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Ry

L 2L

– Rx T 12.0°

2 3

350 N

Let Rx = compression force along spine, and from ∑Fx = 0,

T1 T2

–T1 cos θ1 + T2 cos θ2 = 0

θt11 T3 θt22

cos θ1

or T2 = T

cos θ2 1

If θ1 = θ2,

then T 2 = T 1

T1

Using the second diagram and ∑Fy gives:

θ11

t T3

T1 sin 8.00° – mg = 0 so

200 N

T1 = = 1.44 kN

sin 8.00°

Then, T 2 = T 1 = 1.44 kN

400 N

(200 N) sin 37.0°

T3 = (1.44 kN) cos 8.00° = 1.42 kN

12.53 (a) Locate the origin at the bottom left corner of the h

cabinet and let x = distance between the resultant

f

normal force and the front of the cabinet. Then we

n

have

60.0 cm

2 Chapter 12 Solutions

From (3), x = = 20.1 cm to the left of the front edge.

280

Then from (1), µk = = 0.571

280

(b) In this case, locate the origin x = 0 at the bottom right corner of the cabinet. Since the

cabinet is about to tip, we can use Στ = 0 to find h:

120

h= = 0.501 m

300 cos 37.0°

12.54 (a) & (b) Use the first diagram and sum the torques about the lower front corner of the

cabinet.

0.300 m F’

φ

F

θ

400 N

1.00 m

1.00 m 400 N

θ

f

f n

n 0.600 m

(400 N)(0.300 m)

yielding F = = 120 N

1.00 m

f 120 N

Thus, µs = = = 0.300

n 400 N

(c) Apply F' at the upper rear corner and directed so θ + φ = 90.0° to obtain the largest

possible lever arm.

θ = tan–1

1.00 m

= 59.0°

0.600 m

Chapter 12 Solutions 3

Sum the torques about the lower front corner of the cabinet:

120 N · m

so F' = = 103 N

1.17 m

103 N applied at 31.0° above the horizontal at the upper left corner .

12.55 (a) Just three forces act on the rod: forces perpendicular to the sides of the trough at A and B,

and its weight. The lines of action of A and B will intersect at

a point above the rod. They will have no torque about this

point. The rod’s weight will cause a torque about the point of

intersection as in Figure 1, and the rod will not be in

equilibrium unless the center of the rod lies vertically below B

the intersection point, as in Figure 2. All three forces must be

A Fg

concurrent. Then the line of action of the weight is a diagonal

of the rectangle formed by the trough and the normal forces,

and the rod's center of gravity is vertically above the bottom O

of the trough.

— —

(b) In Figure 2, AO cos 30.0° = BO cos 60.0° and

L2 = AO 2 + BO 2 = AO 2 + AO 2 2

— — — — cos2 30.0°

B

cos 60.0°

Fg

— A θ

AO = L/ 1 + cos2 30.0°/cos2 60.0° = L/2 30.0° 60.0°

O

—

So cos θ = AO /L = 1/2 and θ = 60.0°

12.56 (1) ph = I ω

ω

(2) p = MvCM p

h vCM

If the ball rolls without slipping, R ω = vCM

Iω Iω I 2

So, h = = = = R

p MvCM MR 5

4 Chapter 12 Solutions

12.57 (a) We can use ∑Fx = ∑Fy = 0 and ∑τ = 0 with pivot point at

the contact on the floor.

P

T

Then ∑Fx = T – µsn = 0, L/2

∑Fy = n – Mg – mg = 0, and

Mg

L/2

∑τ = Mg(L cos θ) + mg cos θ – T(L sin θ) = 0

L

2 mg

n

θ

Solving the above equations gives

f

M=

2 cos θ – µs sin θ

(b) At the floor, we have the normal force in the y-direction and frictional force in the

x-direction. The reaction force then is

2

R= n + (µsn)2 = (M + m)g 1 + µs

2

F= T2 + (Mg)2 = g M 2 + µs (M + m)2

Goal Solution

G: The solution to this problem is not as obvious as some other problems because there are three

independent variables that affect the maximum mass M. We could at least expect that more

mass can be supported for higher coefficients of friction (µs), larger angles (θ), and a more

massive beam (m).

O: Draw a free-body diagram, apply Newton’s second law, and sum torques to find the unknown

forces for this statics problem.

A: ( a ) Use ∑Fx = ∑Fy = ∑τ = 0 and choose the origin at the point of contact on the floor to

simplify the torque analysis.

∑Fx = 0: T – µsn = 0

∑Fy = 0: n – Mg – mg = 0

Chapter 12 Solutions 5

L

From ∑τ = 0, Mg (cos θ)L + mg (cos θ) – T (sin θ)L = 0

2

Substituting for T , we get M =

2 cos θ – µs sin θ

Notice that this result does not depend on L, which is reasonable since the center of mass

of the beam is proportional to the length of the beam.

(b) At the floor, we see that the normal force is in the y direction and frictional force is in

the x direction. The reaction force of the floor on the beam opposes these two forces and

is

2

R= n2 + (µsn)2 = g(M + m) 1 + µ s

2

F= T2 + (Mg)2 = g M 2 + µs (M + m)2

L: The answer to this problem is certainly more complex than most problems. We can see that

the maximum mass M that can be supported is proportional to m, but it is not clear from the

solution that M increases proportional to µs and θ as predicted. To further examine the

solution to part (a), we could graph or calculate the ratio M/m as a function of for several

reasonable values of µs ranging from 0.5 to 1.0. Since the mass values must be positive, we

find that only angles from about 40 to 60 are possible for this scenario (which explains why

we don’t encounter this precarious configuration very often!).

1000 N

(10.0 m) sin 30.0° = 5.00 m

B

The length of bar BC is then 10.0 m

nA nC

— 30.0° 45.0°

BC = 5.00 m/sin 45.0° = 7.07 m

A C

∑Fy = nA – 1000 N + nC = 0

∑τA = –(1000 N)10.0 cos 30.0° + nC[10.0 cos 30.0° + 7.07 cos 45.0°] = 0

6 Chapter 12 Solutions

(b) Suppose that a bar exerts on a pin a force not along the length of

the bar. Then, the pin exerts on the bar a force with a component

perpendicular to the bar. The only other force on the bar is the

pin force on the other end. For ∑F = 0, this force must also have a

component perpendicular to the bar. Then, the total torque on the

bar is not zero. The contradiction proves that the bar can only

exert forces along its length.

(c) Joint A:

CAB

∑Fy = 0: –CAB sin 30.0° + 366 N = 0,

A

TAC

so CAB = 732 N

nA = 366 N

1000 N

B

30.0° 45.0°

Joint B:

CAB = 732 N CBC

∑Fx = 0: (732 N) cos 30.0° – CBC cos 45.0° = 0

CBC = = 897 N

cos 45.0°

1

cos θ = and θ = 75.5°

4

Ry Ry

1.00 m

Rx Rx 2.00 m

686 N

3.00 m

2.00 m

T T

nA nB

θ 2.00 m θ

A B

(1) ∑Fx = T – Rx = 0

(3) ∑τtop = (686 N)(1.00 cos 75.5°) + T(2.00 sin 75.5°) – nA(4.00 cos 75.5°) = 0

Chapter 12 Solutions 7

∑Fx = Rx – T = 0

(4) ∑Fy = nB – Ry = 0

(a) T = 133 N

∑mixi

12.60 (a) xCG =

∑mi

= = 9.09 m

1375 kg

yCG =

1375 kg

= 10.9 m

vCG =

10.0 m – 9.09 m

(c) = 0.114 m/s

8.00 s

12.61 Considering the torques about the point at the bottom of the bracket yields:

8 Chapter 12 Solutions

F + n1 + f2 = Fg and F = f1 + f2 f2

n2

As F grows so do f1 and f2

Fg

1

Therefore, since µs = ,

2 f1

n1 n2 n1

f1 = and f2 = = n1

2 2 4

n1 n1 n1 3

F + n1 + = Fg (1) and F= + = n1 (2)

4 2 4 4

5 5 4 8

F+ n = Fg becomes F+ F = Fg or F = Fg

4 1 4 3 3

3

Therefore, F = F

8 g

F ∆L

F = k(∆L), Young's modulus is Y =

FL i

12.63 (a) / =

i

A L A(∆L)

kLi YA

Thus, Y = and k =

A Li

∆L ∆L YA ⌠∆L

⌠ Fdx = – ⌡

W=–⌡ ⌠ (–kx)dx =

L i ⌡0

(b) x dx =

0 0

(∆L) 2

YA

2Li

P1

and their CG is at their contact point.

P3 Fg

∑Fy = 0: +P2 – 3.33 N = 0 P2 = 3.33 N

P2

Substituting,

Chapter 12 Solutions 9

P1 = 1.67 N so P3 = 1.67 N

10 Chapter 12 Solutions

(b) Take the upper ball. The lines of action of its weight, of

P1, and of the normal force n exerted by the lower ball all

go through its center, so for rotational equilibrium there 1.67 N

P1

can be no frictional force.

2.00 m

12.65 ∑Fy = 0: + 380 N – Fg + 320 N = 0

Fg = 700 N

Fy1 Fy2

∑τ = 0: –380 N (2.00 m) + 700 N (x) + 320 N (0) = 0

x = 1.09 m

12.66 The tension in this cable is not uniform, so this becomes a fairly difficult problem.

dL F

=

L ϒA

At any point in the cable, F is the weight of cable below that point. Thus, F = µgy where µ is

the mass per unit length of the cable.

2

⌠ i d L dy = µg ⌠ 1 µgL i

L iL

Then, ∆y = ⌡

ϒ A ⌡0

ydy =

0 L 2 ϒA

1 (2.40)(9.80)(500) 2

∆y = = 0.0490 m = 4.90 cm

2 (2.00 × 10 11)(3.00 × 10 –4)

∆v

F=m

(10.0 – 1.00) m/s

12.67 (a) = (1.00 kg) = 4500 N

∆t 0.002 s

F 4500 N

(b) stress = = = 4.50 × 106 N/m2

A (0.010 m)(0.100 m)

Chapter 12 Solutions 11

12.68 The CG lies above the center of the bottom. Consider a disk of water at height y above the

bottom. Its radius is

y

30.0 cm 3

Its area is π(25.0 cm + y/3)2. Its volume is π(25.0 cm + y/3)2dy and its mass is

πρ(25.0 cm + y/3)2dy. The whole mass of the water is

30.0 cm 30.0 cm

M=⌠

⌡ ⌠

dm = ⌡ πρ (625 + 50.0y/3 + y2/9) dy

y=0 0

30.0

M = πρ [625y + 50.0y2/6 + y3/27]0

30.0 cm

⌠

yCG = ⌡ y dm/M

y=0

30.0 cm

= πρ ⌠

⌡ (625y + 50.0y2/3 + y3/9)dy/M

0

πρ 30.0 cm

= [625y2/2 + 50.0y3/9 + y4/36]0

M

πρ

= [625(30.0)2/2 + 50.0(30.0)3/9 + (30.0)4/36]

M

π(10–3 kg/cm3)

= [453750 cm4]

M

1.43 × 103 kg ⋅ cm

yCG = = 16.7 cm

85.6 kg

H

L

12.69 (a) If the acceleration is a, we have P x = ma d

and Py + n – Fg = 0. Taking the origin at the

center of gravity, the torque equation gives

CG

Py(L – d) + Pxh – nd = 0 P

h

Solving these equations, we find

n Fgy

Fg a h

Py = d –

L g

12 Chapter 12 Solutions

ah (2.00 m/s2)(1.50 m)

(b) If P y = 0, then d = = = 0.306 m

g 9.80 m/s2

*12.70 Let θ represent the angle of the wire with the vertical. The radius of the circle of motion is

r = (0.850 m) sin θ.

T

θ

v2 θ

∑Fr = mar = m = mrω2

r

r

mg

T sin θ = m [(0.850 m) sin θ]ω2

T

Further, = ϒ ⋅ (strain) or T = Aϒ ⋅ (strain)

A

ω= =

m(0.850 m) (1.20 kg)(0.850 m)

or ω = 5.73 rad/s

B D

∑τA = nA(0) – (13.3 kN)(100 m) + nE(200 m) = 0

(13.3 kN)(100 m) A E

so nE = = 6.66 kN

200 m C

nA 100 m 100 m nE

∑Fy = nA – 13.3 kN + nE = 0 gives 13.3 kN

nA = 13.3 kN – nE = 6.66 kN

FAB

At Pin A:

40.0°

∑Fy = –FAB sin 40.0° + 6.66 kN = 0 or

FAC

6.66 kN nA = 6.66 kN

FAB = = 10.4 kN (compression)

sin 40.0°

Chapter 12 Solutions 13

At Pin B:

FBD

∑Fy = (10.4 kN) sin 40.0° – FBC sin 40.0° = 0 40.0° 40.0°

FBC

Thus, FBC = 10.4 kN (tension)

FAB = 10.4 kN

10.4 kN

7.94 kN 7.94 kN

∑Fx = +7.94 kN – 7.94 kN = 0 or 0 = 0

which yields 0 = 0

SAC SAC

*12.72 Member AC is not in pure compression or 25.0 m 25.0 m

tension. It also has shear forces present. FAC

It exerts a downward force SAC and a FAC

A C

tension force FAC on Pin A and on Pin C.

Still, this member is in equilibrium. 14.7 kN

∑τA = 0:

or S'AC = 7.35 kN

B D

∑Fy = SAC – 14.7 kN + 7.35 kN = 0 ⇒ SAC = 7.35

kN

A E

Then SAC = S'AC and we have proved that the loading C

by the car is equivalent to one-half the weight of the nA 75.0 m nE

car pulling down on each of pins A and C, so far as the 25.0 m 14.7 kN

rest of the truss is concerned.

14 Chapter 12 Solutions

nE = 3.67 kN

nA = 11.0 kN

At Pin A:

At Pin B:

∑Fx = (7.35 kN) cos 30.0° + (4.24 kN) cos 60.0° – FBD = 0

At Pin C:

∑Fx = –6.37 kN – (4.24 kN) cos 60.0° + (4.24 kN) cos 60.0° + FCE = 0

At Pin E:

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