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UNIT V -CNC MACHINE TOOLS AND PART PROGRAMMING 1. Describe the motion statement in APT language.

Give the general form of motion statement and explain with suitable example the PTP and contouring motions. (6+10) 1. Define APT language. 2. What is the use of APT language? 3. What is the use of motion statement? 4. Give short notes on motion statement. 5. Write the steps involved in motion statement. 6. Write the general format of motion statement. 7. What are the two sections of motion statement? 8. Give short notes on basic motion command. 9. Give short notes on descriptive section. 10. What are the types of motion statement? 11. Give short notes on point to point motion statement. 12. Write the basic commands available for PTP motions. 13. Write short notes on GOTO statement. 14. Give short notes on GODLTA statement. 15. What is the use of GOTO and GODLTA statements? 16. Give short notes on contouring motion statement. 17. Write the intersecting surfaces of contouring statement. 18. Give short notes on drive surface. 19. Write about part surface. 20. Give short notes on check surface. 21. Sketch the three surfaces in APT contouring motions which guide the cutting tool. 22. Sketch the TO cutter specifier. 23. Sketch the ON specifier. 24. Sketch the PAST specifier. 25. Give short notes on TANTO modifier. 2. Explain the types of NC systems and compare NC with conventional system. (16) 1. Define NC system.

2. What is mean by numerical control? 3. What is mean by part program? 4. Give short notes on punched tape. 5. Sketch the numerical control system. 6. What is the role of computer for NC machine tool? 7. What are the types of NC systems? 8. Define point to point NC system. 9. What is the other name of point to point NC system? 10. What is the objective of point to point NC system? 11. Define straight cut NC system. 12. Which machine is preferred for milling operations? 13. Write the disadvantage of NC system. 14. Define contouring NC system. 15. What is the other name of contouring NC system? 16. What is the advantage of contouring NC system? 17. Compare NC with conventional system. 18. List the components of conventional NC systems. 19. Give short notes on tape recorder. 20. Give short notes on machine controller. 21. Give short notes on part programmer. 22. Give short notes on part drawing. 23. What are the advantages of NC machines? 24. What are the disadvantages of NC machines? 25. What are the limitations of NC machines? 3. (i) Explain the methods of creating part programming (10) 1. Define part programming. 2. Define NC block. 3. Write the part programming procedure. 4. Sketch the part programming procedure layout. 5. Write the methods of creating part programming. 6. Give short notes on manual part programming. 7. Give short notes on computer assisted part programming. 8. Give short notes on manual data input. 9. Give short notes on computer automated part programming 10. What is the basic concept of CNC machines? 11. Write the features of CNC machining centre. 12. Write the special feature of the CNC part program.

13. What is the purpose of sub programs? 14. Write the fundamentals of part programming. 15. What is the basic concept of part programming? 16. Write the example for NC programming languages. 17. Which is the main important NC programming language? 18. Write the disadvantage of manual part programming. (ii)Explain slide movement element in detail. (6) 19. Give short notes on slide movement element 20. What are the major functional requirements of CNC machines? 21. How inaccuracies are caused in slide movement elements? 22. How do you eliminate stick slip? 23. Write the combinations of machine tool slide way systems. 24. What are the requirements of a good slide way system? 25. Give short notes on plain slide ways. 4. Explain the CNC machines in detail (16)

1. Give short notes on CNC machines. 2. Write the major role of CNC machines. 3. What are the types of CNC machines? 4. Give short notes on CNC machining center. 5. Give short notes on CNC Turning center. 6. Give short notes on CNC Lathes. 7. Give short notes on CNC milling machines. 8. Give short notes on CNC drilling machines. 9. Give short notes on CNC special purpose machines. 10. Write the applications of CNC machines. 11. Give short notes on NC axis conventions. 12. Give short notes on stepping motor. 13. State the advantages of stepping motor. 14. Give short notes on coordinate systems in machine tools. 15. Sketch the CNC Drilling machine. 16. Sketch the CNC Milling machine. 17. Sketch the CNC Lathe machine. 18. Give short notes on single spindle drilling machine. 19. Give short notes on turning centers. 20. Write about machining centers. 21. Give short notes on horizontal spindle type machining center. 22. Give short notes on vertical spindle type machining center.

23. What are the advantages of machining centers? 24. Give short notes on tool changers. 25. Give short notes on CNC grinding machine. 5. (i) Explain cutting spindles in detail (12) 1. Give short notes on cutting spindles. 2. What is the use of cutting spindle? 3. What are the requirements of spindles for CNC machines? 4. Write the typical spindle tooling for various machining requirements. 5. Give short notes on drill chuck adaptors. 6. What is mean by collet chuck? 7. What is mean by Morse taper adaptors? 8. What is mean by shell mill adaptors? 9. Give short notes on Face mill adaptors. 10. Give short notes on Screwed shank end mill adaptors. 11. Give short notes on boring bars. 12. What is mean by boring heads? 13. Write about spindle heads. 14. Classify the spindle heads. 15. Give short notes on inclinable head. 16. Give short notes on robot like head. 17. Give short notes on horizontal spindle head. 18. Give short notes on vertical spindle head. 19. Write about universal head. (ii)Compare NC, CNC with conventional system (4) 20. Compare NC, CNC with conventional system 21. Which machines are used for mass production? 22. Write the advantages of NC system. 23. Write advantages of CNC machines. 24. Write the disadvantages of conventional machine systems. 25. Write the disadvantages of NC machines over CNC machines. 6. Explain Drive systems in detail with suitable diagrams. (16) 1. What is mean by drive system? 2. What is the use of drive system? 3. Classify the drive systems. 4. What is called as electromechanical devices? 5. Write the factors influencing the selection of drive systems.

6. Give short notes on AC drives. 7. What is the principle of Ac drives operation? 8. What are the advantages of AC motor over Dc motor? 9. Write the disadvantages of Ac drives. 10. Give short notes on Direct current motors. 11. Sketch the separately exited dc motor. 12. Write the principle of dc motor operation. 13. Write the advantages of dc motor. 14. Write the applications of dc motor. 15. What are the disadvantages of dc motor? 16. Give short notes on stepping motor. 17. Write the principle of stepping motor operation 18. Give short notes on hydraulic systems. 19. Sketch a hydraulic system. 20. Write the components of hydraulic systems. 21. Give short notes on hydraulic power supply. 22. Sketch the components of hydraulic power supply. 23. Give short notes on servo valve. 24. Give short notes on sump. 25. Give short notes on pneumatic drives. 7. (i) Explain in process probing.(6) 1. What is mean by in process probing? 2. What are the methods of inspection? 3. Give short notes on Off-line inspection. 4. Give short notes on On-line/in-process inspection. 5. Give short notes on On-line/post-process inspection. 6. Sketch the in-process inspection. 7. What is mean by probing? 8. What is called as touch sensitive probes? 9. Give short notes on automatic tool changer. 10. What are the benefits of In-process probing? (ii)Explain machining centers with neat diagram? 11. What operations are performed on machining centers? 12. What is mean by indexable tool magazine? 13. Give short notes on Automatic pallet changer. 14. Classify the machining centers. 15. Give short notes on horizontal spindle machining center.

16. Give short notes on vertical spindle machining center. 17. Give short notes on Universal machining center. 18. Sketch the horizontal spindle machining center. 19. What are the features of horizontal spindle machine? 20. Sketch the vertical spindle machining center. 21. Write the features of vertical spindle machine. 22. What are the features of universal machining center? 23. Give short notes on tool magazine. 24. Give short notes on servo meter. 25. Give short notes on WIP. 8. Explain turning centers with neat diagram(16) 1. Give short notes on turning centers. 2. Classify the turning centers. 3. Classify the horizontal machines. 4. Sketch the turning centers. 5. Give short notes on chucking machines. 6. Give short notes on shaft lathes. 7. Give short notes on pneumatic tail stock. 8. Give short notes on universal lathe. 9. Give short notes on work holding system. 10. Write the work holding devices used in CNC machines. 11. Give short notes on Fixtures. 12. Give short notes on hydraulic chuck. 13. Give short notes on collect attachment. 14. Give short notes on bar holding system. 15. Give short notes on steadies. 16. Write the features of CNC machine tools. 17. Give short notes on jaw chucks. 18. Give short notes on Arbors. 19. Give short notes on tooling system. 20. How the tooling system is done for NC machines? 21. Give short notes on tooling system for NC Turning Machines. 22. Write the basic types of tooling. 23. Sketch the qualified tooling for turning center. 24. Give short notes on qualified tool. 25. Give short notes on preset tool.

9. (i) Explain machine controller and CNC controller with neat diagram.(8) 1. What is machine controller? 2. Give short notes on MCU. 3. Sketch the machine tool and control unit. 4. Sketch the machine mounted MCU. 5. Write the capabilities of the MCU. 6. Give short notes on open loop NC system. 7. Sketch the open loop machine slide control. 8. Give short notes on stepping motor. 9. Write the advantage of open loop machine slide control. 10. Give short notes on closed loop NC system. 11. Sketch the closed loop positioning system. 12. Write the difference between actual and desired valves. 13. Give short notes on CNC controller. 14. Write the features of CNC controller. (ii)Explain coordinate measuring machine with neat diagram.(8) 15. What is sensor and write its types. 16. Write the methods of automated contact inspection. 17. Write the types of CMM construction. 18. What is mean by cantilever construction? 19. Sketch the cantilever construction 20. What is mean by Bridge construction? 21. Sketch the bridge construction. 22. Give short notes on column construction. 23. Sketch the column construction 24. Give short notes on gantry construction 25. Write the benefits of CMM.

10. With suitable sketch, describe the types of CNC machine tools. (16) 1. Define CNC. 2. What are the types of CNC machine tools? 3. How the CNC machine tools are classified? 4. Define point to point NC system. 5. How the data for desired position is given in point to point NC system? 6. Sketch the point to point NC system.

7. Write the example for point to point NC system 8. Give short notes on Straight cut CNC system. 9. Sketch the Straight cut CNC system. 10. Give short notes on Contouring System. 11. What is the other name of Contouring System? 12. Sketch the Contouring System. 13. Write the example for Contouring System 14. Define interpolation. 15. What are the types of interpolation? 16. Give short notes on analog control system. 17. Give short notes on digital control system. 18. Give short notes on incremental system. 19. Give short notes on absolute system. 20. Give short notes on open loop control systems. 21. Sketch the two axes open loop control system. 22. Give Sketch the one axes open loop machine slide control. 23. Give short notes on closed loop control system. 24. What is mean by increasing the open loop gain? 25. Sketch the closed loop system.