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LTE eRAN3.

0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Typical X2 Handover flow


UE Source eNB Target eNB MME Serving Gateway

0.Area Restriction Provided 1.Measurement Control (RRC_CONN_RECFG) packet data UL allocation 2.Measurement Reports (RRC_MEAS_RPRT) 3.HO decision 4.Handover Request (HANDOVER_REQUEST) 5.Admission Control DL allocation 7.RRC Conn. Reconf. incl. mobilityControlinformation (RRC_CONN_RECFG(HO_CMD)) Detach from old cell and synchronlze to new cell Deliver buffered and in transit packets to target eNB 8.SN Status Transfer (SN_STATUS_TRANSFER) Data Forwarding Buffer packets from Source eNB 6.Handover Request Ack (HANDOVER_REQUEST_ACKNOWLEDGE) packet data Legend L3 signalling L1/L2 signalling

Handover Preparation

User Data

Handover Execution

9.Synchronisation 10.UL allocation+TA for UE 11.RRC Conn. Reconf. Complete (RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP(HO_CMP))

packet data

packet data 12.Path Switch Request (S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ) 13.User Plane update request End Marker packet data End Marker 17. UE Context Release (UE_CONTEXT_RELEASE) 16.Path Switch Request Ack (S1AP_PATH_SWITCH_REQ_ACK) 15.User Plane update response

Handover Completion

14.Switch DL path

18.Release Resources Measurement Control (RRC_CONN_RECFG) Measurement Control CMP (RRC_CONN_RECFG_CMP)

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Measurement control includes all control parameters to guide UE measurement. Measurement consists of intra-frequency measurement and inter-frequency measurement. Perquisite: Related handover algorithms should be enabled For intra-frequency measurement control, this message is default sent during UE initial attach procedure or after UE handover in a new cell. The following IEs (Information Element) are included inside:

Measurement object, indicate the object with unique frequency and ID Report configuration, indicate the related event to period report parameters. A1/A2/A3 could be included. Measurement ID, bind the ID with object and report configuration, thus eNodeB can understand the purpose of each report. Quantity configuration, including the measurement filter parameters

For inter- frequency measurement control, this message should be trigged by some specific intra-frequency measurement report (A1/A2) or some special event based on handover scenarios. Besides the above IEs, it includes one more IE: gap pattern, assist UE to measure inter-frequency .

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Once the event for report is trigged, UE periodic repeat this report until eNodeB reply the instruction or the UE report times approach the maximum report times which is included in measurement control message

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

After eNodeB receive measurement report, it select the suitable target and send handover request message to the target cell via S1 or X2 interface. The following IEs could be included:

eCGI of target cell GUMMEI UE context information UE history information

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

General handover success rate = (Handover preparation success rate) (handover execution success rate) Handover preparation success rate = Handover execution attempt number /Handover preparation attempt number. This is used to evaluate the admission success rate for the target cell, if this rate is low, that indicates the handover fault is caused by target cell admission control problem. Hand over execution success rate = Handover execution success number/Handover execution attempt number. Generally, we need focus on this KPI to analyze the handover fault caused by radio problem, such as coverage and parameters setting.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Measurement point:

L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME: During handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMMAND message from the MME. L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.NoReply: After the handover preparation in a handover over the S1 or X2 interface is complete, if the source eNodeB does not receive any messages from the target and does not cancel the handover, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.NoReply counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB does not receive a HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDEG message or a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB. L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure: During handover preparation in a handover over the X2 interface, the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB receives a HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE message from the target eNodeB. L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HOCancel: During a handover over the S1 or X2 interface,the L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HOCancel counter is incremented by 1 each time the source eNodeB decides to cancel the handover and sends a HANDOVER CANCEL message to the MME or target eNodeB.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Early handover occurs if the target cell is not good or stable, consists of following scenarios:

Scenario 1: After receiving a handover command, a UE experiences a radio link failure (RLF) during the handover to the target cell. Then, the UE is handed over back to the source cell during RRC connection reestablishment. Scenario 2: A UE camps on the target cell for a short period and the RLF happen. If UE can reestablish the RRC connection to source cell, it is consider as a early handover

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Scenario 1: After UE sends measurement report, it doesnt receive any handover commands.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Scenario 2: UE doesnt send measurement report, RLF happens in source cell, and RRC establishment setup to target cell also fails.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Handover failure is caused by signaling exchange failure, including UU interface, X2 interface or S1 interface.

UU interface message exchange failure is usually caused by poor coverage X2 interface or S1 interface message exchange failure is usually caused by transmission problem

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

If we dont enable the basic coverage based intra/inter frequency handover swith, then eNdoeB doesnt send any measurement control message.

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

From above figure, we can see that Due to poor DL channel quality, SINR of PDCCH is very low, leading the demodulation of UL grant failure. Therefore, the measurement report cant be sent. RSRP, RSRQ, IBLER and DL/UL grant statistic can be used to evaluate channel quality Solution:

To increase the possibility of UL scheduling, we can enable the pre- allocation scheduling, so that UE can get UL grant in advanced to send measurement report If the poor quality is caused by coverage, then make some RF adjustment for coverage If the poor quality is caused by edge interference, we can enable ICIC feature to mitigate the interference

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Scenario: after eNodeB receive measurement report, if all reported cell is not in NRT (neighbor relation table) and ANR is not enable or the cell in NRT is set forbidden handover, then eNodeB doesnt send any handover request to target . Solution:

Enable ANR to automatic configure NCL and NRT Configure NRT by manual

How to check neighbor configuration

Should be Permit HO

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Scenario 1: No transmission resource Possible cause:


Incorrect configuration of IP path The transmission resource is limited First check IP path configuration, check if all the parameters are identical

Solution:

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

If all configuration is correct, the problems could be caused by the restriction of transmission resource . We can extend transmission bandwidth or enable relevant TRM algorithms

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Scenario 2 : Due to the poor transmission quality, leading very long handover prepare time, Solution: Contact transmission engineer to check the problem

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Possible cause :

Poor DL coverage Improper parameters handover parameters setting RF adjustment This scenario is considered as delayed handover, we can use MRO algorithm to optimize it

Solution:

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

Possible cause

Poor coverage of target cell PRACH power control setting problem Handover parameters setting problem Perform RF adjustment of target cell Increase initial power or power step for PRACH This problem is considered as early handover, we can enable MRO algorithm to optimize the relevant parameters

Solutions:

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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LTE eRAN3.0 Handover Fault Diagnosis

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