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Design

Exercise 1: Water Pump Sec6on 3, Team 4


Sam DeRose Margaux Hujoel Sebas6an Krupa Daniel Lee

Problem Statement
People dedicate a tremendous amount of 6me and eort to the transport of water throughout the developing world. The non-governmental organiza6on (NGO) Blue Planet Network es6mates Africans spent 40 billion hours per year to collect and haul water. Strategies for gathering water vary depending on the water source. Water gathered from rivers is typically far from its point of use in order to accommodate seasonal changes in water level. The NGO Hope Make Care has tasked your team to Develop a manual means of transpor6ng water from pools associated with rivers in rural communi6es. The water transport system should use metal durable and low-cost or salvageable plumbing and bicycle pumps to move water from a source that is 17 feet below and 15 feet away from its point of use. Once transported, this water can be used for shower. Your teams design should maximize the rate of water transported while minimizing the amount of manual labor as well as the cost. Once constructed, the system can only be manually operated from the point of use. Your team is encouraged to u6lize recycled materials to construct a low cost system.

Key Objec6ves and Constraints


Objec&ves Low Cost Manually/Naturally Operated Durable Minimize labor while maximizing water ow Easy to build and x Constraints
Minimum of 17 up and 15 over Operated from top of hill by user Cannot rely on external power source Total prototype should cost less than 25 USD Self supported structure Minimum ow rate: 1L/min Work in 6+ water depth

Morph Chart
Func6on Extract water Support self Prevent contamina6on Input power Transmit power Transport water Dispense water Store water Garden PVC hose Wood Metal Mesh Bike Direct Sponge Treadle Belt

PVC Trap Hand Pump Chain Crank Rope Buckets/Cups Round about Gears

Suc6on Rope-washer Screw Nozzle Bucket Pipe Tank Valve

Design Alterna6ve 1
Rope-Washer

Design Alterna6ve 2
Piston Pump

Morph Chart
Func6on Extract water Support self Prevent contamina6on Input power Transmit power Garden hose Wood Mesh Bike Direct PVC Metal Sponge Treadle Belt PVC Trap Hand Pump Chain Crank Rope Buckets/Cups Round about Gears

Transport water Suc6on Dispense water Store water Nozzle Bucket Hand Pump

Rope-washer Screw Pipe Tank Rope-Washer Both Valve

Deciding Between Alterna6ves:


Objec6ve Low Cost Recycled Materials Durable Manually Operated Minimize labor Max ow rate Ease of set-up Ease of x Total Metric USD % of materials Number of tweaks/ 100 uses Torque required Amount of people to operate Liters per minute Number of people to set up and 6me Time/skills required Rope- Washer 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 14 Piston Pump 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 10

Physical Tests
Piston Test Check Valve Test

Prototype

Prototype: Check Valves

Analysis of Prototype
It failed at 17. Why? Vacuum Air leaks Check valves Pumping diculty It worked at ground level.

Recommenda6ons
Smaller piston Beker check valves Stable base Beker seals

Acknowledgements
Professor Hightower and Professor Gokli Shop proctors Sam Abdelmua6 (Stockroom) Paul Stovall Other design teams Harvey Mudd College