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Rashtreeya Sikshana Samithi Trust (RSST)

R.V.COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, BANGALORE-560059


(Autonomous Institution Affiliated to VTU, Belgaum)

Synopsis on

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF VAPOUR ABSORPTION SOLAR COOLING SYSTEM


Submitted by Ganesh G A Pavankumar H K Rajendra B K Ramakrishna Bhat (1RV09ME034) (1RV09ME072) (1RV09ME081) (1RV09ME083)

Under The Guidance Of Dr. M Krishna, Professor and Dean - R&D Department Of Mechanical Engineering, R V COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 2013

INTRODUCTION
India is a subtropical country. Hence it is exposed to three different seasons namely summer, rainy and winter. In both summer and rainy seasons we are subjected to very hot condition; hence we need air conditioners or air cooler systems in these seasons. Both air condition and air coolers need electrical power to run unfortunately in summer more than 50% power cut could be seen in our country due acute shortage of power
[1]

. On the other hand in summer we receive

maximum solar energy which can be utilized for different purposes such as electrical energy conversion using solar cells, water heating, cooking etc. The solar energy can be used even for cooling with little modification of solar water heater
[2]

. Solar energy is available plentiful in

most areas, which also represents a good source of thermal energy. Of the various solar air conditioning alternatives, the absorption system appears to be one of the most promising methods. Since most of the power consumption in vapour absorption system is by heater, it can be reduced by replacing conventional heater with the hot water from solar heater [3].

OBJECTIVE
To design and fabricate vapour absorption solar cooing system using ammonia-water refrigerant. To evaluate the performance of fabricated system in different environments. To estimate costing of cooling system. To compare it with the conventional system.

METHODOLOGY
# Step: 1: Data collection related to solar energy available throughout the year. # Step 2: Collect the inforamtion about the solar water heater methods and specifications. # Step 3: Design the vapour absorption method and its parameters. # Step 4: Fabricate solar cooling system using both sloar water heater and vapour absorption system. # Step 5: Conduct performance and efficiency of developed system. # Step 6: Costing of the system. # Step 7: Generalized the design based on the required cooling compartment size and working temperature range, accordingly volume, concentration, flow rate, and other parameters.

REFERENCES
[1]. Joel K. Dickinson and Robert O. Hess, cost and performance analysis of a solar thermal cooling project, ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES2010,2010. [2]. Daniel Kunz, Heinz Mller and Christian Soltmann, Patent Landscape ReportonSolar Cooling Technologies (WIPO), 2012. [3]. V. Mittal, K. S. Kasana and N. S. Thakur, Performance evaluation of solar absorption cooling system of Bahal (Haryana), J. Indian Inst. Sci., Sep.Oct. 2005. [4]. Manuel Riepl, Felix Loist and Richard Gurtner, Operational performance results of an innovative solar thermal cooling and heating plant, Energy Procedia 30, 2012

1. Title of the project: design and fabrication of vapour absorption solar refrigerator. 2. Student details:

USN 1RV09ME034 1RV09ME072 1RV09ME081 1RV09ME083

Name of the Student Ganesh G A Pavankumar H K Rajendra B K Ramakrishna Bhat

Internal

Place of work

Dr. M Krishna

R V COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING