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3D Technologies (Pvt) Ltd.

Institute of Computer Studies

Diploma
In

DPC DPC

Practical Computing
Module 01-DFIT Fundamentals of Information Technology

FIT 1: Basic Concepts of IT FIT 2: PC Hardware

Name:
Batch 01/02 May/June 2003

Student No:

3D Technologies (Pvt) Ltd.


Technologies

Institute of Computer Studies


Email: 3DTechn@mail.com

No K2, N.H.S Road , Raddoluwa. Tel: 01 292446

OIS Office Information Systems

FIT FIT1: 1: Basic Basic Concepts Concepts of of it it


Assignment 1.1: 1. Which of the most suitable definition of a computer? 2. Why is it wrong to define a computer as merely a calculating machine? a. A calculating device that can perform arithmetic operations at a very high speed b. A device that operates upon information or data c. A very accurate calculating device? 3. What are the three stages into which any task be split? 4. The following chart is displayed relating to a one day cricket match. What are the raw data that are fed into the computer to prepare this chart?
14 12 10 8 runs 6 4 2 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 Over

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5. White down the input, process and output for the following tasks: a. Students take three papers in an exam and the examination results (average, grade) are prepared using a computer b. A retail shop owner uses a computer to prepare an invoice. 6. What characteristics of the computer have led to its widespread use? 7. What are the main characteristics of a computer? 8. What gives the computer the ability to remember any detail? 9. What goes GIGO mean? 10. Why do errors occur in computers? 11. Write down the main types of computers in use 12. What is the difference between a dump terminal and a smart terminal?

Assignment 1.2: 1. What is meant by computer hardware? 2. Name three of the main hardware components

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OIS Office Information Systems 3. List three different input devices 4. List three different output device 5. Explain in your own words the following terms: Processor, disk drives, power supply unit 6. What are the parts contained inside the system unit? 7. What does the power supply unit have a fan built into it? 8. What is a computer program? 9. What is meant by software? 10. Software is generally divided into two broad categories. What are they? 11. Here is a list of programs. Write down which category each of the programs belongs to A payroll program A program which controls the keyboard Program which control the disk drives A car race A program that processes examination results Program that control the mouse A compiler (a program that converts English- like instructions into machine code) A virus scanner 12. List the functions performed by the operating system 13. Describe the start-up process of a computer 14. What is a user interface and what are the factors that should be taken into account when designing the user interface of a program? 15. Why is it difficult for a beginner to learn a commanddriven interface? 16. What is meant by a graphical user interface? 17. What are the advantages of using a GUI 18. What is meant by multimedia? 19. Why would multimedia be impossible without the technology of CD-ROM? 20. List three multimedia applications 21. Why is a computer called a bistable device? 22. How are 0 and 1 represented in a computer? 23. Explain the following terms: Bit, byte, record, file 24. Fill the table Hardware Processor Memory Monitor 25. Hardware Floppy ROM RAM HDD CD Units

Fill the table Units

Example Values

Technologies

No. K2 , N.H.S Road, Raddoluwa. Tel: 01 292446 Email: 3DTechn@mail.com

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OIS Office Information Systems DVD Word Document with 1 page

PC PC Hardware Hardware
Assignment 1.3: 1. What are the five basic operations performed by all computers? 2. Draw a diagram of the basic organization of a computer and name its main parts, 3. Name the three main parts into which the central processing init can be divided 4. What are the operations performed by the ALU? 5. What is the function of the control unit? 6. From where does the control unit obtain its instructions? 7. What is the hardware components used to temporarily hold programs, input data,, working area and output data? 8. What are the two types of memory? 9. What types of software is held on ROM? 10. Why is RAM called volatile memory? 11. List the steps that could be taken to guard against data being lost in RAM, in case of a power failure. 12. What is the most popular input device? 13. What is the advantage of a trackball over a mouse? 14. What are the scanners used for 15. Which input device is mainly used in games? 16. Which is the name of the input device, which is used in educational institutions, to make teaching easier? 17. Name an application that uses a light pen? 18. What are barcodes? Name three places where barcode readers are used to input data. 19. Why is the price of an item not coded when barcode readers are used to input data? 20. Describe an application of MICR 21. What is the name given to the system where scanned text is converted to standard ASCII code? 22. Suppose you have a large amount of text and graphics on paper and you want to edit it using a computer. What do you need to transfer this information into computer that you do not have to type the information in? 23. Describe an application of OMR

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No. K2 , N.H.S Road, Raddoluwa. Tel: 01 292446 Email: 3DTechn@mail.com

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OIS Office Information Systems 24. Which group of people cold most benefit from voice recognition? 25. What is a smart card and describe its applications 26. List three different types of display screen 27. Which factors can influence the quality of a monitor? 28. Which type of printer is cheapest and has the lowest running cost? 29. Which type o printer is most suited to printing multypart stationary? 30. Why are inkjet printers expected to run? 31. Which type of printer is considered the fastest? 32. Name the type of printer that you could use in each of the following applications: a. To get a high quality black and white print out for the cover of a report b. To print duplicate copies of an invoice where one copy is given to the customer and the second print retained c. To get a color printout of a greeting card 33. Which output device can be used to produce plans, maps and line diagrams? 34. What is the most suitable output device for displaying computer output to a large audience? 35. Explain in your words the following terms and describe how each of the items I used. Hard disk, Floppy disk, CD-ROM, Magnetic tape. 36. What is the advantage of floppy disk, CD-ROM, magnetic tape 37. What is the advantage of floppy disks over hand disk? 38. What factors should you floppy disks over hard disks 39. What factors should you consider when storing diskettes? 40. How can you protect files in a diskette from being accidentally deleted or destroyed? 41. List the kind of storage device you would use in each of the following situations: a. To save student information (which includes all possible information about the students, including their marks) b. To distribute software, which requires large storage space c. To save a colleges archive file documents (three have accumulated over many years) 42. What does formatting a diskette mean and why is it done? 43. Which factors affect the speech of a computer? 44. List some of the advantages and disadvantages of a potable computer with a desktop model 45. What sort of energy-saving functions are found in modern computers? 46. Computer RAM HDD Speed

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OIS Office Information Systems Name

47. Comput K er Name B Mous e RA M Typ e Displa y Adapt er Soun d Mode m Networ Availabl k e Ports Availab le Slots Availab le RAM Slots

No. K2 , N.H.S Road, Raddoluwa. Tel: 01 292446 Email: 3DTechn@mail.com

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