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ZTE UMTS Handover Description

Contents

Handover Overview Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

Contents

Handover Overview Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

Handover Flow

1.M eas ure men 3.M t c eas ont ure rol m e 5.H nt and Rep ove ort r c omm and

2.UE start measurement

4.RNC Handover Judgment 6.UE Handover Implement

Contents

Handover Overview Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy

Intra-frequency handover refers to the handover performed between cells under the same frequency point of UTRAN. The intra-frequency handover can be triggered based on Ec/N0 or RSCP measurement through the parameter IntraMeasQuan.Intra-frequency handover is measurement-based handover. Intra-frequency measurement contains active set measurement, monitored set measurement and detected set measurement.

The active set refers to the collection of cells retaining radio connection with UE. The monitored set refers to the collection of cells retaining no radio connection with UE but requiring measurement by sending the intra-frequency measurement control message to UE.

The detected set refers to the collection of intra-frequency cells except cells in the active set and monitored set.

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy


ZTE uses Event 1AEvent1BEvent1CEvent1D for intra-frequency handover. Event 1A: The quality of target cell ameliorates and enters a reporting range of relative active set quality. It can be used for adding cell to the active set. Event 1B: The quality of target cell worsens and leaves a reporting range of relative active set quality. It can be used for dropping cell from the active set. Event 1C: The quality of a cell in non-active set is better than that of a cell in certain active set. It can be used for swapping into and out of the active set. Event 1D: The best cell changes. It can be used for adding cell to the active set, swapping into and out of the active set, intra-frequency hard handover or interfrequency load balance.

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1A


10 LogM New + CIO New

NA W 10 Log M i + (1 W) 10 LogM Best (R 1a H1a /2) i=1

R1a: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in adding a cell into the active set (RptRange). H1a: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in adding a cell into the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)). MNew: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set. CIONew: Refers to offset of cell outside active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)). Mi: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set. NA: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set. MBest: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set. W: Refers to the weight proportion (W) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active cell in evaluation standards.

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1A

As can be calculated from the above formula, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1A by either increasing R1a (Event 1A meets the reporting range conditions) or decreasing H1a (Decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can reduce the probability of triggering Event 1A.

Event 1A supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1A meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1A periodically (EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).

There is restriction over the size of active set, so Event 1A will not be reported once the number of cells in the active set reaches certain threshold (RptDeactThr).

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1B


10 LogM Old + CIO Old

NA W 10 Log Mi + (1 W) 10 LogM Best (R 1b + H1b /2) = i 1

R1b: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in dropping a cell from the active set (RptRange). H1b: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in dropping a cell from the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)). MOld: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set. CIOOld: Refers to offset of cell in active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)). Mi: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set. NA: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set. MBest: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set. W: Refers to the weight proportion (W) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active cell in evaluation standards.

As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1B by either increasing R1b (Event 1B meets the reporting range conditions) or decreasing H1b (Decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1B. 10

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1C


10 LogM New + CIO New 10 LogM InAS + CIO InAS + H1c /2

H1c: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1C. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in

replacing a cell in the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)).


MNew: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set. MInAS: Refers to the cell with poorest quality in the active set. CIONew: Refers to offset of cell with poorest quality in active set in relation to other cells

(CellIndivOffset (utranCell)).

CIOInAS: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set in relation to other cells

(CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)).

As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1C by increasing H1c (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1C.

Event 1C supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1C meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1C periodically (EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).

To ensure the gain of macro diversity, the report of Event 1C is only allowed when the number of cells in the active set reaches certain threshold (RplcActThr).
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Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1D


10 LogM NotBest + CIO NotBest 10 LogM Best + CIO Best + H1d /2

MNotBest: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell within or outside the active set. CIONotBest: Refers to the offset of the to-be-evaluated cell within the active set (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)) or outside the active set (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)) in relation to other cells.

CIOBest: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)). MBest: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set. H1d: Refers to Event 1D report hysteresis (Hysteresis(Intra)). As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1D by increasing H1d (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1D.

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Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1D

Event 1D indicates the quality of certain cell within or outside current active set is better than the best cell in current active set, that is, the best cell changes in the active set. The following can be triggered upon the receipt of Event 1D:

Add a cell into the active set (the cell outside the active set reports Event 1D and the number of links in the active set does not reach the maximum).

Swap a cell into or out of the active set (the cell outside the active set reports Event 1D but the number of links in the active set reaches the maximum).

The serving cell changes (for HS-DSCH/E-DCH).

Ec_2
R1a-H1a/2 H1d/2 R1b+H1b/2

1A

Ec_1

1D
1A 1D 1B

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Intra-Frequency Handover Sample


Ec/No

Reporting Event 1D P CPICH 1 RptRange 1A Hysteresis 1A /2 Reporting Event 1A

RptRange 1B + Hysteresis 1B /2

Hysteresis 1D /2 Reporting Event 1B P CPICH 2

TrigTime1B

TrigTime1A

TrigTime1D

Add P CPICH 2 in Active Set

Change the best cell to P CPICH2

Drop P CPICH 1 from Active Set

Time

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Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells

When there are many cells in an active set, the number of intra-frequency adjacent cells in the active set may exceed 32, the maximum number of adjacent cells as restricted in the protocol. In that case, some intra-frequency adjacent cells must be dropped to ensure there are only 32 adjacent cells in the neighboring cell list. Having minimal impact on users in the active set, these dropped cells are those with poorest signal quality or remotest geographical location. Therefore, each intra-frequency adjacent cell is configured with a priority level.

The background configuration parameter MeasPrio is used to define the priority of adjacent cells and includes three values (0: High priority; 1: Medium priority; 2: Low priority). The specific value of MeasPrio must be set by the network planning engineer based on existing network situation (for example, adjacent cell quality and geographical location of adjacent cell).

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Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells

The graph shows the cell priority configuration based on the geographical location of adjacent cells. Take the configuration of cells adjacent to the innermost gray cell as an example: there are three layers of adjacent cells surrounding the gray cell, and they are differentiated from one another with yellow (0: Top priority), blue (1: Medium priority) and red (2: Low priority)

The principle for inter-freq neighboring cells and inter-rat neighboring cells are same.

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Intra-Frequency Handover: Detected set Handover

The detected set handover is controlled through the parameter DetSetHoSwch If the detected set handover is enabled, then the RNC handles the cell in the detected set in the same way as it does in the monitored set, that is, to make decision about handover.

If the detected set handover of the best cell is enabled and there are over 32 adjacent cells, the detected set measurement will be initiated. Initiation strategy: Change 1A Triggering condition 2 into Detected set cells and monitored set cells, and Reporting cell status into Report all active set cells + cells within monitored set and/or detected set on used frequency, that is, perform measurement report of active set, monitored set and detected set concurrently by sharing the same set of handover measurement parameters.

If the detected set handover of the best cell is disabled or there are less 32 adjacent cells, then change 1A Triggering condition into Monitored set cells and Reporting cell status into Report cells within active set and/or monitored set cells on used frequency, that is, to only report the monitored set instead of detected set.

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) Interface Path MeasPrio This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighboring cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is 2. [0, 1, 2] N/A 0 ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXX Neighbouring CellNeighbouring Cell XXX Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path Detected Set Handover Switch DetSetHoSwch This parameter is the detected set handover control switch. 0: Closed 1: Open N/A 1: Open ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellDetected Set Handover Switch

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A/1B(dB)

RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter controls the triggering of event 1a/1b. 1a is easier but 1b is harder to trigger when this value increases; and vice verse. MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency measurement event, which is 7. [0, 14.5]dB step 0.5dB dB Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [3,5,0,0,0,0,0] Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [6,8,0,0,0,0,0] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intrafrquence Measurement ConfigurationReporting Range Constant Event 1A/1B(dB)

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Weight for Event 1A/1B

W[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter is used for quality judgment of event 1a and 1b, which indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment and is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intrafrequency measurement event, which is 7. [0.0, 2.0] step 0.1 N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0] Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0]

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationWeight for Event 1A/1B

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Hysteresis(dB)

Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether to trigger the event. This parameter makes it different between the status to trigger an event and the status to leave the event, so as to avoid the trigger status change due to very small change. The larger the value is, the larger the difference between the status to trigger the event and the status to leave the event will be. This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. Different events are configured separately and can be configured with different hysteresis MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency measurement event, which is 7 [0, 7.5]dB step 0.5dB dB Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [0,0,4,4,2,2,4] Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [4,4,6,6,4,4,6] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration Hysteresis
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Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Filter Coefficient

FilterCoeff This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the intra-frequency measurement.

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

[0, 7.5]dB step 0.5dB dB Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 2 UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 2 Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 3 UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 3

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intrafrquence Measurement Configuration Filter Coefficient

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description

Time To Trigger(ms)
TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the time difference between having detected the event generation and reporting the event. Only when the event generation is detected and still meets all requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger, the event can be triggered and reported. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the actual requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of calls may decrease. MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency measurement event, which is 7. (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000)ms N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [200,640,320,320,200,200, 320]ms Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [200,200,200, 200,200,200,200]ms ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration Time to Trigger

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria

PrdRptAmount This parameter indicates the times of the periodical reports to be reported. If the UE detects that the times of event reports exceeds the value of Amount of reporting, UE stops reporting the measurement results. [1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, Infinity] N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: Infinity UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: Infinity UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationAmount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms)

PrdRptInterval This parameter indicates the interval of periodical reporting when such reporting is triggered periodically. [250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000, 8000, 12000, 16000, 20000, 24000, 28000, 32000, 64000]ms Ms Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 1s UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 1s UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationReporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description This parameter indicates the maximum number of the cells that can exist in the active set in order for event 1a to occur,. 0 means not applicable Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) N/A Only configured for event 1A. Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [2, -, -, -, -, -, -] Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [2, -, -, -, -, -, -] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A RptDeactThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J RplcActThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the minimum number of the cell that can exist in the DCH active set when triggering event 1c or in the E-DCH active set when triggering event 1j. When UE detects that one cell satisfies the trigger threshold of event 1c/1j, it first judges whether the number of the cells in the current active set is smaller than the value indicated by this parameter. If so, do not trigger event 1c/1j. If the value is 0, the parameter is invalid. MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intrafrequency measurement event, which is 7. (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) N/A Only configured for event 1c and 1j. Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [-, -, 3, -, -, -, 3] Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [-, -, 3, -, -, -, 3] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name UTRAN Measurement Quantity Abbreviated name Description IntraMeasQuan This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for intra-frequency measurements. 0: Ec/No 1: RSCP 2: Ec/No and RSCP N/A 0: Ec/No ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationMeasurement quantity

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator EcN0RptInd This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity CPICH Ec/No. 0: False (No Report) 1: True (Report) N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationCPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator RscpRptInd This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity CPICH RSCP. 0: False (No Report) 1: True (Report) N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Pathloss reporting indicator PathlossRptInd This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity pathloss. 0..65535 N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: False UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: False Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: False UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: False ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration Pathloss reporting indicator

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement MeasEvtNum This parameter indicates how many events are required to be configured for the set of the intra-frequency measurement parameters for a certain purpose. The number of the events is related to the purpose of the measurement and the judgment method of the soft handover. The measurement parameter of the soft handover is related to the number of the events in the soft handover algorithm. [1,MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] in which,MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT =7. N/A Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 7 Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 7

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Intra-frquence Measurement ConfigurationEvent Number of Intra-frequency Measurement

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Cell Individual Offset (UtranCell) CellIndivOffset An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can be positive or negative. Before the UE judges whether an event occurs, adds the offset to the measurement result. If the PCPICH uses a positive offset, the UE sends the measurement report just like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case. Or, if the PCPICH uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When the cell individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least temporarily) the target cell of the handover or removed from the active set. OMCR:[ -10, 10 ] dB step 0.5 dB RNC:D = ( P+10 ) * 2, [ 0, 40 ] dB 0dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellCell Individual Offset(dB)

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Cell Individual Offset (UtranRelation) CellIndivOffset An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can be positive or negative. Before the UE judges whether an event occurs, adds the offset to the measurement result. If the PCPICH uses a positive offset, the UE sends the measurement report just like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case. Or, if the PCPICH uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When the cell individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least temporarily) the target cell of the handover or removed from the active set. OMCR: [-10, 10]dB; Step 0.5 RNC: D=(P+10)*2, [0, 40] dB 0 dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXNeighbouring CellNeighbouring Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterCell Individual Offset(dB)

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set

MaxNumOfAct This parameter indicates the maximum number of cells within DCH active set. [1, 6]

Range and Step

Unit

N/A

Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterRNC Radio Resource ManagementMaximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set
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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter

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Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Soft Handover Method

SoftHoMth The paramerer indicates the soft handover method is periodical method or event method. 0: Periodical method 1: Event method N/A

Range and Step Unit

Default Value (note)

1: Event method

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellSoft Handover Method

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Intra-Frequency Handover ParameterHigh speed scenario


Default configuration Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A Hysteresis for Event 1A Time to Trigger for Event 1A Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A Amount of Reporting for Event 1A Reporting Range Constant for Event 1B Hysteresis for Event 1B Time to Trigger for Event 1B Hysteresis for Event 1C Time to Trigger for Event 1C Hysteresis for Event 1D Time to Trigger for Event 1D 3dB 0dB 200ms 2 4 5dB 0dB 640ms 4dB 320ms 4dB 320ms High speed (fast fade) scenario 4dB 0dB 100ms 2 4 7dB 0dB 1280ms 2dB 320ms 4dB 320ms

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Contents

Handover Overview Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy

The inter-frequency handover is a feature in which the UE hands over from one frequency point of UTRAN to another one. It can either be handover based on inter-frequency measurement, or blind handover based on shared coverage or inclusion.

The prerequisite for measurement-based inter-frequency handover is that UE performs quality measurement of non-current serving carrier. For inter-frequency measurement in CELL_DCH state, UE needs to initiate compressed mode unless it has double-receiver. The compressed mode has a impact on both the resource consumption (for example, downlink power and uplink interference) and UE (for example, the transmit power and battery consumption), so inter-frequency measurement is only initiated when the radio quality of current serving carrier is poor .

Upon receiving the inter-frequency measurement results from UE, the RNC makes a decision about inter-frequency handover, and hands over UE to the target frequency point and cell carried in the measurement results.

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Measurement


Q frequencyj = 10 LogM frequency
j

NA j + (1 W j ) 10 LogM Best = W j 10 Log M i j i =1

Qfrequency j: Refers to (Virtual) active set quality of carrier j, that is, the measurement result of carrier j (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP). Mfrequency j: Refers to the physical measurement value (ratio for Ec/No; mW for RSCP) of the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. Mi j: Refers to the physical measurement value of cell i of carrier j. NA j: Refers to the number of cells (excluding best cell) in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. MBest j: Refers to the measurement result of the best cell in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. Wj: Refers to the weight (WnoUsed or Wused) of the best cell in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j during carrier measurement.

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy

ZTE UMTS support event 2A2B2C2D2F for inter-frequency handover. Among all inter-frequency measurement events, Event 2D and Event 2F only involve measurement of working carrier frequencies, so the compressed mode is not required during measurement and extra overhead will not be brought about to both UE and RNC. The compressed mode and event 2A 2B or 2C can be enabled and disabled based on the trigger of 2D and 2F.

Event 2A2B2C are used to trigger inter-frequency handover. The three events are controlled by parameter InterHoTactic and will not be worked at the same time.

All non-working carrier frequencies report Event 2E, indicating that radio quality of all inter-frequency neighbor cells is poor and UE is at the edge of 3G coverage, then RNC may open inter-RAT measurement.

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2A


Q NotBest Q Best + H 2a /2

Evnet 2A: The best carrier frequency changes QNotBest: Refers to the measurement result of current non-best carrier frequency. QBest : Refers to the measurement result of current best carrier frequency. H2a : Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of Event 2A.
2A Ec_f2
H2a/2

Ec_f1

2A

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2B


QNon used TNon used 2b + H2b /2 and Q Used TUsed 2b H 2b /2

Evnet 2B: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold and that of non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold

QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. TNon used 2b: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision. H2b : Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of Event 2B. QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. TUsed 2b: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision.
2A Ec_f2
Tnon used 2b+ H2b/2 Tused 2b- H2b/2

Ec_f1 2B t

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2C


Q Non used TNon used 2c + H 2c /2

QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. TNon used 2c : Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2C decision. H2c: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of Event 2C.
Ec_f1 Ec_f2

Tnon used 2b+ H2c/2

2C

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Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2D


Q Used TUsed 2d H 2d /2

Event 2D: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold. QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. TUsed 2d: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2D decision. H2d: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of Event 2D.

54

Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2E


Q Non used TNon used 2e H2e /2

Event 2E: The quality of non-working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold.

QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. TNon used 2e: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2E decision. H2e: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis) of Event 2E.

55

Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy2F


Q Used T Used

2f

+ H 2f /2

Event 2F: The quality of working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold.

QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. TUsed 2f: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2F decision. H2f: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of Event 2F

56

Inter-Frequency Handover Sample

57

Inter-Frequency Handover Sample2

RSCP

Ec_f2

Ec_f1
2F 2D

2D

2F

2D

2A

58

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

59

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell

MeasPrio This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighboring cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is 2. [0, 1, 2] N/A 0 ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXNeighbouring Cell Neighbouring Cell XXXMeasurement Priority of Neighboring Cell

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

60

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

61

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Share Cover Indication

ShareCover This parameter describes the neighboring relationship of the serving cell and neighboring cell. 0: Neighbor 1: Overlap 2: Covers 3: Contained in N/A 0: Neighbor ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXNeighbouring CellNeighbouring Cell XXX Share Cover Indication

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

62

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

63

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Inter-frequence Handover Tactic

InterHoTactic This parameter indicates the inter-frequency handover tactic. 0: Algorithm Deciding 1: 2A Event Trigger 2: 2B Event Trigger 3: 2C Event Trigger N/A 1: 2A Event Trigger ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran Cell Inter- frequency Handover Tactic

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

64

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

65

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Inter-frequency Handover Method

InterHoMth This paramerer indicates the inter handover method is periodical method or event method. 0: Periodical method 1: Event method N/A 1: Event method

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellInter-frequency Handover Method

66

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

67

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and InterRAT measurements

NonIntraMeasQuan This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for interfrequency and inter-RAT measurements. 0: Ec/No 1: RSCP 2: Ec/No and RSCP N/A 1: RSCP

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellUTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements

68

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

69

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter

70

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Filter Coefficient

FilterCoeff This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-frequency measurement. (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19) N/A UE Inter-frequency Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 3 UE Inter-frequency Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 3

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration Filter Coefficient

71

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B/2D/2F

ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that is required to be configured for event 2b/2d/2f (used when judging the quality of the currently used frequency. MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of interfrequecy measument event which is 6. CPICH RSCP: [-115, -25] dBm CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB Pathloss: [30, 165] dB dBm /dB For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [24,-13, -24,-13,-24,-5]dB For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [115,-95, -115,-95,-115,-70]dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Interfrequence Mesurement Configuration Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B/2D/2F
72

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F

Wused[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter is used for quality judgment for the carrier of currently used frequency, which indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment and is related to the measurement quantity and the event type (only for event 2a/2b/2d/2f). MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-frequecy measument event which is 6. [0.0, 2.0]step 0.1 N/A For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0, 0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0] For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0, 0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

73

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Hysteresis(dB)

Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether to trigger the event. This parameter makes it different between the status to trigger an event and the status to leave the event, so as to avoid the trigger status change due to very small change. Different events are configured separately and can be configured with different values. MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of interfrequecy measument event which is 6. (0, ,14.5)dB step 0.5dB dB For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [4,4,4,4,4,4]dB For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [4,4,4,4,4,4]dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Interfrequence Mesurement Configuration Hysteresis

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

74

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Time To Trigger(ms)

TrigTime[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the time difference between having detected the event generation and reporting the event. Only when the event generation is detected and still meets all requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger, the event can be triggered and reported. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the actual requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of calls may decrease. MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-frequecy measument event which is 6. (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000)ms Ms For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [100,100,100,640,100,640] For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [100,100,100,640,100,640] View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Interfrequence Mesurement Configuration-> Time to Trigger
75

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2B/2C/2E

ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that is required to be configured for event 2a/2b/2c/2e (used when judging the quality of the noT used frequency). MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-frequecy measument event which is 6. CPICH RSCP: [-115, 25]dBm step 1dBm CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0]dB step 1dB dBm /dB For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [-24,5,-5,-24,-13,-24]dB For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [115,-50,-50,-115,-95,-115]dBm ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Interfrequence Mesurement ConfigurationAbsolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2B/2C/2E

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

76

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E

WNoUsed[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter is used when judging the quality of the cells of not used frequencies. This parameter indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment (only for event 2a/2b/2c/2e). MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of interfrequecy measument event which is 6. [0.0, 2.0] step 0.1 N/A For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0, 0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0] For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0, 0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Interfrequence Mesurement ConfigurationWeight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

77

Contents

Handover Overview Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

78

Inter-RAT Handover Strategy

Inter-RAT handover means that an UE switches from one radio access system to another, and specifically, from a UTRAN access system to a GERAN system. (If an UE switches from a GERAN system to a UTRAN system, the GERAN system policy is used.) Inter-RAT handover can be measurement-based handover between systems or blind handover based on shared coverage or inclusion.

The prerequisite of measured-based Inter-RAT handover is that the UE measures the quality of the Inter-RAT neighboring cells. In WCDMA system, for Inter-RAT measurement in CELL_DCH state, the UE must enable compressed mode for Inter-RAT measurement unless it has dual receivers. In addition, regarding the influences of the compressed mode on the system and UE, InterRAT measurement is enabled only when the current UTRAN system has poor radio quality . When receiving Inter-RAT measurement result reported by the UE, the RNC makes Inter-RAT handover decision and switches the UE to the target cell of the GERAN system specified in the measurement result.

79

Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:Inter-RAT Measurement


Q UTRAN = 10 LogM UTRAN NA M = W 10 Log + (1 W) 10 LogM Best i i=1

QUTRAN :indicates the measurement result of the currently used UTRAN frequency (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP). MUTRAN : indicates the measured physical value of the currently used UTRAN frequency (ratio for Ec/No; mV for RSCP). Mi : indicates the measured physical value of cell I in the current active set. NA : indicates the number of the cells (excluding best cells) in an active set. MBest : indicates the measurement result of the best cells in an active set. W : indicates the weight of the best cells in an active set in the frequency quality evaluation of the currently used UTRAN.

80

Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:Inter-RAT Measurement

Inter-RAT measurement is to measure the Inter-RAT cells. In the case of Inter-RAT measurement, the measured quantity of the UTRAN network can be triggered based on the measured quantity of Ec/N0 or RSCP. The specific parameter used is controlled by the NonIntraMeasQuan parameter. The measured quantity of Inter-RAT measurement depends on the systems to be measured. For the GERAN, the measured quantity is RSSI. At present, Inter-RAT measurement supports only the handover modes reported through events.

ZTE UMTS support event 3A3C for inter-RAT handover and uses 2D and 2F events as the criterions for evaluating the signal quality of the current frequency, If the UE reports a 2D event, that is, the current carrier is in poor signal quality, and no inter-frequency neighboring cells exist, or the UE reports a 2E event after inter-frequency measurement is started (that is, the signal quality of the measured inter-frequency neighboring cell is also poor), the RNC tries to initiate Inter-RAT blind handover or start Inter-RAT measurement 3A or 3C event to the UE based on the GSM neighboring cell cover.

81

Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:3A


Q Used TUsed H 3a /2 and MOther

RAT

+ CIOOther RAT TOther

RAT

+ H3a /2

3A: The currently used UTRAN carrier quality is lower than a threshold, and the quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It is used for decision of Inter-RAT handover.

QUsed :indicates the estimated quality of the used frequency of the UTRAN. TUsed :indicates the absolute threshold (Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] ) of : the currently used frequency difference. H3a: is the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) for 3A event decision. MOther RAT :is the quality measurement result of other systems. CIOOther RAT: is the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation). TOther RAT: is the absolute threshold of other systems (ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT])

82

Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:3C


MOther
RAT

+ CIOOther

RAT

TOther

RAT

+ H3c /2

3C: The quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It can be used for Inter-RAT handover decision. MOther RAT : the quality measurement result of other systems. CIOOther RAT : the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation).
:

TOther RAT : the absolute threshold of other systems (ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]). H3c : the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) for 3C event decision.

83

Inter-RAT Handover Sample

84

Inter-RAT Handover Sample1

RSCP GSM

3A(G) 2F 2D 3A(W)

Ec_f1

2D

2F

2D

3A

85

Inter-RAT Handover Sample2

RSCP GSM

3A(G) 2F 2D 2E 3A(W)

Ec_f1 Ec_f2

2D

2F

2D

2E

3A

86

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

87

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell

MeasPrio This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighboring cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is 2. [0, 2] N/A 0 ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXGSM Neighbouring CellGSM Neighbouring Cell XXX Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSMCell

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

88

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

89

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Share Cover Indication

GsmShareCover This parameter describes the neighboring relationship of the serving cell and Gsm neighboring cell. 0: Neighbor 1: Overlap 2: Covers 3: Contained in N/A 0: Neighbor ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXGSM Neighbouring Cell GSM Neighbouring Cell XXX Share Cover Indication

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

90

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

91

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Inter-RAT Handover Tactic

RatHoTactic This parameter indicates the inter-RAT handover tactic. 0: Algorithm Deciding 1: 3A Event Trigger 2: 3C Event Trigger N/A

Unit

Default Value (note)

1: 3A Event Trigger
OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran Cell->Inter-RAT Handover Tactic

92

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

93

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and InterRAT Measurements

Abbreviated name Description

NonIntraMeasQuan This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for interfrequency and inter-RAT measurements. 0: Ec/No 1: RSCP 2: Ec/No and RSCP N/A 1: RSCP ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementUtran CellUtran Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterUtran CellUTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements

Range and Step

Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

94

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

95

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Cell individual offset(gsmRelation)

CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation) An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can be positive or negative. Before the UE judges whether an event occurs, adds the offset to the measurement result. If the PCPICH uses a positive offset, the UE sends the measurement report just like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case. Or, if the PCPICH uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When the cell individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least temporarily) the target cell of the handover or removed from the active set. OMCR: [-10, 10]dB step 0. 5 RNC: D= (P+10) *2, [0, 40] dB 0dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementGSM CellGSM Cell XXXModify Advanced ParameterCell Individual Offset(dB)

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

96

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

97

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter

98

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A

Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the absolute threshold of the UTRAN cell quality that UE uses to judge event 3a. The range and Unit of the parameter relate to the measurement quantity of UTRAN system. MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT measurement events which takes the value of 4. CPICH RSCP:[-115, -25] dBm step 1dBm CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB step 1dB dBm/ dB For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [-6, -24,24,-24] For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [-95, 115,-115,-115] ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration InformationAbsolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

99

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A

W[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter is used when judging the quality of the UTRAN system in inter-RAT measurement, which indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment (only for event 3a). MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT measurement events which takes the value of 4. [0.0, 2.0] step 0.1 N/A For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [0, -, -, -] For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [0, -, -, -]

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration InformationWeight of the UTRAN System for 3A

100

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C

ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the absolute threshold used when judging the quality of other RAT configured for event 3a/3b/3c. The value range and Unit of this parameter are related to the measurement quantity of other system, at present the measurement quantity can only be GSM Carrier RSSI of the GSM system, which corresponds to the CPICH RSCP of UTRAN system, so the value range and Unit of this parameter correspond to the CPICH RSCP. MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT measurement events which takes the value of 4. CPICH RSCP: [-115, -25]dBm step 1dBm CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB step 1dB dBm/ dB [-90, -95, -95, -115]dBm ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE InterRAT Measurement Configuration Information Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C
101

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Hystersis(dB)

Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether to trigger the event. This parameter makes it different between the status to trigger an event and the status to leave the event, so as to avoid the trigger status change due to very small change. The larger the value is, the larger the difference between the status to trigger the event and the status to leave the event will be. This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. Different events are configured separately and can be configured with different hysteresis MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT measurement events which takes the value of 4. (0, , 7.5)dB step 0.5dB dB For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [4,4,2,4]dB For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [4,4,4,4]dB ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information Hysteresis

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) OMCR Interface Path

102

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Time To Trigger(ms)

TrigTime[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] This parameter indicates the time difference between having detected the event generation and reporting the event. Only when the event generation is detected and still meets all requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger, the event can be triggered and reported. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the actual requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of calls may decrease. MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT measurement events which takes the value of 4. (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000)ms Ms For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [100,100,100,100]ms For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [100,100,100,100]ms ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource Management Modify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information Time to Trigger
103

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat)

FilterCoeff(Rat) This parameter indicates the filtering factor of UTRAN when UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-RAT measurement. (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19) N/A UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH Ec/No: 3 UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH RSCP: 3 ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-Rat Mesurement ConfigurationUTRAN Filter Coefficient

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

104

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat)

GsmFilterCoeff This parameter indicates the filtering factor of GSM when UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-RAT measurement. (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19) N/A For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: 3 For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: 3

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-Rat Mesurement ConfigurationGSM Filter Coefficient

105

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior

BSICVeriReq This parameter indicates whether to confirm the BSIC of GSM cells when performing the Inter-RAT measurement. BSIC = NCC (Network Color Code) + BCC (Base Color Code). BSIC can be used to identify the GSM cells. If the value is Not Required , UE does not confirm the BSIC when measuring the GSM cells. If the value is Required , UE confirms the BSIC when measuring the GSM cells, and then queue the confirmed BSIC cells according to the measurement results. In each measurement period, re-confirm and measure the BSIC in the order of the measurement results, from good to bad. 0: Require Confirm 1: Not Required Confirm N/A UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH Ec/No: Required UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH RSCP: Required ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior
106

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description Range and Step Unit Default Value (note) UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator

UtranEstQual This parameter indicates whether the report of the estimation quality of UTRAN system is requested or not. 0: Not Report (False) 1: Report (True) N/A For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: Not Report For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: Not Report ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE InterRat Mesurement Configuration UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator

OMCR Interface Path

107

Inter-RAT Handover Parameter


Parameter name Abbreviated name Description GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator

GsmCarrRSSIInd This parameter indicates whether the report of RSSI of the GSM cells is requested or not. Since the measurement quantity of the GSM cell is only GSM Carrier RSSI, in inter-RAT measurement Event Reporting Criteria, there is no need to report this parameter when measuring the GSM cell and performing the Inter-RAT handover. In the periodical reporting criteria, GSM carrier RSSI report is required. 0: Not Report (False) 1: Report (True) N/A For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: Report For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: Report ViewConfiguration ManagementRNC NERNC Radio Resource ManagementModify Advanced ParameterUE InterRat Mesurement Configuration GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator

Range and Step Unit Default Value (note)

OMCR Interface Path

108

Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value

Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Detected Set Handover Switch Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A Reporting Range Constant for Event 1B Weight for Event 1A Weight for Event 1B Hysteresis 1A Hysteresis 1B Hysteresis 1C Hysteresis 1D Filter Coefficient Time To Trigger 1A Time To Trigger 1B

0 Open 3db 5db 0 0 0db 0db 4db 4db 2db 200ms 640ms

0 Open 3db 5db 0 0 0db 0db 4db 4db 2db 200ms 640ms

109

Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value

Time To Trigger 1C Time To Trigger 1D Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria Cell Individual Offset (UtranCell) Cell Individual Offset (UtranRelation) Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intra-frequency Measurements CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator Pathloss reporting indicator Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set Soft Handover Method

320ms 320ms Infinity 1s 0db 0db 2 3 Ec/No TRUE TRUE FALSE 7 3 Event method

320ms 320ms Infinity 1s 0db 0db 2 3 Ec/No TRUE TRUE FALSE 7 3 Event method

110

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value

Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Inter-frequence Handover Tactic Filter Coefficient Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2D Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2F Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2D Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2F Hysteresis 2A Hysteresis 2B Hysteresis 2C Hysteresis 2D Hysteresis 2E Hysteresis 2F
111

0 2A Event Trigger 3 -95db -95db -70db 0 0 0 0 4db 4db 4db 4db 4db 4db

0 2A Event Trigger 3 -95db -95db -70db 0 0 0 0 4db 4db 4db 4db 4db 4db

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Time To Trigger 2A Time To Trigger 2B Time To Trigger 2C Time To Trigger 2D Time To Trigger 2E Time To Trigger 2F Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2B Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2C Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2E Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2B Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2C Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2E Share Cover Indication Inter-frequency Handover Method UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT measurements Default Value 100ms 100ms 100ms 640ms 100ms 640ms -50dbm -50dbm -95dbm 0 0 0 0 Neighbor Event method RSCP TRUE Value 100ms 100ms 100ms 640ms 100ms 640ms -50dbm -50dbm -95dbm 0 0 0 0 Neighbor Event method RSCP

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Intra-RAT Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value

Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell Inter-Rat Handover Tactic Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3B Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3C Hystersis 3A Hystersis 3B Hystersis 3C

0 3A Event Trigger -95dbm 0 -90dbm -95dbm -95dbm 4db 4db 4db

0 3A Event Trigger -95db 0 -90dbm -95dbm -95dbm 4db 4db 4db

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Inter-RAT Handover Parameter Summary


Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value

Time To Trigger 3A Time To Trigger 3B Time To Trigger 3C UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat) GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat) GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator Cell individual offset(gsmRelation) UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements Share Cover Indication

100ms 100ms 100ms 3 3 Required Not Report Report 0db RSCP Neighbor

100ms 100ms 100ms 3 3 Required Not Report Report 0db RSCP Neighbor

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