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PATROL TECHNIQUES AND OPERATION

Police Patrol: Attributes a) Police patrol is a primary line function, that patrol activities are considered basic and of first priority. b) Patrol function is accurately called the backbone of the police organization. c) Patrol division has the initial responsibility for crime

prevention and detection, and the apprehension of offender. It also assists in the preparation of the facts for presentation in the court of law. Category of Police Functions: 1) Line functions which are those tasks that directly facilitate the accomplishment of an organizational goals. 2) Non-line functions are those tasks that supplement the line in its tasks performance. Ex. Training, Budgeting, Record Management, Crime Lab., etc. Line Functions or Activities are Further Broken into Subcategories, both of which are Field Services: 1. Primary Line Function Ex. Patrol 2. Secondary Line Functions Ex. Traffic Management, Criminal Investigation, etc. Roles of the Police in the Society: 1. Crime Prevention

2. Crime Suppression Crime Prevention is classically defined as the anticipation, recognition and appraisal of crime risk and the initiation of positive action to remove or reduce risk. Ex. Patrol Crime Suppression is the modern approach in crime control which deals with apprehension, investigation, trial, correction and punishment of the criminal. Police Discretion wise use of ones judgment, common sense, personal experience in making decision on a particular situation. Immersion is the process by which a policeman merged with the community in order to know them. This can easily be done through patrol. Types of Patrol: a) Foot e) River f) bicycle g) motorcycle

b) Mobile c) Canine (dog) d) helicopter Questions and Answers 1. The primary purpose of police patrol is

a) to reach the people for effective community relation b) in order for the beat patrolman to know the people in the community c) to eliminate opportunity for crime commission d) for the immediate arrest of criminal

2. Prevalence of crimes in particular is a manifest sign of a) no policeman in the area b) the police unit is not involved in patrol operation c) low visibility patrol d) not arriving on the scene on time 3. The term critical time means a) from call to arrival at crime scene b) from commission of crime, call to the police and arrival at crime scene c) from overt act, to commission, to call and arrival at scene d) from arrival at scene up to conviction of accused. 4. The most important technique in community oriented policing a) police patrol as policemen know and meet people in the area b) police immersion as when policemen are merged with the people so that they would know one another. c) Police should act as politician by satisfying all what the people want d) Perform their duties well 5. One approach in crime control is crime prevention which can be done through a) investigation b)patrol c) traffic management d) community relation

6. Another approach in crime control is crime prevention which can be done through a) apprehension of criminal b) investigation of crime c) punishment to be imposed on criminal d) all of them 7. Under ordinary conditions specially in urban areas, the patrol that has the most advantage is a) mobile patrol b) bicycle patrol c) foot patrol d) helicopter patrol

8. Which patrol is desirable in highly congested street like Division Market? a) mobile b) foot c) motorcycle d) bicycle

9. In police community relation strategy, why is it that mobile patrol is undesirable? a) policemen are hiding in a car while the people are walking on the street. b) Mobile car separates policeman from the community c) People could not see policeman specially when the car mirror is tainted d) All of the above

10. One of the obvious disadvantages of marked policed patrol car is a) easy identification by offenders b) slow response c) expensive specially now that price of gasoline is high d) policemen become obese as they do not move or exercise 11. The primary concern of patrol in crime control is a) to eliminate opportunity to commit crime b) to befriend people specially to commit crime c) to remain physically fit and trim as walking is best exercise d) all of the above 12. The important factor in mobile patrol is a) new model car complete with equipment b) equipped with communication equipment c) it must be full of gasoline d) it must be manned with good-looking policemen 13. In parades, the patrol most desirable is a) mobile b) motorcycle c) foot d) helicopter

14. In plaza rally, and similar occasions, the patrol desirable is

a) foot b) helicopter

c) carabao d) horse

15. The primary reason for the big share of police personnel for thepatrol is a) crime prevention b) protection of life and property c) maintenance of peace and order d) all of the above 16. The feeling of would be criminals that policemen are everywhere is a) police presence b) psychology of omnipresence c) high visibility patrol d) abandonment of pests 17. The psychology of omnipresence is presence in a) low visibility of patrol b) presence of policemen c) high visibility patrol d) abandonment of pests 18. In foot patrol, the desirable communication equipment is a) telephone both public and private b) walkie-talkie

c) megaphone d) all of the above 19. Crime solution efficiency of a particular police office based its performance from a) police patrol b) police follow-up c) police investigation d) police traffic management 20. Diminishing crime rate can be attributed to a) police patrol b) police traffic management c) police investigation d) all of them 21. In case of prevalence in dynamite fishing in the coastal area, the desired patrol should be a) foot patrol b) helicopter patrol c) watercraft patrol d) submarine patrol

22. If a crime occurs in a community where mobile patrol is maintained by the police unit, a call will thus be made through an easily remembered telephone number. From the time of receipt by patrol to the scene is referred to as a) effective time b) pronto time c) response time d) mobile run time

23. Police patrol today takes many forms although it remains as the so-called backbone of the police service in the community. One of the following cannot be considered patrol service a) Routine patrol b) Inspection patrol c) Repressive patrol d) Call for service patrol 24. A psychological impact on possible law violator upon the sight of patrol policemen is a) Fear of guilt b) Psychology of omnipresence c) Police phobia d) Fear of being caught 25. The psychology of omnipresence means a) high visibility patrol b) area is infested with policemen c) low visibility d) police prone area 26. In crime suppression, the theory underlying is a) low visibility patrol b) zero visibility patrol c) high visibility patrol

d) high risk patrol 27. Critical time in police means a) quickness in arriving to the crime scene b) between the call to the police and the time of arrival at the scene c) situation where crime is on going and police are at risk d) emergency situation involving crime 28. Stopping a suspicious person on sidewalk and searching is a) checkpoint search b) personal check on the street c) stop and frisk d) situational search 29. The best patrol to be done in sector is a) foot b) mobile c) helicopter d) boat

30. The best patrol to be done in beat is a) mobile b) bicycle c) motorcycle d) foot

31.The triad of crime are the following a) desire, opportunity and convenience b) desire, planning and execution

c) opportunity, convenience and desire d) desire, opportunity and capability 32. Bicycle patrol was first introduced in what place? a) Davao b) Cebu c) Manila d) Dumaguete

33. Mobile patrol was introduced in Manila in the year a)1950 b) 1960 c) 1945 d) 1954

34. The presence of patrol policeman provides the feeling of security among law-abiding citizens, but to the would be violator a) Feeling of anxiety b) Feeling of fear c) feeling of worry d) feeling of happiness

35. In Britain, dog patrol is popular as it a) Protects the handling officer from possible attack from criminals b) Has the ability to sniff drugs and weapons in port of entry and checkpoint c) Causes fear to hoodlums and other criminals d) All of the above. 36. Among policemen, it is the existence of sense of common endeavor and responsibility within the group and it embodies devotion to group enterprise, cooperation among members in order to achieve accomplishment

a) friendship b) esprit de corps

c) cooperation d) all of them

37. What kind of patrol is effective in achieving public relations? a) mobile b) helicopter c) foot d) bicycle

38. In the distribution of field forces or assignment in the police unit, there are certain assignments mostly administrative and supervisory in nature which must be filled first regardless of the number of men in the field. This is referred to as a) sensitive spot b) important post like Chief of Police c) fixed post d) special post 39. Policeman in communicating must have thick ears, little mouth, whether he is a foot patrolman or investigator. In essence, he must know how to listen a) attentively, skillfully and comprehensively b) briefly, intelligently and attentively c) comprehensively, understandably and skillfully d) intelligently, understandably and skillfully 40. When an officer on riot duty is affected by teargas used by other officers, he should do the following, except one a) Leave the gas area if possible

b) refrain from rubbing the eyes c) close eyes immediately and open when he is sure safe d) face the wind 41. In firing at a fleeing felon, an officer must take the following considerations, except one. a) nature of offense committed b) safety of officer and bystander c) felon is very fast and hard to catch d) age of felon 42. Two officers can cover all exits from a normal residence by taking up positions at/or a) placing themselves on top of the building b) by using helicopter which could see all escape routes c) opposite corners of the building-each two sides of building under observation d) closing all the doors and windows 43. Alert and intelligent officers improve their ability to describe fugitives by a) Memorizing the faces of people residing in his beat b) For publication for all to see c) By making all residents report to him everyday

d) By practice like while on patrol they can be improved by working with another officer in describing pedestrians and merchants. 44. The purpose of daily bulletin giving brief chronological record of a whole days business in a police department is to a) to have ready preference with crimes on that particular day b) for publication for al to see c) as part of police records d) familiarize all officers with crime committed while they were off duty 45. The following are reasons why it is desirable to make arrest and serve summonses for violations of the traffic laws and regulations, except one a) traffic control is the top daytime problem of the police b) traffic law enforcement redu1ces accident c) stopping cars and questioning drivers oftenly yielded arrest for robbery and other crimes d) less risky to police officers 46. In attaining good and healthy community relation, what type of patrol is preferable a) mobile patrol b) foot patrol c) bicycle patrol d) canine patrol

47. It is one to which an officer is responding following receiptof good and sufficient information that a situation exists which requires police attention immediately for the protection of persons or property. a) distress call b) police call c) emergency call d) SOS call

48. In crime reporting, what crime can a victim accurately and capably determine the time of occurrence?

a) robber b) rape

c) murder d) infanticide

49. What characteristic will probably show that the thief will return to the stolen car and not totally abandon it? a) cars door is open b) key is left is the car garage 50. The most effective method that can be employed by the police in breaking up unlawful assemblies is a) water canon b) speeding car c) gun d) tear gas c) motor is still running d) vehicle is parked in a

51. A uniformed patrol officers work is generally judged by his a) his ability to keep his post free from crimes and minor offenses b) when all the residents are happy of him c) his knowledge of all problems in the community d) his capability to solve all crimes that happened in the area 52. What is the principle of which the modus operandi or criminal technique in committing crime is based? a) That professional criminals are victims of habit and so will commit same crimes and in the same manner time after time b) habitual criminals will do crimes same as what they did before c) as a matter of identity as every criminal wants to have his own identity

d) all of the above 53. Information which an officer on patrol records in his notes or memorandum book should so far as practicable, contain a) all informations that happened in his beat b) only crimes that occurred in the course of his duty c) everything peculiar d) the 5 Ws and 1 H of each in ident 54. A car parked with a motor running is what kind of car? a) an ambulance b) a suspicious car c) a truck d) stolen car

55. How can foot patrol be better checked when onduty in their respective beats a) inspection on the beat by leader b) check on the neighborhood residents c) analysis of the report of the patrolman d) all of the above 56. Why is it that patrol is the most important function of the police? a) it is most popular in making arrest b) policemen are known to the residents c) it is the backbone of the police organizations/unit d) criminals go away when policemen are around

POLICE INTELLIGENCE

Definition of Terms: Project Proposals a recommended general plan of action envisioned to undermine a target threat group or organization with the ultimate objective of neutralizing its ranking personalities and machinery in a specified time frame. Intelligence Project all project proposals approved by higher headquarters, officers and competent authorities. COPLAN a case operation plan Case Operation plan a time-phased plan of action under an intelligence project directed against a specific personality under a threat group or organization through infiltration and penetration by an Action Agent/s (AA) and other means with the ultimate objective of neutralizing the target personalities Action Agents (AA) area recruited, documented and dispatched intelligence agents with access and/or placement in a target personalitys group or organization. They receive and implement orders from an Agent Handler (AH)

Principal Agent (PA) an intelligence man who had developed his information net within a target organization or a particular area of operation. Support Agent (SA) is a person who extends administrative or operational assistance to the Agent Handler or Action Agent. Target - is a person, organization, installation or activity

considered inimical to national to the interest and security and is the objective of an intelligence project or COPLAN. Case Operation Officer any intelligence officer who initiates and implements a COPLAN Surveillance is a planned observation of persons, places or objects and activity. Subject the person, place or object being watched or under surveillance. Convoy an accomplice or associate of the subject who follows him to detect surveillance. Decoy a person or object used by the subject in an attempt to elude surveillant. Contact any individual whom the subject speaks or deals with in any way while he is under surveillance Fade when subject under surveillance becomes aware that he is under observation and identifies the observer. Lost the subject is lost when the surveillant does not know his whereabouts. The surveillant is lost when the subject has eluded him.

Fingerman an individual who can positively point out the subject Put the finger on to identify subject by pointing him out either in person or in photograph Put to bed when the subject under surveillance has returned to his quarters and apparently retired for the night, the surveillants are said to have put to bed. Shades and Fails to follow an individual wherever he goes, on foot or vehicle. Tail conscious or tail wise an individual who is alert for surveillance. Tail Job surveillance assignment. INTRODUCTION: In essence, intelligence is knowledge. As such, it undergoes an often intricate cognitive process of synthesizing data of various forms and sources in order to perceive with a high degree of certainty the truth or reality of things, individuals and events for the purpose of serving the interest of its sponsor. Broad Categories of Intelligence: 1. National Intelligence refers to the knowledge

formed from the integration of the intelligence developed by all the government departments which provide the valuable inputs or the formulation of national and the promotion and enhancement of national security.

2.

Departmental

Intelligence

refers

to

the

knowledge required by an agency or department of the government in order to execute its mission and discharge its responsibilities. 3. Military Intelligence refers to the knowledge

by the military institution essential in the preparation and execution of military plans, polices and programs that encompasses three general categories, such as: a) Strategic intelligence it deals with the activities of foreign nations b) Combat or tactical intelligence knowledge about weakness of the enemies c) Counter-intelligence deny information to the enemy.

Provides security of the unit. Police Intelligence is the knowledge necessary in the

preparation and execution of police plans, policies and programs. Functional Classifications of Police Intelligence: 1. Criminal Intelligence (CRIMINT) production of intelligence essential to the prevention of crimes, and the investigation, arrest and prosecution of criminal offenders. 2. Internal Security Intelligence (INSIT) knowledge essential to the maintenance of peace and order. 3. Public Safety Intelligence (PUSINT) knowledge essential to ensuring the protection of lives and properties. Three Broad Categories of Police Intelligence

1. Line or Tactical Intelligence knowledge which contributes directly to the accomplishment of specific objectives of immediate concern such as raids, arrest, etc. 2. Counter-Intelligence knowledge essential in the formulation, preparation and execution of plans, policies and programs geared towards the neutralization of activities adverse to the police organization. 3. Strategic Intelligence knowledge which deals with the wide and far reaching issues of law and order, internal security, crime suppression and prevention, preparation and execution of long range plans, policies and program. Principles of Intelligence: 1. Intelligence is a command responsibility the use of intel is a force multiplier which enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of police operations. Its non-utilization most often may result in failure of police operation. It is therefore expedient that police officers most especially Chiefs and Heads of Offices recognize their intrinsic value. 2. Intelligence and Operations are interdependent intelligence provides valuable inputs for effectiveness of police operation; operation likewise is needed for continuity of intelligence activities. 3. intelligence must be useful and timely intel data must be disseminated on time. It is a waste of time if data is not disseminated to end-user on time or is found to have no application and significance to police operation.

4. Intelligence

Operations

require

flexibility,

imagination,

foresight and resourcefulness although the accomplishment of the assigned task is o paramount importance, police personnel are reminded to refrain from utilizing criminal elements in intel operation. 5. Intelligence operations are continous activities following a definite cycle since it is a ccle, it has no end. It begins where it ends. 6. Intelligence requires the employment of continuous security measures to protect information, its source and organization itself. 7. Intelligence includes requires careful and of thorough planningneeds, it the

the

anticipation

intelligence

identification of capable agencies and personnel to be tasked to provide the valuable inputs to answer the intel needs and the supervision of these collection agencies and personnel. 8. Intelligence operations are influenced by the elements

present in the operational environment These may range from the peculiarities of the locale, capabilities of the unit. Limitations imposed by policies from higher authorities, and the like. Police Intelligence, Defined: It is the product resulting from the collection, evaluation, analysis, integration, collation and interpretation of all available information which concerns one or more aspects of criminal activities and other law violation for the purpose of effecting their arrests, obtaining evidence of their activities and forestalling their plan to commit crime.

PIR Priority Intelligence Requirement (formerly EEI) those intel requirements for which a Chief or Head has an anticipated and stated priority in his task of planning and decision-making. IR Info Requirement (formerly OIR) info requiremnts regarding the enemy and his environment which need to be collected and processed in order to meet the IR of a Chief or Head. Intelligence Cycle: 1. easily accomplished. 2. COLLECTION systematic extraction f PLANNING developing or systematizing a

method to make the tasks more clear and understood and can be

information from sources to government agencies 3. a) recording b) evaluation-considers the reliability of source and the accuracy of the information. c) Integration combine information which is newly required with info known already d) Interpretation determine the significance of new info in the light of possible alternatives. PROCESSING has these processes:

4. security.

DISSEMINATION passing intel data to end-

users. In this process, consider the factors of timeliness, property and

EVAULATION RATIN EVALUATION INOF SOURCE FORMATION A Reliable EVALUATION OF ACCURACY OF by T Direct Observation by other Unit Commander U Penetration/Resident Agent V AFP Troops involved in Encounter/Operation X Government Civilian Employee Y Member of the Populace SOURCE OF

ITEM Completely 1 Confirmed other source 2 Probably True

B Usually Reliable

C Fairly Reliable

3 Possibly True

D Not Reliable E Unreliable F Reliability Cannot be judged

4 Doubtfully True 5 Improbable

6 Truth Cannot be judged Z Documentary

CASING is a reconnaissance or surveillance of a building, place or area to determine its suitability for intelligence use or its vulnerability in an intelligence operation. It aids in planning of an operation by providing needed information. Method of Casing: 1. Personal Reconnaissance the best way of casing or most effective way. 2. Map Reconnaissance 3. Research 4. Prior Information

5. Hearsay Questions and Answers 1. To the military, business, political groups, police and others, intelligence is in general. . a) a means of combating risk to security b) processed information c) preservation of security d) tactical information 2. To the many dedicated intelligence operatives both

clandestine and overt, intelligence to them is a) Profession b) Job c) calling d) all of them

3. To intelligence brokers who sell informations at a price, intelligence is a a) Business b) Income generating undertaking c) Way of life d) All of them 4. Intelligence activity which is dealing all the time a) Undertaking b) Action c) information d) hearsay

5. How can a police station with only five (5) policemen undertake intelligence activity? a) Each policeman must perform intel work as additional job b) One shall be assigned to head the intel unit c) The COP must act as intel officer at the same time d) All of the above 6. There are (3) categories of intelligence a) Strategic, line and counter-intelligence b) Tactical, offensive and advance c) Line, strategic and advance d) Tactical, strategic and offensive 7. These three (3) categories of intelligence are - to one another a) Interdependent, overlapping and interrelated b) Electronic, satellite and cosmetic c) Coordinative, encroachable and determinable d) Independent, strategic and offensive 8. Intelligence as a) Line b) Strategic c) counter-intelligence d) none of them information which is not of practical and

immediate operational value but rather long range is known

9. Any processed information coming from open and convert sources. It is filtered as a finished product or in the form of information requiring processing. It must be current, concise and factual to reduce probability of guesswork. a) Line b) Counter-intelligence 10. c) strategic d) none of them

The detection, prevention and neutralization of any activity

are inimical to the harmony and best interest of the police organization. It is the most important among the categories of intelligence because the survival because the survival of the police unit depends on it. a) Line b) Strategic c) Counter-intelligence d) None of them 11. The principle that intelligence must be available on time a) Timeliness b) Automatic 12. c) punctuality d) suddenness

Intelligence operation must be changeable according to

the present situation, condition and other factors a) Timeliness b) Effectiveness 13. c) flexibility d) none of them

In organizing police intel unit, the factor/s to be considered

is/are

a) Size of the place or area b) Frequency of seriousness of civil disturbances c) Extent or prevalence of crimes d) All of them 14. In a police unit with only five (5) policemen including the

Chief, is it necessary to establish an intel unit? a) No need as there are only few men b) No because it is not advisable to establish one when there is a problem in personnel c) Yes, as it is indispensable d) Yes, because the police unit is not complete without intel unit 15. In a particular police intel unit, who usually heads the intel

unit a) Chief of Police b) Intelligence Officer 16. c) Operation Chief d) Chief of Patrol

There are actually several functions of Intel Officer but in

summation, they are a) Managing the affairs of the intel unit b) Supervising the conduct of the intel operation c) Directing his men for the success of the operation d) Coordinating with other intel units e) All of the above

17.

Intelligence plan is a part of a) Police effectiveness plan b) Line functions plan c) Police operation plan d) Security plan

18.

Intelligence process refers to cyclical steps known in its

acronym a) PCAD b) PACD 19. PCAD is short of a) Planning, collection, analysis and dissemination b) Programming, culturing, auditing and directing c) Presenting, collection, assuming and development d) Proacting, collating, analysis and delivering 20. Any knowledge, data, news, opinion and the like c) OCAP d) PCDC

transmitted from one person to another is a) Collection data b) Intel data 21. c) gathered data d) information

Intelligence information are those of a) Criminal information b) Subversive information c) Intelligence information

d) All of them 22. Intelligence information are those of a) Intelligence interest b) Unprocessed or raw intel data c) Police interest and significance d) All of them 23. What short course of program is offered for policemen in

intelligence? a) CIDC b) PIC 24. c) DACIC d)TACIC

In police intelligence, it is where information is obtained a) Field b) Source c) friend d) all of them

25.

An individual, an organization or a unit that knows and

exploits the sources of intelligence information a) Collection of agency b) Police unit 26. c) intelligence broker d) all of them

Source of information can be a) Informant b) Asset c) intelligence broker d) all of them

27.

Obtaining information employing means and effort through

secrecy, pretending or posing as somebody, and or through clandestine operation a) Covert b) Library technique 28. c) overt d) secrecy

Obtaining information without resorting to clandestine

operation a) Open source b) Surveillance 29. c) covert d) shadowing

Obtaining information through newspapers, komiks, and

the like a) Overt b) Clipping 30. c) documentary d0 all of them

Non-open or covert means of gathering information is not

usually resorted to because of the reason that a) It is expensive b) It needs too much effort 31. c) it is risky d) all of them

The source of expenditure in intelligence activities a) Government coffer b) Police budget c) Internal revenue activities d) Intelligence fund

32.

PIR means

a) Priority Intelligence Requirement b) Preparatory Intelligence Requirement c) Police Intelligence requirement d) Intelligence fund 33. IR means a) Information Requirement b) Informant Requirement c) Intel Requirement d) Intel Reservation 34. If the Intelligence units current mission is trafficking, the

PIR are/is a) Identities of person involved b) Type of drugs being pushed c) Modes of movement and contacts d) All of them 35. The IR or the above are/is a) Vices of persons involve b) Relatives of subjects c) Schools they are enrolled d) All of them 36. AIEI stands for analysis, integration, evaluation and

interpretation. Its purpose is to determine that information is

a) True and reliable b) True and accurate c) Correct and worthwhile d) All of them 37. In analyzing information gathered it will prove a) Reliability of the source b) Trusthworthiness of the source c) Dependability of the source d) All of them 38. When the accuracy of the info is placed on test, this is

determined not on reliability of the source but on its a) Worthiness b) Face value 39. c) relation d) a and c true

Intelligence analyst use a standard system to evaluate the

reliability of the agency and the accuracy of the info. As to reliability it is designated by letters from A to F; whereas, as to accuracy of the info, it is designated by numbers a) 1 to 7 b) 1 to 6 40. c) 1 to 5 d) 1 to 8

If information is determined to be such low reliability and

poor accuracy, will that be discarded? a) Partly yes b) It depends c) no d) yes

41.

Subject information will not be discarded because a) It may be found useful and relevant in the future b) Such seemingly is important and significant info that may turn out to be the break the police is waiting for c) The info may be worthwhile in the near future d) All of the above

42.

The furnishing of intel data to other police unit or other

government agencies so that they can use its importance is called a) Distribution b) Furnishing 43. c) channeling d) dissemination

Statistics shows that cases are solved due to intelligence

operation activities. The percentage is a) More than 100% b) More than 90% c) Less than 90% d) A little less than 100% 44. The main factor why informant gives information to the

police is a) Cash b) Money c) peso d) dollar

45.

One

of

the

richest

sources

of

info

as

to

events,

personalities, ideas, statistics, comments, stories, situations, opinions and the like a) Magazine b) Hearsay 46. c) komiks d) newspaper

What kinds of records in the government wherein intel info

can be gathered? a) Judicial records b) Administrative records 47. c) legislative records d) all of them

It is a conglomeration of all intel units/agencies is a country

composed of military, civilian and others a) H-World b) Intel network c) POLCOM International d) Intel community 48. This check is done to verify a persons record entries like in

an application for loan, employment, and others a) Personal record check b) Background investigation c) Scrutiny check d) Security investigation 49. Informant to the underworld is called a) Canary bird c) Judas

b) Stool pigeon 50.

d) penetration agent

Informant to the police is called a) Angel b) Salvador c) DPA d) savior

51.

The best factor in selecting informants or assets a) Integrity b) Access c) Intelligence d) Educational attainment

52.

Informants are being contacted a) By public telephone b) Safe house c) by drop d) all of them

53.

Information is transmitted by the informant by placing it in

a specified or prearranged place, like on a table in a restaurant along with a trash napkin is called a) Trash b) Left over 54. c) drop d) all of them

There is no other witness in a sensational crime except the

informant, can he be utilized as a witness? a) Yes as it necessity b) His training as informant will be of naught c) No his life is in danger

d) b and c are true 55. Operation which includes discovery and identification service, debriefing and relevant miscellaneous

activity, surveillance, liason program, informant management, clipping activities is called. a) Police operation b) Security capabilities c) Intelligence activities d) All of them 56. Observation of persons, places or things of intelligence

value a) Surveillance b) Follow-up 57. c) stake out d) none of them

In case of motorized surveillance, the thing that should be

done a) Use mobile patrolcar b) Be in full uniform 58. c) use private car d) none of the them

Kind of surveillance wherein the subject is not aware he is

being snooped a) Covert surveillance b) Secret surveillance 59. c) shadowing d) none of them

Observation of a place like gambling den, drug den, night

club, and similar places

a) Stationary surveillance b) Tailing surveillance

c) covert surveillance d) snooped

60.

A conference held among the team members before

dispatching the agents for intel operation. a) Debriefing b) Pre-surveillance conference c) Team conference d) All of them 61. The process wherein an informant reveals all info he

gathered to the intel officer a) Briefing b) Report 62. c) debriefing d) all of them

A place or building where agents meet their informants or

assets a) Apartment house b) Safe house 63. c) empty house d) all of them

A forwarding address of a police intel unit where mails,

packages and other communications are sent a) Headquarters b) Secret address c) Police address

d) Accommodation address 64. The assignment of trained intel personnel to other

agencies in order to obtain information therefrom a) Liaison program b) Transmittal of info c) Collecting info services d) Intel activity 65. One reason why our agents failed in their job a) Friendship b) Bribery 66. c) disloyalty d) tong collection

Intelligence fund is a potent source of corruption among

officers of the intel units because of a) It is too big that detection is difficult b) It is not subject to audit by government auditor c) It is discretionary on the part of intel officers to use the fund d) All of the above.

SECURITY OPERATION Preliminary: Security is the state or quality of being secured, freedom from fear or danger; assurance; certainty. To secure is to make safe or be protected.

The security of any business establishment today is a complex process. Security work involves active and passive measures so that effective defenses can be established against crimes. Active measures are the physical barriers, security lighting, use of vaults, locks and others. Passive measures are those that will deter man from committing such act for fear of being caught, charged in court or get dismissed. Security education programs, investigation, fire prevention seminars, personal security checks are examples of passive measures. Types of Security: 1. Physical Security is the broadest

branch of security which is concerned with the physical measures adopted to prevent unauthorized access to equipment, facilities, materials and documents, and to safeguard them against espionage, sabotage, damage and theft. Physical security covers other types of security to protect equipment, document facilities and materials against heft, damage, sabotage or espionage. It also encompasses protection of personnel from any criminal act. 2. Communication Security s the

protection resulting from the application of various measures which prevent or delay the enemy or unauthorized persons in gaining information through the communication system. This includes. a) Transmission security a component of communications security which results form al measures designed to protect transmission from interception, traffic analysis and initiative deception. b) Cryptographic security results from the provisions of

technically sound crypto-systems and their proper use.

c) Physical security providing of safeguard to equipment and materials from access by unauthorized persons. d) Hotel security the protection of assets, guests, personal effects and other properties in a hotel. e) Bank security a specialized type of physical security protecting the assets, personnel and operation of a bank, with special emphasis on the precaution f) Document Security is physical security involving the

protection of documents and classified papers from loss, access by unauthorized persons, damage, theft and compromise through disclosure. g) Personal Security protection of personnel especially ranking officials from any harm, kidnap and other acts affecting them. VIP security is a type of personal security. h) Crisis Security a part of VIP security involved in hostage and kidnapping of VIPs. i) Industrial Security is a physical security as applied to business groups engaged in industries like manufacturing, assembling, research and development, processing, warehousing and even agriculture. It is a form of physical security involving industrial plants and business enterprises where the personnel, processes, properties and operations are safeguarded. j) Operational Security a part of physical security that deals primarily with the protection fo processes, formulas, patents and other industrial and manufacturing activities from espionage, infiltration, loss, compromise or photocopying.

Other Special Types of Security: 1. Air Cargo Security to minimize, if not prevent, losses of cargo during transit, storage and/or transfer. 2. School Security a security involving not only the facilities of the school but likewise the students or pupils. 3. Supermarket Security a security involving the facilities, merchandise and goods owned by businessmen or those occupied stalls inside the supermarket, or security to prevent shoplifting to proliferate in the establishment. 4. Personnel Security is involved in the background checks of individuals commensurate with the security requirements of their work. Security Hazards: Security hazards is an act or condition which results in a situation like a breach of the protection system and the subsequent loss or compromise of defense information, company secret or damage to personnel, property or facilities. Kinds of Security Hazards: 1. Human Hazard is the act or condition affecting the safe operation of the facility caused by human action, accidental or intentional, like sabotage, espionage, pilferage, theft, etc. 2. Natural Hazard is the act or situation caused by natural phenomenon like floods, typhoons, earthquakes, etc. Note: That the real problem actually in industrial place is the human or man-made hazards like pilferage, theft, arson, etc.

Extent and Degree of Risks to Security Dependent on: 1. Relative Criticality of Operation is the importance of the firm with reference to the natural economy and security.