2.0K views

Uploaded by Muhammad Ilyas

staad pro

- Analysis and Design of Structures-A Practical Guide to Modeling Trevor
- STAAD PRO tutorial
- STAAD Tutorial - 3
- STAAD.pro Advanced Training Manual
- staad pro 2007 examples
- STAAD Foundation Advanced Manual
- STAAD Pro Advanced Analysis
- staadPROmanuals
- staad pro v8i getting started
- staad pro manual.pdf
- Chapter02.Structural Design Using STAAD PRO
- staad pro 3
- Staad Excelents
- STAAD.pro V8i Manual 2014
- Workshop STAAD FINAL.pptx
- Staad Pro Notes
- STAADPro.pdf
- STAAD PRO TUTORIAL
- Application of STAAD Pro Earthquake Engineering
- Staad Tutorial

You are on page 1of 72

Carlos Aguera

Agenda

The following are the topics to be covered in this workshop of STAAD.Pro Tips and Tricks 1) Macros and OpenSTAAD

2) Stage Construction

3) Foundations 4) Buckling Analysis 5) Angle Profiles

|2

Objective

To create a macro to review the results of a model and display the maximum displacement from a user selection of nodes.

Create a VBA project Create and use an OpenSTAAD Object Test STAAD.Pro is open and a model loaded.

Display a dialog with results in STAAD.Pro

|4

OpenSTAAD

What is OpenSTAAD?

ASCII

Input data (*.STD) Output data (*.ANL)

Binary

Results (*.BMD, REA, DSP..)

External using ANY suitable environment (but STAAD.Pro must be running locally in the background)

|5

To Create: Menu, Edit>Create New VB Macro Menu, Edit>Edit Existing VB Macro

|6

Open the STAAD example file, EXAMP08.STD Start a new VB Macro project from the menu Edit>Create New VB Macro Navigate to My Documents, enter the file name:BE Together 2011.VBS and click New

|7

'Create an instance of OpenSTAAD Object.

Sub Main () Dim oStd As Object Set oStd = GetObject(,"StaadPro.OpenSTAAD") .. Set oStd = Nothing Exit Sub

|8

Add a break point by clicking on in the grey column to the right of the line:Set oStd = Nothing Run the macro by clicking on the green arrow

|9

Add the following after the line that creates the OpenSTAAD object: Dim stdFile As String oStd.GetSTAADFile(stdFile,"TRUE") If stdFile = "" Then MsgBox "This macro can only be run with a valid STAAD file loaded.", vbOkOnly Set oStd = Nothing Exit Sub End If oStd.GetSTAADFile(stdFile,"TRUE") is the first use of the OpenSTAAD object created in the previous step.

| 10

Add a break point by clicking on in the grey column to the right of the line:oStd.GetSTAADFile(stdFile, "TRUE") Run the macro by clicking on the green arrow Click on the Step Over icon on the toolbar and hover over the text stdFile. This should display the file name and path of the currently open STAAD file.

| 11

Add the following after the End If test to see if a file is loaded: Dim i as Integer Dim LCases As Integer Dim lstLoadNums() As Long Dim lstLoads() As String LCases = oStd.Load.GetPrimaryLoadCaseCount() ReDim lstLoadNums(LCases) ReDim lstLoads(LCases) oStd.Load.GetPrimaryLoadCaseNumbers lstLoadNums For i =0 To LCases-1 lstLoads(i)= CStr(lstLoadNums(i)) &" : " & oStd.Load.GetLoadCaseTitle(lstLoadNums(i)) Next i

| 12

Add the following after the units: Dim nResult As Integer Dim LCName As String Dim LoadCase As Long

Then with the cursor located after these click on the Edit User Dialog icon on the toolbar to add a dialog

| 13

Adding controls

Add OK and Cancel buttons

Add a text string, Double click on it and change the caption to Load Case Click on the >> button and change the caption of the dialog box to Select Load Case

Click on the List box icon and add it onto the dialog box, resize it so that it better fits the space. Click on the Save and Exit Icon.

| 14

Note how the new commands have been added

To

ListBox 40,49,320,70,lstLoads(),.ListBox1

| 15

To find out if a button was pressed change the line: Dialog dlg

To

nResult = Dialog (dlg)

Add the following immediately after: If nResult <> -1 Then Set oStd = Nothing Exit Sub End If

| 16

If the cancel was not pressed, then the selected item in the list should be converted to the load case using the following: LoadCase = lstLoadNums(dlg.ListBox1) LCName =lstLoads(dlg.ListBox1)

| 17

Dim NumSelectedNodes As Long Dim SelNodeArray() As Long NumSelectedNodes = oStd.Geometry.GetNoOfSelectedNodes ( )

If NumSelectedNodes >0 Then ReDim SelNodeArray(NumSelectedNodes) oStd.Geometry.GetSelectedNodes ( SelNodeArray, 1) Else MsgBox Please Select Nodes, vbOkOnly Endif

| 18

Define the following variables after the check to make sure that there are indeed some nodes selected: Dim j as Integer Dim NodeNo As Long Dim DisplArray(6) As Double Dim MaxDisplArray(6) As Double Dim NodeArray(6) As String

Then.

| 19

Add the following to get the displacement data: For i=0 To NumSelectedNodes-1 NodeNo = SelNodeArray(i) oStd.Output.GetNodeDisplacements (NodeNo, LoadCase, DisplArray()) For j= 0 To 5 If Abs(DisplArray(j)) > Abs(MaxDisplArray(j)) Then MaxDisplArray(j)= DisplArray(j) NodeArray(j)="N" & CStr(NodeNo) End If Next j Next i

| 20

Add the following after the loop to build the name array

Dim unit As Integer Dim DispLabel As String unit=oStd.GetBaseUnit Select Case unit Case 1 DispLabel="in" Case 2 DispLabel="met" Case Else DispLabel="???" End Select

| 21

Create a new dialog box, dlg2, called Max Deflection

Add an OK button and 14 text strings: Text, "Load case:" Text, LCName Text,"X:, Text,"Y:, Text,"Z:" Text, CStr(MaxDisplArray(0)), Text, CStr(MaxDisplArray(1)), Text, CStr(MaxDisplArray(2)) Text, X DispLabel, Text, Y DispLabel, Text, Z DispLabel Text, NodeArray(0), Text, NodeArray(1), Text, NodeArray(2)

| 22

The dialog should be arranged thus:-

| 23

Click on the menu item Tools>Configure User Tools.

Click on the icon New, and add the text Max Deflection to the name. Click on the button to the right of the Command string and navigate to the My Documents folder and select the BE Together macro

| 24

Sample

| 25

2) Stage Construction

Objective

To create a model where the results of loading in 2 construction stages are combined

| 27

Stages

Stage 1 - Initial Stage 2 - Final

| 28

Philosophy

When considering stage construction, it is very important that the matrix for the initial model includes every DOF that will be active at some point. Each model/construction stage should be completed with an analysis and CHANGE command. Inactive members do not reduce the matrix size, but may leave nodes disconnected and warnings reported. Supports and releases can be changed for each stage With multiple models SET NL needs to be defined.

| 29

Example

Objective

To analyse a model built in 2 stages and combining the forces from both stages.

Open file Examp08mod.STD Open the model in the Editor Run the analysis

Note warning messages

| 30

Notes

Load cases are unique in all models/stages, e.g. if load case 1 for say dead loads exists in the initial model, then it should not appear again in one of the other stages. An alternative load case number should be selected

The GUI will display members which are INACTIVE as they may be active in some load cases, but not others.

| 31

Notes

If a self weight command is used in the different stages and the results combined, then this will include self weight on members in each of the stages. Consider the use of assigning self weight to only members added during that stage. The Member Query dialog does not display bending moments on members that are inactive in one or more load cases!

| 32

3) Foundation

Objective

To understand the methods available of accounting for a pad foundation as supports for a STAAD.Pro model

Supports

Point

Traditional Spring Multi-linear spring Foundation

Surface

Elastic Mat Plate Mat

STAAD.Foundation

| 34

Analytical Supports

Basic

Fixed, Pinned

Spring

Fixed But Multi-linear spring

Sub-grade modulus

Foundation Support

Compression Only Springs

| 35

Objective: Model a Pin support on compressible soil

Click on Create and on the Fixed But sheet and enter: KFY 100 kip/in Release directions MX, MY, MZ

Run the analysis

| 36

Objective: 3 bands of soil below foundation,

10 inches of 100 kips/in 10 inches of 200 kips/in 10 inches of 500 kips/in

Run the analysis Vertical displacement N2, -14.675 inch

| 37

Objective

2ft x 3ft pads under columns with soil subgrade of 100 kip/ft2/ft

Open file Foundation 3.STD go to page General>Support Create and assign the Foundation support defined as above Run the analysis Vertical Displacement N2, -7.493 inch

| 38

Enforced Supports

Prescribed Displacements

Used as a in load cases where there is a given displacement

Mass Modelling,

Missing Mass

| 39

Objective

Prescribe a 0.5 inch Z displacement in load case #2 at Node 13

Assign to node 13

Define a 0.5 inch Support Displacement Load in load case #2 and assign to node 13 Run the analysis

| 40

Surface Supports

Elastic Mat

Assign to a selection of nodes Issues with inclusive angles

Plate Mat

Assign to a selection of plates

| 41

Objective

Create and assign a PLATE MAT in Y with a sub grade of 100 kip/ft2/ft (initially non directional)

Assign to all plates

| 42

Change support to Compression Only

Note iterative solution

Upward displacement

| 43

Foundation Design

STAAD.Foundation

Standalone or Integrated

Plant Mode

2 specialist tools

Toolkit Mode

6 specialist tools:-

| 44

Open Foundation 6.STD

Set

All Supports Include all load cases

Launch STAAD.Foundation

| 45

General Info

All Isolated US English

Design

View the calculation sheets View the GA Drawing

| 46

4) Buckling Analysis

Objective

To understand the methods and principals of the buckling analysis in STAAD.Pro

Standard Engine

Load Factor

Advanced Engine

Buckling Modes

Can identify buckling by monitoring deformations due to incremental addition of loading

| 48

Standard Solver

Iterative elastic

Initial analysis establishes basic stiffness matrix, forces/deflections Both the large delta effects and the small delta effects are calculated. These terms are the terms of the Kg matrix which are multiplied by the estimated BF (buckling factor) and then added to the global stiffness matrix K.

| 49

Advanced Solver

First, the primary deflections are calculated by linear static analysis based on the provided external loading. Primary deflections are used to calculate member axial forces. These forces are used to calculate geometric stiffness terms. Both the large delta effects and the small delta effects for members are calculated. These terms are the terms of the Kg matrix. An eigenvalue problem is formed. | [ K ] - BFi*[ Kg ] | = 0 STAAD.Pro reports up to 4 buckling factors (BF) and associated buckling mode shapes calculated.

| 50

The geometric non-linearity can be accounted for in the analysis by updating the global stiffness matrix and the global geometric stiffness matrix [K+Kg] on every step based on the deformed position.

The deformations significantly alter the location or distribution of loads, such that equilibrium equations must be written with respect to the deformed geometry, which is not known in advance.

| 51

Buckling Analysis

For an ideal column, the critical axial load is defined as:-

Pcr

B = D = 1m, L = 10m

E = 2.17*10^7 kN/m^3

2 EI

L

2

| 52

Objective

Confirmation of Euler Buckling load on a simple column.

Run the analysis and view the output file:-

| 53

Close the model and activate the Advanced Analysis Engine license Re-open the file and run the analysis

| 54

Objective

To view buckling shapes of a pinned arch

Simple arch

Pinned support

Lateral restraint at crown Point load applied at crown

| 55

Close any open model and check that the Advanced Analysis Engine License is set. Open file Arch Buckling.STD

Go to the Post-Processing Mode>Buckling Page.

May be necessary to reset the Mode Shape scale using Structure Diagrams>Scales

| 56

Buckling Factors

7.002 16.302 24.925 (*) 40.018

| 57

Buckling Factors

7.002 16.302 24.925 (*) 40.018

| 58

Buckling Factors

7.002 16.302 24.925 (*) 40.018

| 59

Buckling Factors

7.002 16.302 24.925 (*) 40.018

| 60

Alternative Solutions

Define model as PLANE

Arch Buckling planeframe.STD

Arch Buckling restrained.STD

| 61

5) Angles

Objective

To understand the correct use of analysis and design of angle profiles in STAAD.Pro to AISC 360-05

Geometric and Principal Angles Standard and User Profiles Design issues

| 63

Technical Reference 1.5.2 - Local coordinate system

A local coordinate system is associated with each member. Each axis of the local orthogonal coordinate system is also based on the right hand rule. Fig. 1.5 shows a beam member with start joint 'i' and end joint 'j'. The positive direction of the local x-axis is determined by joining 'i' to 'j' and projecting it in the same direction. The right hand rule may be applied to obtain the positive directions of the local y and z axes. The local y and z-axes coincide with the axes of the two principal moments of inertia. Note that the local coordinate system is always rectangular.

| 64

Axes

Principal ----------- Geometric --------------------

| 65

ST and RA Specifications

ST specification, Z-Z axis is weak axis bending RA specification, Z-Z axis is strong axis bending

| 66

BETA command

5.26.2 Specifying Constants for Members and Elements

| 67

User profiles

Menu: Tools>Create User Table Type:- Angle

R, minor axis radius of gyration

| 68

Example

Objective

To see effect of point load on end of cantilevers formed from angle sections

Open file Angle.STD Assign a 1 kip point load to the free ends of all the cantilevers Run the analysis and view the end displacements

| 69

Example (continued)

Member 1, bending about weak principal axis (ST)

Large vertical end displacement only

Small vertical end displacement only

Resolve into principal axes

| 70

Design Issues

Typically angles are used as axial only members, i.e. TRUSS

AISC 360-05

Section E Design of Members for Compression,

E5 Single angle compression members (p35)

F10 Single Angles (p58)

G4 Single Angles (p68)

| 71

Compressive strength defined by equations in clause E3 (E7 if slender). Choice of equation E3-2 or E3-3 defined by slenderness, KL/r For Angles, effective slenderness ratios dependent upon L/rx where

rx = radius of gyration about geometric axis parallel to connected leg Un-equal angles STAAD.Pro assumes longer leg (in future will add LEG parameter) Equal angles rx is the same for both legs

| 72

User specified AXIS

1 Principal (default) 2 Geometric (only permitted if with continuous lateral-torsional restraint)

Calculated using Me, the elastic-torsional buckling moment Effective length

Is considered and reported if governing

| 73

Clause G4

The nominal shear strength, Vn, of a single angle leg shall be determined using Equation G2-1

AXIS 1 Principal

Longer leg is used in calculation of Major Shear, Shorter leg is used in calculation of Minor shear Forces are as reported by the analysis engine

AXIS 2 Geometric

Forces are resolved and used in legs as defined above

| 74

Objective

To see effects of AXIS on an angle design

Edit the input file and remove comments from the start of the 2 TRACK commands. Re-run the analysis and view the results

| 75

Summary

1) Macros and OpenSTAAD

Creating a macro using VBA

2) Stage Construction

Using the INACTIVE command

3) Foundations

Analysis and Design

4) Buckling Analysis

Standard and Advanced solver methods and results

5) Angle Profiles

Analysis and design

| 76

Carlos Aguera

- Analysis and Design of Structures-A Practical Guide to Modeling TrevorUploaded byssbbooss
- STAAD PRO tutorialUploaded bysaisssms9116
- STAAD Tutorial - 3Uploaded bysaisssms9116
- STAAD.pro Advanced Training ManualUploaded byShaiju Pv
- staad pro 2007 examplesUploaded bynitishpathak79
- STAAD Foundation Advanced ManualUploaded byMarius Rizea
- STAAD Pro Advanced AnalysisUploaded byGuru Prasad
- staadPROmanualsUploaded byzick099
- staad pro v8i getting startedUploaded byNathaniel Miranda Dagsa Jr
- staad pro manual.pdfUploaded byFarhan Tahir
- Chapter02.Structural Design Using STAAD PROUploaded bySiddharth Chetia
- staad pro 3Uploaded bygs_shopnil
- Staad ExcelentsUploaded byAbdul Hamid Bhatti
- STAAD.pro V8i Manual 2014Uploaded byOwais Ali
- Workshop STAAD FINAL.pptxUploaded bydeepesh3191
- Staad Pro NotesUploaded byAnonymous nwByj9L
- STAADPro.pdfUploaded byRam1028
- STAAD PRO TUTORIALUploaded bysaisssms9116
- Application of STAAD Pro Earthquake EngineeringUploaded byMohit Khatri
- Staad TutorialUploaded bySritoko
- Steel Parameter for StaadPROUploaded bydwip.atmaja
- staad projectUploaded bysaisssms9116
- STAAD Pro BasicUploaded bykardels
- Design Parameters in STAADUploaded byHussain Mir
- staad 4Uploaded bysaisssms9116
- Base Plat Modeling STAAD Pro 2007Uploaded byrobersasmita
- design example of six storey buildingUploaded byJanardhan Cn
- STAADUploaded byWaseq Vasti
- Staad Pro Advanced TrainingUploaded byleodegarioporral

- Beam Deflection FormulaeUploaded by7575757575
- Chapter12 Unrestrained Beam DesignUploaded byGunjan Kolarkar
- Chapter12 Unrestrained Beam DesignUploaded byGunjan Kolarkar
- HhhUploaded byMuhammad Ilyas
- Hot Rolled Cat Issue5 Feb2010Uploaded byHuy Nguyen
- TIS 09 Brickwork Dimensions TablesUploaded byRichard J Floyd
- JOb KSAUploaded byMuhammad Ilyas
- Book 1Uploaded byMuhammad Ilyas
- Explanatory BookletUploaded bykarman
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byMuhammad Ilyas
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byMuhammad Ilyas

- GLOSARIO FLEISCHNERUploaded byDiana Reyes
- DNS-sample Question PaperUploaded byshoebahmeb
- Pizza ToUploaded byMehmetLeventÖzsinan
- cannon lab with rubric 16Uploaded byapi-33768097
- House Cusps - Aux Mailles GodefroyUploaded byAli Raza
- math grade 6 - angles unit planUploaded byapi-242345831
- Supper AlloyUploaded bySuriyachai Niamsorn
- Catalog Amd,Amg, AfgUploaded byStroe George
- Brown 1985Uploaded bycmkoh
- ManualUploaded bysamh1080
- CyanideMethodPicricAcid1Uploaded byFerudun Akyol
- The influence of the gears geometry on value of the force acting on tooth of HCR gearsUploaded byJames Marks
- UFR II for IR7086_ IR7105 Service ManualUploaded bymohammed
- Langbeinite ProcessingUploaded byPınar Eroğlu
- grade 7 science chapter 6 notesUploaded byapi-238589602
- Wind Exposure CategoriesUploaded byShadin Asari Arabani
- 1809-9777-iao-20-04-00294Uploaded bykaisarxxx
- Tutorial en Ingles de SatmasterUploaded byGladys Quispe Loza
- Diffusion NotesUploaded byVictoria Rolfe
- Add Maths ProjectUploaded byJane Tan
- Differential EqationsUploaded byDeepanshu Sehgal
- Work and EnergyUploaded byspreemouse
- trtrUploaded byFakunle Mobolaji Johnson Lebosh
- Analysis of MIMO OFDM Based WiMax System With LPDC-IJAERDV04I0265311Uploaded byEditor IJAERD
- 1720.1-2010_A2-2011Uploaded byHebert Rodriguez
- epithermal_vein_story-jan232006.pdfUploaded byrandom person
- Figure 3Uploaded byFarisda
- Capacitors - ABBUploaded bynmintu
- Applications of StacksUploaded byaadityakrjain
- OpenModelica Users GuideUploaded byNelson Andrade