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Modifying Clauses with Quantity Expressions

[QUANTITY] OF WHICH A quantity expression can be used to add a modifying clause for an inanimate noun, thing. Disneyland, all of which belongs to the Disney Company, is located in Anaheim. Disneyland, most of which is crowded with people, is a favorite tourist site. [QUANTITY] OF WHOM A quantity phrase can be used to add a modifying clause for an animate noun, people. California has a lot of visitors, most of whom visit Disneyland. Walt Disney was devoted to his children, all of whom adored their father.

The quantifying expression [quantity] of whom is used as the subject or object of the modifying clause. Whom (not who) is used because it is the object of the prepositional phrase of. Examples of Quantity Phrase Pronouns some of which many of who(m) most of whose (cars) none of who(m) two of whom half of who(m) both of which neither of who(m) each of which all of whose (money) both of whose (names) several of which a few of which a little of which a number of whom Quantity Phrases can be used before which, whom or whose +noun. Sentence Transformation Using Quantity Phrases to Join Clauses "Most of which" JOIN THE SENTENCES INDEPENDENT CLAUSE The Disney Company has several parks. DEPENDENT CLAUSE All of them are run by Disney.

1. Replace the pronoun all of them with all of which 2. Insert the clause into the main sentence. 3. Add commas if the clause adds nonifying information. The Disney Company has several parks The Disney Company has several parks all of which are run by Disney.

, all of which are run by


Disney.

(Turn over)

"Most of whom" JOIN THE SENTENCES INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT CLAUSE CLAUSE California has a lot of Most of them come to visitors. see Disneyland.

1. Replace the pronoun most of them with most of whom. (Whom is used because it is the object of the prepositional phrase "of") 2. Insert the clause into the main sentence. 3. Add commas if the clause adds non-identifying information. most of whom come to see Disneyland. California has a lot of , most of whom come to visitors see Disneyland.

"Most of whose" JOIN THE SENTENCES INDEPENDENT CLAUSE She listens to Lady Gaga. 1. Replace the pronoun most of her songs with most of whose songs 2. Insert the clause into the main sentence. 3. Add commas if the clause adds non-identifying She listens to Lady information. Gaga most of whose songs have been hits. DEPENDENT CLAUSE Most of her songs have been hits.

, most of whose songs have


been hits.

Adapted from: http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/clauses-7.html