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Section A
1. Acid rain is formed when rainwater dissolves harmful substances in the air to form a weak acid. Which one of the following causes acid rain to form? (1) Loud noises from vehicles. (2) Fumes from factories. (3) Smoke from cigarettes. (4) Carbon Dioxide from our lungs ( ) 2. Which one of the following is not an effect of acid rain? (1) The trees in the forests die. (2) The fish in the rivers are killed. (3) The buildings in the cities are damaged. (4) People in the cities die of cancer 3. Which of the following can be recycled? A. Paper cartons B. Aluminum Cans C. Empty glass bottles D. Plastic bottles (1) (2) (3) (4) A only A and B only A,B and C only A, B, C and D only

4. In Singapore, rubbish is disposed of either by burning it in incinerators or by burying it in landfills. At a sanitary landfill, a layer of earth is placed over compacted refuse. This is done in order to A: prevent the odour from spreading B: stop the breeding of insects C: press down the refuse to reduce its volume D: keep away houseflies and other pests (1) A, B and D only (3) B, C and D only (2) A, C and D only (4) A, B, C and D only

5. Which one of the following shows the incorrect material recycled from objects found in our refuse? Recycled material Object (1) Metal Cans (2) Paper Magazines (3) Plastic Sawdust (4) Glass Bottles ( )
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6.

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Which of the following are suitable labels for A, B and C? A B C Air with excessive Light pass through Light reflected carbon dioxide atmosphere Air with excessive Light deflected back Light trapped carbon monoxide to Earth Air with excessive Heat absorbed by Heat deflected back to carbon dioxide Earth Earth Air with excessive Heat reflected Heat absorbed by Earth. carbon monoxide ( )

7. Jack took some rubbish he found in a dustbin and classified them into two groups. Group A: Group B:

_______________________________
He classified them according to whether __________________________ . (1) they are biodegradable (2) they can be recycled (3) they are waterproof (4) they cause land pollution or water pollution

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8. The main gas responsible for the cause of the depletion of the ozone layer is ________. (1) (2) (3) (4) Chloroflorocarbon (CFC) Water Vapour Carbon Dioxide Sulphur Dioxide

9. An oil spill from a tanker affected a large area of water near the seashore. Tom discovered many dead seabirds on the beach. Which of the following reasons are likely the causes of the death of the seabirds? A. The seabirds were poisoned by the oil they swallowed while preening their oil covered feathers. B. The seabirds ate the fish which were poisoned by the oil. C. The seabirds drank the sea water which was contaminated by the oil. D. The seabirds feathers were stained with oil and they died due to an excessive loss of body heat. (1) A and B only (2) A and D only (3) B and C only (4) B, C and D only 10. Which of the following ways can we benefit from the conservation of forests? A. Trees provide us with a constant supply of oxygen. B. Trees prevent soil erosion on slopes. C. Some plants have medicinal value to Man. D. Forests provide animals with a habitat thus preventing their extinction. (1) A and B only (2) B and D only (3) A, B and C only (4) All of the above

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:: 11. The graph shows the average global temperature in degrees Celsius.

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Which of the following is/are reason(s) for the above graphical representation? A: Burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity B: Photosynthesis by green plants C: Deforestation D: Burning petroleum to run vehicles (1) (2) (3) (4) A only D only B and C only A, C and D only

11. The map below shows the location of Halu and Guka village along a river.

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The villages of Halu village are proposing the building of a water treatment plant to supply water for home use. The water that is to be treated is pumped to the treatment plant from the point in the river that is nearest to it. The water in the river flows towards the sea in the direction as shown by the arrows above. Which of the positions, R, S, T or U is the most suitable position for building the water treatment plant?

(1) Position R (2) Position S (3) Position T (4) Position U

12. Which one of the following statements about fossil fuels is NOT true? (1) (2) (3) (4) They contain chermical energy. They are found in the ground. Burning of fossil fuels causes air pollution. The usage of fossil fuels causes the depletion of the ozone layer.

13. The diagram below shows some human activities which affect the environment.

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Based on the diagram, what are the activities that cause air pollution? (1) A and B only (2) A, D and F only (3) B, C and D only (4) B, C and E only

14. Which of the following are reasons why Man uses biotechnology to genetically modify some crops? A. The crops are more resistant to pests and diseases. B. The crops grow faster and produce better yield. C. The crops are better in nutritional value. D. The crops stay fresher for a longer period of time (1) A and B only (2) C and D only (3) A, B and D only (4) All of the above

15. Which of the following statements are TRUE about the development in modern biotechnology? A: It can help us to produce food by fermentation with the help of useful microorganisms. B: Genetically modified food has the same appearance and characteristics as any food we eat. C: Genetically modified food results in increased food production which can help countries facing food shortage. D: In genetic selection we can easily produce and determine the desirable characteristics we want in plants within a short time. (1) A and C only (2) A and D only (3) A, B and C only (4) B, C and D only ( )

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16. Resources can be classified as renewable or non-renewable. Which of the following is grouped wrongly?

(1)
Renewable Non-renewable plants petroleum

(2)
Renewable Non-renewable animals metals

(3)
Renewable Non-renewable rocks air

(4)
Renewable Non-renewable water coal ( 17. Nowadays we can easily call and speak to people from all over the world with our handphones even from an aeroplane. This is made possible because _____. A: communication satellites are used to transmit the signals B: telephone wires are used to connect every country in the world C: solar panels are used to produce electricity for phones D: antennas are used to receive the signals from satellites 1. 2. 3. 4. A and B only A and C only A and D only B and D only ( ) )

18. Benny placed a big block of ice in a small enclosed room. He noticed that the block of ice started melting after some time as shown in the diagram below.

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Which one of the following describes what happened to the temperature of the ice, water and small room when the ice was melting?

Temperature of Ice Water Small room Increase Decrease Decrease Increase

(1) No change Decrease (2) No change Increase (3) Decrease Increase (4) Increase Decrease

( ) 19. PSI (Pollutant Standards Index) values give an indication of the air quality. The indication of the air quality with the associated range of PSI values are shown in the table below.

PSI Value 1 - 50 51 - 100 101 - 200 201 - 300

Air Quality Good Moderate Unhealthy Very unhealthy

Above 300 Hazardous The table below shows the PSI in Singapore over a few days. Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 45 80 120 135 140

Which one of the following reasons can most likely explain the sudden increase in PSI in the town from Day 1 to Day 5? (1) (2) (3) (4) Cutting down of trees in the town. An increase of vehicles on the road. A forest fire in a neighbouring country. An increase in the number of cigarette smokers.

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20. Study the statements below carefully. A: Coal is a renewable resource. B: Greenhouse effect will cause skin cancer. C: The main cause of acid rain is deforestation. D: The burning of fuels causes the greenhouse effect. Which of the statements above are false? (1) (2) (3) (4) A and B only A and C only B and D only A, B and C only

21. In cities like Bangkok and Beijing, air pollution is a serious problem. Which one of the following actions is the best way to reduce the level of air pollution in the two cities? (1) Build multi-storey car parks with car lifts. (2) Charge a high fee during peak hours for cars on the road. (3) Only cars that use leaded petrol are allowed to enter the city. (4) Reduce the number of cars entering the city by encouraging the use of public transport. ( )

22. In 1984, a vessel carrying mercury collided with a fishing vessel at the eastern coast of Japan. Environmentalists were concerned with the food chains due to the high concentration of mercury in the sea. Which one of the following graphs shows the most likely changes to the population of kingfisher that fed on the fish at the coast? (1)

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(3)

(4)

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23. The air in a particular area is being analysed. The result of the analysis is shown in the table.

Gas Present Carbon Dioxide Nitrogen Oxygen Sulphur Dioxide and other poisonous gases Water Vapour

Level High Normal Low High Normal

The air sample is most probably take from _____. (1) (2) (3) (4) a school canteen an abandoned playground the premises within an office the surroundings of a chemical factory

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Section B

24. In the box below, there is a list of actions taken by people to reduce different forms of pollution. Write the correct form of pollution next to its corresponding action.

Action taken

Form of Pollution

Factories ensure that workers are not exposed to noise exceeding 85 decibels over an eight-hour period. Use strong canvas bag to carry groceries from the market. Vehicles imported into Singapore must be fitted with catalytic converters.

Efflucent discharges are closely monitored.

25. Explain how does the below leads to the greenhouse effect.

_____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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26. The diagram below shows what happens to the refuse that is taken to the Ulu Pandan Incineration Plant.

Explain how two practices carried out at the above incineration plant support the conservation of natural resources.

(a)___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

(b)___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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:: 27. The map below shows the burning areas in an Indonesian island.

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When a forest fire occurs in a remote forest, firemen need to locate quickly and accurately which part of the forest is burning.

a) Name a man-made device that the firemen can use to locate the burning areas on a map without leaving the fire station.

____________________________________________________________________________ b) Name another use for the man-made device in (a). ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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28.

29. Explain how acid rain is formed.

______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________


When water evaporates, it mixes with air pollutants or chemicals in the air and condenses into water droplets. The water droplets gather into clouds and fall as rain with the chemicals still dissolved in them.

30. Amy wants to find out if duckweeds are able to survive in polluted water. a) She was given the following materials: Thirty duckweeds Three large beakers Oil Detergent 500ml of water

Select materials from the items listed above and list the steps she needs to carry out to come to a conclusion. ______________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ b) What would Amy observed at the end of her experiment? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

31. State 3 benefits of Genetically modified products. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

32.

The diagram below shows a sketch diagram of an area around Lake Huron in North America. There have been complaints made by the locals against Factory X for polluting the lake waters, killing the fish in it. a) Are the complaints justified?

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__________________________________________________________________________

b)

Explain your answer in Part (a)

______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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