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Figure B1.

8 is a technical data sheet that compiles all information necessary for the design and economic analysis.
SPRINKLER IRRIGATION TECHNICAL DATA SHEET

(Fig B1.8)

Developed by ASAE Sprinkler Irrigation Research Committee in cooperation with the Sprinkler Irrigation Association, U.S.
Farm Home Administration and U.S. Soil Conservation Service: adopted by ASAE January 1957; reconfirmed without change
for one year by the Soil and Water Division Standards Committee, December 1967, December 1968, December 1970,
December 1971, December 1972, December 1973.
FARM INFORMATION
Name of Owner __________________Address_______________________Date_______
Section__________Range_________Township__________County__________State____
IRRIGATION SYSTEM DESIGN AREA:
Topography Include profile of proposed main pipeline locations. Give elevations of
points around field boundaries, water level, pump locations, highest and lowest points in design area, and natural gas or
electrical power line location.
Soils Show predominating soil types and locations on map.
Field Nos.
Available moisture-holding capacity _________ (in/ft)
Intake Rate (in/hr)
Effective depth of soil (ft)

WATER SUPPLY
Source_________Amount available_________GPM_________acre feet

(FigB1.8 continued)
Seasonal variation GPM_________ to GPM_________
Delivery scheduling_________
POWER SOURCE
Electrical_________Internal combustion engine_________Fuel Type_________
Other_________
If electrical, give power phase_______Voltage________HP Limitations________
LABOR AVAILABILITY
Hours of operation per day_________Operation days per week_________
Irrigation Requirements
Design Area
Requirements
Effective root zone Moisture to be replaced Peal moisture use rate Peak use period irrigation
Crops Field No. Acres
depth, feet
each irrigation, inches
in per day
frequency, days

DESIGN AND SPECIFICATION INFORMATION


SYSTEM CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS
Minimum system capacity ____gpm

Field Nos. 1

Application rate (in/hr)


________________________________
Time of lateral operation per set (hrs)
________________________________
Depth applied per set (inches)
________________________________
Number of lateral sets per day (no.)
________________________________
Operation period to cover area (days)
________________________________
System capacity required (gallons)
________________________________
Water application efficiency (percent)
________________________________
Depth moisture replaced each irrigation (inches) ________________________________
SPRINKLER SELECTION
Application rate _________in per hour. Sprinkler spacing on lateral _________ft.
Lateral spacing on main line _________ft. Sprinkler discharge _________ gpm.
Diameter of circle covered _________ft. Type _________ Nozzle sizes _________
x_________
Required operation pressure _________psi.
LATERAL DESIGN
Lateral spacing on main line _________ft. Sprinkler spacing on lateral _________ft.
Lateral length _________ft. Area covered per lateral setting _________acres.
No. sprinklers per lateral _________ Lateral discharge _________gpm
No. laterals required _________, to cover design area in _________days.
Pipe size required: Length _________ft. Diameter _________inches. Gage pipe ______
Length _________ft. Diameter _________inches. Gage pipe ______
Rise or fall (circle applicable condition) in lateral _________feet.
Pressure loss in lateral due to friction _________psi or _________feet.
Pressure required (at main line) to operate lateral _________psi or _________feet.
MAIN LINE DESIGN
Portable_________ or Permanent _________ material, Steel_________,
Aluminum_________, or Other_________.
Main line length _________ ft. Discharge capacity _________ gpm.
Rise or fall (circle one) in main line _________ ft.
Allowable head loss due to friction _________ft.
Pipe sizes required _________ft. of _________ in pipe _________gage
_________ ft. of _________ in pipe _________gage
_________ ft. of _________ in pipe _________gage
Head loss due to friction _________ft. Outlet spacing on main line _________ft.
SUPPLY LINE DESIGN (That portion of main line outside the design area)
Supply line length _________ft. Discharge capacity _________gpm.
Pipe size required _________ in. Friction heat loss _________ft.

TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAT REQUIREMENTS


Pressure required at lateral _________psi _________ft.
Friction heat loss in main line _________psi _________ft.
Friction heat loss in supply line _________ft.
Friction heat loss in suction line _________ft.
Elevation difference between pump and highest point of lateral line _________ft.
Elevation difference between water source and center pump _________ft.
Miscellaneous friction heat loss in special valves and fittings _________ft.
Total _________ft.
PUMP REQUIREMENTS
Capacity _________ gpm at head _________ft. Size _________in.
PUMP SPECIFICATIONS
Type ________ Capacity _________gpm. Efficiency _________%, at _________ft head
Rpm @ required discharge _________ Brake hp @ required discharge _________.
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Water hp _________ Efficiency _________% Brake hp _________ Rpm _________
POWER UNIT SPECIFICATIONS
Type _________ Make _________ Model _________ Size _________
Continuous hp rating _________ at _________ rpm
Type of power conversion _________ Speed ratio _________
Electric motor: Voltage _________ Phase _________ Rpm _________
Section Break (Next Page)

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF IRRIGATION


Figure B1.8(continued)
+
SYSTEM COST
Item
Well unit
Pumphouse unit
Power unit
Pump unit
Power line extension
Main pipe line (complete with valves)

Quantity and Unit cost Total cost Annual fixed


unit
dollars
dollars
cost

Lateral pipe lines (complete)


Sprinklers and risers
Special equipment:
List:
Total material costs
Cash outlay for instillation
Farm costs, Labor
Tractor use
Other
Total farm costs
Total cost

Figure B1.8 (continued)

LABOR COSTS
Moving lateral (per irrigation) _________hrs.
Moving mainline (per irrigation) _________hrs.
Starting and stopping pump (per irrigation) _________hrs.
Other time required (per irrigation) _________hrs.
Total labor (per irrigation) _________hrs. @ $_________ per hour_________
Seasonal cost = cost per irrigation _________ x No. of irrigation_________
INVESTMENT COST
Water development (well, pond, sump, etc.) $_________
Land development (leveling, clearing)
_________
Equipment
_________
Materials
_________
Labor
_________
Other (rights of way, legal and technical costs) _________
Total Investment $_________
ANNUAL FIXED COSTS
Annual depreciation of investment
Interest of average investment
Taxes (irrigation equipment)
Insurance

$_________
_________
_________
_________
Total fixed cost $_________

ANNUAL OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COST


Hours of operation per year _________
Fuel or electricity
$_________
Lubricating oils, grease, attendance
_________
Labor, irrigating
_________
Maintenance irrigation system
_________
Total operating an maintenance costs $_________
Total cost of irrigation = Fixed cost plus operating and maintenance costs
Cost per acre inch = Total cost of irrigation divided by total acre inches applied
Cost per irrigation acre = Cost per acre inch multiplied by inches applied

$_________
$_________
$_________

REMARKS_____________________________________________________________________

MAP OF AREA TO BE IRRIGATED


(Use paper with one-inch coordinate
grid lines)

Made by ___________________________
Title
____________________________
Date
____________________________
Section Break (Next Page)

Figure B1.9 indicates elements of a pump and power unit on a sprinkler system and the
corresponding elements necessary for power unit calculation. These units are:

1) STATIC SUCTION LIFT Vertical distance (feet) from water surface to intake.
2) STATIC DISCHARGE LIFT Vertical distance (feet) from pump to highest discharge
point.
3) PRESSURE HEAD Pressure (psi) required of the system at the sprinkler nozzle or
discharge point to provide the coverage required.
4) FRICTION HEAD Pressure loss (psi) resulting from friction created by flow through
the pipe and fittings.
You will note that some of these elements are in feet of vertical lift while others are in pounds
per square inch (psi).
Total head or total dynamic head (TDN) is the sum of the individual head components.
However, to accurately add the individual head losses, they must be converted to equivalent
units.
This may be done by the formulas:
1. 1 psi = 2.31 ft. head
or
2. 1 ft. head = 0.433 psi
Section Break (Next Page)

* Including the corresponding elements of total head used in calculating power


requirements.
Figure B1.9. Elements of a Pump and Power Unit on a Sprinkler System.

Figure B1.10 indicates pressure loss characteristics of rigid plastic pipe.


Figure B1.8 indicates pressure loss or heat loss characteristics of aluminum pipe.
Figure B1.9 indicates pressure loss characteristics of irrigation hose used with travelers.

Table B1.10 indicates horsepower required to pump different quantities of water against different
heads with a pumping plant of 50-percent efficiency. Horsepower may also be calculated by the
formul
Section Break (Next Page)

_____GPM X TDH_____
B.H.P = 3960 x Efficiency
Where: B.H.P =
Break Horsepower
GPM =
Gallons Per Minute
TDH =
Total Dynamic Head
Efficiency = Pump Efficiency
Figure B1.11 compares power costs of electric power with propane, gasoline, diesel, and superCharged diesel.

Table B1.8
Couplings1

Friction Loss in Feet of Head per 100 Feet in Portable Aluminum Pipe With

Flow (gallons per minute)


40
50
60
70
80
90
100
120
140

2-inch
4.5
6.9
9.7
12.9
16.7
20.8
25.4

3-inch2
0.658
1.006
1.423
1.906
2.457
3.073
3.754
5.307
7.113

4-inch2
0.157
0.239
0.339
0.449
0.584
0.731
0.893
1.263
1.693

5-inch2

6-inch2

0.150
0.193
0.242
0.295
0.417
0.560

0.120
0.170
0.227

7-inch2

8-inch2

160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
480
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1
2

9.169
11.47
14.01
16.79
19.81
23.06
26.55
30.27
34.22
38.39
42.80
47.43
52.28

2.182
2.729
3.333
3.996
4.713
5.488
6.316
7.203
8.142
9.137
10.18
11.29
12.44
13.65
14.57
16.23
17.59
19.01
22.79
26.88
31.30
36.03
41.08

0.721
0.967
1.102
1.321
1.558
1.814
2.089
2.381
2.692
3.020
3.366
3.731
4.113
4.513
4.930
5.364
5.815
6.284
7.532
8.886
10.35
11.91
13.58
15.35
17.22
19.20
21.28
23.45
28.11
31.75

0.293
0.366
0.448
0.537
0.633
0.737
0.849
0.967
1.094
1.227
1.368
1.516
1.671
1.833
1.988
2.179
2.363
2.554
3.068
3.611
4.204
4.839
5.517
6.237
6.999
7.801
8.645
9.530
11.42
13.58

0.209
0.251
0.296
0.344
0.387
0.452
0.511
0.573
0.639
0.708
0.781
0.857
0.936
1.019
1.104
1.193
1.403
1.687
1.965
2.262
2.520
2.915
3.271
3.646
4.041
4.454
5.338
6.298

0.253
0.265
0.298
0.332
0.368
0.399
0.455
0.486
0.529
0.573
0.620
0.742
0.876
1.020
1.174
1.339
1.513
1.698
1.893
2.097
2.312
2.771
3.269

Based on 30-foot pipe lengths.


For 20-foot pipe lengths, increase values in table by 7 percent.

Table B1.9: Estimated Pressure Loss in PSI for Irrigation Hose When Operated At About
100 psi.
GPM

2.5

100
150
200
250
300
400

1.6
3.4
5.6

Nominal Inside Diameter, Inches


3
4
4.5
Pressure loss in psi per 100 ft
1.4
2.4
3.6
5.1

0.95
1.35
2.3

0.60
1.27

500
600
700
800
900
1000

3.5
4.9

2.08
2.65
3.57
4.55

1.1
1.6
2.1
2.7
3.4
4.2

Figure B1.11
Table B1.10: Horsepower Required to Pump Different Quantities of Water Against Different
Heads With Pumping Plant of 50-Percent Efficiency*
Discharge
Total Head in feet
G.P.M.
C.F.S
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90 100 120
1
1
2
/8
/3
/3
25
0.06

1
1
1
1
2
50
0.11

1
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
100
0.22

1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
150
0.33

2
2
3
4
5
5
6
7
8
9
200
0.45
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
250
0.56
1
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11
13
15
300
0.67
2
3
5
6
8
9
11
12
14
15
18
350
0.78
2
4
5
7
9
11
12
14
16
18
21
400
0.89
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
450
1.00
2
5
7
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
27
500
1.11
2
5
8
10
13
15
18
20
23
25
30

140
2
4
7
11
14
18
21
25
28
32
35

160
2
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40

180
2
5
9
14
18
23
27
32
36
41
45

600
700
800
900
1000
1250
1500

1.34
1.56
1.78
2.01
2.23
2.78
3.34

3
4
4
5
5
6
8

6
7
8
9
10
13
15

9
11
12
14
15
19
23

12
14
16
18
20
25
30

15
18
20
23
25
32
38

18
21
24
27
30
38
45

21
25
28
32
35
44
53

24
28
32
36
40
50
60

27
32
36
41
45
57
68

30
35
40
45
51
63
76

36
42
48
55
60
76
90

42
50
57
84
71
88
106

48
57
65
73
80
104
121

55
64
73
82
91
114
136

* Adapted from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Farmers Bulletin 1857, Small Irrigation Pumping Plants.

61
71
81
91
101
126
151

67
78
89
100
111
139
166

73
85
97
109
121
151
181