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Matematik Pengurusan

Matematik Pengurusan

BAB 6 : APLIKASI PEMBEZAAN Latihan 6.1 1) Find the second degree differentiation a) y = 4 x 3 12 x 2 + 6 x + 2 y(x) =
3( 4 x 31 ) 2(12 x 21 ) + 6 x11 + 2

2)

Find the third degree differentiation a) y = 4x 2 y(x) = 2( 4 x 21 ) = 8 x1 1 y(x) = 8 x1 =8 y(x) = 0 b) y = 4 x 12 x + 6 x + 24 y(x) =


3 2

Latihan 6.2 1) If the production cost for one unit product are RM10, while its fixed cost are RM5,000 a) Find the cost function = Fixed Cost + x (Per Unit Cost) = 5,000 + 10x b) What is the total cost for producing 200 units of the above product? = 5,000 + 10(200) = 5,000 + 2,000 = RM7,000 Derive the average cost function, C ( x ) C ( x) 5,000 +10 x = = = x x
5,000 +10 x

= 12 x 2 24 x1 + 6 y(x) = 2(12 x 21 ) 24 x11 +6 = 24 x 24 b) y= = 2 x 2 y(x)


1 2)( 2 x 2 ) = (

3( 4 x 31 ) 2(12 x 21 ) + 6 x11 + 0

2 x2

= 12 x 2 24 x1 + 6 y(x) = 2(12 x 21 ) 24 x11 +6 = 24 x 24 y(x) = 24 x11 0 = 24


)

c)

4 x 3 ) = (

3)( 4x y(x) = (

3 1

c) y(x)

= 12 x 12 = 4 x

y = 2 x + x +1 = 1(2 x 11 ) + 2( x 21 ) + 0
2

d)

= 2x

+ 2x

Determine the ultimate total cost function (pembezaan 1 darjah),


C ' ( x)

1 2)( 2 x 21 ) +2 x1 y(x) = (

= 4 x 3 + 2 3)( 4 x 31 ) +0 y(x) = ( = 12 x 4 12 = 4 x
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C ( x )( x )

5000 +10 ( x ) x = 5000 +10 x = 0 +10 x11

= 10

Matematik Pengurusan

Matematik Pengurusan

c) 3) 2) a) = Suppose the average total cost function


100000 +1500 + 0.2q is C (q ) = q
2

Given the total cost function is C(q) =


q + 3q + 400 4

What is the quantity which has to be produced so that the average total cost in minimised?
C '( q )

Obtain the total cost function


C ( q )(q )

a)

Obtain the function, C ( q )


C (q) (q) q2 + 3q + 400 = 4 q

average

cost

= 4 + q2
1 400

400

100000 +1500 + 0.2q )(q ) =( q = 100000 +1500q + 0.2q 2

0 = 4 + q2
400 1 = q2 4
q 2 = 1600

b)

Derive the marginal total cost function, C ' ( q ) = 0 +1500q 11 + 2(0.2q 21 ) = 1500 +0.4q Determine the rate of change for cost of producing 10 units of the product, C ' ( q ) = 1500 + 0.4(10) = 1500 + 4 = 1504

q = 1600 = 40 unit

c)

q 2 1 3q 400 = + 4 xq + q q q 400 = 4 +3 + q

b)

Derive the ultimate total cost function, C ' ( x )


q + 3 + 400q 1 4 q 11 + 0 + 400q 11 = 4 1 2 = + 400q 4 1 400 = 4 + q2

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Matematik Pengurusan

Matematik Pengurusan

b) b) 4) Elyana trading supplies attire to the supermarkets in North Peninsula. The company annual cost is given by a function
C= 15 + 0.15q + 200 , where q is quantity q

(in dozen) and C (in RM thousand) is the total cost in a year a) What is the quantity which minimses the total cost?
C ( x) = 15q 1 + 0.15q + 200 C ' ( x) = ( 1)(15q 11 ) +0.15q 11 +0 = ( 15q 2 ) + 0.15 0 = ( 15q 2 ) + 0.15
2 15q -0.15 =

What is the minimum total cost = ( 15q 2 ) + 0.15 1 2)( 15q 2 ) = ( 3 = 30q 300 300 = q3 = >0 10 3 Oleh itu, total cost have a minimun value wen q = 10 dozen
C ' ( x) C ' ' ( x)

What the quantity which has to be produced so that the average cost is minimsed?
C (q)

2500 + 75 + 0.25q q = 2500q 1 + 75 + 0.25q

C ' (q)

=
1( 2500q 11 ) + 0 + 0.25q 11

= 2500q 2 +0.25 0 = 2500q 2 +0.25 -0.25 =


2500 q2 2500 q2 = 0.25

C (10) = q + 0.15q + 200 =


15 + 0.15(10) + 200 10

15

= 1.5 + 1.5 + 200 = 203 = RM203,000 5) The total production cost of a cosmetics product is C = 2500 + 75q + 0.25q 2 a) Find the average total cost quantity, C ( q ) = =
C (q) (q)
2500 + 75q + 0.25q 2 q

= 10,000 q = 10,000 = 100 unit

-0.15 = q 2
q2 =

15

c)

= 100 q = 100

15 0.15

= 10 dozen

What is total cost at the production level which minimises the average total cost? C = 2500 + 75q + 0.25q 2 = 2500 + 75(100) + 0.25(100) 2 = 2500 + 7500 + 2,500 = RM12,500

2500 75q 0.25q 2 + + q q q 2500 = q + 75 + 0.25q

Latihan 6.3
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Matematik Pengurusan

Matematik Pengurusan

2) 1) The demand function of a health product is given a function


p = 0.001q 2 +840

a)

Obtain the total function, R(q) = pq = (0.001q 2 +840)(q ) = 0.001q 3 +840q


R(q) q 3 0.001q +840q = q 3 0.001q 840q + = q q

revenue

Given the total demand function, p(x) = 2 0.01x , where p is the unit price in thousand RM and x is the quantity of the item, a) Find the total revenue function, R(x) = px = (2 0.01x)( x ) = 2 x 0.01x 2 b) Determine the price mazimises the total revenue which

Latihan 6.4 1) A company has an average total cost function of K = 4 +100q 1 . The demand equation is given by function p = 54 q , where p is the unit price (RM) and q is the quantity a) Derive the revenue function, R(x) = pq = (54 q )(q ) = 54q q 2 b) Determine the cost function, K ( q ) = K ( q )(q ) = (4 +100q 1 )(q ) = 4q +100
(q ) c) Obtain the profit function, = R(x) - K ( q ) = (54q q 2 ) - (4q +100) = 54q q 2 4q 100 = 50q q 2 100

b)

Derive the average total revenue cost function,

Step 1 : Find the ultimate total revenue function, R(x) = 2 x11 (2)(0.01x 21 ) = 2 0.02x Step 2 : Find value when R(x) = 0 0 = 2 0.02x 0.02x = 2 x = 2 0.02 = 100 Step 3 : Find the price = 2 0.01x = 2 (0.01 x 100) =21 =1 = RM1,000

= 0.001q 2 +840 c) Determine the marginal total revenue function, R(q) = 3(0.001q 31 ) +840q 11 = 0.003q 2 +840

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Matematik Pengurusan

Matematik Pengurusan

d) Find the price for which the company will maximise its profit, by using differentiaiton method ( q ) = 50q q 2 100
d = 50q 11 2( q 21 ) 0 dq = 50 2q

(300 x x 2 ) (0.1x 2 +14 x +100)

= 300 x x 2 0.1x 2 14 x 100 = 286 x 1.1x 2 100 c) Determine the quantity which maximise the profit ( q ) = 286 x 1.1x 2 100 So, the quantity is
d = 286 x11 2(1.1x 21 ) 0 dq

When dq = 0 0 = 50 2q 2q = 50 q = 50 2 = 25 So, p = 54 q = 54 25 = RM29 2) The demand function pf a local product is p = 300 x and the cost function is C(x) = 0.1x 2 +14 x +100 a) Obtain the total revenue function, R(x) = px = (300 x)(x) = 300 x x 2

= 286 2.2 x 0 = 286 2.2 x 2.2x = 286 x = 286 2.2 = 130 unit d) Calculate the price at which the profit is macimised So, the price is p = 300 x = 300 130 = RM170 e) Find the value of the maximum profit ( q ) = 286 x 1.1x 2 100 = 286(130) 1.1(130)2 100 = RM18,490

(q ) b) Derive the total profit function, = R(x) - C(x)


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