver blades shall be folded or beaded for rigidity and baffled to exclude driving rain. Louver shall be provided with bird screen. Sheet metal thickness shall be as indicated in the Drawings or as directed by the Employer. Dampers (a) General All damper frames shall be constructed of No.16 gauge galvanized sheet metal, and shall have flanges for duct mounting. The blades shall be parallel or opposed, as required, and suitable for air velocities to be encountered in the system. (b) Manual dampers and splitters Manual dampers with locking quadrants, multiple-blade dampers, and splitter dampers shall be installed where indicated or necessary for proper control and balancing of air distribution. All dampers shall have an accessible operating mechanism. Exposed parts of operating mechanism occurring in finished portions of the building shall be chromium plated with all exposed edges rounded. Splitter dampers shall be operated by quadrant operators or steel rod brought through the side of the duct with locking set-screw and bushing. Two rods are required on splitters over 200mm. Manual volume control dampers shall be operated by locking type quadrant operators. Dampers and splitters shall two gauges heavies than the duct in which they are installed. Unless otherwise indicated, multi-leaf dampers shall be opposed-blade
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(6)

(7)

type maximum blade width of 300mm. Splitter dampers shall be sufficient length to close off either branch duct. Volume dampers shall be provided where indicated. Flexible Connections Where sheet-metal connections are made to fan or where ducts or dissimilar metal are connected, a non-combustible flexible connection of woven asbestos or other approved non-combustible material approximately 150mm in width, shall be installed. Flexible connections shall be securely fastened by zinc-coated iron clinch-type draw bands, for round ducts. For rectangular ducts the flexible connections locked to metal collars shall be installed using normal duct construction methods Duct painting Ducts for exposed surface shall be painted with one coating layer of prime and two finishing oil-paint layers.

2.2

SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS The Contractor shall supply one set of special tools if required, for dismantling and maintenance of the system, one set of field test equipment.. The Contractor shall supply a set of spare parts for ventilation and air conditioning system. The list of spare parts shall be submitted to the Employers approval. EXECUTION INSPECTION The Contractor shall examine all products for defects that could adversely affect the execution and quality of work as regards to quality, dimensions and requirements stated within this specification and on the drawings. No work shall be started until any unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected. PREPARATION Before any air refrigeration and air distribution installation is started the location of pipe, duct support and hangers, built-in framing, base structure for units, fans, sleeves and prepared openings and openings for outlets/inlets shall be established. All ducts, hangers, etc in the battery room shall be acid-proof. Ducts in which condensation may occur shall be installed with gradient and drained at low points.

3. 3.1

3.2

3.3 CLEANING AND ADJUSTING 3.3.1 Ventilation system Inside of ducts, plenums and casing shall be thoroughly cleaned of all debris and blown free of all small particles and dust. Equipment shall be wiped clean free of all traces of oil, dust, dirt or paint spots. Bearings shall be properly lubricated with oil or grease as recommended by manufacturer. Belts shall be tightened to proper tension. Control valves and other miscellaneous equipment requiring adjustment shall be adjusted to setting indicated or directed. Fans shall be adjusted to the speed indicated by the manufacturer to meet the specified conditions. Duct systems shall be balanced to produce air quantities within 10% of that indicated. Should there be no volume control damper specified in the Drawings, balancing of air quantities will not be required. 3.3.2 Air conditioning system Pipes shall be cleaned free of scale and thoroughly flushed of all foreign matter. Temporary bypass shall be provided for all coils to prevent flushing gas from passing through coils.
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Equipment shall be wiped clean free of all traces of oil, dust, dirt, or paint spots. It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to maintain the system in this clean condition until final acceptance. Refrigerant systems shall be balanced to produce refrigerant gas quantities as indicated with all manual and automatic control devices open. 3.4 TESTINGS 3.4.1 Ventilation system (1) General All supply, return and exhaust ducts, plenums and casings shall be tested and made substantially airtight at the static pressure indicated by the Employer before being covered with insulation or concealed in masonry. Substantially airtight shall mean that no air leakage is noticeable through the senses of feeling or hearing at all duct joints. (2) Performance tests Performance tests to demonstrate the capacity specified and general operating characteristics of all equipment shall be conducted including the items below. The test shall cover a period of not less than 3 days for each system. Fans : Air quantity, static pressure, and electrical power output. Air outlets and inlets: Air quantity, air velocity. Controls : Setting and performance of automatic or safety controls. 3.4.2 Air conditioning system (1) General Upon completion of installation of the air-conditioning system, and at a time designated by the Employer, the entire system shall be performance tested as specified hereinafter. The test shall be conducted in the presence of the Employer. Procedures for conducting of the tests shall conform to the applicable standard. The Contractor shall furnish all instruments, test equipment, electricity, required gas and personnel that are required for the tests at no extra cost to the Employer. (2) Performance test After the air conditioning system is accepted, tests to demonstrate the capacity specified and general operating characteristics of all equipment shall be conducted by a competent experienced engineer in the presence of the Employer. The tests shall cover a period of not less than 3 days for each system and shall demonstrate that the entire system is functioning in accordance with the Drawings and the Specifications. Corrections and adjustments shall be made as necessary to produce specified conditions. Air-conditioner : Air temperature, air quantity, electric power output. Controls: : Setting and performance of automatic or safety controls.

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PECC2

Section 05.13

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Section 05.13 1 1.1

FIRE ALARM AND FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM

GENERAL WORK INCLUDED The present specifications cover all works concerning to the Fire alarm and fire fighting system in powerhouse, switchyard, intake, and spillway as following: (1) Fire alarm system at powerhouse, administration building and switchyard. (2) Completion of inside and outside water fire fighting system at powerhouse and 220kV switchyard. (3) Completion of CO2 fire fighting system at powerhouse. (4) Mobile dry type fire extinguishers at powerhouse, adminitration building, switchyard control house, spillway control building, intake control house.

1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Division 01 : General requirements (2) Division 05 : Power plant Equipments. (3) Division 06 : Power transformer and 220kV switchygear. 1.2.2 Co-ordination The work under this section shall be co-ordination with work covered by the following: (1) Lot CWL : Civil work for DakRtih lower cascade. (2) Section 03.04 : Generator. (3) Section 06.01 : Power transformer. (4) Section 05.12 : Ventilation and air conditioning system. (5) Section 06.08 : Civil work for switchyard and 220kV transmission line 1.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 Fire alarm system Automatic fire alarm system is used for early detection of fire and fire alarm system automatic activation. The fire detection system consists essentially of a master fire alarm annunciator and control panel is located in the Central control room to which are connected the detection loops, manual alarm tripping loops and other relations in closed circuits. A slave annunciator is located at the guardhouse on the exterior of the powerhouse to indicate the area where alarm activation by fire or smoke has occurred. The power supplies for the automatic fire alarm systems will include a standby battery and automatic battery charger. The system will be designed remain operative in the even of failure of the standby battery or the AC supply. Activation of a detection and manual alarm tripping loop within any single area will operate audible alarms in all areas. Activation of a detection and manual alarm tripping loop in any area will also shutdown the air conditioning and ventilation systems in all areas, except for systems that do not cause the spread of smoke outside the area of fire. 1.3.2 Fire fighting system The fire fighting system consists of portable fire extinguishers, fixed ring main with hydrants and hoses, automatic water spray sprinkler system, automatic inert gas flood system and back up fire pumps.
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The automatic fire protection systems will be provided for hazards such as generators and transformers. The general fire protection for all the structures and 220kV switchyard of project will be performed manually from general fire water supply. The main transformers are equipped with automatic fire-fighting appliances of water spray sprinkler system. Generators shall be equipped with manual fire fighting water supply equipment or automatic CO2 flood systems. The general fire water supply system will provide water to hose-reels and standpipe hydrants at suitable different locations inside and outside the powerhouse and 220kV outdoor switchgear. The portable fire extinguishers shall be provided and installed at the all floors in the powrehouse, adminitration building, 220kV switchyard control house, spillway control house, intake area. A fixed fire water ring main reticulation system will provide water to hydrants, hose-reels, water spray sprinkler systems and automatic deluge systems within the powerhouse, outside the powerhouse and in the generator step-up transformer enclosure areas. The primary water supply source for the fire fighting system of entire project will be taken from the penstock upstream of the turbine inlet valves, through strainers and control valves. The backup water supply source will be taken from the tailrace through emergency backup fire pumps. However, for the 220kV outdoor switchyard, the water supply source for fire fighting system will be taken from the intake via strainers, control valves, pipeline system and fire pumps. 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE The installation and equipment shall comply with current edition of: (1) Vietnamese Regulations and Standards. (2) NFPA : National Fire Protection Association. (3) IEC 60839 : Alarms Systems (4) European standard : EN 54-1 to EN 54-9. SUBMITTALS All pertinent technical documents as well as the design and detailed explanation of equipment distribution and operation of the completed system shall be submitted to Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting Department of Vietnam for approval. PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES

1.5

2.

2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 Detectors (1) General: Fire alarm sensors are installed on the premises required installation of automatic fire alarm and automatic fire fighting system for houses and main structures. The sensors are used for early fire detection by its signs such as smoke, fire, high temperature and further converting into electric signals. Thermo-electric couple detectors fixed in generator housing and above main transformer tanks shall detect abnormal temperature rise due either to coil, to tank or bushing fire or other fire within the transformer enclosure. Compensation shall be provided to avoid untimely detection due to variation of load or ventilation.
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The detectors shall be linked together and connected to a terminal located near each generator and transformer. The detectors must be simple, robust, insensitive to shocks, vibration, dust, humidity, hose proof. They shall not comprise moving pieces or contacts and shall guarantee an absolute safety. The Contractor shall be responsible for determining the most appropriate type of detector on the basis of a fire risk analysis and appraisal of environmental conditions. The detectors shall be of the draw-out type on the standard base, so that the type may be changed at any time. When more than one detector type is required, equal numbers of each type shall be uniformly positioned. In all cases, the Manufactures recommendations shall be followed. (2) Smoke detectors: Smoke detectors shall be of the ionisation, photoelectric and/or optical detection type, reacting to visible and invisible combustion products. On activation the detectors will latch and remain in the alarmed state until reset from the master control panel. Correct operation of the detector will be visibly indicated by a short pulse of the external visible red LED at regular intervals. They shall be equipped with a self-compensating system for temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure variations. (3) Heat detectors: Heat detectors shall be UV or thermostatic detectors, responding to a rapid rise in temperature and to an abnormally high temperature. The nominal operating temperature setting of the detectors will not exceed the expected maximum ambient temperature by more than 30oC. The detectors shall be provided with a built-in alarm indicator. 2.1.2 Manual call points In case personnel are present, it shall be possible to activate the alarm manually by means of special manual call points located on emergency egress routes, stairway landings and at exits to open air. They shall be combination-mounted and of the type in which a frangible glass cover plate is smashed releasing a switch which initiates an alarm without further action by the user. They shall be coloured red, with the words "FIRE ALARM" in white either on or immediately adjacent to the body of the Call Point. The Call Points shall have a "Test" facility whereby fire alarm may be triggered without breaking the glass or dismantling the unit. Affter operation, it shall only be possible to reset call points from the master fire alarm annunciator and control panel. The units shall be housed in shatterproof, corrosion resistant, red engineering grade plastic housings with key operated test/reset locks. The Call Points shall be surface mounted on the combinations. The centre of the frangible plate shall be 1400 mm above the finished floor levels. Warning light and audio annunciators that can produce light and audio signals in working area should be installed for fire warning. Power supply of light and audio annunciators is made from 220 VAC power line. Sound level is 100dB/m. 2.1.3 Master fire alarm annunciator and control panel The master fire alarm annunciator and control panel is used for signal receiving from sensors (fire, failure of signaling line). The panel ensures display of all the incoming informations from the protected objects (signal Fire, Failure) by means of optical indicators and audio
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signaling, translation of incoming signals by relay contacts and development of address signals for activation of automatic firefighting systems and automatic fire alarm system. Fire alarm annunciator panel will be capable of activating the audible and visual alarm system based on the detection of combustion signals. A muting/reset switch will be provided to cancel the audilble alarm but not the visible alarm. This switch will not inhibit any subsequent alarms, which will reactivate the audible alarm. A supervisory buzzer will sound throughout the duration of any alarm condition after the master alarm has been muted. Each fire alarm area, as determined in the fire rick evaluation, will be individually monitored such that a fault condition will not prevent the fucktion of any other area. Yellow and red indicating lamps will provide visual indication of the area fault and alarm. Potential free contacts of a relay shall be provided for automatic shutdown of the air conditioning and ventilation plant in the even of an alarm, except for those systems that do not cause the spread of smoke outside the area of the fire. Cables shall not be glanded directly into the master fire alarm annunciator and control panel, but into an adjacent junction box. Area isolation switches shall be provided for maintenance purposes and to prevent the master audible alarm and visual alarm being activated during maintenance. Activation of an area isolation switch shall not inhibit the individual area fault alarm indicator. A system test isolation key switch shall be provided to prevent the transmissions of alarm signals to a remote location or shutdown of air conditioning or ventilation plant, but shall not inhibit the operation of the alarm system. A separate visual alarm shall be illuminated during the period that an area or system has been isolated. All area and system isolation switches shall be mounted on the panel under a separate cover, or other means, to prevent unauthorised isolation. A master alarm pushbutton shall be provided on the panel to manually activate all audible alarms for emegencey or test purposes. A master Lamp Test pushbutton shall be provided to illuminate all visual indicators. The master fire alarm control panel shall have sufficient input and output loops sufficient or the number of detectors and alarms determined by the Fire Rick Evaluation plus 10% spare. (1) Capacity: Decided by Contractor. (2) Inputs shall include the following: (a) Detector loops. (b) Manual call point loops. (c) Any test loops necessary to allow system testing from time to time. (d) Area isolation to allow maintenance to be carried out. (3) Outputs shall include the following: (a) Visual and acoustic "Fire alarm" warning signals. (b) Visual and acoustic "system or detector failure" warning signals. (c) Tripping air conditioning and ventilation systems. (4) Power supply: (a) Normal: The main power supplies to the master fore alarm control panel shall be connected to dedicatedcircuits supplied from 230V AC UPS distribution switchboard. No other services shall be connected to these circuits and MCBs shall be coloured red and labelled Fire Alarm-Do Not Switch Off.
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2.1.4

2.1.5

2.1.6

2.1.7

(b) Emergency: A standby power supply unit 24 V DC battery with built-in charger shall be provided with sufficient capacity to supply the standing load of all monitoring system for a period of 24 hours normal operation and in the case of the master fire alarm control panel an additional 15 minutes to supply the power station visual and audible alarm systems. The battery charger shall be capable of restoring the battery to full capacity within eight hours from a fully discharged condition. Local slave annunciator panel A slave annunciator panel shall be provided and located at the guardhouse on the exterior of the powerhouse to indicate the area where alarm activation by fire or smoke has occurred. Fire detection system cables The fire detection system cable installation shall comprise telephone type cable, with copper wire, PVC insulated, aluminium shield. Identification markers shall be fitted to the ends of all cables in accordance with section 05.10 Cables, wiring and raceways. Emergency backup fire pump Emergency backup fire pump is required to supply and maintain pressurised water to the fire water system when the primary water supply from the inlet penstock is unavailable such as when the penstock must be drained for maintenance. The emergency backup fire pump station is located in the powerhouse at El. 409.00 m. Water is taken from the tailrace. A pair of fire fighting pumps will be installed at station (one duty, other standby). Backup fire pump station belongs to the first class reliability of electric supply. The emergency backup fire pump will be started automatically, by the action of thermostatic detectors (making contact in the event of an abnormally high temperature or high rate of temperature change). However, it will be started manually, by the action of pump control push buttons which are installed at the combination boxes and near outdoor hydrants or at local pump control panel. Starting of the pump shall be indicated on the master fire alram annuciator and control panel. The pumps will be pertinent types with sufficient head and capacity as determined in conformity with the requirements of NFPA 20. Each pump will be able to supply 100% of the output calculated from the Fire Risk Evaluation. Generator fire fighting system. If generator is fought by water, the bidder must ensure to supply enough water pressure and flow to the outside wall of generator pit with sufficiency of hand valve system, fast automatic valve, slow closing time of 0-10 minutes; direct water supply valve; two reserved pressure meters, valve system and water discharge valve system. The Bidder also ensures that water is always available for fire fighting system of generator wheen necessary. The Bidder must provide requirements interfaces on water drainage system after fire fighting activities with other Bidder for civil work. The carbon dioxide flood extinguishing system will be designed to and installed as a high pressure total flooding system in accordance with NFPA 12, TCVN 6101:1996 and other relation standards. Generators will be provided with automatic CO2 extinguishing systems. Both genarators will be on one system, with CO2 cylinder storage based on primary discharge for a single unit with reserve CO2 cylinder storage. Primary CO2 release shall be initiated via fire detection switches. Reserve CO2 release shall be initiated only manually.

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Each storage of CO2 cylinders shall have sufficient capacity to extinguish a fire in a generating unit with: (1) A rapid initial discharge (1kg of CO2 for 0.75m3). (2) A prolonged discharge designed to maintain a minimum concentration of 30% CO 2 for 20 minutes. The duty CO2 cylinders will be discharged automatically, by the action of thermostatic detectors (making contact in the event of an abnormally high temperature or high rate of temperature change). The reserve CO2 cylinders will be discharged via covered push-buttons (one for each generating unit) on the front of the CO2 control panel. The system shall be designed in such a manner that it will be possible to remove one or several of the cylinders in a bank without compromising the operation of the remaining cylinders. Moreover, the accidental discharge of one cylinder as a result of overpressure shall not cause the other cylinders to empty. It shall be possible for these CO 2 cylinders to be refilled in Vietnam by specialists. After operation of the CO2 flood system, an air extraction system shall be used to remove the carbon dioxide gas from the generator air enclosure. The extraction system shall discharge to a safe area outside of the power station. If required, the Contractor shall provide an electrically controller damper. When the damper is in the closed state, it shall prevent air leakage from the generator air enclosure when the generating unit is running. When in the open state, the damper shall control the amount of air/CO2 released to ensure the generator air enclosure is not over pressurised. The mixid air/CO2 gas shall be released to a safe area outside the power station. The sypply shall also include all instrumentation, an individual cylinder weigh balance with a minimum weight indicator, pressure monitoring devices, pipe-work, cylinder protection screen enclosure and all accessories as may be necessary. The main power supplies to the master control panel of CO2 flood system will be connected to dedicated circuits supplied from the 230V AC UPS distribution switchboards. The Contractor will be responsible for designing the entire system and sizing of plant, equipment, piping and accessories. 2.1.8 Transformers automatic fire-fighting protection. Fire fighting of the main transformers is installed outside the powerhouse at El. 425.10 m is carried out by automatic water spray sprinkler system. The system shall be designed in accordance with TCVN 7336 : 2003, NFPA 13, NFPA 15, NFPA 851. The supply pipeline system is connected to the circled network of fire water supply system. Distributing pipeline system is designed as a circle around each transformer and standpipes with spray sprinklers providing water spraying of the basis and lower part of high voltage inputs, transformer tank surface, external coolers and oil receivers. The deluge system for each generator step-up transformer shall be connected to the fire water ring main with a normally open isolation valve and an electrically actuated on/off control valve in series. A pressure gauge with pressure actuated electriccal contacts shall be fitted near to and upstream of the control valve and be connected to the fire alarm panel to indicate and alarm a loss of water supply pressure to the deluge system. The supply branch pipeline, isolating valve and control valve shall be adequately sized to provide 35m minimum head at the discharge nozzles when the system is running at design full flow rate. The system shall distribute the fire fighting water effectively and uniformly over the transformers exterior surfaces and appurtenances.
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The deluge systems shall be equipped with local control cabinets for operation of solenoid valves. The control cabinets shall be equipped with all necessary components including relays, indicators, contactors and mode switch for manual and automatic operation of the deluge water soleniod valve. Necessary contacts shall be provided to transmit alarm signals to the station control system to control power tripping equipment. The fire fighting control cabinets shall be adequately protected to avoid the effect of an external fire. In case of differential and gas protections of transformer actuation, the signals is sent putting into operation of the deluge system. The main power supplies to the master fire fighting control panel and deluge system will be connected to dedicated circuits supplied from the 230V AC UPS distribution switchboards. 2.1.9 Internal fire fighting system. The distributing water supply net of internal firefighting is of circle type. The combination boxs for firefighting in the powerhouse will be installed on the main floors, at the visible locations and advantage to the extinguiment in the area protected. In case of the penstock repairing, the backup water will be taken from tailrace and remote control buttons of backup fire pumps are installed provided in the combination boxs and at the pumps control panel. 2.1.10 External fire fighting. External firefighting of the main structures is realized by fire hydrants installed in the wells of the outer fire fighting water supply system, by means of hand fire nozzle. In case of the penstock repairing, putting into operation of backup fire pumps at external firefighting of the main structures is provided by means of remote control buttons installed near the fire hydrants and from the pump control panel. 2.1.11 Fire protection control cabinets Automatic fire protection control equipment shall be installed in each fire protection cabinet (IP55) for generators and transformers. The fire detectors of each generator and transformer shall be connected to the cabinet from which an automatic order to activate the CO 2 flood system or open the "deluge valve" will be given in case of fire detection. This order shall also cause the tripping of the corresponding unit and the opening of the relevant 220kV and 13.8kV circuit breakers on both sides of the transformer. The cabinet shall include: (1) Terminal block for connection to the power plant SCADA system and to the AC and DC supply from the AC and DC distribution boards. (2) Necessary relays for automatism and protection. (3) Local signalling "in service" (ready for operation), "out of service", (4) Test thermo-couple detector and manual test control, (5) One socket to connect the mobile pump. Remote indications for status (ready, alarm, out of service, and fire) plus two separate trip signals (fire) shall be wired out to terminals on the cabinet. 2.1.12 Piping system and accessories The whole assembly of pipes and supports shall include all necessary flanges and bolting to allow rapid dismantling in case a transformer has to be removed for maintenance.
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The tank, collectors, water spray distribution pipes, valves, supports shall be hot dip galvanized. 2.1.13 Portable extinguishers The primary fire fighting shall comprise ABC type of portable fire extinguishers, supplied and installed in the all rooms, floors in the powerhouse and in the 220kV switchgear control house. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Special tools A complete set of all special tools and apecial equipment necessary for the operation, repair and maintenance of equipment supplied under this contract shall be provided by the Contrator. 2.2.2 Detectors Five fire detectors of each type (temperature, smoke and fixture). One set of standard spares for fire protection. 2.2.3 Alarm signalling board (1) Two input and output modules of each type. (2) One set of sundry spare parts (fuses, warning lights, etc.). 2.2.4 Breathing apparatus (1) One pressure regulator.. (2) One set of seal. (3) Materials for refilling and recharging five fire extuinguishers. 2.2.5 Emergency Backup fire pump (1) Shaft glands packing or mechanical seal as required. (2) Impellor and body wear rings. (3) Shaft bearings. (4) Coupling components if flexible coupling used. 2.2.6 Fire water strainer (1) One strainer element. (2) One strainer motor. (3) One flow monitor. 3. 3.1 EXECUTION ERECTION The master fire alarm control panel shall be installed in the Central control room of the powerhouse. The firefighting system shall be installed following the attached drawings. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL After installation, the Fire alarm and fire fighting system shall be tested to the satisfaction of the Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting Department of Vietnam or Local authority and Employer including the tests of all items of equipment and audibility tests. Each detector shall be tested with specific equipment recommended by the Manufacturer.

3.2

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October 2007

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DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

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Section 05.14

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Section 05.14

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM

1 GENERAL 1.1 WORK INCLUDED 1.1.1 Scope of suplly The present specifications cover all works concerning to the telecommunication system defined by the design for the DakrTih HydroPower Plant (HPP), DAK NONG S/S and the possibility of connection of power plant with dispatching centers (A0 and A3) via EVN telecommunication network. (1) one complete Private Automatic Branch Exchange System (PABX) with console operator, computer with administration software, recorder device, fax machine, telephone sets, lightning arrestor for all subscribers, wires, cables, terminal box and accesseries etc. to provide voice communication between the control room and operators at various locations in both of plants, as well as voice, data and fax communication from Power plant to the third parties, both nationally and internationally; (2) one complete Paging system; (3) one complete Optical communication system; (4) one complete Power supply system including lightning shielding and grounding; 1.1.2 Development limits and limit of supply The Contractor shall be provided the telecommunication system according to the following requests: (1) Connect PABX to Post Public telephone network and the network of Electricity of Viet Nam; (2) Connect PABX to Paging system and optical communication system of Power plant; (3) Connect telephones, paging signals from HPP to switchyard, intake and spillway. (4) Connect 12-cores non-metalic fiber-optical cable with OPGW-12 cable. (5) Supply and install ADSS cable, included 6 optical fibres from HPP to Spillway. The ADSS cable shall be mounted on poles of the 22 kV Transmission line from HPP to Spillway. (6) Connect Hotline speech signal from HPP to A0, A3. (7) Connect the OPGW-12 cables of link Lower DakrTih Switchyard Powerhouse with two OPGW cables of links: (a) Lower DakrTih Switchyard Lower DakrTih Switchyard (b) Lower DakrTih Switchyard Dac Nong substation (8) Supply and install STM-1, PCM-30 optical equipments at Lower DakrTih HPP and DakNong substation, A0 and A3. (9) Connect all signals from Lower DakrTih to Lower DakrTih and DakNong S/S via optical communication equipment. The OPGW-12 with 12 optical fibers mounted on 220 kV HV Transmission line from Lower DakrTih Switchyard to DakNong Substation including junction boxes at the both ends shall be supplied and installed on the basis of Lot TL. 1.2 RELATED WORK
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1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included in this Section shall comply with the requirements of the following sections of this Contract: Section 01.01 : General requirements Section 05.01 : Basic electrical requirements. Section 05.09 : Control, protection and monitoring equipment.

Section 05.16 : Water measuring system. 1.2.2 Co-ordination Works included in this Section shall be co-ordinated with works covered by the following Lots: Lot MEU-1: Hydromechnical Equipment. Lot CWL : Civil works for DakRtih lower cascade Lot TL : Transmission line and substation feeder SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND

1.3 OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 PABX of the Lower DakRtih HPP will be connected to Dak Nong S/S and Lower DakRtih HPP via 4W E&M trunks; connect to Public Post via CO trunks and E1 tributaries for possible future connections. Connection between DAC NONG S/S and DakrTih PABX shall be carried out through optical channels. The shall be designed to carry out the following functions: (1)Automatic internal communications between all subscribers of the project structures. (2)Automatic communications between all subscribers, EVNs network and outside liners (public telephone network) from specified number of users by dialing with access codes. (3)Recording and recording control. (4)Capability for extension to 200 subscribers. The shall be installed in the communication room of the HPP and in service building. The telephone sets in the switchyard, intake shall be connected to the PABX through OPGW cable and 12-cores non-metalic fiber-optical cable. Spillway telephones shall be connected to PABX by ADSS cable which shall be suspended on poles of 22 kV line in compliance with regulations of Viet Nam. 1.3.2 Cordless interface shall include base stations DECT to provide the Systems of microcellular communication of DECT standard on the base of the supplied digital PABX. Microcellular communication system of DECT standard shall provide cordless intercom communication system for the HPP stuff providing the roaming function over the area covered by DECT base stations. 1.3.3 Paging and broadcasting system The paging system is specialize telephone type for using in Power Plants, heavy industrial zones that have severe work enviroment. The equipment can be against fire and explode. It has noise-canceling microphones, durable housing and minimal mantenance. Paging system only use for working. There are many call functions: Paging priority, zone selection, call through loudspeaker etc.

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The Paging system shall be have interface with PABX. The system only operate in Power Plant areas. The system should be programable and managed by sofware. 1.3.4 Optical communication system The Optical communication system shall be designed to carry out the following functions: (1)Ensure capacity to transmit the Hotline voice signals and SCADA signals from the HPP to Dispatching Center A0, A3, lower Dakrtih HPP via OPGW link mounted on HV transmission line and STM-1 and PCM-30 optical equipment shall be installed in HPP communication room and communication room of Dac Nong S/S. (2)Ensure communication and data transmission between the HPP, Dac Nong S/S and lower Dakrtih HPP for electrical protection of HV transmission line; (3)Ensure communication and data transmission between the HPP, switchyard, Spillway and Intake, for example telephone, paging, control, measurement etc via PCM-OP 2Mbit/s multiplex equipment with optical interface shall be installed at Switchyard and Spillway control rooms and HPP communication room and ADSS cable that shall be mounted on 22kV transmission line poles. (4)Communications with EVNs WAN network and public telephone network via existing system; (5)Capability for communication and data transmission between DakrTih HPP and other hydropower plants in the future; (6)Other public purposes if required; 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.4.1 Subcontractors - Suppliers Should some parts or components of the equipment be supplied by sub-contractors, the Manufacturer shall provide the Employer with all references of the sub-contractor on the quality of purchased equipment. 1.4.2 Reference standards The design and installation shall comply with the recommendations and standards following: CCITT : Consultative Committee International Telephony and Telegraphy ITU IEC : International Telecommunication Unit : International Electrotechnical Commission

TCN : Standards of Telecommunication and Post Ministry department of Viet Nam (TCN 68-135:1995, TCN 168-141:1995). Data transmission protocol from DakrTih HPP to A3, A0 have to obey IEC 60870-5-101 standard. The optical communication equipment have to adjust to the existing EVN system and EVN regulation. 1.4.3 WORKSHOP TEST The shop tests shall guarantee stable functioning of all systems. 1.5 SUBMITTALS Detailed documentation on equipment. Completed work drawings. 1.6 GUARANTEE All performances specified in Clause 1.4 shall be guaranteed.

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2 PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES 2.1 FABRICATION 2.1.1 A. Main characteristics Non-blocking switching and decentralization structure Inter-network connection via digital trunk line and the oscillating stability of clock shall be 10E-8 (minimum). Be able to copy and store the program software. Be able to support signalling protocal such as R2, , applied for VNPTs network and R2-Q411, R2-Q211, Q-SIG and ISDN PRI according to Viet Nam standard, issued by Viet Nam DGPT (Viet Nam Directorate General of Posts and Telecommunications) Trunk line: CO analog, E&M tie-line, E1, S 0, S2M, and be able to perform connection to different terminal user: conventional telephone, digital telephone, Fax group 3/group 4, PC, ISDN terminal equipment, IP, video phone, video conferencing, etc Flexible number plan (Programmable). Main components such as microprocessor card, exchange card, signaling card, network interface module, power card etc. shall be equipped with hot spare structure (1+1). B. Initial configuration PABX shall include cabin, MDF 500 pairs with connector line, lightning arrestor for all subscribers, administrative software, installation accessories. Capacity - 100 numbers Charging software Analog port Digital port 2 Mbit/s trunk 4W E&M (type 5) trunk CO trunk FXS-FXS trunk Ethernet port for network management Console operator and connect cable to PABX - 01 - 64 - 08 - 02 - 08 - 08 - 02 - 01 - 02

Ethernet for VoIP speed 10/100Base T-port - 01

Modern laptop with administration software - 01 MODEM inside (or outside) have to equiped to remote software access. PABX configuration is a module type, expandable to 200 subscribers in the future. Power supply: 48 V DC, grounding plus. C. Cordless interface Base stations DECT shall provide the possibility for call and accept calls with the help of portable subscriber devices for users. The system shall support transmission function of ringing control and roaming that gives the possibility to speak by telephone in moving and accept calls in any point of coverage zone. Characteristics of the base station: support of 6-12 calls simultaneously; coverage of cell indoors at a radius about 100 m;
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using of 2 twisted pairs for signaling and power supply; possibility of outdoor installation in a container housing; possibility of optional provision with spare parts; DECT standard: working frequency 1800-1900 Hz number of duplex channels 12 differential PCM 32 KBit/s Quantity 11 DECT standard telephone set should be used for radio communication. The set shall have the following functions: automatic number identification; large display; loudspeaker function; record book; possibility of number editing; automatic recall; programmable keys. Quantity - 10. D. Recording equipment The call recorders automatically record all telephone and fax traffic. Not only is the entire conversation recorded, but also important data such as the number of the caller, the exact date and timeand duration of the call. Up to 6.900 hours of telephone call can be retrieved and listened to using either the recorders keyboard or the network. The built-in CD recorder automatically creates backups of all recording on CD, which can be played back on any PC. The recording equipment shall be of digital type, connected to PABX, fax machine and hotline voice channel to A3 and A0. The recorder can be connected to local network or the Internet via 10Base T/100Base-TX Ethernet port. Characteristics of equipment: - Digital recorders for telephone calls and faxes. - Universal recorder for 4 or 8 telephone lines or audio sources. - Including hard disk and CD recorder. - Storage capacity of up to 6900 hours. - Network connection for a quicker transfer of recordings. E. Telephone hand set Standard digital and analog sets. Table- top and wall-mounted type. Number: digital -1 analog - 30 Operation possibilities: Local calls Outside calls for specified users Call transfer
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F. Telephone cable SYT, unarmoured type cable with PVC or PE insulation. Conductor diameter: 0.5 mm. ype: indoor cable 40 2 0.5 - 100 m 20 2 0.5 - 200 m 10 2 0.5 - 500 m 1 2 0.5 - 2000 m Twisted-pair cable 4 2 0.5 - 500 m A structured cabling system shall be provided for the telephone network throughout the Power Station and telephone shall be connected via suitable plug-in wall sockets located in convenient positions. The telephone calbe length as mentioned above is for reference only. The exact length shall be calculated by the bidder according to the reality conditions. G. Telephone operators panel (1) Main functions: Interrupe the connected calls. Suppling the phone calls of 2 or many subscribers at the same time. Switching the connected calls. Control the connected calls. Display the in/out calls. Display the phone number awaiting call.

Keep the connected subscribers. 2.1.2 Paging and broadcasting system The paging system in plant comprises of: Central Control Unit (CCU) providing with control and supervisory functions. This include the serveral cards for interface with voice, Page/Party, amplifiers and operator console. Operator console providing with functions for call selection, public announcement to issue plant wide instructions for each areas, areas group and display alarms. Handset station including handsets and loudspeakers. - Handset station for outdoor use : 2 sets - Hanset station for indoor use : 24 sets Amplifier station with amplifiers of 500 W total capacity to be installed in the service building communication room; Handset station with loudspeakers and amplifiers up to 15 W adjustable to be located in the HPP rooms, 220 kV switchyard, spillway and at the intake. Cable of paging communication with polyethylene insulation Type 1 2 1.2mm Contractor shall be supplied the cable length according to installed reality. 2.1.3 Optical communication system The optical communication system for the project consists of: STM-1 optical terminal equipment - 2 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set (Add/Drop configuration) at Dac Nong S/S - 1 set (Add/Drop configuration)
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-30 Multiplexer - 4 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set (Add/Drop configuration) at Dac Nong S/S - 1 set (Add/Drop configuration) at A0 - 1 set (Terminal configuration) at A3 - 1 set (Terminal configuration) -OP Multiplexer with optical interface - 3 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set (ADM configuration) at Spillway - 1 set (Terminal configuration) at Swichyard - 1 set (Terminal configuration) Cabinet 19 - Standard: ETSI - Protection class: IP20 (minimum) - Rack shall be indoor, free-standing with front door and lock for accommodating equipment with dimention of standard structure 19. Hinged frame for communication equipment mounting with insect screens and provision for cable entry from bottom. The rack can be installed on the floor, against a wall, side by side or back to back. - Rack shall have DIN bars, clamps, connection cable and associated fittings. - Color: grey The cabinet - 6 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set at Dac Nong S/S - 1 set at Spillway - 1 set at Switchyard - 1 set at A0 - 1 set at A3 - 1 set DDF/MDF rack - Standard: ETSI - Protection class: IP20 (minimum) - Cubicle shall be indoor installation, free-standing with hinged front door and lock for mounting DDF and MDF with insect screens and and provision for cable entry and exit from bottom and top. The rack can be stand-alone mounting. - Rack shall have bars, clamps, 2Mbit/s and subscriber terminal blocks, connection cable and associated fittings. The DDF/MDF rack - 6 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set at Dac Nong S/S - 1 set at Spillway - 1 set at Swichyard - 1 set at A0 - 1 set at A3 - 1 set Fiber optical cable - 500 m Non-metallic fiber optical cable (12 cores) shall be connected from Lower DakrTih HPP communication room to HPPs control building top and connected from 500kV DakNong s/s Switchyard to the 500kV DakNong s/s communication room (total about 500 m).
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Non-metallic fiber optical cable (2 cores) shall be connected from JB type 3x12 to TB+ODF 1x2 at Switchyard control room (about 200 m). The non-metalic fiber optical calbe length (12 fibers and 2 fibers) as mentioned above is for reference only. The exact length shall be calculated by the bidder according to the reality conditions. Terminal Box and Optical Distributing Frame (TB+ODF) The Contractor shall be supplied terminal box with ODF and associated mounting hardware, to provide a protected enviroment for the jointing and terminating of the fibre optical cable. Each terminal box with ODF shall be fully protected against corrosion, duct and include all mounting hardware, optical fibre splice tray, pigtail, connectors FC/PC, fibre joint heat shrink tube, cable seals, sub-rack for mounting on Rack 19and other accessories for a permanent termination and distribution. - TB+ODF type (1x12) optical fiber cores - 2 sets at DakrTih HPP - 1 set at DakNong s/s - 1 set - TB+ODF type (1x6) optical fiber cores - 2 sets at Spillway - 1 set at DakrTih HPP - 1 set - TB+ODF type (1x2) optical fiber cores - 1 sets at DakrTih Switchyard Junction Box (JB) The Contractor shall be supplied one (1) JB box type 3x12 fibers to connect 3 links of OPGW-12 cables of 500 kV DakNong S/S - Lower akrTih HPP; Lower DakrTih HPP Lower akrTih HPP; Switchyard of Lower akrTih HPP control building of Lower akrTih HPP. JB type 1x12 fibers - 1 set JB type 3x12 fiber - 1 set Optical single or double core jumper leads of sufficient length shall be supplied, with FC/PC connectors on each end. As required for pigtails, jumper leads shall be Kevlar (or aramide) reinforced and plastic coated optical fibre conforming to ITU-T Recommendation G.652, and be colour coded depending on function (data, telecom, protection etc.). Main characteristics of optical equipment A. SDH/STM-1 optical equipment Be able to use as a terminal, add/drop, hubbing or cross-connect multiplexer. STM-1 Line Interface according to ITU-T G.957, G.707. Non-blocking switching matrix 100% add/drop capacity. Tributery interfaces for STM-1, 140Mbit/s, 34Mbit/s and 2Mbit/s according to ITU-T G.703, G.707. SDH-Multiplex structure according to ITU-T G.709. Possible cross-connections: Tributery - Line, Line - Line, Tributery Tributery. Switching levels: VC-12, VC-2, VC-3 and AU-4. Comprehensive synchronization capabilities, including the abilities to synchronise from 2Mbit/s port and to supply 2Mbit/s signals, retime with the clock from the SDH network. The maximum switching time between working and protection should not exceed 50ms.
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Tributery interfaces shall be installed in the same sub-rack to reduce space occupation and power consumption. Be able to carry out the line transmission management through SDH network. Supervision concept as per ITU-T G.784, G.774. Be able to transport Television (Video) and other multimedia signals via SDH network. Protection cofiguration have to obey ITU-T G.841, ITU-T G.842 and ETSI: 1+1 Line Protection (1+1MSP) v SNCP. Multiplexer configuration in SDH network have to obey ITU-T G.709. Power supply: 48 VDC, grounding plus. Operate environment + mperature : 5-540C + Relative humidity : 95% Dimension have to fit in 19 inch rack, conform to ETSI standard. 1. Optical interface STM-1: Standard ITU-T G. 957, G.707 Bit rate 155 520 kbit/s Operating wavelength 1310nm Permissible dispersion 185-2500 ps/Nm.Km Permissible loss with the biggest dispersion 30 dB Interface port 2 ports 2. Electrical tributary interface STM-1: Standard ITU-TG.703, G.707 Bit rate 155 520 kbit/s Impedance 75 unbalance Code CMI 3. Electrical tributary interface 140Mbit/s: Standard ITU-TG.703 Bit rate 139 264 kbit/s Impedance 75 unbalance Code CMI 4. Electrical tributary interface 34Mbit/s: Standard ITU-TG.703 Bit rate 34 368 kbit/s Impedance 75 unbalance Code HDB3 5. Electrical tributary interface 2Mbit/s: Standard ITU-TG.703 Bit rate 2 048 kbit/s Impedance 120 /75 Code HDB3 Interface port 21 (120 ) 6. Synchronous Interface 2Mb/s Standard ITU-T G.703, G.704, G.813
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7. Ethernet interface: Standard IEEE 802/3 Bit rate 10/100 Mbps 8. Element manage interface (F interface) Serial port ITU-T V.24 and ANSI/EIA/TIA 232-E-1991 IEC 8802-3 1261 Ethernet link 9. NM Network manage interface (Q ITU-T Q. 811, Q.921 interface) 10. EOW interface ITU-T G.707, G.712, G.713, G.783 11. Data channel interface ITU-T G.703 and V.11 12. Alarm interface 7R 13. Telemetry interface B. PCM - 30 and PCM OP Multiplexer Multiplexer PCM 30 and PCM OP included 30 channels that must be opened to use in any time. PCM OP shall be included optical component: - Optical transmiter SM Laser Diode (Class 1) - Wave length 1310nm - Optical receiver PIN-diode Electric interface of the both PCM-30 and PCM-OP: 1. Transmission line side interface : Bit rate 2048 kbit/s, 75/120 Code HDB3 Channel sampling rate 8 kHz Signalling format Channel associated signalling (C.A.S) Signal scanning frequency 50 Hz for signalling path 2048 kHz external clock interface ITU-T G.703 Sampling bit interface ITU-T V.11 Alarm signalling 7R Configuration Flexible Operating as a Terminal and an Add/Drop Multiplexer 2. Terminal interface: Capacity 30 channels 64 kbit/s Channel standard, included: - 4W E&M Channel, G. 714 8 channels - 2W FXO Channel , Q. 522 3 channels - 2W FXS Channel, Q. 522 3 channels - 2W Hotline Channel 4 channels
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4 channels 4 channels 4 channels/IEC 60870-5-101 standard 3. Power supply (36 72 ) V DC 4. Environment condition TCN 68-149 5. Dimension Suitable for installing in 19 rack/ETSI (*): These are hannels to put forward . The contrator shall be find out communications exactly about connection channel standards that A0 and A3 is using to connect SCADA/EMS signals of the HPP to A0 and A3 is completely compatible. Compliance of control and operation software shall be provided. C. Optical fiber characteristics Standard ype Fibre numbers Wave length Mode field diameter Mode field concentricity error Cladding diameter Max. attenuation Dispersion Cut of wave length of cladded fibre D. ADSS cable Electromechanical requirement Cable sheath Max. Electric field class A Max. allowable tension (RTS) Max. installation tension Beaking load Elastic module Maximum span Maximum sag Overall diameter Clad type Temperature ITU-T G.652 Single Mode 6 and 12 1310nm 9.2 m 0.4m 1.0 m 1.25m 1.0m 0.4 dB / km 3.5 ps /nm.km 1270 nm

- 64kbit/s Channel , G.703 co-di - Data Channel , n x 64kbit/s V.35 - SCADA/EMS interface channel, V.24 (*)

: Polyethylen high density : 12kV, IEEE p 1222 : 2500 N : 1811 N : 7245 N : 4.0Gpa : 120m : 1% : 12 mm : against erosion effects : (-10 +70) 0C

Relatively humidity : (0 95)% The ADSS length should be calculated by the bidder. Brackets, clamps, spiral vibration damper, etc. for suspension of ADSS optical cable on the 22kV transmission line: 01 lot E. OPGW cable
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The bidders are required to submit in its bid a detailed description of OPGW characteristics at least with the followings: Drawing of OPGW cross section Number and diameter of Aluminum wire or Aluminum alloy wire (if any) Material and diameter of optical fiber tube Overall diameter of OPGW OPGW unit weight Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) or Rated Tensile Strength (RTS)

Maximum permitted operating load at maximum wind pressure (t=25 0C, Q=83 daN/m2, at the elevation of 10m) Maximum permitted load at annual average temperature (t = 300C, Q = 0 daN/m2) Modulus of elasticity Coefficient of linear expansion D.C resistance of wire at 200C Allowable operating temperature Short circuit current carrying capacity (initial temp.t=40 0C): 65kA2.s

Maximum tension (t=250C, Q=83 daN/m2, at elevation of 10m) shall not exceed 2685 daN Manufactured length: refer to Scope of supply section Number of fibers: 12 Vertical sag at t = 200C, Q = 8.3 daN/m2 (equivalent height at 10m) shall not exceed 6.63 m for 400m span In the above conditions, wire tension at annual average temperature (t=30 0C, Q=0 daN/m2) and at maximum wind pressure (t=25 0C, Q=83 daN/m2, at 10m elevation) shall not exceed manufacturers allowable value and in all cases, it shall not exceed 20% of Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) at annual average temperature and 40% of UTS at maximum wind pressure. Brackets, clamps, spiral vibration damper, etc. for suspension of OPGW-12 fibers cable on the 220kV transmission line : 01 lot 2.1.4 Power supply, grounding and lightning arrester system A. Power supply system Standards: IEC and TCN: 68-162 The battery charger will provide DC power source for communication equipment and charging into back-up battery. AC/DC poower source and itr component shall be placed in metal cabinet which will be designed as compact as possible. It shall be equipped with volmeter, ampere-meter and inputoutput breakers mounted on the front hinge door. The maximum heigh of cabinet shall not more than 2300mm. The power supply shall have high efficiency and long lifetime.

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Cabinet should be designed to lay cable from the bottom and be able to prevent insect, micefrom entering and slots to ventilate all components shall be designed; (oil-cooling method will be unacceptable). Built-in protective circuit shall be provided to prevent overload, surge voltage, low voltage or short circuit condition for high efficiency and long lifetime operating. Shall have interface to computer. Temperature rise of the rectifier shall not more than 650C in normal operating condition. Load and the end of bettery discharge will be disconnected as the standard function and reconnected automatically when 380VAC (220VAC) power is restored. Any failure of switching unit shall not affect the operation of charger. Alarm and display: All main functions and failures. Have to control automatically to maintain charge mode and stable power supplying at 48VDC 10% when norminal load vary from 10% to 100% rated value. Charger will be an automatic battery test facility and operating indication and alarm arrangement when dropping on load voltage over 10% nominal voltage, including: high voltage, low battery, main failure, module failure, temperature rise, etc Meter and control mode to indicate the following features: Rectifier output voltage and load voltage, etc Total metering and indicating error less than 1% of master scale. Contractor have to supply fully installation materials, power cable, signal line, earth wire, connectors, control software and technical document. All components of charger shall be assembled in a block. Battery shall be type of mainternance-free, Ni-Cadium and environmental friendly. Supporting frame, connectors and clamps shall be included for erecting battery. Environmental conditions: according to TCN 68-149: 1995 of Viet Nam. The power supply system shall be considered to supply for telecommunication equipment at A0, A3, 500kV Dac Nong S/S, DakrTih HPP, Spillway and Switchyard. Specific: At A0 and A3: use existing 48V DC power supply system of A0, A3. At 500kV Dac Nong S/S: use common 48V DC power supply system of 500kV Dak Nong S/S. At Lower DakrTih HPP: 380VAC/48VDC/60A Battery charger : 1 set 48VDC/500Ah Battery : 1 set At Spillway: 380VAC/48VDC/10A Battery charger : 1 set 48VDC/50Ah Battery : 1 set At Swichyard: 380VAC/48VDC/10A Battery charger : 1 set 48VDC/50Ah Battery : 1 set B. Lightning arrester Lightning arrester for telecommunication system have to obey TCN 68-135:1995 standard of Viet Nam, included: - Prevent transmission of lightning to AC power supply system. - Prevent transmission of lightning to telephone cables.
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At DakrTih HPP shall be equipped a lightning arrester for 380VAC/48VDC/60A power supply system: - Type : 3 phases (neutral grounding) - Voltage : - Phase Earth: U 220V - Phase Phase: U 380V - Rating load current : I 32A - Lightning prevent current (8/20 s) : Imax 100kA - Protection level : II - Indication : Times of protection discharge - Duration of guarantee (minimum) : 5 years At Spillway and Switchyard shall be equipped a lightning arrester for 380VAC/48VDC/10A power supply system: - Type : 3 phases (neutral grounding) - Voltage : - Phase Earth: U 220V - Phase Phase: U 380V - Rating load current : I 10A - Lightning prevent current (8/20 s): Imax 100kA - Protection level : II - Indication : Times of protection discharge - Duration of guarantee (minimum) : 5 years Lightning arrester for subcriber lines, trunk lines, data lines have to equipped. C. Grounding system Grounding for telecommunication equipment have to obey TCN 168-141:1995 standard of Viet Nam about work grounding, protection grounding, lightning grounding At A0 and A3: use existing Grounding system of existing communication room. At DakrTih HPP, Spillway, Switchyard and 500kV Dac Nong S/S: use common Grounding system of the HPP control house, Spillway control house, Switchyard control house and the S/S control house. 2.2 SPARE PARTS AND SPECIAL TOOLS 2.2.1 Two cards for Analog subscriber One processor card One line interface card One power supply module 2.2.2 Telephone sets Two desk type tlephone sets wo wall- mounted telephone sets Two DECT stations 2.2.3 Optical communication equipment One FXS card (for PCM-30) One FXO card (for PCM-30)
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One 4W E&M card (for PCM-30) One 64kbit/s, G.703 card (for PCM-OP) One data V.35 card (for (PCM-OP) One 2Mb/s electrical interface card (for STM-1) 2.2.4 Cables 5 % of cable installed length of cable for installation. 3. EXECUTION 3.1 ERECTION The cables shall be laid on cable trays for indoor installation, at a sufficient distance from power cables to avoid any interference. The non-metallic fibre optical cable shall be laid along the cable duct. 3.2 Field quality control On arrival at Site and during and after completion of erection, all items of equipment shall be inspected and tested so to ensure that the system shall be meet the operating requirement as specified in this section. The following test shall be provided but not limited: Loop attenuation measurements. All functional of assembled equipment have to test carefully, including measurement of line attenuation and signal to noise ratio.

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DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

PECC2

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Section 15: EARTHING, BONDING AND LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................3 2.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS..................................................................................3 3.0 METHODS OF INSTALLATION............................................................................ 5 4.0 BELOW GRADE EARTHING SYSTEM.................................................................5 5.0 ABOVE GRADE EARTHING SYSTEM................................................................ 7 6.0 SPECIFIC EARTHING CONDITIONS...................................................................8 6.1 Power Transformers....................................................................................................8 6.2 Switchgear, Cubicles, Panels etc. ..............................................................................8 6.3 Power Cables................................................................................................................8 6.4 Motors...........................................................................................................................9 6.5 Lightning Arrestors.....................................................................................................9 6.6 Oil and Water Storage Tanks and Piping ................................................................9 6.7 Structural Steel ...........................................................................................................9 6.8 Lamp Posts ..................................................................................................................9 6.9 Fences...........................................................................................................................9 7.0 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS .............................................................................. 10 8.0 CABLE TRENCHES, TUNNELS, RACEWAYS AND RISERS........................ 10 9.0 PIPELINES............................................................................................................... 10 10.0 CATHODIC PROTECTION................................................................................. 10 11.0 EARTHING FOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................. 11 11.1 Personnel Safety Earthing System ........................................................................11 11.2 Signal Accuracy Earthing System..........................................................................11 12.0 COMMUNICATION CIRCUITS......................................................................... 11 13.0 MEASUREMENTS................................................................................................ 11 14.0 LIGHTNING PROTECTION............................................................................... 11 15.0 CODES AND STANDARDS................................................................................. 12

EARTHING, BONDING AND LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS


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1.0 INTRODUCTION This section of the Bidding Document describes the particular technical requirements for Earthing, Bonding, and Lightning Protection Systems and associated equipment and accessories and should be read in conjunction with the Project Requirements contained in Part IV of the Bidding Documents. The works shall include the design, manufacture, factory testing, inspection, supply,delivery, unloading at Site, erection, installation, testing, commissioning and warranty of all Earthing, Bonding, and Lightning Protection Systems and associated equipment and accessories as specified in this Bidding Document. The works shall also include the supply of all necessary documentation to fully describe the equipment as finally put to work including but not limited to Design Calculations, Operational Characteristics, General Arrangement Drawings, Method of Installation, Fixing Details, Single Line Diagrams, Schematic Diagrams, Wiring Tables, Cable Schedules, Equipment Schedules, Technical Literature, Type Test Certificates, Factory Test Certificates, Operation and Maintenance Manuals. Furthermore documentation submitted during the various phases of the Project (e.g. :design, manufacture, installation, commissioning) shall clearly identify anymodifications carried out at that time by an approved method which shall be subjectto approval by the Engineer (e.g. : clouds with an adjacent revision number in atriangle and an explanation in the drawings revision box). The Contractor shall be fully responsible for the design of the whole and everyportion of the works and the equipment and any items which are missing from this Bidding Document but which can be inferred to be necessary for the safe, efficient and reliable operation of the Plant shall be deemed to be included by the Contractor in the Bid price. The proposed design and the proposed equipment shall comply with the appropriate codes and standards as amended and supplemented by this Bidding Document and shall be subject to approval by the Engineer. All deviations from the requirements of this Bidding Document shall be listed by the Contractor in the Schedule of Deviations to be included in the Bid and except for declared deviations so listed the equipment shall be deemed to be strictly in accordance with the requirements of this Bidding Document. In the event that any non conformance is subsequently discovered by the Engineer at any time then the equipment may be rejected by the Engineer or the Contractor invited to replace the equipment or pay financial compensation all at the discretion of the Engineer. 2.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
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The Contractor, at an early stage in the Project before the Site works commence shal lundertake a survey of the ground resistivity over the whole Site in order to ascertain general and specific values. The survey shall also establish requirements for cathodic protection. A report of the values measured shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval. Based on the survey the Contractor shall then prepare a detail design for the complete above and below grade earthing system, lightning protection system, bonding system and earth electrodes for the entire Project for approval by the Engineer. The design shall be based on the interconnection to form one (1) complete system of all of the metalwork forming part of the equipment or structures associated with the Hydro Power Plant and with the 220kV HV Switchyard which is not normally live, the steel reinforcing in foundations and a buried equipotential conductor laid round any structure which has not got a reinforced foundation connected to the below grade earthing system. There after the Contractor shall supply, erect, install, test and commission the earthing system to the satisfaction of the Engineer. The installed earthing and bonding system shall fulfil the following basic requirements: (a) Maintain a low overall resistance of the earth mass to limit the Plant potential rise and ensure protective relay operation in the event of an earth fault. (b) Provide ground connections to all electrical apparatus, enclosures and structural steelwork adequate to carry prospective ground fault currents without excessive heating or fire risk. (c) Limit potential differences within the Hydro Power Plant and within one (1) meter thereof in the event of earth fault current originating from within or outside the Plant to ensure the safety of Personnel and eliminate interference or damage to sensitive electronic circuits. (d) Provide lightning protection. The installation shall be to modern engineering practice and shall embody the recommendations made in IEEE 80 and IEEE 665 and shall be designed to ensure that the maximum step and touch voltages prescribed in these standards are not exceeded under fault conditions. The installation shall also embody the recommendations made in Vietnamese standards and shall be designed to ensure that the earthing resistance prescribed for operation under Vietnamese standards are not exceeded. The Contractor shall be entirely responsible for the complete earthing system and the connections to cover the whole Power Plant area including the 220kV HV Switchyard, perimeter fence and the associated inter-connections so as to ensure that all Station apparatus is securely and safely connected to the earthing system. The Contractor shall include facilities to isolate major sections of the earthing grid such that the earth resistance of each section can be measured at any time in the future.
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The Contractor shall provide electrical isolation at all Site boundaries for all metallic or conducting pipework by means of insulating flanges and the pipes shall be wrapped in a suitable insulating material 2 meters either side of the flange. The Contractor shall also ensure that any fencing connected to the perimeter is not constructed of a metallic conducting material within 2m of the Site fencing. Any reference to the cross-sectional area of earthing conductors in this section relates to the minimum size of conductors that will be accepted. Modifications or improvements if called for by the Engineer to ensure full compliance with the Bidding Document shall be installed at no extra cost. All bonding wires shall have a yellow/green sheath 3.0 METHODS OF INSTALLATION Joints and connections shall be made by welding techniques, such as "Cadweld". Where bolted connections and links are necessary, they shall be made above ground or in an inspection pit. Bolted connections where used shall use the NEMA two-hole or four-hole pattern and be complete with round brass and phosphor bronze double coil spring washer. The surfaces shall be in contact and shall be carefully cleaned and greased with petroleum jelly prior to assembly to eliminate air space and consequential corrosion. If stranded conductors are used (but not thermal welded) then approved crimped type lugs and bolts shall be used. Straight through joints in stranded conductors shall not be permitted. Where bars or tapes are to be fitted on the floor or ceiling the projection shall be a minimum and the back straps shall be omitted at the discretion of the Engineer. Screwed metallic conduit and conduit fittings shall be electrically continuous and effectively connected to the earthing system at one (1) or more points, depending on the length of conduit run involved and at the discretion. All joints and connections in conduit systems shall be clean and tight to provide an adequate electrically continuous path. Suitable earthing jumpers shall be installed at all junction boxes, pull boxes, expansion fittings, and at flexible conduit sections in the conduit run to establish adequate earth continuity in the conduit system. Extreme care shall be taken by the Contractor to prevent electrolytic action when running the copper strip in the vicinity of aluminium. 4.0 BELOW GRADE EARTHING SYSTEM

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Main areas of the Plant shall be provided with a below grade earthing grid consisting of bare stranded copper conductor or tinned copper-strip with minim cross section 95 mm2 unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer and the conductor shall be buried at a depth of 0.6 - 0.8 metres. The mesh size shall depend on the earth resistivity and the need to control step and touch voltages and may vary in different parts of the Site. To this main earthing grid, earth rods shall be bonded at intervals and in particular at the base of surge arrestors and lightning conductors and additional earth rods shall be added to the system as required to reduce the earthing resistance and/or the touch and step voltages to the required limits. The earth rods shall consist of extensible solid copper rods, 20 mm diameter and shall be driven to a total depth of at least 2m. The connection between the individual sections shall be conductive throughout and this connection shall not become loose or less effective once the electrode has been driven into the soil. The rods shall have hardened steel tops, coupling pieces and caps to facilitate driving by power hammer. All earth rods shall be terminated in a junction test box. The box shall be approximately 450mm x 300mm and 300mm deep. Each box shall have a withdrawable concrete lid/cover. The required copper links and connecting bolts shall be supplied with each box. All metallic items of the Plant and structures shall also be connected and integrated into the main earthing grid. This shall include steel reinforcing where it is used in ground slabs for equipotential grading and arrangements shall be made in good time for reinforcing in concrete foundations of steel columns, oil tanks, transformers etc. to be bonded accordingly. Connections shall be by copper strip, cable or flexible braid. The normal lapping and wiring together of the reinforcing is considered adequate for electrical continuity provided that each successive level of rebar is wired to the lower level at each junction. Isolated sections of reinforcing will not be acceptable. An earthing grid of steel bands, minimum 40 x 5 mm, shall be cast into the surface concrete of all concrete floors and of bases for transformers, tanks etc. The steel bands shall not have corrosion protection and the connection points in the grid shall be welded. The mesh size shall not be greater than 6 x 8m and at least one (1) mesh shall be formed in each separate case. Connection bands as above shall be brought out of the concrete at intervals, of not greater than 8m, and at least two (2) in each case, for connection to the steelwork, tanks, etc. above ground. All steel frame and reinforcing steelwork shall be connected to this grid at intervals of not more than 16m and at least two (2) in each case. For large buildings which do not have a structural steel frame the Contractor shall design and install a system of supplementary galvanised copper earth conductors. The supplementary earth conductors shall be copper bars or cable which shall be bonded to the reinforcing steel at each floor and shall be interconnected so that there are at least two (2) independent paths to the outdoors earthing system
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from any piece of equipment. The size of the copper bars and/or cable shall be subject to approval by the Engineer. Connections shall also be made to steel piping in the foundations of the Station structures in such a way that this steelwork also functions as an earthing electrode. Large plant situated in buildings shall each be enclosed by an earthing conductor (i.e. : equipotential conductor) connected to the main below grade earthing grid at aminimum of two (2) points. For large electrical plant and for main structures, cable or strip with the same size as the main earthing grid conductor shall be used. A conductor of minimum cross-section 95mm (unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer) shall be buried around any structure, tank, lamp standard or similar equipment which has not got a reinforced foundation connected to the earthing system. This conductor shall be approximately 1 m. from the equipment and 0.6 - 0.8metres deep. It shall be connected to the below grade earthing system at intervals of not more than 10m. Two (2) 120mm2 fully sized inter-connections shall be provided to the earthing system of the 220kV HV Switchyard. All risers from the below grade earthing system to above grade equipment shall be duplicated with a minimum of two (2) separate fully sized connections shall be installed to address the risk of corrosion. The connections shall be provided to different points of the earthing grid. 5.0 ABOVE GRADE EARTHING SYSTEM All electrical equipment shall be earthed by means of conductor of adequate conductance which shall connect the earthing terminal of the equipment to the earthing bar of the switchgear supplying it. The earthing bar in the switchgear shall be connected to the earthing terminal of the transformer supplying the switchboard. The earthing conductor shall be routed to run alongside the cable or cables supplying the equipment or it may form part of the cable. The earthing conductor from one (1) plant part may be teed into that from another plant part in order to reduce the number of conductors. The earthing conductor shall be separate from the neutral conductor. The earthing and neutral conductors shall be connected together only at a transformer. Cable screens and armour shall be earthed at both ends. Electrical enclosures and long runs of steelwork (e.g.: cable trays, railings etc.) shall be bonded to the earthing system at intervals of not more than 30 meters. Copper bonding jumpers, with suitable cross sectional area shall be used at expansion joints or sections of the cable tray system to ensure that an electrically continuous path to the power source neutral and a substantial metal ground is established.
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Perforated trays carrying control cables located outdoors shall have two (2) 50mm2 copper earth wires running the length of the trays on both sides. These cables shall be bonded to each tray length. Bare copper cable shall not be laid directly on the cable trays. Steel frame structures and steel tanks shall be bonded to the earthing system at a minimum of two (2) diagonally opposite points. The steel frame of the main station building shall be bonded to be earthing system on all four (4) sides of the building and also in the vicinity of the main switchgear cubicles. Two (2) fully rated earthing conductors of 120mm minimum cross-section (unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer) shall be used for generators, neutral points, transformer tanks and main switchgear cubicles. In the case of the latter one (1) conductor shall be connected to each end of an earthing bar incorporated in the cubicle. One (1) fully rated earthing conductor of at least 120mm cross-section (unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer) shall be used for the generator transformer marshalling boxes. For independent surge diverters outdoor, a direct run of fully rated conductor shall connect the diverter earthing terminal to an earth rod. At each location the three (3) rods shall be connected together and shall also be connected to the earthing electrode system at two (2) points. The conductor shall be kept short and free from bends. It shall be fastened to its support surface in other to withstand electrodynamic forces and shall be protected against mechanical damage. One (1) earthing conductor of at least 120mm cross-section (unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer) shall be used for structural steelwork, relay and control panels etc. A 50mm2 flexible copper connection shall be provided on all joints of the fences. 6.0 SPECIFIC EARTHING CONDITIONS The following specific earthing conditions shall apply : 6.1 Power Transformers Power transformer tanks shall be earthed at two (2) points diagonally opposite each other. Transformer neutral points shall be connected directly to the below grade earthing grid via two (2) fully rated insulated conductors, S = 120mm2. Proper connection of the auxiliary equipment like instruments, control cubicles, pipes, etc., to the earthed transformer tank or to the earthing grid, respectively, must be ensured. 6.2 Switchgear, Cubicles, Panels etc.

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Switchboards, control boards, etc. consisting of two (2) or more individual panels shall be earthed at both ends. Individual panels, sections or compartments of switchboards, control boards, etc. shall be connected to earth individually, unless all panels/parts are solidly welded together or other approved means are applied ensuring solid connections. All metal cases and conductive structures of circuit-breakers, isolating switches, measuring transformers, busbars, etc. shall be connected to the earthing bar inside the switchgear/panels. This earthing bar shall be connected with the earthing grid at two (2) points. The housing of the operating mechanisms shall be earthed as near as possible to the operating handle. Bolts and nuts provided for earth current carrying connections of different cubicles shall be clearly marked. Each LV equipment or compartment, if sheet metal enclosed, shall include facilities for the connection of a portable earthing equipment of approved design with flexible cables to be clamped on to the phase conductors by means of insulated earthing poles for subsequent grounding. Portable earthing equipment is not acceptable for MV switchgear. 6.3 Power Cables The armour or shield of power and control cables shall be earthed by connecting a flexible braid to the shield. Power cables shall be earthed at both ends and cable end boxes shall be earthed with copper connection on one (1) of the mounting bolts. 6.4 Motors LV motors with capacity up to 22 kW shall be earthed via a separate earthing conductor of the power cable, larger LV motors and MV motors via a separate earthing conductor connected to the main earthing bar in the switchgear and respectively to the below grade earthing system at the motor. 6.5 Lightning Arrestors Lightning arrestors shall be connected to the earthing grid with two (2) minimum 120mm earthing cable connections (unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer). The metal structure on which the arrestor is mounted shall be separately earthed. In addition, earthing rods shall be driven adjacent to the lightning arrestor connection to the earthing grid in a shortest way to provide the lowest possible earthing resistance of the grid at this point. 6.6 Oil and Water Storage Tanks and Piping
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The function of tank earthing is to provide discharge for static electricity and lightning protection, and therefore requires a maximum earthing resistance of 0.5ohm typically. However, if electrical equipment (e.g. : stirrers, are mounted on the tanks) a normal low resistance connection shall be provided. All tanks shall be earthed to local earthing electrodes and also to the main below grade earthing grid at a minimum of two (2) diagonal points. Piping shall be earthed at all service points. Flange connections shall be provided with links to ensure earthing continuity. The relevant rules of IEC and VDE shall be observed. For earthing of trucks supplying oil, provisions shall be provided at every unloading bay for quick fixing of a flexible connection to the earthing grid. 6.7 Structural Steel Structural steel shall be connected with the below grade earthing grid at several points. A single structure shall be earthed at both legs, square structures shall be earthed at two (2) points diagonally across from each other. For a structure consisting of several bays, each leg shall be earthed. Steel parts for local push-button stations, control cubicles, power sockets, lighting fixtures etc. without conductive connection to other earthed steel structures shall also be connected to the earthing grid with specified copper conductors. 6.8 Lamp Posts Metallic lamp posts shall be earthed via the PE conductor of the feeder cables. Additionally, an earthing loop of about 2 metres diameter shall be buried 0.6 - 0.8 meters deep around each post. 6.9 Fences All internal fences shall be bonded to the main below grade earthing grid, with a buried earthing conductor (0.6 - 0.8m deep) outside the fence to reduce touch voltages to a safe value. The perimeter fence shall be provided with a separate earth not connected to the main below grade earthing grid provided the two (2) systems have a minimum separation of not less than 2.5m. Where the systems approach closer than 2.5m they must be bonded together. At each earthing rod location the fence shall be clamped over its whole height between two (2) galvanised steel strips, bolted together at intervals to give good contact with the exposed metal parts of the fence, and connected to the earth rod. Steel fences surrounding electrical equipment/areas are to be protected in accordance with the regulations of VDE-0141/7.76.
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7.0 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS The methods detailed in IEEE 80 and IEEE 665 shall be adopted in order to achieve a safe installation. Touch potentials shall be limited to give a "let-go" body current below 9mA. Additional earth connections shall be made as necessary. Outside, crushed rock shall be used near electrical Plant to ensure high surface resistivity. An electrode resistance of the main earthing grid system, separate from any other earthing grid system, shall comply with the allowable touch and step voltage in IEEE 80 and IEEE 665 and also comply with the electrical regulations, codes and standards including Vietnamese standards. 8.0 CABLE TRENCHES, TUNNELS, RACEWAYS AND RISERS A main copper earthing conductor shall be provided for each route and to which all steel structure shall be bonded. 9.0 PIPELINES Pipelines entering the Site shall be fitted with a length of electrical insulation over the pipe two (2) meters each side of the fence, and an insulating flange at the boundary. This prevents dangerous potentials occurring between pipe and earth both within and outside the Site. Surge suppression devices or earthing cells shall be fitted across insulators. 10.0 CATHODIC PROTECTION Where pipelines are fitted with cathodic protection, motorised valves shall be connected to the main earth grid and insulated from the pipeline with insulated flanges. The two (2) pipeline flanges shall be bonded across the central insulated portion. Cathodic protection shall not be applied to the copper earthing circuits unless unavoidable because of the build-up of electrolytic products which will tend to insulate buried copper from ground. If segregation of cathodic protection and copper earthing circuits is impracticable a requirement to re-test earthing connections after a 12 month period and install additional electrodes as necessary shall be a mandatory requirement. 11.0 EARTHING FOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION EQUIPMENT The earthing arrangements shall be divided into two (2) classes, one concerned with personnel safety, the other with signal accuracy.

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11.1 Personnel Safety Earthing System All non-current carrying metallic parts of plant, equipment components, enclosures, etc., that could become energised with hazardous potentials shall be connected to the main earthing system. 11.2 Signal Accuracy Earthing System The purpose of circuit earthing is to reduce the effect of electrical interference on the signal being transmitted. A separate single point earthing connection to the main earthing system shall be provided for all signal cabling and precautions shall be taken to ensure that multiple earths are not inadvertently established.

12.0 COMMUNICATION CIRCUITS It may not be possible to limit the rise of Station earth potential to the maximum of 650 V rms typically required by communication authorities. This will depend on the fault currents and electrode resistance. Isolating devices shall then be applied to the incoming lines as part of the communications installation. 13.0 MEASUREMENTS Earth resistivity shall be established prior to detailed design using a four-electrode test set (Wenner method or similar). The same method can be used to determine approximate values of total electrode/grid resistance for small Sites, and shall be used to check work in progress. On completion a high current (>50 A) A.C. injection method shall be used to prove the overall resistance of the main earthing grid to the main body of earth. In addition the following measurements shall be made to prove the effectiveness of the earthing systems: (a) Step voltage checks (b) Touch voltage checks (c) Earth resistance of each group of earth electrodes (d) Continuity of main earth busbar (e) Resistance of joints in earthing systems. During tests on the earthing system all or part of the system shall be isolated from any external system as necessary to ensure tests are correctly performed. 14.0 LIGHTNING PROTECTION
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The Contractor shall provide a lightning protection system in accordance with the appropriate codes and standards including British Standard Code of Practice 665, NFPA 780 and with local Vietnamese safety regulations for all equipment, buildings, structures and tanks supplied for this Project. The proposed design and the proposed equipment shall be subject to approval by the Engineer. The following specific conditions shall be observed: (a) Each building roof, civil works, protective cover or outdoor structure for which the Contractor is responsible shall receive a lightning protection system composed of roof and down conductors sufficiently sized and spaced and connected to the main below grade earthing system or to separate earthing electrodes with a maximum earthing resistance of two (2) ohms. (b) Each outdoor tank shall be connected to three (3) earthing electrodes evenly distributed around the circumference if it is not connected to the main below grade earthing system as described above. (c) All conducting bodies having a plan area exceeding 1m2 or a volume of 0.1m3, shall be connected to a local earth rod unless located entirely within a zone of lightning protection from an adjacent structure. (d) All surge diverters shall be directly connected to earth rods. All earth rods shall be connected to the main earth grid. (e) The steelwork of ground slabs shall be used to form an equipotential system bonded to the main earthing grid, but the alternative of using a separate earthing mat bonded to the grid may be considered in some cases subject to approval by the engineer. (f) Lightning catching rods shall be of stainless steel, and down conductors shall be galvanised steel with a minimum diameter of 10 mm. (g) Copper down conductors shall be duplicated and they shall be adequately protected from mechanical damage. (h) All lightning protection systems shall be strongly interlinked with the below grade earthing system at a minimum of two (2) points. 15.0 CODES AND STANDARDS The Contractor shall comply with the best International Standards and the following specific standards (latest revision) shall apply where applicable: (a) IEC 60364 Electrical Installation of Buildings. (b) NFPA 780 Lightning Protection Systems (c) BS 6651 Code of Practice for Protection of Structures against Lightning (d) BS 7430 Code of Practice for Earthing
(e)

DIN VDE 0141 earthing in AC system with rated voltage greater than 1kV.
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(f) 11TCN 18 21

Norm of electrical installation Ministry of Insdustry Vietnam

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DAKRTIH Hydropower Project Electromechanical equipment - Lot MEU-2 Vol 4: Specifications Division 05- Electrical Equipments

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Section 05.16 - WATER MEASURING SYSTEM 1 1.1 1.1.1 GENERAL

WORK INCLUDED Scope of supply The present specification covers all works concerning to the water measuring system: (1) Two (2) sets of the water level measuring device at Intake (2) One (1) set of the water level measuring device at Powerhouse tailrace (3) One (1) set of the full chamber water level signal device. 1.1.2 Limit of supply (1) Concrete and architectural works will be covered by the Lot CWL. (2) Control and monitoring equipment in Powerhouse will be covered by this Section. (3) The ADSS cable communication terminal connection equipment link between Powerhouse, Spillway and Intake will be covered by this Division. 1.2 RELATED WORK 1.2.1 Related sections Supplies and works included under this section shall comply with the requirements of the following: (1) Section 01.01 :General requirements. (2) Section 05.14 :Telecommunication system. (3) Section 05.09 :Control, Protection and Monitoring equipment. 1.2.2 Co-ordination Works under this section shall be co-ordinated with: (1) Lot CWL : Civil Works for DakRtih lower cascade. (2) Lot MEU-1 : Hydro-mechanical equipment The Contractor shall design the equipment taking into consideration the requirements specified in the relevant Sub-Clause of control and protection system.. 1.3 DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING CONDITIONS 1.3.1 General The digital level signals processed by the water measuring equipment shall be fed into the RTU located at Intake and powerhouse by means of a direct connection. The measuring signals from intake equipment shall be sent to Central control room at powerhouse for monitoring and control via ADSS cable link powerhouse-intake. 1.3.2 Water level measuring device Quantity to be provided: 2 sets at Intake (one set at upstream and second one at down stream of trashrack) and 1 set at powerhouse tailrace. Accuracy: 2 cm 1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE 1.1 Design criteria All equipment and circuits shall comply with the relevant standard specified herein or equivalent standards, and shall be purchased from a well-established manufacturer. 1.2 Shop test and inspection (1) Inspection and testing of standard products: The Contractor shall supply certificates of routine tests.
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2 2.1 2.1.1

2.2

3 3.1 3.1.1

3.1.2

(2) Workshop inspections and tests: For the standard products purchased from a well-established manufacturer and the equipment supplied by a specialised sub-contractor(s), the Contractor may apply the judgement criteria for the shop test in accordance with manufacturers standard, but subject to approval of the Employer. (3) Submittals: The Contractor shall submit the following documents for the Employer's approval: a) Operation logic diagrams b) Instrument connection diagrams c) Detailed diagrams d) Equipment arrangement and layout drawings e) Comprehensive documentation on specified equipment PRODUCTS, COMPONENTS AND SUB-ASSEMBLIES FABRICATION Water level measuring device The water level measuring device shall be of the diaphragm type measuring the water pressure or the approved other type with the protection conduit and its fittings. The protection conduit and its fitting shall be made of the corrosion-resisting steel materials. The pressure sensor shall include a damping filter to eliminate rapid pressure fluctuations. It shall be compensated for variations in pressure gauge temperature, supply voltage etc. The processing unit shall be microprocessor type and in charge of measure acquisition and numerical processing (screening, non-linearity compensation, scale adjustment). SPARE PARTS, MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS The Contractor shall supply the spare parts, maintenance equipment and tools required for maintenance and repair this Equipment in accordance with the requirements of Price Schedule. EXECUTION INSTALLATION AND TEST AT SITE Installation Cables shall be laid into ducts or conduit or surface-mounted in rigid tubes. Necessary duct covers or conduits for electrical cables and the related embedded parts shall be supplied and installed under the Contract. Special attention to high temperature and humidity condition at site shall be paid. The Contractor shall take a countermeasure to the high moisture and make deliberate installation works. Test at site (1) General During the construction and after installation of each item of Water Measuring System, tests shall be performed to establish the accuracy of the assembly and to prove the adequacy of the equipment and the workmanship. All tests shall be made upon the approval of the Employer, and under the presence of the Employer as a rule. (2) Test on Completion After completion of installation work at the Site, the Contractor shall perform Test on Completion to prove satisfactory installation works in accordance with the approved procedures. The tests shall include, but not be limited to:
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a) Visual inspection of erection and connection of all items of equipment b) Continuity of circuit c) Measuring accuracy d) Operation tests Any defects or improper operation discovered shall be corrected at once and entire test shall be repeated by the time ordered, and to the satisfaction of the Employer. Through passing this Test on Completion, Water Measuring System shall be deemed to have been taken-over by the Employer under the Contract.

oOo

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