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Front Cover/1,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage Title Page/3,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage Copyright Page/4,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage Contents/5,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage Part 1 Relativity and Quantum Mechanics: The Foundations of Modern

Physics/19,#8 200bf,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 1 Relativity I/21,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 1-1 The Experimental Basis of Relativity/22,#00b0f0,bold,notItal ic,open,FitPage Michelson-Morley Experiment/25,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic ,open,FitPage 1-2 Einstein s Postulates/29,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 1-3 The Lorentz Transformation/35,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage Calibrating the Spacetime Axes/46,#0088ba,notBold,notIta lic,open,FitPage 1-4 Time Dilation and Length Contraction/47,#00b0f0,bold,notItal ic,open,FitPage 1-5 The Doppler Effect/58,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Transverse Doppler Effect/62,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 1-6 The Twin Paradox and Other Surprises/63,#00b0f0,bold,notItal ic,open,FitPage The Case of the Identically Accelerated Twins/66,#0088ba ,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage Superluminal Speeds/69,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage End-of-Chapter Material/73,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 2 Relativity II/83,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 2-1 Relativistic Momentum/84,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 2-2 Relativistic Energy/88,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Another Surprise/98,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPa ge 2-3 Mass/Energy Conversion and Binding Energy/99,#00b0f0,bold,no tItalic,open,FitPage 2-4 Invariant Mass/102,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 2-5 General Relativity/115,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Deflection of Light in a Gravitational Field/121,#0088ba ,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage Gravitational Redshift/124,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,ope n,FitPage Perihelion of Mercury s Orbit/126,#0088ba,notBold,notItali c,open,FitPage Delay of Light in a Gravitational Field/126,#0088ba,notB old,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/130,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 3 Quantization of Charge, Light, and Energy/137,#00729b,bold,notItalic,c losed,FitPage 3-1 Quantization of Electric Charge/137,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 3-2 Blackbody Radiation/141,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 3-3 The Photoelectric Effect/149,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page 3-4 X Rays and the Compton Effect/155,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,ope n,FitPage Derivation of Compton s Equation/161,#0088ba,notBold,notIt alic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/162,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 4 The Nuclear Atom/171,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 4-1 Atomic Spectra/172,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage

4-2 Rutherford s Nuclear Model/174,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page Rutherford s Prediction and Geiger and Marsden s Results/180 ,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 4-3 The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom/183,#00b0f0,bold,notItal ic,open,FitPage Giant Atoms/192,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 4-4 X-Ray Spectra/193,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 4-5 The Franck-Hertz Experiment/198,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open, FitPage A Critique of Bohr Theory and the Old Quantum Mechanics /20 0,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/201,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 5 The Wavelike Properties of Particles/211,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed ,FitPage 5-1 The de Broglie Hypothesis/211,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage 5-2 Measurements of Particle Wavelengths/213,#00b0f0,bold,notIta lic,open,FitPage 5-3 Wave Packets/222,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 5-4 The Probabilistic Interpretation of the Wave Function/228,#0 0b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 5-5 The Uncertainty Principle/231,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage The Gamma-Ray Microscope/232,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 5-6 Some Consequences of the Uncertainty Principle/234,#00b0f0,b old,notItalic,open,FitPage 5-7 Wave-Particle Duality/237,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPag e Two-Slit Interference Pattern/238,#0088ba,notBold,notIta lic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/239,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 6 The Schrdinger Equation/247,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 6-1 The Schrdinger Equation in One Dimension/248,#00b0f0,bold,not Italic,open,FitPage 6-2 The Infinite Square Well/255,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page 6-3 The Finite Square Well/264,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPa ge Graphical Solution of the Finite Square Well/267,#0088ba ,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 6-4 Expectation Values and Operators/268,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic, open,FitPage Transitions Between Energy States/271,#0088ba,notBold,no tItalic,open,FitPage 6-5 The Simple Harmonic Oscillator/271,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,op en,FitPage Schrdinger s Trick/274,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPa ge Parity/275,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 6-6 Reflection and Transmission of Waves/276,#00b0f0,bold,notIta lic,open,FitPage Alpha Decay/283,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage NH3 Atomic Clock/285,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitP age Tunnel Diode/285,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/286,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 7 Atomic Physics/295,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 7-1 The Schrdinger Equation in Three Dimensions/295,#00b0f0,bold,

notItalic,open,FitPage 7-2 Quantization of Angular Momentum and Energy in the Hydrogen Atom/298,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 7-3 The Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions/307,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic, open,FitPage 7-4 Electron Spin/311,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Stern-Gerlach Experiment/314,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 7-5 Total Angular Momentum and the Spin-Orbit Effect/316,#00b0f0 ,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 7-6 The Schrdinger Equation for Two (or More) Particles/321,#00b0 f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 7-7 Ground States of Atoms: The Periodic Table/323,#00b0f0,bold, notItalic,open,FitPage 7-8 Excited States and Spectra of Alkali Atoms/327,#00b0f0,bold, notItalic,open,FitPage Multielectron Atoms/329,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,F itPage The Zeeman Effect/330,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,Fit Page Frozen Light/330,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/332,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 8 Statistical Physics/343,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 8-1 Classical Statistics: A Review/344,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,op en,FitPage Temperature and Entropy/347,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,op en,FitPage A Derivation of the Equipartition Theorem/352,#0088ba,no tBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 8-2 Quantum Statistics/356,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 8-3 The Bose-Einstein Condensation/363,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,op en,FitPage Liquid Helium/364,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 8-4 The Photon Gas: An Application of Bose-Einstein Statistics/3 72,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 8-5 Properties of a Fermion Gas/379,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open, FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/382,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Part 2 Applications of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity/391,#8200bf,bold,notItal ic,open,FitPage 9 Molecular Structure and Spectra/393,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitP age 9-1 The Ionic Bond/394,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 9-2 The Covalent Bond/399,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Other Covalent Bonds/405,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open, FitPage 9-3 Other Bonding Mechanisms/405,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page 9-4 Energy Levels and Spectra of Diatomic Molecules/410,#00b0f0, bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 9-5 Scattering, Absorption, and Stimulated Emission/420,#00b0f0, bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 9-6 Lasers and Masers/426,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/437,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 10 Solid State Physics/445,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 10-1 The Structure of Solids/445,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page 10-2 Classical Theory of Conduction/455,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 10-3 Free-Electron Gas in Metals/458,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open

,FitPage 10-4 Quantum Theory of Conduction/462,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,ope n,FitPage Thermal Conduction The Quantum Model/466,#0088ba,notBold,n otItalic,open,FitPage 10-5 Magnetism in Solids/466,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Spintronics/469,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 10-6 Band Theory of Solids/470,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPa ge Quantum Wells/477,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage Energy Bands in Solids An Alternate Approach/478,#0088ba,n otBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 10-7 Impurity Semiconductors/478,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,Fit Page Hall Effect/481,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 10-8 Semiconductor Junctions and Devices/485,#00b0f0,bold,notIta lic,open,FitPage How Transistors Work/490,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open, FitPage 10-9 Superconductivity/490,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Flux Quantization/495,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,Fit Page Josephson Junction/500,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage End-of-Chapter Material/502,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 11 Nuclear Physics/511,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 11-1 The Composition of the Nucleus/512,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 11-2 Ground-State Properties of Nuclei/514,#00b0f0,bold,notItali c,open,FitPage Liquid-Drop Model and the Semiempirical Mass Formula/523 ,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 11-3 Radioactivity/526,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Production and Sequential Decays/529,#0088ba,notBold,not Italic,open,FitPage 11-4 Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Decay/529,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,ope n,FitPage Energetics of Alpha Decay/532,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic, open,FitPage 11-5 The Nuclear Force/540,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Probability Density of the Exchange Mesons/546,#0088ba,n otBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 11-6 The Shell Model/547,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 11-7 Nuclear Reactions/551,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 11-8 Fission and Fusion/560,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Nuclear Power/564,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage Interaction of Particles and Matter/570,#0088ba,notBold, notItalic,open,FitPage 11-9 Applications/571,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Radiation Dosage/584,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitP age End-of-Chapter Material/585,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 12 Particle Physics/597,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 12-1 Basic Concepts/598,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 12-2 Fundamental Interactions and the Force Carriers/606,#00b0f0 ,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage A Further Comment about Interaction Strengths/613,#0088b a,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage 12-3 Conservation Laws and Symmetries/616,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic ,open,FitPage

When Is a Physical Quantity Conserved?/619,#0088ba,notBo ld,notItalic,open,FitPage Resonances and Excited States/627,#0088ba,notBold,notIta lic,open,FitPage 12-4 The Standard Model/627,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Where Does the Proton Get Its Spin?/631,#0088ba,notBold, notItalic,open,FitPage 12-5 Beyond the Standard Model/641,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,F itPage Neutrino Oscillations and Mass/645,#0088ba,notBold,notIt alic,open,FitPage String Theory/647,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,FitPage End-of-Chapter Material/648,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 13 Astrophysics and Cosmology/657,#00729b,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage 13-1 The Sun/657,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Is There Life Elsewhere?/668,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage 13-2 The Stars/669,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage The Celestial Sphere/674,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open, FitPage 13-3 The Evolution of Stars/677,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitP age 13-4 Cataclysmic Events/682,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 13-5 Final States of Stars/685,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPa ge 13-6 Galaxies/691,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage 13-7 Cosmology and Gravitation/701,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,F itPage 13-8 Cosmology and the Evolution of the Universe/704,#00b0f0,bol d,notItalic,open,FitPage Natural Planck Units/712,#0088ba,notBold,notItalic,open,Fi tPage End-of-Chapter Material/713,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Appendices/721,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage A: Table of Atomic Masses/721,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage B: Mathematical Aids/736,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage B1: Probability Integrals/736,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,open,FitPag e B2: Binomial and Exponential Series/738,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,o pen,FitPage B3: Diagrams of Crystal Unit Cells/739,#00b0f0,bold,notItalic,op en,FitPage C: Electron Configurations/740,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage D: Fundamental Physical Constants/745,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPag e E: Conversion Factors/749,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage F: Nobel Laureates in Physics/751,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Answers/759,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage ch01-02/759,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage ch03-04-05/760,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage ch06-07/761,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage ch08-08-10/762,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage ch11-12/763,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage ch13/764,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Index/765,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage A/765,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage B/765,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage C/766,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage D/768,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage E/769,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage

F/770,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage G/771,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage H/771,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage I/772,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage J-K/772,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage L-M/773,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage N-O/775,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage P/776,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Q-R/777,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage S/778,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage T/780,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage U-V-W/781,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage X-Y-Z/782,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Helpful Reference Pages/783,#9dcde4,bold,notItalic,closed,FitPage Greek Alphabet/783,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Prefixes for Powers of 10/783,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Mathematical Symbols/783,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Abbreviations for Units/784,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Some Useful Combinations/784,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Some Physical Constants/785,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Some Conversion Factors/785,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage Some Particle Masses and Rest Energies/785,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,F itPage Periodic Table of the Elements/786,#00729b,bold,notItalic,open,FitPage