Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

Gii thiu HSDPA

ISSUE 1.0
www.huawei.com

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Kh Khi nim v HSDPA 2. Cc k thut cho HSDPA

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page1

WCDMA Evolution

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Phin bn 99 D liu gi
D liu gi c x l th no trong phin bn 99 (FDD)
DCH ( Knh c gn ) M tri ph c gn cho mi ngi dng Vng iu khin cng sut kn Chuyn giao mm

FACH ( Knh chung )


M tri ph chung Khng c vng iu khin cng sut kn Khng c chuyn giao mm

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Release 99 Downlink Limitation


Dedicated Channel Features ( DCH )
Maximum implemented downlink of 384kbps OVSF code limitation for high data rate users Rate switching according to burst throughput is slow Outer loop power control responds slowly to channel

Common Channel Features ( FACH )


Good for burst data application Only low data rates supported Fixed transmit power

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)


The differences between HSDPA and R99
Set of high data rate channel Channels are shared by multiple users Each user may be assigned all or part of the resource every 2 ms

HS-PDSCH

Node B

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)


How will HSDPA figure out the limitations of R99
Adaptive modulation and coding
Fast feedback of Channel condition QPSK and16QAM Channel coding rate from 1/3 to 1

Multi-code operation
Multiple codes allocated per user Fixed spreading factor

NodeB fast Scheduling


Physical Layer HARQ ( Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest )

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)


Comparison Summary

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page7

Contents
1. HSDPA Concepts 2. HSDPA Key Techniques

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

HSDPA Key Techniques


Block 1 Block 1 Block 2

Block 1?

Block 1 +

AMC (Adaptive Modulation & Coding) Data rate adapted to radio condition on 2ms

HARQ

request

Hybrid automatic repeat with Soft combing

Block 1?

Fast Scheduling based on CQI and fairness Scheduling of user on 2ms

Reduce round trip time

SF16, 2ms and CDM/TDM Dynamic shared in Time and code domain

16QAM 16QAM in complement to QPSK for higher peak bit rates

3 New Physical Channels

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

Adaptive Modulation and Coding ( AMC )


AMC ( Adaptive Modulation and Coding ) based on CQI ( Channel Quality Indicator )
Adjust data rate to compensation channel condition
Good channel condition higher data rate Bad channel condition lower data rate

Adjust channel coding rate to compensation channel condition


Good channel condition channel coding rate is higher e.g. 3/4 Bad channel condition channel coding rate is lower e.g. 1/3

Adjust the modulation scheme to compensation channel condition


Good channel condition high order modulation scheme e.g. 16QAM Bad channel condition low order modulation scheme e.g. QPSK
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page10

Adaptive Modulation and Coding ( AMC )


AMC ( Adaptive Modulation and Coding ) based on CQI ( Channel Quality Indicator )
CQI ( channel quality indicator )
UE measures the channel quality and reports to NodeB every 2ms or more cycle NodeB selects modulation scheme ,data block size based on CQI
Power Control Rate Adaptation

More power

Bad channel condition Good channel condition

Bad channel condition

less power

Node B

low data rate

Good channel condition

Node B

high data rate


Page11

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

CQI mapping table for UE category 10


CQI value
0 1 2 13 14 15 16 17 18 28 29 30

Transport Block Size


N/A 137 173 2279 2583 3319 3565 4189 4664 23370 24222 25558

Number of HSHS-PDSCH

Modulation
Out of range

Reference power adjustment

1 1 4 4 5 5 5 5 15 15 15

QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK 1616-QAM 1616-QAM 1616-QAM 1616-QAM 1616-QAM 1616-QAM

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page12

HSDPA UE Categories
UE Category Maximum Number of HSDSCH Codes Received 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 10 15 15 5 5 Minimum InterTTI Interval Maximum Number of Bits of an HS-DSCH Transport Block Received Within an HS-DSCH TTI 7298 7298 7298 7298 7298 7298 14411 14411 20251 27952 3630 3630 Total Number of Soft Channel Bits

Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5 Category 6 Category 7 Category 8 Category 9 Category 10 Category 11 Category 12

3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

19200 28800 28800 38400 57600 67200 115200 134400 172800 172800 14400 28800

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ( HARQ )


Conventional ARQ
In a conventional ARQ scheme, received data blocks that can not be correctly decoded are discarded and retransmitted data blocks are separately decoded

Hybrid ARQ
In case of Hybrid ARQ with soft combining, received data blocks that can not be correctly decoded are not discarded. Instead the corresponding received signal is buffered and soft combined with later received retransmission of information bits. Decoding is then applied to the combined signal.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page14

Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ( HARQ )


Example for HARQ

The use of HARQ with soft combining increases the effective received Eb/Io for each retransmission and thus increases the probability for correct decoding of retransmissions, compare to conventional ARQ
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page15

Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ( HARQ )


There are many different schemes for HARQ with soft combining. These scheme differ in the structure of retransmissions and in the way by which the soft combining is carried out at the receiver
In case of Chase combining ( CC ) each retransmission is an identical copy of the original transmission In case of Incremental Redundancy ( IR ) each retransmission may add new redundancy

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ( HARQ )


Example for Chase Combining ( CC ) Scheme

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ( HARQ )


Example for Incremental Redundancy ( IR ) Scheme

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

Fast Scheduling
Fast scheduling is about to decided to which terminal the shared channel transmission should be directed at any given moment

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

10

Short TTI (2ms)


Shorter TTI ( Transmission Time Interval ) is to reduce RTT ( round trip time ) Shorter TTI is necessary to benefit from other functionalities such as AMC, scheduling algorithm and HARQ

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

Shared Channel Transmission


In HSDPA, a new DL transport channel is introduced call HS-DSCH. The idea is that a part of the total downlink code resource is dynamically shared between a set of HSDPA users

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

11

Shared Channel Transmission


The codes are assigned to HSDPA user only when they are actually to be used for transmission, which leads to efficient code and power utilization
All channelization codes available for H SD PA

C hannelization code Tim e

U E1 data

U E2 data

U E3 data

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page22

Higher-Order Modulation

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

12

HSDPA New Physical Channels

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

HSDPA Physical Layer Channels


New HSDPA Channels
High Speed Downlink shared Channel ( HS-DSCH )
Downlink Transport Channel

High Speed Shared Control Channel ( HS-SCCH )


Downlink Control Channel

High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel ( HS-PDSCH )


Downlink Physical Channel

High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel ( HS-DPCCH )


Uplink Control Channel

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

13

Theoretical HSDPA Maximum Data Rate


Theoretical HSDPA Maximum data rate is 14.4Mbps How do we get to 14.4Mbps ?
Multi-code transmission
NodeB must allocate all 15 OVSF codes ( SF =16 ) to one UE

Consecutive assignments using multiple HARQ process


NodeB must allocate all time slots to one UE UE must decode all transmission correctly on the first transmission

Low channel coding gain


Effective code rate = 1 Requires very good channel conditions to decode

16QAM
Requires very good channel condition
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page26

Implementation of MAC-hs
Coding and modulation Code allocation Code available TFRC

CQI Value Stat. Of ACK/NACK ACK/NACK HS-DPCCH CQI adjustment demodulation and decode CQI Value Queue filling info Power limitation

Waiting time

HARQ

OM parameters
Queue priority

Scheduler

Power management
Power for HSDPA

Queues/flow control

power monitor

Data flow
SRNC(MAC-d)
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Control signal
Page27

14

Thank You

15