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EXERCISE 7. Overview of verb tenses. (Charts 1.1 - 1.

5) Directions: In the following dialogues, many of the verbs are in italics.* In pairs, in small groups, or as a class, discuss the meanings of the italicized verbs. Name the tenses of these verbs. If you wish, draw diagrams like the ones in Chart 1-5. (* Words that are "italicized" or "in italics" have a slanted print. Regular print looks like this. Italic print looks like this.) 1. A: What do you do every morning? B: I take a bus to school. The speakers are talking about habitual activities. The name of the tense is the simple present. 2. A: What did you do last night? B: I watched a movie on television. The speakers are discussing an activity that began and ended in the past. Tense: the simple past. 3. A: What are you doing right now? B: I am working on English grammar. The speakers are discussing an activity that is happening (is in progress) at the moment of speaking. Tense: the present progressive. 4. A: What were you doing at this time yesterday? B: At this exact time yesterday, I was walking from the bookstore to the classroom building. The speakers are discussing and activity in progress at a particular time in the past. Tense: the past progressive. 5. A: Have you ever seen a comet? B: Ive seen shooting stars, but Ive never seen a comet. The speakers are discussing activities that have occurred (or not occurred) before now, at unspecific times in the past. Tense: the present perfect. 6. A: What will you do if you miss the bus tomorrow morning? B: I will walk to school. The speakers are discussing what will happen at a specific time in the future. Tense: the simple future . 7. A: What will you be doing at this exact moment tomorrow? B: At this exact time tomorrow, I will be attending my English class. This question concerns an activity that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. 8. A: How long have you been working on this grammar exercise? B: I have been working on this grammar exercise for ten minutes.

This question concerns the duration of an activity that started in the past and is still in progress. Tense: the present perfect progressive. 9. A: How long will you have been working on this exercise by time you finish it? B: By the time I finish this exercise, I will have been working on it for fifteen minutes. The speakers are talking about the duration of an activity that has already started and will end at a specific time in the future. 10. A: What had you done by the time you got to class today? B: I had eaten lunch. This question concerns an activity that started and ended before another time in the past. Tense: the past perfect. 11. A: What will you have done by the time you go to bed tonight? B: I will have finished my homework. This question concerns an activity that will be finished before a particular time in the future. Tense: the future perfect. 12. A: Were you asleep when your friend called last night? B: Yes. I was sleeping when he called. I had been sleeping for almost an hour when the phone rang. This question concerns the duration of an activity that began before another time in the past. Tense: the past perfect progressive. EXERCISE 8. Overview of verb tenses. (Charts 1.1 1-5) Directions: Practice using tenses by answering the questions in complete sentences, either orally ( in pairs, in groups, or as a class) or in writing. 1. 2. 3. 4. What do you do every day? I brush my teeth every day. What did you do yesterday? I combed my hair yesterday. What will you do tomorrow? Tomorrow I will hug my children and kiss my wife/husband. What are you doing right now? Right now I am talking to you. (Note: The Answer Key gives the full, uncontracted forms of verbs rather than contracting them with pronoun subjects. Auxiliary verbs such as will and am are usually contracted in speech. What were you doing at this time yesterday? At this time yesterday, I was watching a game on TV. What will you be doing at this time tomorrow? At this time tomorrow, I will be sitting right here. What have you done since you got up this morning? Since I got up this morning, I have eaten breakfast and have come to school. What had you done before you went to bed last night? Before I went to bed last night, I had eaten dinner, done my homework, and read the newspaper. What will you have done by the time you go to bed tonight?

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

By the time I go to bed tonight, I will have watched the news on TV. 10. What are you doing? How long have you been doing that? I am talking to you. I have been talking to you for ten minutes. 11. What were you doing before (name of the teacher) walked into the classroom today? How long had you been doing that? Before Ms. Froley walked into the classroom today, I was chatting with the student next to me. I had been doing that for five minutes. 12. What will you be doing before (name of the teacher) walks into the classroom tomorrow? How long will you have been doing that? Tomorrow before Ms. Foley walks into the classroom, I will be talking to the student who sits next to me. I will have been talking to him/her for four or five minutes before Ms. Foley walks into the classroom. EXERCISE 9. Error analysis: questions and negative verb forms. (Appendix Charts B-1, B-2, and D-1) Directions: This exercise covers question and negative verb forms you will be using in the following chapters. Check your understanding of these forms by finding and correcting the errors in the sentences below.* (*For information about forming questions and negatives, see the Appendix, Units B-1 ( Forms of Yes/No and Information Questions), B-2( Question Words), and D-1 (Using Not and Other Negative Words).) 1. Does Pedro walks to work every morning? Does Pedro walk to work every morning? 2. What you are talking about? Im not understand you. What are you talking about? I dont understand you. 3. Did you finished your work? Did you work for this company? 4. My friend doesnt liking her apartment. My friend doesnt like her apartment. 5. Do you are working for this company? Do you work for this company? 6. What time your plane did it arrive? What time did your plane arrive? 7. How long have you are living in this city? How long have you been living in this city? Or How long have you lived in this city? 8. My brother dont have no job right now. My brother doesnt have a job right now. 9. Ali wont to be in class tomorrow. Ali wont be in class tomorrow. 10. 10- I hadnt never saw before I moved to Canada last year. I hadnt seen snow before I moved to Canada last year. Or I had never seen snow before I moved to Canada last year. EXERCISE 10. Spelling prestest. (Chart 1-6) Directions: You will be using many verbs in their ing and ed forms in the following chapters. Use this pretest to check yourself on spelling rules. Close your book. On another piece of paper, write the words that your teacher says. Examples: (cry + -ed) TEACHER: Cried. I cried because I was sad. Cried.

WRITTEN RESPONSE: cried 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. (hope + -ed) Hoped (dine + -ing) Dining (stop+ -ed) Stopped (plan + -ing) Planning (rain + -ed) Rained (wait + -ing) Waiting 7. (listen + -ing) listening 8.(happen + -ed) happened 9.(begin + -ing) beginning 10.(occur + -ed) occurred 11.(start + -ing) starting 12.(warn + -ed) warned 13.(enjoy + -ed) enjoyed 14.(play + -ing) playing 15.(study + -ing) studying 16.(worry + - ed) worried 17.(die + -ed) died 18.(lie + -ing) lying

(1) VERB THAT END IN A CONSONANT AND - E (2) VERBS THAT END IN A VOWEL AND A CONSONANT

1-6 SPELLING OF -ING AND -ED FORMS (a) hope hoping hoped -ING FORM: If the word ends in -e date dating dated drop the -e and add -ing.* injure injuring injured -ED FORM: If the word ends in a consonant and -e, just add -d ONE - SYLLABLE VERBS (b) stop stopping stopped rob robbing robbed 1 vowel then 2 consonant** beg begging begged rain raining rained fool fooling fooled dream dreaming dreamed TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS (d) listen listening listened offer offering offered open opening opened ( ) begin beginning (began) prefer preferring preferred control controlling controlled

2 vowels then 1 consonat

1st syllable stressed then 1 consonant

2nd syllable stressed then 2 consonants

(3) VERBS THAT END IN TWO CONSONANTS (4)VERB THAT END IN -Y

(f) start starting started fold folding folded demand demanding demanded (g) enjoy enjoying enjoyed pray praying prayed buy buying (bought) (h) study studying studied try trying tried reply replying replied

If the word ends in two consonants, just add the ending.

If -y is precede by a vowel, keep the -y

If -y is preceded by a consonant: -ING FORM: keep the-y to -i add -ing. -ED FORM: change -y to -i. add -ed -ING FORM: Change -ie to -y, add -ing. -ED FORM: Add -d

(5) VERBS THAT END IN -IE

(i) die dying died lie lying lied

* Exception: If a verb ends in -ee, the final -e is not dropped: seeing, agreeing, freeing. **Exception: -w and -x are not doubled: plow plowed, fix fixed.

EXERCISE 11. Spelling of ING and ED forms. (Chart 1-6)

PART I. Write the correct ing form for the following. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Hold Hide Run Ruin Come Write Eat Sit 9. act 10. pat 11. open 12. begin 13. earn 14. fry 15.die 16. employ

PART II. Write the correct ing and ed forms for the following. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Boil Try Stay Tape tap offer Prefer Gain 9. plan 10.rie 11.help 12.study 13.admit 14.visit 15.hug 16.rage