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MO1

Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

A Member Of

COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Learning Outcome
Describe the uses of computer communications.
Describe commonly used communications devices, communication software and communication channel

Describes network architecture and network topology

Differentiate between intranet and extranet

Differentiate between intranet and extranet

Describes network, network advantages and differentiate among types of networks: LANs, MANs, and WANs

A Member Of

COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications
Computer communications describes a process in which two or more computers or devices transfer data, instructions, and information.

Sending device

Communications channel

Receiving device

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COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications

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4
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Devices
A communications device is any type of hardware capable of transmitting data, instructions, and information between a sending device and a receiving device. A dial-up modem converts signals between analog and digital. A digital modem sends and receives data and information to and from a digital line.
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COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Devices

A Member Of

A wireless modem uses the cell phone network to connect to the Internet wirelessly from a notebook computer, a smart phone, or other mobile device.
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Devices

ExpressCard module for wireless network communications

Network card for desktop, for wired network communications

A network card enables a computer or device to access a network Available in a variety of styles Wireless network cards often have an antenna
A Member Of

COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Devices
A wireless access point is a central communications device that allows computers and devices to transfer data wirelessly among themselves or to a wired network A router connects multiple computers or other routers together and transmits data to its correct destination on a network Many are protected by a hardware firewall
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8
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Software
Communications software consists of programs that:
Help users establish a connection to another computer or network Manage the transmission of data, instructions, and information

Provide an interface for users to communicate with one another


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9
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Communications Channel
The amount of data that can travel over a communications channel sometimes is called the bandwidth

Transmission media carries one or more signals

Broadband media transmit multiple signals simultaneously


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10
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Physical Transmission Media

Twisted-pair cable Coaxial cable Fiber optic cable


A Member Of

COM1012

11

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Physical Transmission Media Twisted-pair cable

A Member Of

12
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Physical Transmission Media


Coaxial cable

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13
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Physical Transmission Media

A Member Of

14
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Wireless Transmission Media


Infrared Broadcast radio Cellular radio

Microwaves

Communications Satellite

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15
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications


Blogs Chat rooms E-mail Fax

FTP

Instant messaging

Internet

Newsgroups

Video conferencing

VoIP

Web

Web 2.0

Web folders
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Wikis
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COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications

Users can send and receive wireless messages using wireless messaging services
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17
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications


Text messaging allows users to send and receive short text messages on a phone or other mobile device or computer Wireless instant messaging allows wireless users to exchange realtime messages with one or more other users

Picture messaging allows users to send pictures and sound files

Video messaging allows users to send short video clips

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18
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications

Wireless Internet access points allow people to connect wirelessly to the Internet from home, work, school, and in many public locations.
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19
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications


A global positioning system (GPS) is a navigation system that consists of one or more earth-based receivers that accept and analyze signals sent by satellites in order to determine the GPS receivers geographic location GPS receivers are:
Built into many mobile devices
A Member Of

Available as a handheld device

Available with new vehicles

20
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Uses of Computer Communications

A Member Of

21
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Networks
A network is a collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media Advantages of a network include:

Facilitating communications

Sharing hardware

Sharing data and information

Sharing software

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22
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Types of networks

Networks

A local area network (LAN) is a network that connects computers and devices in a limited geographical area A wireless LAN (WLAN) is a LAN that uses no physical wires

A Member Of

23
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Networks
A metropolitan area network (MAN) connects LANs in a metropolitan area A wide area network (WAN) is a network that covers a large geographical area
A Member Of

24
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Client/server network

Networks

Peer-to-peer network

The design of computers, devices, and media on a network is sometimes called the network architecture
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25
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Client/Server Network
What is a client/server network? One or more computers act as server and other computers, or clients, access server
client

client

client

server

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26
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Networks

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) describes an Internet network on which users access each others hard disks and exchange files directly over the Internet
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27
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Networks
A network topology refers to the layout of the computers and devices in a communications network Popular topologies are star, bus and ring.
Star network Bus network
Ring network

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28
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Star Network

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All devices connect to a central device, called hub All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub
COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Bus Network

All computers and devices connect to a single central cable, or bus.


A Member Of

COM1012

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Ring Network

Cable forms closed ring, or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction
COM1012

A Member Of

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Networks
An intranet is an internal network that uses Internet technologies An extranet allows customers or suppliers to access part of its intranet
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COM1012

A Member Of

MO1
Describe basic computer hardware, software, input, output, communication and network devices.

MO2
To apply the suitable office application to fulfill given task.

Summary
Overview of communications terminology and applications Describes networks, types of networks, network architecture and network topology

Differentiate between intranet and extranet


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33
COM1012